Anita Bryant

Anita Jane Bryant (born March 25, 1940) is an American singer and political activist. She scored four Top 40 hits in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s, including "Paper Roses", which reached No. 5 on the charts.[1] She was also a former Miss Oklahoma beauty pageant winner, and was a brand ambassador for the Florida Citrus Commission (which marketed orange juice) from 1969 to 1979. At the peak of her popularity, Bryant was voted the most admired woman in America three years in a row by Good Housekeeping magazine and one of the Most influential Women in America in Gallup's most admired man and woman poll.

In the 1970s, Bryant became known as an outspoken opponent of gay rights in the US. In 1977, she ran the "Save Our Children" campaign to repeal a local ordinance in Dade County, Florida that prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. Her involvement with the campaign was condemned by gay rights activists who, assisted by many other prominent figures in music, film and television, retaliated by boycotting the orange juice she had promoted; Bryant's anti-gay activism later ceased, though not without destroying her public image and badly damaging her financially.[2] Because of her anti-gay activism, according to glbtq.com, Bryant's "name continues to be a byword for bigotry and homophobia".[3]

Anita Bryant
Anita Bryant Billboard 1971
Bryant in 1971
Background information
Birth nameAnita Jane Bryant
BornMarch 25, 1940 (age 78)
Barnsdall, Oklahoma, U.S.
OriginTulsa, Oklahoma, U.S.
GenresPop, Christian
Occupation(s)Singer, anti-gay activist
Years active1956–present
LabelsCarlton, Columbia, London, Word

Early life and career

Bryant was born in Barnsdall, Oklahoma, the daughter of Lenora A. (Berry) and Warren Bryant.[4][5] After her parents divorced, her father went into the U.S. Army and her mother went to work, taking her children to live with their grandparents temporarily. When Bryant was two years old, her grandfather taught her to sing "Jesus Loves Me". She was singing at the age of six onstage on local fairgrounds in Oklahoma. She sang occasionally on radio and television and was invited to audition when Arthur Godfrey's talent show came to town.

Bryant became Miss Oklahoma in 1958 and was a second runner-up in the 1959 Miss America pageant at age 19, right after graduating from Tulsa's Will Rogers High School.[6]

In 1960, Bryant married Bob Green (1931–2012), a Miami disc jockey, with whom she eventually raised four children: Robert Jr. (Bobby), Gloria, and twins Billy and Barbara. She divorced him in 1980, drawing criticism of hypocrisy from the Christian right regarding the indissolubility of Christian marriage which Bryant had championed and "the deterioration of the family" against which she had preached.[2][7][8] She appeared early in her career on the NBC interview program Here's Hollywood and on the same network's The Ford Show Starring Tennessee Ernie Ford.

Anita Bryant with a sailor during Bob Hope show on USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14) in December 1965
Anita Bryant with a sailor during a Bob Hope USO show on the USS Ticonderoga in 1965

From 1961 until 1968, Bryant frequently joined Bob Hope on holiday tours for the United Service Organizations. She again traveled with Hope for televised shows during the Vietnam War.[9][10] Bryant was given the Silver Medallion Award from the National Guard for "outstanding service by an entertainer," and the Veterans of Foreign Wars Leadership Gold Medallion.[11]

Bryant placed a total of 11 songs on the U.S. Hot 100, although most were at the bottom reaches of the chart. She had a moderate pop hit with "Till There Was You" (1959, US No. 30), from the Broadway production The Music Man. She also saw three hits in "Paper Roses" (1960, US No. 5, and covered by Marie Osmond 13 years later); "In My Little Corner of the World" (1960, US No. 10); and "Wonderland by Night" (1961, US No. 18), originally a hit by Bert Kaempfert. "Paper Roses", "In My Little Corner of the World", and "Till There Was You", each sold over one million copies, and were awarded a gold disc by the RIAA.[12]

Bryant released several albums on the Carlton and Columbia labels. Her first album, eponymously titled and released in 1959, contained "Till There Was You" and other songs from other Broadway shows. Her second album, Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight (1961), contains "Paper Roses" and "Wonderland by Night", as well as several songs that first appeared in her singles. Her third album, In My Little Corner of the World, also in 1961, contains the title song and other songs that have to do with places around the world, including "Canadian Sunset" and "I Love Paris". Bryant's compilation album, Greatest Hits (1963), contains both her original Carlton hits (because Columbia purchased all the masters from Carlton) plus sides from her Columbia recordings, including "Paper Roses" and "Step by Step, Little by Little." In 1964 she released The World of Lonely People, containing, in addition to the title song, "Welcome, Welcome Home" and a new rendition of "Little Things Mean a Lot", arranged by Frank Hunter. Bryant also released several albums of religious music.

Anita Bryant holding a bottle of Coca-Cola
Bryant during a photoshoot for Coca-Cola.

In 1969, Bryant became a spokeswoman for the Florida Citrus Commission, and nationally televised commercials featured her singing "Come to the Florida Sunshine Tree" and stating the commercials' tagline: "Breakfast without orange juice is like a day without sunshine." (Later, the slogan became, "It isn't just for breakfast anymore!") In addition, during this time, she also appeared in advertisements for Coca-Cola, Kraft Foods, Holiday Inn, and Tupperware. In the 1970s, Bryant was teamed up with the Disney Character "Orange Bird," with whom she appeared in several orange juice commercials. She also sang the Orange Bird Song and narrated the Orange Bird record album, with music written by the Sherman Brothers.

Bryant performed the National Anthem at Super Bowl III in 1969. Bryant sang "The Battle Hymn of the Republic" during the halftime show of Super Bowl V in 1971 and at the graveside services for President of the United States Lyndon B. Johnson in 1973.

Bryant hosted a two-hour television special, The Anita Bryant Spectacular, in March 1980.[13] She recounted her autobiography, appeared in medleys of prerecorded songs, and interviewed Pat Boone. The West Point Glee Club and General William Westmoreland participated.[14]

Political campaigning

Save Our Children Fundraising card
Fundraising card for the Save Our Children campaign.

On March 23, 1969, Bryant participated in a Rally for Decency at the Orange Bowl to protest the controversial onstage behavior of Jim Morrison of The Doors.[15][16]

In 1977, Dade County, Florida, passed an ordinance sponsored by Bryant's former friend Ruth Shack that prohibited discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation.[17] Bryant led a highly publicized campaign to repeal the ordinance, as the leader of a coalition named Save Our Children. The campaign was based on conservative Christian beliefs regarding the sinfulness of homosexuality and the perceived threat of homosexual recruitment of children and child molestation. Bryant stated:[18]

What these people really want, hidden behind obscure legal phrases, is the legal right to propose to our children that theirs is an acceptable alternate way of life. [...] I will lead such a crusade to stop it as this country has not seen before.

The name of the campaign had to be changed because of legal action by the Save the Children foundation.[19]

The campaign marked the beginning of an organized opposition to gay rights that spread across the nation. Jerry Falwell went to Miami to help Bryant. She made the following statements during the campaign: "As a mother, I know that homosexuals cannot biologically reproduce children; therefore, they must recruit our children" and "If gays are granted rights, next we'll have to give rights to prostitutes and to people who sleep with St. Bernards and to nail biters."[18] She also said, "All America and all the world will hear what the people have said, and with God's continued help we will prevail in our fight to repeal similar laws throughout the nation."[17] Notably, Bryant referred to gay people as "human garbage".[20][21][22]

Victory and defeat

Anita Bryant Sucks Oranges button
An anti-Bryant campaign button in support of a boycott of the Save Our Children campaign for which she served as spokesperson.

On June 7, 1977, Bryant's campaign led to a repeal of the anti-discrimination ordinance by a margin of 69 to 31 percent. However, the success of Bryant's campaign galvanized her opponents, and the gay community retaliated against her by organizing a boycott of orange juice.[18] Gay bars all over North America stopped serving screwdrivers[23] and replaced them with the "Anita Bryant Cocktail", which was made with vodka and apple juice.[24] Sales and proceeds went to gay rights activists to help fund their fight against Bryant and her campaign.[24]

In 1977, Florida legislators approved a measure prohibiting gay adoption.[18] The ban was overturned more than 30 years later when, on November 25, 2008, Miami-Dade Circuit Court Judge Cindy S. Lederman declared it unconstitutional.[25]

Bryant led several more campaigns around the country to repeal local anti-discrimination ordinances, including campaigns in St. Paul, Minnesota; Wichita, Kansas; and Eugene, Oregon. In 1978, her success led to the Briggs Initiative in California, which would have made pro-gay statements regarding homosexual people or homosexuality by any public school employee cause for dismissal.[18] Grassroots liberal organizations, chiefly in Los Angeles and the San Francisco Bay Area, organized to defeat the initiative. Days before the election, the California Democratic Party opposed the proposed legislation. President Jimmy Carter, governor Jerry Brown, former president Gerald Ford, and former governor Ronald Reagan – then planning a run for the presidency – all voiced opposition to the initiative, and it ultimately suffered a massive defeat at the polls.[24]

In 1998, Dade County repudiated Bryant's successful campaign of 20 years earlier and reauthorized an anti-discrimination ordinance protecting individuals from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation by a seven-to-six vote. In 2002, a ballot initiative to repeal the 1998 law, called Amendment 14, was voted down by 56 percent of the voters.[24] The Florida statute forbidding gay adoption was upheld in 2004 by a federal appellate court against a constitutional challenge but was overturned by a Miami-Dade circuit court in November 2008.[25]

Bryant became one of the first persons to be publicly "pied" as a political act (in her case, on television), in Des Moines, Iowa, in 1977.[26] Bryant quipped "At least it's a fruit pie,"[27] making a pun on the derogatory term of "fruit" for a gay man. While covered in pie, she began to pray to God to forgive the activist "for his deviant lifestyle" before bursting into tears as the cameras continued rolling. Bryant's husband said that he would not retaliate, but followed the protesters outside and threw a pie at them.[24] By this time, gay activists ensured that the boycott on Florida orange juice had become more prominent and it was supported by many celebrities, including Barbra Streisand, Bette Midler, Paul Williams, Dick Clark (Bryant had made several appearances on his shows, especially his namesake television show), Vincent Price (he joked in a television interview that Oscar Wilde's "A Woman of No Importance" referred to her),[28] John Waters, Carroll O'Connor, Linda Lavin, Mary Tyler Moore, Charles Schulz, Billie Jean King, and Jane Fonda.[24] David Allan Coe wrote the song "Fuck Aneta Briant" [sic], which appears on his 1978 album, Nothing Sacred.[29][30][31] In 1978, Bryant and Bob Green told the story of their campaign in the book At Any Cost.[18] The gay community continued to regard Bryant's name as synonymous with bigotry and homophobia.[24][32]

Career decline and bankruptcies

The fallout from Bryant's political activism hurt her business and entertainment career. Her contract with the Florida Citrus Commission was allowed to lapse in 1979 because of the controversy and the negative publicity generated by her political campaigns and the resulting boycott of Florida orange juice.[2]

Bryant's marriage to Bob Green also failed at that time, and in 1980 she divorced him, citing emotional abuse and latent suicidal thoughts.[33] Green refused to accept this, saying that his fundamentalist religious beliefs did not recognize civil divorce and that she was still his wife "in God's eyes". In 2007, Green stated: "Blame gay people? I do. Their stated goal was to put her out of business and destroy her career. And that's what they did. It's unfair."[34]

Some Christian fundamentalist audiences and venues shunned Bryant after her divorce. Because she was no longer invited to appear at their events, she lost another major source of income. With three of her four children, she moved from Miami to Selma, Alabama, and later to Atlanta, Georgia.[33] In a 1980 Ladies' Home Journal article she said, "The church needs to wake up and find some way to cope with divorce and women's problems." She also expressed some sympathy for feminist aspirations, given her own experiences of emotional abuse within her previous marriage.[35] Bryant also commented on her anti-gay views and said, "I'm more inclined to say live and let live, just don't flaunt it or try to legalize it."[35] In a 2012 interview, her son Robert Green, Jr. said "she would be putting a lot more energy into fighting gay rights if she still felt as strongly."[36]

Bryant appeared in Michael Moore's 1989 documentary film Roger & Me, in which she is interviewed and travels to Flint, Michigan, as part of the effort to revitalize its devastated local economy.[37]

Bryant married her second husband, Charlie Hobson Dry, in 1990.[33] The couple tried to reestablish her music career in a series of small venues, including Branson, Missouri, and Pigeon Forge, Tennessee, where they opened Anita Bryant's Music Mansion. The establishment combined Bryant's performances of her successful songs from early in her career with a "lengthy segment in which she preached her Christian beliefs". The venture was not successful and the Music Mansion, which had missed meeting payrolls at times, filed for bankruptcy in 2001 with Bryant and Dry leaving behind a series of unpaid employees and creditors.[2]

Bryant also spent part of the 1990s in Branson, Missouri, where the state and federal governments both filed liens claiming more than $116,000 in unpaid taxes.[2] Bryant and Dry had also filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in Arkansas in 1997 after piling up bills from a failed Anita Bryant show in Eureka Springs, a tourist area in northwest Arkansas; among the debts were more than $172,000 (equivalent to about $268,000 in 2018) in unpaid state and federal taxes.[2]

Ministries

In 2005, Bryant returned to Barnsdall, Oklahoma, to attend the town's 100th anniversary celebration and to have a street renamed in her honor. She returned to her high school in Tulsa on April 21, 2007, to perform in the school's annual musical revue. As of 2008, she was living in Edmond, Oklahoma, and said she was doing charity work for various youth organizations while heading Anita Bryant Ministries International.[38]

Writing

Mark D. Jordan has written: "Many of her public statements, including her books, were ghostwritten by others, and there is internal reason to conclude that the most political books were pasted together by several hands from various sources."[39]

  • Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1970)
  • Amazing Grace (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1971)
  • Bless This House (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1972)
  • Bless This Food: The Anita Bryant Family Cookbook (NY: Doubleday, 1975)
  • The Anita Bryant Story: The Survival of Our Nation's Families and the Threat of Militant Homosexuality (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1977)
With Bob Green
  • Fishers of Men (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1973)
  • Light My Candle (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1974)
  • Running the Good Race (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1976), fitness guidance
  • Raising God's Children (Old Tappan, NJ: Fleming H. Revell, 1977)

Discography

Albums

Year Album Billboard 200 Record Label
1959 Anita Bryant - Carlton Records
1960 Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight! -
1961 In My Little Corner of the World 99
Kisses Sweeter Than Wine - Columbia Records
1962 Abiding Love -
In a Velvet Mood 145
The ABC Stories of Jesus -
1963 The Country's Best -
Anita Bryant's Greatest Hits -
1964 The World of Lonely People -
The Best of Johnny Desmond & Anita Bryant at Jubilee 1964 -
1965 I Believe -
1966 Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory 146
1967 Christmas with Anita Bryant 25
1968 Anita Bryant - Harmony Records
How Great Thou Art - Columbia Records
In Remembrance of You -
1969 Little Things Mean a Lot - Harmony Records
1970 World Without Love -
Abide with Me - Word Records
1972 Naturally - Myrrh Records
The Miracle of Christmas - Word Records
1973 Sweet Hour of Prayer - Harmony Records
Battle Hymn of the Republic - Word Records
1975 Old Fashioned Prayin' -
Anita Bryant's All-Time Favorite Hymns -
1985 Anita with Love - BL Records

Singles

Year Title Peak chart positions Record Label B-side Album
US R&B AC UK
1959 "Till There Was You" 30 Carlton Records "Little George (Got The Hiccoughs)" A-side: Anita Bryant; B-side: non-album track
"Six Boys and Seven Girls" 62 "The Blessings of Love" A-side: Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight; B-side: Anita Bryant
"Do-Re-Mi" 94 "Promise Me A Rose" (A-side) Anita Bryant
1960 "Paper Roses" 5 16 24 "Mixed Emotions" Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight
"My Little Corner of the World" 10 48 "Anyone Would Love You" A-side: In My Little Corner Of The World; B-side: Anita Bryant
"One of the Lucky Ones" 62 "Love Look Away" A-side: Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight; B-side: Anita Bryant
"Promise Me a Rose (A Slight Detail)" 78 "Do-Re-Mi" Anita Bryant
1961 "Wonderland by Night" 18 "Pictures" Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight
"A Texan and a Girl from Mexico" 85 "He's Not Good Enough for You" Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight
"I Can't Do It by Myself" 87 "An Angel Cried" Hear Anita Bryant in Your Home Tonight
"Lonesome For You, Mama" 108 "A Place Called Happiness" Non-album tracks
1962 "Step By Step, Little By Little" 106 Columbia Records "Cold Cold Winter" Greatest Hits
1964 "The World of Lonely People" 59 17 "It's Better to Cry Today Than Cry Tomorrow" The World of Lonely People
"Welcome, Welcome Home" 130 "Laughing on the Outside"

In popular culture

Bryant's name has frequently been invoked as a prototypical example of opposition to LGBT rights. When Elton John was criticized for touring Russia in 1979, he responded: "I wouldn't say I won't tour in America because I can't stand Anita Bryant".[40] In his song "Mañana", Jimmy Buffett sings "I hope Anita Bryant never ever does one of my songs".[41] In 1978 David Allan Coe recorded the song "Fuck Aneta Briant" [sic] on his album Nothing's Sacred. Also in 1978, the song "Killer Queers" by the LA punk band The Controllers on their first single mocks Bryant, calling her "Anita Blowjob". San Francisco punk band Dead Kennedys made a scathing reference to Bryant at the end of the song "Moral Majority" on their 1981 release In God We Trust, Inc.

Bryant was regularly lampooned on Saturday Night Live, sometimes with her politics as the target,[42][43] sometimes her reputation as a popular, traditional entertainer known for her commercials,[44] sometimes a combination of the two.[45] Some references were less overtly political, but equally critical. In the film Airplane!, Leslie Nielsen's character, upon seeing a large number of passengers become violently ill, vomit, and suffer uncontrollable flatulence, remarked: "I haven't seen anything like this since the Anita Bryant concert."[46] Other television shows that targeted her were Designing Women[47] and The Golden Girls.[48][49] She was also the target of mockery in the RiffTrax short Drugs Are Like That.[50]

Armistead Maupin, in his 1980 novel More Tales of the City, used Anita Bryant's "Save Our Children" campaign to prompt a principal character to come out of the closet.[51]

Bryant appears in archive footage as a principal antagonist in the 2008 American biographical film Milk, about the life of gay rights activist and politician Harvey Milk. She was also portrayed as the principal antagonist in the 2011 play, Anita Bryant Died For Your Sins.[52]

In May 2013, producers announced plans for a biographical HBO film based on Bryant's life to star Uma Thurman, with a script from gay screenwriter Chad Hodge.[53][54][55]

Bryant's likeness is portrayed by a drag performer in the comedic play, Anita Bryant's Playboy Interview, which premiered in 2016 in Silver Lake, Los Angeles.[56][57] Bryant is a frequently portrayed character at drag shows across the United States.[58][59]

Bryant is the subject of the musical The Loneliest Girl in the World, which had its World Premiere run at Diversionary Theatre in San Diego in mid 2018.[60]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Anita Bryant". Billboard. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Tobin, Thomas C. (April 28, 2002). "Bankruptcy, ill will plague Bryant". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on 2011-01-23. Retrieved June 14, 2011.
  3. ^ Nikolai Endres (2009). "Bryant, Anita" (PDF). glbtq.com.
  4. ^ "Bryant, Anita - American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present". Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
  5. ^ "Lenora Cate Obituary - Warr Acres, OK - NewsOK.com". NewsOK.com.
  6. ^ Red Corn, Louise (May 28, 2005). "Celebration draws Anita Bryant back to Barnsdall". Tulsa World. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  7. ^ Sinclair, Kip (1980). "Anita Bryant Rates Family Bliss Next to Godliness, but After 20 Years She's Divorcing Bob Green". 13 (23). Archived from the original on January 10, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2010.
  8. ^ Elinor J. Brecher; Steve Rothaus. "One-time disc jockey Bob Green, Anita Bryant's husband during 1977 gay-rights battle, dies at 80". The Miami Herald. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  9. ^ "Bob Hope's Vietnam Christmas Tours | HistoryNet". www.historynet.com. 2009-12-23. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  10. ^ "The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on April 22, 1976 · Page 10". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  11. ^ "Anita Bryant". Florida Citrus Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  12. ^ Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 122. ISBN 978-0-214-20512-5.
  13. ^ The Anita Bryant Spectacular on IMDb
  14. ^ O'Connor, John J. (March 27, 1980). "TV: Study of Inflation and Anita Bryant Show" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  15. ^ Davis, Stephen (1976). Jim Morrison: Life, Death, Legend. NY: Gotham Books. pp. 323–4. ISBN 9781592400997.
  16. ^ Bryant, Anita (1976). Mine Eyes Have Seen the Glory. G.K. Hall. p. 141.
  17. ^ a b "Year in Review: Miami Demonstrations". United Press International. 1977.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Bryant, Anita; Green, Bob (1978). At Any Cost. Grand Rapids, Michigan, US: Fleming H. Revell. ISBN 978-0800709402.
  19. ^ "Lakeland Ledger - Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
  20. ^ Clendinen, Dudley; Nagourney, Adam (2013). Out For Good: The Struggle to Build a Gay Rights Movement in Ame. Simon and Schuster. p. 306. ISBN 9781476740713.
  21. ^ Gillon, Steven M. (2012). The American Paradox: A History of the United States Since 1945. Cengage Learning. p. 263. ISBN 1133309852.
  22. ^ Winston, Diane (2012). The Oxford Handbook of Religion and the American News Media. OUP USA. p. 225. ISBN 9780195395068.
  23. ^ "ANITA SUCKS [ORANGES] · Documented | Digital Collections of The History Project". historyproject.omeka.net. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g Marcus, Eric (2002). Making Gay History: The Half-Century Fight for Lesbian and Gay Equal Rights. New York, US: Harper. ISBN 978-0-06-093391-3.
  25. ^ a b Almanzar, Yolanne (November 25, 2008). "Florida Gay Adoption Ban Is Ruled Unconstitutional". The New York Times.
  26. ^ "'For the Bible Tells Me So': Setting us straight". Thestar.com. January 13, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  27. ^ "CNN Transcripts". Transcripts.cnn.com. April 26, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  28. ^ murphy, colin (2015-10-25). "Vincent Price's Daughter Confirms Her Famous Father Was Bisexual". Retrieved 2017-08-04.
  29. ^ David Allan Coe (January 8, 1978). "David Allan Coe - Fuck Anita Bryant. - YouTube".
  30. ^ Walter Beck (March 21, 2013). "Nothing Sacred • David Allan Coe".
  31. ^ "Nothing Sacred". Allmusic. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
  32. ^ Louis-Georges Tin, Dictionary of Homophobia: A Global History of Gay & Lesbian Experience (2003), ISBN 978-1-55152-229-6
  33. ^ a b c Bryant, Anita (1992). A New Day. Nashville, TN: Broadman. ASIN B000LEM04E.
  34. ^ Steve Rothaus. "Bob Green: Anita's ex paid dearly in the fight". The Miami Herald. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  35. ^ a b Jahr, Cliff (1980). "Anita Bryant's Startling Reversal". Ladies Home Journal (December 1980): 60–68.
  36. ^ Times, Windy City. "Talking with the son of Bob Green and Anita Bryant - Gay Lesbian Bi Trans News Archive - Windy City Times". Windy City Times.
  37. ^ Howe, Desson (January 12, 1990). "Roger & Me". Washington Post. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  38. ^ "Edmond Life & Leisure". edmondlifeandleisure.com.
  39. ^ Jordan, Mark D. (2011). Recruiting Young Love: How Christians Talk about Homosexuality. University of Chicago Press. p. 130.
  40. ^ Elton John, To Russia with Elton John (Media notes). EU: Power Station. 2003 [1979]. track 0:45:35.
  41. ^ Jimmy Buffett, Son of a Son of a Sailor (lyrics/liner notes; ABC Records, 1978)
  42. ^ "Steve Martin". Saturday Night Live. Season 2. Episode 14. Feb 26, 1977. NBC.
  43. ^ "Hugh Hefner". Saturday Night Live. Season 3. Episode 3. Oct 15, 1977. NBC.
  44. ^ "Dyan Cannon". Saturday Night Live. Season 1. Episode 20. May 15, 1976. NBC.
  45. ^ "Burt Reynolds". Saturday Night Live. Season 5. Episode 16. April 12, 1980. NBC.
  46. ^ Airplane! (film), 1980, Paramount Pictures.
  47. ^ "Monette". Designing Women. Season 1. Episode 13. Feb 8, 1987. NBC.
  48. ^ "Sophia's Wedding (1)". The Golden Girls. Season 4. Episode 6. Nov 19, 1988. NBC.
  49. ^ "Big Daddy's Little Lady". The Golden Girls. Season 2. Episode 6. Nov 15, 1986. NBC.
  50. ^ "Drugs are Like That - Rifftrax". RiffTrax. 2014-09-19.
  51. ^ Maupin, Armistead (1980). More Tales of the City. New York: Harper & Row. ISBN 978-0-06-090726-6.
  52. ^ "Diversionary Theatre : The Third Oldest LGBT Theatre in the Country". Diversionary Theatre. 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  53. ^ McClintock, Pamela (May 16, 2013). "Cannes: Uma Thurman Set to Star in Anita Bryant Pic". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 18, 2013.
  54. ^ "Anita Bryant Wants 'A Gay Best Friend' Says Screenwriter Chad Hodge". Huffington Post. 2011-11-03. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  55. ^ "Uma Thurman As Anita Bryant: 'Kill Bill' Star Cast As Anti-Gay Activist". Huffington Post. 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  56. ^ "Understanding Anita Bryant, the Woman Who Declared War on Gays". 2016-08-18. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  57. ^ mrDan. "ANITA BRYANT'S PLAYBOY INTERVIEW". www.cavernclubtheater.com. Retrieved 2018-05-03.
  58. ^ Luther Hillman, Betty (2015). Dressing for the Culture Wars: Style and the Politics of Self-Presentation in the 1960s And 1970s. U of Nebraska Press.
  59. ^ Tyson, Lois (1999). Critical Theory Today: A User-friendly Guide. Taylor & Francis. p. 332.
  60. ^ "Diversionary Theatre : The Third Oldest LGBT Theatre in the Country". Diversionary Theatre. 2017-06-22. Retrieved 2018-06-09.

External links

1977 Houston Anita Bryant protests

In 1977, the Texas State Bar Association invited country singer Anita Bryant to perform at a meeting in Houston, Texas. In response to Bryant's outspoken anti-gay views and her Save Our Children campaign, thousands of members of the Houston LGBT community and their supporters marched through the city to the venue in protest on June 16, 1977. The protests have been called "Houston's Stonewall" and set into motion the major push for LGBT rights in Houston.

1977 in LGBT rights

This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 1977.

Billboard Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1960

This is a list of Billboard magazine's Top Hot 100 songs of 1960.

Do-Re-Mi

"Do-Re-Mi" is a show tune from the 1959 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical The Sound of Music. Within the story, it is used by Maria to teach the notes of the major musical scale to the Von Trapp children who learn to sing for the first time, even though their father disallowed frivolity after their mother's death. Each syllable of the musical solfège system appears in the song's lyrics, sung on the pitch it names. Rodgers was helped in its creation by long-time arranger Trude Rittmann who devised the extended vocal sequence in the song. According to assistant conductor Peter Howard, the heart of the number – in which Maria assigns a musical tone to each child, like so many Swiss bell ringers – was devised in rehearsal by Rittmann (who was credited for choral arrangements) and choreographer Joe Layton. The fourteen note and tune lyric – 'when you know the notes to sing...' – were provided by Rodgers and Hammerstein; the rest, apparently, came from Rittmann. Howard: 'Rodgers allowed her to do whatever she liked. When we started doing the staging of it, Joe took over. He asked Trude for certain parts to be repeated, certain embellishments.'In the stage version, Maria sings this song in the living room of Captain von Trapp's house, shortly after she introduces herself to the children. However, when Ernest Lehman adapted the stage script into a screenplay for the 1965 film adaptation, he moved the song to later on in the story. In the film, Maria and the children sing this song over a montage as they wander and frolic over Salzburg. Later on, in both the film and stage versions, a more intricate reprise of the song is sung in the style of a Bach cantata, showing the audience how versatile they were at multi-part choral singing.

The tune finished at #88 in AFI's 100 Years...100 Songs survey of the top tunes in American cinema in 2004.

Do You Hear What I Hear? Christmas with Anita Bryant

Do You Hear What I Hear? Christmas with Anita Bryant is an album by Anita Bryant released by Columbia Records in 1967.The album landed on the Billboard 200 chart, reaching #25.

Homosexual recruitment

"Homosexual recruitment" and similar derogatory terms are used to describe the belief that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people engage in deliberate attempts to convert otherwise heterosexual people into adopting a "gay lifestyle". This belief has been widely rejected as false by sociologists and psychologists. Allegations of such recruitment have been used in opposition to institutionalized HIV prevention programs, anti-bullying legislation, anti-discrimination laws, in-school discussions of feminism and LGBT rights, and against the establishment of Gay-Straight Alliance school programs. They are seen as part of a larger narrative by opponents of LGBT rights to further the myth of gay people being predators.

In My Little Corner of the World

In My Little Corner of the World is the name of the second studio album by American country music singer, Marie Osmond. It was released on MGM Records in 1974.

Marie Osmond's second album was named after the lead and only single from the album, "In My Little Corner of the World." Like Osmond's previous singles, the crossover country-pop hit, "Paper Roses," "In My Little Corner of the World" was a cover version of a major hit by Anita Bryant. Osmond's version however only peaked within the Country Top 40 and made the Bubbling Under Hot 100 charts in 1974. The album was produced by Sonny James.

The album peaked at #10 on the Billboard Top Country Albums and #164 on the Billboard 200 in 1974.

The album was given 2 out of 5 stars by Allmusic.

Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)

"Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)" is a popular song.

The music was written by Bernie Wayne, the lyrics by Ben Raleigh. The song was published in 1946.

Three versions were popular in 1946: by Dinah Shore, by Andy Russell, and by Sammy Kaye and his Orchestra (with vocal by Billy Williams).

The recording by Dinah Shore was released by Columbia Records as catalog number 36964. It first reached the Billboard charts on April 18, 1946, and lasted nine weeks on the chart, peaking at #3. This version was one side of a two-sided hit, the other side being the #2 hit, "The Gypsy."

The recording by Andy Russell was released by Capitol Records as catalog number 252. It first reached the Billboard charts on May 2, 1946, and lasted seven weeks on the chart, peaking at #4.The recording by Sammy Kaye was released by RCA Victor Records as catalog number 20-1856. It first reached the Billboard charts on May 16, 1946, and lasted four weeks on the chart, peaking at #7.Frances Irwin sings the song at the Danceland club (set) in the movie Gun Crazy, produced in 1949.

The Four Aces took it to #28 on the Cash Box singles chart in October 1953.

In 1959, the venerable R&B vocal group, The Harptones (featuring Willy Winfield) recorded a version for Morty Craft's Warwick Records.

In 1962, Ella Fitzgerald recorded it on her Rhythm Is My Business, and Aretha Franklin for her album "Laughing on the Outside".

Also, in 1962, New Jersey singer Bernadette Carroll recorded a teen version on Tom DeCillis' Julia Records. This version has recently gained popular interest thanks to its inclusion in the British television series The End of the F***ing World.

In 1965, Anita Bryant recorded a version that was released as the B-side to her single, "Welcome, Welcome Home".

May You Always

"May You Always" is a popular song by Larry Markes (lyrics) and Dick Charles (pseudonym of Richard Charles Krieg), published in 1958.

The biggest hit version in the United States was by The McGuire Sisters where it peaked at No. 11 on the Billboard Hot 100. In the United Kingdom, Joan Regan took her version to No. 9 in the UK Singles Chart.

The song has also been covered by Bobby Vinton, Maureen Evans, the Andrews Sisters, the Lennon Sisters, Anita Bryant, Barbara Cook and Ian McNabb.

Miss America 1959

Miss America 1959, the 32nd Miss America pageant, was held at the Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey on September 6, 1958 on CBS.

Mary Ann Mobley, the first winner from Mississippi, became an actress, featured in two Elvis Presley films and many television series. Second runner-up Anita Bryant later gained fame as a singer and television spokesperson.

Mixed Emotions (1951 song)

"Mixed Emotions" is a popular song by Stuart F. Louchheim, published in 1951.

The best-known version of the song was recorded by Rosemary Clooney on Columbia Records in 1951. It reached #22 in the United States.The song was covered by Ella Fitzgerald, as one side of a single whose other side was also a cover of a Rosemary Clooney hit, "Come On-a My House," on Decca Records (catalog number 27680). Instrumental version was covered by Earl Grant on his album Yes Sirree!

Dinah Washington recorded the song twice, once in the early 1950s, and again in 1961.

Anita Bryant released a version of the song that was the B-side to her 1960 hit "Paper Roses".

My Little Corner of the World

"My Little Corner of the World" (sometimes recorded as "In My Little Corner of the World") is a 1960 love song with music written by Lee Pockriss and lyrics by Bob Hilliard.

Paper Roses

"Paper Roses" is a popular song written and composed by Fred Spielman and Janice Torre. It first was a top five hit in 1960 for Anita Bryant. Marie Osmond recorded it in 1973 and took her version to number one on the US country chart.

Paper Roses (album)

Paper Roses is the debut studio album by American country music singer, Marie Osmond. It was released in 1973 on MGM Records. It was the first of three MGM/Kolob albums Osmond would record as solo artist.

The album's name came from its title track, "Paper Roses," a cover of an Anita Bryant Top 10 hit from 1961. Osmond's version reached #1 on the Billboard Country Chart and #5 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1973. Osmond became the first female country singer to have a #1 hit with her debut single since Connie Smith with "Once a Day" in 1964. The album includes cover versions of hits by Sonny James ("You're the Only World I Know") and Brenda Lee ("Fool No. 1").

Paper Roses peaked at #1 on the Billboard Top Country Albums chart, #59 on the Billboard 200 and #38 on the Canadian Albums Chart.

The album was reviewed by Allmusic and was given 2 out of 5 stars.

Save Our Children

Save Our Children, Inc. was a political coalition formed in 1977 in Miami, Florida to overturn a recently legislated county ordinance that banned discrimination in areas of housing, employment, and public accommodation based on sexual orientation. The coalition was publicly headed by celebrity singer Anita Bryant, who claimed the ordinance discriminated against her right to teach her children biblical morality. It was a well-organized campaign that initiated a bitter political fight between unprepared gay activists and highly motivated Christian fundamentalists. When the repeal of the ordinance went to a vote, it attracted the largest response of any special election in Dade County's history, passing by 70%. In response to this vote, a group of gay and lesbian community members formed Pride South Florida, now known as Pride Fort Lauderdale, an organization whose mission was to fight for the rights of the gay and lesbian community in South Florida.

Save Our Children was the first organized opposition to the gay rights movement, whose beginnings were traced to the Stonewall riots in 1969. The defeat of the ordinance encouraged groups in other cities to attempt to overturn similar laws. In the next year voters in St. Paul, Minnesota, Wichita, Kansas, and Eugene, Oregon overturned ordinances in those cities, sharing many of the same campaign strategies that were used in Miami. Save Our Children was also involved in Seattle, Washington, where they were unsuccessful, and heavily influenced Proposition 6—a proposed state law in California that would have made the firing of openly gay public school employees mandatory—that was rejected by California voters in 1978.

Historians have since connected the success of Save Our Children with the organization of conservative Christian participation in political processes. Although "occasional antigay appeals from the right" existed prior to the campaign, "the new right struck pure gold in Anita Bryant. A mother, celebrity singer, former Miss America ... the chirpy Bryant was the ideal model for its antigay crusade." Within two years the Reverend Jerry Falwell developed a coalition of conservative religious groups named the Moral Majority that influenced the Republican Party to incorporate a social agenda in national politics. Homosexuality, the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), abortion, and pornography were among the issues most central to the Moral Majority's priorities until it folded in 1989. For many gay people, the surprise at the outcome of all the campaigns in 1977 and 1978 instilled a new determination and consolidated activism and communities in many cities where the gay community had not been politically active.

The Anita Bryant Story

The Anita Bryant Story: The Survival of Our Nation's Families and the Threat of Militant Homosexuality is a 1977 book by Anita Bryant, in which the author provides an account of her evangelical Christian campaign against a gay rights ordinance in Dade County, Florida. The claims Bryant makes about homosexuality in the book have been described as false and unscholarly in nature.

The World of Lonely People

"The World of Lonely People" is a song written by Buddy Kaye and Mort Garson and performed by Anita Bryant. The song reached #17 on the U.S. Adult Contemporary chart and #59 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1964. The song appeared on her 1964 album, The World Of Lonely People.Jimmy Justice released a version of the song as a single in February 1963 which did not chart.

Till There Was You

"Till There Was You" is a song written by Meredith Willson for his musical play The Music Man (1957), and which also appeared in the 1962 movie version. It is sung by librarian Marian Paroo (performed by Barbara Cook on Broadway, and by Shirley Jones in the film) to "Professor" Harold Hill (portrayed in the film by Robert Preston) toward the end of Act Two.

The song became a hit for Anita Bryant in 1959, reaching number 30 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and spending two weeks at number 14 on Cash Box. "Till There Was You" was covered by the Beatles in 1963.

Wonderland by Night

"Wonderland by Night" (German title "Wunderland bei Nacht") is a popular song by Bert Kaempfert that was a Billboard number one hit for three weeks, starting January 9, 1961. It was recorded in July 1959. The song was written by Klaus Günter Neumann with English lyrics by Lincoln Chase. It was Bert Kaempfert's first hit with his orchestra. The song featured Charly Tabor on trumpet. The original version of "Wonderland by Night" also crossed over to the R&B chart where it peaked at number five. Another cover, recorded and released by Louis Prima, also charted in the same year, reaching #15 on the Billboard charts. Anita Bryant's version, which included orchestrations by Lew Douglas, reached #18 on the US Pop Chart. Engelbert Humperdinck also recorded a vocal version of the song in his 1968 album A Man Without Love.

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