Antiochia ad Taurum (Ancient Greek: Αντιόχεια του Ταύρου; "Antiochia in the Taurus") was an ancient Hellenistic city in the Taurus Mountains of Cilicia (later Commagene province), Anatolia. Most modern scholars locate Antiochia ad Taurum at or near Gaziantep, Gaziantep Province, Turkey (formerly called Aïntab), although past scholars tried to associate it with Aleppo (formerly Halab), Syria.
Coins were minted at Antiochia ad Taurum.
Aintab, Gazi Antep in Turkish, about 80 kms. North-Northeast from Aleppo and about forty kms. from the Syrian-Turkish border, is commonly held to be the site of Antiochia ad Taurum
Gaziantep (Turkish pronunciation: [ɡaːˈziantep]), previously and still informally called Antep (pronounced [anˈtep]; عين تاب in Ottoman Turkish; ‘Aīntāb (عنتاب) in Arabic; Dîlok in Kurdish; Այնթապ or Անթեփ in Armenian), is the capital of Gaziantep Province, in the western part of Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, some 185 kilometres (115 mi) east of Adana and 97 kilometres (60 mi) north of Aleppo, Syria. It is probably located on the site of ancient Antiochia ad Taurum, and is near ancient Zeugma.
The city has two urban districts under its administration, Şahinbey and Şehitkamil. It is the sixth-most populous city in Turkey and one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.List of ancient Greek cities
This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.
A city is defined as ancient Greek if at any time its population or the dominant stratum within it spoke Greek. Many were soon assimilated to some other language. By analogy some cities are included that never spoke Greek and were not Hellenic per se but contributed to Hellenic culture later found in the region.List of ancient settlements in Turkey
Below is the list of ancient settlements in Turkey. There are innumerable ruins of ancient settlements spread all over the country. While some ruins date back to Neolithic times, most of them were settlements of Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Ionians, Urartians, and so on.List of archaeological sites by country
This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country and territories.
For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites by continent and age.List of oldest continuously inhabited cities
This is a list of present-day cities by the time period over which they have been continuously inhabited. The age-claims listed are generally disputed. Differences in opinion can result from different definitions of "city" as well as "continuous habitation" and historical evidence is often disputed. Caveats (and sources) to the validity of each claim are discussed in the "Notes" column.List of places named after people
There are a number of places named after famous people. For more on the general etymology of place names see toponymy. For other lists of eponyms (names derived from people) see eponym.Toponyms of Turkey
The toponyms of Turkey result from the legacy left by several linguistic heritages: the Turkish language (spoken as first language by the majority of the population), the Greek language, the Armenian language, the Kurdish language, the Laz language as well as several other languages once spoken widely in Turkey. Turkey’s place names range from those of unknown or unrecognizable origins to more clearly derivable onomastics. Many places have had their names changed throughout history as new language groups dominated the landbridge that present day Turkey is. A systematic turkification of place names was carried out when the worldwide wave of nationalism reached Turkey during the 20. century (main article: Geographical name changes in Turkey).