Anthribidae

Anthribidae is a family of beetles also known as fungus weevils. The antennae are not elbowed, may occasionally be longer than the body and thread-like, and can be the longest of any members of Curculionoidea. As in the Nemonychidae, the labrum appears as a separate segment to the clypeus, and the maxillary palps are long and projecting.

Most anthribids feed upon fungi or decaying plant matter, and the larvae feed within dead wood. Some species of Choraginae feed upon seeds, while unusually, Anthribus feeds upon soft scales.[1][2][3][4]

Anthribidae
COLE Anthribidae Sharpius venustus f
Sharpius venustus
Scientific classification
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Anthribidae
Subfamily
COLE Anthribidae Hoherius meinertzhageni m
Hoherius meinertzhageni
Toxonotus cornutus P1390275a
Toxonotus cornutus
Fungus Weevil (Anthribidae) (8753465441)
Fungus weevil

See also

References

  1. ^ "Anthribidae Report". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  2. ^ "Anthribidae". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  3. ^ "Browse Anthribidae". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
  4. ^ "Anthribidae Family Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-21.
Fungus Weevil - Anthribidae (18213927414)
Close-up of fungus weevil (Anthribidae)

External links

Allandrus

Allandrus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are about seven described species in Allandrus.

Anthribinae

Anthribinae is a subfamily of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are at least 20 genera and 80 described species in Anthribinae.

Anthribus

Anthribus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family Anthribidae. There are at least 2 described species in Anthribus.

Attelabidae

The Attelabidae is a widespread family of weevils. They are among the primitive weevils, because of their straight antennae, which are inserted near the base of the rostrum. The prothorax is much narrower than the base of the elytra on the abdomen. Attelabidae and the related family Rhynchitidae are known commonly as the leaf-rolling weevils. Rhynchitidae may be treated as subfamily Rhychitinae of the Attelabidae.

Some members of this family have long necks and may be called giraffe weevils, particularly Trachelophorus giraffa. A few species are minor agricultural pests. The larvae of Rhynchitinae feed in flower buds, fruits, and terminal shoots, or are leaf miners. The subfamily Attelabinae are the true leaf rollers. The female cuts slits into leaves to deposit her eggs, and rolls that part of the leaf in which the larvae will feed.

Choraginae

Choraginae is a subfamily of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are about 9 genera and at least 20 described species in Choraginae.

Choragus (beetle)

Choragus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are at least 60 described species in Choragus.

Elwood Zimmerman

Elwood Curtin Zimmerman (born in Spokane, Washington on December 8, 1912; died in Tura Beach, New South Wales on June 18, 2004) was an American entomologist best known for his two multivolume series: Insects of Hawaii published by the University of Hawaiʻi Press and Australian Weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea) published by Australia's CSIRO.

Euparius

Euparius is a genus of fungus weevils in the family Anthribidae. There are at least 6 described species in Euparius.

Gonotropis

Gonotropis is a genus of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are about five described species in Gonotropis.

Homoeodera major

Homoeodera major, the greater fungus weevil is a species of beetle belonging to the family Anthribidae.

Homoeodera scolytoides

Homoeodera scolytoides is a species of beetle belonging to the family Anthribidae.

Nemonychidae

Nemonychidae is a small family of weevils, placed within the primitive weevil group because they have straight rather than elbowed antennae. They are often called pine flower weevils. As in the Anthribidae, the labrum appears as a separate segment to the clypeus, and the maxillary palps are long and projecting. Nemonychidae have all ventrites free, while Anthribidae have ventrites 1-4 connate or partially fused. Nemonychidae lack lateral carinae on the pronotum, while these are usually present, though may be short, in Anthribidae.Nemonychidae are divided into three subfamilies: Nemonychinae of the palearctic region with the single genus Nemonyx and an unusual host, the angiosperm Delphinium. Most species of the other two subfamilies are associated with Pinales feeding on the pollen of the male inflorescences. Cimbiderinae are found in the Northern hemisphere, while Rhinorhynchinae occur largely in the Southern hemisphere, especially found on Podocarpaceae and Araucariaceae.

There exists a fairly extensive fossil record of Nemonychidae reaching from the upper Jurassic to tertiary amber.

Ormiscus

Ormiscus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family Anthribidae. There are at least 60 described species in Ormiscus.

Piesocorynini

Piesocorynini is a tribe of fungus weevils in the family Anthribidae. There are at least 2 genera and about 8 described species in Piesocorynini.

Piesocorynus

Piesocorynus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family Anthribidae. There are about 5 described species in Piesocorynus.

Platystomos albinus

Platystomos albinus is a species of beetle in the family Anthribidae, the fungus weevils. Adults measure 7 to 10 mm (0.3–0.4 in). The larvae feed on decaying trees, and are associated with the fungus Daldinia. It is present in deciduous forests throughout Europe and the Near East, including central southern and eastern Britain.The species was described by Carl Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae.

Toxonotus

Toxonotus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are about 10 described species in Toxonotus.

Trigonorhinus

Trigonorhinus is a genus of fungus weevils in the family of beetles known as Anthribidae. There are about 15 described species in Trigonorhinus.

Weevil

Weevils are a type of beetle belonging to the superfamily Curculionoidea. They are usually small, less than 6 mm (0.24 in), and herbivorous. About 97,000 species of weevils are known. They belong to several families, with most of them in the family Curculionidae (the true weevils). Some other beetles, although not closely related, bear the name "weevil", such as the biscuit weevil (Stegobium paniceum), which belongs to the family Ptinidae.

Many weevils are considered pests because of their ability to damage and kill crops. The grain or wheat weevil (Sitophilus granarius) damages stored grain. The boll weevil (Anthonomus grandis) attacks cotton crops; it lays its eggs inside cotton balls and the larvae eat their way out. Other weevils are used for biological control of invasive plants.

Some weevils have the ability to fly, such as the rice weevil.One species of weevil, Austroplatypus incompertus, exhibits eusociality, one of the few insects outside the Hymenoptera and the Isoptera to do so.

Extant Coleoptera families

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