António Costa

António Luís Santos da Costa GCIH (born 17 July 1961) is a Portuguese lawyer and politician serving as the 119th and current Prime Minister of Portugal since 26 November 2015. Previously, he was Minister of Parliamentary Affairs from 1997 to 1999, Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002, Minister of State and Internal Administration from 2005 to 2007, and Mayor of Lisbon from 2007 to 2015. He was elected as Secretary-General of the Socialist Party in September 2014.[1]


António Costa

António Costa (2014)
119th Prime Minister of Portugal
Assumed office
26 November 2015
PresidentAníbal Cavaco Silva
Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
Preceded byPedro Passos Coelho
Secretary-General of the Socialist Party
Assumed office
22 November 2014
PresidentCarlos César
Preceded byAntónio José Seguro
Leader of the Opposition
In office
22 November 2014 – 26 November 2015
Prime MinisterPedro Passos Coelho
Preceded byAntónio José Seguro
Succeeded byPedro Passos Coelho
Mayor of Lisbon
In office
1 August 2007 – 6 April 2015
Preceded byMarina Ferreira (Acting)
Succeeded byFernando Medina
Minister of the Internal Administration
In office
12 March 2005 – 17 May 2007
Prime MinisterJosé Sócrates
Preceded byDaniel Sanches
Succeeded byRui Pereira
Minister of Justice
In office
25 October 1999 – 6 April 2002
Prime MinisterAntónio Guterres
Preceded byJosé Vera Jardim
Succeeded byCeleste Cardona
Minister of Parliamentary Affairs
In office
25 November 1997 – 25 October 1999
Prime MinisterAntónio Guterres
Preceded byManuel Dias Loureiro
Succeeded byLuís Marques Mendes
Deputy Secretary of State for Parliamentary Affairs
In office
28 October 1995 – 25 November 1997
Prime MinisterAntónio Guterres
Preceded byLuís Filipe Menezes
Succeeded byJosé Magalhães
Member of the Assembly of the Republic
Assumed office
23 October 2015
ConstituencyLisbon
In office
6 October 1991 – 13 June 2004
ConstituencyLisbon
Personal details
Born
António Luís Santos da Costa

17 July 1961 (age 57)
Lisbon, Portugal
Political partySocialist Party
Spouse(s)
Fernanda Tadeu (m. 1987)
RelationsRicardo Costa (brother)
Children2
ParentsOrlando da Costa
Maria Antónia Palla
ResidenceSão Bento Mansion
Alma materUniversity of Lisbon
Signature
António Costa's signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Early life and education

Costa was born in 1961 in São Sebastião da Pedreira, Lisbon, the son of writer Orlando da Costa.[2]

Costa graduated from the Faculty of Law of the University of Lisbon in the 1980s, when he first entered politics and was elected as a Socialist deputy to the municipal council. He completed the mandatory military service in 1987[3] and later practiced law briefly from 1988, before entering politics full-time.[4]

Political career

Costa's first role in a Socialist government was as Minister of Parliamentary Affairs under Prime Minister António Guterres between 1997 and 1999. He was Minister of Justice from 1999 to 2002.[4]

Costa was a Member of the European Parliament for the Socialist Party (PES), heading the list for the 2004 European elections after the dramatic death of top candidate António de Sousa Franco. On 20 July 2004 he was elected as one of the 14 Vice-Presidents of the European Parliament. He also served on the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs.

Costa resigned as an MEP on 11 March 2005 to become Minister of State and Internal Administration in the government of José Sócrates following the 2005 national elections.

Mayor of Lisbon, 2007–2015

António Costa resigned all government offices in May 2007 to become his party's candidate for the municipality of Lisbon, Portugal's capital city. He was elected as Lisbon's mayor on 15 July 2007 and reelected in 2009 and 2013, with a bigger majority each time. In April 2015 he resigned his duties as a mayor, while he was already the Secretary General of the Socialist Party and the party's candidate for Prime Minister, so that he could prepare his campaign for the October 2015 general elections.[5]

Candidate for Prime Minister, 2014–2015

In September 2014, the Socialist Party chose Costa as its candidate to be Prime Minister of Portugal in the 2015 national elections; in a ballot to select the party's candidate, gaining nearly 70 percent of the votes, he defeated party leader António José Seguro, who announced his resignation after the result.[6] By April 2015, he stepped down as mayor to focus on his campaign.[7]

During the campaign, Costa pledged to ease back on austerity and give more disposable income back to households.[8] He proposed to boost incomes, hiring and growth in order to cut the budget deficits while scrapping austerity measures and cutting taxes, asserting that would still allow deficits to reduce in line with the Euro convergence criteria.[9] Also, he pledged to roll back a hugely unpopular hike in value added tax on restaurants and reinstate some benefits for civil servants.[7]

Prime Minister of Portugal, 2015–present

On 4 October 2015, the conservative Portugal Ahead coalition that had ruled the country since 2011 came first in the elections winning 38.6% of the vote, while the Socialist Party came second with 32.3%. Passos Coelho was reappointed Prime Minister the following days, but António Costa formed an alliance with the other parties on the left (the Left Bloc, the Portuguese Communist Party and the Ecologist Party "The Greens"), which altogether constitute a majority in Parliament, and toppled the government on 10 November (the People–Animals–Nature party also voted in favour of the motion of rejection presented by the left alliance). After toppling the conservative government, Costa was chosen as the new Prime Minister of Portugal by President Cavaco Silva on 24 November and assumed office on 26 November.[5][10]

Since coming to power, Costa’s government has managed to combine fiscal discipline with measures to support growth, while reversing most of the austerity policies imposed by the previous center-right administration during the 2010-13 debt crisis.[11]

By March 2017, polls put support for Costa's Socialists at 42 percent, up 10 points from their share of the vote in the 2015 election and close to a level that would give them a majority in parliament were the country to vote again.[12] In the 2017 local elections, Costa further consolidated power in Portugal as his party captured a record haul of 158 town halls out of the country’s 308 cities and towns; nationwide, the Socialists’ vote share topped 38 percent, again up from their result in the 2015 parliamentary election.[13]

During his tenure, Portugal experienced its deadliest wildfires ever, firstly in Pedrogão Grande in June 2017 (65 dead) and later across the country in October 2017 (41 dead).[14] In October 2017, the opposition People's Party (CDS) launched a motion of no-confidence in Costa’s government over its failure to prevent the loss of human lives in the lethal Iberian wildfires, the second such disaster in four months; the motion was largely symbolic as the minority Socialist government continued to be backed in parliament by two left-wing parties.[15] In early 2019, Costa's government survived another opposition motion of no confidence lodged over a wave of public sector strikes .[16]

Personal life

In 1987, Costa married Fernanda Maria Gonçalves Tadeu, a teacher.[4] The couple have a son and a daughter.

Costa is an avid Benfica fan,[17][18] being a frequent attendant to the games as Lisbon mayor, as opposed to Sporting Lisbon's. He also accompanied Benfica to both Europa League finals, in 2013 and 2014.

Recognition

Civil awards and decorations

PRT Order of Prince Henry - Grand Cross BAR
Den kongelige norske fortjenstorden storkors stripe
EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 3rd Class BAR
LTU Order for Merits to Lithuania - Grand Cross BAR
CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Cross BAR
GC.OrdineS.GregorioMagno
OPMM-gc
POL Polonia Restituta Komandorski ZG BAR
BRA Ordem de Rio Branco Comendador BAR
JPN Zuiho-sho 2Class BAR
2nd class
ESP Charles III Order GC
GRE Order of Honour Grand Cross BAR

References

  1. ^ António Costa's Biography on the Portuguese Government's official webpage Archived 2015-12-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Then Came A Gandhi Archived 2014-11-12 at the Wayback Machine, outlookindia.com, retrieved 10 September 2015
  3. ^ "António Costa" (PDF). Jornal de Campanha — Socialist Party. August 2015. p. 3. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Axel Bugge (October 4, 2015), Portuguese Socialist leader Costa candidate for PM Archived 2015-11-16 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  5. ^ a b Agence France-Presse (25 November 2015), Portugal gets Antonio Costa as new PM after election winner only lasted 11 days Archived 2016-12-24 at the Wayback Machine The Guardian.
  6. ^ Andrei Khalip (September 28, 2014), Portugal opposition Socialists choose mayor of Lisbon as candidate for PM in next year's election Archived 2015-11-25 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  7. ^ a b Axel Bugge (April 1, 2015), Lisbon Socialist mayor steps down to campaign for Portugal PM Archived 2015-10-04 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  8. ^ Axel Bugge (September 18, 2015), Portugal election race still in dead heat, no majority win: poll Archived 2015-10-04 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  9. ^ Andrei Khalip (September 17, 2015), Portuguese PM and Socialist opponent clash over austerity as election nears Archived 2015-10-17 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  10. ^ Patricia Kowsmann and Matt Moffett (November 24, 2015). "Socialist Leader António Costa Is Named as Portugal's Prime Minister". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  11. ^ Andrei Khalip (April 13, 2018), Portugal government targets budget surplus in 2020, irks allies Archived 2018-04-15 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  12. ^ Axel Bugge (March 31, 2017), As Europe left struggles, Portugal's alliance wins over voters and Brussels Archived 2017-06-21 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  13. ^ Paul Ames (October 2, 2017), Portugal’s Socialists toast ‘biggest ever’ election win Archived 2017-10-03 at the Wayback Machine Politico Europe.
  14. ^ "Portugal and Spain wildfires: Dozens dead and injured". BBC. Archived from the original on 2017-10-16. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
  15. ^ Axel Bugge and Andrei Khalip (October 17, 2017), Portugal's government faces no-confidence vote over forest fires Archived 2017-12-27 at the Wayback Machine Reuters.
  16. ^ Andrei Khalip and Mark Heinrich (February 20, 2019), Portuguese PM withstands no confidence motion in parliament Reuters.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-18. Retrieved 2018-07-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-01-01.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Portuguesas". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Archived from the original on 2013-08-17. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Cidadãos Nacionais Agraciados com Ordens Estrangeiras". Página Oficial das Ordens Honoríficas Portuguesas. Archived from the original on 2017-07-15. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
  21. ^ Presidencia del Gobierno: "Real Decreto 577/2016, de 25 de noviembre, por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Real y Distinguida Orden Española de Carlos III al Excelentísimo Señor Antonio Luis Santos da Costa, Primer Ministro de la República Portuguesa" (PDF). Boletín Oficial del Estado (in Spanish) (286): 82949. 26 November 2016. ISSN 0212-033X. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-06. Retrieved 2017-03-05.

External links

2000 Taça de Portugal Final

The 2000 Taça de Portugal Final was the final match of the 1999–2000 Taça de Portugal, the 59th season of the Taça de Portugal, the premier Portuguese football cup competition organized by the Portuguese Football Federation (FPF). The final was played at the Estádio Nacional in Oeiras, and opposed two Primeira Liga sides Porto and Sporting CP. As the inaugural final match finished 1–1, the final was replayed four days later at the same venue with the Dragões defeating the Leões 2–0 to claim their tenth Taça de Portugal.In Portugal, the final was televised live on TVI. As a result of Porto winning the Taça de Portugal, the Dragões qualified for the 2000 Supertaça Cândido de Oliveira where they took on their cup opponents who won the 1999–2000 Primeira Liga.

2004 European Parliament election in Portugal

The European Parliament election of 2004 in Portugal was the election of MEPs representing Portugal for the 2004-2009 term of the European Parliament. It was part of the wider 2004 European election. In Portugal the election was held on 13 June.

The Socialist Party (PS) was the big winner of the elections, achieving their best result in a European election ever. The party won 44.5% of the votes, an increase of 1.5%, and held on to the 12 seats won in 1999. However the Socialist victory, and the campaign overall, was overshadowed by the sudden death of the PS top candidate, António Sousa Franco. Sousa Franco died of a heart attack while campaigning in Matosinhos, just four days before election day. António Costa, number 2 on the list, became the Socialists' top candidate after Sousa Franco's death.

The Social Democrats (PSD) and the People's Party (CDS–PP) contested the election in a coalition called "Forward Portugal" (FP). The coalition had a very weak performance, winning just 33% of the votes, a big drop compared with the combined total of 39% the PSD+CDS had in 1999. The PSD lost two seats, while CDS–PP held on to their two seats.

The Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU) dropped 1% and fell below 10% of the votes for the first time. CDU was still able to hold on to the two seats they had won in 1999. The Left Bloc (BE) gained a seat for the EU parliament for the first time, and saw its share of vote increase to almost 5%, an increase of more than 3% compared with 1999.

Turnout dropped compared with 1999, with 38.6% of voters casting a ballot.

2014 Portuguese Socialist Party prime ministerial primary

The 2014 Portuguese Socialist Party prime ministerial primary was held on 28 September 2014 and was the first primary open for non members of the Socialist Party and it elected the party's candidate for Prime Minister for the 2015 general election. It's the first time in Portugal that a party has an open primary. There were only two candidates running, António José Seguro current general secretary of the party and António Costa current mayor of Lisbon. António Costa won the primary by a landslide, achieving about 68% of the votes against the 32% of António José Seguro.

After the first results were announced, Seguro conceded defeat and resigned as Secretary-General of the Party.

2015 Portuguese legislative election

A Portuguese legislative election was held on 4 October 2015. All 230 seats of the Assembly of the Republic were in contention.

The right-wing coalition Portugal Ahead (PàF), composed of the Social Democratic Party (PSD) and the People's Party (CDS-PP), won the single largest vote with 38.6% and securing almost 47% of the seats in the Assembly. Compared with 2011, this was a loss of 12% in support (although the PSD and the CDS–PP did not contest the 2011 election in coalition). On the electoral map, the coalition won every district in the North and in the Centre except Castelo Branco. They also won in the big districts of Lisbon and Porto. The map shows a clear North-South divide, with the conservative coalition winning almost everything in the North and Centre and the PS winning in the South.

The Socialist Party (PS) was the second most voted political force, winning 32.3% of the vote and 37% of the seats in the Parliament. The PS received a higher share of the vote than in 2011, but did not increase its share by as much of a margin as had been predicted by the opinion polls prior to September 2015. António Costa, former mayor of Lisbon, was not able to win the city of Lisbon, where the PS lost to PàF 35% to 37%. Although the PS and the other left-wing parties did win a clear overall majority in Parliament, in his concession speech Costa said that he would not support "a negative coalition" with the Left Bloc and Communist Party and that he would rather talk and negotiate with the PSD/CDS–PP coalition.The Left Bloc (BE), despite predictions by opinion polls, achieved its best result in history, with more than 10% of the vote, becoming the third largest parliamentary group. The CDU's (Communists and Greens) share of the vote increased slightly compared to 2011, receiving 8% of the vote and one additional MP. The People–Animals–Nature (PAN) also elected one member of parliament becoming the first time since 1999 in which a new party entered the Assembly. Voter turnout reached a new low, with just 55.8% of the electorate casting their ballot on election day.Passos Coelho was asked, by the President of the Republic, to form a minority government that took the oath of office on October 30, 2015. The government fell after the approval of a motion to bring it down on 10 November. On 24 November, António Costa was appointed by the President of the Republic as Prime Minister-designate. Costa was sworn in on 26 November, 2015.

Antonio Pinto

Antonio Pinto may refer to:

António Pinto (athlete) (born 1966), Portuguese long-distance runner

Antônio Pinto (composer) (born 1967), Brazilian composer of film music

António Costa Pinto (born 1953), Portuguese professor of politics and history

Antonio Augusto Ferreira Pinto Júnior (born 1986), Brazilian defensive midfielder

António Marinho e Pinto (born 1950), Portuguese lawyer and former journalist

António Costa (disambiguation)

António Costa (born 1961) is a Portuguese lawyer and the Prime Minister of Portugal

António Costa may also refer to:

António Luís Costa (born 1953), serial killer from Santa Comba Dão, Portugal

António Miguel Costa (born 1984), Portuguese volleyball player

Antonio Costa (painter) (1847–1915), Italian painter

Antonio Maria Costa (born 1941), Italian economist

António Costa Pinto

António Costa Pinto (born 1953 in Lisbon, Portugal) is a research professor at the Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon, and Professor of Politics and Contemporary European History at ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.

Eduardo Cabrita

Eduardo Arménio do Nascimento Cabrita (26 September 1961, in Barreiro) is a Portuguese legal professional and politician, acting as Minister Assistant in the cabinet of Prime Minister António Costa since 26 November 2015. He was a member of parliament from 2002 to 2015, before taking office as minister in the Government.

Graça Fonseca

Graça Maria da Fonseca Caetano Gonçalves (born 13 August 1971) is a Portuguese politician who has served as Minister of Culture since 15 October 2018. Fonseca graduated with a law degree from the University of Lisbon, has a Master's degree in economics from the University of Coimbra, and obtained a PhD in sociology from ISCTE – University Institute of Lisbon. From 26 November 2015 to 15 October 2018, Fonseca served as Secretary of State Assistant and of Administrative Modernisation.When she came out publicly, in an interview to newspaper Diário de Notícias in 2017, she was the first gay member of a government cabinet ever to disclose their sexual orientation in Portugal. Since taking office as Minister of Culture in 2018, she is the first openly gay Portuguese government minister.

José António Vieira da Silva

José António da Fonseca Vieira da Silva (born 14 February 1953) is a Portuguese politician and a member of the Socialist Party. He is the current Minister of Solidarity, Employment and Social Security since 2015 under Prime Minister António Costa.

João Soares (politician)

João Barroso Soares (born 29 August 1949 in São Cristóvão e São Lourenço, Lisbon) is a Portuguese editor and Socialist Party politician, who was President of the Municipality of Lisbon from 1995 to 2002.

He is the son of the former Portuguese Prime Minister and President, Mário Soares, and the actress Maria Barroso. He was married to Maria Olímpia Soares (b. 1951), daughter of António Domingos de Oliveira Soares and wife Clotilde Soares, by whom he had three children: Maria Inês (b. 1976), Maria Mafalda (b. 1981) and Mário Alberto (b. 1987). Later divorced, he married the Belgian Annick Burhenne, by whom he had a son Jonas (b. 2003), named after Jonas Savimbi, of whom João Soares is an admirer, and a daughter Lilah (b. 2007).

He was member of the European Parliament and of the Portuguese State Council.

In 2004, he lost to Manuel Alegre and José Sócrates a bid for the party leadership, and in October 2005 lost to Fernando Seara the election for President of the Municipality of Sintra. He also lost the election for president of the Municipality of Lisbon to Pedro Santana Lopes, in 2001, being the first mayor of Lisboa to lose a reelection.

In July 2008 he was elected President of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly. He was reelected for another one-year term in July 2009.

During the United States elections, 2012, he acted as the special coordinator for the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) international electoral observer team.In April 2016, in a Facebook post, João Soares, Minister of Culture, said that he looked forward to landing "salutary blows" on two newspaper columnists. The post attracted hundreds of critical comments from the public, opposition politicians and journalists. Mr Soares, resigned after Prime Minister António Costa reprimanded him and issued a public apology. He initially defended his comments as a response to an "insulting personal attack", but later apologised.

Luís Capoulas Santos

Luís Manuel Capoulas Santos (born August 22, 1951 in Montemor-o-Novo), commonly known as Capoulas Santos, is a Portuguese politician, presently serving as Minister of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development.

Manuel Heitor

Manuel Heitor (born 1958) is a Portuguese politician serving as Minister of Science, Technology and Higher Education since 26 November 2015. Heitor graduated with a PhD in mechanical engineering from Imperial College London, and did a post-doctoral at the University of California, San Diego. From March 2005 to June 2011, Heitor served as the Secretary of State for Science, Technology and Higher Education.

Maria Manuel Leitão Marques

Maria Manuel Leitão Marques (born 1952) is a Portuguese politician serving as Minister of the Presidency and of Administrative Modernisation since 26 November 2015. She is a member of the Socialist Party and was elected by the Viseu constituency to the Assembly of the Republic in 2015. Marques previously served as the Secretary of State for the Administrative Modernization under the XVIII and XVII Constitutional Government of Portugal.In the 2019 European elections, Leitão Marques is running in on the list of Prime Minister António Costa's Socialist Party.

Pedro Marques (politician)

Pedro Marques (born 1976) is a Portuguese politician serving as Minister of Planning and Infrastructure since 26 November 2015. He is a member of the Socialist Party. From March 2005 to June 2011, Marques served as the Secretary of State for Social Security.

Pedro Siza Vieira

Pedro Siza Vieira (born 14 July 1964) is a Portuguese politician who has served as Deputy Minister since 21 October 2017 and Minister of Economy since 15 October 2018. Siza Vieira has a law degree from the University of Lisbon.

Prime Minister of Portugal

Prime Minister (Portuguese: Primeiro-Ministro; pronounced [pɾiˈmɐjɾu miˈniʃtɾu]) is the current title of the head of government of Portugal. As head of government, the Prime Minister coordinates the actions of ministers, represents the Government of Portugal to the other bodies of state, is accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The Prime Minister can hold the role of head of government with the portfolio of one or more ministries.

There is no limit to the number of terms a person can serve as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic following legislative elections, after having heard the parties represented in the Parliament. Usually, the person named is the leader of the largest party in the previous election, but there have been exceptions over the years.

Socialist Party (Portugal)

The Socialist Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialista, pronounced [pɐɾˈtiðu susiɐˈliʃtɐ], PS) is a social-democratic political party in Portugal. It was founded on 19 April 1973 in the German city of Bad Münstereifel, by militants from the Portuguese Socialist Action (Portuguese: Acção Socialista Portuguesa). The PS is one of the two major parties in Portuguese politics, its rival being the centre-right Social Democratic Party (PSD). The current leader of the PS is António Costa, the Prime Minister of Portugal. The party has currently 86 of 230 seats in the Portuguese Parliament following the October 2015 election, forming a minority government.

PS is a member of the Socialist International, Progressive Alliance and Party of European Socialists, and has eight members in the European Parliament within the Socialists & Democrats (S&D) Group during the eighth parliament.

XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal

The XXI Constitutional Government of Portugal (Portuguese: XXI Governo Constitucional de Portugal) is the 21st cabinet of the Portuguese government since the establishment of the current constitution. It was established on 26 November 2015 as a Socialist Party (PS) minority government led by Prime Minister António Costa.

Offices and distinctions

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