Antonio Cafiero

Antonio Francisco Cafiero (12 September 1922 – 13 October 2014) was an Argentine Justicialist Party politician.[1]

Antonio Cafiero
ACafieronew (cropped)
Antonio Cafiero in 2012
Senator from Buenos Aires Province
In office
10 December 1993 – 10 December 2005
Governor of Buenos Aires
In office
10 December 1987 – 10 December 1991
LieutenantLuis María Macaya
Preceded byAlejandro Armendáriz
Succeeded byEduardo Duhalde
Personal details
Born12 September 1922
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died13 October 2014 (aged 92)
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Political partyJusticialist Party
Spouse(s)Ana Goitía
Alma materUniversity of Buenos Aires
ProfessionAccountant

Biography

Cafiero was born in Buenos Aires. He joined Catholic Action in 1938, and enrolled at the University of Buenos Aires, becoming President of the Students' Association. He graduated as an accountant in 1944, and earned a Doctor in Economic Sciences in 1948, teaching in the discipline as a professor from 1952 to 1984. Cafiero became a militant Peronist from the 17 October 1945 mass demonstrations in support of populist leader Juan Perón, and entered public service in 1952 as Minister of Foreign Trade in the latter's administration, serving until 1954. He married the former Ana Goitía, and they had ten children.[2]

Cafiero held offices in the National Justicialist Movement from 1962, as well as in different institutions within the Justicialist Party at the national level and in Buenos Aires Province. Following the return of Peronists to power in the 1973 elections, Cafiero was appointed Secretary of Commerce in Perón's last term (1974). Following Perón's death and his replacement by his wife, Vice-President Isabel Perón, he was appointed Federal Interventor of Mendoza Province (1974–1975), and as Ambassador to the European Economic Community and Belgium (1975). Cafiero was appointed Economy Minister in August. He grappled with the aftermath of the June 1975 Rodrigazo (economic shock treatment enacted by a predecessor) with no success, and he was dismissed in February 1976, serving briefly as Ambassador to the Holy See until the March 1976 coup.

Testimonio26
Cafiero announces the establishment of the Peronist Renewal movement on 9 September 1982.

He founded the Movement for Unity, Solidarity and Organization in September 1982, a reformist faction of the Justicialist Party, ahead of the 1983 return of democracy. The group, known as Renovación Peronista (Peronist Renewal), was defeated in the party's September 1983 nominating convention, however, by more conservative figures supported by Lorenzo Miguel of the Steelworkers' Union. Cafiero was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies in 1985, and in 1987, Governor of Buenos Aires Province. Elected President of the Justicialist Party National Council, he ran in the May 1988 primary election for the upcoming presidential campaign. He failed to regain the support of the CGT, or to sway delegates from the smaller provinces, and lost to less well-known Carlos Menem, who subsequently won the 1989 general election.

Menem appointed Cafiero Ambassador to Chile in 1992, and Cafiero returned to elected office as a Senator in 1993. He took part in the convention negotiating the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution, which allowed for Menem's re-election. The amended Argentine Constitution included article 129, which guaranteed Buenos Aires greater self-governance. The Indentente (appointed Mayor) was replaced by a Jefe de Gobierno (elected Mayor), and the city council by the Buenos Aires City Legislature. Shortly before the historic, June 30, 1996, elections to these posts, however, Senator Cafiero succeeded in limiting the city's autonomy by advancing National Law 24.588, which reserved control of the Argentine Federal Police (the federally administered city force), the Port of Buenos Aires and other faculties to the national government. The controversial bill, popularly known afterward as Ley Cafiero (the "Cafiero Law") was signed in 1996 by President Menem, remaining a sticking point between successive Presidents (most of whom have been Peronist) and Buenos Aires Mayors (none of whom have been).[3]

Cafiero was re-elected as Senator in 2001. The aging lawmaker, who had severe hearing loss by then, took leave to act as Cabinet Chief during the transitional presidency of Eduardo Camaño (2001–02), returning to the Senate and retiring in 2005.

Cafiero was formally accused in 2006, along with Isabel Perón and several of her former ministers, of involvement in the forced disappearance of a minor in 1976. President Isabel Perón and her cabinet had signed decrees on October 6, 1975, ordering "military and security operations that may be needed to annihilate subversive elements throughout the territory of the country" (see Dirty War for historical context).[4] Cafiero, during the Trial of the Juntas in 1985, had stated that the Isabel Perón government (which presided over the early phase of the Dirty War) believed that common police tactics were not enough to combat the guerrilla threat, and that he learned of human rights violations committed at the time only after Perón's overthrow in the March 1976 coup d'état.[5]

Cafiero has served as President of COPPPAL, the Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America and the Caribbean, from 2005 to 2011.[6]

Cafiero lost his wife of fifty years, Ana Goitía, in 1994.[2] His son, Juan Pablo Cafiero, was appointed as Ambassador to the Holy See in 2008.[7] He had been a national deputy for the Peronists and for FrePaSo, Minister for Social Development under Presidents Fernando de la Rúa and Eduardo Duhalde, and as Minister of Security for Buenos Aires Province.[8][9] Another son, Mario Cafiero, served as a National Deputy from 1997 to 2005.

He died on 13 October 2014 of pneumonia.[10]

Legacy

Peronism got divided in 2016, after the defeat of Daniel Scioli in the 2015 general elections. A faction of sympathizers of the government of Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández de Kirchner became more intransigent.[11] Another faction prefers instead to renew the Peronist politicians, removing the controversial politicians that worked for the Kirchners, and reducing the populist tendencies of the party. This second faction evokes the Peronist renewal led by Cafiero.[12]

References

  1. ^ Official website.
  2. ^ a b "Antonio Cafiero: soy leyenda". La Nación.
  3. ^ "Qué dice la Ley Cafiero". Infobae.
  4. ^ Clarín, 9 November 2006. Conceden la eximición de prisión a Cafiero en una causa por desaparecidos durante la dictadura.
  5. ^ Nuncamas.org. Trial of the Juntas, 22 April 1985. Testimony of Antonio Cafiero Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Autoridades". COPPPAL. Archived from the original on 2012-03-25.
  7. ^ Designan a Juan Pablo Cafiero embajador ante el Vaticano, La Nación, 22 October 2008.
  8. ^ El Frepaso aceptó regresar al Gobierno con Juan Pablo Cafiero como ministro, Clarín, 26 April 2001.
  9. ^ Un dialoguista muy vinculado con la Iglesia, La Nación, 20 September 2008.
  10. ^ Legendary Peronist leader Antonio Cafiero dies at 92
  11. ^ Pablo Mendelevich (September 13, 2016). "Peronismo vintage: "Renovación" y "Resistencia"" [Vintage Peronism: "Renewal" and "Resistance"] (in Spanish). La Nación. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  12. ^ "Con Antonio Cafiero como emblema, el peronismo se reunió detrás de "la segunda renovación"" [With Antonio Cafiero as a symbol, Peronism rallied behind the "second renewal"] (in Spanish). La Nación. September 6, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
Preceded by
Alejandro Armendáriz
Governor of Buenos Aires
1987–1991
Succeeded by
Eduardo Duhalde
Preceded by
Luis Lusquiños
Chief of Cabinet of Ministers
2001–2002
Succeeded by
Jorge Capitanich
1989 Argentine general election

The Argentine general election of 1989 was held on 14 May 1989. Voters chose both the President and their legislators and with a turnout of 85.3%, Carlos Menem won the presidency, and the Justicialist Party won the control of both houses of Congress. This is the last presidential election the president was elected by the electoral college.

Alejandro Armendáriz

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Augustea SpA

Augustea SpA is a traditional shipping company from Naples, Italy founded in 1629.

The basic facts:

In 1629 Pietro Antonio Cafiero created a mutual aid fund "Monte della S.S. Annunziata dei Cafiero", which was rescuing sailors kidnapped by Barbary pirates.

Now Augustea Group employs about 630 people working on company's 50 vessels, tugs and barges and controls another 24 ocean vessels.

Augustea’s fleet fully complies with the International Safety Management Code.

Augustea Group achieved accreditation ISO 9001 and ISO 14000.

Buenos Aires City Hall

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COPPPAL

The Permanent Conference of Political Parties of Latin America and the Caribbean (French: Conférence permanente des partis politiques d'Amérique latine et des Caraïbes; Spanish: Conferencia Permanente de Partidos Políticos de América Latina y el Caribe, COPPPAL) is an international organization of political parties in Latin America and the Caribbean. It was created at the behest of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) on 12 October 1979 in Oaxaca, Mexico, and brings together Liberal, social democratic, Christian democratic, and leftist political parties. Today COPPPAL is the most important forum of political parties in Latin America and the Caribbean.Its first president (1979-1981) was Gustavo Carvajal Moreno of Mexico (PRI). Its current president is the Dominican politician Manolo Pichardo (PLD).

Cafiero

Cafiero may refer to:

Antonio Cafiero, Argentinian politician

Claudio Cafiero, Italian footballer

Carlo Cafiero (1846-1892), Italian anarchist

Federico Cafiero (1914-1980), Italian mathematician

John Cafiero, American musician and director

James Cafiero, American politician

Juan Pablo Cafiero, Argentine politician

Carlos Auyero

Carlos Auyero (1936 – 18 April 1997) was an Argentine politician. He was leader of the Christian Democratic Party and played a major role in the formation of the centre-left coalition FrePaSo.

At 25 years old, Auyero was elected as a provincial deputy in Buenos Aires Province, having gained his doctorate in law. In 1973 he was elected as a national deputy. After the return of democracy in the 1980s he became leader of the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) and helped create the Frente Renovador with Peronists which saw Antonio Cafiero elected as governor of Buenos Aires Province and Auyero returned to the lower house of Congress in 1985.

Auyero was vice-president of the Christian Democrat Organization of America (ODCA) and played a role in the Christian Democrat International.

Despite being leader of the PDC, Auyero had opposed the party's 1989 alliance with Carlos Menem, which had been voted for narrowly by members, and Menem's pursuit of neo-liberal economic policies. He led his grouping, 'Humanism and Liberation', into a new party formed with activist Graciela Fernández Meijide, Popular Democracy, which then joined with dissident Peronists in the creation of the Broad Front.Ahead of the 1995 elections, the Broad Front's leader Carlos Álvarez brought more opposition parties and social groups together into FrePaSo, the Front for a Country in Solidarity. FrePaSo's ticket for the Presidency in 1995 of José Octavio Bordón and Álvarez came second with 33% and established itself as a major force. In the same election Auyero gained 20% of the vote for governor of Buenos Aires. He served as General Secretary of FrePaSo, which also included his old colleagues in the Christian Democrats.

On 17 April 1997, Auyero participated in the programme Hora Clave on Canal 9 presented by Mariano Grondona, appearing in a panel debate with government minister Eduardo Amadeo as well as journalist Néstor Ibarra and economist Enrique Szewach. Shortly after the programme, in which Auyero had debated forcefully with Amadeo, he collapsed with a heart attack. Auyero, who had a history of heart problems, died soon afterwards, at around midnight.

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Born in Anillaco, Menem became a Peronist during a visit to Buenos Aires. He led the party in his home province of La Rioja, and was elected governor in 1973. He was deposed and detained during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, and was elected governor again in 1983. He defeated the Buenos Aires governor Antonio Cafiero in the primary elections for the 1989 presidential elections, which he won. Hyperinflation forced outgoing president Raúl Alfonsín to resign early, shortening the presidential transition.

Menem supported the Washington Consensus, and tackled inflation with the Convertibility plan in 1991. The plan was complemented by a series of privatizations, and was a success. Argentina re-established diplomatic relations with the United Kingdom, suspended since the 1982 Falklands War, and developed special relations with the United States. The country suffered two terrorist attacks. The Peronist victory in the 1993 midterm elections allowed him to force Alfonsín to sign the Pact of Olivos for the 1994 amendment of the Argentine Constitution. This amendment allowed Menem to run for re-election in 1995, which he won. A new economic crisis began, and the opposing parties formed a political coalition that won the 1997 midterm elections and the 1999 presidential election.

Menem ran for the presidency again in 2003, but faced with a likely defeat in a ballotage against Néstor Kirchner, he chose to pull out of the ballotage, effectively handing the presidency to Kirchner. He was elected senator for La Rioja in 2005. At 88, he is currently the oldest living former Argentine president.

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Eduardo Alberto Duhalde (Spanish pronunciation: [eˈðwaɾdo alˈβeɾto ˈðwalde]; born October 5, 1941) is an Argentine politician who served as President of Argentina from 2002 to 2003. Born in Lomas de Zamora, he was elected for the local legislature and appointed mayor in 1973. He was deposed during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, and elected again when democracy was restored in 1983 after the tyranny of soldiers raiding homes. He was elected vice-president of Argentina in 1989, under President Carlos Menem.

Duhalde resigned as vice president and was elected Governor of Buenos Aires Province in 1991, and re-elected in 1995. He ran for president in 1999, being defeated by Fernando de la Rúa. De la Rúa resigned during the December 2001 riots, and Congress appointed the governor of San Luis Province Adolfo Rodríguez Saá as president. When Rodríguez Saá also resigned, Congress appointed Duhalde. During Duhalde's term in office, a huge currency devaluation and an increase of the exchange rate led to a gradual recovery. He successfully supported the obscure candidate Néstor Kirchner against Menem, who sought a new presidential term. Duhalde had political disputes with Kirchner in later years, and is largely retired from politics since his defeat in the 2011 presidential elections.

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José María Vernet

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Juan Pablo Cafiero

Juan Pablo Cafiero (born 9 July 1953, San Isidro, Buenos Aires Province) is an Argentine politician and the Argentine Ambassador to the Vatican since 2008. He has served as a National Deputy and government minister, and is the son of Peronist grandee Antonio Cafiero.In his youth, Cafiero was an activist in the Peronist Youth and headed the Justicialist Party of San Isidro. In 1989 he was elected as a National Deputy for the Party, but the following year he was one of the 'Group of 8', progressive Peronists opposed to the neo-liberal policies of President Carlos Menem. The Group split from the Justicialist Party to create the Frente Grande and subsequently FrePaSo which formed part of the Alliance for Work, Justice and Education which took Fernando de la Rúa to the Presidency.

Cafiero had returned to Congress in 1997, representing FrePaSo. He was first Vice President of the Chamber. In 2001, he agreed to join the troubled government of De la Rúa as Minister for Social Development. When the Presidency collapsed, Cafiero was kept in his position by President Eduardo Duhalde.

In 2003, he was part of the movement which brought Néstor Kirchner to the Presidency, kirchnerism being much closer to Cafiero's progressive Peronism. He was appointed Minister of Justice and Security in the Buenos Aires Province under Governor Felipe Solá.Cafiero was appointed as Ambassador to the Holy See in October 2008. President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner's first choice, Alberto Iribarne, was rejected by the Vatican as he had been divorced.

Cafiero is married with four children. He is one of ten children. A brother, Mario Cafiero, has also been a national deputy.

La Rioja Province, Argentina

La Rioja (Spanish pronunciation: [la ˈrjoxa]) is one of the provinces of Argentina and is located in the west of the country. Neighboring provinces are from the north clockwise Catamarca, Córdoba, San Luis and San Juan. The dinosaur Riojasaurus is named after the province.

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The current Minister of the Treasury is Nicolás Dujovne.

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