The Level 4 microcirculation Apolong bus commenced mass production in 2017.It is manufactured by a consortium consisting of Baidu, Kinglong and SB Drive (a subsidiary of Softbank). The driverless bus does not have a steering wheel, accelerator or brake, travels at speeds of 20 to 40 kmph and is able to sense and predict movement of pedestrians and vehicles in its vicinity. It uses Apollo 3.0, Baidu's open source driverless operating platform.
|Apollo (Apolong 阿波龙)|
|Body and chassis|
In 2013, Baidu commenced development of autonomous driverless vehicles, through the baidu research institute. This project gradually expanded to including 10,000 developers workign on an open platform, and more than 50 partners across the world, including Intel, BMW, Benz, Kinglong and XTE. On 5 July 2017, Bloomberg reported that Baidu had negotiated 50 partners to sign in for the development and purchase of the new unmanned buses.
In 2017, China Daily reported that four Apolong buses were planned for test rides on two bus routes in Shenzhen. In August 2017, an early version of the autonomous vehicle was unveiled at GoMentum, USA. In July 2018, at Baidu Createfest 2018 held in Beijing, Baidu and King Long unveiled the latest version of Apolong. They announced plans of using these buses in specific regions of Wuhan, Xiamen, Shenzhen, Beijing, Wuhan and Pingtan. In July 2018, China org reported that test drives had been carried out in Chongqing and Fujian. In July 2018, Xinhua and New Atlas reported that the buses had commenced mass production as the 100th Apolong bus was rolled out. The bus was first opened to an international audience in November 2018 at the Shanghai World Expo, where 1600 participants from 72 countries were ushered to the venue in Apolong buses.
Apolong buses can seat 14 people, are guided through cloud technology, have a wheel span of 4.3 meters, are SAE level 4 capable, and can seat 8 people and 6 standees. It uses the Kunlun microchip developed by Baidu.
Baidu, Inc. (Chinese: 百度; pinyin: Bǎidù, anglicized BY-doo) is a Chinese multinational technology company specializing in Internet-related services and products and artificial intelligence (AI), headquartered in Beijing's Haidian District. It is one of the largest AI and internet companies in the world. The holding company of the group is incorporated in the Cayman Islands. Baidu was incorporated in January 2000 by Robin Li and Eric Xu. Baidu is currently ranked 4th overall in the Alexa Internet rankings.Baidu's Global Business Unit, formed under the name of DU Group or DU Apps Studio, is an app developer with various apps and services. It has over 2 billion active users worldwide. Baidu also provides an official international and Chinese version of its online digital distribution services Baidu App Store and Shouji Baidu respectively, both hosting downloadable content and applications. Baidu's advertisement platform is DU Ad Platform.
Baidu's Apollo Project is one of the world's leading autonomous driving and AI programs, with one of the largest partner ecosystems and over 100 global partners as of 2018, including BYD, Dongfeng, Microsoft, Intel, Nvidia, Daimler AG, ZTE, Grab, Ford, Hyundai and Honda.Baidu has the second largest search engine in the world, and held a 76.05% market share in China's search engine market. In December 2007, Baidu became the first Chinese company to be included in the NASDAQ-100 index. As of May 2018, Baidu's market cap rose to US$99 billion. In October 2018, Baidu became the first Chinese firm to join the United States-based computer ethics consortium Partnership on AI.List of lakes of the Philippines
The origin of most of the lakes in the Philippines is closely related to volcanic and tectonic activity. A number of smaller lakes occupy the craters of extinct volcanoes. Some lake basins are developed by subsidence due to tectonic or volcanic activity. Others owe their existence to obstruction of drainage courses by landslides, lava flows and by fragmental volcanic ejecta.
Among the lakes which are known in the Philippines only three, namely, Laguna de Bay in Luzon, Taal Lake in Luzon, and Lake Lanao in Mindanao, stand out prominently because of their size or economic importance.Mount Talinis
Mount Talinis, also known as the Cuernos de Negros (Horns of Negros), is a complex volcano in the Philippine province of Negros Oriental. At about 1,903 metres (6,243 ft) above sea level, it is the second highest mountain on Negros Island after Mount Kanlaon. The volcano is located 9 km (5.6 mi) southwest of the municipality of Valencia; and 20 km (12 mi) from Dumaguete City, the capital of the province.Valencia, Negros Oriental
Valencia, officially the Municipality of Valencia, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Negros Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 34,852 people.It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) west of Dumaguete City, the most populated city and capital of the province. The municipality was voted as "the greenest and cleanest" town of Negros Oriental in 2007.Our Lady of the Abandoned is the patroness of Valencia, and her feast day is celebrated annually every October 12 with the town fiesta. The fiesta is an official non-working holiday for the town.Vehicular automation
Vehicular automation involves the use of mechatronics, artificial intelligence, and multi-agent system to assist a vehicle's operator. These features and the vehicles employing them may be labeled as intelligent or smart. A vehicle using automation for difficult tasks, especially navigation, may be referred to as semi-autonomous. A vehicle relying solely on automation is consequently referred to as robotic or autonomous. After the invention of the integrated circuit, the sophistication of automation technology increased. Manufacturers and researchers subsequently added a variety of automated functions to automobiles and other vehicles.