Annie Proulx

Edna Ann Proulx (/ˈpruː/; born August 22, 1935) is an American novelist, short story writer, and journalist. She has written most frequently as Annie Proulx but has also used the names E. Annie Proulx and E.A. Proulx.[1]

She won the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction for her first novel, Postcards. Her second novel, The Shipping News (1993), won both the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction[2] and the U.S. National Book Award for Fiction[3] and was adapted as a 2001 film of the same name. Her short story "Brokeback Mountain" was adapted as an Academy Award, BAFTA and Golden Globe Award-winning major motion picture released in 2005.

Annie Proulx
Annie Proulx at the 2018 U.S. National Book Festival
Annie Proulx at the 2018 U.S. National Book Festival
BornEdna Ann Proulx
August 22, 1935 (age 83)
Norwich, Connecticut, United States
Pen nameE. Annie Proulx, E.A. Proulx
Alma materUniversity of Vermont
Sir George Williams University
Notable awardsPulitzer Prize for Fiction
1994 The Shipping News

Personal life

Proulx was born Edna Ann Proulx in Norwich, Connecticut, the daughter of Lois Nellie (Gill) and George Napoleon Proulx.[4] Her first name honored one of her mother's aunts. She is of English and French-Canadian ancestry.[5][6] Her maternal forebears came to America fifteen years after the Mayflower, in 1635.[7] She graduated from Deering High School in Portland, Maine, then attended Colby College "for a short period in the 1950s", where she met her first husband H. Ridgely Bullock, Jr. She later returned to college, studying at the University of Vermont from 1966 to 1969, and graduated cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa with a B.A. degree in History in 1969. She earned her M.A. degree from Sir George Williams University (now Concordia University) in Montreal, Quebec in 1973[8] and pursued, but did not complete, a Ph.D. In 1999, Concordia awarded her an honorary doctorate.[9]

Proulx lived for more than 30 years in Vermont, has married and divorced three times, and has three sons and a daughter (named Jonathan, Gillis, Morgan, and Sylvia). In 1994, she moved to Saratoga, Wyoming, spending part of the year in northern Newfoundland on a small cove adjacent to L'Anse aux Meadows. Proulx now lives near Seattle, Washington.[10]

Proulx has four sisters: twins Joyce and Janet, who live in Louisiana and Florida respectively; Roberta, of Fairlee, Vermont; and Jude, another writer who lives in Wales.

Writing career and recognition

Starting as a journalist, her first published work of fiction is thought to be "The Customs Lounge", a science fiction story published in the September 1963 issue of If, under the byline "E.A. Proulx".[11] Another contender, a year later, was a science fiction story called "All the Pretty Little Horses", which appeared in teen magazine Seventeen in June 1964. She subsequently published stories in Esquire magazine and Gray's Sporting Journal in the late 1970s, eventually publishing her first collection in 1988 and her first novel in 1992. Subsequently, she was awarded NEA (in 1992) and Guggenheim (in 1993) fellowships.

A few years after receiving much attention for The Shipping News, she had the following comment on her celebrity status:

It's not good for one's view of human nature, that's for sure. You begin to see, when invitations are coming from festivals and colleges to come read (for an hour for a hefty sum of money), that the institutions are head-hunting for trophy writers. Most don't particularly care about your writing or what you're trying to say. You're there as a human object, one that has won a prize. It gives you a very odd, ginger kind of sensation.[12]

In 1997, Annie Proulx was awarded the Dos Passos Prize, a mid-career award for American writers. Proulx has twice won the O. Henry Prize for the year's best short story. In 1998, she won for "Brokeback Mountain", which had appeared in The New Yorker on October 13, 1997. Proulx won again the following year for "The Mud Below," which appeared in The New Yorker June 22 and 29, 1999. Both appear in her 1999 collection of short stories, Close Range: Wyoming Stories. The lead story in this collection, entitled "The Half-Skinned Steer", was selected by author Garrison Keillor for inclusion in The Best American Short Stories 1998, (Proulx herself edited the 1997 edition of this series) and later by novelist John Updike for inclusion in The Best American Short Stories of the Century (1999). In 2001 Proulx was one of the writers heavily criticized by Brian Reynolds Myers in his polemical work A Reader's Manifesto.[13][14]

In 2007, the composer Charles Wuorinen approached Proulx with the idea of turning her short story "Brokeback Mountain" into an opera. The opera of the same name with a libretto by Proulx herself premiered January 28, 2014 at the Teatro Real in Madrid. It was praised for an often brilliant adaptation that clearly conveyed the text of the libretto with music that is rich in imagination and variety.[15][16][17][18][19] In 2017 she received the Fitzgerald Award for that year for Achievement in American Literature.[20]



  • Proulx, Annie (1980). Great grapes : grow the best ever. Pownal, Vermont: Storey Communications.
  • Proulx, Annie; Nichols, Lew (1980). Sweet & hard cider : making it, using it, & enjoying it. Charlotte, Vermont: Garden Way Publishing.
  • Plan and Make Your Own Fences & Gates, Walkways, Walls & Drives (1983), ISBN 0-87857-452-2
  • The Gourmet Gardener: Growing Choice Fruits and Vegetables with Spectacular Results (1987), ISBN 0-449-90227-7
  • Bird Cloud: A Memoir (2011), ISBN 978-0-7432-8880-4
  • Forward (2018) In: Wild Migrations: Atlas of Wyoming's Ungulates. Alethea Y. Steingisser, Emilene Ostlind, Hall Sawyer, James E. Meacham, Matthew J. Kauffman, and William J. Rudd (Eds.).ISBN 978-0870719431


Short fiction



Title Year First published Reprinted/collected Notes
Rough deeds 2013 Proulx, Annie (June 10–17, 2013). "Rough deeds". The New Yorker. 89 (17): 56–61.
A resolute man 2016 Proulx, Annie (March 21, 2016). "A resolute man". The New Yorker. 92 (6): 76–85.

Awards and Republications

Film adaptations


  1. ^ "Library of Congress Name Authorities: Proulx, Annie". Retrieved February 4, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "Fiction". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
  3. ^ a b "National Book Awards – 1993". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-28.
    (With acceptance speech by Proulx and essays by Bob Shacochis and Mark Sarvas from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
  4. ^
  5. ^ Hennessy, D. M. (2007). Annie Proulx. In R. E. Lee & P. Meanor (Eds.), Dictionary of Literary Biography: Vol. 335. American Short-Story Writers Since World War II. Detroit: Gale.
  6. ^ Annie Proulx. (2013). In J. W. Hunter (Ed.), Contemporary Literary Criticism (Vol. 331). Detroit: Gale.
  7. ^ Jukka Petäjä, Maisema on ihmisen kehys ja varjo, Helsingin Sanomat, October 26, 2011, p. C4. (in Finnish)
  8. ^ "Annie Proulx". Retrieved 2016-01-25.
  9. ^ "Honorary Degree Citation - Annie Proulx | Concordia University Archives". Retrieved 2016-03-09.
  10. ^ WOOLFE, ZACHARY (26 January 2014). "Love That Dare Not Sing Its Name". New York Times. Retrieved 20 February 2014.
  11. ^ "The Customs Lounge in If, Volume 13 No 4, September 1963 – E. Annie Proulx". Retrieved 2007-03-18.
  12. ^ "Facts & Fiction – 97.11.12". (subscription only) The Atlantic Monthly. November 12, 1997.
  13. ^ Myers, B. R. (July–August 2001). "A Reader's Manifesto". The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  14. ^ Campbell, Duncan (August 16, 2001). "Critic savages 'pretentious' US literati". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-07-24.
  15. ^ Wise, Brian. "'Brokeback Mountain' Opera: The Critics Weigh In". Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  16. ^ William Jeffery, "Brokeback Mountain Opera Receives World Premiere", Limelight Magazine (30 January 2014).
  17. ^ Westphal, Matthew (27 September 2007). "'Gay 12-Tone Cowboys' - Composer Charles Wuorinen Plans Opera Version of Brokeback Mountain". Playbill. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
  18. ^ "Opera: BROKEBACK MOUNTAIN, Teatro Real;". 2013-10-02. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
  19. ^ Anthony Tommasini (29 January 2014). "Operatic Cowboys in Love, Onstage". New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
  20. ^ F. Scott Fitzgerald Literary Festival
  21. ^ "Heart songs / E. Annie Proulx". Catalogue. National Library of Australia.
  22. ^ Book World Editors (May 3, 2018). "Annie Proulx wins Library of Congress Prize for American Fiction". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 3, 2018.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  23. ^ United States Artists Official Website

Further reading

External links

1993 in literature

This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1993.

Accordion Crimes

Accordion Crimes is a 1996 novel by American writer E. Annie Proulx. It followed her Pulitzer Prize-winning 1993 work The Shipping News and was shortlisted for the 1997 Orange Broadband Prize for Fiction.


Barkskins is a 2016 novel by American writer Annie Proulx. It tells the story of two immigrants to New France, René Sel and Charles Duquet, and of their descendants. It spans over 300 years and witnesses the deforestation of the New World from the arrival of Europeans into the contemporary era of global warming.

Barkskins (TV series)

Barkskins is an upcoming American drama television series, based on the novel of the same name by Annie Proulx, that is set to premiere on National Geographic.

Brokeback Mountain (short story)

"Brokeback Mountain" is a short story by American author Annie Proulx. It was originally published in The New Yorker on October 13, 1997, for which it won the National Magazine Award for Fiction in 1998. Proulx won a third place O. Henry Award for the story in 1998. A slightly expanded version of the story was published in Proulx's 1999 collection of short stories, Close Range: Wyoming Stories. The collection was a finalist for the 2000 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

Screenwriters Larry McMurtry and Diana Ossana adapted the story for the 2005 film Brokeback Mountain. At that time, the short story and the screenplay were published together, along with essays by Proulx and the screenwriters, as Brokeback Mountain: Story to Screenplay. The story was also published separately in book form.This story has also been adapted as an opera by the same name, composed by Charles Wuorinen with a libretto in English by Proulx. It premiered at the Teatro Real in Madrid on January 28, 2014.

Diana Ossana

Diana Lynn Ossana is an American writer who has collaborated on writing screenplays, teleplays, and novels with author Larry McMurtry since they first worked together in 1992, on the semi-fictionalized biography Pretty Boy Floyd. She won a Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a Writers' Guild of America Award, a BAFTA Award and a Golden Globe Award for her screenplay of Ang Lee's Brokeback Mountain, along with McMurtry and adapted from the short story of the same name by Annie Proulx. She is a published author in her own right of several short stories and essays.

Ennis Del Mar

Ennis del Mar (Del Mar in the film) is the fictional main character of the short story "Brokeback Mountain" by Annie Proulx and the 2005 Academy Award-winning film adaptation of the same name directed by Ang Lee. Ennis's story is depicted by his complex sexual and romantic relationship with Jack Twist in the American West, over two decades from 1963 to 1983. In the film, he is portrayed by Heath Ledger, who was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance.

"Ennis del Mar" literally translates as "Island of the Sea". Ennis is a corruption of the Irish inis for island and del mar is Spanish for "of the sea".

Fine Just the Way It Is

Fine Just the Way It Is is a 2008 collection of short stories by Annie Proulx.

Heart Songs

Heart Songs is a 1994 collection of short stories by Annie Proulx. Most of the stories in the 1994 collection had previously been published as Heart Songs and Other Stories in 1988.

Jack Twist

Jack Twist is a fictional character of the short story "Brokeback Mountain" by Annie Proulx and the 2005 Academy Award-winning film adaptation of the same name directed by Ang Lee, where he is portrayed by American actor Jake Gyllenhaal. Jack's story is depicted by the complex, sexual, and romantic relationship he has with Ennis Del Mar in the American West from 1963 to 1983.

Gyllenhaal was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance.

Job History

"Job History" is part of a short story series, Close Range: Wyoming Stories by Annie Proulx. It takes place in the writer's hometown of Cora, Wyoming. The story follows the life of the main character, Leeland Lee, and his unsuccessful attempts to find employment. Radio news reports throughout the story relate to Leeland's struggles and disappointment. His lack of education and the unavailability of jobs in his hometown cause him to move often. His determination is commendable, but in the end his efforts are futile and he lives his life in discontent.

Postcards (disambiguation)

Postcards may refer to:

The plural of postcard

Postcards (memorial), a 9/11 memorial on Staten Island, New York, US

Postcards (novel), a novel by E. Annie Proulx

Postcards (TV series), an Australian magazine TV series

Postcards Records, an American jazz record label active during the 1990s

Postcards (novel)

Postcards is E. Annie Proulx's 1992 novel about the life and travels of Loyal Blood across the American West. Postcards has been likened by David Bradley to a Great American Novel. It is the predecessor to Proulx's award-winning The Shipping News. Postcards cuts between stories of Loyal's travels and the stories of his family back in Vermont, to whom he sends irregular postcards about his life and experiences. Loyal never leaves a return address, so is unable to hear back from his family and therefore misses all the news from home, including the death of his father and mother, the sale of the family farm, and the marriage of his sister to a virtual stranger.

The novel's content provides a personal view of America in the 20th Century, dealing with themes of war, industrialization, conservation and the American Dream. It also provides a glimpse into the way a family unit is slowly destroyed due to this arrival of a new age. Fate is one of the chief themes of the novel: no matter how hard one works for a better life, fate may alter the outcome. Thus, the book has a naturalistic perspective.

Sabri Gürses

Sabri Gürses (born February 7, 1972) is a Turkish writer. He has published poetry, novels, and short stories. His best-known novel in Turkey is Sevişme ("Making Love"), which is a science fiction novel about the way people use their bodies in a postmodern age. He has also written a science fiction trilogy, Boşvermişler (which may be translated as "The Ones Who Gave Up").

Gürses is also making translations from Russian and English to Turkish; among his translations are works by Mikhail Bakhtin, Yuri Lotman, Andrei Bely, Werner Sombart, Joseph Campbell, John Smolens, Jonathan Lethem, Kim Stanley Robinson, Shusha Guppy, Charles Nicholl, Don Delillo, William Guthrie, Werner Sombart, Fredric Jameson, William Shakespeare, Niall Lucy, David Foster Wallace, Richard Stites, Slavoj Žižek and Annie Proulx. He has made a complete translation of the famous revolutionary Sultan Galiev's writings from Russian to Turkish in 2006. This is the first complete translation of Galiev's Russian writings to another language.

As of 2005, he is publishing an online magazine/blog, Çeviribilim, focused on translation and its studies in Turkey.

Shipping News

Shipping News is an American post-rock/post-hardcore band. The group formed in the fall of 1996 when members Jason Noble and Jeff Mueller, who were both in Rodan, collaborated to create music for the Chicago-based syndicated National Public Radio program This American Life. Kyle Crabtree was later recruited as drummer which completed the original lineup. In 2004, Todd Cook, former member of Parlour, The For Carnation, and the reunited Slint, was recruited as bass player.

The Shipping News appeared on the Louisville installment of Burn to Shine, a DVD series produced by Fugazi drummer Brendan Canty and filmmaker Christoph Green. It was filmed in November 2005 and was premiered in May 2010 and was due to be released on DVD and download before Christmas 2010. Shipping News bass player Todd Cook also appeared with his other band, Dead Child.

Shipping News takes its name from the 1993 novel The Shipping News, by E. Annie Proulx.

In 2009, Noble was diagnosed with synovial sarcoma. He died in 2012 at the age of 40.

That Old Ace in the Hole

That Old Ace in the Hole is a 2002 novel by Annie Proulx.

The Shipping News

The Shipping News is a novel by American author E. Annie Proulx and published by Charles Scribner's Sons in 1993. It won the Pulitzer Prize, the U.S. National Book Award, as well as other awards. It was adapted as a film of the same name which was released in 2001.

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