Antiochia ad Cragum

Antiochia ad Cragum (Greek: Αντιόχεια του Κράγου) also known as Antiochetta or Latin: Antiochia Parva (meaning "Little Antiochia") is an ancient Hellenistic city on Mount Cragus overlooking the Mediterranean coast, in the region of Cilicia, in Anatolia. In modern-day Turkey the site is encompassed in the village of Güneyköy, District of Gazipaşa, Antalya Province.

The city was founded by Antiochus IV Epiphanes around 170 BC. It minted coins from the mid-first to the mid-second centuries, the last known of which were issued under Roman Emperor Valerian. The city became part of the kingdom of Lesser Armenia in the 12th century. In 1332, the Knights Hospitallers took the city, after which it was known variously as Antiochetta, Antiocheta, Antiocheta in Rufine (Papal bull of Pope John XXII), and Antiochia Parva.

Some scholars claim an identity of Antiochia ad Cragum with the city Cragus (Kragos), or although it lies more than 100 km away, with Sidyma, which some scholars assert was the Lycian Cragus (Kragos).

Ruins of the city remain, and include fortifications, baths, chapels, the Roman necropolis, and the largest Roman mosaic found in Turkey.[1]

In 2018, latrine mosaics with dirty jokes about Narcissus and Ganymede were discovered in Antiochia ad Cragum.[2]

Antiochia ad Cragum
AntiochiaCr4
Some ruins at Antiochia ad Cragum
Antiochia ad Cragum is located in Turkey
Antiochia ad Cragum
Shown within Turkey
Alternative nameAntiochetta, Antiocheta, Antiochia Parva, Antiocheta in Rufine
LocationAntalya Province, Turkey
RegionCilicia
Coordinates36°09′26″N 32°24′56″E / 36.15722°N 32.41556°ECoordinates: 36°09′26″N 32°24′56″E / 36.15722°N 32.41556°E
TypeSettlement
History
Founded170 BC
CulturesHellenistic, Roman, Armenian, Byzantine, Medieval
Site notes
Excavation dates2005-2015
ArchaeologistsMichael Hoff, Rhys Townsend, Ece Erdoğmuş, Birol Can
ConditionIn ruins
ManagementUniversity of Nebraska–Lincoln

Bishopric

Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD
Dioecesis Orientis 400 AD

In Byzantine times, Antiochia Parva was the seat of an episcopal see of the Roman province of Isauria in the Diocese of the East. It was part of the Patriarchate of Antioch and was suffragan of the Archbishopric of Seleucia.

The five known ancient bishops of this diocese were:

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Antiochia Parva is no longer a residential bishopric. It is today listed as a suppressed and titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.[4][5] The seat is vacant since April 11, 1964. It was held previously by:

  • Jacques-Eugène Louis Ménager (June 23, 1955 – December 7, 1961)
  • André-Jean-Marie Charles de la Brousse (January 26, 1962 – April 11, 1964)[notes 1]

Notes

  1. ^ Lequien gives Bishop Theophan, episcopus Antiochiae parvae, both home to Antioch in Isauria, and namesake in Caria.[3]

References

  1. ^ NBC News.com 09/21/13
  2. ^ "Dirty Jokes in Latrine Mosaics Entertained Ancient Romans". Live Science. 2 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. II, coll. 1017-1020
  4. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 438
  5. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 834
Antiochia Paraliou

Antiochia Paraliou (Greek: Αντιοχεία η Παράλιος) is an ancient city known only from its coinage which bears the legend "ΑΝΤΙΟΧΕΩΝ ΤΗΣ ΠΑΡΑΛΙΟΥ". Although the location is considered unknown, some numismatists equate the city with Antiochia ad Cragum, but the association is not universally accepted. [1]

Cragus (Cilicia)

Cragus or Cragos or Kragos (Greek: Κράγος) was an ancient city in Cilicia, Asia Minor at the foot of Mount Cragus; its location is in modern-day Antalya Province, Turkey. Some scholars claim that it is the same city as Antiochia ad Cragum.

Gazipaşa

Gazipaşa (Turkish pronunciation: [ɡaˈzipaʃa]) is a town and district of Antalya Province on the Mediterranean coast of southern Turkey, 180 km east of the city of Antalya. Gazipaşa is a quiet rural district famous for its bananas, oranges and international airport of Gazipaşa Airport (IATA shortkey GZP). Gazipaşa district is adjacent to Alanya to the west, Sarıveliler to the north and Anamur to the east.

List of archaeological sites by country

This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country and territories.

For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites by continent and age.

List of places named after people

There are a number of places named after famous people. For more on the general etymology of place names see toponymy. For other lists of eponyms (names derived from people) see eponym.

List of renamed cities, towns and regions in Turkey

The names of many populated places and geographical features in Turkey have undergone changes over the centuries, and more particularly since the establishment of the present-day nation in the early 20th century, when there were extensive campaigns to change to recognizably Turkish names. Names changed were usually of Armenian, Greek, Georgian (including Laz), Bulgarian, Kurdish, Zazaki, Syriac or Arabic origin.

Mount Cragus (Cilicia)

Mount Cragus or Mount Cragos or Mount Kragos (Greek: Κράγος) was a mountain in ancient Cilicia, Asia Minor; its location is in modern-day Antalya Province, Turkey. At its foot was Antiochia ad Cragum.

Yeşilöz, Alanya

Yeşilöz (previously Domalan) is a beach resort village located in Turkey, part of the seaside resort of Alanya on the south Mediterranean coast, in Antalya Province. Yeşilöz has a large sandy beach that stretches for about 3 km. There are several small shops, a variety of restaurants, a barber, 2 hotels and some of Turkey's most exclusive private Villas.

Situated on the coast road between the Alanya town center and Antalya Gazipaşa Airport, the village also has a regular bus service. The buses run every 15 minutes and are available from early morning until late night. The road is dotted with fish restaurants, hotels, and shops. Many of the restaurants along the beach have private sections of the beaches reserved for guests.

Yeşilöz is about 15 minutes from Gazipaşa going south and 15 minutes from Alanya going north. The new international airport, Gazipaşa Airport, is 15 minutes from Yeşilöz.

There are major development plans for a golf course above Yeşilöz.

The Taurus Mountains behind the village are the source of the river that flows into the sea, and the mountains are covered with trees planted by the Turkish government. The main economic activities are farming and tourism, and the village is in a protected development area which has restricted all developments to single villas.

Yeşilöz is one of the destinations of the boat trips from Alanya's harbour, with boats anchoring in the inlets and coves up the coast towards Gazipaşa.

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