Annaea

Annaea or Annaia (Ancient Greek: Ἄνναια) or Anaea or Anaia (Ἀναία),[1] was a town of ancient Ionia. It is placed by Stephanus of Byzantium in Caria, and opposite to Samos.[1] Ephorus says that it was so called from an Amazon Anaea, who was buried there. If Anaea was opposite Samos, it must have been in Ionia (or well into Roman times, Lydia), which did not extend south of the Maeander River. From the expressions of Thucydides, it may have been on or near the coast, and in or near the valley of the Maeander.[2] Some Samian exiles posted themselves here in the Peloponnesian War. The passage of Thucydides seems to make it a naval station, and one near enough to annoy Samos.[3]

It later became a bishopric, now a titular see (see Anaea (Asia)).

Its site is located near Kadı Kalesi, Asiatic Turkey.[4][5]

References

  1. ^ a b Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 3.19, 32, 4.75, 8.19.
  3. ^ Thucydides. History of the Peloponnesian War. 4.75.
  4. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 61, and directory notes accompanying.
  5. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Annaea". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 37°47′29″N 27°16′13″E / 37.79147°N 27.2703°E

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Caloe

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List of Roman gentes

The gens (plural gentes) was a Roman, Italic, or Etruscan family, consisting of all those individuals who shared the same nomen and claimed descent from a common ancestor. It was an important social and legal structure in early Roman history.The distinguishing characteristic of a gens was the nomen gentiliciumcode: lat promoted to code: la , or gentile name. Every member of a gens, whether by birth or adoption, bore this name. All nomina were based on other nouns, such as personal names, occupations, physical characteristics or behaviors, or locations. Consequently, most of them ended with the adjectival termination -ius (-ia in the feminine form).Nomina ending in -aiuscode: lat promoted to code: la , -eiuscode: lat promoted to code: la , -euscode: lat promoted to code: la , and -aeuscode: lat promoted to code: la are typical of Latin families. Faliscan gentes frequently had nomina ending in -ios, while Samnite and other Oscan-speaking peoples of southern Italy had nomina ending in -iis. Umbrian nomina typically end in -as, -anas, -enas, or -inas, while nomina ending in -arna, -erna, -ena, -enna, -ina, or -inna are characteristic of Etruscan families.The word gens is feminine, and the name of a gens was also feminine. Marcus Valerius Corvus was a member of gens Valeria. Valerius was his nomen. His son's nomen would have been Valerius, and his daughter's Valeria. Male members of his gens were collectively called Valerii, and female members Valeriae. If a member of the gens were adopted into another family, he would assume the nomen of that gens, followed by the cognomen Valerianus.In the following list, "I" and "J" are treated as separate letters, as are "U" and "V". The letter "K" was rare in Latin, and the few nomina occasionally spelled with this letter were usually spelled with "C". No Roman gentes began with "X", and the letters "Y" and "Z" occurred only in names borrowed from Greek. The letter "W" did not exist in Classical Latin.

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The Umbri were Italic people of ancient Italy. A region called Umbria still exists and is now occupied by Italian speakers. It is somewhat smaller than the ancient Umbria.

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Üçayaklı ruins

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Aegean
Black Sea
Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
Marmara
Mediterranean
Southeastern
Anatolia

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