Anthony Costello FMedSci FRCPCH FRCP (born 20 February 1953) is a British paediatrician. Until 2015. Costello was Professor of International Child Health and Director of the Institute for Global Health at the University College London. Costello was most notable for his work on improving survival among mothers and their newborn infants in poor populations of developing countries.
Anthony Costello, taken in 2016
|Born||20 February 1953|
|Education||St Joseph's Academy, Blackheath|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge, Middlesex Hospital|
|Known for||Improving the health of newborn infants and mothers in developing countries|
|Awards||James Spence Medal|
|Institutions||University College London|
|Doctoral students||Joy Lawn|
Costello was born in Beckenham, and graduated from school at St Joseph's Academy, Blackheath. Costello attended St Catharine's College, Cambridge where was awarded a degree in Experimental Psychology and qualified as a doctor in Medical Sciences after clinical training at the Middlesex Hospital in London. He then trained in Paediatrics and Neonatology at University College London.
After living in Baglung district in western Nepal from 1984–1986, two days walk from a road, he became interested in challenges to mother and child health in poor, remote populations. His areas of scientific expertise include the evaluation of cost-effective interventions to reduce maternal and newborn deaths, women’s groups, strategies to tackle malnutrition, international aid and the health effects of climate change. In 1999 he published a pioneering book on how to improve newborn infant health in developing countries.
With a Nepali organisation (MIRA), that he helped to establish, a large community trial of participatory learning and action using women’s groups in the remote mountains of Makwanpur District, Nepal was published in The Lancet in 2004. He went on to establish partnerships and further studies with local organisations in East India, Mumbai, Bangladesh and Malawi. Seven cluster randomised controlled trials of women’s groups in Nepal, India, Bangladesh and Malawi, led to a meta-analysis published in the Lancet in May 2013.
Results showed that in populations where more than 30% of pregnant women joined the women's group programme, maternal death and newborn deaths were cut by one third. The intervention has now been recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for scale-up in poor, rural populations.
Costello chaired the 2009 Lancet Commission on Managing the Health Effects of Climate Change, and was co-chair of a new Lancet Commission which links the UK, China, Norway and Sweden on emergency actions to tackle the climate health crisis, published in June 2015.
At WHO he has helped to lead the Global Strategy for Women’s, Children’s and Adolescents’ Health (2016‒2030) with its three objectives of surviving, thriving and transforming – to end preventable mortality, to promote health and well-being, and to expand enabling environments. Its guiding principles include equity, universality, human rights, development effectiveness and sustainability.
With the WHO team, Costello has also launched the global accelerated action for the health of adolescents (AA-HA!) and established an expert review group called Maternal and Newborn Information for tracking Outcomes and Results (MONITOR) to harmonize maternal and newborn health indicators.
In February 2017, together with UNICEF and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Costello helped to launch the Network for Improving Quality of Care for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health to introduce evidence-based intervention's to improve quality of care for maternal and newborn health supported by a learning system. The Network aims to improve care in Ethiopia, Nigeria,India, Bangladesh, Malawi, Côte d'Ivoire, Uganda, Tanzania and Ghana. He also leads work on community empowerment for family health - what it means, how to measure it, and how to plan interventions at the district level.
With the Lancet he is a co-chair of their new Countdown Commission on Climate Change which reports progress annually on climate change adaptation, mitigation, economics, energy policy and public engagement. With UNICEF he is helping WHO to coordinate a new Lancet Commission on redesigning child health for the Sustainable Development Goals era.
Costello holds fellowships of the Academy of Medical Sciences and of the Royal College of Physicians. In April 2011, Costello received the James Spence Medal, the highest honour of the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health where he is a fellow. He serves on the Board of the global Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health, chaired by Dr Graca Machel. In May 2016 he received the BMJ Lifetime Achievement Award. 
Costello and his wife, Helen, have two sons, Harry and Ned, and one daughter, Freya.
Anne Greenough (born August 1954 in Newcastle upon Tyne) is a British neonatologist and is most notable for research into clinical and academic neonatology through work relating to the origins, markers and management of chronic lung disease following preterm birth. Greenough is Professor of Neonatology and Clinical Respiratory Physiology at King's College London.David Dunger
David Dunger is paediatric endocrinologist and chair of paediatrics at the University of Cambridge. Dunger is most notable for research into three areas, pathogenesis of type 1 diabetes and its complications, perinatal origins of risk for obesity and type 2 diabetes, and experimental medicine.David Hull (paediatrician)
Sir David Hull (born 4 August 1932) is a British paediatrician. Hull was most notable for research and for a paper he published in 1963 in the Journal of Physiology with Michael Dawkins, about research into brown fat, an adipose-like tissue found in hibernating animals and in the human Infant and for later contributions considered outstanding in research conducted on Lipid metabolism and Thermoregulation.Douglas Vernon Hubble
Sir Douglas Vernon Hubble (25 December 1900 – 6 November 1981) was a paediatric endocrinologist, general practitioner, and professor of paediatrics and dean of medicine at the University of Birmingham. Hubble was principally notable for research into paediatric endocrinology and publishing a number of papers on the subject, which gave him a national reputation.Hugh Jackson (paediatrician)
Robert Hugh Jackson OBE MC (9 May 1918 – 5 October 2013) was a British paediatrician most notable for his campaign to introduce childproof packaging to medicine.Ieuan Hughes
Ieuan Arwel Hughes is a paediatric endocrinologist and a emeritus professor of paediatrics at the University of Cambridge. Hughes is most notable for long-standing research into disorders of sex development (DSD), established one of the largest and most comprehensive databases of cases of DSD including publishing the Consensus on DSD management framework which, barely eight years after its publication, is now already accepted worldwide as the framework for care of patients and families with DSD.James Spence Medal
James Spence Medal was a medal that was first struck in 1960, six years after the death of the paediatrician James Calvert Spence and is awarded for outstanding contributions to the advancement or clarification of paediatric knowledge and is the highest honour bestowed by The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health.John Davis (paediatrician)
John Allen Davis (born 6 August 1923) was a paediatrician and the first professor of paediatrics at the University of Cambridge, later becoming emeritus. Davis was most notable for major research contributions to newborn physiology, particularly to the understanding of apnoea in the neonatal period.Mary Sheridan
Mary Dorothy Sheridan, OBE, FFCM (1899 – 14 February 1978) was an English paediatrician and public health officer who pioneered the study of child development.Neil McIntosh (paediatrician)
Neil McIntosh (born 1942) is a British and Scottish paediatrician and neonatologist who was most notable for being the leading writer of a pivotal article that defined standards of ethical behaviour in paediatrics, including withdrawal of newborn intensive care. McIntosh is emeritus professor of Neonatology and Child Life and Health at the University of Edinburgh. During McIntosh's career he has researched mineral metabolism in preterm infants, computerised acquisition of physiological data in Neonatal Intensive Care Nursing, and recently an animal model of retinopathy of prematurity.Night Moves (1975 film)
Night Moves is a 1975 American neo-noir film directed by Arthur Penn. It stars Gene Hackman, Jennifer Warren, Susan Clark, and features early career appearances by Melanie Griffith and James Woods.
Hackman was nominated for the BAFTA Award for his portrayal of Harry Moseby, a private investigator. The film has been called "a seminal modern noir work from the 1970s", which refers to its relationship with the film noir tradition of detective films. The original screenplay is by Scottish writer Alan Sharp.
Although Night Moves was not considered particularly successful at the time of its release, it has attracted viewers and significant critical attention following its videotape and DVD releases. In 2010, Manohla Dargis described it as "the great, despairing Night Moves (1975), with Gene Hackman as a private detective who ends up circling the abyss, a no-exit comment on the post-1968, post-Watergate times."Peter Dunn (paediatrician)
Peter MacNaughton Dunn, FRCP, FRCOG, FRCPCH (born 1929) is a British paediatrician. Dunn was most notable for introducing into the UK the Gregory box in 1971, that provides Continuous positive airway pressure in the treatment of infant respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn and conducting research into Hip dysplasia and fetal adaptation to extrauterine life. Dunn was also notable for being known for founding the charity association British Association of Perinatal Medicine.Ryan Costello
Ryan Anthony Costello (born September 7, 1976) is an American attorney and politician from the state of Pennsylvania. A Republican, Costello served as the U.S. Representative for Pennsylvania's 6th congressional district from 2015 to 2019. He was first elected to the House in 2014. He previously served on the Chester County Board of Commissioners (2011–2015), and as its chair from 2013 to 2015. He announced his retirement from the United States House of Representatives in 2018 on MSNBC, stating that he would not seek reelection.Sheila Shribman
Sheila Shribman is a British pediatrician. Shribman was most notable for the successful integration of children's services in hospital, community and mental health settings, working closely with the local authority.The Invisible Enemy (The Outer Limits)
"The Invisible Enemy" is an episode of the original The Outer Limits television show. It first aired on October 31, 1964, during the series' second season.The Molly Maguires (film)
The Molly Maguires is a 1970 American historical drama film directed by Martin Ritt, starring Richard Harris and Sean Connery. It is based on a 1964 novel by Arthur H. Lewis.Set in late 19th century Northeastern Pennsylvania, this social drama tells the story of an undercover detective sent to a coal mining community to expose a secret society of Irish-American miners battling exploitation at the hand of the owners. Partly inspired by a true story, the film portrays the rebellious leader of the Molly Maguires and his will to achieve social justice.UCL Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences
The UCL Faculty of Social and Historical Sciences is one of the 11 constituent faculties of University College London (UCL). The current dean is Stephen Smith.UCL Institute for Global Health
The UCL Institute for Global Health (IGH) is an academic department of the Faculty of Population Health Sciences of University College London (UCL) and is located in London, United Kingdom. It was founded in 1964 by David Morley as the Tropical Child Health Unit. Originally a unit within the UCL Institute of Child Health, IGH became independent in August 2013 with Professor Anthony Costello as director.Wilfrid Payne
Wilfrid Walter Payne FRCP (25 March 1894 in Brighton – 28 December 1978) was a British pediatrician with his job title also being biochemist and chemical pathologist He was notable for developing flame photometry and chromatography, enzymology, fat balances and chylomicron counting, and for conducting research on gastroenteritis, calcium and phosphorus metabolism, and on coeliac and fibrocystic diseases.
Recipients of the James Spence Medal