Anne O'Hare McCormick

Anne O'Hare McCormick (16 May 1880 – 29 May 1954) was an English-American journalist who worked as a foreign news correspondent for The New York Times. In an era where the field was almost exclusively "a man's world", she became the first woman to receive a Pulitzer Prize in a major journalism category, winning in 1937 for correspondence. Her husband's job led to frequent travels abroad, and her career as a journalist became more specialized.

In 1921, she approached The New York Times about the prospect of becoming a freelance contributor from Europe. In 1936, she became the first woman to be appointed to the editorial board of the Times. Her dispatches from Europe that year were recognized with the Pulitzer Prize in 1937.

In 1939, with World War II imminent, McCormick spent five months in 13 different nations, speaking with both political leaders and ordinary citizens in reporting the growing crisis. She was reported to have spent time with President Franklin D. Roosevelt discussing policy. For her reporting during World War II, the War Department honored McCormick in 1946 with a campaign medal in recognition of "outstanding and conspicuous service with the armed forces under difficult and hazardous combat conditions."[1] Also in 1946, McCormick was selected to represent the US as a member of the first delegation to the UNESCO conference at the United Nations.

Anne O'Hare McCormick
Portrait of Anne O'Hare McCormick
Anne O'Hare McCormick
Born
Anne O'Hare

May 16, 1880
Wakefield, Yorkshire, England
DiedMay 29, 1954 (aged 74)
New York, United States
NationalityBritish, American
OccupationJournalist
Years active1910-1954
Known forFirst woman recipient of a major Pulitzer Prize in journalism, first woman to join the editorial board of The New York Times
Anne O'Hare McCormick sisters
Anne O'Hare McCormick on right, about 10 years old, with sisters Mabel and Florence

Early life

McCormick was born in Wakefield, England on 16 May 1880, to parents Thomas J. O'Hare and Theresa Beatrice (née Berry), the first of three children.[2] She moved to the United States shortly after birth, and lived in Massachusetts before settling in Columbus, Ohio. Her father deserted the family in 1897. She was educated at the College of Saint Mary of the Springs. After graduating, McCormick became an associate editor for the Catholic Universe Bulletin (where her mother worked). She married Dayton businessman Francis J. McCormick, Jr. (1872–1954), an importer and executive of the Dayton Plumbing Supply Company, on 14 September 1910.[3][4]

Journalism career

After marrying Francis, McCormick moved to Dayton, Ohio, and began freelance writing. Her work was first published by the Catholic World, The Reader Magazine, The Smart Set, The Bookman and The New York Times Magazine. As her husband traveled, she accompanied him, and in 1921 asked Carr Van Anda if she could contribute articles to the New York Times, to cover stories not already investigated by the Times' foreign reporters. The Times accepted, and McCormick provided the first in-depth reports of the rise of Benito Mussolini and the Fascist movement in Italy.[3] As described in a Current Biography article in 1940, "she was perhaps the first reporter to see that a young Milanese newspaper editor, lantern-jawed, hungry and insignificant, would attain world importance".[5]

Prior to the start of World War II, McCormick obtained interviews with Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini, German leader Adolf Hitler, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Winston Churchill, President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Popes Pius XI and XII, and other world leaders.[3] McCormick died in New York on May 29, 1954 and is buried at Gate of Heaven cemetery in Hawthorne, NY.[6]

References

  1. ^ Edy, Carolyn M. (2016). The Woman War Correspondent, The U.S Military, and The Press, 1846–1947. Lanham, MD. ISBN 9781498539272. OCLC 958798216.
  2. ^ Notable American women: the modern period : a biographical dictionary, Volume 4, by Barbara Sicherman, Carol Hurd Green
  3. ^ a b c Sicherman, Barbara; Green, Carol Hurd (1980). Notable American Women: The Modern Period : a Biographical Dictionary. Harvard University Press. ISBN 9780674627338.
  4. ^ "Ann O'Hare McKormick - Great American Biographies". Constitutional Law Reporter. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
  5. ^ Fischer, Heinz Dietrich (1987). The Pulitzer Prize Archive: International reporting, 1928-1985. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 9783598301711.
  6. ^ "MCCORMICK, ANNE (O'HARE) | Encyclopedia of Cleveland History | Case Western Reserve University". Encyclopedia of Cleveland History | Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved 2018-05-29.

Sources

  • "Anne O'Hare McCormick and the Changing Times" chapter in Women of the World, the Great Foreign Correspondents, Julia Edwards, Ivy Books, 1988.
  • Current Biography 1940 Yearbook, 530–531.
  • "Elizabeth A. McCormick", Ohio History Central, July 1, 2005.
  • "Anne O'Hare McCormick Is Dead; Member of Times Editorial Board; Pulitzer Prize Winner in 1937 Interpreted News in Her Column, 'Abroad'," The New York Times 30 May 1954, 1.
1937 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1937.

Advisory Committee on Postwar Foreign Policy

The Advisory Committee on Postwar Foreign Policy was a secretive committee created on February 12, 1942, to prepare recommendations for President Franklin D. Roosevelt on post World War II foreign policy. Predecessors included the similar Advisory Committee on Problems of Foreign Relations and the Division of Special Research. It was created by Secretary of State Cordell Hull at the suggestion of his assistant Leo Pasvolsky and Norman Davis of the Council on Foreign Relations. The committee appointed subcommittees on political problems, economic reconstruction, territorial matters, legal questions and the creation of an international organization, all under the direction of Pasvolsky. After four sessions, the main committee disbanded, Hull preferring to rely on the smaller subcommittees.

Chairman of the committee was Secretary of State Cordell Hull; vice chairman, Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles, Dr. Leo Pasvolsky (director of the Division of Special Research) was appointed Executive Officer. The committee included Dean Acheson, Esther C. Brunauer, Lauchlin Currie, Laurence Duggan, Herbert Feis, Alger Hiss, Harry Hawkins, Philip Jessup, Archibald MacLeish, Charles W. Yost, George C. Marshall, Henry Wadleigh, Henry Agard Wallace, and Harry Dexter White.

Several experts were brought in from outside the State Department, mostly members of the Council on Foreign Relations such as Hamilton Fish Armstrong, Isaiah Bowman, Benjamin V. Cohen, Norman H. Davis, Anne O'Hare McCormick, James T. Shotwell and Myron Taylor. The international organizations subcommittee, the Special Subcommittee on International Organization included Welles, Bowman, Pasvolsky, Cohen, Shotwell, Notter, Green Hackworth, the State Department legal adviser and later Clark Eichelberger of the League of Nations Association, and eventually produced a draft charter of a new international organization. The economic policy subcommittee was led by Dean Acheson, and the economic reconstruction subcommittee by Adolph Berle.[1]

From March 1942, the committee was supplied with research secretaries by the Council on Foreign Relations' War and Peace Studies project, with each subcommittee being served by the secretary of a corresponding Council study group. Meetings were scheduled to allow secretaries to carry out Council work during the first half of each week with the remainder of the week spent at the State Department.In early 1943, as the committee declined in importance, much of its work was taken over by the Informal Political Agenda Group composed of Hull, Welles, Taylor, Davis, Bowman and Pasvolsky.

Amelia Nava

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Barbara Ross-Lee

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Ellen Walker Craig-Jones

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Ethel Swanbeck

Ethel Gertrude Swanbeck (October 15, 1893 – December 21, 1989) from Huron, Ohio was a former member of the Ohio House of Representatives. She was the first woman to serve eleven consecutive terms in the Ohio House from 1955 to 1976.

Fannie Lewis

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Florence Melton

Florence Zacks Melton (November 6, 1911 – February 8, 2007) was an American inventor known for innovating the foam-soled and washable slipper.

Grace L. Drake

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Ivy Gunter

Ivy Stephenson Gunter (born June 22, 1950 in Bellevue, Ohio) is an amputee, fashion model, osteosarcoma survivor, inspirational speaker, and fitness enthusiast. She is the author of the book On the Ragged Edge of Drop Dead Gorgeous.In early 1980 she was diagnosed with bone cancer in her right leg, leading to its amputation. Five months after surgery, she returned to filming, with wigs and a prosthetic leg. She returned to modeling shortly thereafter. Gunter was inducted into the Ohio Women's Hall of Fame in 1993.

Janet Kalven

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Karen Nussbaum

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Mildred Bayer

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Naomi Evans

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Newswomen's Club of New York

The Newswomen's Club of New York is a nonprofit organization that focuses on women working in the media in the New York City metropolitan area. It was founded in 1922 as the New York Newspaper Woman's Club and included such well-known individuals as Eleanor Roosevelt, Helen Rogers Reid and Anne O'Hare McCormick among its membership; it changed its name in 1971 to include members working in magazines and broadcast media. The organization presents its Front Page Award annually to honor the most prominent achievements by women in journalism.

Ohio Dominican University

Ohio Dominican University is a private Dominican liberal arts university in Columbus, Ohio. The university has approximately 1,700 students and offers undergraduate degrees in 40 majors as well as nine graduate degree programs.

Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence

The Pulitzer Prize for Correspondence was awarded from 1929 to 1947.

Roman Rota

The Roman Rota, formally the Apostolic Tribunal of the Roman Rota (Latin: Tribunal Apostolicum Rotae Romanae), and anciently the Apostolic Court of Audience, is the highest appellate tribunal of the Catholic Church, with respect to both Latin-rite members and the Eastern-rite members and is, with respect to judicial trials conducted in the Catholic Church, the highest ecclesiastical court constituted by the Holy See. An appeal may be had to the Pope himself, who is the supreme ecclesiastical judge. The Catholic Church has a complete legal system, which is the oldest in the West still in use. The court is named Rota (wheel) because the judges, called auditors, originally met in a round room to hear cases. The Rota was established in the 13th century.

Sally Cooper

Sally Cooper (born 12 October 1978 in Melbourne) is an Australian former cricket player. She played 42 matches for the Queensland Fire in the Women's National Cricket League. Cooper played seven One Day Internationals for the Australia national women's cricket team.

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