Andrew Breitbart

Andrew James Breitbart (/ˈbraɪtbɑːrt/; February 1, 1969 – March 1, 2012) was an American conservative publisher,[1] writer and commentator.

After helping in the early stages of The Huffington Post[2] and the Drudge Report,[3] Breitbart created Breitbart News, a news and right-wing opinion website, along with multiple other "BIG" sites - BIGHollywood, BIGGovernment, BIGJournalism. He played central roles in the Anthony Weiner sexting scandal, the firing of Shirley Sherrod, and the ACORN 2009 undercover videos controversy.[4] Commenters such as Nick Gillespie and Conor Friedersdorf have credited Breitbart with changing how people wrote about politics by "show[ing] how the Internet could be used to route around information bottlenecks imposed by official spokesmen and legacy news outlets"[5] and "wield[ing] a rhetorical flamethrower in the culture wars" by using his own personal experiences and opinions as the basis for his media career.[6]

Andrew Breitbart
Andrew Breitbart by Gage Skidmore 2
Breitbart at CPAC in 2012
Born
Andrew James Breitbart

February 1, 1969
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
DiedMarch 1, 2012 (aged 43)
Resting placeHillside Memorial Park Cemetery
Alma materTulane University (B.A.)
OccupationWriter, columnist, journalist, publisher
Home townBrentwood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Susannah Bean (m. 1997)
Children4
Websitewww.breitbart.com

Early life

Breitbart was born in Los Angeles, California, on February 1, 1969.[7] He was the adopted son of Gerald and Arlene Breitbart, a restaurant owner and banker respectively, and grew up in the affluent neighborhood of Brentwood, Los Angeles.[8] He was adopted at three weeks old and raised Jewish.[9] His biological parents had been Irish American.[8] He said that his birth certificate indicated his biological father was a folk singer. His adoptive mother had converted to Judaism when marrying his adoptive father.[10][11] Breitbart studied at Hebrew school and had a Bar Mitzvah.[12] Theologically he was an agnostic.[10]

Breitbart attended Brentwood School, one of the country's top private schools, but did not distinguish himself, saying: "My sense of humor saved me".[10] However, he discovered that he loved writing, publishing his first comedic piece in the school newspaper, the Brentwood Eagle, analyzing the inequality in his high school's senior and junior parking lots: "One had Mercedes and BMWs, the other Sciroccos and GTIs.""[10] Breitbart remembers his upbringing as apolitical, except in one instance: when the family's rabbi tried to defend Jesse Jackson against charges of antisemitism after his "Hymietown" comment, his parents left the synagogue in protest.[10]

Breitbart would remain "proudly and playfully Jewish" throughout his life, although not always religiously observant. He would sing Hebrew songs at work while also teasing his Orthodox Jewish colleagues for keeping a kosher diet.[13] Joel Pollak wrote: "He carried his faith as he carried all his convictions: with a lighthearted touch but a deep commitment."[13] Breitbart later said of his profession: "I'm glad I've become a journalist because I'd like to fight on behalf of the Israeli people... And the Israeli people, I adore and I love."[13][14]

While in high school, Breitbart worked as a pizza delivery driver; he sometimes delivered to celebrities such as Judge Reinhold.[15] He earned a BA in American studies from Tulane University in 1991, graduating with "no sense of [his] future whatsoever."[16] His early jobs included a stint at cable channel E! Entertainment Television, working for the company's online magazine, and some time in film production.[11]

Previously left-leaning in his politics, Breitbart changed his political views after experiencing "an epiphany" while watching the late 1991 confirmation hearings for Supreme Court justice Clarence Thomas, due to what he considered unfounded attacks on the part of liberals based on former employee Anita Hill's sexual harassment accusations.[17] Breitbart later described himself as "a Reagan conservative" with libertarian sympathies.[1]

Listening to radio hosts such as Rush Limbaugh helped Breitbart refine his political and philosophical positions, igniting an interest in learning that he had suppressed as a result of his distaste for the "nihilistic musings of dead critical theorists"[18] that had dominated his studies at Tulane. In this era, Breitbart also read Camille Paglia's book Sexual Personae (1990), a massive survey of Western art, literature and culture from ancient Egypt to the 20th century, which, he wrote, "made me realize how little I really had learned in college."[18]

Public life

Authorship, research, and reporting

Breitbart has been lauded for his role in the "evolution of pioneering websites" including The Huffington Post and The Drudge Report, and more recently his "Big" sites. Journalists such as Nick Gillespie and Conor Friedersdorf have credited Breitbart with bringing new voices to debates about politics and culture. Breitbart told Reason in 2004 that after feeling ignored by existing outlets, "We decided to go out and create our media." Described as "a series of do-it-yourself demonstration projects" and "conversation pits", the Breitbart websites have been both criticized and praised for their role in various political issues.[6][19] Breitbart has been recognized for adopting an inclusive stance with regard to LGBT participation in the conservative movement. He has also been credited with helping to derail conspiracy theories about Barack Obama's citizenship.[6]

In 1995, Breitbart saw The Drudge Report and was so impressed that he e-mailed Matt Drudge. Breitbart said, "I thought what he was doing was by far the coolest thing on the Internet. And I still do."[2] Breitbart described himself as "Matt Drudge's bitch"[20] and selected and posted links to other news wire sources. Later, Drudge introduced him to a still-Republican Arianna Huffington[11] and Breitbart subsequently assisted in the creation of The Huffington Post.[21]

Breitbart wrote a weekly column for The Washington Times, which also appeared at Real Clear Politics. Breitbart also co-wrote the book Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon with Mark Ebner, a book that is highly critical of U.S. celebrity culture.[22] On January 19, 2011, the conservative gay rights group GOProud announced Breitbart had joined its Advisory Council.[23]

In April 2011, Grand Central Publishing released Breitbart's book Righteous Indignation: Excuse Me While I Save the World, in which he discussed his own political evolution and the part he took in the rise of new media, most notably at the Drudge Report and The Huffington Post.

In June 2011, Breitbart's websites broke the story that congressman Anthony Weiner was sending women revealing photographs of himself.[24]

Breitbart.com

Breitbart launched his first website as a news site; it is often linked to by the Drudge Report and other websites. It has wire stories from the Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse, Fox News, PR Newswire, and U.S. Newswire, as well as direct links to a number of major international newspapers. Its political viewpoint as well as its audience runs to the right within the U.S. political spectrum.[25] In 2007, Breitbart launched a video blog, Breitbart.tv.[26]

In 2011, Breitbart and one of his editors Larry O'Connor were sued for defamation by Shirley Sherrod, who had been fired after Breitbart posted a video of a speech given by Sherrod. The video had been selectively edited to suggest that she had purposely discriminated against a white farmer, while in reality the unedited video told the story of how she had helped that farmer.[27][28] In July 2015, it was reported that Sherrod and Breitbart's estate had reached a tentative settlement.[28] It was reported October 1, 2016, that the lawsuit was settled.[29]

Commentaries

In 2009, Breitbart appeared as a commentator on Real Time with Bill Maher and Dennis Miller.[30] In 2004, he was a guest commentator on Fox News Channel's morning show and frequently appeared as a guest panelist on Fox News's late night program, Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. Breitbart also appeared as a commentator in the 2004 documentary Michael Moore Hates America.[31]

On October 22, 2009, Breitbart appeared on the C-SPAN program Washington Journal. He gave his opinions on the mainstream media, Hollywood, the Obama Administration and his personal political views, having heated debates with several callers.[1]

In the hours immediately following Senator Ted Kennedy's death, Breitbart called Kennedy a "villain", a "duplicitous bastard", a "prick"[32] and "a special pile of human excrement," adding, "Sorry, he destroyed lives. And he knew it," referring to Kennedy's actions during the Chappaquiddick incident, the Robert Bork Supreme Court nomination, and the Clarence Thomas Supreme Court nomination.[33][34]

In February 2010, Breitbart received the Reed Irvine Accuracy in Media Award during the Conservative Political Action Conference in Washington, D.C. During his acceptance speech, he responded directly to accusations by The New York Times reporter Kate Zernike that Jason Mattera, a young conservative activist, had been using "racial tones" in his allusions to President Barack Obama, and had spoken in a "Chris Rock voice". From the podium, Breitbart called Zernike "a despicable human being" for having made such allegations about what, according to him, was just Mattera's Brooklyn accent.[35] At the same conference, Breitbart was also filmed saying to journalist Max Blumenthal that he found him to be "a jerk" and "a despicable human being" over a blog entry in which Blumenthal accused Breitbart of employing a racist.[36] Blumenthal was referring to James O'Keefe over his having attended a Georgetown Law Center discussion on race featuring Kevin Martin, John Derbyshire, and Jared Taylor, the last of whom founded American Renaissance, an online magazine widely considered white supremacist. Neither O'Keefe nor Breitbart endorsed Taylor's views.

In 2011, Breitbart said that "of course" Donald Trump was not a conservative, adding:

But this is a message to those candidates who are languishing at 2 percent and 3 percent within the Republican Party who are brand names in Washington, but the rest of the country don't know ... celebrity is everything in this country. And if these guys don't learn how to play the media the way that Barack Obama played the media last election cycle and the way that Donald Trump is playing the election cycle, we're going to probably get a celebrity candidate.[37]

These comments resurfaced after the controversy of Donald Trump hiring Breitbart News' executive chairman Steve Bannon to be his White House Chief Strategist.[37]

Activism

Breitbart often appeared as a speaker at Tea Party movement events across the U.S. For example, Breitbart was a speaker at the first National Tea Party Convention at Gaylord Opryland Hotel in Nashville on February 6, 2010.[38] Breitbart later involved himself in a controversy over allegations of homophobic and racial slurs being used at a March 20, 2010, rally at the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C., by asserting that slurs were never used, and that "it was a set-up" by Nancy Pelosi and the Democratic Party. Breitbart offered to donate $100,000 to the United Negro College Fund "for any audio/video footage of the N-word being hurled," claiming that the several Congressmen made it up. Breitbart insisted Congressman John Lewis and several other witnesses were forced to lie, concluding that "Nancy Pelosi did a great disservice to a great civil rights icon by thrusting him out there to perform this mischievous task. His reputation is now on the line as a result of her desperation to take down the Tea Party movement."[39][40]

In February 2012, a YouTube video showed Breitbart yelling at Occupy D.C. protesters outside a Washington, D.C. hotel hosting a Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC). The video showed security escorting Breitbart back to the hotel while he told the protesters to "behave yourself", and alluding to reported assaults of women at Occupy encampments, he repeatedly yelled, "Stop raping people", and called the protestors "filthy, filthy, raping, murdering freaks!" David Carr said with the incident Breitbart had caused his last "viral storm on the Web."[41][42]

Breitbart appeared posthumously in Occupy Unmasked, a documentary film by Steve Bannon that contends that the Occupy Wall Street movement of "largely naïve students and legitimately concerned citizens looking for answers" is actually orchestrated by sinister, violent, and organized leaders with the purpose of not just changing, but destroying the American government.[43]

Personal life and death

Breitbart was married to Susannah Bean, the daughter of actor Orson Bean and fashion designer Carolyn Maxwell, and had four children.[2]

On the night of March 1, 2012, Breitbart collapsed suddenly while walking in Brentwood. He was rushed to Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center, where he was pronounced dead just after midnight.[44][45] He was 43 years old. An autopsy by the Los Angeles County Coroner's Office showed that he had hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, with focal coronary atherosclerosis,[46] and died of a heart attack.[47] His burial was in the Jewish cemetery Hillside Memorial Park.[48]

In remembrance, Republican presidential candidates Rick Santorum, Mitt Romney, and Newt Gingrich praised Breitbart.[49] Santorum called Breitbart's death "a huge loss" that strongly affected him.[49][50] Romney praised Breitbart as a "fearless conservative," while Gingrich remembered him as "the most innovative pioneer in conservative activist social media in America".[49] A special episode of Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld aired the day after his death as the host and panelists paid their tributes and showed clips from his appearances on the show.[51]

Works

  • Righteous Indignation: Excuse Me While I Save the World. Grand Central Publishing. April 15, 2011. ISBN 978-0-446-57282-8.
  • With Ebner, Mark C. (March 10, 2005). Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon – The Case Against Celebrity. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-471-70624-3.

References

  1. ^ a b c Andrew Breitbart, Breitbart.com Publisher Archived October 2, 2012, at the Wayback Machine C-SPAN, October 22, 2009. Breitbart referred to the "Democrat-media complex" several times...
  2. ^ a b c "Breitbart.com has Drudge to thank for its success". Cnet news. November 2005. Retrieved July 29, 2009.
  3. ^ Ng, Christina. "Publisher and Author Andrew Breitbart Dead". ABC News. Retrieved August 15, 2012.
  4. ^ Roshan, Maer; Slayton, Hunter R. (March 8, 2012). "What Really Killed Andrew Breitbart? The Likely Cause of Death The Mainstream Media Ignored". AlterNet. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  5. ^ Gillespie, Nick (March 2, 2012). "How Andrew Breitbart changed the news". CNN.
  6. ^ a b c Friedersdorf, Connor (March 8, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart's Legacy: Credit and Blame Where It's Due". Politics. Atlantic Media. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  7. ^ Peters, Jeremy W. (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart, Conservative Blogger, Dies at 43". The New York Times. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  8. ^ a b Farhi, Paul (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart built Internet empire by combining new media, partisan slant". United States: The Washington Post. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
  9. ^ "Andrew Breitbart". NNDB. p. 1. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
  10. ^ a b c d e Christopher Beam. "Big Breitbart: Andrew Breitbart is messing with you". Slate Magazine. Archived from the original on March 22, 2010. Retrieved March 17, 2010.
  11. ^ a b c Taranto, James (October 16, 2009). "The Weekend Interview With Andrew Breitbart: Taking On the 'Democrat-Media Complex'". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 20, 2009. Retrieved October 18, 2009.
  12. ^ Lowenfeld, Jonah (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart, Republican Jewish media mogul, is dead at 43". Jewish Journal.
  13. ^ a b c "Comment: Andrew Breitbart, Israel and Judaism" By Benjamin Weinthal, Jerusalem Post, April 3, 2012
  14. ^ "Andrew Breitbart, the unabashedly 'biased journalist'” by Jonah Lowenfeld, June 13, 2011, Jewish Journal
  15. ^ Righteous Indignation, page 17
  16. ^ McCain, Robert Stacy (May 29, 2007). "'News addict' gets his fix". The Washington Times. Retrieved July 27, 2009.
  17. ^ "Take AIM: Andrew Breitbart".
  18. ^ a b Righteous Indignation, p. 36
  19. ^ Gillespie, Nick (March 2, 2012). "How Andrew Breitbart changed the news". CNN. Retrieved January 4, 2015.
  20. ^ "Lists: What's Your Source for That? Where Andrew Breitbart gets his information". ReasonOnline.com. Archived from the original on September 19, 2008. Retrieved October 1, 2008.
  21. ^ "How Andrew Breitbart Helped Launch Huffington Post". Buzzfeed. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
  22. ^ "Wiley: Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon – The Case Against Celebrity – Andrew Breitbart, Mark Ebner". wiley.com. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009.
  23. ^ "Conservative Media Mogul Andrew Breitbart to Join GOProud's Advisory Council". Goproud.org. January 21, 2011. Archived from the original on August 3, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2011.
  24. ^ Daly, Corbett D. "Conservative website posts private pictures of Anthony Weiner." CBS News. June 6, 2011.
  25. ^ "Where Breitbart's Audience Fits on the Political Spectrum". Pew Research Center's Journalism Project. October 21, 2014.
  26. ^ Owen, Rob. The next wave: Ex-WTAE anchor Scott Baker changes channel to run Web news site, Post-Gazette
  27. ^ Zeleny, Jeff; Wheaton, Sarah (February 13, 2011). "At Gathering, Ron Paul Is No. 1 for 2012". The New York Times. pp. A21. Retrieved February 14, 2011.
  28. ^ a b Gerstein, Josh (July 1, 2015). "Breitbart, Sherrod near libel settlement". Politico. Retrieved August 18, 2015.
  29. ^ Tierney Sneed (October 1, 2015). "Ex-USDA Official Settles Her Lawsuit Over Breitbart Video That Got Her Fired". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  30. ^ "BREITBART: 'My Real Time With Bill Maher'". Washington Times. March 16, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2016.
  31. ^ "National Review Online". nationalreview.com. Retrieved November 2, 2009.
  32. ^ "Not all Kennedy critics hold fire". Archived from the original on August 27, 2009. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
  33. ^ "Compromise: what Pennsylvania lawmakers could learn from Ted Kennedy" (editorial), The Patriot-News (Pennsylvania), August 28, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
  34. ^ "Opinion: Ted Kennedy, the liberal adversary to the conservative movement". digitaljournal.com. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved September 24, 2009.
  35. ^ Beam, Christopher, "'Media Is Everything. It's Everything.' Slate's 2010 profile of Andrew Breitbart", Slate.com, March 15, 2010.
  36. ^ "Max Blumenthal confronted by Andrew Breitbart and Larry O'Connor/Stage right at CPAC 10". YouTube. February 20, 2010. Retrieved March 1, 2012.
  37. ^ a b Weigel, David (August 17, 2016). "Five things to know about Breitbart, the new force in the Trump campaign". Washington Post. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
  38. ^ Breitbart Keynote Part 1 of 4, Nashville, February 2010{{dead link|date=March 2012 | Breitbart Keynote Part 1 of 4, Nashville, January] Part 2 Part 3 Part 4
  39. ^ Breitbart, Andrew (April 2, 2010). "Barack Obama's Helter-Skelter, Insane Clown Posse, Alinsky Plans to 'Deconstruct' America". Big Journalism. Archived from the original on March 2, 2012.
  40. ^ Alexander, Andrew (April 11, 2010). "Allegations of spitting and slurs at Capitol protest merit more reporting". Washington Post. Retrieved April 14, 2010.
  41. ^ Carr, David (April 13, 2012). "The Life and Death of Andrew Breitbart". The New York Times.
  42. ^ Sources that describe the confrontation with Occupy protesters at CPAC 2012:
  43. ^ "Occupyunmasked.com".
  44. ^ "Andrew Breitbart autopsy report" (PDF). Autopsyfile.org.
  45. ^ Ng, Christina (March 1, 2012). "Publisher and Author Andrew Breitbart Dead".
  46. ^ Blankstein, Andrew (May 16, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart died of heart failure, narrowing of artery, coroner finds". L.A. Times. L.A. Times.
  47. ^ Peters, Jeremy W. (March 1, 2012). "Andrew Breitbart, Conservative Blogger, Dies at 43". Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  48. ^ "Andrew James Breitbart". Find A Grave™. Retrieved May 16, 2019.
  49. ^ a b c Beth Fouhey; Philip Elliott (March 6, 2012). "Limbaugh and the GOP: The media stars and politics". Associated Press. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  50. ^ CBS News. March 1, 2012.
  51. ^ Red Eye Remembers Andrew Breitbart. Retrieved September 3, 2016.

External links

2012 in LGBT rights

This is a list of notable events in the history of LGBT rights that took place in the year 2012.

Breitbart (surname)

Breitbart is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Andrew Breitbart (1969–2012), American web publisher and news commentator

William Breitbart, American psychiatrist

Zishe Breitbart (1893–1925), Polish-Jewish circus strongman

Breitbart News

Breitbart News Network (known commonly as Breitbart News, Breitbart or Breitbart.com) is a far-right syndicated American news, opinion and commentary website founded in mid-2007 by conservative commentator Andrew Breitbart, who conceived it as "the Huffington Post of the right." Its journalists are widely considered to be ideologically driven, and some of its content has been called misogynistic, xenophobic, and racist by liberals and many traditional conservatives alike. The site has published a number of lies, conspiracy theories, and intentionally misleading stories.Breitbart News aligned with the alt-right under the management of former executive chairman Steve Bannon, who declared the website "the platform for the alt-right" in 2016. In 2016, Breitbart News became a virtual rallying spot for supporters of Donald Trump's 2016 presidential campaign. The company's management, together with former staff member Milo Yiannopoulos, solicited ideas for stories from, and worked to advance and market ideas of, neo-Nazi and white supremacist groups and individuals. After the election, more than 2,000 organizations removed Breitbart News from ad buys following Internet activism campaigns denouncing the site's controversial positions.Breitbart News is headquartered in Los Angeles, with bureaus in Texas, London, and Jerusalem. Co-founder Larry Solov is the co-owner (along with Andrew Breitbart's widow Susie Breitbart and the Mercer family) and CEO, while Alex Marlow is the editor-in-chief, Wynton Hall is managing editor, and Joel Pollak and Peter Schweizer are senior editors-at-large.

Chris Faraone

Chris Faraone is a journalist and author in Boston, Massachusetts and editor of DigBoston. He wrote for The Phoenix for several years. He has also written for the Boston Herald, Fast Company, Spin, The Source, JTTS.com, and the Columbia Journalism Review.

Firing of Shirley Sherrod

On July 19, 2010, Shirley Sherrod was fired from her appointed position as Georgia State Director of Rural Development for the United States Department of Agriculture. Her firing was an administration reaction to media reports on video excerpts from her address to an event of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in March 2010 and commentary posted by conservative blogger Andrew Breitbart on his website. Based on these excerpts, the NAACP condemned Sherrod's remarks as racist and US government officials called on the official to resign. However, review of her full speech showed that the excerpts had been selectively edited, and that her remarks – understood in context – were about the importance of overcoming personal prejudices. The NAACP and White House officials then apologized for their earlier criticisms, and United States Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack apologized for the firing and offered Sherrod a new position.

Extensive media coverage of the excerpted videos, various parties' comments, and later corrections after the full story was discovered, exacerbated the affair. The event brought to the forefront current debates regarding racism in the United States, cable news reporting, ideological websites on the internet, and decisions made by President Barack Obama's administration.The Obama administration apologized to Sherrod, and offered her a full-time, high-level internal advocacy position with the USDA, which she ultimately declined. In 2011, Sherrod filed suit against Breitbart and co-defendant Larry O'Connor for defamation. In 2015, following lengthy pretrial proceedings, and efforts by Breitbart to have the suit dismissed which were rejected, the parties settled the suit on undisclosed terms.

Grand Central Publishing

Grand Central Publishing is a division of Hachette Book Group. Formerly Warner Books, Grand Central Publishing came into existence in March 2006 after Time Warner sold the Time Warner Book Group to Hachette Livre.Besides Grand Central Publishing itself, the division has four imprints: Twelve, Grand Central Life & Style, Forever, and Forever Yours.

Hating Breitbart

Hating Breitbart is a 2012 political documentary about conservative media critic and alternative media icon Andrew Breitbart. The documentary was released on October 19, 2012, just seven months after Breitbart's unexpected death.The film was released by Rocky Mountain Pictures.

Hollywood, Interrupted

Hollywood, Interrupted: Insanity Chic in Babylon - The Case Against Celebrity is a book and website authored by Mark Ebner, with co-author Andrew Breitbart. The book was published in 2004 by John Wiley & Sons. The writing focuses primarily on what Ebner sees as the disconnected, self-indulgent nature of Hollywood culture. The book was on the New York Times Best Seller list, and was also a Los Angeles Times bestseller. The title references the 1999 film Girl, Interrupted.

HuffPost

HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is an American news and opinion website and blog, with localized and international editions. The magazine is edited from a liberal political perspective. It was founded in 2005 by Andrew Breitbart, Arianna Huffington, Kenneth Lerer and Jonah Peretti. The site offers news, satire, blogs, and original content and covers politics, business, entertainment, environment, technology, popular media, lifestyle, culture, comedy, healthy living, women's interests, and local news.

The Huffington Post was launched on May 9, 2005, as a commentary outlet, blog, and an alternative to news aggregators such as the Drudge Report. On February 7, 2011, AOL acquired The Huffington Post for US$315 million, making Arianna Huffington editor-in-chief of The Huffington Post Media Group. The site later became part of Verizon Communications, which purchased AOL on May 12, 2015 for US$4.4 billion.In July 2012, The Huffington Post was ranked No. 1 on the 15 Most Popular Political Sites list by eBizMBA Rank, which bases its list on each site's Alexa Global Traffic Rank and U.S. Traffic Rank from both Compete and Quantcast. In 2012, The Huffington Post became the first commercially run United States digital media enterprise to win a Pulitzer Prize.

James O'Keefe

James Edward O'Keefe III (born June 28, 1984) is an American conservative political activist. He produces secretly recorded undercover audio and video encounters with figures and workers in academic, governmental, and social service organizations, purporting to show abusive or allegedly illegal behavior by employees and/or representatives of those organizations. He has been criticized for selectively editing videos to misrepresent the context of the

conversations and the subjects' responses, creating the false impression that people said or did things they did not.He gained national attention for his video recordings of workers at Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) offices in 2009, his arrest and guilty plea in 2010 for entering the federal office of then-U.S. Senator Mary Landrieu (D-LA) under false pretenses, and the release of videos of conversations with two high-ranking, now former, NPR executives in 2011.

When his videos portraying ACORN workers seemingly aiding a couple in criminal planning hit the 24-hour cable news cycle, the U.S. Congress quickly voted to freeze funds for the non-profit. The national controversy resulted in the non-profit also losing most of its private funding before investigations of the videos concluded no illegal activity occurred. In March 2010, ACORN was close to bankruptcy and had to close or rename most of its offices. Shortly after, the California State Attorney General's Office and the US Government Accountability Office released their related investigative reports. The Attorney General's Office found that O'Keefe had misrepresented the actions of ACORN workers in California and that the workers had not broken any laws. A preliminary probe by the GAO found that ACORN had managed its federal funds appropriately. One of the fired ACORN workers sued O'Keefe for invasion of privacy; O'Keefe issued an apology and agreed to pay $100,000 in a settlement.

O'Keefe has gained support from far-right and conservative media and interest groups. In 2009, Andrew Breitbart commissioned him for the option to publish new videos exclusively on BigGovernment.com. In June 2010, O'Keefe formed a 501(c)(3) organization, Project Veritas.

Larry O'Connor (radio host)

Larry O'Connor (born June 23, 1967) is an American talk radio host on the Cumulus-owned heritage radio station WMAL AM/FM in Washington, D.C. and frequent television guest on the Fox News early morning show Fox & Friends as well as Fox News Channel's Red Eye w/ Greg Gutfeld. In 2015 he married Meredith Dake.

Marc Morano

Marc Morano (born 1968) is a former Republican political aide who founded and runs the website ClimateDepot.com. ClimateDepot is a project of the Committee for a Constructive Tomorrow (CFACT), a non-profit organization based in Washington, D.C. that denies the scientific consensus on climate change.

Matt Drudge

Matthew Nathan "Matt" Drudge (born October 27, 1966) is an American political commentator, and the creator and editor of the Drudge Report, an American news aggregator. Drudge is also an author; he was a radio show host and a television show host.

Matt Taibbi

Matthew C. Taibbi (; born March 2, 1970) is an American author and journalist. Taibbi has reported on politics, media, finance, and sports, and has authored several books, including Insane Clown President (2017), The Divide: American Injustice in the Age of the Wealth Gap (2014), Griftopia: Bubble Machines, Vampire Squids, and the Long Con That Is Breaking America (2010) and The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion (2009).

Michael Moore Hates America

Michael Moore Hates America is a documentary film directed by Mike Wilson that criticizes the work of film director Michael Moore.It premiered September 12, 2004, in Dallas, Texas, at the American Film Renaissance film festival.

Occupy Unmasked

Occupy Unmasked is a 2012 American documentary film directed by Steve Bannon and produced by David Bossie, which is critical of the Occupy movement and was produced by Citizens United Productions.

The documentary was released in limited theaters on September 21, 2012, distributed by Mark Cuban's Magnolia Pictures. Cuban stated "I don't have any politics" and that his company released the documentary solely "because we believe there is an audience for it" before the 2012 U.S. Presidential election.

Pat Dollard

Patrick Dollard is an American documentary filmmaker. In the 1990s he was a Hollywood talent agent, manager, and producer most known for helping to build the career of Oscar-winning director Steven Soderbergh.

Dollard has been known as a Hollywood conservative since the mid-1990s, and promotes himself as a conservative filmmaker, blogger, and pundit. Dollard has been alleged to be an alcoholic and drug abuser who has struggled to overcome his addictions, as claimed in an article by Evan Wright in Vanity Fair and in Wright's subsequent book Hella Nation.

Dollard hosted a web-only radio show called "The Jihadi Killer Hour" at Blog Talk Radio from May 2008 to August 2010. His guests included Hollywood, Interrupted author Mark Ebner, Matt Drudge's former partner Andrew Breitbart (founder of websites Breitbart and Big Hollywood), Media Malpractice: How Obama Won The Election director John Ziegler, Jihad Watch's Robert Spencer, independent war correspondent Michael Yon, conservative pundit and former "Politically Incorrect" staff writer Evan Sayet, Brothers At War director Jake Rademacher, African-American comedian Zo, Harlem Pastor James Manning, and conservative comedian Steven Crowder.

Shirley Sherrod

Shirley Sherrod (born 1948) is a former Georgia State Director of Rural Development for the United States Department of Agriculture. On July 19, 2010, she became a subject of controversy when parts of a speech she gave – that had been edited to cast her as racist – were publicized by Breitbart News, and she was forced to resign. However, upon review of the complete unedited video in context, the NAACP, White House officials, and Tom Vilsack, the United States Secretary of Agriculture, apologized for the firing and Sherrod was offered a new position.

Sherrod later sued Andrew Breitbart and co-defendant Larry O'Connor for defamation, false light, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. In October 2015, the suit was settled out of court on confidential terms.

Texas Patriots PAC

Texas Patriots PAC is a Super PAC based in The Woodlands in southeastern Texas. The group gained national attention when it hosted a Republican presidential debate in November 2011 between candidates Herman Cain and Newt Gingrich. The debate was conducted in the "Lincoln-Douglas" style, which Gingrich then went on to make a central theme of his campaign, promising to challenge President Obama to seven "Lincoln-Douglas" style debates, at three hours each, should he win the GOP nomination.In the 2012 election cycle, candidates endorsed by the Texas Patriots PAC won three of the four seats open for The Woodlands Township, where the PAC is based. In the statewide Republican primary election on May 29, 2012, the Texas Patriots PAC showed that it was a force to be reckoned with when: endorsed candidate Steve Toth of The Woodlands defeated 10-year incumbent Rob Eissler for the District 15 seat in the Texas House of Representatives; recommended candidate Kelly Case defeated 20-year incumbent Fred Edwards for the 9th State District Court; and recommended candidate James Noack defeated Republican establishment-backed candidate Kenny Speight for the Montgomery County Commissioner Precinct 3 race. The 2012 Republican primary election cycle also saw victories for endorsed and recommended Texas Patriots PAC candidates such as: Cecil Bell, Jr. - Texas House of Representatives, District 3; JD Lambright - Montgomery County Attorney (won during the July 31, 2012 Republican runoff election); Ryan Gable - Montgomery County Constable, Precinct 3; Brett Ligon - Montgomery County District Attorney; Barbara Cargill - State Board of Education, Position 8; Christi Craddick - Texas Railroad Commissioner; Don Willett - Texas Supreme Court Justice, Place 2; John Devine - Texas Supreme Court Justice, Place 4; and Ted Cruz - United States Senator (won during the July 31, 2012 Republican runoff election).The Texas Patriots PAC has hosted many Tea Party rallies in the Houston area, which have featured such guests as the late Andrew Breitbart, Ted Cruz, Sarah Palin, Jim DeMint, Laura Ingraham, Herman Cain, Michael Berry, Greg Abbott, Dan Patrick, and Jim "Mattress Mack" McIngvale.

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