Antiquarian science books

Antiquarian science books are original historical works (e.g., books or technical papers) concerning science, mathematics and sometimes engineering. These books are important primary references for the study of the history of science and technology, they can provide valuable insights into the historical development of the various fields of scientific inquiry (History of science, History of mathematics, etc.)

Vesalius Fabrica p184
Vesalius, Fabrica, 16th century.

The landmark are significant first (or early) editions typically worth hundreds or thousands of dollars (prices may vary widely based on condition, etc.).[1] Reprints of these books are often available, for example from Great Books of the Western World, Dover Publications or Google Books.

Incunabula are extremely rare and valuable, but as the "scientific revolution" is only taken to have started around the 1540s, such works of Renaissance literature (including alchemy, Renaissance magic, etc.) are not usually included under the notion of "scientific" literature. Printed originals of the beginning scientific revolution thus date to the 1540s or later, notably beginning with the original publication of Copernican heliocentrism. Nicolaus Copernicus' De revolutionibus orbium coelestium of 1543 sold for more than US$2 million at auctions.[2]

List of notable books

16th century
Principia Page 1726
Newton, Principia, 1600s.
17th century
Systema Naturae cover
Linnaeus, Systema Naturae, 1700s
18th century
Lyell Principles frontispiece
Lyell, Principles of Geology, 1800s
19th century
20th century (pre-World War II)

References

  1. ^ Prices quoted were collected using sources such as "International League of Antiquarian Booksellers". Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2018. "ABAA". Archived from the original on 1 July 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2018. http://www.abebooks.com/servlet/SearchEntry http://www.sothebys.com http://www.christies.com
  2. ^ US$2,210,500 at a Christies auction in 2008.
  3. ^ De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, from Harvard University.
  4. ^ De Humani Corporis Fabrica online — translated with full images, from Northwestern University
  5. ^ First edition: "Theil der grossen Wundartzney". ILAB. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  6. ^ Polybiblio: Regiomontanus, Johannes/Santbech, Daniel, ed. De Triangulis Planis et Sphaericis libri quinque. Basel Henrich Petri & Petrus Perna 1561. First edition: De triangulis planis et sphaericis libri quinque
  7. ^ Giordano Bruno, De l'infinito, universo e mondi, a cura di Giovanni Aquilecchia, Sansoni, Firenze, 1985.
  8. ^ First edition: "Introduction to the analytical art". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  9. ^ De Magnete at Project Gutenberg. "De Magnete (first edition)". JONATHAN A. HILL, BOOKSELLER, INC. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  10. ^ Mirifici logarithmorum canonis descriptio (Edward Wright's English translation was published in 1616). "Mirifici logarithmorum canonis constructio (early edition)". Antiquariat Gerhard Gruber. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  11. ^ "Harmonices Mundi (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. (Ritterhude, Germany). Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  12. ^ First written in a letter to Mersenne in 1638, the first printed publication of the method is in the fifth volume of the "Supplementum Cursus Mathematici" (1642) written by Herigone, and only in 1679 it appears in Fermat's "Varia opera mathematica". Electronic version in latin. First edition of "Varia opera mat." at Jonathan A. Hill, Bookseller, Inc.
  13. ^ "De motu cordis et sanguinis in animalibus (early edition)". LIBRERIA BRIGHENTI. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  14. ^ "The Sceptical Chymist (first edition)". Sophia Rare Books. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  15. ^ "Traitez de l'équilibre des liqueurs (first edition)". Librairie Hatchuel. 58 rue Monge 75005 Paris - France. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  16. ^ Works by Isaac Barrow at Project Gutenberg. "Lectiones opticae & geometricae (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  17. ^ First editions of Experimenta Nova available at ILAB
  18. ^ "Principia - Second edition, 1713". James Cummins Bookseller (member ABAA/ILAB). 699 Madison Ave., 7th Floor, New York, NY 10065, USA. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Arcana naturae (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  20. ^ First editions at ILAB
  21. ^ Taylor, Brook (1715a), Methodus Incrementorum Directa et Inversa, London: William Innys
  22. ^ "Reflexions sur la Cause generale des Vents (first edition)". Jonathan A. Hill. Bookseller, Inc. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  23. ^ "Experiments and Observations on Electricity (early edition)". Joseph J. Felcone Inc. Bookseller. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  24. ^ "An Essay towards solving a Problem in the Doctrine of Chances (first edition)". Manhattan Rare Book Company. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  25. ^ De vi attractiva ignis electrici (in latin)
  26. ^ Mémoire sur la théorie des déblais et des remblais De l'Imprimerie Royale.
  27. ^ "Theory of the Earth (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  28. ^ "Traité élémentaire de chimie (first edition)". Librairie Alain Brieu. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  29. ^ De viribus electricitatis, 1791. The International Centre for the History of Universities and Science (CIS), Università di Bologna
  30. ^ Essai sur la Théorie des Nombres (Paris : Duprat, 1798). First edition at Sophia Rare Books
  31. ^ A digitized copy of An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variola vaccine (1798), from the Posner Memorial Collection at Carnegie Mellon
  32. ^ "An inquiry into the causes and effects of the variola vaccine (first edition)". Jeff Weber Rare Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  33. ^ Wessel, Caspar (1799). "Om Directionens analytiske Betegning, et Forsog, anvendt fornemmelig til plane og sphæriske Polygoners Oplosning" [On the analytic representation of direction, an effort applied in particular to the determination of plane and spherical polygons]. Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Skrifter (in Danish). Copenhagen: Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. 5: 469–518.
  34. ^ "Disquisitiones arithmeticae (first edition)". WP Watson Antiquarian Books (in Abebooks). London. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  35. ^ Young, Thomas (1804). "Bakerian Lecture: Experiments and calculations relative to physical optics". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. 94: 1–16. Bibcode:1804RSPT...94....1Y. doi:10.1098/rstl.1804.0001.. First edition at Abebooks
  36. ^ Essai sur une manière de représenter des quantités imaginaires dans les constructions géométriques, 2e édition, Gauthier Villars, Paris (1874) BNF
  37. ^ Dalton, John (1808). A new system of chemical philosophy. London. ISBN 978-1-153-05671-7. Retrieved 8 July 2008.. First edition at Sophia Rare Books
  38. ^ "Läroboken i kemien (early edition, in swedish)". Antikvariat Röde Orm (in www.antikvariat.net). Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  39. ^ "On Aerial Navigation (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  40. ^ Electronic version in archive.org
  41. ^ "Experimenta circa effectum...(H.C. Oersted; first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  42. ^ "Theorie analytique de la chaleur (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 2 August 2018.
  43. ^ First edition at Abebooks - Jeremy Norman's historyofscience Bookseller (Novato, CA, U.S.A.)
  44. ^ "Géométrie imaginaire (first edition in french)". Sophia Rare Books. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  45. ^ Œuvres complètes d'Augustin Cauchy Académie des sciences (France). Ministère de l'éducation nationale.
  46. ^ Early edition at Abebooks (Jeremy Norman's historyofscience, Bookseller (Novato, CA, U.S.A.))
  47. ^ "Traité de Mécanique Céleste (first edition)". Jonathan A. Hill Bookseller. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  48. ^ "Die galvanische Kette, mathematisch bearbeitet (first edition)". Jonathan A. Hill Bookseller. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  49. ^ Principles of Geology (first edition). Roger Middleton - Bookseller (in www.biblio.com). Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  50. ^ Electronic version in archive.org
  51. ^ "Experimental Researches in Electricity (first edition, 8vo, 3 volumes)". Rulon-Miller Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  52. ^ Ada Lovelace's notes: "Sketch of the Analytical Engine invented by Charles Babbage [by L.F. Menabrea, translated, and appended with additional notes, by Augusta Ada, Countess of Lovelace]". Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  53. ^ "On the calorific effects of magneto-electricity, and on the mechanical value of heat (first edition)". Jeremy Norman & Co., Inc. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  54. ^ In June 1845, Joule read his paper "On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat" to the British Association meeting in Cambridge (Joule, J.P. (1845) "On the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat", Brit. Assoc. Rep., trans. Chemical Sect, p.31)
  55. ^ "Über die Erhaltung der Kraft (first edition)". Oak Knoll Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  56. ^ "Ueber die bewegende Kraft der Wärme (first edition)". Bookshop Herman H. J. Lynge & Søn. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  57. ^ "On the dynamical theory of heat...(first edition)". Sophia Rare Books. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  58. ^ "An Investigation of the Laws of Thought (first edition)". Blackwell's Rare Books. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  59. ^ The Physical Geography of the Sea (1858 ed.). Harper & Brothers. 1855 – via Google Books.
  60. ^ First editions of Die cellularpathologie at ILAB
  61. ^ "On the Origin of Species (1859 edition, 8ov)". John Windle, Antiquarian Bookselle. 49 Geary Street, Suite 233 San Francisco, CA 94108 USA. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
  62. ^ "Mémoire sur Les Corpuscules organisés qui existent dans L'Atmosphère (early edition)". Herman H. J. Lynge & Søn A/S. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  63. ^ First editions of Introduction à l'etude de la médicine at ILAB
  64. ^ Mendel, J. G. (1866). "Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden", Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn, Bd. IV für das Jahr, 1865, Abhandlungen: 3–47, [1]. For the English translation, see: Druery, C. T.; Bateson, William (1901). "Experiments in plant hybridization" (PDF). Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society. 26: 1–32. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
  65. ^ "Mendel's paper "Versuche über Pflanzenhybriden", was read at meetings of the Brunn Natural History Society on 8th February and 8th March 1865, and was published in the Verhandlungen des naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn, 4, 1865, which appeared in 1866" (Gregor Mendel, Experiments in Plant Hybridisation, Cosimo, Inc., 2008, p. 7).
  66. ^ "On The Hypotheses which lie at the Bases of Geometry (first English translation)". Herman H. J. Lynge & Søn A/S. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  67. ^ Study, E. (1909). "Review: Opere matematiche di Eugenio Beltrami". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 16 (3): 147–149. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1909-01882-8.
  68. ^ "Untersuchungen ueber Bacterien (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  69. ^ "The Descent of Man (first edition)". Milestones of Science Books. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  70. ^ "A Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism (first edition)". Sophia Rare Books. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  71. ^ Georg Cantor (1883). "Ueber unendliche, lineare Punktmannichfaltigkeiten (5)". Mathematische Annalen. 21 (4): 545–591. doi:10.1007/bf01446819. Published separately as: Grundlagen einer allgemeinen Mannigfaltigkeitslehre.
  72. ^ List of Poincaré writings in English translation
  73. ^ First editions at ILAB
  74. ^ "Electric Waves (first edition in english)". Manhattan Rare Book Company. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  75. ^ "Ueber eine neue Art von Strahlen (first edition)". Jeremy Norman & Co., Inc. Retrieved 8 August 2018.
  76. ^ "The science absolute of space : independent of the truth or falsity of Euclid's axiom XI (which can never be decided a priori)", The Neomon, Austin, 1896
  77. ^ "Sur une substance nouvelle radio-active dans la pechblende (first edition)". Bookshop Herman H. J. Lynge & Søn. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  78. ^ "Grundlagen der Geometrie (first edition)". Argosy Book Store. Retrieved 6 August 2018.
  79. ^ "Textura del sistema nervioso del hombre y los vertebrados (first edition in Spanish)". Retrieved 7 June 2018. Histologie du système nerveux, first edition in french, 1909
  80. ^ Planck, M. (1900b). "Zur Theorie des Gesetzes der Energieverteilung im Normalspectrum". Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft. 2: 237. Translated in ter Haar, D. (1967). "On the Theory of the Energy Distribution Law of the Normal Spectrum" (PDF). The Old Quantum Theory. Pergamon Press. p. 82. LCCN 66029628. First edition: "Zur Theorie des Gesetzes der Energieverteilung im Normalspectrum". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  81. ^ Radio-activity (1904), 2nd ed. (1905), ISBN 978-1-60355-058-1 First edition: "Radio-activity". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  82. ^ Lorentz, Hendrik Antoon (1904), "Electromagnetic phenomena in a system moving with any velocity smaller than that of light" , Proceedings of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, 6: 809–831
  83. ^ List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein.
  84. ^ Einstein, Albert (1905d) [Manuscript received: 30 June 1905]. Written at Berne, Switzerland. "Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter Körper" [On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies]. Annalen der Physik (Berlin) (in German). Hoboken, NJ (published 10 March 2006). 322 (10): 891–921. Bibcode:1905AnP...322..891E. doi:10.1002/andp.19053221004. hdl:10915/2786.
  85. ^ Annus Mirabilis pappers
  86. ^ Einstein, Albert (1905e) [Manuscript received: 27 September 1905]. Written at Berne, Switzerland. "Ist die Trägheit eines Körpers von seinem Energieinhalt abhängig?" [Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?]. Annalen der Physik (Berlin) (in German). Hoboken, NJ (published 10 March 2006). 323 (13): 639–641. Bibcode:1905AnP...323..639E. doi:10.1002/andp.19053231314.
  87. ^ Richardson, L.F. (1910). "The approximate arithmetical solution by finite differences of physical problems involving differential equations, with an application to the stresses in a masonry dam". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A. 210 (459–470): 307–357. Bibcode:1911RSPTA.210..307R. doi:10.1098/rsta.1911.0009.
  88. ^ "The Mind of Primitive Man (first edition)". Herman H. J. Lynge & Søn A/S. Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  89. ^ Bohr, Niels (1913). "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules, Part I" (PDF). Philosophical Magazine. 26 (151): 1–24. doi:10.1080/14786441308634955.
  90. ^ Bohr, Niels (1913). "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules, Part II Systems Containing Only a Single Nucleus" (PDF). Philosophical Magazine. 26 (153): 476–502. doi:10.1080/14786441308634993.
  91. ^ Bohr, Niels (1913). "On the Constitution of Atoms and Molecules, Part III Systems containing several nuclei". Philosophical Magazine. 26 (155): 857–875. doi:10.1080/14786441308635031.
  92. ^ Link "Die Grundlage Der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie"
  93. ^ Recherches sur la théorie des quanta (Researches on the quantum theory), Thesis, Paris, 1924, Ann. de Physique (10) 3, 22 (1925).
  94. ^ Schrodinger, Erwin (1926). "Quantisierung als Eigenwertproblem". Annalen der Physik. 384 (4): 273–376. Bibcode:1926AnP...384..361S. doi:10.1002/andp.19263840404.
  95. ^ Heisenberg, W. (1927), "Über den anschaulichen Inhalt der quantentheoretischen Kinematik und Mechanik", Zeitschrift für Physik (in German), 43 (3–4): 172–198, Bibcode:1927ZPhy...43..172H, doi:10.1007/BF01397280.
  96. ^ Ways to Spaceflight (1929) OCLC 255256956
  97. ^ Hubble, Edwin (1929). "A relation between distance and radial velocity among extra-galactic nebulae". PNAS. 15 (3): 168–173. Bibcode:1929PNAS...15..168H. doi:10.1073/pnas.15.3.168. PMC 522427. PMID 16577160.
  98. ^ First edition: "Liquid-Propellant Rocket Development". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  99. ^ First edition: "A Note of the Entscheidungsproblem". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  100. ^ First edition: "On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem". Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  101. ^ Full text at MIT
  102. ^ "A Symbolic Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits". Manhattan Rare Book Company. First printing in: Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 57 (1938). Retrieved 9 August 2018.
  103. ^ — (1939). The Nature of the Chemical Bond and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals. Cornell University Press.

External links

Bibliography of biology

This bibliography of biology is a list of notable works, organized by subdiscipline, on the subject of biology.Biology is a natural science concerned with the study of life and living organisms, including their structure, function, growth, origin, evolution, distribution, and taxonomy. Biology is a vast subject containing many subdivisions, topics, and disciplines. Subdisciplines of biology are recognized on the basis of the scale at which organisms are studied and the methods used to study them.

Index of physics articles (A)

The index of physics articles is split into multiple pages due to its size.

To navigate by individual letter use the table of contents below.

List of important publications in mathematics

This is a list of important publications in mathematics, organized by field.

Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:

Topic creator – A publication that created a new topic

Breakthrough – A publication that changed scientific knowledge significantly

Influence – A publication which has significantly influenced the world or has had a massive impact on the teaching of mathematics.Among published compilations of important publications in mathematics are Landmark writings in Western mathematics 1640–1940 by Ivor Grattan-Guinness and A Source Book in Mathematics by David Eugene Smith.

List of important publications in philosophy

This is a list of important publications in philosophy, organized by field. The publications on this list are regarded as important because they have served or are serving as one or more of the following roles:

Foundation – A publication whose ideas would go on to be the foundation of a topic or field within philosophy.

Breakthrough – A publication that changed or added to philosophical knowledge significantly.

Influence – A publication that has had a significant impact on the academic study of philosophy or the world.

List of important publications in psychology

This is a list of important publications in psychology, organized by field.

Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:

Topic creator – A publication that created a new topic

Breakthrough – A publication that changed scientific knowledge significantly

Influence – A publication which has significantly influenced the world or has had a massive impact on the teaching of psychology.

List of important publications in statistics

This is a list of important publications in statistics, organized by field.

Some reasons why a particular publication might be regarded as important:

Topic creator – A publication that created a new topic

Breakthrough – A publication that changed scientific knowledge significantly

Influence – A publication which has significantly influenced the world or has had a massive impact on the teaching of statistics.

List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity. He also made important contributions to statistical mechanics, especially his treatment of Brownian motion, his resolution of the paradox of specific heats, and his connection of fluctuations and dissipation. Despite his reservations about its interpretation, Einstein also made seminal contributions to quantum mechanics and, indirectly, quantum field theory, primarily through his theoretical studies of the photon.Einstein's scientific publications are listed below in four tables: journal articles, book chapters, books and authorized translations. Each publication is indexed in the first column by its number in the Schilpp bibliography (Albert Einstein: Philosopher–Scientist, pp. 694–730) and by its article number in Einstein's Collected Papers. Complete references for these two bibliographies may be found below in the Bibliography section. The Schilpp numbers are used for cross-referencing in the Notes (the final column of each table), since they cover a greater time period of Einstein's life at present. The English translations of titles are generally taken from the published volumes of the Collected Papers. For some publications, however, such official translations are not available; unofficial translations are indicated with a § superscript. Although the tables are presented in chronological order by default, each table can be re-arranged in alphabetical order for any column by the reader clicking on the arrows at the top of that column. For illustration, to re-order a table by subject—e.g., to group together articles that pertain to "General relativity" or "Specific heats"—one need only click on the arrows in the "Classification and Notes" columns. To print out the re-sorted table, one may print it directly by using the web-browser Print option; the "Printable version" link at the left gives only the default sorting. Collaborative works by Einstein are highlighted in lavender, with the co-author(s) provided in the final column of the table.

Einstein's many non-scientific works are not included here, to limit both the article's focus and size. The division of scientific and non-scientific works follows the Schilpp bibliography, which cites over 130 non-scientific works, often on humanitarian or political topics (pp. 730–746). Five volumes of Einstein's Collected Papers (volumes 1, 5, 8–10) are devoted to his correspondence, much of which is concerned with scientific questions. These letters are likewise not listed here, since they were not prepared for publication.

Robert Stewart Whipple

Robert Stewart Whipple (1871–1953) was a businessman in the British scientific instrument trade, a collector of science books and scientific instruments, and an author on their history. He amassed a unique collection of antique scientific instruments that he later donated to found the Whipple Museum of the History of Science in Cambridge in 1944.

Science

Science (from the Latin word scientia, meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.The earliest roots of science can be traced to Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia in around 3500 to 3000 BCE. Their contributions to mathematics, astronomy, and medicine entered and shaped Greek natural philosophy of classical antiquity, whereby formal attempts were made to explain events of the physical world based on natural causes. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, knowledge of Greek conceptions of the world deteriorated in Western Europe during the early centuries (400 to 1000 CE) of the Middle Ages but was preserved in the Muslim world during the Islamic Golden Age. The recovery and assimilation of Greek works and Islamic inquiries into Western Europe from the 10th to 13th century revived natural philosophy, which was later transformed by the Scientific Revolution that began in the 16th century as new ideas and discoveries departed from previous Greek conceptions and traditions. The scientific method soon played a greater role in knowledge creation and it was not until the 19th century that many of the institutional and professional features of science began to take shape.Modern science is typically divided into three major branches that consist of the natural sciences (e.g., biology, chemistry, and physics), which study nature in the broadest sense; the social sciences (e.g., economics, psychology, and sociology), which study individuals and societies; and the formal sciences (e.g., logic, mathematics, and theoretical computer science), which study abstract concepts. There is disagreement, however, on whether the formal sciences actually constitute a science as they do not rely on empirical evidence. Disciplines that use existing scientific knowledge for practical purposes, such as engineering and medicine, are described as applied sciences.Science is based on research, which is commonly conducted in academic and research institutions as well as in government agencies and companies. The practical impact of scientific research has led to the emergence of science policies that seek to influence the scientific enterprise by prioritizing the development of commercial products, armaments, health care, and environmental protection.

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