Andrew Zorard

Saint Andrew Zorard (Polish: Andrzej Świerad, Żurawek, Żórawek, Świrad, and Wszechrad; Slovak: Svorad, Czech: Sverad; German: Zoërard, Latin: Zoerardus) was a Benedictine monk, now venerated as a saint.

Saint Andrew Zorard
Andreas Svorad
Bornc. 980
Opatowiec, Kazimierza, Poland
Diedc. 1009
Mount Zobor, Tribeč, Kingdom of Hungary (today: Slovakia)
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Church[1]
Canonized1083 by Pope Gregory VII
Major shrineSt. Emmeram's Cathedral
FeastJune 13 (in Poland), July 17 (in Slovakia)
PatronageHungary, Diocese of Nitra, Diocese of Tarnów, St. Andrew Abbey in Cleveland

Life

Zorard was born around 980 in Opatowiec, a small village in Poland. A tradition in the small village of Tropie holds that in his youth he lived near there as a monk. At around the year 1000, at about the age of 20, he began living as a hermit and a missionary, evangelizing in Olawa, Silesia (modern Poland). At some time, he also traveled to northern Hungary (Slovakia)

Around the year 1003 Zorard settled in Hungary, becoming a Benedictine monk at the St. Hippolytus Monastery on Mount Zobor near Nitra - then part of the Kingdom of Hungary. [2] He took the name "Andrew". There he became the spiritual guide of Benedict of Szkalka. Andrew and Benedict, with the permission of their superior Philip, later left the monastery and became hermits in a cave along the Vág River near Trenčín in modern Skalka nad Váhom. Andrew died of natural causes around 1009. He practiced such severe austerities that, according to legend, the iron chain, which he wore wrapped around the belt, eventually grew into his body.[2]

Benedict continued to live in the cave for three years until he was murdered by a gang of thieves looking for treasure. In 1083 Andrew's relics were transferred to St. Emmeram's Cathedral in Nitra where they remain to this day. A biography of Benedict and Andrew was written by St. Maurus, Bishop of Pécs, in which it says that Svorad led a hermit life living in a small cave near the monastery. The cave has since been called Svoradova.

Feast Day and veneration

Saint Svorad.

Andrew is venerated especially in Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland, but also in the United States. His feast day is 17 July, but in some calendars he is venerated together with Benedict on 13 June.

King Géza I of Hungary declared him one of the patron saints of Hungary.

Andrew died around 1009. Duke Geza of Nitra, as early as 1064, took the first steps towards his canonization, although this first Slovak cult of the saint was officially confirmed in July 1083 by Pope Gregory VII, thanks to the Hungarian King Ladislaus I. Andrew's remains are stored in the Cathedral of St. Emeráma in Nitra.

References

  1. ^ Phillips, Fr Andrew. "Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome". orthodoxengland.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-12-30.
  2. ^ a b "Santi Andrea Zoerard e Benedetto su santiebeati.it". Santiebeati.it. Retrieved 2018-02-12.

Further reading

  • Hoffmann H.: Die Heilige Zoerad. Archiv für schlesische Kirchengeschichte 3. 1938, p. 283-286.
  • Semkowicz Władysław: Andrzej Świerad. In: Polski Słownik Biograficzny. Vol. 1. 1935, p. 100-101.
  • Silnicki T.: Dzieje Kościoła na Śląsku. Warszawa 1953, p. 25, 94.
  • Wędzki Andrzej: Andrzej-Świerad. In: Słownik Starożytności Słowiańskich. Vol. 1961, p. 24-25.
  • Wojciechowski Tadeusz: Eremici reguły św. Romualda. In: Szkice historyczne XI wieku. Kraków 1904, p. 53-58.

External links

Astronomical clock

An astronomical clock, horologium, or orloj is a clock with special mechanisms and dials to display astronomical information, such as the relative positions of the sun, moon, zodiacal constellations, and sometimes major planets.

Benedict of Szkalka

Benedict of Szkalka or Skalka (10th century –d. 1012), born Stojislav in Nitra (Nyitra), Hungarian Kingdom, was a Benedictine monk, now venerated as a saint.

General Roman Calendar of 1960

This article lists the feast days of the General Roman Calendar as reformed on 23 July 1960 by Pope John XXIII's motu proprio Rubricarum instructum. This 1960 calendar was incorporated into the 1962 edition of the Roman Missal, continued use of which Pope Benedict XVI authorized in his 7 July 2007 motu proprio Summorum Pontificum as an "extraordinary form of the Roman Rite".

Rubricarum instructum replaced the former classifications of Doubles, Semidoubles, and Simples with I, II, and III class feasts and commemorations. It removed a few feasts, in particular duplications such as the Feast of the Cross (3 May and 14 September), the Chair of Peter (18 January and 22 February), Saint Peter (1 August and 29 June), Saint John the Evangelist (6 May and 27 December), Saint Michael (8 May and 29 September), and Saint Stephen (3 August and 26 December).

This calendar is distinct from the General Roman Calendar of 1954 in that it also incorporates the changes made by Pope Pius XII in 1955, which included the reduction of octaves to three only, those of Christmas, Easter and Pentecost. See General Roman Calendar of Pope Pius XII.

July 17

July 17 is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 167 days remain until the end of the year.

July 17 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

July 16 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 18

All fixed commemorations below are celebrated on July 30 by Old Calendar.For July 17th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on July 4.

List of Catholic saints

This is an incomplete list of people and angels whom the Catholic Church has canonized as saints. According to Catholic theology, all saints enjoy the beatific vision; it is impossible therefore for any list to enumerate them all. Many of the saints listed here are to be found in the General Roman Calendar, while others may also be found in the Roman Martyrology; still others are particular to local places and their recognition does not extend to the larger worldwide church.

Candidates go through the following steps on the way to being declared saints.

Saints acknowledged by the Eastern Orthodox and other churches are listed in Category:Christian saints by century and/or Category:Christian saints by nationality.

This list of Catholic saints is ordered chronologically by date of death.

List of canonizations

On 22 January 1588, with the Apostolic Constitution Immensa Aeterni Dei, Pope Sixtus V created the Sacred Congregation of Rites to regulate divine worship and to deal with the causes of saints.

May 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

Apr. 30 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - May 2.

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on May 14 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.For May 1st, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 18.

Patron saints of places

The idea of assigning a patron saint to a certain locality harks back to the ancient tutelary deities. This is a list of patron saints of places by nation, region, and town/city. If a place is not listed here, it may be listed in "Patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary".

Saint Maurus of Pécs

Saint Maurus of Pécs or Mór (Hungarian: Mór pécsi püspök) was the first known prelate who was born in the Kingdom of Hungary. He was abbot of the Benedictine Abbey of Pannonhalma between around 1029 and 1036, and bishop of Pécs from year 1036 until his death around year 1075. He wrote the Legend of Saints Benedict and Andrew Zorard, two hermits who lived in the region of Nyitra (Nitra, Slovakia). Maurus's own cult was confirmed by Pope Pius IX in 1848.

Stará Bystrica

Stará Bystrica is a village and municipality in Čadca District in the Žilina Region of Northern Slovakia. It is the home to the world's youngest astronomical clock, completed in 2009.

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