Anthony Lewis

Anthony Lewis (March 27, 1927 – March 25, 2013) was an American public intellectual and journalist. He was twice winner of the Pulitzer Prize, and was a columnist for The New York Times. He is credited with creating the field of legal journalism in the United States.

Early in Lewis' career as a legal journalist, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter told an editor of The New York Times: "I can't believe what this young man achieved. There are not two justices of this court who have such a grasp of these cases."[1] At his death, Nicholas B. Lemann, the dean of Columbia University School of Journalism, said: "At a liberal moment in American history, he was one of the defining liberal voices."[2]

Anthony Lewis
Born
Joseph Anthony Lewis

March 27, 1927
DiedMarch 25, 2013 (aged 85)
NationalityUnited States
Alma materHarvard College
OccupationJournalist
Known forPulitzer Prize for National Reporting
Spouse(s)Linda J. Rannells (1951–1982; divorced; 3 children)
Margaret H. Marshall (1984–2013; his death)

Early years

Lewis was born Joseph Anthony Lewis in New York City on March 27, 1927, to Kassel Lewis, who worked in textiles manufacturing, and Sylvia Surut, who became director of the nursery school at the 92nd Street Y.[3][4] He and his family were Jewish.[5][6] He attended the Horace Mann School in the Bronx, where he was a classmate of Roy Cohn, and graduated from Harvard College in 1948. While at Harvard, he was Managing Editor of the Harvard Crimson.[7]

Career in journalism

Following his college graduation, Lewis worked for The New York Times. He left in 1952 to work for the Democratic National Committee on Adlai Stevenson's presidential campaign. He returned to journalism at the Washington Daily News, an afternoon tabloid. He wrote a series of articles on the case of Abraham Chasanow, a civilian employee of the U.S. Navy, who had been dismissed from his job on the basis of allegations by anonymous informers that he associated with anti-American subversives. The series won Lewis a Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting in 1955.[8]

Lewis returned to The New York Times that year as its Washington bureau chief. He was assigned to cover the Justice Department and the Supreme Court. In 1956–57 he was a Nieman Fellow at Harvard Law School.[1] He won a second Pulitzer Prize in 1963, again in the category National Reporting, for his coverage of the U.S. Supreme Court.[9] The citation singled out his coverage of the court's reasoning in Baker v. Carr, a Supreme Court decision that held the federal courts could exercise authority over legislative redistricting on the part of the states, and the decision's impact on specific states.[1]

In his 1969 history of The New York Times, Gay Talese described Lewis in his Washington years as "cool, lean, well-scrubbed looking, intense and brilliant".[1] Lewis became a member of Senator Robert Kennedy's social circle, too conspicuously so in the opinion of Max Frankel, another of the paper's editors.[1]

During a four-month newspaper strike (November 1962 to February 1963), Lewis wrote Gideon's Trumpet, the story of Clarence Earl Gideon, the plaintiff in Gideon v. Wainwright, the 1963 case in which the Supreme Court held that states were required to provide counsel for indigent defendants charged with serious crimes. At Lewis' death it had not been out of print since it was first published.[1] It won the 1965 Edgar Award for Best Fact Crime and in 1980 was adapted as a movie for television and presented by Hallmark Hall of Fame. Lewis played a small role in the film.[10]

Lewis published a second book in 1964, Portrait of a Decade: The Second American Revolution, about the civil rights movement. In 1991, Mr. Lewis published Make No Law, an account of The New York Times v. Sullivan, the 1964 Supreme Court decision that revolutionized American libel law. In Sullivan, the court held that public officials suing critics of their official conduct needed to prove that the contested statements were made with "actual malice", that is, with knowledge of their falsity or with serious subjective doubts about their truth.[1]

The Times moved Lewis to London in 1964, where he was bureau chief with responsibility for broad coverage of politics, culture and, in the words of one editor, "ballet, music, Glyndebourne, la-di-da London society, diplomacy, the British character, you name it".[1] He moved to New York in 1969 and began writing a twice-weekly opinion column for the Times. He continued to write these pieces, which appeared under the heading "At Home Abroad" or "Abroad at Home" depending on his byline, until retiring in 2001. Though wide-ranging in his interests, he often focused on legal questions, advocacy of compromise between Israel and the Palestinians, and criticism of the war in Vietnam and the apartheid regime in South Africa. On December 15, 2001, his final column warned that civil liberties were at risk in the U.S. reaction to the September 11 attacks.[1][4]

Reflecting on his years as a columnist, he said he had learned two lessons:[4]

One is that certainty is the enemy of decency and humanity in people who are sure they are right, like Osama bin Laden and (then-Attorney General) John Ashcroft. And secondly that for this country at least, given the kind of obstreperous, populous, diverse country we are, law is the absolute essential. And when governments short-cut the law, it's extremely dangerous.

When told Henry Kissinger had once described him as "always wrong", Lewis replied: "Probably because I wrote in a very uncomplimentary way about him. I didn’t like him. He did things that were very damaging to human beings."[11]

Other activities

Beginning in the mid-1970s, Lewis taught a course in First Amendment and the Supreme Court at Columbia University's Graduate School of Journalism for 23 years.[2] He held the school's James Madison chair in First Amendment Issues from 1982. He lectured at Harvard from 1974 to 1989 and was a visiting lecturer at several other colleges and universities, including the universities of Arizona, California, Illinois, and Oregon.[4]

In 1983, Lewis received the Elijah Parish Lovejoy Award as well as an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Colby College. On January 8, 2001, he received the Presidential Citizens Medal from President Bill Clinton. On October 21, 2008, the National Coalition Against Censorship honored him for his work in the area of First Amendment rights and free expression.

He served for decades as a member of the Harvard Crimson's graduate board and as one of its trustees. He was a key player in the fundraising and reconstruction of the paper's Plympton Street building.[2]

He served on the board of directors of the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) and its policy committee. CPJ awarded him its Burton Benjamin Award for lifetime achievement in 2009.[12]

He was chosen Class Day speaker at Harvard in 1997.[2]

Views on the press

Lewis read the First Amendment as a restriction on the ability of the federal government to regulate speech, but opposed attempts to broaden its meaning to create special protection for journalists. He approved when a federal court in 2005 jailed Judith Miller, a The New York Times reporter, for refusing to name her confidential sources as a special prosecutor demanded she do. Max Frankel, another Times editor said: "In his later years he turned a little bit against the press, which he loved. But he disagreed with those of us who felt that we couldn't just trust the courts to defend our freedom".[13]

Lewis opposed as well journalists' advocacy of a federal "shield law" to allow journalists to refuse to reveal their sources. He cited the case of Wen Ho Lee, whose privacy was, in Lewis' view, violated by newspapers who published leaked information and then refused to identify the sources of those leaks, preferring to agree to a financial settlement. He noted that the newspapers said they were acting to "protect our journalists from further sanctions", thus privileging their own needs over the damage caused the victim of the false information they printed.[14]

Personal life

On July 8, 1951, Lewis married Linda J. Rannells,[15] "a tall, blithe student of modern dance" according to Gay Talese.[1] They had three children and divorced in 1982.

Lewis relocated from New York to Cambridge while he was a The New York Times columnist. There in 1984 he married Margaret H. Marshall,[3] an attorney in private practice who later became General Counsel at Harvard University and Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts.

Lewis and his wife were longtime residents of Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Lewis died on March 25, 2013, from renal and heart failure, two days shy of his 86th birthday.[1] He had been diagnosed with Parkinson's disease a few years earlier.[4]

Awards

Selected writings

Author
  • Gideon's Trumpet (Random House, 1964) (Reprint ISBN 0-679-72312-9)
  • Portrait of a Decade: The Second American Revolution (Random House, 1964) (ISBN 0-394-44412-4)
  • Make No Law: The Sullivan Case and the First Amendment (Random House, 1991) (ISBN 0-394-58774-X)
  • The Supreme Court and How It Works: The Story of the Gideon Case (Random House Children's Books, 1966) (ISBN 0-394-91861-4)
  • Freedom for the Thought That We Hate: A Biography of the First Amendment (Basic Books, 2010) (ISBN 0465039170)
Co-author
  • Pierce O'Donnell and Anthony Lewis, In Time of War: Hitler's Terrorist Attack on America (New Press, 2005) (ISBN 1-56584-958-2)
  • Frank Snepp and Anthony Lewis, Irreparable Harm: A Firsthand Account of How One Agent Took on the CIA in an Epic Battle Over Free Speech (University Press of Kansas, 2001) (ISBN 0-7006-1091-X)
Editor
  • Written into History: Pulitzer Prize Reporting of the Twentieth Century from The New York Times (Holt, 2001) (ISBN 0-8050-6849-X)
Preface/introduction
  • Glory and Terror: The Growing Nuclear Danger by Steven Weinberg; preface by Anthony Lewis (New York Review Books, 2004) (ISBN 1-59017-130-6)
  • The Other Israel: Voices of Refusal and Dissent edited by Tom Segev and Roane Carey, with an introduction by Anthony Lewis (New Press, 2004) (ISBN 1-56584-914-0)
  • The Torture Papers: The Road to Abu Ghraib edited by Karen J. Greenberg and Joshua L. Dratel, with an introduction by Anthony Lewis (Cambridge University Press, 2005) (ISBN 0-521-85324-9)
  • The Myth of the Imperial Judiciary: Why the Right Is Wrong About the Courts by Mark Kozlowski, foreword by Anthony Lewis (New York University Press, 2003) (ISBN 0-8147-4775-2)
Miscellaneous articles

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Liptak, Adam (March 25, 2013). "Anthony Lewis, Supreme Court Reporter Who Brought Law to Life, Dies at 85". New York Times. Retrieved March 25, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d Fandos, Nicholas P. (March 26, 2013). "Anthony Lewis '48, Pulitzer Winner and Crimson Mentor, Dies at 85". Harvard Crimson. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Margaret H. Marshall, a Law Partner, Is Wed to Anthony Lewis, a Columnist". The New York Times. September 24, 1984. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e Lavoie, Denise (March 26, 2013). "Anthony Lewis wrote for The New York Times and the Washington Daily News. He won his first Pulitzer Prize in 1955. Lewis died Monday at age 85". MSN. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Wildman, Sarah (March 26, 2013). "Anthony Lewis's Cousin Remembers His Kindness to a Young Journalist". The Daily Beast. Retrieved March 29, 2013.
  6. ^ Los Angeles Times: "Of Secrecy and Paranoia: What Is Inman's Real Story?" by Suzanne Garment January 23, 1994 |Inman named five journalists who had treated him badly: Safire, Tony Lewis, Ellen Goodman, the cartoonist Herblock and Rita Braver. All five are Jewish
  7. ^ "R. Scot Leavitt Named Crimson President J. Anthony Lewis Chosen Managing Editor". Harvard Crimson. December 3, 1946. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  8. ^ "1955 Winners". Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  9. ^ "1963 Winners". Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  10. ^ Gideon's Trumpet on IMDb
  11. ^ Solomon, Deborah (December 23, 2007). "Speech Rules". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  12. ^ Massing, Michael. "Tony Lewis gave CPJ authority, devotion over decades". Committee to Protect Journalists. Retrieved 28 March 2013.
  13. ^ Malone, Scott (March 25, 2013). "NY Times legal trailblazer Anthony Lewis dead at 85". Reuters. Retrieved March 28, 2013.
  14. ^ Lewis, Anthony (March 2008). "Are Journalists Privileged?" (PDF). Cardozo Law Review: 1356–7.
  15. ^ "Linda J. Rannells Wed at Columbia" (PDF). The New York Times. July 9, 1951. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  16. ^ "1955 Winners". Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved March 27, 2013.

External links

Bibliographies
Profiles
Interviews
Anthony Lewis (actor)

Anthony Lewis (born 31 March 1983) is an English actor.

Lewis began acting at 9 years old with roles in television shows including Heartbeat, A Touch Of Frost and Cracker as well as in the film Girls' Night. Regular roles in Children's Ward (as Scott Morris for three series) and Adam's Family Tree (as Adam for two series) followed, as well as the lead in the show My Dad's a Boring Nerd. He went on to the soap opera Emmerdale, where Lewis played Marc Reynolds for four years.

After leaving the show, Lewis performed in Broken Voices at the Tristan Bates Theatre in London. Other work includes appearances in the television series Dalziel and Pascoe and Respectable, and the film Boy A, and a starring role in the science-fiction series show Torchwood as the young World War I soldier Tommy Brockless, who is charged with saving the universe.

Outside of acting, Lewis had provided continuity announcements for BBC One, BBC Two & Cartoon Network

Anthony Lewis (disambiguation)

Anthony Lewis (1927–2013) was an American intellectual and columnist for The New York Times.

Anthony Lewis may also refer to:

Anthony Lewis (actor) (born 1983), British actor

Anthony Lewis (baseball) (born 1971), American baseball player

Anthony Lewis (illustrator) (born 1966), British children's illustrator

Anthony Lewis (musician) (1915–1983), English conductor, composer, editor, and academic

Anthony Lewis (cricketer) (born 1932), former English cricketer

Tony Lewis (born 1938), Welsh cricketer and cricket commentator

Tony Lewis (mathematician) (born 1942), British cricket statistician

Tony Lewis (The 10th Kingdom), fictional character from The 10th Kingdom

Tony Lewis (The Outfield), bassist for the band The Outfield

M. Anthony Lewis, American robotics researcher

Anthony Lewis (illustrator)

Anthony Lewis (born 8 December 1966) is a British illustrator of children's books. His work includes The Owl Tree by Jenny Nimmo, which won the 2004 Nestlé Smarties Book Prize in the 6– to 8-year-old readers category, and Atticus the Storyteller's 100 Greek Myths by Lucy Coats, which was shortlisted for the 2004 Blue Peter Book Awards, Best Illustrated Book to Read Aloud.Anthony Lewis lives in Manley, Cheshire.

Anthony Lewis (musician)

Sir Anthony Carey Lewis (2 March 1915 – 5 June 1983), was an English musicologist, conductor, composer, and music educator.

He co-founded and served as the first chief editor of Musica Britannica, producing scholarly editions of British music hitherto unavailable. He published critical editions of operas by Handel, Purcell and John Blow.

After working in the music department of the BBC, Lewis became professor of music at the University of Birmingham (1947–68) and was principal of the Royal Academy of Music in London (1968–82).

As a conductor Lewis played a role in the baroque music revival of the mid 20th century by directing performances of several Handel opera revivals, and making commercial premiere recordings of works from the 17th and 18th centuries.

Anthony Williams (bishop)

Anthony Lewis Elliott Williams (5 February 1892 – 31 August 1975) was a British Anglican bishop. He was the third Bishop of Bermuda, serving from 1956 to 1962.

Clive Lewis (politician)

Clive Anthony Lewis (born 11 September 1971) is a British Labour politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Norwich South since winning the seat at the 2015 general election.He studied at the University of Bradford before being elected to various student union roles and then serving as vice-president of the National Union of Students. Lewis then worked as a TV reporter for BBC News, becoming BBC Look East's chief political correspondent. He was also one of the Labour government's National Black Role Models. In 2006, he passed out of Sandhurst as an infantry officer with the Territorial Army, and he served a three-month tour of duty in Afghanistan in 2009.

Lewis often broke the party line on issues including nuclear weapons, tuition fees and immigration. Describing himself as a "proud socialist", he was also appointed as the Chair of the Humanist APPG. During the 2015 Labour leadership election, he was one of 36 MPs to nominate Jeremy Corbyn, and has remained a strong supporter.

Appointed to Corbyn's Shadow Cabinet as Shadow Secretary of State for Defence in June 2016, Lewis was appointed Shadow Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy in the October 2016 reshuffle. He left the Shadow Cabinet on 8 February 2017 in protest over the Labour Party's decision to whip its MPs into voting to trigger Article 50, but rejoined the front bench a year later.

Duluth–Superior Dukes

The Duluth–Superior Dukes were a professional baseball team based in Duluth, Minnesota. The Dukes were a charter member of the modern Northern League, which started play in 1993. The Dukes played their home games at Wade Stadium. After the 2002 season, the Dukes were moved to Kansas City where they were renamed the T-Bones.

Freedom for the Thought That We Hate

Freedom for the Thought That We Hate: A Biography of the First Amendment is a 2007 non-fiction book by journalist Anthony Lewis about freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of thought, and the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. The book starts by quoting the First Amendment, which prohibits the U.S. Congress from creating legislation which limits free speech or freedom of the press. Lewis traces the evolution of civil liberties in the U.S. through key historical events. He provides an overview of important free speech case law, including U.S. Supreme Court opinions in Schenck v. United States (1919), Whitney v. California (1927), United States v. Schwimmer (1929), New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964), and New York Times Co. v. United States (1971).

The title of the book is drawn from the dissenting opinion by Supreme Court Associate Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. in United States v. Schwimmer. Holmes wrote that "if there is any principle of the Constitution that more imperatively calls for attachment than any other, it is the principle of free thought—not free thought for those who agree with us but freedom for the thought that we hate." Lewis warns the reader against the potential for government to take advantage of periods of fear and upheaval in a post-9/11 society to suppress freedom of speech and criticism by citizens.

The book was positively received by reviewers, including Jeffrey Rosen in The New York Times, Richard H. Fallon in Harvard Magazine, Nat Hentoff, two National Book Critics Circle members, and Kirkus Reviews. Jeremy Waldron commented on the work for The New York Review of Books and criticized Lewis' stance towards freedom of speech with respect to hate speech. Waldron elaborated on this criticism in his book The Harm in Hate Speech (2012), in which he devoted a chapter to Lewis' book. This prompted a critical analysis of both works in The New York Review of Books in June 2012 by former Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens.

Gideon's Trumpet

Gideon's Trumpet is a book by Anthony Lewis describing the story behind Gideon v. Wainwright, in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that criminal defendants have the right to an attorney even if they cannot afford one. In 1965, the book won an Edgar Award from the Mystery Writers of America for Best Fact Crime book.

A made-for-TV movie based on the book was released in 1980, starring Henry Fonda as Clarence Earl Gideon, José Ferrer as Abe Fortas and John Houseman as Earl Warren (though Warren's name was never mentioned in the film; he was billed simply as "The Chief Justice"). Houseman also provided the offscreen closing narration at the end of the film. Lewis himself appeared in a small role as "The Reporter". The movie was a Hallmark Hall of Fame presentation produced by Worldvision, and aired on CBS.

The name is a play on words, using the defendant's last name and invoking the biblical story in which Gideon ordered his small force to attack a much larger enemy camp. Gideon's army carried trumpets and concealed torches in clay pots. When the call to attack came, the noise and light they made tricked their enemies into thinking that a much larger army was attacking them. Thus, Gideon won the battle with little actual fighting (Judges 7:16-22).

Laura Carter (actress)

Laura Carter (born 13 September 1985) is an English actress.

M. Anthony Lewis

M. Anthony Lewis, Ph.D., is a robotics researcher and currently serves as the Vice President of Hewlett-Packard and the head of Hewlett-Packard's Compute Lab for disruptive edge technologies. Formerly, he served as the Head of was the former Senior Director of Technology at Qualcomm Technologies and was the creator of Zeroth neural processing unit and its software API. He is past CEO of Iguana Robotics, a company specializing in the development of biomorphic robotics technologies.Lewis received his Ph.D. at the University of Southern California under the guidance of Michael Arbib and George Bekey. He has served on the faculty of the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of Illinois and is currently on the faculty of the University of Arizona.

He is known for his work in evolutionary and biomorphic robotics, formation control of robotic systems, and investigations into the basis of movement control in humans and robots. He collaborated on a project to help paralyzed people, using studies of an eel's nerve circuitry.In recent work, Lewis and colleagues have demonstrated a robot that claimed to be the most biologically accurate model of human locomotion to date. This robotic uses a muscle architecture much like a human being, a simplified neural circuit meant to mimic neurons in the spinal cord, and sensory feedback mimicking the primary sensory pathways found in human.

Margaret H. Marshall

Margaret Hilary Marshall (born September 1, 1944) was the 24th chief justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court, and the first woman to hold that position. She was chief justice from 1999 to 2010. On July 21, 2010, she announced her retirement. She was Senior Fellow of the Yale Corporation until she retired from the board in 2016, Senior Counsel at Choate Hall & Stewart, and a member of the Council of the American Law Institute. Marshall was elected in 2017 to the American Philosophical Society.

Mark Lewis-Francis

Mark Anthony Lewis-Francis, MBE (born 4 September 1982) is a British track and field athlete, specifically a sprinter, who specialises in the 100 metres. A renowned junior, his greatest sporting achievement at senior level has been to anchor the Great Britain and Northern Ireland 4 x 100 metres relay team to a gold medal at the 2004 Summer Olympics. Individually, Lewis-Francis has won the silver medal in the 100 m at the 2010 European Athletics Championships, and numerous indoor medals.

Lewis-Francis is a member of the Birchfield Harriers athletics club and is also known as the "Darlaston Dart".

Musica Britannica

Musica Britannica is a trust founded in 1951, as "an authoritative national collection of British music". One of its co-founders, Anthony Lewis, served as the publication's first chief editor for many years.

A programme about the project, with musical examples, was broadcast on BBC Radio 3 on 9 July 2011 beginning at 1.00pm, as The Early Music Show.

Nathan Lewis (footballer)

Nathan Anthony Lewis (born 20 July 1990) is a Trinidadian international footballer who plays for Lansing Ignite, as a midfielder.

Richard A. Jones (physicist)

Richard Anthony Lewis Jones (born 1961) is professor of physics and the pro-vice-chancellor for research and innovation at the University of Sheffield.

Tara Thornfield

Lady Tara Thornfield (also Cockburn and Lady Oakwell) is a fictional character from the British soap opera Emmerdale, played by Anna Brecon. She made her first on screen appearance on 31 July 1997. She remained on and off in the show until departing on 4 January 2002 for a new life with Sean Reynolds, whom she later married, but made a brief return with step-son, Marc (Anthony Lewis), in 2007 for her father-in-law Len's funeral.

To the Last Man (Torchwood)

"To the Last Man" is the third episode of the second series of the British science fiction television series Torchwood, which was first broadcast on BBC Two on 30 January 2008. The episode was written by returning series guest writer, Helen Raynor, directed by Andy Goddard and produced by Richard Stokes. As with all episodes of Torchwood's first two series, "To the Last Man" featured series regulars John Barrowman, Eve Myles, Burn Gorman, Naoko Mori and Gareth David Lloyd, with Mori's character Toshiko Sato given the main focus.

The narrative centres on the intersection of Toshiko's romance with Tommy Brockless (Anthony Lewis), a cryogenically frozen soldier from World War I, and a number of hazardous time slips from 1918. As the impending crisis becomes more severe, Toshiko must choose between the man she has fallen in love with and the world at stake. Tommy eventually elects to return to 1918, where Toshiko knows he will be executed because of his shellshock.

"To the Last Man" was filmed as part of the first production block of Torchwood's second series. Helen Raynor was inspired to write the episode to explore the issue of soldiers executed for cowardice during the First World War. The episode was watched by an aggregated total of 4.97 million viewers across its first three showings. The episode received mixed reviews, with the characterisation, romance, atmosphere and anti-war sentiment proving the most popular elements. Both the storylining of the episode and the reliance on plot devices were heavily criticised.

Tony Tolbert

Anthony Lewis Tolbert (born December 29, 1967) is a former American football defensive end in the National Football League for the Dallas Cowboys. He played college football at the University of Texas-El Paso. He was drafted in the fourth round of the 1989 NFL Draft.

Anthony Lewis bibliography
Author
Co-author
Editor
Preface/Introduction

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