Anictis is an extinct species of carnivorous cat-like mammal belonging to the superfamily Aeluroidea, endemic to Europe living from the Oligocene 33.9—28.4 Ma, existing for approximately 5.4 million years.[1]

Anictis is shown to have an omnivorous diet or more precisely, hypercarnivorous to mesocarnivorous.[2][3]

Temporal range: Oligocene
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Stenoplesictidae
Genus: Anictis
Kretzoi, 1945
A. simplicidens
Binomial name
Anictis simplicidens
Schlosser, 1890


Anictis was named by Kretzoi (1945). It was assigned to Aeluroidea by Hunt (1998); and to Viverridae by Flynn (1998).[4][5] There is one known species, Anictis simplicidens.


  1. ^ Paleobiology Database: Anictis basic info.
  2. ^ J. A. Lillegraven. 1979. Reproduction in Mesozoic mammals. In J. A. Lillegraven, Z. Kielan-Jaworowska, and W. A. Clemens (eds.), Mesozoic Mammals: The First Two-Thirds of Mammalian History. University of California Press, Berkeley 259-276
  3. ^ R. M. Nowak. 1999. Walker's Mammals of the World, Sixth Edition I:1-836
  4. ^ J. J. Flynn. 1998. Early Cenozoic Carnivora ("Miacoidea"). In C. M. Janis, K. M. Scott, and L. L. Jacobs (eds.), Evolution of Tertiary Mammals of North America 1:110-123
  5. ^ R. M. Hunt. 1998. Evolution of the aeluroid Carnivora: diversity of the earliest aeluroids from Eurasia (Quercy, Hsanda-Gol) and the origin of felids. American Museum Novitates 3252:1-65

Aeluroidea is an extant superfamily of feline-like carnivores that are, or were, endemic to North America, South America, Africa, and Asia. They appeared during the Oligocene about 33.3 million years ago.This superfamily includes the extant families of: Felidae (cats), Herpestidae (mongooses) and Hyaenidae (hyenas).

Extinct genera include Africanictis, Anictis, Asiavorator, Haplogale, Herpestides, Mioprionodon, Moghradictis, Palaeoprionodon, Proailurus, Shandgolictis, Stenogale, and Stenoplesictis.


Herpestides is an extinct genus of terrestrial carnivore that was endemic to North Africa and Southern Europe during the Early Miocene subepoch (22.4—20 mya) and existed for approximately 2.4 million years.


Stenoplesictidae is the name of a family of extinct civet-like animals, such as Stenoplesictis.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.