Anguo (simplified Chinese: 安国; traditional Chinese: 安國; pinyin: Ānguó), nicknamed "Medicine Capital" (药都), is a county-level city under the administration of and 52 kilometres (32 mi) south of Baoding, central Hebei province, China.
It has a provincially protected Temple of the God of Medicine (藥王廟) established around 100.
In premodern China, Anguo was Qizhou (Chinese: 祁州; pinyin: Qízhōu). In 1991, Anguo was changed from county into a city. The city governs 20 town-level entities in 486 km2 (188 sq mi), of which the centrally placed Yaocheng (药城; Yàochéng) is the municipal seat. The Chinese playwright Guan Hanqing was born here.
Temple for the God of Medicine
Location in Baoding
Location in Hebei
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||486 km2 (188 sq mi)|
|Elevation||33 m (107 ft)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Anguo (Chinese: 安國) Chanyu was the son of Yifa Yulüti. He succeeded Tuntuhe in 93 AD and ruled until 94 AD. He was succeeded by Shizi.In 89 AD, Anguo led Xiongnu auxiliaries against the Northern Chanyu in the Battle of the Altai Mountains.Anguo was not a very popular chanyu and the prince Shizi overshadowed him by enthusiastically cooperating with the Han in making attacks on the Northern Xiongnu. Anguo sought to find followers among the northern refugees.In 94 AD, Anguo wrote letters to Emperor He of Han complaining about Emissary Du Chong. Du Chong intercepted the letter and told the court he believed Anguo was planning on assassinating Shizi and other pro-Chinese chieftains. The court ordered an investigation. Du Chong and Zhu Hui led armed men into Anguo's camp. Anguo fled with a number of northern followers and went to attack Shizi, but he fled as well and took refuge at Manbo, the headquarters of the General on the Liao. Anguo was then killed by his own followers. Shizi succeeded him as chanyu, which angered the northerners, who proclaimed Fenghou as chanyu and fled north to set up their own state.Baoding
Baoding (Chinese: 保定; pinyin: Bǎodìng) is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi). Baoding is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.Book of Documents
The Book of Documents (Shujing, earlier Shu-king) or Classic of History, also known as the Shangshu ("Esteemed Documents"), is one of the Five Classics of ancient Chinese literature. It is a collection of rhetorical prose attributed to figures of ancient China, and served as the foundation of Chinese political philosophy for over 2,000 years.
The Book of Documents was the subject of one of China's oldest literary controversies, between proponents of different versions of the text. The "New Text" version was preserved from Qin Shi Huang's burning of books and burying of scholars by scholar Fu Sheng. The longer "Old Text" version was supposedly discovered in the wall of Confucius' family estate in Qufu by his descendant Kong Anguo in the late 2nd century BC, lost at the end of the Han dynasty and rediscovered in the 4th century AD. Over time, the "Old Text" version of the Documents became more widely accepted, until it was established as the imperially sanctioned edition during the early Tang dynasty. This continued until the late 17th century, when the Qing dynasty scholar Yan Ruoqu demonstrated that the additional "Old Text" chapters not contained in the "New Text" version were actually fabrications "reconstructed" in the 3rd or 4th centuries AD.
The chapters are grouped into four sections representing different eras: the semi-mythical reign of Yu the Great, and the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. The Zhou section accounts for over half the text. Some of its New Text chapters are among the earliest examples of Chinese prose, recording speeches from the early years of the Zhou dynasty in the late 11th century BC. Although the other three sections purport to record earlier material, most scholars believe that even the New Text chapters in these sections were composed later than those in the Zhou section, with chapters relating to the earliest periods being as recent as the 4th or 3rd centuries BC.Guan Xing
Guan Xing (fl. third century), courtesy name Anguo, was an official of the state of Shu Han in the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was the second son of Guan Yu and a younger brother of Guan Ping.
Little information about Guan Xing is found in historical records. The biography of Guan Yu in the Records of the Three Kingdoms contains only a few lines on Guan Xing. In his youth, Guan Xing was knowledgeable, and Zhuge Liang saw him as an exceptional talent. When he reached adulthood (around 19 years old), he served as an official in Shu Han, but died some years later. Guan Xing held the peerage of the Marquis of Hanshou Village (漢壽亭侯), which he inherited from his father. His cause of death was not documented. He had two known sons – Guan Tong (關統) and Guan Yi (關彝).Guan Xing appears as a character in the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms, in which he plays a significant role after the death of his father.King Xiaowen of Qin
King Xiaowen of Qin (303–251 BC) was a Chinese king, who had a very brief reign. He is also known as Lord Anguo (安國君). His grandson was Emperor Qin Shi Huang.Kong Anguo
Kong Anguo (Chinese: 孔安國; Wade–Giles: K'ung An-kuo; ca. 156 – ca. 74 BC), courtesy name Ziguo (子國), was a Confucian scholar and government official of the Western Han dynasty of ancient China. A descendant of Confucius, he wrote the Shangshu Kongshi Zhuan, a compilation and commentary of the "Old Text" Shangshu. His work was lost, but a fourth-century forgery was officially recognized as a Confucian classic for over a millennium.Li Feng (Cao Wei)
Li Feng (died 254), courtesy name Anguo, was an official of the state of Cao Wei during the Three Kingdoms period of China. He was a trusted official of the third Wei emperor Cao Fang, and did not follow the regent Sima Shi's wishes.
In 254, in company with Xiahou Xuan and Zhang Ji (張緝), he plotted to kill Sima Shi. However, Sima Shi sensed their scheme and summoned Li Feng to meet him in the palace, where he interrogated Li Feng and killed him. He was then accused of treason and his family members were executed as well.List of administrative divisions of Hebei
The administrative divisions of Hebei, a province of the People's Republic of China, consists of prefecture-level divisions subdivided into county-level divisions then subdivided into township-level divisions.List of fictional people of the Three Kingdoms
The following is a list of fictional people significant to the Three Kingdoms period (220–280) of China. The list includes characters in the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms and those found in other cultural references to the Three Kingdoms period.Lü Buwei
Lü Buwei (291–235 BC) was a politician of the Qin state in the Warring States period of ancient China. Originally an influential merchant from the Wey (衛) state, Lü Buwei met and befriended King Zhuangxiang of Qin, who was then a minor prince serving as a hostage in the Zhao state. Through bribes and machinations, Lü Buwei succeeded in helping King Zhuangxiang become the heir apparent to the Qin throne. In 249 BC, after King Zhuangxiang ascended the throne following the death of his father, King Xiaowen, he appointed Lü Buwei as his chancellor (相國) and ennobled him as "Marquis Wenxin" (文信侯). After King Zhuangxiang's death in 247 BC, Lü Buwei became the chancellor and regent to King Zhuangxiang's young son, Ying Zheng, who later became Qin Shi Huang (First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty).
In 235 BC, after being implicated in a scandal involving the Queen Dowager Zhao (Ying Zheng's mother) and her illicit lover Lao Ai, Lü Buwei was stripped of his posts and titles and was banished to the remote Shu region in the south of Qin. While in exile, Lü Buwei committed suicide by consuming poison. Apart from his political career, Lü Buwei is also known for sponsoring the Lüshi Chunqiu, an encyclopaedic compendium of the ideas of the Hundred Schools of Thought that was published in 239 BC.Qi Prefecture (Hebei)
Qizhou or Qi Prefecture (祁州) was a zhou (prefecture) in imperial China centering on modern Anguo, Hebei, China. It existed from 893 until 1913.Roman Catholic Diocese of Anguo
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Anguo (Latin: Ngancuoven(sis), Chinese: 安國) is a diocese located in the city of Anguo in the Ecclesiastical province of Beijing in China.Shizi (chanyu)
Tingdu Shizhu Houdi (Chinese: 亭獨尸逐侯鞮), personal name Shizi (Chinese: 師子), was the son of Xitong Shizhu Houti. He succeeded Anguo Chanyu in 94 AD and ruled until 98 AD. He was succeeded by Wanshishizhudi.Shizi commanded Southern Xiongnu cavalry forces against the Northern Chanyu from 89 to 91 AD. He was highly popular with the Southern Xiongnu for his tenacious oppression of the northerners.In 94 AD, Anguo Chanyu was pressured into attacking Shizi, who took refuge with the General on the Liao. When the attack failed, Anguo's followers killed him. Shizi became chanyu and took the tile of Tingdu Shizhu Houti. Many of the northern refugees did not like this however and attacked Shizi and Du Chong, who took refugee in a herding office before Han forces arrived and drove the northerners away. The northern refugees proclaimed Fenghou as their chanyu and fled across the frontier.Shizi planned on arresting the subordinate king Wujuzhan, a friend of Anguo, who he suspected of planning his assassination. Wujuzhan fled into the hill country where he launched raids into Han territory. He was killed by Han forces in 96 AD.Shizi died in 98 AD and was succeeded by his cousin Wanshishizhudi.Siwa culture
The Siwa culture (Chinese: 寺洼文化; pinyin: Sìwā wénhuà) was a Bronze Age culture in southeast Gansu Province, China. It was discovered by Swedish geologist Johan Gunnar Andersson in 1924 at Mount Siwa (寺洼山) in Lintao County, hence its name. It flourished circa 14th to 11th century BC, it is tentatively attributed to the cultures of the Di (氐) and Qiang (羌) peoples.Sun Sheng (Jin dynasty)
Sun Sheng (ca. 302–373), courtesy name Anguo, was a Jin dynasty historian. He was a native of Pingyao County, Jinzhong, Shanxi. He was described to be very studious, and was never seen without holding a book in his hand from his youth to his old age.Tuntuhe
Tuntuhe (Chinese: 屯屠何), the Xiulan Shizhu Houdi Chanyu (Chinese: 休蘭尸逐侯鞮單于), was the son of Sutuhu. He succeeded Yitu Yulüti in 88 AD and ruled until his death in 93 AD. He was succeeded by his cousin Anguo.Seeing the turmoil in the north after the Xianbei had killed the Northern Xiongnu Chanyu Youliu, Tuntuhe proposed to the Han dynasty a decisive campaign to take over the steppe. In the summer of 89 AD, General Dou Xian led an army of 45,000 Han, Qiang, and Xiongnu into the north. A detachment to the northwest successfully defeated the Northern Chanyu at the Battle of the Altai Mountains while the main column burned the sacred sight of Longcheng in the modern Orkhon Valley.In the spring of 90 AD, Geng Tan and Shizi attacked the Northern Chanyu again, killing 8,000 of his followers and capturing his consort Lady Yan as well as five of his children. The Northern Chanyu was driven further west to take refuge with the Wusun in 91 AD by Geng Kui, at which point he disappears from history.In the spring of 92 AD, Dou Xian set up Yuchujian as chanyu of the north, which offended Tuntuhe. However Yuchujian died in the autumn of 93 AD under obscure circumstances, making Tuntuhe the sole chanyu of all the Xiongnu. He died shortly after and was succeeded by his cousin Anguo.Zhang Yan (Han dynasty)
Zhang Yan (pronunciation ) (fl. 180s–205), born Chu Yan, also known as Zhang Feiyan, was the leader of the Heishan bandits during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China.Zhao Xing
Zhao Xing (Chinese: 趙興, pinyin: Zhào Xīng, Cantonese: Zīu6 Hing1, Vietnamese: Triệu Hưng, ? – 112 BC), was the second son of Zhao Yingqi and the fourth ruler of Nanyue (Vietnamese: Nam Việt). His rule began in 115 BC and ended with his death in 112 BC. In Vietnamese history, he is considered a king of Vietnam.
In 113 BC, Emperor Wu of Han sent Anguo Shaoji (安國少季) to summon Zhao Xing and the Queen Dowager Jiu to Chang'an for an audience with the Emperor. The Queen Dowager Jiu, who was Han Chinese, was regarded as a foreigner by the Nanyue people, and it was widely rumored that she had an illicit relationship with Anguo Shaoji before she married Zhao Yingqi. When Anguo arrived, quite a number of people believed the two resumed their relationship. The Queen Dowager feared that there would be a revolt against her authority so she urged the king and his ministers to seek closer times to the Han. Xing agreed to and proposed that relations between Nanyue and the Han should be normalized with a triennial journey to the Han court as well as the removal of custom barriers along the border.The prime minister Lü Jia (呂嘉) held military power and his family was more well connected than either the king or the Queen Dowager. According to the Shiji and Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Lü Jia was chief of a Lạc Việt tribe, related to King Qin of Cangwu by marriage, and over 70 of his kinsmen served as officials in various parts of the Nanyue court. Lü refused to meet the Han envoys which angered the Queen Dowager. She tried to kill him at a banquet but was stopped by Xing. The Queen Dowager tried to gather enough support at court to kill Lü in the following months, but her reputation this.When news of the situation reached Emperor Wu of Han in 112 BC, he ordered Zhuang Can to lead a 2,000 men expedition to Nanyue. However Zhuang refused to accept the mission, declaring that it was illogical to send so many men under the pretext of peace, but so few to enforce the might of the Han. The former prime minister of Jibei, Han Qianqiu (韓千秋), offered to lead the expedition and arrest Lü Jia. When Han crossed the Han-Nanyue border, Lü conducted a coup, killing Xing, Queen Dowager Jiu and all the Han emissaries in the capital. Xing's brother, Zhao Jiande, was declared the new king.The Temple name of Zhao Xing was not mentioned in both Shiji and Hanshu. But according to the Vietnamese historical text Đại Việt sử ký toàn thư, Zhao Xing's Posthumous name was Ai Vương (哀王, pinyin: Āi Wáng).Zishou Miaozong
Zishou Miaozong (資壽妙總; 1095–1170) was a Chinese Zen master and poet. Her grandfather Su Song (1020-1101) was a chancellor. She studied with Zhenxie Qingliao and Dahui Zonggao, who named her Wuzhuo ("No attachment"). This became the basis of the name by which she would later be known: Wuzhuo Daoren, "Woman of the way no attachments". She served on order of magistrate Zhang Anguo abbess and Zen teacher of the Ceshou nunnery.