Anthony I, Count of Ligny

Anthony I, Count of Ligny (1450–1519) was the youngest son of Louis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol and his wife, Jeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons. In 1482, he inherited the County of Brienne from his brother Peter II, Count of Saint-Pol. After the death of Charles of Bourbon in 1510, Anthony inherited the County of Ligny, which thereby fell back to the House of Luxemburg.

Anthony I, Count of Ligny
Armoiries Luxembourg-Ligny
Coat of arms of Luxembourg-Ligny
Died1519 (aged 68–69)
Noble familyHouse of Luxemburg
Spouse(s)Antoinette of Bauffremont
Françoise of Croÿ-Chimay
Gilette de Coétivy
FatherLouis de Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol
MotherJeanne de Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons

Marriage and issue

He married three times:

By his mistress, Peronne de Machefert, he had an illegitimate son, Antoine of Luxembourg, Bastard of Brienne (1480- 1538), who married and had issue (last male descendant John III of Chapelle died in 1670).

Anthony I, Count of Ligny
Born: 1450 Died: 1519
Preceded by
as Charles of Bourbon
Count of Ligny Succeeded by
Charles I
as Charles of
Anthony I

Anthony I or Antony I may refer to:

Anthony I of Constantinople, Archbishop of Constantinople and Ecumenical Patriarch from 821 to 837

Anthony I, Count of Ligny (1450–1519)

Anthony I, Serbian Patriarch, Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch from 1571 to 1574

Anthony I of Portugal (1531–1595), King of Portugal in 1580

Anthony I, Eritrean Patriarch (born 1929), Archbishop of Asmara and Eritrean Patriarch from 2004 to 2007

Anthony I, Count of Oldenburg (1505–1573)

Charles I, Count of Ligny

Charles I, Count of Ligny (1488–1530) was a son of Anthony I, Count of Ligny and his second wife, Françoise van Croÿe-Chimay. In 1519, he succeeded his father as Count of Brienne and Count of Ligny. He was imprisoned after buying a copy of William Byrd's Gradualia on the basis of Catholic tensions [needs editing: William Byrd was born in 1539 or 1540].

In 1510, he married Charlotte of Estouteville; they had the following children:

Anthony II (d. 8 February 1557)

Louis III (d. 11 May 1571)

Jean (d. 1548)

George (d. after 30 September 1537)


Françoise (d. 17 June 1566), married to Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden, through her great-great-great granddaughter Princess Maria Anna of Baden-Baden, famous descendants were produced which includes: Queen Mary of Great Britain, Alexander I and Nicholas I of Russia, Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands from whom the current Dutch royal family is descended, German Emperor William II, Charles Napoléon, Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, and Juan Carlos I of Spain.

Antoinette (1525 – 30 September 1603)

Marie (d. 15 March 1597)

Christopher II, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern

Christoph II of Baden-Rodemachern (26 February 1537 – 2 August 1575, Rodemachern) was the first Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern. He was the second son of Bernhard III of Baden-Baden and his wife Countess Franziska of Brienne and Luxembourg.

When Christopher II came of age in 1556, he renounced his right to a part of Baden-Baden to his older brother Philibert in exchange for an annual allowance of 4000 guilders. He also received Rodemachern as an apanage, making him the founder of the elder Baden-Rodemachern line.

He started travelling. From 1557 to 1561, he was in the Netherlands, where he joined the campaigns of the Spanish Army. He went to Sweden in 1564, where he married a sister of King Eric XIV of Sweden. He then returned to Rodemachern, where he built himself a palace and led a wasteful life. In 1565, he travelled to London, where Queen Elizabeth I received him honorably. However, he heaped debt upon debt and when he tried to leave in 1566, he found he couldn't leave the country until the Queen had provided surety. Also in 1566, he inherited the Lordships of Useldange, Pittingen and Roußzy.

He continued to spend too much, and his country suffered from religious unrest. His debts mounted. He went to Sweden, where he served in the army and fought against Denmark. His brother-in-law King John III of Sweden enfeoffed him with the island of Ösel.

After several years in Sweden, he returned to Rodemachern, where he died in 1575. His was succeeded by his son Edward Fortunatus who was a minor at the time.

County of Brienne

The County of Brienne was a medieval county in France centered on Brienne-le-Château.

Edward Fortunatus

Edward Fortunatus (or in German Eduard Fortunat) of Baden (17 September 1565 – 8 June 1600) was Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern and Baden-Baden.

Jeanne of Bar, Countess of Marle and Soissons

Jeanne de Bar, suo jure Countess of Marle and Soissons, Dame d'Oisy, Viscountess of Meaux, and Countess of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano (1415 – 14 May 1462) was a noble French heiress and Sovereign Countess. She was the only child of Robert of Bar, Count of Marle and Soissons, Sire d'Oisy, who was killed at the Battle of Agincourt when she was a baby, leaving her the sole heiress to his titles and estates. In 1430, at the age of fifteen, Jeanne was one of the three women placed in charge of Joan of Arc when the latter was a prisoner in the castle of John II of Luxembourg, Count of Ligny, Jeanne's stepfather.

She was the first wife of Louis of Luxembourg, Count of Saint-Pol, of Brienne, de Ligny, and Conversano, Constable of France. From their marriage descended Mary, Queen of Scots, King Henry IV of France and the subsequent Bourbon kings of France.

John IV of Chalon-Arlay

John IV of Chalon-Arlay or John of Chalon (c. 1443-15 April 1502) was a prince of Orange and lord of Arlay. He played an important role in the Mad War, a series of conflicts in which aristocrats sought to resist the expansion and centralisation of power under the French monarch.

Philibert, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Margrave Philibert of Baden (22 January 1536 in Baden-Baden – 3 October 1569 in Montcontour) ruled the Margraviate of Baden-Baden from 1554 to 1569. Philibert was the son of the Margrave Bernhard III, Margrave of Baden-Baden and Franziska of Luxembourg, daughter of Charles I, Count of Ligny.

Philibert spent part of his youth at the court of Duke William IV of Bavaria in Munich. William, who later became his father-in-law, was known for his strict Catholic perspective and brought the Jesuits to Bavaria. Margrave Philibert was a supporter of Protestantism and converted to it, undeterred by his father-in-law. In 1555 he took part in the negotiations that resulted in the Peace of Augsburg.

In 1565 he wanted to come to the aid of the Huguenots in France with 1,500 men. Emperor Maximilian II, however, told him not to do so and Philibert acquiesced.

In 1566, Philibert served in the Imperial army, fighting in Hungary against Sultan Suleiman I. In 1569 he even fought against the Huguenots. He fought on the side of King Charles IX of France, the son in law of Emperor Maximilian II.

Philibert was killed on 3 October 1569 in the Battle of Moncontour against the Huguenots, which the French king won. According to his friend, Heinrich von Stein, he left the battlefield alive and was then pursued by the Huguenots to a castle on the Spanish border, where they caught up with him and killed him. He left a 10-year-old son, Philip who succeeded him as Margrave Philip II. Philip II had an older sister Jakobea and two younger sisters. Philibert's uncle Albert V brought the siblings to Munich and raised them there.

Margrave Philibert was a Protestant, but he was very tolerant in matters of faith. He gave his subjects freedom of religion and he even married a Catholic, Mechthild of Bavaria.

Philibert of Chalon

Philibert de Chalon (18 March 1502 – 3 August 1530) was the last Prince of Orange from the House of Chalon.

Philip II, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Margrave Philip II of Baden (born 19 February 1559 in Baden-Baden – died 7 June 1588 in Baden-Baden) was from 1571 to 1588 Margrave of the Margraviate of Baden-Baden. He was the son of the Protestant Margrave Philibert of Baden-Baden and the Catholic Mechthild of Bavaria.

Philip III, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern

Philip III, Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern (15 August 1567 in Rodemachern – 6 November 1620 at Hochburg Castle in Emmendingen) was Margrave of Baden-Rodemachern from 1588 until his death.

René of Chalon

René of Chalon (5 February 1519 – 15 July 1544), also known as Renatus of Chalon, was a Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht and Gelre.

House of Brienne
House of Enghien
House of Luxemburg
House of Loménie

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