Anne Armstrong

Anne Legendre Armstrong (December 27, 1927 – July 30, 2008) was a United States diplomat and politician. She was the first woman to serve as Counselor to the President and as United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom; serving in those capacities under the Ford, Nixon, and Carter administrations. She was the recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1987.

Anne Armstrong
Anne Armstrong 1982
Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board
In office
October 20, 1981 – July 17, 1990
PresidentRonald Reagan
George H. W. Bush
Preceded byLeo Cherne (1977)
Succeeded byJohn Tower
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
In office
March 17, 1976 – March 3, 1977
PresidentGerald Ford
Jimmy Carter
Preceded byElliot Richardson
Succeeded byKingman Brewster
Counselor to the President
In office
January 19, 1973 – December 18, 1974
Served with Dean Burch, Kenneth Rush
PresidentRichard Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded byRobert Finch
Succeeded byRobert T. Hartmann
John O. Marsh
Personal details
BornDecember 27, 1927
New Orleans, Louisiana, U.S.
DiedJuly 30, 2008 (aged 80)
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Tobin Armstrong
EducationVassar College (BA)


She was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and was graduated from Vassar College in 1949. In 1950, she married Tobin Armstrong and moved to Kenedy County, Texas. From 1966 to 1968, she was the vice chairman of the Texas Republican Party. From 1971 to 1973 she was Co-chairman of the Republican National Committee, and she was the keynote speaker at the 1972 Republican National Convention. (She was the first woman from either major party to keynote at a national convention). Nixon named her as Counselor to the President on 19 December 1972, which she held from January 19, 1973 to November 1974 under President Ford.[1] During her tenure as Counselor, Armstrong founded the first Office of Women's Programs in the White House,[2] predecessor to the current White House Council on Women and Girls. Fluent in Spanish, she was Nixon's liaison to Hispanic Americans and was a member of a Cabinet committee on opportunities for Spanish-speaking people.[2] In 1973, a young Karl Rove, then on his way to becoming the chairman of the College Republicans, suggested in a memorandum to Armstrong that the Republican Party show nonpolitical films (such as John Wayne movies and Reefer Madness) at College Republican clubs as part of a strategy to raise support for the party among students and for fundraising.

From 1976 to 1977, Armstrong was the first woman United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. At the 1976 Republican National Convention in Kansas City, Missouri, there was a draft effort to put Armstrong on the ticket as the vice presidential nominee with incumbent President Gerald Ford; Senator Robert Dole of Kansas was instead chosen by Ford. In 1978, Armstrong supported George W. Bush in his successful primary challenge to Jim Reese in their congressional runoff primary in Texas's 19th congressional district.[3] Bush, however, lost the general election that fall to then-Democrat Kent Hance.

In 1987, Armstrong was given the Presidential Medal of Freedom by Ronald Reagan. She received an honorary Doctor of Laws from St. Mary's University in 1978.

In addition to her public life, Armstrong served on the boards of many U.S. corporations, including American Express, Boise Cascade, Halliburton, and General Motors. She also served on the board of non profit organizations such as Center for Strategic and International Studies and was a member of the Founding Council of the Rothermere American Institute, and the University of Oxford.

Armstrong died of cancer at a hospice in Houston in 2008. She is buried at Oakwood Cemetery, Austin, Texas.[4] She was survived by her 5 children, John Barclay Armstrong II, Sarita Hixon, Tobin Armstrong Jr., Katharine Love and James L. Armstrong.

Her daughter, Katharine (Armstrong) Love, is a Bush Pioneer and was at the Armstrong family ranch south of Corpus Christi when the Dick Cheney hunting incident occurred there in February 2006.[5]


  1. ^ "Desert Sun 19 December 1972 — California Digital Newspaper Collection". Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  2. ^ a b Holley, Joe (2008-07-31). "Leading Texas Republican Anne Armstrong". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2016-10-22.
  3. ^ "Mayor Jim Reese of Odessa and the Republican Party in the Permian Basin", The West Texas Historical Association Year Book, Vol. LXXXVII (October 2011), p. 138
  4. ^ "Anne Legendre Armstrong (1927 - 2008) - Find A Grave Memorial". Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. ^ "Cheney's hunting host lobbied White House". NBC Investigative Unit via MSNBC. 2006-02-15.

External links

Party political offices
Preceded by
Daniel Evans
Keynote Speaker of the Republican National Convention
Succeeded by
Howard Baker
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Finch
Counselor to the President
Served alongside: Dean Burch, Kenneth Rush
Succeeded by
Robert Hartmann
Succeeded by
John O. Marsh
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Elliot Richardson
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
Kingman Brewster
Government offices
Title last held by
Leo Cherne
Chair of the President's Intelligence Advisory Board
Succeeded by
John Tower
1972 Republican National Convention

The 1972 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held from August 21 to August 23, 1972, at the Miami Beach Convention Center in Miami Beach, Florida. It nominated President Richard M. Nixon and Vice President Spiro T. Agnew for reelection. The convention was chaired by then-U.S. House Minority Leader and future Nixon successor Gerald Ford of Michigan. It was the fifth time Nixon had been nominated on the Republican ticket as either its vice-presidential (1952 and 1956) or presidential candidate (1960 and 1968). Hence, Nixon's five appearances on his party's ticket matched the major-party American standard of Franklin D. Roosevelt, a Democrat who had been nominated for Vice President once (in 1920) and President four times (in 1932, 1936, 1940 and 1944).

2018 Rhode Island gubernatorial election

The 2018 Rhode Island gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 2018, to elect the Governor of Rhode Island, concurrently with the election of Rhode Island's Class I U.S. Senate seat, as well as other elections to the United States Senate in other states and elections to the United States House of Representatives and various state and local elections.

On September 12, 2018, incumbent governor Gina Raimondo and Cranston mayor and 2014 gubernatorial nominee Allan Fung won the Democratic and Republican primaries respectively, facing each other in a rematch of the 2014 election. Raimondo defeated Fung in the general election on November 6 to win a second term as governor, improving on her plurality win in 2014 to earn a majority of the votes, and becoming the first Gubernatorial candidate (incumbent or challenger) that won a majority of votes since Donald Carcieri in 2006.

Albert Capraro

Albert Capraro (May 20, 1943 – October 2013) was an American fashion designer. He graduated from Parsons School of Design and worked for Lilly Daché and Oscar de la Renta for 8 years crafting the boutique collection, before starting his own business in 1974. His clients included Betty Ford, Susan Ford, Barbara Walters, Cristina Ferrare, Polly Bergen, Tawny Little

, Phyllis George and Anne Armstrong.Capraro died in October 2013, aged 70.

Anne W. Armstrong

Anne Wetzell Armstrong (September 20, 1872 – March 17, 1958) was an American novelist and businesswoman, active primarily in the first half of the 20th century. She is best known for her novel, This Day and Time, an account of life in a rural Appalachian community. She was also a pioneering woman in business management, and was the first woman to lecture before the Harvard School of Business and Dartmouth's Tuck School of Business in the early 1920s.

Armant Legendre

Armant Agricole Jean Baptiste Legendre (June 17, 1899 – November 1963) was an American football player. He played at the end position for the Princeton Tigers football team and was selected International News Service, Walter Eckersall and Football World magazine as a first-team player on the 1920 College Football All-America Team. He was picked as a second-team All-American by Walter Camp. He also played basketball for Princeton.After graduating from Princeton, Legendre served as the ends coach for Princeton in 1921. He was of Creole heritage and later lived in New Orleans and worked as a coffee importer. In May 1931, he was appointed by President Herbert Hoover to the Brazilian Coffee Commission. His daughter Anne Armstrong was the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1977.

Dean Burch

Roy Dean Burch (December 20, 1927 – August 4, 1991) was an American lawyer and lobbyist. He served as chairman of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from October 1969 to March 1974 and Counselor to the President in 1974, during the administrations of U.S. President Richard M. Nixon and Gerald Ford. From 1964 to 1965, he was the chairman of the Republican National Committee, during the Barry Goldwater presidential campaign.

Deborah Tucker (executive)

Deborah Tucker is an American activist and executive who founded the first shelter in the United States for victims of domestic violence and their children. In 2014, she was inducted into the Texas Women's Hall of Fame.

Electoral history of George H. W. Bush

George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989–1993), 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–1989); Director of the CIA (1976–1977) and United States Representative from Texas (1967–1971).

Texas United States Senate election, 1964 (Republican primary):

George H. W. Bush – 62,985 (44.08%)

Jack Cox – 45,561 (31.89%)

Robert J. Morris – 28,279 (19.79%)

Milton Davis – 6,067 (4.25%)Texas United States Senate election, 1964 (Republican primary runoff):

George H. W. Bush – 49,751 (62.12%)

Jack Cox – 30,333 (37.88%)Texas United States Senate election, 1964:

Ralph Yarborough (D) (inc.) – 1,463,958 (56.22%)

George H. W. Bush (R) – 1,134,337 (43.56%)

Jack Carswell (Constitution) – 5,542 (0.21%)Texas' 7th congressional district, 1966:

George H. W. Bush (R) – 53,756 (57.07%)

Frank Briscoe (D) – 39,958 (42.42%)

Bob Gray (Constitution) – 488 (0.52%)Texas' 7th congressional district, 1968:

George H. W. Bush (R) (inc.) – 110,455 (100.00%)Texas United States Senate election, 1970 (Republican primary):

George H. W. Bush – 96,806 (87.64%)

Robert J. Morris – 13,654 (12.36%)Texas United States Senate election, 1970:

Lloyd Bentsen (D) – 1,194,069 (53.55%)

George H. W. Bush (R) – 1,035,794 (46.45%)1980 Republican presidential primaries:

Ronald Reagan – 7,709,793 (59.79%)

George H. W. Bush – 3,070,033 (23.81%)

John B. Anderson – 1,572,174 (12.19%)

Howard Baker – 181,153 (1.41%)

Phil Crane – 97,793 (0.76%)

John Connally – 82,625 (0.64%)

Unpledged delegates – 68,155 (0.53%)

Ben Fernandez – 25,520 (0.20%)

Harold Stassen – 25,425 (0.20%)

Gerald Ford – 10,557 (0.08%)

Bob Dole – 7,204 (0.06%)

Others – 33,217 (0.26%)1980 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

Ronald Reagan – 1,939 (97.44%)

John B. Anderson – 37 (1.86%)

George H. W. Bush – 13 (0.65%)

Anne Armstrong – 1 (0.05%)1980 Republican National Convention (Vice Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush – 1,832 (93.33%)

Jesse Helms – 54 (2.75%)

Jack Kemp – 42 (2.14%)

Phil Crane – 23 (1.17%)

James R. Thompson – 5 (0.26%)

John M. Ashbrook – 1 (0.05%)

Howard Baker – 1 (0.05%)

Henry J. Hyde – 1 (0.05%)

Donald Rumsfeld – 1 (0.05%)

Eugene Schroeder – 1 (0.05%)

William E. Simon – 1 (0.05%)

Guy Vander Jagt – 1 (0.05%)United States presidential election, 1980

Ronald Reagan/George H. W. Bush (R) – 43,903,230 (50.7%) and 489 electoral votes (44 states carried)

Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale (D) (inc.) – 35,480,115 (41.0%) and 49 electoral votes (6 states and D.C. carried)

John B. Anderson/Patrick Joseph Lucey (I) – 5,719,850 (6.6%)

Ed Clark/David H. Koch (Libertatian) – 921,128 (1.1%)

Barry Commoner/LaDonna Harris (Citizens) – 233,052 (0.3%)

John Rarick/Eileen Shearer (American Independent) – 40,906 (0.0%)

Ellen McCormack/Carroll Driscoll (Right to Life) – 32,320 (0.0%)

Others – 252,303 (0.3%)1984 Republican National Convention (Vice Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 2,231 (99.82%)

Abstaining – 2 (0.09%)

Jack Kemp – 1 (0.05%)

Jeane Kirkpatrick – 1 (0.05%)United States presidential election, 1984

Ronald Reagan/George H. W. Bush (R) (inc.) – 54,455,472 (58.8%) and 525 electoral votes (49 states carried)

Walter Mondale/Geraldine Ferraro (D) – 37,577,352 (40.6%) and 13 electoral votes (1 state and D.C. carried)

David Bergland/James A. Lewis (Libertarian) – 228,111 (0.3%)

Others – 392,298 (0.4%)1988 Republican presidential primaries:

George H. W. Bush – 8,258,512 (67.91%)

Bob Dole – 2,333,375 (19.19%)

Pat Robertson – 1,097,446 (9.02%)

Jack Kemp – 331,333 (2.72%)

Unpledged – 56,990 (0.47%)

Pierre S. du Pont, IV – 49,783 (0.41%)

Alexander M. Haig – 26,619 (0.22%)

Harold Stassen – 2,682 (0.02%)1988 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush – 2,277 (100.00%)United States presidential election, 1988

George H. W. Bush/Dan Quayle (R) – 48,886,597 (53.4%) and 426 electoral votes (40 states carried)

Michael Dukakis/Lloyd Bentsen (D) – 41,809,476 (45.6%) and 111 electoral votes (10 states and D.C. carried)

Lloyd Bentsen/Michael Dukakis (D) – 1 electoral vote (West Virginia's faithless elector)

Ron Paul/Andre Marrou (Libertarian) – 431,750 (0.5%)

Lenora Fulani (New Alliance) – 217,221 (0.2%)

Others – 249,642 (0.3%)1992 Republican presidential primaries:

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 9,199,463 (72.84%)

Pat Buchanan – 2,899,488 (22.96%)

Unpledged – 287,383 (2.28%)

David Duke – 119,115 (0.94%)

Ross Perot – 56,136 (0.44%)

Pat Paulsen – 10,984 (0.09%)

Maurice Horton – 9,637 (0.08%)

Harold Stassen – 8,099 (0.06%)1992 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 2,189 (99.05%)

Pat Buchanan – 18 (0.81%)

Howard Phillips – 2 (0.09%)

Alan Keyes – 1 (0.05%)1992 New York State Right to Life Party Convention:

George H. W. Bush – unopposedUnited States presidential election, 1992

Bill Clinton/Al Gore (D) – 44,909,806 (43.0%) and 370 electoral votes (32 states and D.C. carried)

George H. W. Bush/Dan Quayle (R) (inc.) – 39,104,550 (37.4%) and 168 electoral votes (18 states carried)

Ross Perot/James Stockdale (I) – 19,743,821 (18.9%)

Andre Marrou/Nancy Lord (Libertarian) – 290,087 (0.3%)

Bo Gritz/Cy Minett (Populist) – 106,152 (0.1%)

Lenora Fulani/Maria Muñoz (New Alliance) – 73,622 (0.07%)

Howard Phillips/Albion Knight, Jr. (Taxpayers) – 43,369 (0.04%)

Others – 152,516 (0.13%)

Elizabeth Armstrong

Elizabeth Anne "Betsey" Armstrong (born January 31, 1983) is an American water polo goalkeeper, who won gold medals with the United States women's national water polo team at the 2012 Olympics, 2007 and 2011 Pan American Games, and 2007 and 2009 world championships.

Armstrong attended Huron High School in Ann Arbor and was a three-year letterwinner on her water polo team. She then went on to graduate from the University of Michigan in 2005, where she was the goalkeeper for the women's water polo team. Betsey graduated with a bachelor's degree in English language and Literature. She is currently the record holder at University of Michigan with 350 saves.Armstrong made her debut for the national team in 2006. At the 2008 China Summer Olympic games, she and the American team lost 8–9 in the championship game to the Netherlands and took home the silver medal.

In June 2009, Armstrong was named to the USA water polo women's senior national team for the 2009 FINA World Championships. She was named the best female water polo player for 2010 by FINA Aquatics World Magazine.Starting in 2012, Betsey was hired as the assistant coach of the University of Michigan Women's Water Polo Team. She works alongside head coach Matt Anderson in coaching the players.

Ginger Kerrick

Ginger Kerrick is an American physicist at NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center.

Henrietta Constantine

Henrietta Anne Constantine (1857 – 1934) was a Canadian photographer.

Kate Atkinson Bell

Catherine "Kate" Atkinson Bell (June 29, 1907 – February 25, 2003) was an American educator.

Kenneth Rush

David Kenneth Rush (January 17, 1910 – December 11, 1994) was a United States Ambassador who helped negotiate the groundbreaking Four-Power Agreement in 1971 that ended the post-war crisis over Berlin.

Lane Murray

Lane Murray was an educator who helped found the correctional education system in prisons in Texas.

Leo Cherne

Leo M. Cherne (September 8, 1912, The Bronx, New York – January 12, 1999) was an American economist, public servant, commentator, and an accomplished sculptor. He graduated from New York Law School in 1935. His career spanned more than fifty years.

Mary Villiers, Countess of Buckingham

Mary Villiers, Countess of Buckingham (née Beaumont; c. 1570 – 19 April 1632) is perhaps best known as the mother of the royal favourite Sir George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham. She was the daughter of Anthony Beaumont of Glenfield, Leicestershire, a direct descendant of Henry de Beaumont, and his wife Anne Armstrong, daughter of Thomas Armstrong of Corby.

Michael Cawood Green

Michael Cawood Green (born 10 April 1954) is a South African born academic and writer.

As a researcher he is most noted for his monograph, Novel Histories which explores the uses of history in South African fiction. He is the author of two works of historical fiction, Sinking: A Verse Novella about the 1964 Blyvooruitzicht sinkhole disaster, and For the Sake of Silence about the Trappists in South Africa. His latest work, The Ghosting of Anne Armstrong is a literary thriller about a 17th Century Northumberland witch accuser, published by Goldsmiths Press and MIT, it is available from 2nd April 2019.

Michael Green's fiction forms part of a 'new wave' of writing (see also Zakes Mda, Ivan Vladislavic, J. M. Coetzee) which explores the altered landscape of Post-apartheid South Africa. His work, as noted critic Leon de Kock puts it, "...speaks to the muteness of history, ... that ruptures the silence of time past, and further, ...talks so very eloquently about those who would not speak at all..."[1](Review: Leon de Kok, Sunday Times online, 15 June 2008)

Michael Green is currently Professor in English and Creative Writing at Northumbria University.

Thomas Eustace Vesey, 7th Viscount de Vesci

Thomas Eustace Vesey, 7th Viscount de Vesci of Abbeyleix was born on 8 October 1955. He was the son of John Eustace Vesey, 6th Viscount de Vesci and the former Susan Anne Armstrong-Jones, sister of Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon. He sold Abbeyleix Castle, saddled with £1.5 million in death duties, in 1994 to the financier Sir David Davies. He is nephew to Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon and grand-nephew of Valentine Browne, 6th Earl of Kenmare.'

Despite the sale of Abbeyleix House and Estate, Lord de Vesci continues to promote the heritage of the town. In 2012, he gave an interview about his family's connection to the town of Abbeyleix to Glenda Gilson for

USS Los Angeles (SSN-688)

USS Los Angeles (SSN-688), lead ship of her class of submarines, was the fourth ship of the United States Navy to be named for Los Angeles, California. The contract to build her was awarded to Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company in Newport News, Virginia on 8 January 1971 and her keel was laid down on 8 January 1972. She was launched on 6 April 1974 sponsored by Anne Armstrong, and commissioned on 13 November 1976 with Commander John E. Christensen in command. She hosted President Jimmy Carter and the First Lady on 27 May 1977 for an at-sea demonstration of her capabilities. In 2007 she was the oldest submarine in active service with the United States Navy. The Navy decommissioned USS Los Angeles on 23 January 2010, in the Port of Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, her namesake city. The wardroom of the oldest submarine in the fleet carries Richard O'Kane's personal cribbage board, and upon Los Angeles' decommissioning the board was transferred to the next oldest boat, USS Bremerton.

Ministers Plenipotentiary to
the Court of St. James's
Envoys Extraordinary and
Ministers Plenipotentiary to
the Court of St. James's
Ambassadors Extraordinary
and Plenipotentiary to
the Court of St. James's

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