Apple TV

Apple TV is a digital media player and microconsole developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device that can receive digital data such as music or video from specific sources and stream it to a television or other video display.

Apple TV is an HDMI-compliant source device.[6] To use it for viewing, it has to be connected to an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television via an HDMI cable. The device has no integrated controls and can only be controlled externally, either by an Apple Remote or Siri Remote control device (with which it is sold) using its infrared/Bluetooth capability, by the Apple TV Remote app (downloadable from App Store) on iOS devices, such as the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Apple Watch, using its Wi-Fi capability, or by some third-party infrared remotes.[7][8]

Its Wi-Fi capability is also used to receive digital content from various iOS apps using AirPlay or directly from the iTunes Store, which is then streamed to the TV. It also plays digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Stan, Foxtel Now, Hulu, Now TV (UK only), SlingTV, PlayStation Vue, Amazon Prime Video, DirecTV, YouTube, Red Bull TV, and Vevo along with HBO Now, Showtime Anytime, Starz, and the TV Everywhere portals of several cable and broadcast networks, and the video subscription portals of all of the four major North American sports leagues: NFL TV app, MLB.tv, NBA League Pass, and NHL.tv. It plays content from any macOS or Windows computer running iTunes. Apple began to promote the Live Tune-In feature that allows the viewer to ask Siri to tune to live streams of CBS, ESPN, and Disney XD among many others that support Live Tune-In.

According to observers, Apple's March 2019 special event highlighted the company's reorientation of its focus away from the Apple TV hardware, which has lagged competitors with only 13% of U.S. connected TV market share, and apps on the set-top box, and instead turn toward higher revenue Apple-distributed video streaming that will be available even through competitors' devices, via the company's upcoming Apple TV+ original content service and Apple TV Channels a la carte premium video on demand subscription aggregating service.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Apple TV
AppleTVLogo
AppleTV-4th-gen
Apple TV 4K
DeveloperApple Inc.
Manufacturer
TypeSet-top box microconsole
Release date
  • 1st: January 9, 2007
  • 2nd: September 1, 2010
  • 3rd: March 7, 2012
  • 3rd Rev A: January 28, 2013
  • 4th: October 30, 2015
  • 5th: September 22, 2017
Introductory price
  • US$299.00 (1st generation)[1]
  • $99.00 (2nd and 3rd generation)[2]
  • $149.00 (32 GB 4th generation)
  • $179.00 (32 GB 5th generation)
  • $199.00 (64 GB 4th and 5th generation)[3]
Operating system
  • 1st: Apple TV Software 3.0.2
  • Based on Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger
  • Released February 10, 2010
  • 2nd: Apple TV Software 6.2.1
  • Based on iOS 7.1.2
  • Released June 30, 2014
  • 3rd and 3rd Rev A: Apple TV Software 7.2.2
  • Based on iOS 8.4.2
  • Released December 12, 2016
  • 4th and 5th: tvOS 12.2
  • Released March 26, 2019[4]
CPU
Memory
Storage
  • 1st: 40 or 160 GB
  • 2nd, 3rd, and 3rd Rev A: 8 GB (Not user-accessible, caching only)
  • 4th and 5th: 32 or 64 GB NAND Flash
Input
Connectivity
Online services8,000 total apps, including 2,000 games and 1,600 video apps
(as of October 27, 2016)[5]
Dimensions
  • 1st:
  • 28 mm (1.1 in) (h)
  • 197 mm (7.7 in) (w)
  • 197 mm (7.7 in) (d)
  • 2nd, 3rd, and 3rd Rev A:
  • 23 mm (0.9 in) (h)
  • 98 mm (3.9 in) (w)
  • 98 mm (3.9 in) (d)
  • 4th and 5th:
  • 35 mm (1.4 in) (h)
  • 98 mm (3.9 in) (w)
  • 98 mm (3.9 in) (d)
Mass
  • 1st: 2.4 lb (1.09 kg)
  • 2nd, 3rd, and 3rd Rev A: 0.6 lb (0.27 kg)
  • 4th and 5th: 15 oz (425 g)
Websitewww.apple.com/tv/

History

Predecessors and rumored television set

In an early attempt to enter the home entertainment industry, Apple released the Macintosh TV in 1993. Macintosh TV had a 14-inch CRT screen along with a TV tuner card.[18] This did not prove to be a success, as only 10,000 units of Macintosh TV were sold up to its discontinuation in 1994.[19]

Apple's next foray into the television industry came with the Apple Interactive Television Box, also in 1994. Apple Interactive Television Box was a collaboration venture between Apple, BT, and Belgacom but it never went on sale to the public.[19][20]

Apple's last major attempt to enter the home entertainment market before Apple TV occurred with their launch of Apple Bandai Pippin based on the Apple Pippin platform in the late 1990s. Apple Bandai Pippin combines a home game console with a networked computer.[19][21]

Starting as early as 2011, Gene Munster, longtime investment banking analyst at Piper Jaffray covering Apple, led and persisted rumors that Apple would announce HDTV television set hardware to directly compete with Sony, LG, Samsung, and other TV makers,[22] but Apple has never released any such product and Munster finally relented and recanted in 2015.[23][24] This was despite the set being mentioned as a possibility for a future breakthrough product in Steve Jobs' biography Steve Jobs.[19][25][26][27]

1st generation

Macworld San Francisco banner "Introducing Apple TV"-2007-01-09
Macworld San Francisco banner "Introducing Apple TV", January 9, 2007

Apple TV was unveiled as a work in progress called "iTV" on September 12, 2006 using a modified Front Row interface using the Apple Remote.[28][29] Apple started taking pre-orders for Apple TV on January 9, 2007. The name "iTV" was originally going to be used to keep the product in line with the rest of their "i"-based products (iMac, iPod, etc.), but was not used because the British terrestrial broadcast network ITV holds the rights to the name in the UK and threatened to take legal action against Apple.[30]

Apple TV first shipped on March 21, 2007 with a 40 GB hard disk.[31] A updated model with a 160 GB HDD was released on May 31, 2007; subsequently, Apple ceased selling the 40 GB HDD version on September 14, 2009.[32]

On January 15, 2008, a software upgrade was announced; this turned the Apple TV into a stand-alone device which removed the requirement for a computer running iTunes on Mac OS X or Windows to stream or sync content to it, and making most of the Apple TV's hard disk redundant. The update allowed the iTunes Store content to be directly rented and purchased, as well as photo streaming and podcast downloads from MobileMe (which was called .Mac at the time) and Flickr.[33] Front Row became deprecated, and a new interface was introduced for the original Apple TV in which content was organized into six categories, all of which appeared in a large square box on the screen upon startup (movies, TV shows, music, YouTube, podcasts, and photos) and presented in the initial menu, along with a "Settings" option for configuration, including software updates.[34][35]

On July 10, 2008, Apple released the iTunes Remote app on the App Store,[36] and the Apple TV 2.1 software update that added recognition for the iPhone and iPod Touch as remote control devices intended as a software alternative to the Apple Remote.[37] Later updates to the Apple TV, iTunes, and Remote software added support for the iPad, and introduced support for new features as they were added to iTunes.

In July 2011, Apple discontinued the Front Row interface for Mac users.[38]

On September 9, 2015, Apple discontinued service and support for the first generation Apple TV.[6] Beginning May 25, 2018, iTunes Store is no longer accessible from the device, due to its obsolete security standards.[39]

2nd and 3rd generation

The 2nd generation Apple TV was announced on September 1, 2010, and was the first to run on a variant of iOS.[40][41][42] The device is housed in a smaller, all-black case, one-quarter the size of the original. This model replaced the internal hard drive with 8 GB internal flash storage, enough local storage for buffering purposes; all media became streamed, instead of synced. It supports output up to 720p over HDMI only.[43]

In May 2015 the YouTube app was removed from 2nd generation Apple TVs due to an API change by Google.[44]

On March 7, 2012 Apple announced the 3rd generation Apple TV. It is identical externally to the second generation model, includes a single-core A5 processor, and supports 1080p output.[45]

Apple silently released a third generation "Rev A" on January 28, 2013 with component changes included. By October 2016, Apple had phased out the Apple TV third generation, with Apple Store employees instructed to pull all units and demo units from store shelves.[46]

Amazon Video was automatically added to 3rd generation Apple TVs running 7.2.2 on December 6, 2017.[47] According to AppleInsider, the TV app and access to Apple TV+ will be added in a forthcoming software update.[48]

4th and 5th generation

On September 9, 2015, Apple announced the 4th generation Apple TV at an Apple Special Event. The 4th generation model uses a new operating system, tvOS, with an app store, allowing downloads of third-party apps for video, audio, games and other content. Upon release, third-party apps were available from a limited range of providers, with new APIs providing opportunities for more apps. A requirement of new apps and games was that they must include interfacing with the new touchpad-enabled Siri remote, which was later relaxed for games.[49][50] In March 2019 Apple rebranded the device as Apple TV HD.[51]

The 4th generation includes a 64-bit Apple A8 processor, and adds support for Dolby Digital Plus audio. While similar to the form factor of the 2nd and 3rd generation models, the 4th generation model is taller. In contrast to the old remote's arrow button, the 4th generation Apple TV's touch remote uses swipe-to-select features, Siri support, a built-in microphone, volume control over HDMI CEC and IR, and an accelerometer (IMU).

The 4th generation Apple TV started shipping in October 2015. Upon launch, there were several unexpected issues such as incompatibility with Apple's own Remote app for iOS and watchOS.[52] These issues were fixed by Apple on December 8, 2015 in tvOS 9.1.[53]

Amazon initially declined to develop an Amazon Video application for Apple TV, and announced in October 2015 it would stop selling Apple TVs, and removed 3rd generation SKUs.[54] In late 2017 Amazon reversed their stance and released an Amazon Video app,[55] and resumed sales of Apple TVs.[56]

On September 13, 2016, Apple released the tvOS 10 software update for the Apple TV, bringing an all new remote app, single-sign on, dark mode, HomeKit support, and other features to the 4th generation Apple TV.

On September 12, 2017, Apple announced the 5th generation Apple TV, named Apple TV 4K, which supports 2160p output, HDR10, Dolby Vision, and includes a faster Apple A10X Fusion processor supporting HEVC hardware decoding. Dolby Atmos support was added in tvOS 12.[57][58] Externally it is similar to the 4th generation model, with the only differences being the addition of vents on the base, the removal of the USB-C port, and the addition of a white outline around the menu button on the included Siri Remote. Following the announcement of the new models, the 64 GB version of the 4th generation Apple TV was discontinued.[59]

Features

Apple TV allows consumers to use an HDTV to stream video, music, and podcasts as well as downloading apps and games from the tvOS App Store. The first, second, and third generations offered limited content which Apple had provisioned to work with Apple TV. These have now been discontinued[60] in favor of the fourth generation Apple TV, with an OS based on iOS called tvOS which lets developers create their own apps with their own interface that run on Apple TV. These include multimedia, music apps, and games.

Nasaappscreenshot
NASA app for Apple TV

Features of Apple TV include:

Video Streaming
  • Users of Apple TV can rent or buy movies and TV shows from the iTunes Store, or stream video from a variety of services found in the tvOS App Store such as Netflix, Amazon Prime Video, Hulu, YouTube, Vimeo, HBO Now, Showtime, Sling TV, and DirecTV Now.
  • Users can stream live and on-demand content from apps that support login through a cable provider by way of one universal app called TV. The single-sign on feature in tvOS 10.1 and later allows users to log in to all of these apps at once, bypassing the need to authenticate each individually.
Music and Podcasts Streaming
  • Users can access their music and podcasts libraries that they purchased in iTunes through iCloud through the Music and Podcasts apps, respectively. In addition, users can also subscribe to music streaming services such as Apple Music, Pandora Music, Qello, and Vevo and access content that way.
Photos
  • The built in Photos app syncs user photos from iCloud Photo Library and displays them on TV. In addition, users can download third-party apps like Adobe Lightroom[61] to view, edit and share them.[62]
Apps and Games
  • With the fourth generation Apple TV and later, users can download apps and games from the tvOS App Store. This app store is similar to the one found on the Apple iPhone and iPad.
  • Apps can now be ported from iOS easily by developers since tvOS and iOS share a common codebase and kernel.
    Examples include the Papa John's Pizza[63] app which allows for users to order pizza right from Apple TV and Zillow which allows users to search for homes right on their TV.[64] A NASA app for Apple TV includes live streaming of NASA TV content, including International Space Station missions.[65]
  • Games use the Accelerometer and Gyroscope along with the touchpad found on the Siri Remote for control. External Bluetooth game controllers can also be paired.
    Examples include Asphalt 8, which can be played using the Siri Remote.
Casting and Mirroring
  • With AirPlay, users can stream or mirror content wirelessly from an iOS device or Mac. AirPlay can be accessed by swiping up from the bottom of the screen in Control Center on iOS or in the Menu Bar on a Mac. Its functions include:[66]
    • Casting, which allows users to wirelessly send video or audio from their iPhone, iPad, or Mac to the Apple TV.
    • Mirroring, which allows users to wirelessly mirror their Mac screen or AirPlay device which to the TV, using it as a second monitor.
    • Peer-to-Peer AirPlay, which uses Bluetooth to connect if the Apple TV and the iOS Device/Mac are not on the same Wi-Fi network.
Siri
HomeKit
  • The third generation[70] Apple TV and later can also be used as a home hub to control HomeKit devices, such as locks, thermostats, or garage doors either locally or over the Internet. HomeKit Automation, such as automatic implementation of scenes, multiple user support and using Siri to control devices is possible with a fourth generation Apple TV or later.
General
  • HDMI CEC to control other devices in a user's home theater setup.[71]
  • App Switcher which enables users to switch apps.
  • Aerial Screensaver which allows the TV to display a flyover view of a city when Apple TV is inactive. Screensavers can also be invoked from the home screen by pressing menu on the Siri Remote once.[72]

App Store

  • With the fourth generation Apple TV and tvOS, Apple announced an App Store which allows any developer to make apps using the APIs available specifically tailored towards the TV.[73] Also, since tvOS is based on iOS, any developer can port over apps from iOS and with a few modifications, as Apple stated on stage, and can make them available for all tvOS users with the App Store. The App Store is not available to previous Apple TVs and is a feature of the fourth generation Apple TV onward.

Accessibility

Since tvOS and watchOS are based on iOS, they have inherited many of the accessibility features of iOS and macOS[74] and are compatible with Apple's entire product line including the Apple Watch as a remote controller for the Apple TV.

tvOS includes the Apple technologies of VoiceOver, Zoom, and Siri to help the blind and those with low vision. Pairing a Bluetooth keyboard with the tvOS on the Apple TV enables another accessibility feature that also is an incorporation of VoiceOver. When typing, VoiceOver mirrors with an audio voice, each character pressed on the keyboard and repeated again when it is entered. The Apple TV is designed to work with the Apple Wireless Keyboard or the Apple Magic Keyboard.

Apple TV with and without tvOS supports closed captioning, so the deaf or hard of hearing can properly watch TV episodes and feature-length movies. Compatible episodes and movies are denoted with a CC (closed captioning) or SDH (Descriptive Audio) icon in the iTunes Store either on the Apple TV or in iTunes itself. The viewer can customize the captions in episodes or movies with styles and fonts that are more conducive to their hearing and/or visual impairment.[75]

Apple's Remote app on iOS devices allows control of the Apple TV from an iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch.[76]

Restrictions

Similar to Google's redesign of YouTube, Apple has restricted access to most viewed charts on movies and podcasts. They are replaced by "Top Movies", "Top Podcasts", and "Editor's Picks".[77]

Parental controls allow consumers to limit access to Internet media service content via "Restrictions" settings; individual services can be turned off (e.g., to reduce clutter), icons can be rearranged via the tap-and-hold technique à la iOS. Internet media is split into four categories: "Internet Photos", "YouTube", "Podcasts", and "Purchase and Rental". Each of the categories is configured by a parental control of "Show", "Hide" or "Ask" to prompt for a 4-digit PIN. In addition, movies, TV shows, music and podcasts can be restricted by rating.[78]

Local sources

Apple TV allows users on a computer running iTunes to sync or stream photos, music and videos.[79]

A user can connect a computer on a local network to maintain a central home media library of digitized CD, DVD or HD content,[80] provide direct connectivity to photo organization software such as iPhoto,[81] limit home video access to a local network only,[82] play Internet radio,[83][84] or preload content on Apple TV to be used later as a non-networked video player.[85] For users who wish to connect the Apple TV to a computer, synchronization and streaming modes are supported.[79]

Apple TV in synchronization mode works in a way similar to the iPod. It is paired with an iTunes library on a single computer and can synchronize with that library, copying all or selected content to its own storage. Apple TV need not remain connected to the network after syncing.[85][86] Photos can be synced from iPhoto, Aperture, or from a folder on a Mac, or Adobe Photoshop Album, Photoshop Elements, or from a hard disk folder in Windows.[87]

Apple TV can also function as a peer-to-peer digital media player, streaming content from iTunes libraries and playing the content over the network.[88][89]

1st generation Apple TVs can stream content from up to five computers or iTunes libraries. Also, five Apple TVs can be linked to the same iTunes library. The 2nd generation Apple TV onwards allows users to stream content from more than one iTunes library: these additional iTunes libraries can be on the same or on different computers. This is possible when Apple TV and every iTunes library from which you want to stream content meet all of the following conditions: (1) the Apple TV and the iTunes library you are streaming from are both on the same local network, (2) each uses the iTunes "Home Sharing" feature, and (3) each are using the same "Home Sharing" Apple ID.

4th generation Apple TVs and newer can also stream content locally using third party apps such as Plex and VLC media player.

Supported formats

Apple TV natively supports the following audio, video, and picture formats (although with the 4th generation, apps may use alternative built-in software in order to play other codecs and formats, e.g. VLC media player):

Video
Main/Main 10 profile, hardware decoding on 5th generation, software decoding on 4th generation running tvOS 11 and later.[90]
High or Main Profile level 4.0 or lower, or High or Main Profile level 4.2 or lower (4th generation[94]), Baseline profile level 3.0 or lower with AAC-LC audio up to 160 kbits/s per channel, 48 kHz, stereo audio in .m4v, .mp4, and .mov file formats.
  • MPEG-4 up to 720×432 (432p) or 640×480 pixels at 30 fps
MPEG-4 video up to 2.5 Mbit/s, 640×480 pixels, 30 frames per second, Simple Profile with AAC-LC audio up to 160 kbit/s, 48 kHz, stereo audio in .m4v, .mp4, and .mov file formats.
Motion JPEG (M-JPEG) up to 35 Mbit/s, 1280×720 pixels, 30 fps, audio in ulaw, PCM stereo audio in .avi file format.
Picture
Audio[a]
TV compatibility
  • Compatible with high-definition TVs with HDMI and capable of 1080p or 720p at 60/50 Hz.
  • Requires HDCP when playing copy-protected content.
  • A sustained 8 Mbit/s or faster Internet connection is recommended for viewing 1080p HD movies and TV shows, 6 Mbit/s or faster for viewing 720p content, and 2.5 Mbit/s or faster for SD content.

Attempts to sync unsupported content to Apple TV will draw an error message from iTunes.[96]

The 1st and 2nd generation Apple TV video output can be set to either 1080i or 1080p; however, this resolution is limited to the user interface and the viewing of photographs – all other content is simply upscaled to those resolutions. Those models cannot play 1080i or 1080p video content (e.g., HD camera video).[88][89][97][98][99] The 3rd and 4th generation Apple TV support 1080p video content. The Apple TV 4K, as the name suggests, supports 4K resolutions and HDR, including Dolby Vision. 4K content from sources such as iTunes can be played on a compatible 4K television set.

Apple offers H.264 1080p movies and video podcasts on iTunes.[100] In comparison, Blu-ray Disc films are 1080p H.264 or VC-1 video encoded at rates of up to 40 Mbit/s.[101]

Apple TV's audio chip supports 7.1 surround sound,[102] and some high definition rentals from iTunes are offered with Dolby Digital 5.1 surround sound.[103]

There is an Apple TV export option in QuickTime which allows content in some formats that the device does not support to be easily re-encoded.[104] Applications that use QuickTime to export media can use this; e.g., iMovie's Share menu,[105] iTunes' advanced menu,[106] and some third-party content conversion tools.[107]

Connectivity

Apple TV back
Back of 1st generation Apple TV
Apple TV 2nd Generation back
Back of 2nd & 3rd generation Apple TV

Apple TV streams video through an HDMI cable (Type A) connected to the TV's HDMI port. Audio is supported through the optical or HDMI ports. The device also has a Micro-USB port, which is reserved for service and diagnostics. The device connects through Ethernet or Wi-Fi to the computer for digital content from the Internet and local networks. Apple TV does not come with audio, video or other cables, which must be acquired additionally as required.[108] On the previous Apple TV, media files could be transferred directly onto the device by syncing with another computer. Once content was stored on the device's hard drive, Internet connectivity was no longer needed to view content.[85] This is not the case with the later models, which do not have a hard drive for storing media.

The 1st generation Apple TV had component video and RCA connector audio ports, both removed in the 2nd generation. The device does not have RCA/composite video or F/RF connectors.[89][109]

Starting with the 4th generation Apple TV, Apple removed the optical audio port. Apple also enhanced the HDMI port by adding support for HDMI 1.4. The 4th generation also removed the Micro-USB port in favor of the reversible USB-C port and the 5th generation removed USB entirely.

AirPlay

AirPlay allows iOS devices or an AirPort-enabled computer with the iTunes music player to send a stream of music to multiple (three to six, in typical conditions) stereos connected to an AirPort Express (the audio-only antecedent of Apple TV) or Apple TV.[110]

The AirPort Express' streaming media capabilities use Apple's Remote Audio Output Protocol (RAOP), a proprietary variant of RTSP/RTP. Using WDS-bridging,[111] the AirPort Express can allow AirPlay functionality (as well as Internet access, file and print sharing, etc.) across a larger distance in a mixed environment of wired and up to 10 wireless clients.

Speakers attached to an AirPort Express or Apple TV can be selected from within the "Remote" iPhone/iPod Touch program, allowing full AirPlay compatibility[112] (see "Remote control" section below).

A compatible Mac running OS X Mountain Lion or later can wirelessly mirror its screen to an Apple TV through AirPlay Mirroring[113][114] while one running OS X Mavericks or later can also extend its display with AirPlay Display.

Remote control

Apple TV can be controlled by many infrared remote controls[115] or paired with the included Apple Remote to prevent interference from other remotes.[88][116][117] Either kind of remote can control playback volume, but for music only.[33][118][119]

The Apple Wireless Keyboard is supported on the 2nd generation Apple TV and later using the built-in Bluetooth.[120] The consumer has the ability to control media playback, navigate menus and input text and other information. Third-party keyboards that use the Apple layout may also be compatible.[120]

On July 10, 2008, Apple released Remote, a free iOS application that allows the iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad to control the iTunes library on the Apple TV via Wi-Fi.[121][122] The Apple Watch also has a remote app to control Apple TV.[123]

The Remote App was updated on September 13, 2016,[124] to take advantage of all the features of the Apple TV 4. This includes Siri, Touchpad, and Home Buttons, along with a now playing screen.

Apple tv gen 4 remote.jpeg
The Apple Siri Remote is included with the fourth generation Apple TV and later, as well as being sold by itself.

On September 9, 2015, Apple announced the new Siri Remote for the 4th generation Apple TV (although in some territories, Apple have kept the name Apple TV Remote, due to Siri functionality not being enabled on it in that territory).[125] It is a completely redesigned remote that features dual microphones for Siri support and a glass touch surface for navigation around the interface by swiping or tapping and scrubbing to fast forward or rewind. Also, it has a menu and home button, a Siri button to invoke Siri, a Play/Pause button, and a Volume Up/Down button to control the volume on the TV. The Siri Remote communicates with the Apple TV via Bluetooth rather than infrared, removing the requirement of a line-of-sight with the device. This new remote is only supported by the 4th generation Apple TV and later and will not work with earlier generations.

Siri

Beginning with the 4th generation Apple TV, the remote includes two microphones and a button to activate Siri. Siri on the Apple TV has all of the functions of Siri on iOS 9; it can also respond to requests specifically for the TV.[126] For instance, the viewer can ask Siri to search for a TV show or movie and it will search across multiple different sources to tell the user where the content is available to watch. It can also do things such as Play/Pause,[127] Rewind/Fast Forward, skip back 15 seconds and temporarily turn on captioning when asked "what did he say?" or "what did she say?", open a specific app, and more.

Software

1st generation

The original Apple TV ran a modified build of Mac OS X v10.4 Tiger[128]

Apple TV Software 1.0

Apple TV software 1.0 presented the user with an interface similar to that of Front Row. Like Front Row on the Mac, it presents the user with seven options for consuming content. Movies, TV Shows, Music, Podcasts, Photos, Settings, and Sources. It was a modified version of OS x v10.4 Tiger.[129]

Apple TV Software 2.0

In February 2008, Apple released a major and free upgrade to the Apple TV, labelled "Take Two"(2.0). This update did away with Front Row and introduced a new interface in which content was organized into six categories, all of which appeared in a large square box on the screen upon startup (movies, TV shows, music, YouTube, podcasts, and photos) and presented in the initial menu, along with a "Settings" option for configuration, including software updates.[34][35]

Apple TV Software 3.0

In October 2009, Apple released a minor upgrade for the Apple TV called "Apple TV Software 3.0".[130] This update replaced the interface in version 2.0 with a new interface which presented seven horizontal columns across the top of the screen for the different categories of content (Movies, TV Shows, Music, Podcasts, Photos, Internet, and Settings).[131] This update also added features such as content filtering, iTunes Extras,[132] new fonts, and a new Internet radio app.

One new feature in particular was the 'Genius' playlist option allowing for easier and more user friendly playlist creating[133]

2nd and 3rd generation

Apple TV 5.2
The user interface used in the third generation Apple TV series featured a rounded rectangle tile interface.

The 2nd[134] and 3rd[135] generation Apple TVs run a version of iOS, rather than the modified Mac OS X of the original model.

The interface on Apple TV Software 4 is similar to that of previous versions, with only minor changes and feature additions throughout. In March 2012, Apple released a major new software update, with the Apple TV 3rd generation, labeled as Apple TV Software 5 (iOS 5.1),[136] which shipped with the new 3rd generation Apple TV. This update completely revised the look of the home screen to make it resemble the icon grid seen on iOS. Instead of 7 columns, content and third-party channels are shown in a tiled grid format,[137] which can be rearranged. Throughout the years, for Apple TV Software 5-6, Apple released minor revisions, content additions, and feature updates.

The Apple TV Software 7.0 features a flat look similar to iOS 7 and OS X Yosemite and adds features such as Peer-To-Peer AirPlay.[138] Version 8.0 was skipped.

Apple TV Software 7.2.2 (iOS 8.4.2) is currently available for the Apple TV (3rd generation), as of March 2019. It does not support tvOS 9.0 or later. However, it does support Amazon Video, which was automatically added to those Apple TVs running 7.2.2 on December 6, 2017.[47]

On March 27, 2019, Apple TV Software 7.3 (Beta 1) was released to developers, alongside tvOS 12.3. This is the first update to the third-generation Apple TV since 2016. The new update brings compatibility with the forthcoming Apple TV+ service.[139]

4th and 5th generation

The fourth generation Apple TV and later run an operating system called tvOS[140] which does not support the earlier generations of Apple TV. It features an app store, allowing third-party app developers to release their own apps on the platform.[141] The new software also features support for Siri voice control. The tvOS software development kit (SDK) for developing tvOS apps is included in Xcode 7.1 and later.[142] A new development feature, App Thinning,[143] is used in the Apple TV, running on tvOS, due to the storage restrictions of the device (32 GB and 64 GB) and the dual-use of the NAND Flash Memory to precache movies from Apple's content servers as well as storage for downloaded applications from the tvOS App Store. Apple's aim is to limit the size of application downloads and steering users toward downloading individual segments of apps in order to better manage storage space. Developers have reacted with criticism toward the download size limits, arguing that it leads to situations where game data is purged and has to be re-downloaded.[143]

Technical specifications

Obsolete[144] Vintage Discontinued Current
Models 1st generation 2nd generation 3rd generation 3rd generation Rev. A HD (4th generation) 4K (5th generation)
Release date(s) January 9, 2007 September 1, 2010 March 7, 2012 January 28, 2013 October 30, 2015 September 22, 2017
Discontinued September 1, 2010 March 7, 2012 March 10, 2013[145] September 8, 2016 64 GB: September 12, 2017
32 GB: In production
In production
Model number - Model ID -
Order number
A1218 - AppleTV1,1 -
MA711LL/A
A1378 - AppleTV2,1 -
MC572LL/A
A1427 - AppleTV3,1 -
MD199BZ/A
A1469 - AppleTV3,2 -
MD199LL/A
A1625 - AppleTV5,3 -
MGY52LL/A for 32 GB models
MLNC2LL/A for 64 GB models
A1842 - AppleTV6,2 -
MQD22LL/A3 for 32 GB models
MP7P2LL/A for 64 GB models
Processor 1 GHz Intel "Crofton" Pentium M[146] 1 GHz Apple A4 (ARM Cortex-A8) 1 GHz Apple A5 (single core ARM Cortex-A9, dual core with one core locked) 1 GHz Apple A5 (ARM Cortex-A9, single core - redesign from A5 dual core). 1.5 GHz dual-core Apple A8 2.38 GHz hexa-core Apple A10X Fusion
Graphics Nvidia GeForce Go 7300 with 64 MB of VRAM[147] Apple A4 (PowerVR SGX535) Apple A5 (PowerVR SGX543MP2) Apple A5 (PowerVR SGX543MP1) Apple A8 (PowerVR Series 6XT GX6450) Apple A10X Fusion
Memory 256 MB of 400 MHz DDR2 SDRAM[148] 256 MB LPDDR2[149] 512 MB LPDDR2[150] 2 GB LPDDR3[151][152] 3 GB LPDDR4[153]
Storage 40 or 160 GB integral HDD 8 GB NAND flash for cache[150][154] 32 or 64 GB NAND flash
Connectivity
Networking
Wi-Fi (802.11b/g and draft-n) Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n) Wi-Fi (802.11a/b/g/n/ac)
10/100 Ethernet Gigabit Ethernet
Output
1080p (undefined, following the Version 3.0 software update), 720p 60/50 Hz (NTSC/PAL), 576p 50 Hz (PAL), 480p 60 Hz (NTSC)[156]
over HDMI (HDCP capable) or Component Video (480i 60 Hz is unofficially supported)
720p, 576p, 480p
over HDMI only (HDCP capable)
1080p, 720p, 576p, 480p
over HDMI only (HDCP capable)
2160p, 1080p, 720p, 576p, 480p over HDMI only (HDCP capable)
SDR SDR, HDR10, Dolby Vision
Audio
Optical audio (48 kHz maximum sample rate), HDMI, RCA analog stereo audio Optical audio (48 kHz fixed sample rate), HDMI HDMI-CEC
Supports output up to 5.1 channels Supports output up to 7.1 channels Supports output up to 7.1.4 channels (Dolby Atmos)
Power Built-in universal 48 W power supply Built-in universal 6 W power supply Built-in universal 11 W power supply[157] Built-in universal 13 W power supply[153]
Dimensions 1.1 in (28 mm) (h)
7.7 in (197 mm) (w)
7.7 in (197 mm) (d)
0.9 in (23 mm) (h)
3.9 in (98 mm) (w)
3.9 in (98 mm) (d)
1.4 in (35 mm) (h)
3.9 in (98 mm) (w)
3.9 in (98 mm) (d)
Weight 2.4 lb (1.09 kg) 9.2 oz (270 g) 15 oz (425 g)
Initial operating system Apple TV Software 1.0 (modified build of Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger) Apple TV Software 4.0 (based on iOS 4.1) Apple TV Software 5.0 (based on iOS 5.1) Apple TV Software 5.2[158] (based on iOS 6.1) tvOS 9.0[159] (based on iOS 9)[160] tvOS 11.0 (based on iOS 11)
Current operating system Apple TV Software 3.0.2 (modified build of Mac OS X 10.4 Tiger) Apple TV Software 6.2.1 (based on iOS 7.1.2) Apple TV Software 7.2.2 (based on iOS 8.4.2)[161] tvOS 12.2 (based on iOS 12.2)

Limitations

Functionality

Apple TV contains neither a TV tuner nor a personal video recorder.[88][96] Both capabilities can be applied to the connected home computer through various third-party products, such as allowing PVR software to connect to iTunes and enable scheduled HDTV recordings to play automatically via Apple TV for playback.[162]

The Front Row interface lacks some iTunes functionality, including rating items, checking the account balance, adding funds to the account, synchronizing from more than one computer,[163] full Internet radio support,[89][164] and games.[165]

The Movies search box only searches the iTunes Store, not local hard drives and networks.[166]

Movies rented on Apple TV must be watched on Apple TV, unlike iTunes rentals, which can be transferred to any video-enabled iPod, iPhone, or Apple TV.[167][168] Movies purchased on Apple TV can be moved to a video-enabled iPod or iPhone via iTunes.[169]

Apple TV prior to 4th generation does not support the HDMI Consumer Electronics Control (HDMI CEC) protocol.

On the Apple TV (2nd generation), digital output audio is up-sampled to 48 kHz, including lossless CD rips at 44.1 kHz. Although this is a higher frequency and the difference is not audible in most cases, it falls short of digital transmission of data standards due to the audio not being 'bit perfect'.[170]

Sales

1st generation

Within the first week of presales in January 2007, Apple TV was the top pre-selling item at the Apple Store.[171] Orders exceeded 100,000 units by the end of January and Apple began ramping-up to sell over a million units before the 2007 holiday season.[172] Analysts began calling it a "DVD killer"[173] that could enable multiple services. Analysts also predicted that Apple could sell up to 1.5 million units in the first year.[174] Besides the Apple Store, Best Buy was one of the first retailers to carry the device;[175] Target and Costco[176] followed shortly thereafter.

Two months into sales, Forrester Research predicted at the time that Apple would only sell a million Apple TV units, because consumers prefer advertisement-supported content over paid content. Forrester predicted that cable companies would be the clear winners over content providers such as the iTunes Store.[177] Shortly after, Apple released YouTube functionality and Jobs stated that Apple TV was a "DVD player for the Internet". Some market analysts predicted that YouTube on Apple TV "provides a glimpse of this product's potential and its future evolution",[178] but overall, analysts had mixed reactions regarding the future of Apple TV. Some negative reactions followed after Jobs referred to the device as a "hobby", implying it was less significant than the Macintosh, iPod, and iPhone.[179]

In the fourth quarter of 2008, sales were triple that of the fourth quarter of 2007.[180]

In Apple's first-quarter 2009 financial results conference call, acting chief executive Tim Cook stated that Apple TV sales increased three times over the same quarter a year ago. Cook mentioned that the movie rental business was working well for Apple, Apple would continue investment in movie rentals and Apple TV, but Apple TV is still considered a hobby for the company.[180] Due to the growth of digital TV and consumers turning to Internet media services, an analyst at the time predicted sales of 6.6 million Apple TVs by the end of 2009.[22]

2nd generation

The second generation sold 250,000 units in the first two weeks it was available. On December 21, 2010, Apple announced that they had sold 1 million units.[181] In the second fiscal quarter of 2011, it had topped 2 million in total sales, with 820,000 sold in that quarter alone.[182]

On January 24, 2012, Apple announced they had sold 1.4 million units in the first fiscal quarter of 2012,[183] and 2.8 million units in all of fiscal year 2011.[184] (4.2 million units through January 1, 2012).

3rd generation

Tim Cook announced at the All Things Digital conference in May 2012 that Apple had sold 2.7 million of the 3rd generation model in 2012.[185]

In the Q4 FY2012 earnings call, Engadget reported comments from Tim Cook that Apple had shipped 1.3 million Apple TV units in the 4th Quarter (presumed to be 3rd generation).[186]

MacObserver reported statements by Tim Cook in the Q1 FY2013 earnings call that Apple sold over 2 million Apple TV units in the December Quarter (presumed to be 3rd generation).[187]

These reports lead to a cumulative volume of the 3rd generation device of 6 million units, as of January 1, 2013.

On February 28, 2014, at Apple's shareholders meeting, Apple CEO Tim Cook announced that in 2013 Apple TV brought in 1 billion dollars of revenue for Apple.[188]

A market survey published by Parks Associates in December 2014 found that Apple TV has lost consumer traction to Google Chromecast, garnering only a 17% market share.[189]

Tim Cook announced at the Apple Watch conference on March 9, 2015, that Apple had sold a total of 25 million Apple TVs up to that point.[190]

4th generation

In the January 27, 2016, Apple earnings call, CEO Tim Cook stated that the Apple TV had record sales. However, no specific sales figures were mentioned; Apple TV is included in an "Other products" category, which also includes the Apple Watch, iPods, and Beats products, and is not broken down by individual products.[191]

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Footnotes

  1. ^ Supports up to two-channel stereo unless otherwise noted.

External links

7plus

7plus is a video on demand, catch-up TV service run by the Seven Network. The service became available on 27 November 2017. 7plus also offers online live streaming of Channel Seven, 7TWO, 7mate, 7flix, 7food network and Racing.com.

7plus is available across several platforms including Web, iOS and Android apps, FreeviewPlus certified TVs, Apple TV 4th Gen+, Fetch TV, Telstra TV, Chromecast, Android TV, Samsung TV, Sony Linux TV and PlayStation 4.

App Store (tvOS)

The App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for tvOS apps on its Apple TV digital media player. It was announced on September 9, 2015 at the Apple September 2015 event, alongside the 4th generation Apple TV.

Apple A4

The Apple A4 is a 32-bit package on package (PoP) system-on-a-chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. and manufactured by Samsung. It combines an ARM Cortex-A8 CPU with a PowerVR GPU, and emphasizes power efficiency. The chip commercially debuted with the release of Apple's iPad tablet; followed shortly by the iPhone 4 smartphone, the iPod Touch (4th generation), and the Apple TV (2nd generation). It was superseded by the Apple A5 processor used in the iPad 2 released the following year, which was then subsequently replaced by the Apple A5X processor in the iPad (3rd generation).

Apple A5

The Apple A5 is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip designed by Apple Inc. and manufactured by Samsung and is the successor to the Apple A4. The A5 commercially debuted with the release of Apple's iPad 2 tablet, and also powers the iPhone 4S, iPod Touch fifth generation, Apple TV third generation, and the iPad mini first generation. This is consistent with how Apple debuted the A4 chip: first in the original iPad, followed by the iPhone 4, and then the iPod Touch (fourth generation). Apple claims that compared to its predecessor, the A4, the A5 CPU "can do twice the work" and the GPU has "up to nine times the graphics performance".

Apple Inc.

Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services. It is considered one of the Big Four of technology along with Amazon, Google, and Facebook.The company's hardware products include the iPhone smartphone, the iPad tablet computer, the Mac personal computer, the iPod portable media player, the Apple Watch smartwatch, the Apple TV digital media player, and the HomePod smart speaker. Apple's software includes the macOS and iOS operating systems, the iTunes media player, the Safari web browser, and the iLife and iWork creativity and productivity suites, as well as professional applications like Final Cut Pro, Logic Pro, and Xcode. Its online services include the iTunes Store, the iOS App Store, Mac App Store, Apple Music, Apple TV+, iMessage, and iCloud. Other services include Apple Store, Genius Bar, AppleCare, Apple Pay, Apple Pay Cash, and Apple Card.

Apple was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in April 1976 to develop and sell Wozniak's Apple I personal computer, though Wayne sold his share back within 12 days. It was incorporated as Apple Computer, Inc., in January 1977, and sales of its computers, including the Apple II, grew quickly. Within a few years, Jobs and Wozniak had hired a staff of computer designers and had a production line. Apple went public in 1980 to instant financial success. Over the next few years, Apple shipped new computers featuring innovative graphical user interfaces, such as the original Macintosh in 1984, and Apple's marketing advertisements for its products received widespread critical acclaim. However, the high price of its products and limited application library caused problems, as did power struggles between executives. In 1985, Wozniak departed Apple amicably and remained an honorary employee, while Jobs and others resigned to found NeXT.As the market for personal computers expanded and evolved through the 1990s, Apple lost market share to the lower-priced duopoly of Microsoft Windows on Intel PC clones. The board recruited CEO Gil Amelio to what would be a 500-day charge for him to rehabilitate the financially troubled company—reshaping it with layoffs, executive restructuring, and product focus. In 1997, he led Apple to buy NeXT, solving the desperately failed operating system strategy and bringing Jobs back. Jobs pensively regained leadership status, becoming CEO in 2000. Apple swiftly returned to profitability under the revitalizing Think different campaign, as he rebuilt Apple's status by launching the iMac in 1998, opening the retail chain of Apple Stores in 2001, and acquiring numerous companies to broaden the software portfolio. In January 2007, Jobs renamed the company Apple Inc., reflecting its shifted focus toward consumer electronics, and launched the iPhone to great critical acclaim and financial success. In August 2011, Jobs resigned as CEO due to health complications, and Tim Cook became the new CEO. Two months later, Jobs died, marking the end of an era for the company.

Apple is well known for its size and revenues. Its worldwide annual revenue totaled $265 billion for the 2018 fiscal year. Apple is the world's largest information technology company by revenue and the world's third-largest mobile phone manufacturer after Samsung and Huawei. In August 2018, Apple became the first public U.S. company to be valued at over $1 trillion. The company employs 123,000 full-time employees and maintains 504 retail stores in 24 countries as of 2018. It operates the iTunes Store, which is the world's largest music retailer. As of January 2018, more than 1.3 billion Apple products are actively in use worldwide. The company also has a high level of brand loyalty and is ranked as the world's most valuable brand. However, Apple receives significant criticism regarding the labor practices of its contractors, its environmental practices and unethical business practices, including anti-competitive behavior, as well as the origins of source materials.

Apple Remote

The Apple Remote is a remote control device released in or after October 2005 by Apple Inc. for use with a number of its products which use infrared capabilities. The device was originally designed to interact with the Front Row media program on the iSight iMac G5 and is compatible with some later desktop and portable Macintosh computers. The first three generations of Apple TV used the Apple Remote as their primary control mechanism. It has now been replaced with the Siri Remote in the fourth generation. Prior to the Apple Remote, Apple produced several nameless IR remotes for products such as the Macintosh TV, TV tuner expansion boards, and the PowerCD drive.

Apple TV

Apple TV is a digital media player and microconsole developed and sold by Apple Inc. It is a small network appliance and entertainment device that can receive digital data such as music or video from specific sources and stream it to a television or other video display.

Apple TV is an HDMI-compliant source device. To use it for viewing, it has to be connected to an enhanced-definition or high-definition widescreen television via an HDMI cable. The device has no integrated controls and can only be controlled externally, either by an Apple Remote or Siri Remote control device (with which it is sold) using its infrared/Bluetooth capability, by the Apple TV Remote app (downloadable from App Store) on iOS devices, such as the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Apple Watch, using its Wi-Fi capability, or by some third-party infrared remotes.Its Wi-Fi capability is also used to receive digital content from various iOS apps using AirPlay or directly from the iTunes Store, which is then streamed to the TV. It also plays digital content from the iTunes Store, Netflix, Stan, Foxtel Now, Hulu, Now TV (UK only), SlingTV, PlayStation Vue, Amazon Prime Video, DirecTV, YouTube, Red Bull TV, and Vevo along with HBO Now, Showtime Anytime, Starz, and the TV Everywhere portals of several cable and broadcast networks, and the video subscription portals of all of the four major North American sports leagues: NFL TV app, MLB.tv, NBA League Pass, and NHL.tv. It plays content from any macOS or Windows computer running iTunes. Apple began to promote the Live Tune-In feature that allows the viewer to ask Siri to tune to live streams of CBS, ESPN, and Disney XD among many others that support Live Tune-In.

According to observers, Apple's March 2019 special event highlighted the company's reorientation of its focus away from the Apple TV hardware, which has lagged competitors with only 13% of U.S. connected TV market share, and apps on the set-top box, and instead turn toward higher revenue Apple-distributed video streaming that will be available even through competitors' devices, via the company's upcoming Apple TV+ original content service and Apple TV Channels a la carte premium video on demand subscription aggregating service.

Apple TV (software)

TV (officially known as the Apple TV app, or just the TV app) is a media player app developed by Apple Inc., originally exclusive to the namesake Apple TV microconsole and devices running iOS, and slated for 2019 offering on Mac computers, numerous smart television models, Roku devices, and Amazon Fire TV devices.It provides a listing of television shows available on video on demand applications from national broadcast networks. It also serves as a media player for television shows and films purchased in the iTunes Store, replacing the "Videos" application on earlier versions of iOS. The app was first introduced in the United States, preinstalled on tvOS 10.1 and iOS 10.2 on December 12, 2016. It was later introduced in Australia and Canada in tvOS 11 and iOS 11, on September 19, 2017. And introduced later on Brazil and Mexico in iOS 11.3, on March 30, 2018.

With updates slated for release in 2019, the app will also function as a central hub for Apple's Apple TV+ service, featuring original content created by Apple and its partners, and its Apple TV Channels service, which will aggregate a la carte video on demand content from popular subscription services including HBO and Showtime.

Apple TV Channels

Apple TV Channels is a service of Apple Inc. that aggregates content from popular over the top video on demand a la carte subscription services. First revealed in March 2019, it is designed to simplify the process of subscribing to and viewing that content by making those services purchasable and accessible in one video content hub, so the consumer need not use each service's own sign-up mechanism or view the content through each service's own app or website. The payment method can also be centralized through Apple's own billing service.Because the content is from paid subscription services, it will be ad-free. Content can also be downloaded to the device for offline viewing, and there is an option to share accounts within families.The service is designed to compete with Amazon's Prime Video Amazon Channels service, which similarly makes multiple subscription premium networks available in one location.It can be accessed through Apple's Apple TV app, which is available for the Apple TV microconsole and iOS devices, and is slated for 2019 offering on Mac computers, numerous smart television models, Roku devices, and Amazon Fire TV devices.Apple TV Channels, along with the simultaneously announced Apple TV+ over-the-top ad-free subscription web television service, is part of the company's concerted effort to expand its service revenues by making recurring monthly charge distributed video content available widely to the public.Major partners announced include Showtime, HBO, Epix, and CBS All Access. The broad reach of the 1.4 billion Apple devices in use globally, including 900 million iPhones, induced major services, some of which already have their own content distribution systems, to make deals with Apple.Netflix declined to be involved with the service, with Netflix CEO Reed Hastings saying that Netflix chose not to integrate its service's programming into Apple TV Channels because "we prefer to have our customers watch our content in our service." Viewers might be unaware that the content they were viewing was created or distributed by Netflix, and Netflix would have received little or no data about persons viewing and subscribing to Netflix via Apple TV Channels.The CEO of AT&T, Randall Stephenson, during an on-stage discussion with CNBC's Andrew Ross Sorkin at a fintech event, pushed back on the suggestion that content providers, like AT&T's HBO – which currently supports tvOS and iOS via HBO Go and HBO Now, that make their video available through Apple TV Channels would "not have the same level of access to the data", to "see what everybody's really watching and be able to make certain decisions", by insisting that AT&T's digital distribution deals provide it "access to data ... critical to advertising delivery, [ ] critical to marketing".

Front Row (software)

Front Row is a discontinued media center software application for Apple's Macintosh computers and Apple TV for navigating and viewing video, photos, podcasts, and music from a computer, optical disc, or the Internet through a 10-foot user interface (similar to Kodi and Windows Media Center). The software relies on iTunes and iPhoto and is controlled by an Apple Remote or the keyboard function keys. The first version was released October 2005, with two major revisions since. Front Row was removed and discontinued in Mac OS X 10.7.

Hotstar

Hotstar is an Indian digital and mobile entertainment platform launched on February 6, 2015 by Star India. It is owned by Novi Digital Entertainment, a subsidiary of Star India, which itself is a wholly owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company India. It provides streaming media and video-on-demand services and is available on web, Android, iOS, FireTV, and Apple TV platforms.

IOS 5

iOS 5 is the fifth major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 4. It was announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 6, 2011, and was released on October 12, 2011. It was succeeded by iOS 6 on September 19, 2012.iOS 5 revamped notifications, adding temporary banners that appear at the top of screen and introducing the Notification Center, a central location for all recent notifications. The operating system also added iCloud, Apple's cloud storage service for synchronization of content and data across iCloud-enabled devices, and iMessage, Apple's instant messaging service. For the first time, system software updates can be installed wirelessly, without requiring a computer and iTunes. iOS 5 also featured deep integration with Twitter, introduced multitasking gestures on iPads, and added an easily accessible camera shortcut from the lock screen.

iOS 5 was the subject of criticism for iPhone 4S users, as the initial release had poor battery life, failures of SIM cards, and echoes during phone calls. These problems were fixed in subsequent releases.

ITunes Remote

iTunes Remote (also known simply as Remote) is a software application developed by Apple Inc. for iOS devices that allows for remote control of Apple TV or iTunes library in an area with Wi-Fi connectivity using the proprietary Digital Audio Control Protocol (DACP). It is currently available as a free download from the App Store for iOS devices such as iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Apple Watch.

List of Apple operating systems

The following is a list of operating systems released by Apple Inc.

List of microconsoles

This is a list of microconsoles from the first created to the present, in chronological order.

The microconsole market started in the seventh generation era of video game consoles, and this market has quickly grown during the eighth generation era of gaming consoles, at the same time as other types of video game consoles.

Siri Remote

The Siri Remote is a remote control device released in tandem with the fourth generation Apple TV at an Apple Keynote Address by CEO Tim Cook on October 26, 2015 by Apple Inc. It is designed specifically to work with the always-on Siri capable Apple TV. The device is the successor of the original Apple Remote.

The Siri Remote is distinguished by a trackpad covering the upper third of the remote. The touch surface allows for clicking, swiping in either of four directions for navigation, and tilting the trackpad button in any direction to "tilt" buttons in the interface. On September 12, 2017 Apple released a modified Siri Remote with a white outline around the menu button, included with Apple TV 4K and available individually, and reduced the retail price to $59 from the original $79.

Stirr

Stirr is a free, ad-supported streaming service owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group available through a website and apps for iOS, Android devices and various streaming TV devices, including Amazon Fire TV, Apple TV and Roku.

TvOS

tvOS is an operating system developed by Apple Inc. for the 4th generation and later Apple TV digital media player. tvOS was announced on September 9, 2015 at the Apple September 2015 event, alongside the 4th generation Apple TV. On October 29, 2015, 4th generation Apple TV pre-orders began, and shipments began the following week.tvOS is extensively based on iOS whereas the system software for the 2nd and 3rd generation Apple TV were based on stripped-down versions of iOS. The 4th generation Apple TV, with support for third-party software via an App Store, was rumored prior to the Apple September 2015 Event held on September 9, 2015.

Willow (TV channel)

WILLOW (Willow Cricket and Willow Extra) is an American pay television sports channel which is completely devoted to airing overseas cricket events, including live and recorded matches and other cricket-related programming in English, with the majority of its advertising targeted towards the Indian subcontinent diaspora in North America. The network is carried both as a traditional cable channel which airs on cable and satellite systems, and a paid streaming service available through Willow's website with a personal computer, along with iOS and Android devices, including Apple TV, in addition to Roku.

The network was launched on September 21, 2010 and broadcasts cricket matches and several cricket-based programs and coverage from around the world. The channel merged with NEO Cricket's American network in February 2013 as that provider drew down their American operations with the Willow name remaining.Willow's cable channel is available via satellite provider DISH Network, which is available both a la carte and bundled in various South Asian language packs on DISH. It is also available on cable systems like Comcast, Optimum, Spectrum and Cox, varying between extended sports packages or offered with other South Asian networks.

Willow Extra is only available on Dish (channel 722) and Sling tv streaming media only.

Willow has operated an Internet portal for live streaming of cricket events at willow.tv since 2010 for a monthly subscription fee. Willow has driven various innovations in the coverage of cricket, like video-based live scorecards and editorials. The website provides subscribers with video streams available on laptops, smartphones and tablets, plus web-connected devices like Roku, Boxee, GoogleTV, Samsung's Internet@TV and PlayStation 3. A dedicated app for Willow was added for Apple TV on June 24, 2014. TV Everywhere access to the network's live feed on most devices was added for subscribers to cable and satellite services, in time for IPL 11.

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