Anthony Reed Herbert

Anthony Reed Herbert was a leading member of the British National Front (NF) during the 1970s, organising the party in Leicester and serving as its chief legal adviser (he was a solicitor by profession).

Reed Herbert attended Rugby School. One of his fellow pupils was the author Salman Rushdie. In his autobiography, Joseph Anton: A Memoir, Rushdie believes that his bullying of Reed Herbert at Rugby may have later influenced his racist views.[1]

Having previously been chairman of his local Young Conservatives, Reed Herbert became disillusioned with the Tories in 1972 when a Party Conference motion sponsored by Enoch Powell, condemning the government for admitting Ugandan Asian refugees, was defeated.[2] He subsequently joined the NF and swiftly rose to the leadership. To counter accusations from the 'populist' faction of the NF that the leadership was too right wing, in June 1974 he was co-opted onto the NF's Directorate; not being tainted with a fascist past like so many of the NF leaders, he was acceptable as a moderate in the populists' eyes. As a consequence, it was Reed Herbert who cast the deciding vote which unseated John Tyndall as leader and gave the leadership to John Kingsley Read in 1974.[3] Although he thus became associated with the populist wing of the party, he stopped short of joining the National Party when Tyndall regained control and the populists left, instead remaining within the NF.[4] This is not to say that his views are moderate in the wider sense. He is quoted as saying:

The immigrants and the British are racially and genetically incompatible, which is why immigrants must be repatriated. I wish them all the luck in the world, but not here.... I experience tension whenever I see a group of Indians walking down the street. I feel they are alien, a threatening presence.[5]

He contested the Leicester East constituency for the NF in the October 1974 general election, polling 2967 votes (6%). He also stood as NF candidate in the by-election for the Birmingham Ladywood constituency on 18 August 1977, polling 888 votes (5.7%) and forcing the Liberal candidate into fourth place.

In 1979, Reed Herbert broke with the NF to lead his own British Democratic Party. He went on to merge the party into the newly formed British National Party in 1982.

Anthony Reed Herbert
Born
NationalityBritish
OccupationLawyer

Elections contested

Date of election Constituency Party Votes %
October 1974 general election Leicester East NF 2967 6.0
18 August 1977 by election Birmingham Ladywood NF 888 5.7

References

  1. ^ Salman Rushdie, Joseph Anton: A Memoir, pp 33-34, Vintage Books, London, 2013. ISBN 9780099563440
  2. ^ S. Taylor, The National Front in English Politics, London: Macmillan, 1982, p. 101
  3. ^ S. Taylor, The National Front in English Politics, London: Macmillan, 1982, pp. 88-89
  4. ^ M. Walker, The National Front, Glasgow: Fontana, 1977, p. 198
  5. ^ "Spearhead". (NF magazine). July 1974.
1977 Birmingham Ladywood by-election

The Birmingham Ladywood by-election of 18 August 1977 was held after Labour Member of Parliament (MP) Brian Walden resigned in order to concentrate on his career as a journalist and broadcaster. A safe Labour seat, it was retained by the party.

At the count, the Socialist Unity candidate, Raghib Ahsan, punched the National Front candidate, Anthony Reed Herbert.

Adam Marshall Diston

Adam Marshall Diston (1893–1956; born in Scotland) was a journalist for the Sunday Dispatch and ghostwriter for Winston Churchill. He had 'close affinities' to Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists. He had a military background, serving in a Scottish regiment from 1914-1918.

Anthony Herbert

Anthony Herbert may refer to:

Anthony Reed Herbert, British far right politician

Anthony Herbert (rugby), Australian rugby (union and league) footballer

Anthony Herbert (lieutenant colonel), American soldier of the Korean and Vietnam Wars

Birmingham Ladywood (UK Parliament constituency)

Birmingham, Ladywood is a constituency of part of the city of Birmingham, represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Shabana Mahmood of the Labour Party.

British Democratic Party

The British Democratic Party (BDP) was a short-lived far-right political party in the United Kingdom. A breakaway group from the National Front, the BDP was severely damaged after it became involved in a gun-running sting and was absorbed by the British National Party.

British Movement

The British Movement (BM), later called the British National Socialist Movement (BNSM), is a British Neo-Nazi organisation founded by Colin Jordan in 1968. It grew out of the National Socialist Movement (NSM), which was founded in 1962. Frequently on the margins of the British far-right, the BM has had a long and chequered history for its association with violence and extremism. It was founded as a political party but manifested itself more as a pressure and activist group. It has had spells of dormancy.

Column 88

Column 88 was a neo-nazi paramilitary organisation based in the United Kingdom. It was formed in the early 1970s, and disbanded in the early 1980s. The members of Column 88 undertook military training under the supervision of a former Royal Marine Commando, and also held regular gatherings attended by neo-nazis from all over Europe. The name is code: the eighth letter of the alphabet 'HH' represents the Nazi greeting 'Heil Hitler'. Journalist Martin Walker described Column 88 as a "shadow paramilitary Nazi group".

English Defence League

The English Defence League (EDL) is a far-right, Islamophobic organisation in the United Kingdom. A social movement and pressure group that employs street demonstrations as its main tactic, the EDL presents itself as a single-issue movement opposed to Islamism and Islamic extremism, although its rhetoric and actions target Islam and Muslims more widely. Founded in 2009, its heyday lasted until 2011, after which it entered a decline. It is presently chaired by Tim Ablitt.

Established in London, the EDL coalesced around several football hooligan firms protesting the public presence of the small Salafi Islamist group Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaah in Luton, Bedfordshire. Tommy Robinson, a former member of the British National Party (BNP), soon became its de facto leader. The organisation grew swiftly, holding demonstrations across England and often clashing with anti-fascist protesters from Unite Against Fascism and other groups, who deemed it a racist organisation victimising British Muslims. The EDL also established a strong social media presence on Facebook and YouTube. Moving towards electoral politics, it established formal links with the far-right British Freedom Party, a breakaway from the BNP. The EDL's reputation was damaged in 2011 after supporters were convicted of plotting to bomb mosques and links were revealed with Norwegian far-right terrorist Anders Breivik. In 2013 Robinson—supported by the Quilliam think tank—left the group; he claimed it had become too extreme, and established the rival Pegida UK. The group's membership declined significantly following Robinson's departure and various branches declared independence.

Ideologically on the extreme-right or far-right of British politics, the EDL is part of the international counter-jihad movement. Officially, it presents itself as being opposed to Islamism, Islamic extremism, and jihadism, although its rhetoric repeatedly conflates these with Islam and Muslims more broadly. Rejecting the idea that Muslims can truly be English, the EDL presents Islam as an intolerant, primitive threat seeking to take over Europe. Political scientists and other commentators have characterised this Islamophobic stance as culturally racist. Both online and at its events, EDL members have incited violence against Muslims, with supporters carrying out violent acts both at demonstrations and independently. The EDL's broader ideology features nationalism and populism, blaming a perceived decline in English culture on high immigration rates and an uncaring political elite. It distinguished itself from Britain's traditional far-right by rejecting biological racism, anti-Semitism, and homophobia. Although several of its leaders were previously involved in fascist organisations and some neo-Nazis and other fascists attended EDL events, commentators differ on whether the EDL itself is ideologically fascist or not.

Headed by a small leadership team, the EDL sub-divided into over 90 local and thematic divisions, each with considerable autonomy. Its support base consisted primarily of young, working-class white British men, some from established far-right and football hooligan subcultures. Polls indicated that most UK citizens opposed the EDL, and the group was repeatedly challenged by anti-fascist groups. Many local councils and police forces discouraged EDL marches, citing the high financial cost of policing them, the disruptive influence on community harmony, and the damage caused to counter-terrorism operations.

Football Lads Alliance

The Football Lads Alliance (FLA) is a movement in the United Kingdom founded by John Meighan in 2017. According to The Times, "the movement was set up as a self-proclaimed 'anti-extremist' movement" but has increasingly become associated with far-right politics and far-right activists.The Premier League has warned clubs that "the group is using fans and stadiums to push an anti-Muslim agenda". Concern has also been expressed that the Alliance is "giving cover to the far right" and "uses a secret Facebook page full of violent, racist and misogynistic posts".

Herbert (surname)

Herbert is a surname, derived from the given name Herbert and may refer to:

A. P. Herbert (1890–1971), English humorist, novelist, playwright and law reform activist

Adam Herbert, former President of Indiana University and of the University of North Florida

Alfred Herbert (1866–1957), former manufacturer of machine tools

Amanda Herbert (born 1943), British cytopathologist and histopathologist

Andrew Herbert (born 1954), British computer scientist

Anne Herbert (disambiguation)

Anthony Reed Herbert, member of the British National Front

Arthur Herbert (disambiguation)

Auberon Herbert

Auberon Herbert (1838–1906), British writer, philosopher, and Member of Parliament

Auberon Herbert, 9th Baron Lucas (1876–1916), British peer, politician and fighter pilot

Auberon Herbert (landowner) (1922–1974)

Aubrey Herbert (1880–1923), British diplomat, traveller and intelligence officer

Bob Herbert (born 1945), American journalist

Brian Herbert (born 1947), Frank Herbert's son, author of The Dune Prequels

Caleb Claiborne Herbert (1814–1867), Confederate congressman during the American Civil War

Charles Herbert (1948–2015), American actor

Charles Herbert (Royal Navy officer) (1774-1808), captain in the Royal Navy and MP for Wilton

Christopher Herbert (born 1944), Anglican bishop

Daniel Herbert (born 1974), Australian rugby union player

Don Herbert (1917–2007), television's "Mr. Wizard"

Edward Herbert (disambiguation)

Elizabeth Herbert, 3rd Baroness Herbert (c.1476–1507)

Lady Evelyn Herbert, one of the first people in modern times to enter the tomb of Tutenkhamun

Frank Herbert (1920–1986), American science-fiction novelist, author of Dune

Frank Herbert (politician) (1931-2018), American politician and educator

Gábor Herbert (born 1979), Hungarian handball player

Gary Herbert 17th governor of Utah

George Herbert

George Herbert (1593–1633), Welsh poet and orator

George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke (1759–1827), British peer, army officer and politician

George Herbert, 13th Earl of Pembroke (1850–1895), British peer and politician

George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon (1866–1923), British Egyptologist

George Enrique Herbert, convicted Belizean gang leader and drug trafficker

Gwyneth Herbert, British singer-songwriter

Hal Herbert (1922-2003), Canadian politician

Henry Herbert (disambiguation)

Hilary A. Herbert (1834–1919), Secretary of the Navy under US President Grover Cleveland

James Herbert (born 1943), British writer of horror fiction

James Herbert (director) (born 1938), American music video and short film director

Jason Herbert (born 1967), British pop star turned manager

Jean Herbert (1897-1980), French interpreter and orientalist

John Herbert (disambiguation)

John Herbert, character from the television series Family Guy, also called "Mr. Herbert" or "Herbert the Pervert"

Johnny Herbert, British racing driver

Joseph W. Herbert (1863-1923), British-born American actor, singer and dramatist

Leon Herbert, British actor

Llewellyn Herbert, South African athlete

Máire Herbert, Irish historian

Mary Herbert (disambiguation)

Matthew Herbert, musician and music producer

Mervyn Herbert, British diplomat and cricketer

Nick Herbert, British politician

Nick Herbert (physicist), Californian physicist, author of Elemental Mind

Paul M. Herbert, American politician

Percy Herbert (disambiguation)

Philemon T. Herbert, American politician and Confederate Army officer during American civil war

Philip Herbert, 4th Earl of Pembroke

Philip Herbert, 5th Earl of Pembroke

Pierre-Hugues Herbert, French tennis player

Ricki Herbert, New Zealand football (soccer) player

Robert Herbert (1831–1905), first Premier of Queensland

Sidney Herbert, 14th Earl of Pembroke

Sidney Herbert, 1st Baron Herbert of Lea

Thomas Herbert (disambiguation)

Timothy Herbert, British orthopaedic surgeon

Tom Herbert (1888 - 1946), American character actor

Ulrich Herbert, German historian

Victor Herbert (1859–1924), Irish-American composer and cellist

Victor Herbert (Hematologist)

Xavier Herbert, Australian author

Wally Herbert (1934–2007), British polar explorer, writer and artist

Walter Herbert, music manager and promoter, and singer-songwriter

Walter Herbert (conductor), American conductor

William Herbert (disambiguation)

Winifred Herbert (c.1680–1749), Countess of Nithsdale

Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet, essayist and moralist

History of the British National Party

The British National Party (BNP) is a far-right political party in the United Kingdom formed as a splinter group from the National Front by John Tyndall in 1982 and was led by Nick Griffin from September 1999 to July 2014. Its current chairman is Adam Walker. The BNP platform is centred on the advocacy of "firm but voluntary incentives for immigrants and their descendants to return home", as well as the repeal of anti-discrimination legislation. It restricted membership to "indigenous British" people until a 2010 legal challenge to its constitution.

List of British far-right groups since 1945

The far-right, extreme right, hard right, radical right, fascist-right and ultra-right are terms used to discuss the position a group or person occupies within right-wing politics. The terms are often used to imply that someone is an extremist. The terms have been used by different scholars in somewhat conflicting ways.Far right politics usually involve supremacism — a belief that superiority and inferiority is an innate reality between individuals and groups — and a complete rejection of the concept of social equality as a norm. Far right politics often support segregation; the separation of groups deemed to be superior from groups deemed to be inferior. Far right politics also commonly include authoritarianism, nativism, racism and xenophobia.Many of these parties stem from either the legacy of Sir Oswald Mosley's British Union of Fascists, or the political views held by either John Tyndall, Andrew Fountain, Eddy Morrison, Ian Anderson, Colin Jordan and A.K. Chesterton, along with those of their parties like the British National Party, National Front (United Kingdom), National Socialist Movement (1960s) and National Democrats (United Kingdom) over the last 40 years.

The ideologies usually associated with the far right include fascism, Nazism and other ultra-nationalist, religiously extreme or reactionary ideologies.The term radical right refers to sections of the far right that promote views which are very conservative in traditional left-right terms, but which aim to break with prevailing institutions and practices. The radical right does not have a clear straightforward structure, but rather consists of overlapping subcultures with diverse styles of rhetoric, dress and symbolism whose cohesion comes from the use of alternative system of communications.

Michael McLaughlin

Michael McLaughlin (born c. 1940), also known as Michael Walsh, was for a time a leading figure on the British far right. Born in Liverpool, McLaughlin was the son of an Irish republican and socialist, who was a veteran of the International Brigades.According to his blog, his father was a good friend of Irish playwright Seán O'Casey, and shared battle experiences with war correspondent and international author, Ernest Hemingway. His mother corresponded with Dolores Ibárruri (La Pasionaria) during the Spanish Civil War.

National Front (UK) election results

See National Front for details of the far-right party.The National Front's election results in parliamentary elections are shown below.

Ray Hill

Ray Hill (born 1939) was a leading figure in the British far right who went on to become a well-known informant. A sometime deputy leader of the British Movement and a founder member of the British National Party, Hill also secretly worked for Searchlight in feeding information about the groups' activities.

Sharon Ebanks

Sharon Elizabeth Ebanks (born 1967 or 1968) is a former member of the British National Party and one of the founder members of the New Nationalist Party. In 2006, she was wrongly declared elected to Birmingham City Council.

The Link (UK organization)

The Link was established in July 1937 as an 'independent non-party organisation to promote Anglo-German friendship'. It generally operated as a cultural organisation, although its journal, the Anglo-German Review, reflected the pro-Nazi views of Barry Domvile, and particularly in London it attracted a number of anti-semites and pro-Nazis. At its height the membership numbered around 4,300.

The Link was opposed to war between Britain and Germany, and because of this attracted the support of some British pacifists. When The Link and the Anglo-German Review were included among a number of peace organisations across the political spectrum in the Peace Service Handbook (a publication put out by the Peace Pledge Union), the Daily Telegraph and The News Chronicle published articles accusing the PPU of supporting Nazism. In response, PPU member Stuart Morris wrote to the papers stating there was no connection between the PPU and The Link, and that the former organisation did not support the German demand for colonies or peace at the expense of smaller nations. The PPU also sent a letter to its group leaders dissociating The Link from the PPU, and ceased publishing the Peace Service Handbook.The organisation was investigated by Maxwell Knight, head of counter-subversion in MI5 and future role model for James Bond's boss M. The organisation closed shortly after the start of World War II in 1939.

Barry Domvile was interned in 1940 as someone who might "endanger the safety of the realm".According to Anthony Masters, the Link was allegedly resurrected in 1940 by Ian Fleming, then working in the Department of Naval Intelligence, in order to successfully lure Rudolf Hess (deputy party leader and third in leadership of Germany, after Adolf Hitler and Hermann Göring) to Britain in May 1941.

Pre-1945 groups
Defunct
post-1945 groups
Active groups
Pre-1945 people
Post-1945 people
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