Anything Goes

Anything Goes is a 1934 musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter. The original book was a collaborative effort by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse, heavily revised by the team of Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse.[1] The story concerns madcap antics aboard an ocean liner bound from New York to London. Billy Crocker is a stowaway in love with heiress Hope Harcourt, who is engaged to Lord Evelyn Oakleigh. Nightclub singer Reno Sweeney and Public Enemy #13, “Moonface” Martin, aid Billy in his quest to win Hope. The musical introduced such songs as "Anything Goes", "You're the Top", and "I Get a Kick Out of You."

Since its 1934 debut at the Alvin Theatre (now known as the Neil Simon Theatre) on Broadway, the musical has been revived several times in the United States and Britain and has been filmed twice. The musical has long been a popular choice for school and community productions.[2]

Anything Goes
Anything goes original sheet music
Sheet music from original Broadway production Anything Goes
MusicCole Porter
LyricsCole Porter
BookGuy Bolton
P. G. Wodehouse
Productions1934 Broadway
1935 West End
1936 Film version
1954 Television version
1956 Film version
1962 Off-Broadway
1987 Broadway Revival
1989 West End Revival
2003 West End Revival
2011 Broadway Revival
2012 National Tour
2013 Buenos Aires
2015 UK National Tour
2015 Australian National Tour
AwardsTony Award for Best Revival
Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Revival of a Musical

History

The original idea for a musical set on board an ocean liner came from producer Vinton Freedley, who was living on a boat, having left the US to avoid his creditors.[3] He selected the writing team, P. G. Wodehouse and Guy Bolton, and the star, Ethel Merman. The first draft of the show was called Crazy Week, which became Hard to Get, and finally Anything Goes. The original plot involved a bomb threat, a shipwreck, and human trafficking on a desert island,[4] but, just a few weeks before the show was due to open, a fire on board the passenger ship SS Morro Castle caused the deaths of 138 passengers and crew members. According to one version,[5] Freedley judged that to proceed with a show on a similar subject would be in dubious taste, and he insisted on changes to the script. However, theatre historian Lee Davis maintains that Freedley wanted the script changed because it was "a hopeless mess."[6] Bolton and Wodehouse were in England at the time and were thus no longer available, so Freedley turned to his director, Howard Lindsay, to write a new book.[4] Lindsay recruited press agent Russel Crouse as his collaborator, beginning a lifelong writing partnership.[4] The roles of Billy Crocker and Moonface Martin were written for the well-known comedy team William Gaxton and Victor Moore, and Gaxton's talent for assuming various disguises was featured in the libretto.

Porter wrote the majority of Anything Goes in the Rosecliff mansion in Newport, Rhode Island, while staying as a houseguest there.

Synopsis

Four versions of the libretto of Anything Goes exist: the original 1934 libretto, the 1962 off-Broadway revival libretto, the 1987 revival libretto, and the 2011 revival libretto. The story has been revised, though all involve similar romantic complications aboard the SS American and feature the same major characters. The score has been altered, with some songs cut and others reassigned to different scenes and characters, and augmented with various Porter songs from other shows.

Original 1934 libretto

Act I

Billy Crocker, a young Wall Street broker, has fallen in love at first sight with a beautiful girl he met in a taxi. His boss, Elisha J. Whitney, is preparing to make a business deal and is going to travel to London aboard the SS American. Evangelist turned nightclub singer Reno Sweeney will be traveling aboard the same ship. Billy sees Reno as a friend, but she obviously has feelings for him ("I Get A Kick Out of You"). Billy goes to the dock to say farewell to his boss and Reno ("Bon Voyage"), and glimpses the mysterious girl again. He learns that she is heiress Hope Harcourt and, escorted by her mother, Mrs. Harcourt, is on her way to England with her fiancé Lord Evelyn Oakleigh, a handsome but stuffy and hapless British nobleman. Billy stows away on the ship in hopes of winning Hope's heart. "Moonface" Martin, a second-rate gangster labeled "Public Enemy 13," and his girlfriend, Bonnie, have disguised themselves as a minister and a missionary and, innocently aided by Billy, board the ship under their assumed identities, stranding the ship's real chaplain back at the port. Moonface and Bonnie mistakenly leave behind their leader, "Snake Eyes" Johnson, Public Enemy 1.

To thank Billy, Bonnie and Moonface let him have Snake Eyes Johnson's passport and ticket without telling him to whom they belong. Billy cons Evelyn into leaving him alone with Hope, by convincing him he is very ill. When he goes to get some air, Billy and Hope meet again, and it turns out she has been unable to stop thinking about him as well ("All Through The Night"). Though Hope prefers Billy, she insists she must marry Evelyn, though she gives no reason. Unbeknownst to Billy, her family's company is in financial trouble and a marriage to Evelyn would promote a merger and save it. The ship's crew gets a cable from New York saying that Public Enemy 1 is on board. Moonface admits his true identity to Billy and he and Bonnie conspire to disguise Billy as a crew member since he is now presumed to be Snake Eyes Johnson.

A quartet of lovelorn sailors comfort themselves with the thought of romance when they reach shore ("There'll Always Be a Lady Fair"). On deck, Bonnie lures the sailors to her ("Where Are The Men?"), then steals the clothes of one of the men for Billy.

Hope discusses her impending marriage with Evelyn and discovers that he is not particularly pleased with the engagement either. Billy asks Reno to help separate Evelyn and Hope, and she agrees. Billy and Reno reaffirm their friendship, ("You're the Top"). Reno tries to charm Evelyn, she succeeds, and he invites her for a drink in his cabin. She and Moon plot that Moon should burst into the cabin and discover Reno half-naked in Evelyn's arms, providing sufficient reason for breaking off the engagement. However, when Moon breaks into the room, machine gun in tow, he instead sees Reno fully dressed and Evelyn nearly undressed. Moon tries to invent some indecent explanation for the situation, but Evelyn insists that he would be quite pleased by any rumor depicting him as a passionate lover, especially if Hope heard it. Moon admits that the plot has failed.

The crew discover that Billy is not a sailor, and Moon and Reno create a new disguise for him from a stolen pair of trousers, a jacket taken from a drunken passenger, and hair cut from Mrs. Harcourt's Pomeranian and made into a beard. Reno tells Billy that Evelyn has kissed her, and she is sure she will be Lady Oakleigh soon, since love moves so quickly these days ("Anything Goes"). Mrs. Harcourt, recognizing her dog's hair, angrily pulls off Billy's beard and the crew and passengers realize he must be the wanted man. As Snake Eyes Johnson, Billy is an instant celebrity.

Act II

Billy is honored by both crew and passengers as "Public Enemy Number One." He tells the Captain that Moon (who is still disguised as a minister) is helping him reform from his wicked ways. Moon is asked to lead a revival in the ship's lounge. The passengers confess their sins to the "Reverend", and Lord Evelyn admits to a one-night stand with a young Chinese woman, Plum Blossom. Hope is not impressed with Billy's charade, and to please her, he confesses to everyone that he is not really Snake Eyes Johnson. Moon attempts to compensate by revealing that he is not a minister; he is Public Enemy Number Thirteen. The captain sends them both to the brig. Reno restores the mood of the Revival ("Blow, Gabriel Blow").

Moon tries to cheer Billy up ("Be Like the Bluebird"). Billy doubts he will ever see Hope again; he and Moon cannot leave their cell until they return to America. Their card-playing Chinese cellmates, imprisoned for conning all the third class passengers out of their money, will be put ashore in England. Moon and Billy challenge them to a game of strip poker, win their clothes, and disguise themselves again.

Billy, Moon, and Reno show up at the Oakleigh estate in Chinese garb. Billy and Moon tell Oakleigh's uncle that they are the parents of "Plum Blossom" and threaten to publicize Evelyn's indiscretion if he does not marry her. Oakleigh offers to buy them off and Moon gleefully accepts the cash, much to Billy and Reno's chagrin.

Billy and Reno find Hope and Evelyn, who are both unhappy with the prospect of their matrimony. Hope declares that she desperately wants to marry Billy ("The Gypsy in Me"). Billy spots Whitney and finally learns that Evelyn and Hope's planned marriage is really an awkward business merger. Billy realises that Oakleigh is manipulating them all; Hope's company is really worth millions and Billy informs Whitney of that fact. Whitney offers to buy the firm from Hope at an exorbitant price, and she accepts. The marriage is called off since a merger is now impossible. Billy and Hope get married, as do Reno and Evelyn. A cable from the U.S. government fixes Billy's passport problems and declares Moon "harmless." Moon indignantly pockets Oakleigh's check and refuses to return it.

Characters

  • Reno Sweeney — An evangelist turned nightclub singer and an old friend of Billy's
  • Billy Crocker — a young Wall Street broker in love with Hope
  • Hope Harcourt — An American debutante
  • Moonface Martin — a second-rate gangster, "Public Enemy Number 13"
  • Lord Evelyn Oakleigh — Hope's wealthy and stuffy English fiancé
  • Mrs. Evangeline Harcourt — Hope's haughty and overbearing mother
  • Bonnie/Erma — Moonface's girlfriend (1934 original), Snake Eyes' girlfriend and Moonface's friend (2011 revival)
  • Elisha J. Whitney — Ivy league Wall Street banker, Billy's boss.
  • Reno's Angels (Purity, Chastity, Charity and Virtue). (1934 original and 1962 revival / 2002 concert and 2011 revival) - Reno's backing singers.
  • Ritz Quartette (1934 original) / Lady Fair Quartet (1987 revival)
  • Ching and Ling ("Luke" and "John" in the 1987 revival and 2002 concert) — Two Chinese 'converts' and reformed gamblers who accompany Bishop Henry T. Dobson
  • Captain, Steward, Purser on the ship
  • The Right Reverend Bishop Henry T. Dobson
  • Ship's crew, Passengers, Reporters, Photographers and F.B.I. Agents

Musical numbers

Act 1
  • "Overture" – Orchestra
  • "I Get a Kick Out of You" – Reno Sweeney
  • "(There's No Cure Like Travel)/Bon Voyage" – Sailor, Girl and Ship's Crew and Company
  • "All Through the Night" (in Act II in 1962, 1987, 2011 revivals) – Billy Crocker, Hope Harcourt and Men
  • "You'd Be So Easy to Love" (cut in 1934, reinstated for 1987 and 2011 revivals, as "Easy to Love") – Billy Crocker
  • "I Want to Row on the Crew" (only in 1987, called "The Crew Song" in 2011 revival) – Elisha J. Whitney
  • "Sailor's Shanty (There'll Always Be A Lady Fair)" (not in 1962) – Quartet
  • "Where Are the Men?" (replaced by "heaven hop") – Bonnie
  • "You're the Top" – Reno Sweeney and Billy Crocker
  • "Waltz Down the Aisle" (1934 - cut out of town) – Billy Crocker and Hope Harcourt
  • "Friendship" (first in 1962 revival) – Reno Sweeney and Moonface Martin (Also Billy in 1962)
  • "It's De-Lovely" (first in 1962 revival) – Billy Crocker and Hope Harcourt
  • "Anything Goes" – Reno Sweeney and Company
Act 2
  • "Entr'acte" – Orchestra
  • "Public Enemy Number One" – Captain, Purser, Company
  • "Let's Step Out" (only in 1962 revival) – Bonnie
  • "What a Joy to be Young" (only in 1934, cut before Broadway premiere) – Hope Harcourt
  • "Let's Misbehave" (only in 1962 off-Broadway revival) – Reno and Sir Evelyn
  • "Blow, Gabriel, Blow" – Reno Sweeney and Company (Immediately follows "Public Enemy Number One in 1987, 2011 revivals)
  • "Goodbye, Little Dream, Goodbye" (in 1987, 2011 revivals) – Hope Harcourt
  • "Be Like the Bluebird" – Moonface Martin
  • "All Through the Night" (Reprise, not included in 1987, 2011) – Billy Crocker, Hope Harcourt
  • "Gypsy in Me" – Hope Harcourt (Lord Evelyn Oakleigh in 1987, 2011)
  • "Buddie, Beware" – Reno Sweeney (Erma and Sailors in 1987, 2011)
  • "Take Me Back to Manhattan" (only in 1962 revival) – Reno Sweeney
  • "Finale (I Get a Kick Out of You)" (replaced "Buddie Beware" during 1934 run, replaced in 2011 revival with a song to the tune of "It's De-Lovely") – Reno Sweeney and Ensemble
This chart shows all songs that were performed; placement of the songs varied. Source: Internet Broadway Database listing[7]
1934 Original 1962 off-Broadway Revival 1987 and 2011 Revivals
"I Get a Kick Out of You"
Reno expresses her love to Billy in the bar at the beginning of Scene 1, reprised later near the show's end. The song is sung towards the end of Act 1, when Reno realizes she is in love with Evelyn. Same as 1934.
"(There's No Cure Like Travel) Bon Voyage"
The Sailors and guests board the ship, ready to depart, singing the "Bon Voyage" section of the song, but with no "There's No Cure Like Travel" portion. Same as 1934. The complete song is sung. ("There's No Cure Like Travel" was written for 1934, but later cut).
"You'd Be So Easy to Love"
Written for 1934, but cut during rehearsals. N/A Here, Billy makes an advance on Hope. Although she turns him away, she secretly agrees with him.
"The Crew Song"
N/A N/A Originally written for a 1914 college show, Paranoia. Elisha J. Whitney prepares for a date with Mrs. Evangeline Harcourt and sings about his Yale days.
"Sailor's Chanty (There'll Always Be A Lady Fair)"
Sung by sailors during a scene change, and later reprised. N/A (however, an instrumental version of the song can be heard in the overture) Same as 1934, with fewer verses and no reprise.
"Heaven Hop"
N/A Originally written for Paris, Bonnie attracts a group of sailors. N/A
"Where Are the Men?"
Bonnie attracts a group of sailors. Replaced by "Heaven Hop". N/A
"You're the Top"
Billy convinces Reno to help him win Hope's heart (where "Friendship" would go in the revivals). There is also an encore of the song, totaling approximately six minutes. Sung at the beginning of the show in place of "I Get a Kick Out of You" with fewer verses. Sung as a pep-talk from Reno to a discouraged Billy.
"Friendship"
N/A Originally written for DuBarry Was a Lady; Reno, Billy, and Moonface sing about their strong bond Similar to 1962, but only Reno and Moonface sing, and some alternate lyrics
"It's De-Lovely"
N/A Originally written for Red, Hot and Blue; Billy and Hope have a romantic moment where "All Through the Night" was in 1934 and "You'd Be So Easy to Love" was in 1987. They are joined by the sailors and women of the ship. Sung later in the musical, near the Act I Finale. The sailors and women do not join in, and there is an extended dance sequence in the middle.
"Anything Goes"
Sung by Reno before the Act I Finale when she considers marrying Evelyn. Ended Act I and sung about Billy as Snake Eyes, as well as Evelyn. Contained alternate lyrics. Similar to 1962, but only about Billy as Snake Eyes, with more alternate lyrics. The 2011 version adds a verse not heard since 1962: "They think he's gangster number one, so they've made him their favorite son, and that goes to show: Anything Goes!"
"Act I Finale"
Whereas the revivals ended the act with "Anything Goes", the 1934 original had a scene where Hope rejects Billy, who is posing as Snake Eyes. Reno and Moonface try to cheer him up with a reprise of "You're the Top", to no avail. Billy is the hero of the ship to everyone but the girl he really wants. Replaced by "Anything Goes". Replaced by "Anything Goes".
"Public Enemy Number One"
After a marching-style intro by the sailor quartet, the song turns into a mock-hymn to Billy. The opening verse is cut, leaving only the hymn, sung a cappella style with no instrumentals, unlike the other versions. The introduction is back, sung by the Captain and Purser instead of the sailors, and also shortened a bit.
"Let's Step Out"
N/A Originally written for Fifty Million Frenchmen. Bonnie arouses the passengers after the "Public Enemy Number One" with a dance number. N/A
"What a Joy to be Young"
A heartbroken Hope sings about how she preferred herself back when she was ignorant, but blissful. Cut during out-of-town tryouts. N/A N/A
"Let's Misbehave"
N/A Originally written for Paris; realizing Billy is beyond her reach Reno sets her sights on Evelyn as he realizes he's not in love with Hope. N/A
"Blow, Gabriel, Blow"
Sung by Reno to cheer everyone up after Billy is arrested as an impostor. Same as 1934. Sung before Billy is arrested, as part of Reno's "sermon."
"Goodbye, Little Dream, Goodbye"
N/A N/A Originally written for Born to Dance, dropped from Red, Hot and Blue, first appears in O Mistress Mine. Sung by Hope after Billy is arrested, in which she realizes she's in love too late. An introductory verse absent in the 1987 revival was reinstated for the 2011 revival.
"Be Like the Bluebird"
Sung by Moonface to cheer up Billy in the brig. Same as 1934 (missing a verse), but sung after "All Through the Night". Same as 1934 (missing a verse).
"All Through the Night"
Sung by Billy and Hope on deck early in the show, where "It's De-Lovely" and "You'd Be So Easy to Love" went in revivals, with a chorus. Reprised when Hope visits Billy in the brig. Same as the 1934 reprise. Same as 1962, but with only Billy singing, complete with chorus.
"Gypsy in Me"
Sung by Hope, letting her wild side out after Reno tells her that Billy will fight for her. N/A Now sung by Evelyn, turning into a comic song and dance number, and adding to the plot about his family's disturbing secret.
"Take Me Back to Manhattan"
N/A Originally written for The New Yorkers. Sung by a homesick Reno and her Angels. N/A
"Buddie Beware"
Sung by Reno during a scene change about her problems with men, replaced in later runs with a reprise of "I Get a Kick Out of You". N/A Sung by Erma to the sailors who are in love with her. Fewer verses.
"Finale"
Reprises of "You're the Top" and "Anything Goes". Same as 1934 Reprises of "I Get a Kick Out of You" and "Anything Goes". In the 2011 revival, the cast sings reprises of "It's De-Lovely" and "Anything Goes".

Productions

Broadway

The musical had a tryout in Colonial Theatre (Boston), before opening on Broadway at the Alvin Theatre on November 21, 1934. It ran for 420 performances, becoming the fourth longest-running musical of the 1930s, despite the impact of the Great Depression on Broadway patrons' disposable income. Directed by Howard Lindsay with choreography by Robert Alton and sets by Donald Oenslager, it starred Ethel Merman as Reno Sweeney, William Gaxton as Billy Crocker and Victor Moore as Moonface Martin.

West End

Charles B. Cochran, a British theatrical manager had bought the London performance rights during the show's Boston run,[5] and he produced it at the West End's Palace Theatre. The musical opened on June 14, 1935 and ran for 261 performances. The cast included Jeanne Aubert as Reno Sweeney (the name changed to Reno La Grange, to suit Aubert's French background), Sydney Howard as Moonface Martin and Jack Whiting as Billy Crocker. P. G. Wodehouse was engaged to replace the specifically American references in the book and lyrics with references more appropriate to an English audience.[8]

1962 Off-Broadway revival

The production was revived in an Off Broadway production in 1962, opening on May 15, 1962 at the Orpheum Theatre. It was directed by Lawrence Kasha with a cast that included Hal Linden as Billy Crocker, Kenneth Mars as Sir Evelyn, and Eileen Rodgers as Reno Sweeney. For this revival, the script was revised to incorporate several of the changes from the movie versions. Most changes revolved around the previously minor character Bonnie. This revision was also the first stage version of Anything Goes to incorporate several songs from other Porter shows: "Take Me Back to Manhattan" from The New Yorkers, 1930, "It's De-Lovely" from Red Hot and Blue, 1934, "Friendship" from DuBarry Was a Lady, 1939, and "Let's Misbehave" from Paris, 1928.

1987 Broadway revival

For the 1987 Broadway revival, John Weidman and Timothy Crouse (Russel's son) updated the book and re-ordered the musical numbers, using Cole Porter songs from other Porter shows, a practice which the composer often engaged in. The music was rescored for a 16-piece swing band, in the style of early Benny Goodman, instead of the earlier 28-piece orchestrations.[9] This production opened at the Vivian Beaumont Theater, in Lincoln Center, on October 19, 1987, and ran for 784 performances. With direction by Jerry Zaks and choreography by Michael Smuin, it starred Patti LuPone as Reno Sweeney, Howard McGillin as Billy, Bill McCutcheon as Moonface, and Anthony Heald as Lord Evelyn; Leslie Uggams and Linda Hart were replacement Renos. It was nominated for ten Tony Awards (including nominations for McGillin, LuPone, McCutcheon, and Heald), winning for Best Revival of a Musical, Best featured actor (McCutcheon), and Best Choreography. The production also won the Drama Desk Awards for Outstanding Revival of a Musical and LuPone won the Outstanding Actress award.

1989 West End revival

When British actress/singer Elaine Paige heard of the success of the 1987 Broadway production, she attended a performance of it and was determined to bring the show to London. To secure a place in the show's cast, Paige decided it was best she co-produced the show with her then partner, lyricist Tim Rice. The London production opened in July 1989 at the Prince Edward Theatre. Paige starred as Reno Sweeney[10](she was replaced later in the run by Louise Gold). The original cast also starred Howard McGillin as Billy Crocker[10] (who was replaced later in the show's run by John Barrowman),[11] Bernard Cribbins as Moonface and Kathryn Evans as Erma. The other principals included Ursula Smith, Martin Turner and Ashleigh Sendin.

Jerry Zaks again directed the production, with scenic and costume design by Tony Walton, lighting by Paul Gallo and sound by Tony Meola. The musical director was John Owen Edwards and the choreographer Michael Smuin.

The show transferred to Australia the same year and played in both Sydney and Melbourne starring Geraldine Turner in the role of Reno Sweeney.

2002 Concert

In April 2002, a one-night-only concert performance of the show was performed at the Vivian Beaumont Theater. Patti LuPone played Reno with Howard McGillin as Billy and Boyd Gaines as Lord Evelyn Oakleigh. LuPone and Gaines would later star together in the 2008 Broadway revival of Gypsy. The performance was directed and choreographed by Robert Longbottom with music supervision by David Chase and designs by Tony Walton.

2002-2003 London and West End revivals

The National Theatre revived the musical, which opened at the Olivier Theatre on December 18, 2002 and closed on March 22, 2003. The production then transferred to the West End at the Theatre Royal Drury Lane, running from September 26, 2003 (in previews) through August 28, 2004. Directed by Trevor Nunn, it starred Sally Ann Triplett, John Barrowman and Yao Chin, (who is now a TV reporter). A cast recording of this production is available.[12]

2011 Broadway revival

A revival of the 1987 Broadway rewrite opened on April 7, 2011 at the Stephen Sondheim Theatre, produced by the Roundabout Theatre Company. Previews began on March 10, 2011. This production was directed and choreographed by Kathleen Marshall with musical supervision by Rob Fisher, dance arrangements by David Chase and designs by Derek McLane and Martin Pakledinaz. This revival retains much of the 1987 orchestrations by Michael Gibson with some additions from arranger Bill Elliott.

The show's opening night cast featured Sutton Foster as Reno Sweeney, Joel Grey as Moonface Martin, Laura Osnes as Hope Harcourt, Jessica Walter as Evangeline Harcourt, Colin Donnell as Billy Crocker, Adam Godley as Sir Evelyn Oakleigh, John McMartin as Elisha Whitney, Jessica Stone as Erma,[13] Robert Creighton as Purser, Andrew Cao as Luke, Raymond J. Lee as John, and Walter Charles as the Captain.[14][15] The production was received generally very well by the critics and received a total of nine Tony Award nominations and ten Drama Desk Award nominations, including Best Actress in a Musical, Best Director of a Musical and Best Revival of a Musical. The revival won the Drama Desk Awards and Tony Awards for Best Revival and Best Choreography and Foster won the Drama Desk and Tony Awards for Best Actress in a Musical.[16]

A cast recording of this production became available as a digital download on August 23, 2011 and it arrived in stores on September 20, 2011.[17]

Stephanie J. Block took over for Sutton Foster as Reno Sweeney in a limited engagement (November 4–23, 2011) while Foster filmed a television pilot.[18][19] Block took over as Reno on March 15, 2012, as Foster left the musical to take a role in a television series.[20]

The production was originally scheduled to run through July 31, 2011, and was initially extended to April 29, 2012.[21] It was extended two more times before closing on July 8, 2012 after 521 regular performances and 32 previews.[22][23]

2012 US National tour

A U.S national tour began[24] in October 2012 at Playhouse Square in Cleveland, Ohio and will play more than 25 other major cities.[25] Rachel York plays Reno Sweeney.[26] Other cast-members include Fred Applegate as Moonface Martin, Erich Bergen as Billy Crocker, Jeff Brooks as Purser, Joyce Chittick as Erma, Alex Finke as Hope Harcourt, Dennis Kelly as Elisha Whitney, Vincent Rodriguez III as Luke, Marcus Shane as John, Sandra Shipley as Mrs. Evangeline Harcourt, Edward Staudenmayer as Sir Evelyn Oakleigh, and Chuck Wagner as the Captain.[27]

2015 UK Tour

A UK wide tour of the critically acclaimed Sheffield Theatres production was announced in the Summer of 2014. The production starts in the New Wimbledon Theatre January 29, 2015 and visits 32 venues in its nine-month run. The production stars Debbie Kurup (The Bodyguard)as Reno Sweeney and Matt Rawle (Evita) as Billy Crocker. Until April 4, 2015 Hugh Sachs (Benidorm) will star as Moonface Martin and Jane Wymark (Midsomer Murders) will star as Evangeline Harcourt. From the 6 April 2015 these roles will be played by Shaun Williamson (EastEnders) and Kate Anthony (Coronation Street) respectively.

2015 Australian revival

An Australian revival was announced in September 2014 with the cast led by Caroline O'Connor as Reno Sweeney with Todd McKenney, Alex Rathgeber, Claire Lyon, Wayne Scott Kermond and Alan Jones playing the Captain. Jones was replaced in Melbourne and Brisbane by Gerry Connolly. The revival, directed by Dean Bryant, played in Melbourne, Brisbane and Sydney sequentially running from June until November.

2016 Regional revival

A high-profile co-production between Gateway Playhouse (Bellport, New York) and Ogunquit Playhouse starred Andrea McArdle as Reno Sweeney, and Sally Struthers as Mrs. Harcourt. The production, which ran in May to June 4, 2016, featured the Derek McLane sets, and Martin Pakledinaz costumes that were created for the 2011 Broadway revival, which was produced by the Roundabout Theatre Company. The production was directed by Jayme McDaniel, and was choreographed by Jason Wise.[28]

Film versions

In 1936, Paramount Pictures turned Anything Goes into a movie musical. It starred Ethel Merman (again as Reno), with Bing Crosby in the role of Billy Crocker. Other cast members included Ida Lupino, Charles Ruggles, Arthur Treacher, and Grace Bradley. The director was Lewis Milestone. Among those contributing new songs were Hoagy Carmichael, Richard A. Whiting, Leo Robin, and Friedrich Hollaender.

The book was drastically rewritten for a second film version, also by Paramount, released in 1956. This movie again starred Bing Crosby (whose character was renamed) and Donald O'Connor. The female leads were Zizi Jeanmaire and Mitzi Gaynor. The script departed significantly from the original story and was written by Sidney Sheldon. The lesser-known Porter songs were cut, and new songs, written by Jimmy Van Heusen and Sammy Cahn, were substituted.

Television version

In 1954, Ethel Merman, at the age of forty-six, reprised her role as Reno in a specially adapted live television version of the musical, co-starring Frank Sinatra as the hero, now renamed Harry Dane, Merman's good friend Bert Lahr (who had co-starred with her on Broadway in DuBarry Was a Lady) as Moonface Martin, and Sheree North.[29] This version was broadcast live on February 28, 1954 as an episode of the Colgate Comedy Hour, and has been preserved on kinescope.[30] It used five of the original songs plus several other Porter numbers, retained the shipboard setting, but had a somewhat different plot.[31] It has been reported that Merman and Sinatra did not get along well; this was the only time they worked together. This version was released on DVD in 2011.[32]

Awards and nominations

1987 Broadway revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1987 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical Howard McGillin Nominated
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Patti LuPone Nominated
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Bill McCutcheon Won
Anthony Heald Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Jerry Zaks Nominated
Best Choreography Michael Smuin Won
Best Scenic Design Tony Walton Nominated
Best Costume Design Nominated
Best Lighting Design Paul Gallo Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Howard McGillin Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Patti LuPone Won
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Bill McCutcheon Nominated
Anthony Heald Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Jerry Zaks Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Michael Smuin Won
Outstanding Orchestrations Cole Porter Nominated
Outstanding Costume Design Tony Walton Nominated
Outstanding Set Design Nominated
Outstanding Lighting Design Paul Gallo Nominated

1989 London revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
1989 Laurence Olivier Award Best Actress in a Musical Elaine Paige Nominated

2002 London revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2002 Laurence Olivier Award Outstanding Musical Production Won

2011 Broadway revival

Year Award Category Nominee Result
2011 Tony Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical Sutton Foster Won
Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical Adam Godley Nominated
Best Direction of a Musical Kathleen Marshall Nominated
Best Choreography Won
Best Scenic Design Derek McLane Nominated
Best Costume Design Martin Pakledinaz Nominated
Best Lighting Design Peter Kaczorowski Nominated
Best Sound Design Brian Ronan Nominated
Drama Desk Award Outstanding Revival of a Musical Won
Outstanding Actor in a Musical Colin Donnell Nominated
Outstanding Actress in a Musical Sutton Foster Won
Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical Adam Godley Nominated
Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical Laura Osnes Nominated
Outstanding Director of a Musical Kathleen Marshall Nominated
Outstanding Choreography Won
Outstanding Costume Design Martin Pakledinaz Nominated
Outstanding Sound Design Brian Ronan Won
Outstanding Set Design Derek McLane Won
Outer Critics Circle Award Best Revival of a Musical Won
Best Actress in a Musical Sutton Foster Won
Best Choreographer Kathleen Marshall Won
Broadway.com Audience Award Favorite Actress in a Musical Sutton Foster Won
Favorite Diva Performance Nominated
Favorite Onstage Pair Sutton Foster and Joel Grey Nominated
Favorite Musical Revival Nominated
Favorite Actor in a Musical Joel Grey Nominated
Astaire Award Best Dancer on Broadway Sutton Foster Won
2012 Grammy Award[33] Best Musical Show Album Nominated

Recordings

There are many popular cast recordings of the show including:

In popular culture

For more information about the title song and references to it in popular culture, see Anything Goes (Cole Porter song)
  • Title song was used for PBS' American Experience documentary of President Franklin D. Roosevelt because of the last verse of the song.
  • In the 1972 film What's Up, Doc?, the song "You're the Top" is sung for the opening and closing credits by Barbra Streisand. Ryan O'Neal joins her for the closing credits and this marks his only on-screen singing in a movie. The movie uses at least two other tunes from this musical as background music: "Anything Goes" and "I Get a Kick Out of You", are heard during the first hotel-lobby scene.
  • In the 1974 Mel Brooks film Blazing Saddles, "I Get a Kick Out of You" is performed in a comedic manner by Cleavon Little and the other actors portraying black railroad workers, complete with a full harmony arrangement.
  • "You're The Top" was used in the film Evil Under the Sun, performed by Diana Rigg.
  • In the 1984 film, "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom", Kate Capshaw performs the title song in Mandarin. The tune appears again later in the scene.
  • In the Family Guy episode "Saving Private Brian", the Sergeant trainer claims "Anything Goes" to be one of his most favorite shows. Also, in "Brian: Portrait of a Dog", Lois wants to sing showtunes in the car. She begins to sing "Anything Goes".
  • In an episode of Summer Heights High Mr G cancels a production of "Anything Goes" one week before opening.
  • In the play Dancing at Lughnasa by Irish playwright Brian Friel, the song "Anything Goes" is played on the radio and sung by Gerry Evans to Aggie and Chris. The song basically sums up the entire concept of the play: times changing and people changing with them.
  • In an episode of Gilmore Girls, "You're the Top" is sung with slight lyrical changes.
  • The song "Anything Goes" is played on Galaxy News Radio, a fictional radio station, in the post-apocalyptic video game Fallout 3, as well as the next installment Fallout 4.
  • During the latter half of BioShock, "You're The Top" can be heard playing from a Rapture radio.
  • Title song used as the title of the 2008 autobiography by John Barrowman, who starred as Billy Crocker in 1989, 2002, and 2003.
  • In an episode of Married... with Children called "Can't Dance, Don't Ask Me" Steve teaches Kelly to tap dance to "Anything Goes"
  • In the Mission: Impossible episode "The Fortune" (from the 1988 revival series), the movie was the favorite film of Luis Barazon—one of the targets. Further, the segment of the movie where the title song is performed is "the part he likes the best". Also, the phrase "Anything Goes" was the second level password needed to access Barazon's financial records so that the money the Barazons stole from their country's treasury could be returned.
  • "Anything Goes" was used in a mash-up with "Anything You Can Do" (from Annie Get Your Gun) in the third-season premiere of the Fox musical television series Glee.
  • Anything Went was a parody of Anything Goes, partly shown on Mathnet, the rest being left to the viewer's imagination. This episode featured veteran broadway performer Tammy Grimes portraying fictional hammy veteran broadway performer Lauren Bacchanal.
  • In an episode of The Dick Van Dyke Show, Richie sings "You're the Top" replacing the words "Mona Lisa" with "Mommy Lisa"
  • A cover of the title song was released as a duet by Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga in July 2014.
  • In the film Passed Away, the minister sings "You're the Top."
  • In the 1999 romantic comedy Trick, drag performer Coco Peru references the song "Blow, Gabriel, Blow"
  • In 2017, the song was used in the Toyota RAV4 commercial.

References

  1. ^ Davis 1993, p. 6.
  2. ^ TIME magazine reported in its May 26, 2008 issue, p. 51, that this musical tied (with Guys and Dolls) as the tenth most frequently produced musical by U.S. high schools in 2007.
  3. ^ Schwartz, Charles (2004). Cole Porter: A Biography. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 132. ISBN 0-306-80097-7.
  4. ^ a b c Hischak, Thomas S. (2004). Through The Screen Door. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., p. 28. ISBN 0-8108-5018-4
  5. ^ a b Jasen, David A (1975). P G Wodehouse: A Portrait of a Master. London: Garnstone Press. p. 143. ISBN 0-85511-190-9.
  6. ^ Davis 1993, p. 332.
  7. ^ Internet Broadway Database for "Anything Goes" Archived 2005-01-14 at the Wayback Machine ibdb.com
  8. ^ Day, Barry (2004). The Complete Lyrics of P G Wodehouse. Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. pp. 407–14. ISBN 0-8108-4994-1.
  9. ^ New York Times, October 18, 1987, Stephen Holden, p. 90
  10. ^ a b Trucco, Terry. "A London Accent for 'Anything Goes'" Archived 2017-06-23 at the Wayback Machine New York Times, July 25, 1989
  11. ^ Webb, Paul. "John Barrowman Chats About Return to 'Anything Goes' Role in London" Archived 2015-04-08 at the Wayback Machine playbill.com, 7 October 2003
  12. ^ "Archive, 'Anything Goes'" Archived September 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine albemarle-london.com
  13. ^ "Jessica Stone". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on 29 June 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  14. ^ Jones, Kenneth."Colin Donnell, Adam Godley, Laura Osnes, John McMartin Are Passengers in Anything Goes" Playbill, December 7, 2010
  15. ^ BWW News Desk."Osnes, Stone et al. Join Foster & Grey in 'Anything Goes'; Full Cast Announced" Archived 2010-12-10 at the Wayback Machine broadwayworld.com, December 7, 2010
  16. ^ Jones, Kenneth."War Horse, Book of Mormon, Anything Goes, Normal Heart Win 2011 Tony Awards" Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine Playbill, June 12, 2011
  17. ^ Anything Goes Cast Album In Stores Sept. 20, Earlier Via Digital Services Archived September 14, 2011, at the Wayback Machine playbill.com
  18. ^ "Sutton Foster Takes 'ANYTHING GOES' Hiatus in Nov. for TV Pilot; Stephanie J. Block Steps in" Archived 2011-11-22 at the Wayback Machine broadwayworld.com, October 19, 2011
  19. ^ Stephanie J. Block Will Fill in for Sutton Foster in Broadway's Anything Goes Starting Nov. 4 Archived 2011-12-03 at the Wayback Machine playbill.com
  20. ^ Jones, Kenneth. Times Have Changed! Stephanie J. Block Is New "Reno" of Broadway's Anything Goes'" Archived February 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, February 23, 2012
  21. ^ Jones, Kenneth.Voyage Extended: Anything Goes Will Steam Into April 2012, With Sutton Foster on the Bow" Archived October 2, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, September 19, 2011
  22. ^ Hetrick, Adam and Jones, Kenneth. "Tony-Winning Revival of Anything Goes, With Stephanie J. Block and Joel Grey, Sails Into the Sunset July 8" Archived 2012-07-09 at the Wayback Machine Playbill, July 8, 2012
  23. ^ "Anything Goes" Archived May 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine playbillvault.com, July 8, 2012
  24. ^ Viagas, Robert. " Anything Goes Extends on Broadway and Plans U.S. Tour". Archived June 16, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, June 12, 2011
  25. ^ Jones, Kenneth. "Anything Goes Will Embark on National Tour in Fall 2012". Playbill. Archived from the original on 2012-01-08.
  26. ^ Jones, Kenneth. " Anything Goes Tour Will Get a Kick out of Rachel York as Reno Sweeney". Archived March 30, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Playbill, March 27, 2012. Retrieved March 27, 2012.
  27. ^ "Erich Bergen, Joyce Chittick, Alex Finke Join Cast of ANYTHING GOES Tour" Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine broadwayworld.com, August 7, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
  28. ^ Jacobson, Aileen (2016-05-27). "Review: Joyous Energy Fills 'Anything Goes,' at Gateway Playhouse". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 2016-06-02. Retrieved 2016-07-26.
  29. ^ "Anything Goes! on DVD". Television Academy Foundation's Archive of American Television. Archived from the original on 2014-11-03.
  30. ^ Anything Goes (1954 Colgate Comedy Hour production) on IMDb
  31. ^ The Insider, Ken Mandelbaum, October 5, 2005 Archived August 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  32. ^ Anything Goes (1954 TV production), info on DVD release on Playbill.com
  33. ^ "Best Musical Theater Album". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Dec 2, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-12-04. Retrieved 2 Dec 2011.

Sources

External links

All Through the Night (Cole Porter song)

"All Through the Night" is a 1934 popular song written by Cole Porter for his 1934 musical Anything Goes. The melody's distinguishing characteristic is a descending chromatic scale, starting on the third, interrupted by an octave leap after four bars. It was introduced by William Gaxton and Betina Hume.

Hit versions in 1935 were recorded by Paul Whiteman (vocal by Bob Lawrence) and by Harry Rosenthal (vocal by Helen Ward).

Anything Goes! The Dave Brubeck Quartet Plays Cole Porter

Anything Goes! The Dave Brubeck Quartet Plays Cole Porter is a 1967 studio album by Dave Brubeck and his quartet of music by Cole Porter, recorded between December 8, 1965 and February 17, 1966.

Anything Goes (1936 film)

Anything Goes is a 1936 American musical film directed by Lewis Milestone and starring Bing Crosby, Ethel Merman, Charles Ruggles and Ida Lupino. Based on the stage musical Anything Goes by Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse, the stage version contains songs by Cole Porter. The film is about a young man who falls in love with a beautiful woman whom he follows onto a luxury liner, where he discovers she is an English heiress who ran away from home and is now being returned to England. He also discovers that his boss is on the ship. To avoid discovery, he disguises himself as the gangster accomplice of a minister, who is actually a gangster on the run from the law. The film required revisions of Porter's saucy lyrics to pass Production Code censors. Only four of his songs remained: "Anything Goes", "I Get a Kick Out of You", "There'll Always Be a Lady Fair", and "You're the Top". "You're the Top" contained substantially revised lyrics, and only the first verse (sung by Ethel Merman during the opening credits) was retained from the song "Anything Goes".

Bing Crosby's influence was used to gut most of Porter's score and obtain four new songs from several new songwriters, Richard A. Whiting, Hoagy Carmichael, Leo Robin, Edward Heyman, and Friedrich Hollander, but other than "Moonburn", written by Hoagy Carmichael and Edward Heyman, which temporarily became a hit for Crosby, it is usually agreed that most of the replacement score was forgettable. Some, including movie musical expert John Springer, have criticized Paramount for substituting new songs by other composers for the originals. (This was a common policy in Hollywood during the 1930s, when film studios owned music publishing houses and hoped that songs written especially for films would guarantee extra profits for the studio.)

When Paramount sold the 1936 film to television, they retitled the movie Tops is the Limit because the 1956 film version, also from Paramount, was currently in theaters.

Anything Goes (1956 film)

Anything Goes is a 1956 American musical film directed by Robert Lewis, and starring Bing Crosby, Donald O'Connor, Jeanmaire, and Mitzi Gaynor. Adapted from the 1934 stage play Anything Goes by Cole Porter, Guy Bolton, and P.G. Wodehouse, the film is about two entertainers scheduled to appear in a Broadway show who travel to Europe, where each discovers the perfect leading lady for the female role. Bing Crosby's character, Bill Benson, goes to England and meets Mitzi Gaynor's character Patsy Blair and he signs her to the female lead. While Donald O'Connor's character, Ted Adams, travels to France and meets Jeanmaire's character, Gaby Duval, and he signs her to the same role. On the return voyage, with each man having brought his leading lady along, the Atlantic becomes a stormy crossing when each man must tell his discovery that she might not get the role.

The book was drastically rewritten for this second film version, which was also released by Paramount. Although this version again stars Bing Crosby (whose character was renamed), Donald O'Connor, and comedian Phil Harris in a cameo appearance, the film almost completely excises the rest of the original characters in favor of a new plot. The film features almost no similarities to the play or the stage production, apart from some songs and the title.

Anything Goes (AC/DC song)

"Anything Goes" is a song by the Australian hard rock group AC/DC. It is the fourth track from their album Black Ice. "Anything Goes" is one of five songs from the album that were played live on their Black Ice World Tour, however it was removed from the setlist on 25 October 2009 and was not played for the remainder of the tour. The single cover for Anything Goes is only the second AC/DC cover to feature frontman Brian Johnson alone (the 1986 re-release of "You Shook Me All Night Long" was the first); others have shown either the band or Angus Young.

The music video for "Anything Goes", which was released on Family Jewels Disc 3 as part of the 2009 box set Backtracks, was filmed live in Paris on 25 and 27 February by David Mallet."Anything Goes" was a last-time addition to Black Ice, written as the album was being recorded.

Anything Goes (Cole Porter song)

"Anything Goes" is a song written by Cole Porter for his musical Anything Goes (1934). Many of the lyrics include humorous references to figures of scandal and gossip from Depression-era high society. One couplet refers to Samuel Goldwyn's box-office failure Nana starring Anna Sten, whose English was said to be incomprehensible to all except Goldwyn (Goldwyn was from Poland and Sten Ukraine).

Anything Goes (Florida Georgia Line album)

Anything Goes is the second studio album by American country music duo Florida Georgia Line. It was released on October 14, 2014, by Republic Nashville. The release of the album was announced August 15 from Central Park in New York City on Good Morning America. The album was produced by Joey Moi. Its first single, "Dirt", became Florida Georgia Line's sixth number one hit when it peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart.

Anything Goes (Ron Carter album)

Anything Goes is an album by bassist Ron Carter recorded at Rudy Van Gelder's Studio in New Jersey in 1975 and released on the Kudu label.

Appetite for Destruction

Appetite for Destruction is the debut studio album by American hard rock band Guns N' Roses. It was released on July 21, 1987, by Geffen Records.

The album was released to little mainstream attention in 1987. It was not until the following year that it became a massive commercial success, after the band had toured and received airplay with the singles "Welcome to the Jungle", "Paradise City" and "Sweet Child o' Mine". It topped the Billboard 200 and became the best-selling debut album of all time, as well as the eleventh best-selling album of all time in the United States. With over 30 million copies sold worldwide, it is also one of the best-selling records of all time.

Although critics originally were ambivalent toward the album, Appetite for Destruction has since received retrospective acclaim and been viewed as one of the greatest albums of all time. In 2018, it was re-released as a remastered box set to similar acclaim.

Florida Georgia Line

Florida Georgia Line (sometimes abbreviated as FGL) is an American country music duo consisting of vocalists Tyler Hubbard and Brian Kelley. Their 2012 debut single "Cruise", which remains their most popular song, broke two major sales records: it was downloaded over seven million times, making it the first country song ever to receive the Diamond certification, and it became the best-selling digital country song of all time, with 24 weeks at number one, until it was surpassed in July 2017 by Sam Hunt's "Body Like a Back Road". "Cruise" helped to pioneer a style of country music known as "bro-country", which incorporates production elements from rock and hip-hop music, and tends to cover subject matter such as partying, drinking, driving trucks and romantic attraction. Much of their subsequent music has been tagged with the "bro-country" label as well.Florida Georgia Line was formed in 2010 in Nashville, Tennessee and began as a cover band. In December 2011, they signed to the Big Loud Mountain label. Their second EP, It'z Just What We Do, was released in 2012 and charted on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart. Several months later they signed with Republic Nashville, part of the Big Machine Label Group. They released their second album, Anything Goes on October 14, 2014. Their third album, Dig Your Roots, was released on August 26, 2016.

I Get a Kick Out of You

"I Get a Kick Out of You" is a song by Cole Porter, which was first sung in the 1934 Broadway musical Anything Goes, and then in the 1936 film version. Originally sung by Ethel Merman, it has been covered by dozens of prominent performers, including Frank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald. A cover in 1995 won the 1996 Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Arrangement with Accompanying Vocal(s) for arranger Rob McConnell.

It's De-Lovely

"It's De-Lovely" is one of Cole Porter's hit songs, originally appearing in his 1936 musical, Red Hot and Blue. It was introduced by Ethel Merman and Bob Hope. The song was later used in the musical Anything Goes, first appearing in the 1956 film version (when it was sung by Donald O'Connor and Mitzi Gaynor) and then in the 1962 revival where it was sung by Hal Linden and Barbara Lang.

The hit records in late 1936 and early 1937 included versions by Leo Reisman, Eddy Duchin, Shep Fields, and Will Osborne.The song played with words that have the prefix "de", which leads to the creation of the neologism "de-lovely": "It's de-lightful, it's de-licious, it's de-lovely."

It's a Knockout

It's a Knockout! is a British game show first broadcast in 1966. It was adapted from the French show Intervilles, and was part of the international Jeux Sans Frontières franchise.

Let's Misbehave

"Let's Misbehave" is a song written by Cole Porter in 1927, originally intended for the female lead of his first major production, Paris. Although it was discarded before the Broadway opening in favor of "Let's Do It, Let's Fall in Love", the star of the Broadway production, Irene Bordoni, did a phonograph recording of it which was labelled as from the production of Paris. It was a notable 1928 hit for Irving Aaronson and his Commanders. It was included perhaps most infamously in the 1962 revival of Anything Goes.

The song was recorded in 1927, for the Brunswick label, by Banjo Buddy (aka Harold Sandelman).

Nana (1934 film)

Nana is a 1934 American pre-Code film, produced by Samuel Goldwyn, released through United Artists, starring Anna Sten. and directed by Dorothy Arzner and George Fitzmaurice.

This version of Émile Zola's heroine was to be the vehicle for Sten's triumph as Samuel Goldwyn's trained, groomed and heavily promoted answer to Greta Garbo. Despite a record-breaking opening week at Radio City Music Hall, Sten was beautiful but disappointing.

Goldwyn's tutoring of Sten is mentioned in Cole Porter's 1934 song "Anything Goes" from the musical of the same name: "If Sam Goldwyn can with great conviction / Instruct Anna Sten in diction / Then Anna shows / Anything goes."

Ranma ½

Ranma ½ (Japanese: らんま 1/2, Hepburn: Ranma Nibun-no-Ichi, pronounced Ranma One-Half) is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Rumiko Takahashi. It was serialized in Weekly Shōnen Sunday from September 1987 to March 1996, with the chapters collected into 38 tankōbon volumes by Shogakukan. The story revolves around a teenage boy named Ranma Saotome who has trained in martial arts since early childhood. As a result of an accident during a training journey, he is cursed to become a girl when splashed with cold water, while hot water changes him back into a boy. Throughout the series Ranma seeks out a way to rid himself of his curse, while his friends, enemies and many fiancées constantly hinder and interfere.

Ranma ½ has a comedic formula and a sex-changing main character, who often willfully transforms into a girl to advance his goals. The series also contains many other characters, whose intricate relationships with each other, unusual characteristics, and eccentric personalities drive most of the stories. Although the characters and their relationships are complicated, they rarely change once they are firmly introduced and settled into the series.

The manga has been adapted into two anime series created by Studio Deen: Ranma ½ and Ranma ½ Nettōhen (らんま½ 熱闘編), which together were broadcast on Fuji Television from 1989 to 1992. In addition, they developed 12 original video animations and three films. In 2011, a live-action television special was produced and aired on Nippon Television. The manga and anime series were licensed by Viz Media for English-language releases in North America. Madman Entertainment released the manga, part of the anime series and the first two movies in Australasia, while MVM Films released the first two movies in the United Kingdom. The Ranma ½ manga has over 53 million copies in print in Japan. Both the manga and anime are cited as some of the first of their mediums to have become popular in the United States.

Sutton Foster

Sutton Lenore Foster (born March 18, 1975) is an American actress, singer and dancer. She is known for her work on the Broadway stage, for which she has received two Tony Awards for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Musical, in 2002 for her role as Millie Dillmount in Thoroughly Modern Millie, and in 2011 for her performance as Reno Sweeney in Anything Goes. Her other Broadway credits include Little Women, The Drowsy Chaperone, Young Frankenstein, Shrek the Musical, and Violet. On television, Foster played the lead role in the short-lived ABC Family comedy-drama Bunheads from 2012 to 2013. Since March 2015, she has starred in the TV Land comedy-drama Younger.

You'd Be So Easy to Love

"(You'd Be So) Easy to Love" is a popular song written by Cole Porter for William Gaxton to sing in the 1934 Broadway show Anything Goes. However Gaxton was unhappy about its wide vocal range and it was cut from the musical. Porter re-wrote it for the 1936 film Born to Dance, where it was introduced by Eleanor Powell, James Stewart, and Frances Langford under its alternate title, "Easy to Love". The song was only later added to the 1987 and 2011 revivals of Anything Goes under the complete title "You’d Be So Easy to Love".Early hit versions were by Shep Fields, Frances Langford and Ray Noble.

You're the Top

"You're the Top" is a Cole Porter song from the 1934 musical Anything Goes. It is about a man and a woman who take turns complimenting each other. The best-selling version was Paul Whiteman's Victor single, which made the top five.

It was the most popular song from Anything Goes at the start with hundreds of parodies.The lyrics are particularly notable because they offer a snapshot as to what was highly prized in the mid-1930s and demonstrate Porter's rhyming ability.

Some of the lyrics were re-written by P. G. Wodehouse for the British version of Anything Goes.

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