Anqing

Anqing (simplified Chinese: 安庆; traditional Chinese: 安慶; pinyin: Ānqìng; literally: "Peaceful Celebration", also Anking, formerly Hwaining, now the name of Huaining County) is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Anhui province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 5,311,579 at the 2010 census, with 780,514 living in the built-up (or metro) area.

Anqing
安庆市
Prefecture-level city
Skyline of Anqing
Location of Anqing City jurisdiction in Anhui

Location of Anqing City jurisdiction in Anhui
Country People's Republic of China
Province Anhui
County-level divisions 11
Municipal seat Yingjiang District
(30°30′N 117°2′E / 30.500°N 117.033°E)
Government
 • CPC Secretary Wei Xiaoming (魏晓明)
 • Mayor Chen Bingbing (陈冰冰)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 13,590 km2 (5,250 sq mi)
 • Urban[1] 104 km2 (40 sq mi)
 • Metro 821 km2 (317 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)[2]
 • Prefecture-level city 5,311,379
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
 • Urban (2018)[3] 600,000
 • Urban density 5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
 • Metro 780,514
 • Metro density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0556
ISO 3166 code CN-AH-08
License Plate Prefix 皖H
Nieuhof-Ambassade-vers-la-Chine-1665 0783
"Anhui". Nieuhof: L'ambassade de la Compagnie Orientale des Provinces Unies vers l'Empereur de la Chine, 1665

History

Anqing was held by the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom for almost nine years, from June 1863 to December 1861. It served as the capital of the Taiping’s Anhui province during this period.[4] The final Battle of Anqing and Qing attempt to to retake the city began in 1860, and the Xiang Army and other Qing forces were able to retake the city by December 1861.

Culture

The people of Anqing have a unique dialect that belongs to the Gan Chinese branch and is therefore quite different from the rest of the province, which is predominantly Huizhou Chinese speaking.[5][6]

Administration

The prefecture-level city of Anqing administers 10 county-level divisions, including 3 districts, 2 county-level cities and 5 counties

Map

Geography

Anqing is located in the southwestern part of Anhui province, and on the northern shore of the lower Yangtze. To the north are the Dabie Mountains. Neighbouring prefectures are:

The total area of the prefecture is 16,300 square kilometres (6,290 sq mi), with an urban area of 550 square kilometres (212 sq mi), which is only 3.4% of the total.

Climate

Anqing has a four-season, monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with chilly, damp winters and very hot, humid summers. Cold northwesterly winds from Siberia can occasionally cause nightly temperatures to drop below freezing (although snow is uncommon), while summer can see extended periods of 35 °C (95 °F)+ days. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 4.3 °C (39.7 °F) in January to 29.2 °C (84.6 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 17.20 °C (63.0 °F). Precipitation tends to reach a maximum in tandem with the meiyu (plum rains) while wintertime rainfall is generally light. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 30% in March to 54% in August, the city receives 1,831 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Anqing (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 22.8
(73)
27.4
(81.3)
32.1
(89.8)
33.8
(92.8)
35.8
(96.4)
38.3
(100.9)
39.5
(103.1)
40.9
(105.6)
38.0
(100.4)
34.3
(93.7)
29.7
(85.5)
24.5
(76.1)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
10.0
(50)
14.6
(58.3)
21.2
(70.2)
26.6
(79.9)
29.4
(84.9)
32.9
(91.2)
32.2
(90)
28.0
(82.4)
22.7
(72.9)
16.5
(61.7)
10.4
(50.7)
21.0
(69.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.3
(39.7)
6.6
(43.9)
10.7
(51.3)
17.0
(62.6)
22.4
(72.3)
25.7
(78.3)
29.2
(84.6)
28.5
(83.3)
24.3
(75.7)
18.8
(65.8)
12.4
(54.3)
6.5
(43.7)
17.2
(63)
Average low °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.8
(38.8)
7.6
(45.7)
13.6
(56.5)
19.0
(66.2)
22.7
(72.9)
26.2
(79.2)
25.5
(77.9)
21.4
(70.5)
15.6
(60.1)
9.2
(48.6)
3.6
(38.5)
14.2
(57.6)
Record low °C (°F) −10.1
(13.8)
−12.5
(9.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
−0.3
(31.5)
8.3
(46.9)
13.2
(55.8)
17.1
(62.8)
17.6
(63.7)
11.7
(53.1)
3.2
(37.8)
−3.8
(25.2)
−8.5
(16.7)
−12.5
(9.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 57.0
(2.244)
74.1
(2.917)
125.9
(4.957)
163.5
(6.437)
166.8
(6.567)
265.4
(10.449)
206.6
(8.134)
136.4
(5.37)
71.5
(2.815)
69.0
(2.717)
66.1
(2.602)
34.6
(1.362)
1,436.9
(56.571)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 10.4 11.0 14.3 13.7 12.8 13.0 11.2 10.7 7.5 8.3 7.7 7.0 127.6
Average relative humidity (%) 75 74 75 75 74 79 77 78 77 74 73 72 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 104.6 102.4 109.9 140.6 166.0 159.2 215.6 221.2 169.7 159.6 144.4 137.4 1,830.6
Percent possible sunshine 33 33 30 36 39 38 50 54 46 45 45 44 41
Source: China Meteorological Administration

Transport

Anqing has one Yangtze River crossing, the Anqing Yangtze River Bridge.

Anqing Tianzhushan Airport serves the city.[7]

The Nanjing–Anqing Intercity Railway opened in December 2015, allowing a 90-minute journey time to Nanjing, and 3 hours to Shanghai.[8]Wuhan-Hangzhou High-Speed Railway is also under construction.

One of the bus operators in Anqing, the Anqing Zhongbei Bus Company, is owned by a joint venture between Nanjing Public Utilities Development (formerly Nanjing Zhongbei) and RATP Dev Transdev Asia (RDTA).[9] RDTA itself is a joint venture between Transdev and RATP Dev.

Anqingyizhong
Anqing No. 1 Middle School

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  4. ^ The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom: Rebellion and the Blasphemy of Empire. By Thomas H. Reilly
  5. ^ Yan, Margaret Mian (2006). Introduction to Chinese Dialectology. LINCOM Europa. p. 148. ISBN 978-3-89586-629-6.
  6. ^ Kurpaska, Maria (2010). Chinese Language(s): A Look Through the Prism of "The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects". Walter de Gruyter. p. 70. ISBN 978-3-11-021914-2.
  7. ^ "Anqing (Anhui) City Information". Provinces & Cities. Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Retrieved 14 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Nanjing – Anqing PDL opened". Railway Gazette International. 7 December 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  9. ^ "RDTA website". Archived from the original on December 25, 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.

External links

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