António Feliciano de Castilho, 1st Viscount of Castilho (28 January 1800 – 18 June 1875) was a Portuguese writer.
António Feliciano de Castilho
|Born||28 January 1800|
|Died||18 June 1875 (aged 75)|
Castilho was born in Lisbon. He lost his sight at the age of six, but the devotion of his brother Augusto, and aided by a retentive memory, enabled him to go through his school and university course with success; and he acquired an almost complete mastery of the Latin language and literature.
His first work of importance, the Cartas de Echo e Narciso (1821), belongs to the pseudo-classical school in which he had been brought up, but his romantic leanings became apparent in the Primavera (1822) and in Amor e Melancholia (1823), two volumes of honeyed and prolix bucolic poetry. In the poetic legends A noite do Castello (1836) and Ciúmes do bardo (1838) Castilho appeared as a full-blown Romanticist. These books exhibit the defects and qualities of all his work, in which lack of ideas and of creative imagination and an atmosphere of artificiality are ill-compensated for by a certain emotional charm, great purity of diction and melodious versification.
Belonging to the didactic and descriptive school, Castilho saw nature as all sweetness, pleasure and beauty, and he lived in a dreamland of his imagination. A fulsome epic on the succession of King John VI brought him an office of profit at Coimbra. On his return from a stay in Madeira, he founded the Revista Universal Lisbonense, in imitation of Herculano's Panorama, and his profound knowledge of the Portuguese classics served him well in the introduction and notes to a very useful publication, the Livraria Classica Portugueza (1845–47, 25 volumes), while two years later he established the "Society of the Friends of Letters and the Arts."
A study on Luís de Camões and treatises on metrification and mnemonics followed from his pen. His praiseworthy zeal for popular instruction led him to take up the study of pedagogy, and in 1850 he brought out his Leitura Repentina, a method of reading which was named after him, and he became government commissary of the schools which were destined to put it into practice.
Going to Brazil in 1854, he there wrote his famous Letter to the Empress. Though Castilho's lack of strong individuality and his excessive respect for authority prevented him from achieving original work of real merit, yet his translations of Anacreon, Ovid and Virgil and the Chave do Enigma, explaining the romantic incidents that led to his first marriage with D. Maria de Baena, a niece of the satirical poet Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida and a descendant of António Ferreira, reveal him as a master of form and a purist in language. His versions of Goethe's Faust and Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream, made without a knowledge of German and English, scarcely added to his reputation.
When the Coimbra question arose in 1865, Garrett was dead and Herculano had ceased to write, leaving Castilho supreme, for the moment, in the realm of letters. But the youthful Antero de Quental withstood his claim to direct the rising generation and attacked his superannuated leadership, and after a fierce war of pamphlets Castilho was dethroned. The rise of João de Deus reduced him to a secondary position in the Portuguese Parnassus, and when he died ten years later much of his former fame had preceded him to the tomb.
Castilho died in Lisbon.
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1822.1875 in Portugal
Events in the year 1875 in Portugal. There were 455,000 registered voters in the country.1875 in literature
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1875.Antero de Quental
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The Avenida is a 90 metre-wide boulevard, 1100 m long, with ten lanes divided by pedestrian pavements decorated with gardens. It links Marquis of Pombal Square in the north to Restauradores Square, the entrance to the Lisbon Baixa. It is commonly referred to by the inhabitants of Lisbon simply as the "Avenida" (the Avenue).CU Micaelense
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This is a list of Portuguese language authors, by country and then alphabetically.List of Portuguese writers
This is a list of Portuguese writers, ordered alphabetically by surname.List of Romantic poets
The six best-known English authors are, in order of birth and with an example of their work:
William Blake – The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
William Wordsworth – The Prelude
Samuel Taylor Coleridge – The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
George Gordon, Lord Byron – Don Juan, "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage"
Percy Bysshe Shelley – Prometheus Unbound, "Adonaïs", "Ode to the West Wind", "Ozymandias"
John Keats – Great Odes, "Hyperion", "Endymion"
Notable female poets include Felicia Dorothea Hemans, Anna Laetitia Barbauld, Charlotte Turner Smith, Mary Robinson, Hannah More, and Joanna Baillie.List of works for the stage by Antônio Carlos Gomes
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The Sociedade Propagadora dos Conhecimentos Úteis (Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge) of Lisbon, Portugal, formed in 1837. The group produced a weekly illustrated magazine, O Panorama, intended for the general interest reader and priced relatively affordably. According to the society, some copies were also distributed free of charge to charities such as Casa Pia orphanage and Casa de Expostos. Editors included Alexandre Herculano, António Feliciano de Castilho, and António de Oliveira Marreca. Other contributors included Rodrigo Jose de Lima Felner.In addition to the magazine, the society published works by authors such as Luís da Silva Mouzinho de Albuquerque, José Ferreira Borges, Manuel Godinho de Erédia, Francisco José Freire, Almeida Garrett, and Inácio Pizarro de Morais Sarmento. Its printing press operated from Rua do Carmo in Baixa Pombalina.
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Ultra-Romanticism (in Portuguese, Ultrarromantismo) was a Portuguese literary movement that took place during the second half of the 19th century and later arrived in Brazil. Aesthetically similar to (but not exactly the same as) the German- and British-originated Dark Romanticism, it was typified by a tendency to exaggerate, at times to a ridiculous degree, the norms and ideals of Romanticism, namely the value of subjectivity, individualism, amorous idealism, nature and the medieval world. The Ultra-Romantics generated literary works of highly contendable quality, some of them being considered as "romance of knife and earthenware bowl", given the succession of bloody crimes that they invariably described, which realists fiercely denounced.
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