Andrew L. Harris

Andrew Lintner Harris (also known as The Farmer-Statesman) (November 17, 1835 – September 13, 1915) was one of the heroes of the Battle of Gettysburg during the American Civil War and served as the 44th Governor of Ohio.

Andrew Lintner Harris
Andrew Lintner Harris - oval
44th Governor of Ohio
In office
June 18, 1906 – January 11, 1909
Preceded byJohn M. Pattison
Succeeded byJudson Harmon
29th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 8, 1906 – June 18, 1906
GovernorJohn M. Pattison
Preceded byWarren G. Harding
Succeeded byFrancis W. Treadway
23rd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
In office
January 11, 1892 – January 13, 1896
GovernorWilliam McKinley
Preceded byWilliam V. Marquis
Succeeded byAsa W. Jones
Member of the Ohio Senate
from the 3rd district
In office
January 1, 1866 – January 5, 1868
Preceded byLewis B. Gunckel
Succeeded byJonathan Kenney
Personal details
BornNovember 17, 1835
Milford Township, Ohio
DiedSeptember 13, 1915 (aged 79)
Eaton, Ohio
Resting placeMound Hill Cemetery, Eaton, Ohio
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Caroline Conger
Childrenone
Military service
AllegianceUnited States of America
Union
Service/branchUnited States Army
Union Army
RankUnion Army colonel rank insignia.png Colonel
Union Army brigadier general rank insignia.svg Bvt. Brigadier General
Commands75th Ohio Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Biography

Harris was born in Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio, and was educated in the local schools. After graduating from Miami University in 1860, Harris enlisted as a private in the Union Army. Harris was married at West Florence, Ohio to Caroline Conger[1] of Preble County, Ohio on October 17, 1865. They had one son.[2][3]

Career

He quickly rose to the rank of Colonel of the 75th Ohio Infantry, seeing action in many of the Army of the Potomac's engagements. At Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, he led his men in a successful withdrawal through the hotly contested streets to Cemetery Hill, where they entrenched on the northeastern slope. Assuming command of a brigade, Harris played a key role in delaying repeated attacks the next day by Harry T. Hays's famed Louisiana Tigers, helping secure the critical hill for George G. Meade. Harris continued to lead troops through the war, although he suffered an embarrassing defeat in August 1864 at the Battle of Gainesville in Florida. When the war ended he was brevetted a Brigadier General of Volunteers.

An attorney, Harris began practicing law in 1865 and then served in the Ohio State Senate from 1866 to 1870 and as Preble County Probate Judge from 1875 to 1882. Harris served as the 23rd and 29th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio having been elected in 1891 and 1893 as the running mate of William McKinley, and again in 1905, when Democrat John M. Pattison was elected governor. An early temperance activist and Republican politician, Harris succeeded Pattison (upon the latter's death in June 1906) as governor, serving from 1906 to 1909. He was renominated in 1908, but lost narrowly to Judson Harmon in the gubernatorial election. While in office, Harris signed legislation banning corporate political donations. Harris also served on the U.S. Industrial Commission on Trusts under President McKinley.

Honors

Per state law, U.S. 127 between Hamilton and Eaton was renamed the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway. At the Milford Township Bicentennial in 2005, the Gov. Andrew L. Harris Bicentennial Roadway was dedicated by the Governor's relative, James Brodbelt Harris, president of the family reunion association and whose family continues to own an Ohio Century Farm in the township.

Death

Harris died of heart trouble on September 13, 1915,[1] and is interred in Mound Hill Union Cemetery, Eaton, Preble County, Ohio US.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b "Andrew L. Harris". Ohio Fundamental Documents. Archived from the original on December 5, 2013. Retrieved August 30, 2012.
  2. ^ Taylor, William Alexander (1909). Centennial history of Columbus and Franklin County, Ohio. 2. Chicago: S J Clarke Publishing Company. pp. 322–324.
  3. ^ The National cyclopaedia of American biography: being the history ... Supplement I. New York: James T White and Company. 1910. p. 226.
  4. ^ Spencer, Thomas E. (1998). Where they're buried : a directory containing more than twenty thousand names of notable persons buried in American cemeteries, with listings of many prominent people who were cremated. Clearfield Co. p. 429. ISBN 9780806348230.

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
William V. Marquis
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1892–1896
Succeeded by
Asa W. Jones
Preceded by
Warren G. Harding
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
1906
Succeeded by
Francis W. Treadway
Preceded by
John M. Pattison
Governor of Ohio
1906–1909
Succeeded by
Judson Harmon
Party political offices
Preceded by
Myron T. Herrick
Republican Party nominee for Governor of Ohio
1908
Succeeded by
Warren G. Harding
1906 in the United States

Events from the year 1906 in the United States.

Battle of East Cemetery Hill

The battle of East Cemetery Hill during the American Civil War was a military engagement on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg, in which an attack of the Confederacy's Louisiana Tigers Brigade and a brigade led by Colonel Robert Hoke was repelled by the forces of Colonel Andrew L. Harris and Colonel Leopold von Gilsa of the XI Corps (Union Army), plus reinforcements. The site is on Cemetery Hill's east-northeast slope, east of the summit of the Baltimore Pike.

Confederate General Robert E. Lee assigned Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Second Corps to launch a demonstration against the Union right to distract the Army of the Potomac during Longstreet's attack to the south-southwest (Hood's Assault, McLaws' Assault, and Anderson's assault). Ewell was to exploit any success his demonstration might achieve by following up with a full-scale attack at his discretion. Preceded by a 4 p.m. artillery barrage from Benner Hill, the demonstration's infantry attack commenced with Johnson's Assault on Culp's Hill. The Union artillery lunettes on East Cemetery Hill provided protection from the barrage, and the counterbattery fire on Ewell's 4 batteries forced them to withdraw with heavy casualties (e.g., Major Joseph W. Latimer).

Battle of Gainesville

The Battle of Gainesville was fought on August 17, 1864, when a Confederate force defeated Union detachments from Jacksonville, Florida. The result of the battle was the Confederate occupation of Gainesville for the remainder of the war.

Charles C. Green

Charles Cameron Green (April 6, 1873 – September 7, 1940) was a Republican politician in the U.S. state of Ohio appointed to fill the position of Ohio State Treasurer for a few weeks 1908-1909 after the incumbent died.

Francis W. Treadway

Francis Wilcox Treadway (January 7, 1869 – December 24, 1925) was an American politician who served as the 30th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1909 to 1911.

GJA3

Gap junction alpha-3 protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GJA3 gene.

GJB4

Gap junction beta-4 protein (GJB4), also known as connexin 30.3 (Cx30.3) — is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GJB4 gene.

GJD2

Gap junction delta-2 protein (GJD2) also known as connexin-36 (Cx36) or gap junction alpha-9 protein (GJA9) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GJD2 gene.

Industrial Commission

The Industrial Commission was a United States government body in existence from 1898 to 1902. It was appointed by President William McKinley to investigate railroad pricing policy, industrial concentration, and the impact of immigration on labor markets, and make recommendations to the President and Congress. McKinley and the Commissioners launched the trust-busting era. The Industrial Commission included McKinley's Ohio running mate, Commissioner Andrew L. Harris (a Governor of Ohio and Civil War General) who served as Chair of the Agriculture Subcommittee, and prominent Senators and Congressmen. After McKinley was assassinated in 1901, President Theodore Roosevelt heeded the advice of the Commissioners and further regulated the large trusts. Roosevelt became known as the nation's toughest trust-buster.

James McBride (pioneer)

James McBride (1788–1859) was a prominent pioneer statesman in Butler County, Ohio. He was Hamilton's first Mayor, and a prominent State Representative associated with the canals, archaeologist who supplied a considerable number of sketches of earthworks for early texts on the Mississippi Valley, Ohio's leading pioneer author and antiquarian, Miami University Secretary and President of the Board of Trustees, Butler County's fifth Sheriff, a surveyor, and an officer of other various entities. James McBride married the daughter of Judge Lytle, of the Lytle family of the Ohio River Valley, and was through her kinsman with Sen. Homer T. Bone, and Governor of Ohio Andrew L. Harris. McBride's son in law was Roger N. Stembel, a commander of the Pacific Fleet.

McBride became an ardent convert to John C. Symmes' Hollow Earth theory, and wrote a book in support of it in 1826.

List of Governors of Ohio

The Governor of the State of Ohio is the head of the executive branch of the Government of Ohio and the commander-in-chief of the U.S. state's military forces. The officeholder has a duty to enforce state laws, the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Ohio General Assembly, the power to convene the legislature and the power to grant pardons, except in cases of treason and impeachment.There have been 63 governors of Ohio, serving 69 distinct terms. The longest term was held by Jim Rhodes, who was elected four times and served just under sixteen years in two non-consecutive periods of two terms each (1963–1971 and 1975–1983). The shortest terms were held by John William Brown and Nancy Hollister, who each served for only 11 days after the governors preceding them resigned in order to begin the terms to which they had been elected in the United States Senate; the shortest-serving elected governor was John M. Pattison, who died in office five months into his term. The current governor is Republican Mike DeWine, who took office on January 14, 2019.

List of Lieutenant Governors of Ohio

The position of lieutenant governor of Ohio was established in 1852. The lieutenant governor becomes governor if the governor resigns, dies in office or is removed by impeachment. Before 1852, the president of the Ohio State Senate would serve as acting governor if a vacancy in the governorship occurred. Until 1978, lieutenant governors were elected separately but concurrently with the governor (not on a "ticket"). Thus, there were several occasions when the lieutenant governor was from a different party than the governor. This was changed by constitutional amendment. In 1974, Richard F. Celeste was the last lieutenant governor to be elected separately. In 1978, George Voinovich became the first lieutenant governor to be elected on the same ticket with the governor.

From 1852 to 1979, the lieutenant governor also served as the president of the Ohio State Senate. More recently, Ohio governors have generally named the lieutenant governor to head an agency of state government. An example of this is Bruce Edward Johnson, who served as Director of the Ohio Department of Development, as did his successor, Lee Fisher. Current Lt. Governor Mary Taylor was the director of the Ohio Department of Insurance, until she was replaced by Jillian Froment in 2017.

The 28th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, Warren G. Harding, later served as 29th President of the United States.

List of Ohio's American Civil War generals

See also Ohio in the American Civil War

During the American Civil War, Ohio contributed a large number of officers, politicians, and troops to the Union war effort.

The following is a partial list of generals or rear admirals either born in Ohio or living in Ohio when they joined the Army or Navy (or in a few cases, men who were buried in Ohio following the war, although they did not directly serve in Ohio units). There were 134 men given the temporary rank of brevet brigadier general, a few of whom are also included in this listing.

In addition, the following Ohioans served as generals in the Confederate States Army:

Charles Clark

Robert H. Hatton

Bushrod Johnson

Philip N. Luckett

Roswell S. Ripley

Otho F. Strahl

Milford Township, Butler County, Ohio

Milford Township, one of thirteen townships in the county, is located in north-central Butler County, Ohio, United States, between Oxford and Middletown. The township had a population of 3,550 at the 2010 census, up from 3,254 in 2000. Excluding the now-defunct village of Somerville, 3,269 people lived in the unincorporated part of the township.

It comprises one entire survey township in the Congress Lands and has an area of 37 square miles (96 km2). The township was named by Robert Lytle, the township justice of the peace and county judge who was the great-grandfather of a famous Milford Township native, Governor Andrew L. Harris. Statewide, other Milford Townships are located in Defiance and Knox counties.

Ohio lieutenant gubernatorial elections

The voters of the U.S. state of Ohio elect a lieutenant governor for a four-year term. Starting in 1978, the lieutenant governor is elected in tandem with the governor—votes earned on a governor-lieutenant governor ticket are indicated in parenthses.

Political party strength in Ohio

The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Ohio:

Governor

Lieutenant Governor

Attorney General

Secretary of State

State Treasurer

State AuditorThe table also indicates the historical party composition in the:

State Senate

State House of Representatives

State Supreme Court

State delegation to the U.S. Senate

State delegation to the U.S. House of RepresentativesFor years in which a presidential election was held, the table indicates which party's nominees received the state's electoral votes. Also indicated is the party that controlled the Ohio Apportionment Board, which draws legislative districts for the Ohio General Assembly in the years following the United States Census.

The parties are as follows: Democratic (D), Democratic-Republican (DR), Federalist (F), no party (N), National Republican (NR), Republican (R), Whig (W), and a tie or coalition within a group of elected officials.

Preble County, Ohio

Preble County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,270. Its county seat is Eaton. The county was formed on February 15, 1808 from portions of Butler and Montgomery Counties. It is named for Edward Preble, a naval officer who fought in the American Revolutionary War and against the Barbary Pirates.

William V. Marquis

William Vance Marquis (May 1, 1828 – December 17, 1899) was an American politician who served as the 22nd Lieutenant Governor of Ohio from 1890 to 1892 under Governor James E. Campbell.

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