Ankara Province

Ankara Province (Turkish: Ankara ili, pronounced [ˈaŋkaɾa iˈli]) is the capital province of Turkey.

Ankara Province

Ankara ili
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Location of Ankara Province in Turkey
Coordinates: 39°36′N 32°30′E / 39.600°N 32.500°ECoordinates: 39°36′N 32°30′E / 39.600°N 32.500°E
CountryTurkey
RegionWest Anatolia
SubregionAnkara
Government
 • Electoral districtAnkara
 • GovernorVasip Şahin
Area
 • Total25,706 km2 (9,925 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total5,503,985
 • Density210/km2 (550/sq mi)
Area code(s)0312
Vehicle registration06

Demographics

Historical population[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
20074,466,756—    
20084,548,939+1.84%
20094,650,802+2.24%
20104,771,716+2.60%
20114,890,893+2.50%
20124,965,542+1.53%
20135,045,083+1.60%
20145,150,072+2.08%
20155,270,575+2.34%
20165,346,518+1.44%
20175,445,026+1.84%

History

The site of the modern city has been home to settlements by many historic Anatolian civilizations in antiquity and classical times, including Phrygians, Lydians, Persians and Alexander the Great, Romans, and Galatians. The city of Ankara became a fortified stronghold of the Byzantines; it fell to the Seljuk Turks and later the Ottoman Empire. It was finally chosen by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and the Turkish National Movement as the site of the provisional government and the Turkish parliament in 1920, and in 1923 as the capital city of the newly declared Republic of Turkey.

Districts

Ankara location districts
Districts of Ankara

Ankara has 25 districts.[3]

District Population (2017) Area (km²) Density (per km²)
Akyurt 32.863 369 89
Altındağ 371.366 123 3.019
Ayaş 12.289 1.041 12
Bala 21.682 1.851 12
Beypazarı 48.476 1.697 29
Çamlıdere 7.389 782 9
Çankaya 921.999 483 1.909
Çubuk 90.063 1.198 75
Elmadağ 45.513 647 70
Etimesgut 566.500 273 2.075
Evren 2.753 222 12
Gölbaşı 130.363 1.364 96
Güdül 8.050 540 15
Haymana 27.277 2.164 13
Kahramankazan 52.079 547 95
Kalecik 12.897 1.110 12
Keçiören 917.759 159 5.772
Kızılcahamam 24.947 1.623 15
Mamak 637.935 321 1.987
Nallıhan 28.621 2.079 14
Polatlı 124.464 3.618 34
Pursaklar 142.317 169 842
Sincan 524.222 880 596
Şereflikoçhisar 33.599 2.155 16
Yenimahalle 659.603 219 3.012
Urban (9 districts)[a] 4.871.884 3.991 1.221
TOTAL 5.445.026 25.632 212
District 1965[4] 1970[5] 1975[6] 1980[7] 1985[8] 1990[9] 2000[10] 2007[11] 2008[12] 2009[13] 2010[14] 2011[15] 2012[16] 2013[17] 2014[18] 2015[19] 2016[20] 2017[21]
City center[1] 130.520 114.419 94.964 77.168 no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data
Akyurt no data no data no data no data no data 12.535 18.907 23.354 24.986 25.401 26.006 26.780 27.201 28.349 29.403 30.245 31.541 32.863
Altındağ 229.228 348.254 526.072 624.313 406.948 422.668 407.101 370.735 367.812 367.340 365.920 365.915 363.744 359.597 361.259 363.687 365.842 371.366
Ayaş 16.936 17.581 18.325 17.202 21.762 20.806 21.239 13.159 13.502 14.057 13.291 13.166 13.087 12.997 13.018 12.678 12.276 12.289
Balâ 41.415 42.206 44.735 45.158 46.940 37.612 39.714 23.505 29.239 23.822 19.426 18.861 17.397 23.138 22.142 21.618 21.533 21.682
Beypazarı 34.297 36.435 37.140 38.568 42.008 45.977 51.841 46.884 46.768 46.514 46.493 47.018 46.738 47.234 47.646 47.582 50.431 48.476
Çamlıdere 19.596 18.982 19.444 18.521 18.341 19.365 15.339 9.329 9.862 8.293 7.297 6.993 6.739 7.181 6.781 6.479 6.483 7.389
Çankaya 496.953 683.210 927.809 968.668 667.351 714.330 769.331 792.189 785.330 794.288 797.109 813.339 832.075 914.501 913.715 922.536 919.119 921.999
Çubuk 47.601 49.539 53.114 54.616 57.716 51.964 75.119 83.826 80.123 81.270 81.747 82.156 82.614 83.449 84.636 86.055 87.603 90.063
Elmadağ 20.526 23.852 25.893 30.354 32.967 38.032 43.374 48.013 42.511 42.503 43.311 44.140 43.856 43.873 43.666 43.776 44.166 45.513
Etimesgut no data no data no data no data no data 70.800 171.293 289.601 313.770 347.267 386.879 414.739 425.947 469.626 501.351 527.959 542.752 566.500
Evren no data no data no data no data no data 6.928 6.167 4.027 4.513 3.822 3.343 3.227 3.011 2.995 2.901 2.847 2.784 2.753
Gölbaşı no data no data no data no data 31.671 43.522 62.602 73.670 85.499 88.480 95.109 105.006 110.643 115.924 118.346 122.288 123.681 130.363
Güdül 18.314 18.153 18.919 15.688 19.460 18.698 20.938 10.676 10.075 9.393 8.971 8.891 8.656 8.921 8.626 8.392 8.282 8.050
Haymana 48.908 51.256 53.275 56.171 60.823 55.527 54.087 39.310 40.537 34.912 33.886 32.705 31.058 42.566 31.176 28.355 28.127 27.277
Kalecik 28.665 29.784 27.871 28.446 27.349 25.043 24.738 17.007 16.071 15.142 14.517 13.969 13.648 13.678 13.604 13.388 13.251 12.897
Kahramankazan no data no data no data no data no data 21.837 29.692 36.147 38.731 38.964 39.537 42.090 43.308 45.879 47.224 51.764 50.746 52.079
Keçiören no data no data no data no data 443.390 536.168 672.817 843.535 779.905 796.646 817.262 831.229 840.809 848.305 872.025 889.876 903.565 917.759
Kızılcahamam 42.649 36.645 36.686 35.513 32.162 34.456 33.623 25.288 25.900 25.522 25.203 24.966 24.635 26.694 25.767 25.179 25.021 24.947
Mamak no data no data no data no data 379.460 410.359 430.606 503.663 520.446 532.873 549.585 558.223 559.597 568.396 587.565 607.878 625.083 637.935
Nallıhan 31.141 32.713 32.769 34.389 35.718 36.779 40.677 31.768 31.323 30.970 30.571 30.351 30.299 29.797 29.289 29.209 28.721 28.621
Polatlı 63.895 74.366 75.332 86.865 95.401 99.965 116.400 118.454 110.990 115.457 117.473 119.510 119.349 117.393 121.101 121.858 122.424 124.464
Pursaklar no data no data no data no data no data no data no data no data 91.742 100.732 108.211 114.833 119.593 123.857 129.152 133.961 137.808 142.317
Sincan no data no data no data no data 59.451 101.118 289.783 413.030 434.064 445.330 456.420 468.129 479.454 484.694 497.516 506.950 517.316 524.222
Şereflikoçhisar 69.201 75.675 82.207 79.330 87.893 60.701 59.128 34.808 35.353 35.978 35.989 36.071 35.042 34.577 33.946 33.729 33.420 33.599
Yenimahalle 122.166 175.528 246.154 330.908 382.205 351.436 553.344 614.778 609.887 625.826 648.160 668.586 687.042 591.462 608.217 632.286 644.543 659.603
Total 1.644.302 2.041.658 2.585.293 2.854.689 3.306.327 3.236.626 4.007.860 4.466.756 4.548.939 4.650.802 4.771.716 4.890.893 4.965.542 5.045.083 5.150.072 5.270.575 5.346.518 5.445.026

^ The population of the city center was not included after 1980, due to the fact that Ankara received the metropolitan status.

Geography

Ankara is mostly in the Central Anatolia region, and partly in the Black Sea region. Ankara has mountain forests to its north, and the dry plain of Konya to its south. The province is irrigated by the Kızılırmak and Sakarya River systems, the Sarıyar reservoir and many natural lakes and pools. 50% of the land is used for agriculture, 28% is forest and another 10% is meadow and grazing land. Lake Tuz, the second largest lake in Turkey, partly lies in the Şereflikoçhisar district of the province. The highest point of the province is the 2,015 meters tall Işık Mountain in the Kızılcahamam district.

Climate

The climate is hot and dry in summer, rainy in spring and autumn, cold and snowy in winter, wetter in the north of the province than the drier plains to the south. The annual precipitation in the city of Ankara located the center of the province is 415 mm (1.362 ft),[22] the annual precipitation of Kızılcahamam located in the north of the province is 592 mm (1.942 ft), and the annual precipitation of Şereflikoçhisar located in the southeast of the province is 357 mm (1.171 ft).[23][24]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Turkish Statistical Institute
  3. ^ "The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 31-12-2017". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 1 February 2018.
  4. ^ "1965 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  5. ^ "1970 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  6. ^ "1975 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  7. ^ "1980 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  8. ^ "1985 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  9. ^ "1990 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  10. ^ "2000 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  11. ^ "2007 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  12. ^ "2008 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  13. ^ "2009 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  14. ^ "2010 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  15. ^ "2011 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on November 3, 2012. Retrieved November 3, 2012.
  16. ^ "2012 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 20, 2013. Retrieved March 8, 2013.
  17. ^ "2013 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 15, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  18. ^ "2014 population census data". Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original (html) on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  19. ^ "2015 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  20. ^ "2016 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  21. ^ "2017 population census data" (html). Turkish Statistical Institute. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  22. ^ "Ankara" (in Turkish). Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  23. ^ "Kizilcahamam-Turkey". Weatherbase. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  24. ^ "Coğrafi Yapı". Sereflikochisar.gov.tr. Archived from the original on 22 October 2007. Retrieved 10 October 2014.

External links


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Akyar Dam

Akyar Dam is a dam in Ankara Province, Turkey, built between 1996 and 2001.

Ankara Vilayet

The Vilayet of Ankara or Angora was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, centered on the city of Angora (Ankara) in north-central Anatolia, which included most of ancient Galatia.

Asartepe Dam

Asartepe Dam is a dam in Ankara Province, Turkey, built between 1975 and 1980.

Bayındır Dam

Bayındır Dam is a dam in Ankara Province, Turkey, built between 1962 and 1965.

Eğrekkaya Dam

Eğrekkaya Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Gordion Museum

Gordion Museum is a museum in Turkey.

Gordium

Gordium (Greek: Γόρδιον, Górdion; Turkish: Gordion or Gordiyon) was the capital city of ancient Phrygia. It was located at the site of modern Yassıhüyük, about 70–80 km southwest of Ankara (capital of Turkey), in the immediate vicinity of Polatlı district. The site was excavated by Gustav Körte and Alfred Körte in 1900 and then by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, under the direction of Rodney S. Young, between 1950 and 1973. Excavations have continued at the site under the auspices of the University of Pennsylvania Museum with an international team.

Gordium lies where the ancient road between Lydia and Assyria/Babylonia crossed the Sangarius river.

Gürsöğüt Dam

Gürsöğüt Dam is a rock-fill embankment dam on the Sakarya River in Ankara Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 242 MW power station.

Kalecik, Ankara

Kalecik is a town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 14,517 of which 9,450 live in the town of Kalecik. The district covers an area of 1,340 km2 (517 sq mi), and the average elevation is 725 m (2,379 ft).

Kalecik stands on a plain with the eastern boundary formed by the River Kızılırmak while there are mountains to the south and the west. This agricultural district is known for its wine; other major crops include sugar beet and grains.

The popular grape variety Kalecik Karası grows successfully near the Kızılırmak and is used to make some of Turkey's best red wine.

Kalecik Karası

Kalecik Karası is a Turkish grape variety and a Turkish wine produced from this grape. This grape and wine are called by the name of area, the Kalecik district of Ankara Province, Turkey.

Kalecik Karası grows successfully near the Kızılırmak River and is used to make some of Turkey's best red wine.

Kalecik Karası grapes are famous for their unique taste, aroma and flavor. This unique quality has been honored with several awards won in International wine contests, and has attracted the interest of Turkish wine lovers. As a result, Kalecik Karası has become much in demand among domestic wines in recent years. The Kalecik Karası grape of Central Anatolia, which was on the brink of extinction due to long neglect, has taken its deserved place in viticulture, thanks to the long-term efforts of Turkish and French experts and Ankara University Faculty of Agriculture. Because of high demand, this grape is now also cultivated in other parts of Turkey with similar climatic conditions, such as the high grounds of the Denizli region.

This special prestige wine has the color of a ruby stone, is rich, well-balanced, and has a lasting and aroma of red fruit, vanilla, and cocoa. It has a light, fresh, and elegant finish. The wine has an alcohol ratio between 12 and 14%, and an acidity range of 4 to 7 grams/liter. Best when served at 16 to 18 degrees Celsius (61 to 64 degrees Fahrenheit), it is a good match with any kind of red meat, aged cheese, and especially Chateaubriand.

Kurtboğazı Dam

Kurtboğazı Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kızılcahamam

Kızılcahamam is a town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, 70 km north of the city of Ankara, near the motorway to Istanbul. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 25,203 of which 16,726 live in the town of Kızılcahamam. The district covers an area of 1,712 km², and the average elevation in district center is 975 m.

The area is mountain and forest, a geographical boundary between central Anatolia and the Black Sea regions.

Kızılcahamam itself is a quiet market town known for its healing hot springs and mineral waters. Nearby Soğuksu National Park contains a scout camp and trails, and areas for picnic in the forest. There are hotels and guest houses including spa hotels. A sculpture of black vulture, an endangered bird species inhabited in the national park, is situated at the entrance of the town.

Kızılcahamam-Aşağıören Reservoir

Kızılcahamam-Aşağıkaraören Reservoir (Turkish: Kızılcahamam-Aşağıkaraören Göleti) is an artificial lake constructed in 1978 for irrigation purposes at Aşağı Karaören village of Kızılcahamam district in Ankara Province, Turkey. It is fed by the Kuzoğlu Creek. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Nallıhan

Nallıhan is a rural town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, 157 km from the city of Ankara. According to 2010 census, population of the district is 30,571 of which 12,457 live in the town of Nallıhan. The district covers an area of 1,978 km², and the average elevation is 625 m.

Sarıyar Dam

Sarıyar Dam is a dam 23 kilometres (14 mi) north of the town of Sarıyar in the Nallıhan district of Ankara Province. It is 125 kilometres (78 mi) west of the city of Ankara, the central Anatolian capital of Turkey. It is also located 60 kilometres (37 mi) upstream of Gökçekaya Dam on the Sakarya River, which runs into the Black Sea. It was completed in 1956. The total power output from the hydroelectric facility is 160 MW (four facilities of 40 MW each).

Yenice Dam

Yenice Dam is a dam on the Sakarya River near Yenice on the border of Eskişehir and Ankara Province, Turkey. It houses a 38 MW hydroelectric power station. It was constructed between 1985 and 2000. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çamlıdere Dam

Çamlıdere Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çubuk, Ankara

Çubuk is a town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, outside the city of Ankara. Çubuk is the flat plain 38 km north of the city where Ankara airport is located. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 81,747 of which 76,716 live in the town of Çubuk. The district covers an area of 1,362 km2 (526 sq mi), and the average elevation is 1,100 m (3,609 ft).

Çubuk-2 Dam

Çubuk-2 Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Ankara Province of Turkey
Districts

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