Ang Lee

Ang Lee OBS (Chinese: 李安; pinyin: Lǐ Ān; born 23 October 1954) is a Taiwanese film director and screenwriter.[1][2] Lee's work is known for its emotional charge, which critics believe is responsible for his success in offsetting cultural barriers and achieving international recognition.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Lee's earlier films, such as The Wedding Banquet, Pushing Hands, and Eat Drink Man Woman, explored the relationships and conflicts between tradition and modernity, Eastern and Western. Soon after, Lee arrived in Hollywood with his first film Sense and Sensibility. Lee also deals heavily with repressed, hidden emotions in many of his films, including Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, The Ice Storm, Hulk, Sense and Sensibility, Life of Pi, and Brokeback Mountain.

Lee has won three Academy Awards, out of nine nominations. He won two Academy Awards for Best Director, for his work on Brokeback Mountain and Life of Pi, becoming the first non-white person to win the award. He also won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which he also received nominations for Best Picture and Best Director.

Ang Lee
Ang Lee - 66ème Festival de Venise (Mostra)
Born23 October 1954 (age 64)
ResidenceLarchmont, New York, U.S.
NationalityTaiwanese
EducationUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (BA)
New York University (MFA)
Occupation
  • Director
  • producer
  • screenwriter
Years active1982–present
Notable work
Spouse(s)
Jane Lin (林惠嘉) (m. 1983)
Children
Ang Lee
Li An (Chinese characters)
"Ang Lee (Li An)" in Chinese characters
Chinese李安

Early life

Childhood and education

Ang Lee was born in a Waishengren family, in a military dependents' village of the Republic of China Armed Forces, located at Chaochou, Pingtung,[10] a southern agricultural county in Taiwan. Both of Lee's parents moved from Jiangxi province in Mainland China to Taiwan, following the end of the Chinese civil war in 1949. He grew up in a household that put heavy emphasis on education.[11]

Lee studied in the Provincial Tainan First Senior High School (now National Tainan First Senior High School) where his father was the principal. He was expected to pass the annual Joint College/University Entrance Examination, the only route to a university education in Republic of China. But after failing the exam twice, to the disappointment of his father, he entered a three-year college, the National Arts School (now reorganized and expanded as National Taiwan University of Arts), and graduated in 1975. His father had wanted him to become a professor, but he had become interested in drama and the arts at college. This early frustration set his career on the path of performance art. Seeing Ingmar Bergman's film The Virgin Spring (1960) was a formative experience for him.[12]

After finishing his mandatory military service in the Republic of China Navy (ROCN), Lee went to the US in 1979 to study at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he completed his bachelor's degree in theater in 1980. Originally, Lee was interested in acting, but his challenges with speaking English made it difficult and he quickly turned to directing.[13] At UIUC, Lee met his future wife Jane Lin (Chinese: 林惠嘉; pinyin: Lín Huìjiā), also a student from Republic of China, who pursued her Ph.D. degree. Thereupon, he enrolled at the Tisch School of the Arts of New York University, where he received his MFA in film production. He was a classmate of Spike Lee and worked on the crew of his thesis film, Joe's Bed-Stuy Barbershop: We Cut Heads.

During graduate school, Lee finished a 16mm short film, Shades of the Lake (1982), which won the Best Drama Award in Short Film in Taiwan. His own thesis work, a 43-minute drama, Fine Line (1984), won NYU's Wasserman Award for Outstanding Direction and was later selected for the Public Broadcasting Service.

Life after graduation

Lee's NYU thesis drew attention from the William Morris Agency, the famous talent and literary agency that later represented Lee. At first, though, WMA found Lee few opportunities, and Lee remained unemployed for six years. During this time, he was a full-time house-husband, while his wife Jane Lin, a molecular biologist, was the sole breadwinner for the family of four. This arrangement put enormous pressure on the couple, but with Lin's support and understanding, Lee did not abandon his career in film but continued to generate new ideas from movies and performances. He also wrote several screenplays during this time.[14]

In 1990, Lee submitted two screenplays, Pushing Hands and The Wedding Banquet, to a competition sponsored by Government Information Office of R.O.C., and they came in first and second, respectively. The winning screenplays brought Lee to the attention of Hsu Li-kong (Chinese: 徐立功; pinyin: Xú Lìgōng), a recently promoted senior manager in a major studio who had a strong interest in Lee's unique style and freshness. Hsu, a first-time producer, invited Lee to direct Pushing Hands, a full-length feature that debuted in 1991.

Career

Debut from Taiwan

The 'Father Knows Best' trilogy

Pushing Hands (1991) was a success in Taiwan both among critics and at the box office. It received eight nominations in the Golden Horse Film Festival, Taiwan's premier film festival. Inspired by the success, Hsu Li-kong collaborated with Lee in their second film, The Wedding Banquet (1993), which won the Golden Bear at the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival[15] and was nominated as the Best Foreign Language Film[16] in both the Golden Globe and the Academy Awards. In all, this film collected eleven Taiwanese and international awards and made Lee a rising star. These first two movies were based on stories of Chinese Americans, and both were filmed in the US.

In 1994, Hsu invited Lee to return to Republic of China to make Eat Drink Man Woman, a film that depicts traditional values, modern relationships, and family conflicts in Taipei. The film was a box office hit and was critically acclaimed. For a second consecutive year, Lee's film received the Best Foreign Language Film nomination in both the Golden Globe and Academy Awards, as well as in the British Academy Award. Eat Drink Man Woman won five awards in Taiwan and internationally, including the Best Director from Independent Spirit.

The three films show the Confucian family at risk and star the Chinese actor Sihung Lung to form what has been called Lee's "Father Knows Best" trilogy.[17]

Arrival in Hollywood

Sense and Sensibility

In 1995, Lee directed Columbia TriStar's British classic Sense and Sensibility. This made Lee a second-time winner of the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival. It was nominated for seven Academy Awards, and won Best Adapted Screenplay for screenwriter Emma Thompson, who also starred in the movie alongside Alan Rickman, Hugh Grant and Kate Winslet. Sense and Sensibility also won the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture - Drama. Thompson has described the experience of working with Lee in his first English language film, noting how taken aback Lee was when the actors asked questions or provided suggestions, something Thompson notes as uncommon in Chinese culture. Once this disjuncture was bridged, Thompson remembered having "the most wonderful time because his notes were so brutal and funny."[18]

After this, Lee directed two more Hollywood movies: The Ice Storm (1997), a drama set in 1970s suburban America, and Ride with the Devil (1999), an American Civil War drama. Although the critics still highly praised these latter two films, they were not particularly successful at the box office, and for a time this interrupted Lee's unbroken popularity – from both general audiences and arthouse aficionados – since his first full-length movie. However, in the late 1990s and 2000s, The Ice Storm had high VHS and DVD sales and rentals and repeated screenings on cable television, which has increased the film's popularity among audiences.

1999 onward

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

In 1999, Hsu Li-kong, Lee's old partner and supporter, invited him to make a movie based on the traditional "wuxia" genre concerning the adventures of martial artists in ancient China. Excited about the opportunity to fulfill his childhood dream, Lee assembled a team from the United States, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Mainland China for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000). The film was a surprising success worldwide. With Chinese dialogue and English subtitles, the film became the highest grossing foreign film in many countries, including the United States and the United Kingdom, and was nominated in 10 categories at the Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Foreign Language Film, and Best Director. It ended up winning Best Foreign Language Film and three technical awards. The success of Crouching Tiger demonstrated that Lee's artistry had a general appeal; it also inspired such established directors as Zhang Yimou and Chen Kaige to explore wuxia films for Western audiences.

Hulk

In 2003, Lee returned to Hollywood to direct Hulk, his second big-budget movie after the disappointment of Ride with the Devil's restricted release. The film received mixed reviews while being a financial success, grossing over $245 million at the box office. After the setback, Lee considered retiring early, but his father encouraged him to continue making movies.

Brokeback Mountain

Lee decided to take on a small-budget, low-profile independent film based on Annie Proulx's Pulitzer Prize-finalist short story, Brokeback Mountain. In a 2005 article[19] by Robert K. Elder, Lee was quoted as saying, "What do I know about gay ranch hands in Wyoming?" In spite of the director's distance from the subject at hand, Brokeback Mountain showcased Lee's skills in probing the depths of the human heart. The 2005 movie about the forbidden love between two Wyoming sheepherders immediately caught public attention and became a cultural phenomenon, initiating intense debates and becoming a box office hit.

The film was critically acclaimed at major international film festivals and won Lee numerous Best Director and Best Picture awards worldwide. Brokeback Mountain was the most acclaimed film of 2005, winning 71 awards and an additional 52 nominations. It won the Golden Lion (best film) award at the Venice International Film Festival and was named 2005's best film by the Los Angeles, New York, Boston, and London film critics. It also won best picture at the 2005 Broadcast Film Critics Association, Directors Guild of America, Writers Guild of America (Adapted Screenplay), Producers Guild of America and the Independent Spirit Awards as well as the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama, with Lee winning the Golden Globe Award for Best Director. Brokeback Mountain also won Best Film and Best Director at the 2006 British Academy Awards (BAFTA). Brokeback Mountain was nominated for a leading eight Oscars and was the front runner for Best Picture heading into the 5 March ceremony, but lost out to Crash, a story about race relations in Los Angeles, in a controversial upset. He became the first non-white person to win the Best Director at the Academy Awards (when he won again for Life of Pi, he became the second non-white person to win). In 2006, following his Best Director Oscar, Ang Lee was bestowed the Order of Brilliant Star with Grand Cordon, the second highest civilian honour, by the R.O.C. government.[20]

Lust, Caution

His next film was Lust, Caution, which was adapted from a short novel by the Chinese author Eileen Chang. The story was written in 1950, and was loosely based on an actual event that took place in 1939–1940 in Japanese-occupied Shanghai, China, during World War II. Similar to Brokeback Mountain, Ang Lee adapted and expanded a short, simple story into a feature film in a way that allows individual figures to develop sophisticated layers of reserved emotions, without being sidetracked by complicated plots or overstuffed material.

Lust, Caution was distributed by Focus Features and premiered at international film festivals in the summer and early fall of 2007. In the U.S., the movie received a NC-17 rating (no one 17 and under admitted) from the MPAA mainly due to several strongly explicit sex scenes. This was a challenge to the film's distribution because many theater chains in the United States refuse to show NC-17 films. The director and film studio decided not to appeal the decision. Lee removed 9 minutes from the film to make the content suitable for minor audiences in order to be permitted to show Lust, Caution in mainland China.[21]

Lust, Caution captured the Golden Lion from the 2007 Biennale Venice Film Festival, making Lee the winner of the highest prize for the second time in three years (Lee is one of only four filmmakers to have won the Golden Lion twice). When Lust, Caution was played in Lee's native Taiwan in its original full-length edition, it was very well received. Staying in Taiwan to promote the film and to participate in a traditional holiday, Lee got emotional when he found that his work was widely applauded by fellow Taiwanese. Lee admitted that he had low expectations for this film from the U.S. audience since "its pace, its film language;– it's all very Chinese."[22] The film was ignored by the Oscars, receiving zero nominations. It was snubbed from consideration in the Best Foreign Language Film category; after being officially submitted by Taiwan, the Academy ruled that an insufficient number of Taiwanese nationals had participated in the production, thus disqualifying it from further consideration.

Lee was chosen as president of the jury for the 2009 edition of the Venice Film Festival that took place from 2 to 12 September 2009.[23]

Life of Pi

Lee's next film after 2009's Taking Woodstock was Life of Pi, which was adapted from the novel of the same name written by Yann Martel.

The story was a retrospective first-person narrative from Pi, a then 16-year-old boy from India, who is the only human to survive the sinking of a freighter on the way from India to Canada. He finds himself on a lifeboat with an orangutan, a hyena, a wounded zebra and a Bengal tiger.[24] During this unlikely journey, young Pi questions his belief in God and the meaning of life. The novel was once considered impossible to make into a movie, but Lee persuaded 20th Century Fox to invest $120 million and heavily relied on 3D special effects in post-production. Unlike most other sci-fi precedents, Lee explores the artistic horizon of applying 3D effects and pushes the boundary of how this technology can serve the movie's artistic vision. The movie made its commercial premiere during the Thanksgiving weekend of 2012 in the US and worldwide and became a critical and box office success. In January 2013, Life of Pi earned 11 Academy Award nominations, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Visual Effects.[25] He went on to win the Academy Award for Best Director.

In 2013, he was selected as a member of the main competition jury at the 2013 Cannes Film Festival.[26]

Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk

Lee next directed Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk based on the novel of the same name. It was his first film since winning the Oscar for Best Director for Life of Pi. The film was released in November 2016, and received a mixed response from audiences and critics alike and was a box office failure.

Upcoming Projects

Thrilla in Manila

In 2013, Ang Lee began development on the project with a screenplay written by Peter Morgan, but later put it on hold in 2014 in order to make Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk.[27][28] In December 2015, it was announced that the project, tentatively titled Thrilla in Manila, would be his next film after Gemini Man. David Oyelowo and Ray Fisher are reportedly Lee's top choices for the leading roles.[29]

Gemini Man

In April 2017, Ang Lee began discussions with Skydance Media to helm a sci-fi action film that follows a senior NSA official being hunted by a young clone of himself right as he is about to retire from the agency.[30] The film is set to star Will Smith in the lead role with a release date set for 4 October 2019.[31] In January 2018, it was announced that Clive Owen and Mary Elizabeth Winstead had been cast as the antagonist and female lead respectively.

Directing for television

In March 2013, it was announced that Lee would direct a television pilot for the drama series Tyrant, created by Gideon Raff and developed by Howard Gordon and Craig Wright. Production was scheduled for the summer of 2013 for the FX series.[32] However, Lee decided to quit the project to take a break from his hectic schedule.[33]

Recurring collaborators

Ang Lee has had a career-long collaboration with producer and screenwriter James Schamus[34] and editor Tim Squyres. He has also worked several times with music composer Mychael Danna and a few times with Danny Elfman.[b]

Year Title James Schamus Tim Squyres Mychael Danna Danny Elfman
Producer Writer Editor Music Music
1991 Pushing Hands[35] Yes Yes Yes
1993 The Wedding Banquet Yes Yes Yes
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman Yes Yes Yes
1995 Sense and Sensibility Yes Yes
1997 The Ice Storm Yes Yes Yes Yes
1999 Ride with the Devil Yes Yes Yes Yes
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Yes Yes Yes
2003 Hulk Yes Yes Yes Yes
2005 Brokeback Mountain Yes
2007 Lust, Caution Yes Yes Yes
2009 Taking Woodstock Yes Yes Yes Yes
2012 Life of Pi Yes Yes
2016 Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk Yes Yes

Personal life

Lee lives in Larchmont, in Westchester County, New York, with his wife Jane Lin, a microbiologist, whom he married in 1983. They have two sons, Haan (born 1984), and Mason (born 1990).[36] Lee is sometimes described as a naturalized US citizen,[37][38][39] but has said he is a permanent resident of United States.[40][41] Lee stated that he believes in the Taoist-Buddha.[42]

Filmography

Lee has been involved in the process of filmmaking in various capacities, though the highlight of his career and legacy is his directorial work. The following are Lee's various credits.

Year Film
Director Producer Writer Notes
1991 Pushing Hands Yes Yes Also editor
1993 The Wedding Banquet Yes Yes
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman Yes Yes Also editor
1995 Sense and Sensibility Yes
Siao Yu Yes Yes
1997 The Ice Storm Yes
1999 Ride with the Devil Yes
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Yes Yes
2002 Chosen Yes Segment from the BMW short film series The Hire
2003 Hulk Yes
2005 Brokeback Mountain Yes
2007 Lust, Caution Yes Yes
2009 Taking Woodstock Yes Yes
2012 Life of Pi Yes Yes
2016 Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk Yes Yes
2019 Gemini Man Yes

Acting credits

Year Film Role Notes
1993 The Wedding Banquet Wedding guest Cameo
1998 The Candidate Hsu Giu Jing's childhood friend
2007 Hollywood Chinese Himself Documentary

Accolades

Academy Awards

Best Foreign Language Film

Year Nominated work Result
1993 The Wedding Banquet Nominated
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman Nominated
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won

Best Picture

Year Nominated work Result
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Nominated
2005 Brokeback Mountain Nominated
2012 Life of Pi Nominated

Best Director

Year Nominated work Result
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Nominated
2005 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Won

Golden Globe Awards

Best Foreign Language Film

Year Nominated work Result
1993 The Wedding Banquet Nominated
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman Nominated
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2007 Lust, Caution Nominated

Best Motion Picture - Drama

Year Nominated work Result
1996 Sense and Sensibility Won
2006 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated

Best Director

Year Nominated work Result
1995 Sense and Sensibility Nominated
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2005 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated

British Academy Film Awards

Best Film Not in the English Language

Year Nominated work Result
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman Nominated
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2007 Lust, Caution Nominated

Best Film

Year Nominated work Result
1995 Sense and Sensibility Won
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Nominated
2012 Life of Pi Nominated

Best Director

Year Nominated work Result
1995 Sense and Sensibility Nominated
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2005 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated

Other Awards

Award Category Year Title Result
Cannes Film Festival Golden Palm 1997 The Ice Storm Nominated
2009 Taking Woodstock Nominated
Berlin International Film Festival Golden Berlin Bear 1993 The Wedding Banquet Won
1996 Sense and Sensibility Won
Venice Film Festival Golden Lion 2005 Brokeback Mountain Won
2007 Lust, Caution Won
Producers Guild of America Award PGA Award – Motion Pictures 2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Nominated
2006 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated
Critics' Choice Award Best Director 2006 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated
Directors Guild of America Award DGA Award – Motion Pictures 1996 Sense and Sensibility Nominated
2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2006 Brokeback Mountain Won
2012 Life of Pi Nominated
Independent Spirit Awards Best Feature 1994 The Wedding Banquet Nominated
2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
Best Director 1994 The Wedding Banquet Nominated
1995 Eat Drink Man Woman Nominated
2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
2006 Brokeback Mountain Won
Best Screenplay 1994 The Wedding Banquet Nominated
1995 Eat Drink Man Woman Nominated
NBR Award Best Director 1995 Sense and Sensibility Won
2005 Brokeback Mountain Won
Saturn Award Best Direction 2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Nominated
2012 Life of Pi Nominated
Best Action or Adventure Film 2001 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Won
Best Science Fiction Film 2003 Hulk Nominated
Best Fantasy Film 2012 Life of Pi Won
AACTA Awards Best Direction – International 2012 Life of Pi Nominated

Awards received by Lee's Movies

Year Film Academy Awards BAFTA Awards Golden Globe Awards
Nominations Wins Nominations Wins Nominations Wins
1993 The Wedding Banquet 1 1
1994 Eat Drink Man Woman 1 1 1
1995 Sense and Sensibility 7 1 12 3 6 2
1997 The Ice Storm 2 1 1
2000 Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon 10 4 14 4 3 2
2005 Brokeback Mountain 8 3 9 4 7 4
2007 Lust, Caution 2 1
2012 Life of Pi 11 4 9 2 3 1
Total 38 12 49 14 23 9

Notes

  • a.^ In the 2007 book The Cinema of Ang Lee: The Other Side of the Screen, Whitney Crothers Dilley has analyzed in detail the striking diversity of Lee's films, as well as Lee's recurring themes of alienation, marginalization, and repression.[43] Many of Lee's films, particularly his early Chinese trilogy, have also focused on the interactions between modernity and tradition.
  • b.^ Mychael Danna was originally hired to score Hulk, but he was removed from the project, apparently at the request of the studio, and another composer completed the final score. Ang Lee spoke publicly about this in 2012 at a director's roundtable, calling it the moment he regretted most in his career. Danna subsequently received his first Oscar nomination and went on to win that award for scoring Life of Pi, his first reunion with Lee since that time.

References

  1. ^ Williams, Sarah (20 February 2013). "'Life of Pi's Ang Lee Conquers Anti-Asian Bias". Voice of America. Retrieved 20 February 2013. Like many Asian-Americans in Hollywood's film industry, Chinese-born American film director Ang Lee struggled for acceptance early in his career.
  2. ^ Corliss, Richard (20 November 2012). "Ang Lee's Life of Pi: Storm and Fang, Water and Wonder". Time. Retrieved 20 November 2012. The Chinese-born American director mastered the nuances of 19th-century English manners in Sense and Sensibility, set martial-artist adversaries to dancing on tree tops in Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon and sold the mainstream audience on the love story of two cowboys in Brokeback Mountain.
  3. ^ "Life of Pi - film that transcends global emotions". indiatimes.com. 27 September 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Speaking a Universal Language: Director Ang Lee". gotoread.com. Archived from the original on 5 May 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
  5. ^ "Ang Lee and His Thoughts". asian-nation.org. 28 December 2005. Retrieved 28 December 2005.
  6. ^ Phippen, Richard (18 November 2008). "Ang Lee's Hulk - FOR (& Against)". sky.com. Archived from the original on 3 December 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2008.
  7. ^ "The Western look Ang Lee: everywhere, nor sets traces". best-news.us. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
  8. ^ "Kevin Kline, Ang Lee, and Sigourney Weaver on "The Ice Storm"". filmscouts.com. 4 June 2010. Archived from the original on 25 February 2010. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
  9. ^ Sabine, Cheng & Lilian, Wu (1 October 2016). "Ang Lee speaks of his attachment to Taiwan". Focus Taiwan.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ Ho Yi. Family and friends praise Ang Lee's quiet dedication. Taipei Times. 7 March 2006.
  11. ^ Lipworth, Elaine (26 April 2013). "Ang Lee: My family values". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  12. ^ Interview from Studio 360 Archived 11 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ HBO Directors Dialogues: Ang Lee. 5 October 2012 – via YouTube.
  14. ^ "Ang Lee: A Never-Ending Dream". gotoread.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  15. ^ berlinale.de http://www.berlinale.de/en/archiv/jahresarchive/1993/03_preistr_ger_1993/03_Preistraeger_1993.html. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  16. ^ "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  17. ^ Wei Ming Dariotis, Eileen Fung, "Breaking the Soy Sauce Jar: Diaspora and Displacement in the Films of Ang Lee," in Hsiao-peng Lu, ed., Transnational Chinese Cinemas: Identity, Nationhood, Gender (Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 1997), p. 242.
  18. ^ "Emma Thompson: A Life in Pictures". BAFTA Guru. 24 November 2014. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  19. ^ "Lee sees his `Brokeback Mountain' as a unifying force". Chicago Tribune. 9 September 2015.
  20. ^ "Presidential Office mulling honor for Ang Lee". Focus Taiwan News Channel. 23 February 2013.
  21. ^ AFP (11 September 2007). "Ang Lee bows to China and self-censors award-winning film". Yahoo! News.
  22. ^ Min Lee, Associated Press (23 September 2007). "Ang Lee: Don't expect much from 'Lust, Caution'". USA Today.
  23. ^ "Ang Lee to head Venice festival". BBC News. 27 February 2009. Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2009.
  24. ^ "Life of Pi". ComingSoon.net. Retrieved 2 June 2011.
  25. ^ "Life of pi succession".
  26. ^ Saperstein, Pat (23 April 2013). "Nicole Kidman, Christopher Waltz, Ang Lee Among Cannes Jury Members". Variety. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 23 April 2013.
  27. ^ "Ang Lee's Next Film Is A 3D Drama About Boxing History". 8 August 2013. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  28. ^ "The Unfortunate Reason Ang Lee's Groundbreaking Ali/Frazier Biopic Might Not Happen". 15 September 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  29. ^ "Ang Lee's 3D 'Thrilla in Manila' Boxing Movie Is Back On". ScreenCrush. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  30. ^ Cabin, Chris (22 April 2017). "Ang Lee Eyed to Direct Twisty Actioner 'Gemini Man' for Skydance". Collider.
  31. ^ Lee, Ashley (6 July 2017). "Ang Lee's 'Gemini Man' Gets October 2019 Release". The Hollywood Reporter.
  32. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (14 March 2013). "Ang Lee to Direct FX Drama Pilot 'Tyrant'". FX press release. TV by the Numbers. Retrieved 14 March 2013.
  33. ^ "Ang Lee walks away from debut TV project". msn.com. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  34. ^ "Lee, Schamus Discuss Film Collaborations". Archived from the original on 27 March 2009.
  35. ^ https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0105652/
  36. ^ Frey, Jennifer (25 November 2007). "A Chicken Coop, but No Tigers". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
  37. ^ Frater, Patrick (4 October 2007). "Taiwan breaking the arthouse mold". Variety.
  38. ^ Abramowitz, Rachel (27 August 2009). "Ang Lee, hippie?". Los Angeles Times.
  39. ^ "Ang Lee 'very satisfied' new film shown in entirety". The China Post. Archived from the original on 21 February 2012.
  40. ^ "戰爭人性與電影科技 李安:視覺對我是信仰 [Humanity during War and Film Technologies: Interview of Ang Lee]". 中天的夢想驛站 (in Standard Chinese). 12 November 2016. Event occurs at 23:20. CtiTV. 我很想跟他們講其實我也沒有入美國籍,我拿的還是綠卡。(I want to tell them that I am not naturalized. I still hold the green card.)CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  41. ^ Dilley, Whitney Crothers (23 December 2014). The Cinema of Ang Lee: The Other Side of the Screen 2nd Edition. Wallflower Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0231167734.
  42. ^ Ebert, Roger (17 November 2012). "Ang Lee: Of water and Pi - Interviews". Roger Ebert. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Melancholic nostalgia pervades life in front of Ang Lee's lens". Taipei Times. 16 December 2007.

Further reading

External links

43rd Berlin International Film Festival

The 43rd annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 11 to 22 February 1993. The Golden Bear was awarded to American-Taiwanese film The Wedding Banquet directed by Ang Lee and Chinese film Xiāng hún nǚ directed by Xie Fei. The retrospective dedicated to CinemaScope was shown at the festival.

46th Berlin International Film Festival

The 46th annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 15 to 26 February 1996. The Golden Bear was awarded to British-American film Sense and Sensibility directed by Ang Lee. The retrospective dedicated to American film director, producer and screenwriter William Wyler was shown at the festival.

54th British Academy Film Awards

The 54th British Academy Film Awards, given by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts, took place on 25 February 2001 and honoured the best films of 2000.

Ridley Scott's Gladiator won Best Film, while Ang Lee won Best Director for Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (Wo hu cang long). Billy Elliot was voted Best British Film of 2000, and the film's lead actor, Jamie Bell, won Best Actor in a Leading Role. In addition, Julia Roberts won Best Actress in a Leading Role for her role in Erin Brockovich, Benicio del Toro won Best Actor in a Supporting Role for Traffic, and Julie Walters won Best Actress in a Supporting Role for Billy Elliot.

BAFTA Award for Best Direction

Winners of the BAFTA Award for Best Direction presented by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. John Schlesinger, Roman Polanski, Woody Allen, Alan Parker, Louis Malle, Joel Coen, Peter Weir , Ang Lee and Alfonso Cuarón tie for the most wins in this category, with two each. Martin Scorsese holds the record for most nominations, with nine.

Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk (film)

Billy Lynn's Long Halftime Walk is a 2016 war drama film directed by Ang Lee and written by Jean-Christophe Castelli, based on the 2012 eponymous novel by Ben Fountain. The film stars Joe Alwyn, Kristen Stewart, Garrett Hedlund, Vin Diesel, Steve Martin, and Chris Tucker. Principal photography began in early April 2015 in Georgia. The film is a co-production between the United States, United Kingdom, and China.The film had its world premiere at the 54th New York Film Festival on October 14, 2016, and was theatrically released in the United States on November 11, 2016, by TriStar Pictures. It had high production costs associated with being the first ever feature film using an extra-high frame rate of 120 frames per second, further complicated by the 3D format, at 4K HD resolution. It received mixed reviews from critics and was a box-office bomb, grossing just $30 million worldwide against its $40 million budget.

Brokeback Mountain

Brokeback Mountain is a 2005 American romantic drama film directed by Ang Lee and produced by Diana Ossana and James Schamus. Adapted from the 1997 short story of the same name by Annie Proulx, the screenplay was written by Ossana and Larry McMurtry. The film stars Heath Ledger, Jake Gyllenhaal, Anne Hathaway, and Michelle Williams, and depicts the complex emotional and sexual relationship between Ennis Del Mar and Jack Twist in the American West from 1963 to 1983.The film received critical acclaim and commercial success. It won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival, Best Picture and Best Director at the British Academy Film Awards, Golden Globe Awards, Producers Guild of America Awards, Critics' Choice Movie Awards, and Independent Spirit Awards, among others. The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards, the most nominations at the 78th Academy Awards, where it won three—Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Original Score—though it lost the Best Picture award to Crash in a controversial Oscars upset.In 2018, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". It is currently the most recent film chosen to be in the Registry.

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon

Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon (simplified Chinese: 卧虎藏龙; traditional Chinese: 臥虎藏龍) is a 2000 wuxia film directed by Ang Lee and written by Wang Hui-ling, James Schamus and Tsai Kuo Jung, based on the Chinese novel by Wang Dulu. The film features an international cast of Chinese actors, including Chow Yun-fat, Michelle Yeoh, Zhang Ziyi and Chang Chen.

A multinational venture, the film was made on a US$17 million budget, and was produced by Asian Union Film & Entertainment, China Film Co-Productions Corporation, Columbia Pictures Film Production Asia, Edko Films, Good Machine International, and Zoom Hunt Productions. With dialogue in Mandarin, subtitled for various markets, Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon became a surprise international success, grossing $213.5 million worldwide. It grossed US$128 million in the United States, becoming the highest-grossing foreign-language film produced overseas in American history.Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon has won over 40 awards, and was nominated for 10 Academy Awards, including Best Picture, and won Best Foreign Language Film (Taiwan), Best Art Direction, Best Original Score and Best Cinematography, receiving the most nominations ever for a non-English language film at the time (Roma has since tied this record). The film also won four BAFTAs and two Golden Globe Awards, one for Best Foreign Film. Along with its awards success, Crouching Tiger continues to be hailed as one of the greatest and most influential martial arts films. The film has been praised for its story, direction, and cinematography, and for its martial arts sequences.

Eat Drink Man Woman

Eat Drink Man Woman (traditional Chinese: 飲食男女; simplified Chinese: 饮食男女) is a 1994 Taiwanese comedy-drama film directed by Ang Lee and starring Sihung Lung, Yu-wen Wang, Chien-lien Wu, and Kuei-mei Yang. The film was released on 3 August 1994, and it was both a critical and box office success. In 1994, the film received the Asia Pacific Film Festival Award for Best Film, and in 1995 it received an Academy Award Nomination for Best Foreign Language Film.The title is a quote from the Book of Rites, one of the Confucian classics, referring to the basic human desires and accepting them as natural. The beginning of the quote reads as follows: “The things which men greatly desire are comprehended in meat and drink and sexual pleasure; […]” (Translation by James Legge), Chinese:「飲食男女,人之大欲存焉」.Many of the cast members had appeared in Ang Lee's previous films. Sihung Lung and Ah Lei Gua played central elderly figures dealing with the transition from tradition to modernity in The Wedding Banquet, in which Winston Chao also starred. Sihung Lung played an immigrant father in Pushing Hands. These three films show the tensions between the generations of a Confucian family, between East and West, and between tradition and modernity. They form what has been called Lee's "Father Knows Best" trilogy.

Gemini Man (film)

Gemini Man is an upcoming American science fiction film directed by Ang Lee and written by David Benioff, Billy Ray, and Darren Lemke. The film stars Will Smith, Mary Elizabeth Winstead, Benedict Wong, and Clive Owen, and follows an aging hitman who is targeted by a younger clone of himself.

Originally conceived in 1997, the film went through development hell for nearly 20 years. Several directors, including Tony Scott, Curtis Hanson and Joe Carnahan, were all attached at some point and numerous actors, including Harrison Ford, Mel Gibson, Clint Eastwood, and Sean Connery, were set to star. In 2016, Skydance Media purchased the rights to the screenplay (which had been through several rewrites) from Walt Disney Pictures, and in October 2017 Ang Lee signed on to direct. Filming took place from February through May 2018.

Gemini Man is scheduled to be released in the United States on October 11, 2019 by Paramount Pictures.

Golden Lion

The Golden Lion (Italian: Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most prestigious and distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice). Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cup) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

Hulk (film)

Hulk is a 2003 American superhero film based on the fictional Marvel Comics character of the same name directed by Ang Lee which stars Eric Bana as the title character, Jennifer Connelly as Betty Ross, Sam Elliott as General Thaddeus E. "Thunderbolt" Ross, Josh Lucas, and Nick Nolte as Bruce's father. The film explores the origins of Bruce Banner, who after a lab accident involving gamma radiation finds himself able to turn into a huge green-skinned monster whenever he is emotionally provoked or stressed, while he is pursued by the United States military and comes into a conflict with his biological father, who has his own dark agenda for his son.

Development for the film started as far back as 1990. The film was at one point to be directed by Joe Johnston and then Jonathan Hensleigh. More scripts had been written by Hensleigh, John Turman, Michael France, Zak Penn (who would go on to write The Incredible Hulk), J. J. Abrams, Scott Alexander and Larry Karaszewski, Michael Tolkin, and David Hayter before Ang Lee and James Schamus' involvement. Hulk was shot mostly in California, primarily in the San Francisco Bay Area.

Hulk was a commercial success, grossing over $245 million worldwide, higher than its $137 million budget. However, it received mixed reviews from critics and audiences with criticism for its CGI aspects, pacing, bleak tone and lack of action though it was praised for its ambition, performances and complexity (especially compared to other superhero films at the time). A reboot, titled The Incredible Hulk, was released on June 13, 2008 as the second film of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

Life of Pi (film)

Life of Pi is a 2012 survival drama film based on Yann Martel's 2001 novel of the same name. Directed by Ang Lee, the film's adapted screenplay was written by David Magee, and it stars Suraj Sharma, Irrfan Khan, Rafe Spall, Tabu Hashmi, Adil Hussain, and Gérard Depardieu. The storyline revolves around an Indian man named "Pi" Patel, telling a novelist about his life story, and how at 16 he survives a shipwreck and is adrift in the Pacific Ocean on a lifeboat with a Bengal tiger. The film had its worldwide premiere as the opening film of the 51st New York Film Festival at both the Walter Reade Theater and Alice Tully Hall in New York City on September 28, 2012.Life of Pi emerged as a critical and commercial success, earning over US$609 million worldwide. It was nominated for three Golden Globe Awards which included the Best Picture – Drama and the Best Director and won the Golden Globe Award for Best Original Score. At the 85th Academy Awards it had eleven nominations, including Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay, and won four (the most for the event) including Best Director for Ang Lee.

Lust, Caution

Lust, Caution (Chinese: 色,戒; pinyin: Sè, Jiè; Jyutping: Sik1Gaai3) is a 2007 espionage erotic period drama film directed by Ang Lee, based on the 1979 novella by Eileen Chang. The story is mostly set in Hong Kong in 1938 and in Shanghai in 1942, when it was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army and ruled by the puppet government led by Wang Jingwei. It depicts a group of Chinese university students from the Lingnan University who plot to assassinate a high-ranking special agent and recruiter working for the puppet government, by using one of their group, an attractive young woman, to lure him into a honey trap. The film is generally accepted to be based on the historical event of Chinese spy Zheng Pingru's failed attempt to assassinate the Japanese collaborator Ding Mocun.With this film, Lee won the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Film Festival for the second time, the first being with Brokeback Mountain. The film adaptation and the story are loosely based on events that took place during the Japanese occupation of Shanghai. The film's explicit sex scenes resulted in the film being rated NC-17 in the United States.

Peter Pau

Peter Pau Tak-Hei (Chinese: 鮑德熹, born 1951) is a Hong Kong cinematographer and film director, best known to western audiences as for his work on Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon, for which he won the Academy Award for Best Cinematographer in 2000. One of Hong Kong's premier cinematographers, he has collaborated with directors John Woo, Ronny Yu, Ang Lee, Tsui Hark, and Wong Kar-wai.

Pau is a member of the Hong Kong Society of Cinematographers. The asteroid 34420 Peterpau was named in his honour in early 2006. His older sister is Hong Kong Film Awards best actress winner Paw Hee-Ching.

Pushing Hands (film)

Pushing Hands (Chinese: 推手; pinyin: tuī shǒu) is a film directed by Ang Lee. Released in 1991, it was his first feature film. Together with Ang Lee's two following films, The Wedding Banquet (1993) and Eat Drink Man Woman (1994), it forms his "Father Knows Best" trilogy, each of which deals with conflicts between an older and more traditional generation and their children as they confront a world of change.

The film was first released in Taiwan. After The Wedding Banquet and Eat Drink Man Woman became successful in the United States, Pushing Hands received a U.S. release.

Sense and Sensibility (film)

Sense and Sensibility is a 1995 American period drama film directed by Ang Lee and based on Jane Austen's 1811 novel of the same name. Emma Thompson wrote the screenplay and stars as Elinor Dashwood, while Kate Winslet plays Elinor's younger sister Marianne. The story follows the Dashwood sisters, members of a wealthy English family of landed gentry, as they must deal with circumstances of sudden destitution. They are forced to seek financial security through marriage. Hugh Grant and Alan Rickman play their respective suitors. The film was released on December 13, 1995, in the United States.

Producer Lindsay Doran, a longtime admirer of Austen's novel, hired Thompson to write the screenplay, who spent five years drafting numerous revisions, continually working on the script between other films as well as into production of the film itself. Studios were nervous that Thompson – a first-time screenwriter – was the credited writer, but Columbia Pictures agreed to distribute the film. Though initially intending to have another actress portray Elinor, Thompson was persuaded to take the role.

Thompson's screenplay exaggerated the Dashwood family's wealth to make their later scenes of poverty more apparent to modern audiences. It also altered the traits of the male leads to make them more appealing to contemporary viewers. Elinor and Marianne's different characteristics were emphasised through imagery and invented scenes. Lee was selected as director, both due to his work in the 1993 film The Wedding Banquet and because Doran believed he would help the film appeal to a wider audience. Lee was given a budget of $16 million.

A commercial success, earning $135 million worldwide, the film garnered overwhelmingly positive reviews upon release and received many accolades, including three awards and eleven nominations at the 1995 British Academy Film Awards. It earned seven Academy Awards nominations, including for Best Picture and Best Actress. Thompson received the award for Best Adapted Screenplay, becoming the only person to have won Academy Awards for both acting and screenwriting. Sense and Sensibility contributed to a resurgence in popularity for Austen's works, and has led to many more productions in similar genres. It persists in being recognised as one of the best Austen adaptations of all time.

Taking Woodstock

Taking Woodstock is a 2009 American comedy-drama film about the Woodstock Festival of 1969, directed by Ang Lee. The screenplay by James Schamus is based on the memoir Taking Woodstock: A True Story of a Riot, a Concert, and a Life by Elliot Tiber and Tom Monte.The film premiered at the 2009 Cannes Film Festival, and opened in New York and Los Angeles on August 26, 2009, before its wide theatrical release two days later.

The Ice Storm (film)

The Ice Storm is a 1997 American drama film directed by Ang Lee, based on Rick Moody’s 1994 novel of the same name.

The film features an ensemble cast of Kevin Kline, Joan Allen, Tobey Maguire, Christina Ricci, Elijah Wood, Katie Holmes, Glenn Fitzgerald, Jamey Sheridan, and Sigourney Weaver. Set during Thanksgiving 1973, The Ice Storm is about two dysfunctional New Canaan, Connecticut upper-class families who are trying to deal with tumultuous social changes of the early 1970s, and their escapism through alcohol, adultery, and sexual experimentation.

The film opened in the United States on September 26, 1997. Its release was limited and it ultimately grossed US$8 million on a budget of US$18 million. A special two-disc DVD set was released as part of the Criterion Collection on March 18, 2008.

The Wedding Banquet

The Wedding Banquet (Chinese: 喜宴; pinyin: Xǐyàn; Wade–Giles: Hsi yen) is a 1993 romantic comedy film directed by Ang Lee and starring Winston Chao, May Chin, Gua Ah-leh, Sihung Lung, and Mitchell Lichtenstein. The screenplay concerns a gay Taiwanese immigrant man who marries a mainland Chinese woman to placate his parents and get her a green card. His plan backfires when his parents arrive in the United States to plan his wedding banquet and he has to hide the truth of his partner.

The Wedding Banquet is a co-production between Taiwan and the United States.

Together with Pushing Hands and Eat Drink Man Woman, all made in Taiwan, all showing the Confucian family at risk, and all starring the Taiwanese actor Sihung Lung, it forms what has been called Lee's "Father Knows Best" trilogy.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinLǐ Ān
Wade–GilesLi3 An1
IPA[lì án]
Yue: Cantonese
Yale RomanizationLéih Ōn
IPA[le̬i ɔ́ːn]
JyutpingLei5 On1
Southern Min
Hokkien POJLí An
Films directed by Ang Lee
Awards for Ang Lee

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