Anteros

In Greek mythology, Anteros (Ancient Greek: Ἀντέρως Antérōs) was the god of requited love, literally "love returned" or "counter-love" and also the punisher of those who scorn love and the advances of others, or the avenger of unrequited love.

Anteros was the son of Ares and Aphrodite in Greek mythology, given as a playmate to his brother Eros, who was lonely – the rationale being that love must be answered if it is to prosper. Alternatively, he was said to have arisen from the mutual love between Poseidon and Nerites.[1] Physically, he is depicted as similar to Eros in every way, but with long hair and plumed butterfly wings. He has been described also as armed with either a golden club or arrows of lead.

Anteros, with Eros, was one of a host of winged love gods called Erotes, the ever-youthful winged gods of love, usually depicted as winged boys in the company of Aphrodite or her attendant goddesses.

An altar to Anteros was put up by the metics in Athens in commemoration of the spurned love of the metic Timagoras who was rejected by the Athenian Meles. Upon hearing Timagoras' declaration of love for him, the young man mockingly ordered him to throw himself down from the top of a tall rock. Seeing Timagoras dead, Meles repented and threw himself down from the same rock.[2]

Describing the nature of the emotion, Plato asserts that it is the result of the great love for another person. The lover, inspired by beauty, is filled with divine love and "filling the soul of the loved one with love in return." As a result, the loved one falls in love with the lover, though the love is only spoken of as friendship. They experience pain when the two are apart, and relief when they are together, the mirror image of the lover's feelings, is anteros, or "counter-love."[3]

Anteros is the subject of the Shaftesbury Memorial in Piccadilly Circus, London, where he symbolises the selfless philanthropic love of the Earl of Shaftesbury for the poor. The memorial is sometimes given the name The Angel of Christian Charity and is popularly mistaken for Eros.[4]

Anteros
God of requited love, avenger of unrequited love
Eros-piccadilly-circus
Anteros by Alfred Gilbert, 1893; from the Shaftesbury Memorial in Piccadilly Circus.
AbodeMount Olympus
Symbolgolden club with arrows of lead
Personal information
ParentsAres and Aphrodite or Poseidon and Nerites
Siblings

References

  1. ^ Aelian, On Animals, 14. 28
  2. ^ Pausanias, 1.30.1.
  3. ^ Phaedrus, 255.
  4. ^ Lloyd & Mitchinson (2006) The book of general ignorance "Because of the bow and the nudity... everybody assumed it was Eros, the Greek god of love"
  • Craig E. Stephenson: Anteros. A Forgotten Myth. New York, 2011. ISBN 978-0-415-57230-9
1943 Anteros

1943 Anteros, provisional designation 1973 EC, is a spheroidal, rare-type asteroid and near-Earth object of the Amor group, approximately 2 kilometers in diameter.

It was discovered on 13 March 1973, by American astronomer James Gibson at the Leoncito Astronomical Complex in Argentina, and named for the Greek god Anteros.

Adrestia

Adrestia (Ancient Greek: Ἀδρήστεια) in Greek mythology "she who cannot be escaped" is the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite and known to accompany her father Ares to war. She was venerated as a goddess of revolt, just retribution and sublime balance between good and evil. She was also believed to be another war figure, similar to her brothers Phobos and Deimos.

Adrestia was sometimes portrayed with Nemesis, because of her role in revenge and retribution. She was also portrayed as a handmaiden to Nemesis, and sometimes identical to Nemesis herself, who had the epithet of Adrestia or Adrasteia. She was also sometimes portrayed as Rhamnousia another goddess of retribution, another epithet for Nemesis. The name Adrestia, which is derived by some writers from Adrastus, who is said to have built the first sanctuary of Nemesis on the river Asopus, and by others from the verb διδράσκειν, according to which it would signify the goddess whom none can escape. Adrestia has also been referred to as Adrasteia, who was a Cretan nymph, and daughter of Melisseus, who was charged by Rhea with nurturing the infant Zeus in secret, to protect him from his father Cronus.With so many different epithets, it could be believed that Adrestia developed from certain attributes of multiple supernatural beings to become an independent deity."She whom none can escape". Properly an epithet of Rhea Cybele in her attribute of the Mother who punishes human injustice, which is a transgression of the natural right order of things. The Greeks and Romans identified her with Nemesis.

The union between Ares and Aphrodite produced many children: Eros (the god of love), Anteros (the god of requited love), Phobos (the god of fear), Deimos (the god of terror) and Harmonia (the goddess of harmony and concord), besides Adrestia herself. She was not at first considered a daughter of Aphrodite and Ares. She was later added to their list of children for her war like tendencies. Authors include Adrestia with some or all of the four Erotes: Eros, Anteros, Pothos, and Himeros. Like her siblings Adrestia was a goddess who continued their father’s warlike legacy. Also born from the union of Ares and Aphrodite, she was an immortal who became the goddess of revolt. She was often associated with any sort of revenge and retribution because of her attributes. Various gods sought her out and wanted to recruit her to their various agendas and causes. She would be fought over by the gods and titans.

Allan Cole

Allan Cole (November 19, 1943 – March 29, 2019) was an American author and television writer, who wrote or co-wrote nearly thirty books.

The son of a CIA operative, Cole was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and raised in Europe, the Middle East and the Far East. He collaborated with Chris Bunch on the Sten science fiction series, as well the Far Kingdoms Series, and the historical novels, A Reckoning For Kings and Daughter Of Liberty. He coauthored a non-fiction book—A Cop's Life—with his uncle, Thomas Grubb; and a fantasy novel—Lords Of Terror—with Russian author Nick Perumov. His solo books include the fantasy novels that make up the Timura Trilogy and the thrillers, Dying Good and Drowned Hopes.

He sold more than a hundred television episodes, including ones for Quincy, M.E., The Rockford Files, The Incredible Hulk, Dinosaucers, Buck Rogers in the 25th Century, Magnum, P.I., Werewolf, and Walker, Texas Ranger.He was also a Los Angeles newspaper editor and investigative reporter for 14 years.

Cole was married to Bunch's sister, Kathryn. He died of cancer in Boca Raton, Florida, aged 75, on March 29, 2019.

Anteros (band)

Anteros is an English indie pop band from London. The band formed in 2014, and is made up of Laura Hayden (vocals), Joshua Rumble (bass guitar), Jackson Couzens (guitar) and Harry Balazs (drums).

The band started off with Laura Hayden and Joshua Rumble who released their debut self-titled single - to today's lineup, which has seen the group hit the road on tour with Two Door Cinema Club, Blaenavon, and White Lies, as well as playing at Glastonbury and Reading & Leeds festivals.

Anteros (butterfly)

Anteros is a Neotropical genus of butterflies of the family Riodinidae.

Anteros (disambiguation)

Anteros was the god of requited love in Greek mythology.

Anteros may also refer to:

Anteros (butterfly), a genus of butterflies

Anteros Coachworks Inc., an American sports car manufacturer

1943 Anteros, an asteroid

Eros|Anteros, a 2013 album by Belgian band Oathbreaker

Anteros (band), a London-based dream pop band.

Anteros Coachworks

Anteros Coachworks Inc. is an American sports car manufacturer based in California. The Anteros is based on the C6 Corvette and produces 500+ supercharged horsepower.

Anteros acheus

Anteros acheus is a species of butterfly of the family Riodinidae, found in Brazil, Suriname and Bolivia. It was first described by Caspar Stoll in 1781.

Aricia anteros

Aricia anteros, the blue argus, is a European butterfly in the family Lycaenidae. It has a wingspan of 30–34 mm. In Europe it can be found in Macedonia, Albania, Greece, Bulgaria, Serbia, Croatia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania, Ukraine and in Turkey. Its primary food plant is geranium.

Eros/Anteros

Eros|Anteros is the second studio album by Belgian band Oathbreaker. It was released on 16 July 2013 by Deathwish Inc. The album has been praised for successfully mixing diverse genres including black metal, hardcore punk and shoegazing. The title references Eros and Anteros, gods of love in Greek mythology.

Erotes

The Erotes () are a collective of winged gods associated with love and sexual intercourse in Greek mythology. They are part of Aphrodite's retinue. Erotes (Greek ἔρωτες) is the plural of Eros ("Love, Desire"), who as a singular deity has a more complex mythology.

Other named Erotes are Anteros ("Love Returned"), Himeros ("Impetuous Love" or "Pressing Desire"), Hedylogos ("Sweet-talk"), Hymenaios ("Bridal-Hymn"), Hermaphroditus ("Hermaphrodite" or "Effeminate"), and Pothos ("Desire, Longing," especially for one who is absent).The Erotes became a motif of Hellenistic art, and may appear in Roman art in the alternate form of multiple Cupids or Cupids and Psyches. In the later tradition of Western art, erotes become indistinguishable from figures also known as Cupids, amorini, or amoretti.

Lintneria justiciae

Lintneria justiciae is a moth of the family Sphingidae. It is known from south-eastern Brazil, eastern Argentina and Uruguay.There are orange-yellow transverse median lines on the abdomen upperside. Adults have been recorded in late January in Brazil.

The larvae have been recorded feeding on Justicia, Petunia and Hyptis sidifolia.

Mythology of Italy

Mythology of Italy refers to the mythology of people living in Italy.

Important Gods and Goddesses of Italian Mythology:

Anteros is the Italian God of love and passion. Specifically, Anteros was the God of mutual love and would punish those who did not return love.

Aradia is the Italian witch Goddess. She protects women against the aggression of masculine faith and symbolizes the air element and the moon.

Carmenta is the Goddess of spells, known for chanting incantations in verse to ease the pains of women in labor and children facing illness.

Februus is the Italian God of purification who lives in the underworld.

Fortuna is the Goddess of fate and fortune and also bringer of fertility.

Jana is the Goddess of the Moon, said to have 2 faces, one facing the past one facing the future.

Jove is the Sky God. He is the equivalent of Jupiter of Roman mythology who is the King of all other Gods.

Nox is the Goddess of the night, believed that all things had their beginning from her, and that she is one of the oldest of the Gods.

Umbria is Goddess of shadows, secrets, darkness who lives in the underworld.

Malocchio or The Evil EyeThe Evil Eye is not just an Italian folklore but is present in many different cultures. Each of these cultures have their own versions of the Evil Eye. However, the Evil Eye is very prominent in Italian culture and still a common superstition today among Italians and Italian-Americans.

The Evil Eye is a look one gives another to put bad luck upon them either causing them misfortune or causing a type of mild physical pain. This look is cast by someone typically because of jealousy and envy.

However Italian culture has two ways to counteract the Evil Eye. These are the Italian Horn, or the “Cornuto” and the “Mano Carnuto”, the hand horn. The Italian Horn is a pendant often worn on a necklace in a shape similar to a chili pepper. This pendant is often in gold or coral and is said to be sacred to the Moon Goddess. This is meant to ward off evil spirits as well. The “Mano Carnuto” is the formation of a hand in a fist with the pinky finger and index finger extended. This is also supposed to ward of negative vibes and the Evil Eye. Both of these counteractions are of Italian origins.

Nerites (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Nerites (Greek: Νηρίτης) was a minor sea deity, son of Nereus and Doris (apparently their only male offspring) and brother of the fifty Nereids. He is described as a young boy of stunning beauty.

According to Claudius Aelianus (Aelian), Nerites was never mentioned by epic poets such as Homer and Hesiod, but was a common figure in the mariners’ folklore. Aelian also cites two versions of the myth concerning Nerites, which are as follows.

In one of the versions, Aphrodite, before her ascension from the sea to Olympus, fell in love with Nerites. When the time had come for her to join the Olympian gods, she wanted Nerites to go with her, but he refused, preferring to stay with his family in the sea. Even the fact that Aphrodite promised him a pair of wings did not make him change his mind. The scorned goddess then transformed him into a shellfish and gave the wings to her son Eros. Nerea, one of Nerites' Nereid sisters, found him and begged Poseidon to give him back his normal form. Poseidon accepted and returned Nerites to normal.

In the other version, Nerites was loved by Poseidon and answered his feelings. From their mutual love arose Anteros (personification of reciprocated love). Poseidon also made Nerites his charioteer; the boy drove the chariot astonishingly fast, to the admiration of various sea creatures. Helios, for reasons unknown to Aelian's sources, changed Nerites into a shellfish. Aelian himself supposes that Helios might have wanted the boy for himself and was offended by his refusal. As in the first version, Nerea found her brother and successfully persuaded Poseidon to restore Nerites to his true shape.

Oathbreaker (band)

Oathbreaker is a Belgian band from Flanders, formed in 2008 and currently signed to Deathwish Inc. The band consists of guitarists Lennart Bossu and Gilles Demolder, drummer Wim Coppers (who replaced founding member Ivo Debrabandere in 2016), and vocalist Caro Tanghe, who performs both screamed and sung vocals. They are a part of Amenra's Church of Ra collective. Following a self-titled EP, Oathbreaker have released three studio albums: Mælstrøm (2011), Eros|Anteros (2013) and Rheia (2016). The latter two albums came out on Deathwish and received generally positive reviews.

Piccadilly Circus

Piccadilly Circus is a road junction and public space of London's West End in the City of Westminster. It was built in 1819 to connect Regent Street with Piccadilly. In this context, a circus, from the Latin word meaning "circle", is a round open space at a street junction.Piccadilly now links directly to the theatres on Shaftesbury Avenue, as well as the Haymarket, Coventry Street (onwards to Leicester Square) and Glasshouse Street. The Circus is close to major shopping and entertainment areas in the West End. Its status as a major traffic junction has made Piccadilly Circus a busy meeting place and a tourist attraction in its own right. The Circus is particularly known for its video display and neon signs mounted on the corner building on the northern side, as well as the Shaftesbury memorial fountain and statue, which is popularly, though mistakenly, believed to be of Eros. It is surrounded by several notable buildings, including the London Pavilion and Criterion Theatre. Directly underneath the plaza is Piccadilly Circus Underground station, part of the London Underground system.

Pope Anterus

Pope Anterus (died 3 January 236) was the Bishop of Rome from 21 November 235 to his death in 236. He succeeded Pope Pontian, who had been deported from Rome to Sardinia, along with the antipope Hippolytus.

Anterus was the son of Romulus, born in Petilia Policastro, Calabria. He is thought to have been of Greek origin, and his name may indicate that he was a freed slave. He created one bishop, for the city of Fondi.

Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain

The Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain, also (mistakenly) known as "Eros", is a fountain surmounted by a winged statue of Anteros, located at the southeastern side of Piccadilly Circus in London, England. Moved after World War II from its original position in the centre, it was erected in 1892–1893 to commemorate the philanthropic works of Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury, who was a famous Victorian politician and philanthropist, and his achievement in replacing child-labour with school education.

Alfred Gilbert's use of a nude figure on a public monument was controversial at the time of its construction, but it was generally well received by the public. The Magazine of Art described it as "...a striking contrast to the dull ugliness of the generality of our street sculpture, ... a work which, while beautifying one of our hitherto desolate open spaces, should do much towards the elevation of public taste in the direction of decorative sculpture, and serve freedom for the metropolis from any further additions of the old order of monumental monstrosities." The statue has been called "London's most famous work of sculpture"; a graphical illustration of it is used as the symbol of the Evening Standard newspaper and appears on its masthead. It was the first sculpture in the world to be cast in aluminium and is set on a bronze fountain, which itself inspired the marine motifs that Gilbert carved on the statue.

Although the statue is generally known as Eros, it was created as an image of his brother, Anteros. The sculptor Alfred Gilbert had already sculpted a statue of Anteros and, when commissioned for the Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain, chose to reproduce the same subject, who, as "The God of Selfless Love" was deemed to represent the philanthropic 7th Earl of Shaftesbury suitably. Gilbert described Anteros as portraying "reflective and mature love, as opposed to Eros or Cupid, the frivolous tyrant." The model for the sculpture was Gilbert's studio assistant, a 16-year-old Anglo-Italian, Angelo Colarossi (born 1875 in Shepherd's Bush).

Fernando Meacci was involved in the moulding of the fountain and it was probably cast by George Broad & Son.The memorial was unveiled by the Duke of Westminster on 29 June 1893. Following the unveiling there were numerous complaints. Some felt it was sited in a vulgar part of town (the theatre district), and others felt that it was too sensual as a memorial for a famously sober and respectable Earl. Some of the objections were tempered by renaming the statue as The Angel of Christian Charity, which was the nearest approximation that could be invented in Christian terms for the role Anteros played in the Greek pantheon. However, the name never became widely known and the statue was thence referred to as Eros, the god of sensual love; inappropriate some said in relation to the Earl's commemoration, but hailed by others as an ironic representation of the more carnal side of the neighbourhood, into which Soho had developed.

The whole memorial was removed twice from the circus in its history. In 1922 construction began on the new tube station directly beneath the memorial. The memorial was therefore taken away and put in Embankment Gardens. It returned to Piccadilly Circus in 1931; but when the Second World War broke out in 1939, the memorial was taken away again for safety and kept in Egham. It did not return to Piccadilly Circus again until 1948.The statue was removed for restoration in the 1980s and resited on its return in February 1985. During the restoration a set of plaster casts was unearthed in the V&A basements which revealed damage to the statue. The statue was also vandalised in 1990 and after radiography and restoration returned in 1994. In May 2012 the statue had a new bow string fitted after it was broken by a tourist.In the winter of 2013–2014 the statue was covered with a PVC 'snow globe' featuring internal fans blowing the 'snowflakes'. This also had the function of protecting the statue from vandalism and it was planned to return in subsequent years. However strong winds caused the globe to become damaged and deflate and it was not subsequently repaired. In winter 2014–2015 octagonal advertising hoardings forming a box for giant Christmas presents had a similar function.

Stabiae

Stabiae was an ancient Roman town near the modern town of Castellammare di Stabia and approximately 4.5 km southwest of Pompeii, which became famous for the magnificent Roman villas found there in recent times. The beautiful objects and frescoes taken from these villas were often sold and distributed, while many can be found in the National Archaeological Museum of Naples.

The villas were sited on a 50 m high headland overlooking the Gulf of Naples. Being only 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Mount Vesuvius, this seaside resort was largely buried by two metres of tephra ash in 79 AD.

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