Annapurna Circuit

The Circuit is a trek within the mountain ranges of central Nepal.[1] The total length of the route varies between 160–230 km (100-145 mi), depending on where motor transportation is used and where the trek is ended. This trek crosses two different river valleys and encircles the Annapurna Massif. The path reaches its highest point at Thorung La pass (5416m/17769 ft), touching the edge of the Tibetan plateau. Practically all trekkers hike the route anticlockwise, as this way the daily altitude gain is slower, and crossing the high Thorong La pass is easier and safer.[2]

The mountain scenery, seen at close quarters includes the Annapurna Massif (Annapurna I-IV), Dhaulagiri, Machhapuchhre, Manaslu, Gangapurna, Tilicho Peak, Pisang Peak, and Paungda Danda. Numerous other peaks of 6000-8000m in elevation rise from the Annapurna range.

The trek begins at Besisahar or Bhulbhule in the Marshyangdi river valley and concludes in the Kali Gandaki Gorge. Besisahar can be reached after a seven-hour drive from Kathmandu. The trail passes along paddy fields and into subtropical forests, several waterfalls and gigantic cliffs, and various villages.

Annapurna Circuit has often been voted as the best long distance trek in the world, as it combined, in its old full form, a wide variety of climate zones from tropics at 600 m asl to the arctic at 5416 m asl at the Thorong La pass and cultural variety from Hindu villages at the low foothills to the Tibetan culture of Manang Valley and lower Mustang. Continuing construction of a road has shortened the trail and changed the villages. With construction of the road, mountain biking is becoming popular, with Mustang in particular becoming one of the world's most popular mountain biking destinations.[3]

Standard trek duration

View of Annapurna massif near Manang, Nepal.
View of Annapurna massif near Manang, Nepal.

The trek usually takes about 15–20 days,[4] leaving from Kathmandu with a stopover in Pokhara before returning to the capital.[4] The trail is moderate to fairly challenging and makes numerous river crossings over steel and wooden suspension bridges. Tea houses and lodges along the circuit are available for meals and accommodations. Some groups may opt for tents but these are typically only for those destined for side trips away from lodges such as climbing a peak.[4][5]

Outline Itinerary

Marsyangdi river valley near Pisang
Paungda Danda and Marsyangdi river valley near Pisang

Day 01 - From Kathmandu, travel west to Besisahar [820m/2690 ft] via private vehicle or public bus, taking six to seven hours.

Day 02 - Trek to Khudi [790m/2592 ft]

Day 03 - Trek to Bahundanda [1310m/4298 ft]

Day 04 - Trek to Jagat [1290m/4232 ft]

Day 05 - Trek to Dharapani [1920m/6299 ft]

Day 06 - Trek to Chame [2630m/8629 ft]

Day 07 - Trek to Upper/Lower Pisang [3190m/10466 ft]

Day 08 - Trek to Manang [3520m/11549 ft]

Day 09 - Rest day in Manang [3520m/11549 ft]

Day 10 - Trek to Letdar [4250m/13944 ft]

Day 11 - Trek to Thorung Phedi [4500m/14764 ft]

Day 12 - Trek to Muktinath [3800m/12467 ft], crossing the Thorung La en route

Day 13 - Trek to Marpha [2665m/8743 ft]

Day 14 - Trek to Lete [2470m/8104 ft] (now often with car or mountainbike)

Day 15 - Trek to Tatopani [1160m/3806 ft] (now often with car or mountainbike, day 14)

Day 16 - Trek to Ghorepani [2775m/9104 ft]

Day 17 - Trek to Birethanti [1050m/3445 ft] and travel to Pokhara

Day 18 - Return to Kathmandu [1400m/4593 ft] [6] Depending on the speed of the trekkers, number and length of side trips and rest days taken, acclimatization, weather and where the trek is finished, hiking the Annapurna Circuit can take anything from 8 to 25 days. Many trekkers short on time choose to fly out from Jomsom Airport, which shortens the trek by 6 days compared to the original AC.

It is also possible to continue from Ghorepani to Tadapani, Ghandruk, Landruk and then to Phedi, which follows the old Annapurna Circuit from the time when the road was not yet extended to Beni. This more faithful variation takes three days instead of the shorter one-day exit from Ghorepani to Pokhara outlined above. A popular addition to the AC is a visit to Annapurna Base Camp, ABC (also called Annapurna Sanctuary). This trail turns to the north from Tadapani and rejoins the old AC at either Ghandruk or Landruk. A visit to the ABC adds about 5 days to the duration of the Annapurna Circuit, slightly less than the normal trek duration to ABC, as trekkers coming from the AC are already acclimatized and "trail hardened".

It is recommended that trekkers take the high trail from Pisang via Ghyaru and Ngawal to Manang, as the views are spectacular and the two villages along the route are some of the best preserved samples of Tibetan style villages still in their original state. Sleeping in either of these villages assists with acclimatization, as they are located already higher than Manang. Another side trip gaining popularity is the visit to Tilicho Tal, a lake. There are now lodges along the trail and near the lake at so-called Tilicho Base Camp, so tents are no longer required. If one wishes to cross to Jomsom via the Tilicho route, outdoor camping (and thus a tent) is required.[7] At certain times of year, snow conditions can make the crossing dangerous or prevent it altogether.

In October 2014, Seth Wolpin achieved the fastest known time in 72 hours and 4 minutes. He started in Besisahar and finished in Naya Pull, following all New Annapurna Trekking Trails.[8][9]

It is reported[10] that, the previous record of the Annapurna Circuit held by Seth Wolpin has been recently surpassed by the Greek athlete and philanthropist Lefteris Paraskevas, who, in May 2017 completed the classic route of the Circuit, from Besisahar to Nayapulin, in 68 hours and 22 minutes, achieving thus a new Fastest Known Time for the route.

Annapurna circuit weather

While much of the Himalayas cannot be trekked in the wet season, much of the Annapurna circuit actually sits within a rain shadow. This means that it is possible to trek most parts of the circuit all year-round, including the monsoon period.[4]

Trekking in the wet season is often encouraged as hikers avoid the crowds that plague the summer months. However, the days are often damp and many of the views are obscured by cloud.

October – November

This is the most popular hiking season in Nepal. Due to the recent monsoons, everything along the circuit is refreshed, clean and vibrant. Views are usually clear and the night sky is extremely visible. Though the weather is generally warm, nighttime temperatures drop below freezing. This is the busiest period on the circuit and tea houses book up very quickly.[11]

December – March

This is the coldest period on the circuit. Depending on the altitude, day time temperatures will be cold and night time temperatures drop well below freezing. The trade off is that the trails are much less busy. Thorung La Pass, which stands at over 5,000 meters, is often blocked with snow and may be closed for days on end. Unless the snow blocks most trails, tea houses still remain open during this period. Clouds prevail more frequently, but clear days are still common. Towards March the rhododendrons start flowering, which brings hill sides alive with flaming colours. Unfortunately, this period is also when avalanches are most common.

April – May

Because of the warming weather, April to May is the second most popular trekking season on the Annapurna Circuit.[12] Most of the snow has dissipated, leaving crystal clear skies. There is often a strange haze that can be seen from the lower altitudes during May. However, this soon passes and cannot be seen from higher up the trail. As the monsoon period builds towards the end of May, the days become hotter and more humid which makes trekking at lower altitude quite uncomfortable.

June – September

This is the monsoon period. Although there are stories of torrential downpours, mudslides and hordes of leeches, this is rarely the case on the Annapurna Circuit, particular the northern section. Whilst the south section of the Annapurna Circuit near Pokhara does get a lot of rain, the northern parts often receive less than 10% of the precipitation due to the location within a rain shadow. The upside of trekking in the monsoon period is that many of the flora species flower during this period, making the trek exceptionally beautiful. This is also the time when the Tilicho Lake side trek is relatively easier.

History

The Annapurna area was opened to foreign trekkers in 1977 after the disputes between CIA backed Khampa guerrillas operating from the area into Tibet, and the local populace and Nepal army were settled. The original trek started from the market town of Dhumre situated at the Kathmandu - Pokhara highway and ended in Pokhara, and took about 23 days to complete. Road construction started in early 1980s both from Dhumre to the north and from Pokhara to the west and then up the Kali Gandaki valley. The road has now reached Chamje on the Marsyangdi river valley and Muktinath on the Kali Gandaki side. Of the trek's original 23 days, only 5 walking days of the trek are now without a motor road. In places new trails and routes have been marked so that the road can be partly avoided. The existence of the road has nevertheless changed the area, appearance, and atmosphere of the villages. The road facilitates transport, increasing the popularity of mountain biking in the area. Since 2011, companies in Muktinath and Jomsom rent out mountain bikes to tourists. As the road sees very little traffic, and one can ride downhill (dirt road and/or single track) from Muktinath to Tatopani and descend almost 3000 meters in 2–3 days.

New areas near Annapurna have been opened for trekkers in the past years, such as Upper Mustang, Naar-Pho Valley, Manaslu and Tsum Valley. Currently, trekking these areas is restricted and subject to extra permits, costs, and other limitations.

2014 blizzard

In October 2014, a sudden blizzard killed over 43 people, half of whom were Nepalese.[13][14] It was caused by the tail end of a dying cyclone which had ravaged the eastern coast of India; there were about 350 hikers caught in the blizzard.[15]

Communications

Multiple locations of the trek circuit now have an Internet connection. This multi-district circuit's trekkers can use wireless internet across different districts like in Kaski, Myagdi, Lamjung and Mustang. Cellular 3G is also available at some locations.[16]Coordinates: 28°47′41″N 83°56′15″E / 28.794671°N 83.937368°E

References

  1. ^ The Annapurna Circuit
  2. ^ "Annapurna Short Trek Range". Lumbini Media.
  3. ^ "Annapurna Bike tour in Kagbeni, Mustang". MyTrip2Nepal.
  4. ^ a b c d "Annapurna Circuit Trek". Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  5. ^ "How to Hike the Annapurna Circuit". 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  6. ^ see more itinerary
  7. ^ "Tilicho- Trekking in Nepal Annapurna". www.nepal-dia.de. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  8. ^ http://sethwolpin.com/2014/10/the-annapurna-circuit-going-round-and.html/
  9. ^ http://trailrunningnepal.org/annapurna-circuit-trek-fastest-known-time-fkt/
  10. ^ http://trailrunningnepal.org/new-annapurna-circuit-fastest-known-time-fkt/
  11. ^ "Best time to trek the Annapurna Circuit - Kandoo Adventures". Kandoo Adventures. Archived from the original on 2016-01-26. Retrieved 2016-01-19.
  12. ^ "Trailblazer Guide Books". trailblazer-guides.com. Retrieved 2016-08-23.
  13. ^ Annapurna blizzard
  14. ^ Nepalese tragedy
  15. ^ Hikers caught in blizzard
  16. ^ "Annapurna trekking circuit villages get Wi-Fi Internet • TechSansar.com". Retrieved 2015-12-06.

Annapurna Circuit Trek Map

External links

Terraced land & Begnas Lake view
Terraced land & Begnas Lake view
2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster

The 2014 Nepal snowstorm disaster occurred in central Nepal during the month of October and resulted in the deaths of at least 43 people of various nationalities, including at least 21 trekkers. Injuries and fatalities resulted from unusually severe snowstorms and avalanches on and around the mountains of Annapurna and Dhaulagiri. The incident was said to be Nepal's worst trekking disaster.

Annapurna Conservation Area

Annapurna Conservation Area is Nepal's largest protected area covering 7,629 km2 (2,946 sq mi) in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas. It ranges in altitude from 790 m (2,590 ft) to the peak of Annapurna I at 8,091 m (26,545 ft). The conservation area stretches across Manang, Mustang, Kaski, Myagdi, and Lamjung Districts.

Annapurna Conservation Area encompasses Annapurna Sanctuary and is known for several trekking routes including Annapurna Circuit.

Annapurna Massif

Annapurna (; Sanskrit, Nepali, Newar: अनन्पूर्णा) is a massif in the Himalayas in north-central Nepal that includes one peak over 8,000 metres (26,000 ft), thirteen peaks over 7,000 metres (23,000 ft), and sixteen more over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). The massif is 55 kilometres (34 mi) long, and is bounded by the Kali Gandaki Gorge on the west, the Marshyangdi River on the north and east, and by Pokhara Valley on the south. At the western end the massif encloses a high basin called the Annapurna Sanctuary. Annapurna I Main is the tenth highest mountain in the world at 8,091 metres (26,545 ft) above sea level, and in 1950 Maurice Herzog led a French expedition to its summit, making it the first of the eight-thousanders to be climbed.

The entire massif and surrounding area are protected within the 7,629-square-kilometre (2,946 sq mi) Annapurna Conservation Area, the first and largest conservation area in Nepal. The Annapurna Conservation Area is home to several world-class treks, including Annapurna Sanctuary and Annapurna Circuit.

Historically, the Annapurna peaks are among the world's most dangerous mountains to climb, although in more recent history, using only figures from 1990 and after, Kangchenjunga has a higher fatality rate. By March 2012, there had been 191 summit ascents of Annapurna I Main, and 61 climbing fatalities on the mountain. This fatality-to-summit ratio (1:3.1, or 32%) is the highest of any of the eight-thousanders. In particular, the ascent via the south face is considered, by some, the most difficult of all climbs. In October 2014, at least 43 people were killed as a result of snowstorms and avalanches on and around Annapurna, in Nepal's worst ever trekking disaster.

Besisahar

Besishahar (Nepali: बेसीशहर नगरपालिका) is a municipality and the district headquarters of Lamjung District in Gandaki Pradesh, Nepal. The Besishahar Municipality was formed by merging the existing Village Development Committees i.e. Besishahar, Gaunshahar, Udipur, Chandisthan, Baglungpani (3,4,7,8 & 9 wards), Bajhakhet, Hiletaksar (9 no. ward) and Chiti and have 11 wards. Here are different castes and religions. So they have different culture. This municipality has a sub-tropical climate with deciduous forests. Annapurna II, Machhapuchhre, Lamjung Himal can be viewed from north of Besishahar Municipality.

Ghalegaun

Ghalegaun (Nepali: घलेगाउँ) is popular scenic tourist destination with an elevation of 2,100 metres above sea level in Lamjung District. The village is situated at approximately 108 km northwest of Kathmandu and 12.5 km northeast of Pokhara, Nepal. The beautiful tourist village is surrounded by Annapurna Circuit. The SAARC Village Tourism Museum is one of the attraction of Ghalegaun which is inaugurated by Bidhya Devi Bhandari in 2017.The site visitors are increasing day by day and the village is developed as a model touristic destinations in SAARC countries.

Ghara, Nepal

Ghara (Ne:घार ) village lies in Annapurna R.M of Nepal, in the north part of the Myagdi district. The population of around 2500 consists mainly of the Magar ethnic group, and is surrounded by similar villages such as: Khibang, Ghorepani, Phalate, Shikha, Swata and Paudwar, It is situated at an altitude of 1750 meters and connected to the district headquarters of Beni Bazar, approximately 90 km NW from Pokhara, by a rough agricultural road. The village consists of picturesque rustic houses with stone walls and roofs. It is most notable for being part of the Annapurna trekking trail, on Annapurna Circuit Trail, (Ghorepani - Poon Hill - Tatopan-i - Muktinath Trek).

Kali Gandaki Gorge

The Kali Gandaki Gorge or Andha Galchi is the gorge of the Kali Gandaki (or Gandaki River) in the Himalayas in Nepal.

The upper part of the gorge is also called Thak Khola after the local Thakali people who became prosperous from trans-Himalayan trade. Geologically, the gorge is within a structural graben.The gorge separates the major peaks of Dhaulagiri (8,167 m or 26,795 ft) on the west and Annapurna (8,091 m or 26,545 ft) on the east. If one measures the depth of a canyon by the difference between the river height and the heights of the highest peaks on either side, the gorge is the world's deepest. The portion of the river directly between Dhaulagiri and Annapurna I (7 km downstream from Tukuche) is at an elevation of 2,520 m or 8,270 ft, 5,571 m or 18,278 ft lower than Annapurna I. As tectonic activity forced the mountains higher, the river cut down through the uplift. This region is known for shaligram fossils, revered as one of five non-living forms of Lord Vishnu.

The Kali Gandaki river source coincides with the Tibetan border and Ganges-Brahmaputra watershed divide. The river then flows south through the ancient kingdom of Mustang. It flows through a sheer-sided, deep canyon immediately south of the Mustang capital of Lo Manthang, then widens as it approaches Kagbeni where high Himalayan ranges begin to close in. The river continues southward past Jomsom, Marpha, and Tukuche to the deepest part of the gorge about 7 km south of Tukuche in the area of Lete. The gorge then broadens past Dana and Tatopani toward Beni.

The Kali Gandaki gorge has been used as a trade route between India and Tibet for centuries. Today, it is part of a popular trekking route from Pokhara to Muktinath, part of the Annapurna Circuit. The gorge is within the Annapurna Conservation Area.The pass at the head of the Kali Gandaki Gorge:

Its 19th-century name was Kore La. The modern name is not known with certainty. Below is a quotation from Sven Hedin's visit to the headwaters of the Kali Gandaki in 1904. He points out that the pass is only 315 ft or 96 m above the south bank of the Tsangpo as it flows peacefully a few kilometres to the north in Tibet:

"We stand on the frontier between Tibet and Nepal. Behind us to the north we have flat, level land on the southern bank of the Tsangpo. We have mounted only 315 feet from the river to the Kore-la, where the height is 15,292 feet or 4662 metres asl. And from the pass there is a headlong descent to the Kali Gandak, an affluent of the Ganges. By means of a canal cut through the Kore-la the Brahmaputra might be turned into the Ganges. Northern India needs water for irrigation, but the gain would perhaps be small, for the Brahmaputra in Assam would be as much diminished as the Ganges was increased. Tibet would be opened. A new road would be opened for the invasion of India from the north, and therefore on the whole it is perhaps best for all parties concerned to leave things as they are. But the changes here indicated will some time come to pass without artificial aid, for the tentacles of the Kali Gandak are eating back northwards into the mountains much more quickly than the Tsangpo is eroding its valley. Some time or other, perhaps in a hundred thousand years, the Ganges system will have extended its tentacles to the bank of the Tsangpo, and then will be formed a bifurcation which, in the course of time, will bring about a total revolution in the proportions of the two rivers and their drainage areas."

List of missing people from Nepal

This is a list of people in Nepal who have disappeared and whose whereabouts are still unknown.

1951 - Ram Prasad Rai, a Nepali Congress (NC) activist, actively participated in the protests against Delhi Agreement signed in the same year was arrested and disappeared

1956 - Sukhdev Singh, He was arrested in from Inaruwa, Saptari and disappeared

1960 - Rudra Prasad Bhattarai

1961 - Kalyan Rai, Baikuntha Adhikari, Sete Gurung, Dakman Tamang and Pasang Tamang

1979 - Harihar Ray Yadav and Lal Bahadur Rai

Maheshwor Chaulagain, political activist, disappeared

Govinda Prasad Dahal, political activist, disappeared

Tikaram Adhikari, political activist, disappeared

Ramhari Dahal, political activist, disappeared

Pahalman Sarki, political activist, disappeared

Keshar Bahadur Khadka, political activist, disappeared

Sri Harsha Khanal, political activist, disappeared

Jit Bahadur Sinjali, political activist, disappeared

Harsha Bahadur Pradhan, political activist, disappeared

Shankar Prasad Sharma, political activist, disappeared

Ganesh Raj Gautam, political activist, disappeared

Balbhadra Joshi, political activist, disappeared

1985 - Padma Bahadur Moktan, Ishwar Chandra Lama, Laxmi Narayan Jha, Satyanaran Jha, Surya Nath Ray, Dilip Chaudhary and Shaket Chandra Mishra following bombing scandal of June 20, were arrested and disappeared.

1989 - Govind Dhami, younger son of village head of Dhami village, while their family was migrating to Uttarakhand (then Uttar Pradesh) went missing before crossing the Border near Dharchula. He was last spotted in Bangalore.

1992 - Bhuwan Lal Thapa Magar, student of Pulchok Engineering College got arrested and disappeared

1993 - Prabhakar Subedi (20 years), student of Pulchok Engineering College, arrested and disappeared

1995 - Dor Bahadur Bista, Nepalese anthropologist, working on a development project in the remote western hill district of Jumla, disappeared without trace

2013 - Matthew Allpress, went to trekking in Dudh Pokhari, Nepal alone and disappeared

2014 - Umit Aslim, German Citizen at the Annapurna Circuit, or anywhere else in Nepal disappeared

Marpha

Marpha is a village development committee in Mustang District in the Dhawalagiri Zone of northern Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 1630 people living in 434 individual households.The name itself reflects the "mar" meaning hard working and "pha" meaning people. Tourism and mule rearing are the means of survival of the people of this place.The village is the apple capital in the nation, with Marpha brandy and jams produced from local fruits.

The village is a common overnight halt on the Annapurna Circuit, less crowded and touristy than Jomsom to the north.

Marshyangdi

The Marshyangdi (or Marsyangdi) (Nepali: मर्स्याङ्दी, marśyāṅdī) is a mountain river in Nepal. Its length is about 150 kilometres.

The Marshyangdi begins at the confluence of two mountain rivers, the Khangsar Khola and Jharsang Khola, northwest of the Annapurna massif at an altitude of 3600 meters near Manang village. The Marshyangdi flows eastward through Manang District and then southward through Lamjung District.

The Marshyangdi joins the Trishuli near Mugling as one of its tributaries.

The beginning of the Annapurna Circuit trekking route follows the Marshyangdi river valley.

Milarepa's Cave

Milarepa's Cave or Namkading Cave is a cave where the Tibetan Buddhist philosopher, and Vajrayana Mahasiddha, Milarepa (c. 1052–c. 1135 CE), spent many years of his life in the eleventh century, 11 kilometres (7 mi) north of the town of Nyalam, below the roadside and above the Matsang river in Nyalam County, Tibet.There is also a cave associated with Milarepa in Nepal on the Annapurna Circuit at approximately 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) just outside Manang. It is credited to have been the residence of the famous Saint Milarepa during his stay in modern-day northern Nepal. This site also includes a holy spring, gompa, and bow from the local archer who met and tried to kill Milarepa. In the classical songs of Milarepa, he sings of a deer, a dog and a hunter, the chain of causation and compassion. In local tradition, this is the site of this famous tale. The cave is located beyond the gompa, with locals praying from the edge of a glacial moraine in direct line of sight of the cave as its approach is on a steep scree slope.

There are many more caves associated with Milarepa in Nepal. A remarkable one is close to Lar in the Tsum Valley at the border with Tibet, 28.52°N / 85.08°E, alt 3330 m. It features the print in rock of Milarepa's foot. It can be visited and there are two shrines on the site. Buddhist presence in this valley deleloped around Milarepa's time, as the gompa in Dephu Donma monastery, up the valley, dates back to the 12th century AD.

Paungda Danda

Paungda Danda is a Himalayan mountain located in Manang District, Western Region, Nepal. The mountain is not significantly prominent, and is a subsidiary peak to the southeast of Pisang Peak. Paungda Danda is notable for its western rock face that rises dramatically 1,500 m (4,900 ft) above the Marshyangdi River. The mountain's smooth western face, also known as the Great Wall of Pisang, is composed of slate rock and formed as a result of an ancient lakebed being uplifted during the creation of the Himalayas. Today, the mountain is a recognizable feature along the Annapurna Circuit, a popular trekking route.

The Paungda Danda is locally referred to as Swarga Dwar. Swarga meaning Heaven, Dwar meaning Gates. So the local people believe that the spirits of the deceased must ascend the wall after leaving their bodies to reach the heavens.

Pisang Peak

Pisang Peak (Jong Ri) is a pyramidal trekking peak above Pisang, a village on the Annapurna Circuit, within the Manang District, northern Nepal. It was first climbed by a German Expedition in 1955.

Pokhara

Pokhara (Nepali: पोखरा) is a metropolitan city in Nepal which is situated in Gandaki Pradesh province of Nepal. The country's second largest city, in terms of population, and, largest city, in terms of area, it is the capital of Gandaki Pradesh. The city also serves as the headquarters of Kaski District. Pokhara is located 200 kilometres (120 miles) west of the capital Kathmandu. The altitude varies from 827 metres (2,713 feet) in the southern part to 1,740 metres (5,710 feet) in the north. The Annapurna Range, with three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu — is within 15–35 mi (24–56 km) of the valley.Pokhara is considered the tourism capital of Nepal, being a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the Annapurna Conservation Area region of the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas. The city is also home to a large number of the elite Gurkha soldiers.

Ranipauwa

Ranipauwa is a town in central Nepal in the district of Mustang, formerly in the Kingdom of Mustang, about 12'140 ft. / 3'700 meters above sea level.Ranipauwa with its numerous hotels, guesthouses, cafes, restaurants and souvenir-shops is a stop-over for both Hindu and buddhist pilgrims from all over the world on their way to the Temple of Muktinath as well as for trekkers on the popular Annapurna Circuit that runs around the Annapurna-Himal. When trekking clockwise, Ranipauwa is the last port of call before crossing the Thorong-La-pass (17'769 ft. / 5'416 meters above sealevel).

The town itself is not really much of an attraction, very few traditional buildings are being dominated by a large number of modern concrete-built hotels and other touristic buildings. Infrastructure is simple, incoming roads and local streets are not paved and electricity is not always reliable.

Shikha, Nepal

Shikha is a village development committee in Myagdi District in the Dhaulagiri Zone of western-central Nepal. At the time of the 1991 Nepal census it had a population of 5862 people living in 1350 individual households.The VDC includes the village of Ghorepani, a popular stop for trekkers on the Annapurna Circuit trek, and the Poon Hill viewpoint.

Thonje

Thonje is a village in the Himalayas of northern Nepal. It lies on the Marsyandi River, in the foothills of Manaslu and Annapurna and is often bypassed on the Annapurna Circuit Trek.

Thorong La

Thorong La or Thorung La is a mountain pass with an elevation of 5,416 metres (17,769 ft) above sea level in the Damodar Himal, north of the Annapurna Himal, in central Nepal. Khatung Kang and Yakawa Kang are the mountains forming Thorong La. The pass is located on a trail which connects the village of Manang in the Manang District to the east, with the temple of Muktinath and the nearby village of Ranipauwa, in the Mustang District to the west. Thorong La is the highest point on the Annapurna Circuit, a 300 km (190 mi) route around the Annapurna mountain range. In addition to trekkers, the pass is regularly used by local traders.

Tilicho Lake

Tilicho Lake is a lake located in the Manang district of Nepal, 55 kilometres (34 mi) as the crow flies from the city of Pokhara. It is situated at an altitude of 4,919 metres (16,138 ft) in the Annapurna range of the Himalayas and is sometimes called the highest lake for its size in the world, even though there are lakes at higher altitude even in Nepal, and larger, higher lakes in Tibet.

Another source lists the altitude of Lake Tilicho as being 4,949 metres (16,237 ft).According to the Nepali Department of Hydrology & Meteorology (2003), no aquatic organism has been recorded in the lake.Tilicho Lake is the destination of one of the most popular side hikes of the Annapurna Circuit trek. The hike takes additional 3–4 days. No camping is required, as new lodges have been built between Manang and the lake. The final approach to the lake is done in a day hike from the lodge at Tilicho Base Camp.

Trekkers attempting the Annapurna Circuit route usually cross the watershed between Manang and Kali Gandaki valleys over the 5416 meters high Thorong La pass. The alternate route, skirting Tilicho Lake from the north, has been gaining popularity. This route is more demanding and requires at least one night of camping. There are no teahouses or lodges past the Tilicho Base Camp lodge some kilometers east of the lake and the next village of Thini Gaon in the Kali Gandaki valley. Most groups spend two nights between these places. There are two passes leading to Thini Gaon and Jomsom; Mesokanto La and Tilicho North pass known also as Tilicho "Tourist pass". These routes via Tilicho Lake are more often closed by snow than the higher Thorong La.Tilicho Lake was the site of one of the highest ever altitude scuba dives. A Russian diving team, consisting of Andrei Andryushin, Denis Bakin, and Maxim Gresko, conducted a scuba dive in the lake in 2000.

Languages

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.