Anna Bligh

Anna Maria Bligh AC (born 14 July 1960) is a former Australian politician who served as the 37th Premier of Queensland, in office from 2007 to 2012 as leader of the Labor Party. She was the first woman to hold either position.

Bligh was born in Warwick, Queensland, and studied at the University of Queensland. Before entering politics she worked for various community organisations. Bligh entered the Queensland Legislative Assembly at the 1995 state election, winning the seat of South Brisbane. She was promoted to the ministry in 1998, under Peter Beattie, and became deputy premier in 2005 and state treasurer in 2006. Bligh succeeded Beattie as premier in 2007 – Queensland's first female premier and Australia's third. She led Labor to victory at the 2009 state election, but at the 2012 election suffered a landslide defeat and announced her retirement from politics. From 2010 to 2011, Bligh was National President of the Australian Labor Party. In 2017, she was appointed CEO of the Australian Banking Association.


Anna Bligh

Anna Bligh crop
Bligh in 2007
37th Premier of Queensland
Elections: 2009, 2012
In office
13 September 2007 – 26 March 2012
GovernorQuentin Bryce
Penelope Wensley
DeputyPaul Lucas (2007–2011)
Andrew Fraser (2011–2012)
Preceded byPeter Beattie
Succeeded byCampbell Newman
Minister for Reconstruction of Queensland
In office
21 February 2011 – 26 March 2012
PremierHerself
Preceded byNew position
Succeeded byJeff Seeney
Leader of the Labor Party in Queensland
In office
13 September 2007 – 26 March 2012
Preceded byPeter Beattie
Succeeded byAnnastacia Palaszczuk
Deputy Premier of Queensland
In office
28 July 2005 – 13 September 2007
PremierPeter Beattie
Preceded byTerry Mackenroth
Succeeded byPaul Lucas
46th Treasurer of Queensland
In office
2 February 2006 – 13 September 2007
PremierPeter Beattie
Preceded byPeter Beattie
Succeeded byAndrew Fraser
Minister for the Arts of Queensland
In office
12 February 2004 – 21 February 2011
PremierPeter Beattie (2004–2007)
Herself (2007–2011)
Preceded byMatt Foley
Succeeded byRachel Nolan
Minister for Education of Queensland
In office
22 February 2001 – 28 July 2005
PremierPeter Beattie
Preceded byDean Wells
Succeeded byRod Welford
Minister for Families, Community Services, Disability Services and Youth of Queensland
In office
29 June 1998 – 22 February 2001
PremierPeter Beattie
Preceded byNaomi Wilson
Member of the Queensland Parliament
for South Brisbane
In office
15 July 1995 – 30 March 2012
Preceded byAnne Warner
Succeeded byJackie Trad
Personal details
Born
Anna Maria Bligh

14 July 1960 (age 58)
Warwick, Queensland
Political partyLabor Party
Spouse(s)Greg Withers
Alma materUniversity of Queensland

Early life

Bligh was born in Warwick, Queensland. She is a descendant of William Bligh, who is famous for the Mutiny on the Bounty and being the 4th Governor of New South Wales.[1] Bligh grew up on the Gold Coast. Her parents separated when she was 13. She attended Catholic schools until Year 9 and considered becoming a nun. One of her aunts became a nun and another had entered a convent. However, the church's attitude towards divorced people (her mother was no longer permitted to take Communion) reportedly estranged her and her mother from the church.[2]

Studying at the University of Queensland from 1978, Bligh gained a Bachelor of Arts. Bligh traces her politicisation to her first year at University, observing a right-to-march rally in King George Square where people were being hit over the head by the police. Bligh's first involvement in activism was student protests against the Vice-Chancellor Brian Wilson's controversial administrative restructuring within the university. She then went on to be involved in the Women's Rights Collective which campaigned for legalised abortion against the anti-abortion policies of the Bjelke-Petersen government. Bligh's next role was as Women's Vice-President of the Student Union. She then ran an election ticket called EAT (Education Action Team) in an unsuccessful bid to oust the faction in charge, headed by the future Goss government identity David Barbagallo. Law student Paul Lucas, Bligh's future deputy premier, was a part of Barbagallo's team. Her 1982 team included the former Minister for Education, Training and the Arts Rod Welford. Anne Warner, who was a future Minister in the Goss Government, was an office holder at the time in the Union. Warner soon become one of Bligh's key political mentors.[2]

She subsequently worked in a number of community organisations, including child care services, neighbourhood centres, women's refuges and trade unions as well as in the Queensland Public Service.

Bligh was the secretary of the Labor Party's Fairfield branch in 1987.[3]

Parliament

Bligh was first elected to parliament at the 1995 election to the safe Labor seat of South Brisbane, succeeding Anne Warner. A member of the Socialist Left faction of the Labor Party, she was promoted to the ministry following the election of the Beattie government in 1998 as Minister for Families, Youth and Community Care and Disability Services. In 2001, Bligh became Queensland's first female Education Minister. She assumed additional responsibility for the Arts portfolio in 2004.

Deputy Premier

Anna Bligh, Nicholas Rudd, Kevin Rudd and Grace Grace
Anna Bligh, Nicholas Rudd, then federal Labor leader Kevin Rudd, and Grace Grace (state Labor MP for Brisbane Central) at Labour Day 2007

In July 2005, the retirement of the Deputy Premier and Treasurer Terry Mackenroth forced a cabinet reshuffle, which saw Bligh promoted to the office of Deputy Premier and Minister for Finance, State Development, Trade and Innovation. Bligh's appointment as Deputy Premier coincided with her election to parliament ten years earlier. In early February 2006, Bligh also gained the Treasury portfolio after Beattie relinquished the responsibility to focus on attempting to fix the state's troubled health system.

Premier

Bligh had long been touted as a likely successor to the long-running Premier Peter Beattie, and he publicly endorsed her as his replacement when he announced his retirement from politics on 10 September 2007.[4]

She was subsequently nominated unopposed by the Labor caucus in a deal that saw Paul Lucas from the Right faction succeed her as Deputy Premier. She became the leader of the Labor Party on 12 September. After Beattie formally resigned on 13 September 2007, Bligh was sworn in by the then Governor Quentin Bryce. Bligh led Labor to victory in the 2009 state election. Bligh lost eight seats from the large majority she'd inherited from Beattie, and also suffered an eight-percent swing on the two-party vote. Nonetheless, due largely to taking 34 out of 40 seats in Brisbane, Labor still won 51 seats out of 89, enough for a comfortable majority. The election marked the Queensland ALP's eighth consecutive election win; the party has been in government for all but two years since 1989.

In winning the election, Bligh became Australia's first popularly elected female premier.[5] The two previous female premiers, Carmen Lawrence (Western Australia 1990–93) and Joan Kirner (Victoria 1990–92), became premiers following the resignation of male premiers (as Bligh did), but both were defeated at the following respective state elections. However, Bligh is not Australia's first popularly elected female head of government. Rosemary Follett and Kate Carnell were both popularly elected as Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory, and Clare Martin was elected as Chief Minister of the Northern Territory.[5]

In 2009, Bligh was elected to the three person presidential team of the Australian Labor Party, to serve until July 2012. She served as National President of the Australian Labor Party for the 2010–11 financial year.[6]

Privatisation

Bligh announced the privatisation of five government owned corporations:

More than 3,000 workers were to be offered voluntary redundancies, just three months after the privatisation of QR National.

Queensland Motorways Limited and Forestry Plantations Queensland were not being sold, but rather being leased for an estimated 50-year lease. Since this announcement, the Queensland Government announced plans to sell Queensland Rail to the public.

Revenues from privatisation were estimated at approximately $15 billion, to go towards balancing Queensland's state budget.[7]

The sale of these assets aimed at removing significant overheads from the Queensland government's debt portfolio, allowing further growth of the government's capital assets, as well as aiding the government to return to its AAA credit rating. Bligh has faced resistance from both within her party and the trade union movement, but has defended her privatisation plan as 'not negotiable'.[8]

The 2009 annual state conference of the Australian Labor Party – Queensland Branch, passed a motion, moved by Treasurer Andrew Fraser MP, seconded by Parliamentary Secretary for Healthy Living Murray Watt MP, supporting the sale of the assets, recognising that the sale will allow the Queensland Government to grow its asset portfolio, as well as retire debt.

Daylight saving

In October 2006, then Queensland Premier Peter Beattie, commissioned research to see if daylight saving should be re-introduced into Queensland on a trial basis.[9] On 1 October 2007 Bligh ruled out holding a new referendum, despite this government-commissioned report indicating that 59% of Queensland residents and 69% of South East Queenslanders support daylight saving.[10]

On 14 April 2010, the independent member for Nicklin, Peter Wellington, introduced the Daylight Saving for South East Queensland Referendum Bill 2010 into Queensland Parliament, calling for a referendum to be held at the next state election on the introduction of daylight saving for South East Queensland only, with the remainder of the state maintaining standard time.[11] In response to the bill, Bligh announced a community consultation process, which resulted in over 74,000 respondents participating, 64 percent of whom voted in favour of a trial and 63% were in favour of holding a referendum.[12] On 7 June, after reviewing the favourable consultation results, Bligh announced that her government would not support the bill, because regional Queenslanders were overwhelmingly opposed to daylight saving.[13] The bill was defeated in Queensland Parliament on 15 June 2011.[14]

Queensland floods

Foreign Secretary helping at the barbecue (5369151185)
Bligh with Kevin Rudd and British Foreign Secretary William Hague at a 2011 barbecue to raise funds for Queensland flood victims.

Bligh's management of and performance during the 2010–2011 Queensland floods was widely approved. Labor had been well behind the LNP, led by John-Paul Langbroek, for most of the time since the fall of 2010. However, the following Newspoll saw a record turnaround in Bligh and Labor's fortunes. Labor rose from a two-party deficit of 41–59 to a lead of 52–48, with Bligh's personal satisfaction-dissatisfaction standing going from a negative 24–67 to a positive 49–43.[15] Bligh's recovery in the polls was a factor behind Langbroek being forced to stand down in favour of Brisbane Lord Mayor Campbell Newman.[16] Newman had become a national figure during the floods, and polling showed he was the only non-Labor politician who even came close to matching Bligh's popularity during that time.[17]

However, Newman was not a member of parliament, and a by-election could not be arranged to allow him to get a seat in the chamber. For this reason, Jeff Seeney was elected as interim parliamentary leader of the LNP while Newman led the LNP's election team and simultaneously contested the Labor-held seat of Ashgrove.[18] Bligh harshly criticised Newman's move, saying it was irresponsible for Newman to "cut and run" from his post as Lord Mayor while Queensland was still rebuilding.[17] She also hinted that she might call an election a year before it was due. She had previously promised not to call an election for 2011 to focus on recovery, but was concerned that the unorthodox leadership arrangement on the opposition side could make the co-operation necessary for the recovery effort impossible.[19]

2012 election

On 25 January, Bligh announced an election for 24 March. It was the first time in Queensland history that the voters knew the election date in advance of the parliament being dissolved. Bligh made this decision after learning that the Commission of Inquiry into the 2010–11 Queensland floods would not release its final report until 16 March, rather than the middle of February as originally planned. She wanted Queenslanders to see the report before they went to the polls.[20]

Bligh asked Governor Penny Wensley to dissolve parliament on 19 February, formally beginning the 35-day campaign.[21] She began the race as an underdog; the LNP had regained a substantial lead in polling since Newman took the leadership.

Bligh was dogged throughout the campaign by the perception that she'd misled voters about the asset sales. With Labor sinking in the polls, Bligh conceded in a 13 March interview with the Brisbane Times that in all likelihood, Labor would not be re-elected.[22] The final Newspoll of the campaign appeared to confirm this, showing Labor's support had sunk to only 39.2 percent.[23]

At 24 March election, Labor suffered one of the largest electoral wipeouts in Australian history, and the worst defeat that a sitting government in Queensland has ever suffered, double the previous record-holder of the 1989 election. Labor was reduced from 51 seats to seven, suffering a swing of more than 15 points. This was largely because of a near-total meltdown in Brisbane, which had been Labor's power base for over two decades. The party lost all but three of its seats in the capital, in some cases suffering swings of over 10 percent. Bligh herself suffered a 9-point swing in South Brisbane, and she only overcame her LNP challenger on Green preferences. Ten members of her cabinet were defeated. It was only the sixth time since 1915 that Queenslanders have thrown a government from office in an election.

The next day, with Labor's defeat beyond doubt, Bligh announced she was retiring from politics. She had intended to stay in parliament, but said that the severity of Labor's defeat made her realise the party could not "develop an effective opposition" with her even as a backbencher. She resigned as both premier and state Labor leader that day, and handed her resignation to Wensley the same afternoon, to take effect from 30 March 2012.[24][25] Bligh had intended that the timing of her resignation would allow a by-election to be held on 28 April 2012, the same day as local government elections.[25] She was ultimately succeeded as state Labor leader by her Transport Minister, Annastacia Palaszczuk.

Later reports suggested that Bligh would not be able to formally resign from Parliament until the writ of election for South Brisbane was returned, meaning that a by-election would be too late to coincide with the Brisbane City Council election.[26] But on 2 April, she was declared the winner,[27] and a writ was subsequently issued for the by-election.[28]

After politics

In 2014, Bligh was appointed CEO of YWCA New South Wales.[29] In 2017, she was made CEO of the Australian Banking Association.[30]

Personal

Bligh is married to Greg Withers, a senior public servant, with whom she has two sons, Joe and Oliver, both of whom attended Brisbane State High School.[31]

Bligh appeared as a contestant on Celebrity MasterChef Australia in 2009.[32] She was eliminated in her first heat, losing to the eventual winner of the series, swimmer Eamon Sullivan.[33]

On 8 June 2013, Bligh announced that she had been diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.[34]

Bligh's memoir, "Through The Wall", was published in April 2015.[35]

In 2017 Bligh was appointed a Companion of the Order of Australia for eminent service to the Parliament of Queensland, particularly as Premier, to infrastructure development and education reform, as an advocate for the role of women in public life, and to the not-for-profit sector.[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ Thomas, Hedley (12 January 2008). "Bligh reveals family's dark secret". The Australian.
  2. ^ a b Jamie Walker (3 June 2006). "out of left field". QWeekend Magazine. p. 13.
  3. ^ Hubbard, Murray (11 November 2006). "Bligh's spirit Anna's bounty – Deputy Premier revealed to be the captain's direct descendant". Gold Coast Bulletin. p. 12.
  4. ^ Parnell, Sean (10 March 2009). "Beattie plan up against the odds". www.theaustralian.news.com.au The Australian. Archived from the original on 16 March 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
  5. ^ a b "Labor takes Qld election, Bligh makes history". www.abc.net.au Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 21 March 2009. Archived from the original on 22 March 2009. Retrieved 21 March 2009.
  6. ^ Australian Labor Party: Welcome to New ALP National President Archived 10 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ Berry, Petrina (2 June 2009). "Bligh Government to sell five state assets". www.smh.com.au The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  8. ^ AAP (2 June 2009). "Anna Bligh defends privatisation amid Labor party row". www.couriermail.com.au The Courier-Mail. Archived from the original on 30 December 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2009.
  9. ^ "Beattie to gauge opinion on daylight saving". ABC. 27 October 2006. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  10. ^ "Qld's Bligh says no to new daylight poll". Brisbane Times. 1 October 2007. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  11. ^ "Daylight Saving for South East Queensland Referendum Bill 2010" (PDF). 14 April 2010. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  12. ^ "Queensland Government Daylight Saving for South East Queensland survey". Archived from the original on 19 June 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  13. ^ "Queensland Government Daylight Saving for South East Queensland decision". Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
  14. ^ "Daylight saving silence 'deafening'". 16 June 2011. Archived from the original on 18 June 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2011.
  15. ^ Queensland opinion polling Archived 31 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine conducted by Newspoll and published in The Australian
  16. ^ Campbell Newman's Queensland coup Archived 17 June 2016 at the Wayback Machine. 6PM with George Negus (Ten News), 22 March 2011.
  17. ^ a b Newman's bid for leadership Archived 6 April 2017 at the Wayback Machine. 7.30 (ABC News), 22 March 2011.
  18. ^ Green, Antony. Queensland election preview Archived 11 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 25 January 2012.
  19. ^ Barrett, Roseanne; Walker, Jamie. Anna Bligh ramps up early Queensland election speculation. The Australian, 26 March 2011.
  20. ^ Matt Wordsworth (25 January 2012). "Qld to have March 24 poll". PM. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 21 February 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Bligh officially sets Queensland election date". PM. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 19 February 2012. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 20 February 2012.
  22. ^ Hewitt, Daniel (15 March 2012). "Bligh admits Labor loss 'most likely result'". Brisbane Times. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2012.
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2012.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ Koren Helbig; Sarah Vogler (25 March 2012). "Anna Bligh quits: 'Labor cannot rebuild with me in its ranks'". The Sunday Mail. Archived from the original on 1 April 2012.
  25. ^ a b "Bligh resigns after election wipe-out". ABC News. 25 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012.
  26. ^ "Former Premier Anna Bligh may have to resign for second time due to electoral commission technicality". Courier-Mail. 29 March 2012. Archived from the original on 7 April 2012.
  27. ^ "2012 State General Election: South Brisbane District Summary". Electoral Commission of Queensland. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  28. ^ "QLD2012 – Update on Close Contests – 3 April". Antony Green's Election Blog. ABC News. 3 April 2012. Archived from the original on 8 April 2012.
  29. ^ YWCA NSW Archived 29 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 29 March 2014
  30. ^ "Anna Bligh appointed as Australian Bankers' Association CEO". ABC News. 17 February 2017. Archived from the original on 26 February 2017. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  31. ^ "Premier Anna Bligh – Biography". Queensland Government. 26 August 2008. Archived from the original on 9 October 2008. Retrieved 8 September 2008.
  32. ^ Calligeros, Marissa (2 September 2009). "Anna Bligh to appear on Celebrity MasterChef". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 12 April 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  33. ^ Lion, Patrick; Shearer, Geoff (15 October 2011). "Anna Bligh bombs out on MasterChef". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 4 December 2011.
  34. ^ "Anna Bligh, the former Queensland premier, reveals she has non-Hodgkin lymphoma". ABC News. 8 June 2013. Archived from the original on 9 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  35. ^ "Books of 2015". Sydney Morning Herald. 27 December 2014. Archived from the original on 30 December 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2015.
  36. ^ "Companion (AC) in the General Division of the Order of Australia" (PDF). Australia Day 2017 Honours List. Governor-General of Australia. 26 January 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 29 January 2017. Retrieved 26 January 2017.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Peter Beattie
Premier of Queensland
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Campbell Newman
Preceded by
Terry Mackenroth
Deputy Premier of Queensland
2005–2007
Succeeded by
Paul Lucas
Preceded by
Peter Beattie
Treasurer of Queensland
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Andrew Fraser
Preceded by
Naomi Wilson
Minister for Families, Youth and Community Care
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Judy Spence
Minister for Disability Services
1998–2001
Preceded by
Dean Wells
Minister for Education
2001–2004
Succeeded by
Rod Welford
Preceded by
Herself
as Minister of Education
Minister for Education and the Arts
2004–2005
Preceded by
Matt Foley
as Minister for the Arts
New office Minister for Finance
2005–2006
Position abolished
Preceded by
Peter Beattie
as Minister for Trade
Minister for State Development, Trade and Innovation
2005–2006
Succeeded by
Peter Beattie
as Minister for Trade
Preceded by
Tony McGrady
as Minister for State Development and Innovation
Succeeded by
John Mickel
as Minister for State Development
Succeeded by
Paul Lucas
as Minister for Innovation
New office Minister for Infrastructure
2006–2007
Succeeded by
Paul Lucas
Party political offices
Preceded by
Peter Beattie
Leader of the Labor Party in Queensland
2007–2012
Succeeded by
Annastacia Palaszczuk
Preceded by
Michael Williamson
National President of the Labor Party
2010–2011
Succeeded by
Jenny McAllister
Parliament of Queensland
Preceded by
Anne Warner
Member for South Brisbane
1995–2012
Succeeded by
Jackie Trad
2009 Queensland state election

The Queensland state election was held to elect members to the unicameral Parliament of Queensland on 21 March 2009. The election saw the incumbent Labor government led by Premier Anna Bligh defeat the Liberal National Party of Queensland led by Opposition Leader Lawrence Springborg, and gain a fifth consecutive term in office for her party. Bligh thus became the first female Premier of any Australian State elected in her own right.The 2009 election also marked the eighth consecutive victory of the ALP in a general election since 1989 although it was out of office between 1996 and 1998 as a direct result of the 1996 Mundingburra by-election.

2012 Queensland state election

The 2012 Queensland state election was held on 24 March 2012 to elect all 89 members of the Legislative Assembly, a unicameral parliament.The Labor Party (ALP), led by Premier Anna Bligh, was defeated by the opposition Liberal National Party (LNP), led by Campbell Newman. It is only the sixth time that Queenslanders have ousted a sitting government since 1915. The ALP was attempting to win a ninth consecutive election victory, having won every general election since 1989 although it was out of office between 1996 and 1998. Katter's Australian Party contested its first election. Before the election, it held two seats whose members had been elected as LNP candidates.

Labor suffered one of the worst defeats of a state government since Federation, and the worst defeat of a sitting government in Queensland history. From 51 seats in 2009, it was reduced to only seven seats, suffering a swing of 15.6 percentage points. The LNP won a majority for the first time in its history, jumping from 34 seats to 78 seats to win the largest majority government in Queensland history. It was the first outright non-Labor majority since the Queensland Nationals won their last victory in 1986. Katter's Australian Party won two seats, though leader Aidan McLindon lost his own seat. The remaining two seats were taken by independents. Newman took office two days after the election.

Abby Earl

Abby Earl is an Australian actress. She played Anna Bligh in the television drama A Place to Call Home. She was nominated for the "Most Popular New Talent" Logie Award for that role.

Andrew Fraser (Queensland politician)

Andrew Peter Fraser (born 15 September 1976) was first elected into the Legislative Assembly of Queensland on 7 February 2004. He was the Deputy Premier of Queensland, Treasurer and Minister for State Development and Trade of the Queensland Government.

On 24 March 2012, Andrew Fraser lost his seat to the LNP candidate Saxon Rice.

Andrew McNamara

Andrew Ian McNamara (born 19 August 1959) is an Australian politician. He was a Labor member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland from 2001 to 2009, representing the district of Hervey Bay. He served as Minister for Sustainability, Climate Change and Innovation from 2007 to 2009, under the premiership of Anna Bligh. Currently, Mr McNamara was the CEO of the Chiropractors' Association of Australia.

Bligh Ministry

Anna Bligh was sworn in as Premier of Queensland on 13 September 2007 with her first ministry, replacing Peter Beattie, who had retired from politics, and his ministry. She subsequently won the 2009 state election with a reduced majority against the newly merged Liberal National Party of Queensland. Shortly thereafter, on 26 March 2009, Bligh reshuffled the ministry. She conducted a second reshuffle on 21 February 2011. Following her party's loss at the 2012 state election, she soon resigned as Premier to make way for the Newman Ministry.

Darling Downs Power Station

Darling Downs Power Station is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) west of Dalby in Queensland and owned by Origin Energy. The Darling Downs Power Station is adjacent to the QLD-NSW high voltage transmission Interconnector and the Powerlink Queensland R2 Braemar 330/275 kV Substation.

Darling Downs is a gas fired combined cycle gas turbine power station and is the largest of its type in Australia. It is powered by three 120 MW GE Frame 9E gas turbines and one 270 MW steam turbine, which generate a total of 630 MW of electricity. A 205 kilometre pipeline transports the gas to the station from gas fields near Wallumbilla. The power station uses less than 3% of the water that a traditional coal powered power station does by utilising air-cooled technology.Origin Energy developed the power station and the construction costs for the project were $780 million. Darling Downs entered commercial operation in July 2010. and was officially opened on the 5 November 2010 by Premier Anna Bligh.

Electoral district of South Brisbane

South Brisbane, also known as Brisbane South, is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland. The electorate encompasses suburbs in Brisbane's inner-south, stretching from East Brisbane to West End, and south to Annerley. Parts of Greenslopes and Coorparoo are also located in the electorate.

South Brisbane is Queensland's oldest electorate, having been the only one of the original 16 districts to have been contested at every election. South Brisbane has generally been considered a safe seat for the Labor Party since 1915. It has only been lost by the party on three occasions: the Country and Progressive National Party's 1929 landslide victory; after the 1957 Labor split, when sitting member and Premier Vince Gair quit the party to form the Queensland Labor Party; and finally in 1974, at the height of the Bjelke-Petersen government's popularity. Anna Bligh, the former Premier of Queensland held the seat from 1995 until her resignation in 2012 after Labor's defeat at the 2012 state election on 24 March. Labor Deputy Premier Jackie Trad is the current member.

Electoral results for the district of South Brisbane

This is a list of electoral results for the electoral district of South Brisbane in Queensland state elections.

Geoff Wilson (Australian politician)

Geoffrey James "Geoff" Wilson (born 5 November 1952) is an Australian politician. Born in Culcairn in New South Wales, he was a barrister and union official. In 1998, he was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Queensland as the Labor member for Ferny Grove, which he has represented since. He was appointed Minister for Mines and Energy in September 2006 by Peter Beattie, and continued in that post after Anna Bligh took over as Premier a year later. Following the 2009 election, he was named Minister for Education and Training. In the February 2011 reshuffle, he was appointed Minister for Health. He served in that post until Anna Bligh resigned following Labor's loss at 2012 election, in which Wilson lost his seat.

Judy Spence

Judith Caroline Spence (born 19 May 1957) is an Australian politician and former member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland for the Labor Party, from the 1989 election to 2012. She represented Mount Gravatt until 2009, but after a redistribution she switched to Sunnybank, which covered much of the same territory. She was Leader of the House, a role responsible for the co-ordination and management of Government business in the Assembly from 7 April 2009 to 24 March 2012.

List of female heads of government in Australia

A total of twelve women have served, or are serving, as the head of an Australian government. Of these, one has served as the prime minister of Australia, six as the premier of a state and four as the chief minister of a territory. Fifteen women have also served, or are serving, as the deputy head of government in Australian states and territories; one has served as the deputy prime minister of the country, eight as the deputy premier of a state, and six as the chief minister of a territory.

The first female head of government in Australia, was Rosemary Follett in 1989, who was the 1st Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory. Carmen Lawrence became the first female premier of a state in 1990, by serving as the 25th Premier of Western Australia. In 2010, Julia Gillard became the first, and to date, only female Prime Minister of Australia.

Today, every Australian state and territory has had at least one female government head, except for South Australia; the Australian Capital Territory has had the most, with three serving throughout its 27 year history; both New South Wales and Queensland have also a second female premier serving in their respective jurisdiction. The most female heads to serve concurrently was four, during the 315 days of 16 May 2011 to 26 March 2012. Clare Martin, who served as 7th Chief Minister of the Northern Territory for 6 years, from 2001 to 2007, has the longest–serving tenure of any female head of government in Australia. Queensland's Anna Bligh served as the 37th Premier of Queensland for 4 years, from 2007 to 2012, making her the longest–serving woman premier of a state. The shortest tenure of a former female head of government, belongs to Kristina Keneally, who served as the 42nd Premier of New South Wales for a year, from December 2009 to March 2011.

There are currently two serving female heads of government in Australia, Annastacia Palaszczuk (39th Premier of Queensland) who was elected on 14 February 2015, and Gladys Berejiklian (45th Premier of New South Wales) who was appointed on 23 January 2017. Three women currently serve as deputy heads of government in Australia; Jackie Trad (Deputy Premier of Queensland) since 14 February 2015, Nicole Manison (Deputy Chief Minister of the Northern Territory) since 12 September 2016, Yvette Berry (Deputy Chief Minister of the Australian Capital Territory) since 31 October 2016, and Vickie Chapman (Deputy Premier of South Australia) since 19 March 2018. The tenures of these incumbents are accurate as of 8 April 2019.

National New Media Art Award

The Premier of Queensland's National New Media Art Award is a biennial, invitational Australian art award for works of new media art, instituted in 2008 under the auspices of the Queensland Government and the Queensland Gallery of Modern Art at the Queensland Art Gallery. The award is worth A$75,000 and is acquisitive. The National New Media Art Award also includes a tandem scholarship valued at A$25,000 for an emerging Queensland artist.

Nine artists or collaborations were shortlisted for the 2008 award, and seven for the 2010 award. The inaugural winner of the award was Peter Alwast and of the scholarship was Leah Barclay, as announced by the Premier of Queensland, Anna Bligh, on 31 October 2008. The outcome of the 2010 competition was announced on 27 August 2010.

Paul Lucas (politician)

Paul Thomas Lucas (born 9 July 1962) is a former Australian politician who served as the Attorney-General of Queensland and Minister for Local Government and Special Minister of State in the Bligh Government and the Member for Lytton from 1996 until his retirement at the 2012 state election. Lucas was a solicitor prior to entering Parliament, and has a bachelor's degrees in Economics and in Law and a Master of Business Administration.

Peter Beattie

Peter Douglas Beattie (born 18 November 1952) is a former Australian politician who served as the 36th Premier of Queensland, in office from 1998 to 2007. He was the state leader of the Labor from 1996 to 2007.

Beattie was born in Sydney but grew up in Atherton, Queensland. He worked as a lawyer and union secretary before entering politics. Beattie was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly at the 1989 state election. He served as a government minister from 1995 to 1996 under Wayne Goss, and then replaced Goss as party leader following a change in government. As leader of the opposition, Beattie led the Labor Party back to power at the 1998 election, and won further victories at the 2001, 2004 and 2006 elections. He retired in 2007 and was succeeded by his deputy Anna Bligh.

After retiring as premier, Beattie was appointed to a series of public relations positions with the state and federal Labor governments. He made an unsuccessful attempt to enter federal politics at the 2013 election, standing in the Division of Forde. In 2016, Beattie was made chairman of the organising committee for the 2018 Commonwealth Games on the Gold Coast. He was appointed chairman of the Australian Rugby League Commission in February 2018.

Peter Hore

Peter Hore is an Australian-born man best known for public stunts such as disrupting the 1997 Melbourne Cup by running onto the track during the race, interrupting a tennis match at the Australian Open, and gate-crashing celebrity funerals.During a World Cup football qualifying match between the national teams of Australia and Iran in 1997, Hore ran onto the field and cut the Iranian team's net. According to ESPN FC, the resulting delay was a turning point in the match, allowing the Iranian team to "regain their composure" and go on to win.In 2007, Hore publicly told Queensland premier Anna Bligh that he would run for her seat in South Brisbane the following year. He ran against Kevin Rudd as an independent in the Division of Griffith in 2007, polling over 2,200 primary votes as "P.M. Howard".

Rachel Nolan

Rachel Genevieve Nolan (born 1974) is a former Australian politician. She was elected as the state member for Ipswich on 17 February 2001. At the time she was Queensland's youngest ever female MP. She held the seat until 26 March 2012.

Nolan was educated at the Ipswich Girls' Grammar School, in Ipswich, Queensland. Prior to entering Parliament she worked as a political adviser to the Northern Territory's then Leader of the Opposition and the Queensland Labor Government.

In October 2006 Nolan was recognised as the University of Queensland's Young Alumnus of the Year.Anna Bligh appointed Nolan Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Communities, Disability Services, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Partnerships, Multicultural Affairs, Seniors and Youth (Lindy Nelson-Carr) in her first Ministry. Following the March 2009 state election, she was promoted to Minister for Transport. Then, in the February 2011 reshuffle, she was given the new post of Minister of Finance and received Bligh's Arts portfolio as well. When Kate Jones resigned from Cabinet to concentrate on defending her seat of Ashgrove against LNP leader Campbell Newman, Nolan was assigned the additional brief of National Resources.

Nolan was defeated in the 2012 Queensland Government election by liberal candidate for Ipswich, Ian Berry.

Stephen Robertson (politician)

Stephen Robertson (born 14 February 1962), an Australian politician, is a former member of the Legislative Assembly of Queensland who represented the electoral district of Stretton for the Labor Party. He was the Minister for Natural Resources, Mines and Energy and Minister for Trade in the cabinet of Premier Anna Bligh. He had previously held the positions of Minister for Health (2005–2009) and Minister for Emergency Services (1999–2001).Robertson was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. He graduated from Griffith University with a Bachelor of Arts with honours from the School of Modern Asian Studies. He joined the Labor Party in 1978, and prior to his election to parliament was State Secretary and National President of the United Firefighters Union of Australia.He was first elected to the Queensland Parliament in the 1992 Queensland state election for the new electoral district of Sunnybank. He was appointed to Peter Beattie's cabinet as Minister for Emergency Services on 16 December 1999. From 22 February 2001 he was transferred to the Natural Resources and Mines portfolios, also taking on the Energy portfolio from 12 February 2004. On 28 July 2005 he became Minister for Health, but resumed his former position of Minister for Natural Resources, Mines, Energy and Trade after a cabinet reshuffle in March 2009. In 2011 he was appointed Minister for Energy and Water Utilities.

He is a member of Labor's left-wing faction, and at one stage had Graham Perrett, the current federal Member for Moreton, working for him. He retired prior to the 2012 Queensland state election. Labor preselection in his seat of Stretton was subsequently won by Duncan Pegg, but the seat was won by the LNP's Freya Ostapovitch.

Treasurer of Queensland

The Treasurer of Queensland, previously styled Colonial Treasurer of Queensland, is the title held by the Cabinet minister who is responsible for the financial management of Queensland Government in Australia. The public service department who operate under the direction of the Treasurer is known as the Queensland Treasury. In 1996, Joan Sheldon became the first woman to hold the role of Treasurer in Queensland. A decade later in 2006, a second woman, Anna Bligh held the role, however as indicated below, the position is overwhelmingly held by men. The department is occupying new offices at 1 William Street in the Brisbane central business district.

Leaders of the Labor Party in Queensland

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.