Anthony Julius

Anthony Robert Julius (born 16 July 1956) is a British solicitor advocate and academic, known among other things for his actions on behalf of Diana, Princess of Wales and Deborah Lipstadt. He is Deputy Chairman of the London law firm Mishcon de Reya.

He holds the Chair in Law and Arts in the Faculty of Law at University College London.[1] Julius is also Chairman of the economics consultancy, Oxera.[2]


The son of a London menswear retailer, who died young from a brain tumour, Julius was educated at the City of London School. Julius studied English literature at Jesus College, Cambridge, graduating in 1977 with a first class degree; in the mid-1990s he completed a PhD in English literature at University College London under the novelist and academic Dan Jacobson. He joined the Bloomsbury law firm Mishcon de Reya in 1979, becoming a partner in 1984. Currently, he is Deputy Chairman of that firm.[3]


Julius is a commercial litigator. He is a specialist in the fields of defamation, international trade disputes, and media law. He has been a solicitor advocate since at least 2001,[4] which allows him to act as a barrister in so far as he can now appear in the High Court and the Court of Appeal.

He was selected by Diana, Princess of Wales as her legal representative when she divorced Charles, Prince of Wales in 1996.

He represented Deborah Lipstadt, successfully defending her in Irving v Penguin Books and Lipstadt, with Richard Rampton QC, against a libel suit brought against her by Holocaust denier David Irving. Lipstadt and her publishers were vindicated by the Judge's ruling in April 2000. A feature film about the case, Denial, with Andrew Scott playing Julius, was released in 2016.

Julius is Legal Advisor to the Foundation of Jewish Heritage.[3]

He has written a number of books on various topics, outlined below, including his PhD thesis, in which he charged T. S. Eliot with antisemitism. He is currently writing his fifth book on censorship of the arts in liberal democracies, which is due for release in 2020.

Julius is an Advisory Editor at the current affairs journal Fathom.[5] He was a founding member of both Engage and the Euston Manifesto. From 2011 to 2014 he was chairman of the board of The Jewish Chronicle.[2]

From 1996 to 1998 he was a part-time lecturer at the Law Faculty of University College London. In 2017 he rejoined University College London as the inaugural Chair in Law and the Arts.[4] He was previously Chairman of the London Consortium and Visiting Professor at Birkbeck, University of London.

He was Vice-President of the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund, until it closed in 2012. He was one of the charity's founders and its first Chairman.

He serves as Trustee to English PEN, the founding centre of a worldwide writers’ association.[5] Julius is also Chairman of the Trustees of Phenomen Trust. Between 2007 and 2013 Julius played an active role in the campaign against the academic boycott of Israeli universities. In a Guardian article co-authored with historian Simon Schama, Julius wrote "This is not the first boycott call directed at Jews. On 1 April 1933, a week after he came to power, Hitler ordered a boycott of Jewish shops, banks, offices and department stores."[6]

Julius's other activities in this context included representing Ronnie Fraser in an action against the University and College Union (UCU). Fraser, who was a member of the union, complained that it had created an ‘intimidating', ‘hostile’ environment, 'offensive' to his Jewish identity. After a 20-day hearing the tribunal rejected his claim, harshly rebuking Julius for "misusing the legal process". "Scorn is also invoked for Mr Julius’s decision to pursue certain points, with complaints variously dismissed as “palpably groundless”, “obviously hopeless” and “devoid of any merit”.[6][7][8] The rejection attracted criticism from CAMERA.[9][10]

Private life

He married Judith Bernie in 1979; the couple had four children, but later divorced. In 1999, he married Dina Rabinovitch and had one child with her. Rabinovitch died in 2007 from breast cancer. In 2009, he married Katarina Lester, and is step-father to her two children. They had a son together in 2011.[11]

Selected publications

  • T. S. Eliot, Anti-Semitism and Literary Form (1st edition Cambridge University Press 1995, 2nd edition Thames & Hudson 2003), based on his PhD thesis
  • "Art Crimes", in Law and Literature (Oxford University Press 1999) and in Dear Images: Art, Copyright and Culture (Ridinghouse 2003).
  • "Love Poetry and the Art of Advocacy" in Critical Quarterly (John Wiley & Sons, 2003)
  • "Dickens the lawbreaker" in Critical Quarterly (John Wiley & Sons, 2003)
  • Idolising Pictures (Thames & Hudson 2000).
  • Transgressions: The Offences of Art (Thames & Hudson 2002).
  • Trials of the Diaspora: A History of Anti-Semitism in England (Oxford University Press 2010; paperback edition, with fresh material, 2012). ISBN 978-0-19-929705-4.

Julius is currently writing a book on censorship of the arts in liberal democracies, due to be published by Oxford University Press in 2020.


  1. ^ "Anthony Julius joins UCL as first chair in law and the arts".
  2. ^ "Oxera appoints Anthony Julius to Chair its Governing Board as it converts to LLP status". Oxera. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  3. ^ "Foundation for Jewish Heritage". Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  4. ^ "Professor Anthony Julius joins UCL as First Chair in Laws and the Arts". Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  5. ^ "Board of Trustees – English PEN". English PEN. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  6. ^ Mr R Fraser -v- University & College Union, Courts and Tribunals Judiciary
  7. ^ [" Tribunal slams academic for bringing anti-Semitism case], March 27, 2013, Jack Grove, Times Higher Education
  8. ^ Crushing defeat for Israel lobby as anti-boycott litigation fails in UK, Asa Winstanley 26 March 2013, Electronic Intifada
  9. ^ "Antisemitism at the UCU: David Hirsh responds to Tribunal ruling against Fraser". UK Media Watch. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2018-03-02.
  10. ^ Hirsh, David (2017-08-07). Contemporary Left Antisemitism. London New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781138235311.

Further reading

Andrew Scott (actor)

Andrew Scott (born 21 October 1976) is an Irish film, television, and stage actor. In 2010, he achieved widespread recognition playing the role of Jim Moriarty in the BBC series Sherlock, a dramatic role which continued until 2017. In 2017 he won acclaim playing the title role of Hamlet in a production first staged at the Almeida Theatre, directed by Robert Icke, and for which he has been nominated for a 2018 Olivier Award for Best Actor.Scott has received various awards including two Laurence Olivier Award for Outstanding Achievement in an Affiliate Theatre for his roles in A Girl in a Car with a Man at the Royal Court Theatre, along with his role in Cock, also at the Royal Court. He has also won two IFTA awards for his roles in the films Dead Bodies and The Stag, a British Academy Television Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Sherlock, a BIFA Award for Best Supporting Actor for his role in Pride, and two BBC Audio Drama Awards for his radio work.

Anthony Brummet

Anthony Julius "Tony" Brummet (born March 31, 1931) was an educator and political figure in British Columbia. He represented North Peace River from 1979 to 1991 in the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia as a Social Credit member.

He was born in Mendham, Saskatchewan, the son of Gordon F. Brummet and Maria Potter, and was educated at the University of British Columbia. In 1952, he married Audrey A. Smith. Brummet lived in Fort St. John, British Columbia. He was a school principal before entering politics. Brummet served in the provincial cabinet as Minister of Lands, Parks and Housing, as Minister of Environment and as Minister of Education.

Birkbeck, University of London

Birkbeck, University of London (formally Birkbeck College), is a public research university located in Bloomsbury London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. Established in 1823 as the London Mechanics' Institute by its founder, Sir George Birkbeck, and its supporters, Jeremy Bentham, J. C. Hobhouse and Henry Brougham, Birkbeck has been one of the few institutions to specialise in evening higher education.

Birkbeck's main building is based in the Bloomsbury zone of Camden, in Central London, alongside a number of institutions in the same borough. In partnership with University of East London, Birkbeck has an additional large campus in Stratford, next to the Theatre Royal.

Birkbeck offers over 200 undergraduate and postgraduate programmes that can be studied either part-time or full-time, though nearly all lectures are given in the evening. Birkbeck's academic activities are organised into five constituent faculties which are subdivided into nineteen departments. It also offers many continuing education courses leading to certificates and diplomas, foundation degrees, and short courses. Research at Birkbeck in 11 subject areas is rated as ‘internationally excellent’ and ‘world leading’ while over 90 percent of Birkbeck academics are research-active. Birkbeck, being part of the University of London, shares the University's academic standards and awards University of London degrees. In common with the other University of London colleges, Birkbeck has also secured its own independent degree awarding powers, which were confirmed by the Privy Council in July 2012. The quality of degrees awarded by Birkbeck was confirmed by the UK Quality Assurance Agency following institutional audits in 2005 and 2010.Birkbeck has been shortlisted by the Times Higher Education Awards as University of the Year. Birkbeck is a member of academic organisations such as the Association of Commonwealth Universities and the European University Association. The university's Centre for Brain Function and Development was awarded The Queen's Anniversary Prize for its brain research in 2005.Birkbeck has produced many notable alumni in the fields of science, law, politics, economics, literature, media, art and drama. Alumni include four Nobel laureates, numerous political leaders, members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and a British prime minister among its former students and faculty.

Bristol Festival of Ideas

The Bristol Festival of Ideas is a project established in Bristol, England, which aims "to stimulate people’s minds and passions with an inspiring programme of discussion and debate". It was first set up in 2005, as part of the city's ultimately unsuccessful bid to become the European Capital of Culture for 2008, and continues to maintain a programme of debates and other events, including an annual festival each May.

The Festival also awards an annual book prize, worth £7,500, to a book which "presents new, important and challenging ideas, which is rigorously argued, and which is engaging and accessible". It is one of the largest book prizes in the UK.The Festival takes place in a range of venues across the city, including the Arnolfini, the Watershed Media Centre, St. George's, We The Curious, City Hall, the Tobacco Factory, and the Victoria Rooms. It is organised by Bristol Creative Projects (BCP – formerly the Bristol Cultural Development Partnership), Arts Council England, Bristol City Council, and GWE BusinessWest, a private sector organisation promoting economic development in the area, and also works closely with universities in the area and other agencies. The Director of the Festival is Andrew Kelly, who was appointed Director of the Bristol Cultural Development Partnership in 1993.

Denial (2016 film)

Denial is a 2016 British-American biographical drama film directed by Mick Jackson and written by David Hare, based on Deborah Lipstadt's book History on Trial: My Day in Court with a Holocaust Denier. It dramatises the Irving v Penguin Books Ltd case, in which Lipstadt, a Holocaust scholar, was sued by Holocaust denier David Irving for libel. It stars Rachel Weisz, Tom Wilkinson, Timothy Spall, Andrew Scott, Jack Lowden, Caren Pistorius and Alex Jennings.

Denial premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on 11 September 2016. It was theatrically released in the United States by Bleecker Street on 30 September 2016, and in the United Kingdom by Entertainment One on 27 January 2017.

Dina Rabinovitch

Dina Rabinovitch (9 June 1962 – 30 October 2007) was a British journalist and writer who wrote a column for The Guardian.

Born in Charleston, South Carolina, she was the fifth of six children born to the Halakhist Rabbi Dr. Nahum Rabinovitch. The family later moved to Toronto for a short period before settling in London. Rabinovitch was educated at Hasmonean High School, Henrietta Barnett School, the London School of Economics (International Relations, 1993) and the University of East Anglia (MA Creative Writing, 2000).An Orthodox Jew, she lived in London with her children and her second husband, lawyer Anthony Julius. She was the mother of four children of her own.

English PEN

English PEN is the founding centre of PEN International, the worldwide writers’ association. Established in 1921, the organisation promotes freedom of expression and literature across frontiers. English PEN is a registered charity in England & Wales, and is governed by a board of trustees that is elected from and by members. The current President of English PEN is Philippe Sands. The Director is Jo Glanville.


"Gerontion" is a poem by T. S. Eliot that was first published in 1920. The work relates the opinions and impressions of a gerontic, or elderly man, through a dramatic monologue which describes Europe after World War I through the eyes of a man who has lived the majority of his life in the 19th century. Eliot considered using this already published poem as a preface to The Waste Land, but decided to keep it as an independent poem. Along with "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" and The Waste Land, and other works published by Eliot in the early part of his career, '"Gerontion" discusses themes of religion, sexuality, and other general topics of modernist poetry.

Irving v Penguin Books Ltd

David Irving v Penguin Books and Deborah Lipstadt is a case in English law against American author Deborah Lipstadt and her publisher Penguin Books, filed in the High Court of Justice by the British author David Irving in 1996, asserting that Lipstadt had libelled him in her book Denying the Holocaust. The court ruled that Irving's claim of libel relating to English defamation law and Holocaust denial was not valid because Lipstadt's claim that he had deliberately distorted evidence had been shown to be substantially true. English libel law puts the burden of proof on the defence, meaning that it was up to Lipstadt and her publisher to prove that her claims of Irving's deliberate misrepresentation of evidence to conform to his ideological viewpoints were substantially true.

Lipstadt hired British lawyer Anthony Julius while Penguin hired libel experts Kevin Bays and Mark Bateman of media law firm Davenport Lyons. Richard J. Evans, an established historian, was hired by the defence to serve as an expert witness. Evans spent two years examining Irving's work, and presented evidence of Irving's misrepresentations, including evidence that Irving had knowingly used forged documents as source material. Of utmost importance was the role played by another expert witness for the defence, the renowned Holocaust historian Christopher Browning. Upon mutual agreement, the case was argued as a bench trial before Mr. Justice Gray, who produced a written judgment 349 pages long in favour of the defendants, in which he detailed Irving's systematic distortion of the historical record of the Holocaust and Hitler's role therein.

John Burns

John Elliot Burns (20 October 1858 – 24 January 1943) was an English trade unionist and politician, particularly associated with London politics and Battersea. He was a socialist and then a Liberal Member of Parliament and Minister. He was anti-alcohol and a keen sportsman. After retiring from politics, he developed an expertise in London history and coined the phrase "The Thames is liquid history". When the Liberal cabinet made a decision for war on 2 August 1914, he resigned and played no further role in politics.

London Consortium

From 1993 to 2012, The London Consortium was a graduate school in the UK offering multidisciplinary Masters and Doctoral programs in the humanities and cultural studies at the University of London. It was administered by Birkbeck, University of London, one of the constituent colleges of the University of London, and fell under the Humanities list of courses at Birkbeck.

The London Consortium was a collaborative program composed of Birkbeck, the Architectural Association, Institute of Contemporary Arts, the Science Museum and the Tate Gallery. As of 2013, The London Consortium exists solely as a legacy partnership between the constituent institutions for the benefit of the remaining PhD students until the completion of their dissertations.

Mishcon de Reya

Mishcon de Reya LLP is a British law firm with offices in London and New York. Founded in 1937, it currently employs more than 900 people with over 500 lawyers. It is regarded as forming part of the "Silver Circle" of leading UK law firms.In March 2017, the firm was announced Law Firm of the Year at the Legal Business Awards. Mishcon de Reya achieved revenue of £149.4m in 2016/17: a increase on 2015/16. PEP (Profit per Senior Equity Partner) hit £1.1m in 2017, a 10% increase on 2015/16.

North Peace River

North Peace River was the name of a provincial electoral district in the Canadian province of British Columbia. It first appeared in the general election of 1956 and last appeared in the general election of 1986. It and neighbouring South Peace River were formed by the partition of the old Peace River riding

Portuguese-based creole languages

Portuguese creoles are creole languages which have Portuguese as their substantial lexifier. The most widely-spoken creole influenced by Portuguese is the Cape Verdean Creole.

Simon Schama

Sir Simon Michael Schama, CBE, FRSL, FBA (; born 13 February 1945) is an English historian specialising in art history, Dutch history, Jewish history and French history. He is a University Professor of History and Art History at Columbia University, New York.He first came to public attention with his history of the French Revolution titled Citizens, published in 1989. In the United Kingdom, he is perhaps best known for writing and hosting the 15-part BBC television documentary series A History of Britain broadcast between 2000 and 2002.Schama was knighted in the 2018 Queen's Birthday Honours List.

T. S. Eliot

Thomas Stearns Eliot, (26 September 1888 – 4 January 1965), "one of the twentieth century's major poets" was also an essayist, publisher, playwright, and literary and social critic. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States, to a prominent Boston Brahmin family, he moved to England in 1914 at the age of 25, settling, working, and marrying there. He became a British subject in 1927 at the age of 39, renouncing his American passport.Eliot attracted widespread attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (1915), which was seen as a masterpiece of the Modernist movement. It was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including The Waste Land (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), and Four Quartets (1943). He was also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) and The Cocktail Party (1949). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948, "for his outstanding, pioneer contribution to present-day poetry".

Transgressive art

Transgressive art is art that aims to transgress; i.e. to outrage or violate basic morals and sensibilities. The term transgressive was first used in this sense by American filmmaker Nick Zedd and his Cinema of Transgression in 1985. Zedd used it to describe his legacy with underground film-makers like Paul Morrissey, John Waters, and Kenneth Anger, and the relationship they shared with Zedd and his New York City peers in the early 1980s.

Trials of the Diaspora

Trials of the Diaspora: A History of Anti-Semitism in England is a 2010 book by Anthony Julius.The American literary critic Harold Bloom, writing in The New York Times, praised the book as "a strong, somber book on an appalling subject: the long squalor of Jew-hatred in a supposedly enlightened, humane, liberal society". In Bloom's opinion, Julius is "a truth-teller, and authentic enough to stand against the English literary and academic establishment, which essentially opposes the right of the state of Israel to exist, while indulging in the humbuggery that its anti-Zionism is not anti-Semitism," and lauds the "fierce relevance" of the book at a time of rising anti-Semitism. Jonathan Freedland in The New Republic describes Creating Trials, a "magisterial and definitive history of a thousand years of anti-Semitism in England."By contrast, British historian Dominic Sandbrook wrote in the London Daily Telegraph: "Many readers... will part company with Julius in his final chapters, where he effectively suggests that criticism of Israel is inextricably bound up with anti-Semitism"; and concluded: "This strident tub-thumping is unworthy of such a learned author, and makes an unsatisfying conclusion to an otherwise thoughtful and impressive book."Geoffrey Alderman described Creating Trials as "set(ting) down several markers against which all future discussion of anti-Jewish prejudice – not just in England or the UK – will need to be measured". Among these are the idea that antisemitism is rooted in Christianity, and the blood libel was a largely English creation; that anti-Zionism is, in Alderman's words, "nothing more than a fig leaf" pretending to cover the ugly reality of racist, anti-semitic anti-Zionism; thirdly, that the British Left has a long and shameful history of antisemitism; and, lastly, that what Alderman calls the "toxic brew" of antisemitic anti-Zionism in Britain has become so dominant that public discourse and even university classrooms are now dominated by "history... rewritten as fiction" serving "to delegitimise the Jewish state and thus to denigrate and defame the Jewish people. And that is what anti-Semitism is all about".

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