Anthology film

An anthology film (also known as an omnibus film, package film, or portmanteau film) is a subgenre of films consisting of several different short films, often tied together by only a single theme, premise, or brief interlocking event (often a turning point). Sometimes each one is directed by a different director. These differ from "revue films" such as Paramount on Parade (1930)—which were common in Hollywood in the early sound film era to show off their stars and related vaudeville-style acts—composite films, and compilation films.

Sometimes there is a theme, such as a place (e.g. New York Stories, Paris, je t'aime), a person (e.g. Four Rooms), or a thing (e.g. Twenty Bucks, Coffee and Cigarettes), that is present in each story and serves to bind them together. Two of the earliest films to use the form were Edmund Goulding's Grand Hotel (1932), released by MGM with an all-star cast; and Paramount's If I Had a Million (also 1932), featuring segments helmed by a number of directors.


European directors such as Roberto Rossellini directed anthology films such as L'Amore (segments: "Il Miracolo" and "Una voce umana") (1948), Les Sept péchés capitaux (segment: "Envie, L'Envy") (1952), Siamo donne (segment: "Ingrid Bergman") (1953), and Amori di mezzo secolo (segment: "Napoli 1943") (1954). American studios soon followed with films like Quartet (1948) based on stories by W. Somerset Maugham. This led to two sequels, Trio (1950) and Encore (1951), as well as imitators like O. Henry's Full House (1952) and Actor's and Sin (1952).

Sometimes there is one "top-level" story, a framing device, which leads into the various "sub-stories", as in Intolerance (1916), Tales of Manhattan (1942), Flesh and Fantasy (1943), Dead of Night (1945), and The Illustrated Man (1968). Dead of Night helped to popularize the format for horror films—although they had existed as far back as Unheimliche Geschichten (1919)—and British company Amicus made several such films in the 1960s and 1970s.

The 1989 film New York Stories consists of three segments directed by Martin Scorsese, Francis Ford Coppola and Woody Allen.

The Red Violin (1998) could also be considered a portmanteau film, since the storylines revolve around the various owners of a precious sixteenth-century violin through the centuries. Similarly, 1964's The Yellow Rolls-Royce follows the owners of the titular vehicle.

Gene Kelly's 1956 all-dance film Invitation to the Dance consisted of three distinct stories, each different in tone and with its own plot line. Kelly appeared in each of the stories as different characters.

Four Rooms is also an anthology film which follows the protagonist and his misadventures in four different rooms of a hotel. The four different segments (or rooms) were all directed by different directors.

Eros is an anthology film tied by the themes of eroticism and desire. Developed by French-based producer Stéphane Tchalgadjieff and headlined by Italian director Michelangelo Antonioni, the three segments were each directed by acclaimed directors, including Antonioni, Hong Kong director Wong Kar Wai and American director Steven Soderbergh. Initially, Spanish director Pedro Almodovar was to direct a segment, but was unable to do so and was replaced by Soderbergh. Of the three segments, Kar Wai's The Hand received universal acclaim, while Soderbergh's segment Equilibrium garnered a lukewarm reception and Antonioni's segment The Dangerous Thread of Things was critically panned.

Mohsen Abdolvahab's debut Please Do Not Disturb (2010) was a widely acclaimed tri-segmented Iranian anthology film.

Anthology films are often mistaken with hyperlink cinema. Hyperlink cinema shows bits of many stories throughout the movie, whereas anthology films show story segments of one at a time. Some mistaken examples include Pulp Fiction and Amores Perros, distributing their storylines non-chronologically, separated by segments.

V/H/S is a 2012 American anthology horror film created by Brad Miska[1] and Bloody Disgusting. It features a series of five unrelated found-footage horror shorts tied together by a frame narrative. The film spawned two sequels, V/H/S/2 (2013), and V/H/S: Viral (2014), and a spin-off, SiREN (2016).

On November 16, 2018, the Coen Brothers' American Western anthology film, The Ballad of Buster Scruggs, was released on a limited theater run and on Netflix a week later. The film contains six separate stories written and directed by the Coen Brothers, which they wrote and accumulated over the last 25 years.

In India

Sirikkathe, a Tamil film released in 1939, is considered the first anthology film in India.[2][3]

The 1961 Bengali film Teen Kanya by Satyajit Ray, based on three short stories by Rabindranath Tagore, belongs to this genre.

Chithramela, a Malayalam film directed by T. S. Muthaiah, and Kathasangama, a Kannada film directed by Puttanna Kanagal in 1975, are some of the earliest portmanteau films from India.

Recent anthology films from Bollywood include Ram Gopal Varma's Darna Mana Hai and its sequel Darna Zaroori Hai. Dus Kahaniyaan is also a noted portmanteau film from Bollywood.

Love Sex aur Dhokha, directed by Dibakar Banerjee also belong to this genre of films. While the characters of the part 'Sex' work in the supermarket, the characters of 'Love' and 'Dhokha' visits the market and acquainted with the protagonists of 'Sex'.

In Kannada Cinema famous director S. R. Puttanna Kanagal's 1976 film Katha Sangama is the first attempt in making anthology films.But the audience did not accepted this movie.However today Katha Sangama counted as one of the cult movie in Kannada Cinema history.It is made by three different stories of different authors.

Recently in 2010, V. K. Prakash's Kannada movie Aidondla Aidu attracted people to theatres.People accepted the movie.He used author Jayaprakash Koloor's five stories in this movie.

An Indian Malayalam movie, Kerala Cafe (2009) includes 10 different stories packed up in a single movie by Ranjith, a well known Malayalam film director. The ten stories are directed by ten directors and more importantly, every film has a different team for its making. Another Malayalam Example is 5 Sundarikal which had 5 Different Short-Movies. It also pays tribute to Indian film industry on its centenary. Yauvanam/Vandikkari (1974) and Adoor Gopalakrishnan's Naalu Pennungal (2007) are two other portmanteau films in Malayalam.

Bombay Talkies is an Indian anthology film consisting of four short films, directed by Anurag Kashyap, Dibakar Banerjee, Zoya Akhtar and Karan Johar. The film was released on May 3, 2013, to mark the centenary year of Indian cinema.

Solo is a 2017 Indian bilingual anthology romantic thriller directed by Bejoy Nambiar, telling the story of four different people all played by Dulquer Salmaan, each story revolving around four different elements: Earth, Fire, Wind and Water, each with the different facets of Lord Shiva

In Assamese Cinema, Samiran Barua Ahi Ase was the first attempt to make a film based on Anthology consisting of four chapters revolving around a leader of a terrorist outfit. Based on a story by Journalist Manoj Kumar Goswami and directed by Prodyut Kumar Deka, the film received official entry in the 12th Kolkata International film festival in 2012.[4][5] Rum Vodka Whiskey, a film consisting of three love stories, directed by Prasant Saikia also belongs to this genre.[6]

Ji Galpar Ses Nai is a 2019 Assamese Anthology film by three directors Prodyut Kumar Deka, Prasant Saikia and Utpal Datta. Loneliness links the three different films based on stories by Maupassant, Balzac and Homen Borgohain.[7][8][9]

Package film

Package film is a film consisting of several short films, often a feature-length compilation of short subjects in animation.

See also


  1. ^ Smith, Nigel N. [ Bloody Disgusting Founder and "V/H/S" Producer Brad Miska On Why the Found-Footage Movie Is Here To Stay". Indiewire. Retrieved 2016-03-06.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Assamese Film News: In mid March "Samiran Baruah Ahi Ase" (সমীৰণ বৰুৱা আহি আছে)". 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  5. ^ "'Samiran barua finally arrives'".
  6. ^ "'Rum Vodka Whisky – a new age Assamese film'".
  7. ^ "New Assamese Film Launched".
  8. ^ "A New Experiment".
  9. ^ "Loneliness links three stories".
60 Seconds of Solitude in Year Zero

60 Seconds of Solitude in Year Zero is a 2011 anthology film, a one-time-only event that took place in the Port of Tallinn, Estonia on 22 December 2011. The film is a collection of one-minute short films created by 60 filmmakers from around the world on the theme of the death of cinema.The project, developed as an ode to 35mm film and dedicated to preserving the freedom of thought in cinema, was conceived by Veiko Õunpuu with Taavi Eelmaa and funded by the 2011 European Capital of Culture Tallinn, the Estonian Ministry of Culture and the EU-Japan Fest Committee.

8 (2008 film)

8 is an anthology film consisting of eight short films centered on the eight Millennium Development Goals.

Anthology Film Archives

Anthology Film Archives is an international center for the preservation, study, and exhibition of film and video, with a particular focus on independent, experimental, and avant-garde cinema. The film archive and theater is located at 32 Second Avenue on the southeast corner of East 2nd Street, in a New York City historic district in the East Village neighborhood of Manhattan.


Chaar (English: Four) is an Indian Bengali anthology film, directed by Sandip Ray and produced by Shrikant Mohta, Mahendra Soni and Nispal Singh under the banner of Shree Venkatesh Films and Surinder Films. It based on four stories by different writers- Bateswarer Abodan by Parasuram, Porikkha by Sharadindu Bandyopadhyay, Kagtarua and Dui Bondhu by Satyajit Ray. The film features Saswata Chatterjee, Abir Chatterjee, Koel Mallick, Paran Bandopadhyay in the lead roles, and Sreelekha Mitra, Sudipta Chakraborty, Pijush Ganguly in the supporting roles.

Compilation film

A compilation film, or compilation movie is a film edited from previously released or archive footage, but compiled in a new order of appearance.

The video footage can be combined with new commentary and new footage, but most of the footage of a compilation film consists of archive or stock footage that has been used in earlier, different movies. Sometimes it can also be older material shot again, but with a higher budget.

The quality of these types of films is variable. Sometimes the archive footage is just edited behind each other, without adding anything new. Because of running time limits some footage can be shortened or expanded with short, new footage in an effort to make everything seamlessly flow together into each other. These transitions are not always unnoticeable.

Fahadh Faasil

Fahadh Faasil is an Indian film actor and producer, who works in the Malayalam film industry. Fahadh began his film career at the age of 19 by starring in the leading role in his father Fazil's 2002 romantic film Kaiyethum Doorath, which was a critical and commercial failure. After a gap of six years, Fahadh made his comeback with the anthology film Kerala Cafe (2009), in the short film Mrityunjayam. He attained public attention for his role as Arjun in the thriller film Chaappa Kurishu (2011). Fahad won his first Kerala State Film Award, the Best Supporting Actor Award for his performance in Chaappa Kurishu along with his performance in Akam. He achieved critical acclaim and recognition for his roles as Cyril in 22 Female Kottayam (2012) and Dr Arun Kumar in Diamond Necklace (2012). He won his first Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his role in 22 Female Kottayam.Fahadh achieved further critical and commercial success for his films in 2013, including his performances in the romantic-drama film Annayum Rasoolum, the black-comedy satire film Amen, the road movie North 24 Kaatham, the drama film Artist, and the romantic-comedy Oru Indian Pranayakatha. He won the Kerala State Film Award for Best Actor for his performances as Michael in Artist and Harikrishnan in North 24 Kaatham. He also won his second Filmfare Award for Best Actor for his role in North 24 Kaatham. He followed it up by starring as Shivadas in the coming-of-age drama film Bangalore Days (2014), which ranks among the highest-grossing Malayalam films. He produced and starred as Aloshy in the 2014 period film Iyobinte Pusthakam under his production company, Fahadh Faasil and Friends Pvt Ltd. Fahadh had roles as Mahesh Bhavana in Maheshinte Prathikaaram (2016), Indian diplomat Manoj Abraham in Take Off (2017), and Prasad in Thondimuthalum Driksakshiyum (2017), with Maheshinte Prathikaaram and Thondimuthalum Driksakshiyum winning the Best Feature Film in Malayalam Award at the 64th and 65th National Film Awards. He won the National Film Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in Thondimuthalum Driksakshiyum (2017).In 2018, he acted as Prakashan in the film Njan Prakashan which ranks among highest-grossing Malayalam films and as Aby in the film Varathan.Fahadh is married to actress Nazriya Nazim.

Flesh and Fantasy

Flesh and Fantasy is a 1943 American anthology film directed by Julien Duvivier, starring Edward G. Robinson, Charles Boyer, Robert Cummings, and Barbara Stanwyck. The making of this film was inspired by the success of Duvivier's previous anthology film, the 1942 Tales of Manhattan. Flesh and Fantasy tells three stories, unrelated but with a supernatural theme, by Ellis St. Joseph, Oscar Wilde, and László Vadnay. Tying together the three segments is a conversation about the occult between two clubmen, one played by humorist Robert Benchley.

It's a Big Country

It's a Big Country: An American Anthology is a 1951 anthology film consisting of eight segments directed by seven directors: Clarence Brown, Don Hartman, John Sturges, Richard Thorpe, Charles Vidor, Don Weis, and William A. Wellman.

Kiara Advani

Kiara Advani (born Alia Advani on 31 July 1992) is an Indian actress who predominantly appears in Hindi and Telugu films. After making her acting debut in the 2014 comedy film Fugly, Advani went on to star in several commercial and critically successful films, such as the sports film M.S. Dhoni: The Untold Story (2016), the Netflix anthology film Lust Stories (2018), and the Telugu political drama Bharat Ane Nenu (2018).

List of Indonesian films

A list of films produced in Indonesia by year of release. For films released before 1950, see List of films of the Dutch East Indies.

Love and Anger (film)

Amore e rabbia (Love and Anger) is a 1969 Italian-French anthology film that includes five films directed by five Italian directors and one French director. It premiered at the 19th Berlin International Film Festival in 1969.

Lust Stories

Lust Stories is a 2018 Indian anthology film, consisting of four short film segments directed by Anurag Kashyap, Zoya Akhtar, Dibakar Banerjee, and Karan Johar and a sequel to the 2013 anthology film Bombay Talkies. Co-produced by Ronnie Screwvala of RSVP and Ashi Dua of Flying Unicorn Entertainment, the film has an ensemble cast including Radhika Apte, Bhumi Pednekar, Kiara Advani, Manisha Koirala, Vicky Kaushal, Neil Bhoopalam, Neha Dhupia, Sanjay Kapoor, Jaideep Ahlawat, and Akash Thosar.

O. Henry's Full House

O. Henry's Full House is a 1952 American anthology film made by 20th Century Fox, consisting of five separate stories by O. Henry.The film was produced by André Hakim and directed by five separate directors from five separate screenplays. The music score was composed by Alfred Newman. The film is narrated by author John Steinbeck, who made a rare on-camera appearance to introduce each story.

Rohit Roy

Rohit Roy is an Indian television star, known for his role in Hindi television serials such as Des Mein Niklla Hoga Chand and Swabhimaan. Besides working in television series, Rohit has also acted in notable Bollywood movies such as Kaabil, Ek Khiladi Ek Haseena, Apartment and Plan among others. He starred in the movie Shootout at Lokhandwala, in which he portrayed the character Fattu, one of the gang members. Roy has also directed a short film named Rice Plate – as a part of the anthology film Dus Kahaniyaan.


Stimulantia is a 1967 Swedish anthology film directed by Hans Abramson, Hans Alfredson, Arne Arnbom, Tage Danielsson, Lars Görling, Ingmar Bergman, Jörn Donner, Gustaf Molander, and Vilgot Sjöman.

The Beatles Anthology (book)

The Beatles Anthology is a book published in October 2000 as part of The Beatles Anthology film project. It includes interviews with all four band members, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, and Ringo Starr, and others involved, most notably George Martin, plus over 1,200 rare photos and colorful illustrations. Many of the interviews quoted are from those featured in the documentary films, and additional interviews were conducted specifically for the book (excluding John Lennon's passages, which were accumulated from various archives and sources). The book went straight to the top of the New York Times bestsellers list. In 2002, the book was released as a large-format paperback.

The Evil Clergyman

"The Evil Clergyman" is an excerpt from a letter written by American horror fiction writer H. P. Lovecraft in 1933. After his death, it was published in the April 1939 issue of Weird Tales as a short story. The story was later adapted into the unreleased 1987 anthology film Pulse Pounders.

The letter, to his friend Bernard Austin Dwyer, recounted a dream that Lovecraft had had. Although Lovecraft frequently based stories on his dreams, An H. P. Lovecraft Encyclopedia notes that "[i]t is difficult to say how HPL would have developed this conventional supernatural scenario."

The Hole, New York

The Hole is a small neighborhood in New York City on the border between Brooklyn and Queens. It is a low-lying area, with a ground level that is 30 feet (9.1 m) lower than the surrounding area. The area is run-down, and suffers from frequent flooding. It has been described as a "lost neighborhood", and as resembling a border town from the Wild West. It is generally bordered by Ruby Street, South Conduit Avenue, and Linden Boulevard. Nearby neighborhoods include East New York, Lindenwood, Howard Beach and Ozone Park.

The Hole is home to the New York City Federation of Black Cowboys.In 2004, The Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) made plans to connect the neighborhood to the city's sewer system to combat the flooding by raising the land.In 2010, Filmmakers Courtney Fathom Sell & Billy Feldman made a short documentary about the neighborhood. The film includes interviews with some of the residents as well as members of the Federation of Black Cowboys. The film premiered at Rooftop Films in 2011 and has since been archived at the Brooklyn Historical Society & Anthology Film Archives.

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