Andre Norton

Andre Alice Norton (born Alice Mary Norton, February 17, 1912 – March 17, 2005) was an American writer of science fiction and fantasy, who also wrote works of historical fiction and contemporary fiction. She wrote primarily under the pen name Andre Norton, but also under Andrew North and Allen Weston. She was the first woman to be Gandalf Grand Master of Fantasy,[2] first woman to be SFWA Grand Master,[3] and first inducted by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame.[4][5][6]

Andre Alice Norton
BornAlice Mary Norton
February 17, 1912[1]
Cleveland, Ohio, USA
DiedMarch 17, 2005 (aged 93)
Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA
Pen nameAndre Norton
Andrew North
Allen Weston
GenreScience fiction, fantasy, romance novels, adventure fiction
Notable awardsSFWA Grand Master, Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame

Biography and career


Alice Mary Norton was born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1912.[7] Her parents were Adalbert Freely Norton, who owned a rug company, and Bertha Stemm Norton. She began writing at Collinwood High School in Cleveland, under the tutelage of Miss Sylvia Cochrane. She was the editor of a literary page in the school's paper called The Collinwood Spotlight for which she wrote short stories. During this time, she wrote her first book, Ralestone Luck, which was eventually published as her second novel in 1938.

After graduating from high school in 1930, Norton planned to become a teacher and began studying at Flora Stone Mather College of Western Reserve University. However, in 1932 she had to leave because of the Depression and began working for the Cleveland Library System,[8] where she remained for 18 years, latterly in the children's section of the Nottingham Branch Library in Cleveland. In 1934, she legally changed her name to Andre Alice Norton, a pen name she had adopted for her first book, published later that year, to increase her marketability since boys were the main audience for fantasy.[8]

During 1940–1941, she worked as a special librarian in the cataloging department of the Library of Congress.[9] She was involved in a project related to alien citizenship which was abruptly terminated upon the American entry into World War II. In 1941 she bought a bookstore called Mystery House in Mount Rainier, Maryland, the eastern neighbor of D.C. The business failed, and she returned to the Cleveland Public Library until 1950 when she retired due to ill health.[10] She then began working as a reader for publisher-editor Martin Greenberg[a] at Gnome Press, a small press in New York City that focused on science fiction. She remained until 1958, when, with 21 novels published,[11][12] she became a full-time professional writer.

As Norton's health became uncertain, she moved to Winter Park, Florida in November 1966, where she remained until 1997.[13] She moved to Murfreesboro, Tennessee in 1997 and was under hospice care from February 21, 2005. She died at home on March 17, 2005, of congestive heart failure.

Literary career

In 1934, her first book, The Prince Commands, being sundry adventures of Michael Karl, sometime crown prince & pretender to the throne of Morvania, with illustrations by Kate Seredy, was published by D. Appleton–Century Company (cataloged by the U.S. Library of Congress as by "André Norton").[14][15] She went on to write several historical novels for the juvenile (now called "young adult") market.

Fantasy book 1947 v1 n1
Norton's novelette "The People of the Crater", published under her "Andrew North" pseudonym, was the cover story in the debut issue of Fantasy Book in 1947
Fantasy book 1948 n3
"The Gifts of Asti", also published under the "North" byline, took the cover of the third issue of Fantasy Book in 1948

Norton's first published science fiction was a short novella, "The People of the Crater", which appeared under the name "Andrew North" as pages 4–18 of the inaugural 1947 number of Fantasy Book, a magazine from Fantasy Publishing Company, Inc.[16] Her first fantasy novel, Huon of the Horn, published by Harcourt Brace under her own name in 1951, adapted the 13th-century story of Huon, Duke of Bordeaux.[17] Her first science fiction novel, Star Man's Son, 2250 A.D., appeared from Harcourt in 1952.[18] She became a prolific novelist in the 1950s, with many of her books published for the juvenile market, at least in their original hardcover editions.

As of 1958, when she became a full-time professional writer, Kirkus had reviewed 16 of her novels,[b] and awarded four of them starred reviews.[12] Her four starred reviews to 1957 had been awarded for three historical adventure novels—Follow the Drum (1942), Scarface (1948), Yankee Privateer (1955)—and one cold war adventure, At Swords' Points (1954). She received four starred reviews subsequently, latest in 1966, including three for science fiction.[12]

Norton was twice nominated for the Hugo Award, in 1964 for the novel Witch World and in 1967 for the novelette "Wizard's World". She was nominated three times for the World Fantasy Award for lifetime achievement, winning the award in 1998. Norton won a number of other genre awards and regularly had works appear in the Locus annual "best of year" polls.[4]

She was a founding member of the Swordsmen and Sorcerers' Guild of America (SAGA), a loose-knit group of Heroic Fantasy authors founded in the 1960s, led by Lin Carter, with entry by fantasy credentials alone. Norton was the only woman among the original eight members. Some works by SAGA members were published in Lin Carter's Flashing Swords! anthologies.

In 1976, Gary Gygax invited Norton to play Dungeons & Dragons in his Greyhawk world. Norton subsequently wrote Quag Keep, which involved a group of characters who travel from the real world to Greyhawk. It was the first novel to be set, at least partially, in the Greyhawk setting and, according to Alternative Worlds, the first to be based on D&D.[19] Quag Keep was excerpted in Issue 12 of The Dragon (February 1978) just prior to the book's release.[20] She and Jean Rabe were collaborating on the sequel to her 1979 Greyhawk novel Quag Keep when she died. Return to Quag Keep was completed by Rabe and published by Tor Books in January 2006.[16]

Her final complete novel, Three Hands for Scorpio, was published on April 1, 2005. Besides Return to Quag Keep, Tor has published two more novels with Norton and Rabe credited as co-authors, Dragon Mage (November 2006) and Taste of Magic (January 2008).[16]


She wrote more than a dozen speculative fiction series, but her longest, and longest-running project was "Witch World", which began with the novel Witch World in 1963. The first six novels were Ace Books paperback originals published from 1963 to 1968.[16] From the 1970s most of the series was published in hardcover editions.[16] From the 1980s some were written by Norton and a co-author, and others were anthologies of short fiction for which she was editor. (Witch World became a shared universe).[c] There were dozens of books in all.[18]

The five novels of The Cycle of Oak, Yew, Ash, and Rowan, To the King a Daughter, Knight or Knave, A Crown Disowned, Dragon Blade, and The Knight of the Red Beard, were written with Sasha Miller.[21] The fifth and last novel was dedicated "To my late collaborator, Andre Norton, whose vision inspired the NordornLand cycle."[22] ("NordornLand cycle" is another name for this cycle).


On February 20, 2005, the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, which had earlier honored her with its Grand Master Award in 1984, announced the creation of the Andre Norton Award, to be given each year for an outstanding work of fantasy or science fiction for the young adult literature market, beginning with 2005 publications. While the Norton Award is not a Nebula Award, it is voted by SFWA members on the Nebula ballot and shares some procedures with the Nebula Awards.[23][24][25] Nominally for a young adult book, actually the eligible class is middle grade and young adult novels. This added a category for genre fiction to be recognized and supported for young readers.[26][27] Unlike Nebulas, there is a jury whose function is to expand the ballot beyond the six books with most nominations by members.

Often called the Grande Dame of Science Fiction and Fantasy by biographers such as J. M. Cornwell,[28] and organizations such as Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America,[29] Publishers Weekly,[30] and Time, Andre Norton wrote novels for over 70 years. She had a profound influence on the entire genre, having over 300 published titles read by at least four generations of science fiction and fantasy readers and writers. Notable authors who cite her influence include Greg Bear, Lois McMaster Bujold, C. J. Cherryh, Cecilia Dart-Thornton,[31] Tanya Huff,[32] Mercedes Lackey, Charles de Lint, Joan D. Vinge, David Weber, K. D. Wentworth, and Catherine Asaro.

Recurring motifs

Norton started out writing juvenile historical fiction and adventure, and then moved into science fiction, and finally fantasy. In numerous of her works, alienated outsiders undertake a journey through which they realize their full potential; this emphasis on the rite of passage continued her association in many readers' minds with young adult fiction, although she became a best seller to adults.[11]

In most Norton books, whether science fiction or fantasy, the plot takes place in the open countryside, with only short episodes in a city environment. Protagonists usually move about singly or in small groups, and in conflict situations they are more often scouts, spies or guerrillas rather than regular soldiers in large military formations.[33]

As could be expected of such characters, they tend to be resourceful and capable of taking independent initiative. In some books, protagonists are introduced already in possession of such characteristics. In others the protagonists (often young) are thrust into situations where they must develop them quickly, and invariably succeed at it.

Many planets in the books are Earth-like places, where humans can live without special protection, and have extensive flora and fauna which are described in considerable detail and often have substantial bearing on the plot. Airless planets and ones with unbreathable atmospheres are sometimes mentioned in passing, but are virtually never the main scene of a Norton book (an exception is Night of Masks). In many of her books, especially her mid-period and later fantasies, such as most of the Witch World series, there are settings described similarly, with ancient stone highways left by unknown civilizations, flanked by half-fallen walls overgrown with vines, and often studded with tall pillars topped by mythical shapes. These vistas are universally presented as almost vibrating with magical power. Another common setting, in both fantasies and science fiction, is of a room filled with alien super-scientific equipment, often where something evil (such as experimentation on humans or other living creatures) has gone or is going on.

A common theme in the books is the presence of sympathetically presented feudal and tribal cultures. In several books Native American tribes and their various analogues are given a chance to be more successful than they were in actual American history. (Norton often told friends that she was proud of her little bit of Native American ancestry.) Nonhuman creatures and cultures are usually presented sympathetically, with human protagonists sometimes supporting them against oppressive human authorities. In contrast, several books present technological and mechanized cultures as negative or even positively evil.

With her 1965 book Year of the Unicorn (third in the High Hallack spinoff of her Witch World series), she used a young woman as the protagonist, which was at the time uncommon for American works of fantasy.

An important role in Norton's books is often given to animals — both ordinary terrestrial ones, such as cats (with whom she had much personal experience) and exotic fictional ones, whose characteristics are meticulously worked out. Many of Norton's animals are highly intelligent without being anthropomorphic, acting as virtually full partners to the human protagonists and in many books forming telepathic links with them.

Voodoo Planet, by Andrew North - cover - Project Gutenberg eText 18846
Cover of Voodoo Planet by Andrew North, artist Ed Valigursky; half of Ace Double #D-345 (1959)

Some background elements, such as the use of "Credits" as a unit of currency and of the lethal "Blasters" and the non-lethal "Stunners" as the main hand-weapons, are common to many of Norton's science fiction books, even when they are not set in precisely the same future.

A fictional board and counter game called "Stars and Comets" appears in many Norton science fiction books. However, only fleeting hints of the rules are revealed. Counters styled as either "stars" or "comets" move across the board taking opponents' pieces. The rules of movement and capture seem to be very complex allowing hidden strategies and sudden reversals of fortune. It may be that there are both elements of skill and chance. Often, it is not the game being played itself which features, but references to it as an analogy of some plot situation. Its use helps to reinforce the alien culture being portrayed, and also gives the reader a sense of continuity between books portraying differing people and places.

Equally, an interstellar refugee camp turned slum of dubious reputation called the Dipple[34] provides the starting point for a number of planet stories, as the number of desperate young people seeking any escape from its poverty is high.

She also developed the concept of traveling through alternate worlds in The Crossroads of Time. In the Time Trader series, she explored Celtic Europe, and Ice Age Baltic region, synthesizing anthropology, archeology, and hard science fiction, and this series must also be seen as a pivotal exploration of time travel as a method of fictionally exploring lost cultures. The second book in the Time Trader series, Galactic Derelict, features the use of recovered alien technology, to enable human travel to the stars, and this theme is also very recurrent, with definite features developed by Andre Norton.

High Hallack Library

The High Hallack Library was a facility that Andre Norton was instrumental in organizing and opening. Designed as a research facility for genre writers, and scholars of "popular" literature (the genres of science fiction, fantasy, mystery, western, romance, gothic, or horror), it was located near Norton's home in Murfreesboro, Tennessee.[35]

The facility, named after one of the continents in Norton's Witch World series, was home to over 10,000 texts, videos and various other media. Attached to the facility were three guest rooms, allowing authors and scholars the chance to stay on-site to facilitate their research goals.[35]

The facility was opened on February 28, 1999, and operated until March 2004. Most of the collection was sold during the closing days of the facility. The declining health of Andre Norton was one of the leading causes of its closing.[35]

See also


  1. ^ Martin Greenberg is no relation of Martin H. Greenberg (1941–2011) with whom Norton co-edited the Catfantastic series of five anthologies (DAW Books, 1989 to 1999).
  2. ^ Kirkus reviewed only hardcover first editions; at the time, Norton had only recently published her first paperback original, The Crossroads of Time (Ace Double, 1956).
  3. ^ Regarding The Duke's Ballad "by Andre Norton and Lyn McConchie", published in 2005, McConchie states "Witch World setting, marketed as by Andre Norton and Lyn McConchie, although all writing and revision done by Lyn using Andre's background." And she says much the same for all four of their Witch World novels (1995 to 2005).
     "Lyn's Books". Lyn McConchie. Last updated 2012-09-17. Retrieved 2013-05-02.


  1. ^ Andre M Norton, "United States Social Security Death Index". "United States Social Security Death Index", index, FamilySearch, March 17, 2005. Retrieved 2013-02-12. Citing U.S. Social Security Administration, Death Master File, database (Alexandria, Virginia: National Technical Information Service, ongoing).
  2. ^ Lehmann-Haupt, Christopher (2005-03-18). "Andre Norton Dies at 93; a Master of Science Fiction". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-02-04.
  3. ^ "SFWA Grand Master Award Listings 1984". SFWA Grand Master Award Listings 1984. Archived from the original on 2003-01-10.
  4. ^ a b "Norton, Andre". Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Literary Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  5. ^ "Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master". Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). Archived from the original on 2011-07-01. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
  6. ^ ""Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame"". Archived from the original on May 21, 2013.. Mid American Science Fiction and Fantasy Conventions, Inc. Retrieved 2013-03-27. This was the official website of the hall of fame to 2004.
  7. ^ Bankston, John. Andre Norton. New York: Chelsea House, 2010, p. 16.
  8. ^ a b Dennis McLellan, "Andre Norton, 93; A Prolific Science Fiction, Fantasy Author", Los Angeles Times, March 19, 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  9. ^ Bankston, John. Andre Norton. New York: Chelsea House, 2010, p. 50.
  10. ^ Steve Holland (2013-07-06). "Obituary: Andre Norton | Books". The Guardian. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  11. ^ a b Christopher Lehmann-Haupt, "Andre Norton Dies at 93; a Master of Science Fiction", The New York Times, March 18, 2005. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
  12. ^ a b c "Kirkus Book Reviews". Kirkus. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
  13. ^ Maciej Zaleski-Ejgierd (1912-02-17). "ANDRE NORTON ORG: Biography of Andre Norton". Archived from the original on 2013-02-23. Retrieved 2013-07-14.
  14. ^ ""Norton, Andre"". Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. Library of Congress Authorities. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
    For LC catalog (LCC) records of particular works by Norton in chronological order, select "LC Online Catalog"; select "Norton, Andre"; sort by "Date (oldest to newest)".
  15. ^ ""The prince commands, being sundry adventures of Michael Karl, sometime ..."". Archived from the original on October 18, 2015. LCC record. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  16. ^ a b c d e Andre Norton at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved 2013-03-28. Select a title to see its linked publication history and general information. Select a particular edition (title) for more data at that level, such as a front cover image or linked contents.
  17. ^ "Bibliography: Huon of the Horn". ISFDB. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
  18. ^ a b "Andre Norton (1912–2005)", Locus, April 2005, pp. 5, 65.
  19. ^ Norton, Andre; Jean Rabe (2006). Return to Quag Keep. MacMillan. pp. Introduction. ISBN 0-7653-1298-0.
  20. ^ Norton, Andre (February 1978). "Quag's Keep (excerpts)". The Dragon. Lake Geneva WI: TSR (12): 22–30.
  21. ^ Andre Norton and Sasha Miller (2008), The Knight of the Red Beard, 2009 reprint, New York: Tor, p. [2].
  22. ^ Andre Norton and Sasha Miller (2008), The Knight of the Red Beard, 2009 reprint, New York: Tor, p. [7].
  23. ^ "2012 Nebula Awards Nominees Announced" (finalists). SFWA. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
  24. ^ "Norton Award Blog Tour". SFWA. Retrieved 2013-04-27.
    The Blog Tour preface (linked) incorporates a pertinent excerpt from the Nebula Awards rules.
  25. ^ "About the Nebula Awards". Locus Index to SF Awards: About the Awards. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2013-03-27.
  26. ^ KRISTIN L. PAULSON, Overcoming the Stigma of Science Fiction and Fantasty in the Classroom.2011 MA Thesis, University of Floria.
  28. ^ "An Interview with Andre Norton". Retrieved 2011-12-22.
  29. ^ "SFWA Biography". Archived from the original on October 9, 2009.
  30. ^ Andre Norton. Fiction Book Review: Warlock. Author Baen Books. ISBN 978-0-671-31849-9. Retrieved 2015-10-18.
  31. ^ "Interview with Cecilia Dart-Thornton". Future Fiction. August 2001. Archived from the original on 2013-01-06. Other authors who have influenced and inspired me (in no particular order), include Nicholas Stuart Gray, George McDonald, Andre Norton ...
  32. ^ Switzer, David M; Schellenberg, James (October 1998). "Wizards, Vampires & a Cat: From the Imagination of Tanya Huff". Challenging Destiny. Crystalline Sphere Publishing (4). I'd have to say the two general influences are Andre Norton for an incredibly varied body of work that can be read and enjoyed by both adults and twelve year olds ...
  33. ^ A. Jakes, "Fictional Soldiers", p. 46, 81
  34. ^ Wyman, Mark (1989). DP's: Europe's Displaced Persons, 1945-1951. Google Books: Cornell University Press. p. 89. ISBN 0-8014-8542-8.
  35. ^ a b c "High Hallack Genre Writers' Research and Reference Library". Archived from the original on 2013-07-03., Retrieved 2013-5-31.


  • Bankston, John. Andre Norton. New York: Chelsea House, 2010. ISBN 9781604136821
  • Schlobin, Roger C. Andre Norton, a Primary and Secondary Bibliography. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1980. ISBN 081618044X
  • Yoke, Carl B. Roger Zelazny and Andre Norton, Proponents of Individualism. Columbus: State Library of Ohio, 1979. OCLC 5902028
  • Yoke, Carl B. Slaying The Dragon Within: Andre Norton's Female Heroes, Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts, Vol. 4, No. 3 (15) (1991), pp. 79–93.
  • Wolf, Virginia L. Andre Norton: Feminist Pied Piper in SF. Children's Literature Association Quarterly. Volume 10, Number 2, Summer 1985 pp. 66–70.

External links

47th World Science Fiction Convention

The 47th World Science Fiction Convention (Worldcon), also known as Noreascon 3 (or "... Three", or "... III"), was held August 31–September 4, 1989, at the Sheraton-Boston Hotel, Hilton Hotel, Boston Park Plaza, and the Hynes Convention Center in Boston, Massachusetts, United States.The chairman was Mark L. Olson. The Guests of Honor were Andre Norton, Ian & Betty Ballantine (pro), and The Stranger Club (fan). Seven surviving members of the latter group—the first known science fiction club in the Boston area, and responsible for organizing Boskone I, New England's first science fiction convention, in 1941—attended, including Harry Stubbs (Hal Clement). Total attendance was 6,837, of 7,795 paid memberships.

Andre Norton Award

The Andre Norton Award for Young Adult Science Fiction and Fantasy is an annual award presented by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA) to the author of the best young adult science fiction or fantasy book published in the United States in the preceding year. It is named to honor prolific science fiction and fantasy author Andre Norton (1912–2005), and it was established by then SFWA president Catherine Asaro and the SFWA Young Adult Fiction committee and announced on February 20, 2005. Any published young adult science fiction or fantasy novel is eligible for the prize, including graphic novels. There is no limit on word count. The award is presented along with the Nebula Awards and follows the same rules for nominations and voting; as the awards are separate, works may be simultaneously nominated for both the Andre Norton award and a Nebula Award.Andre Norton Award nominees and winners are chosen by members of the SFWA, though the authors of the nominees do not need to be members. Works are nominated each year between November 15 and February 15 by published authors who are members of the organization, and the six works that receive the most nominations then form the final ballot, with additional nominees possible in the case of ties. A SFWA panel of jurors determines if the nominated works are written for young adults, and they may add up to three works to the ballot. Members may then vote on the ballot throughout March, and the final results are presented at the Nebula Awards ceremony in May. Authors are not permitted to nominate their own works, and ties in the final vote are broken, if possible, by the number of nominations the works received. Beginning with the 2009 awards, the rules were changed to the current format. Prior to then, the eligibility period for nominations was defined as one year after the publication date of the work, which allowed works to be nominated in the calendar year after their publication and then be awarded in the calendar year after that. Works were added to a preliminary list for the year if they had ten or more nominations, which were then voted on to create a final ballot, to which the SFWA organizing panel was also allowed to add an additional work.During the 13 nomination years, 74 authors have had works nominated, of which 13 have won. Holly Black and Scott Westerfeld have had the most nominations at four—with Black winning once and Westerfield yet to win—followed by Sarah Beth Durst with three. Black, Alaya Dawn Johnson, Delia Sherman, and Ysabeau S. Wilce are the only authors nominated multiple times to have won the award, with one win apiece out of four, two, two, and two nominations, respectively.

Andre Norton bibliography

These works were written or edited by the American fiction writer Andre Norton (Andre Alice Norton, born Alice Mary Norton, 1912–2005). Before 1960 she used the pen name Andrew North several times and, jointly with Grace Allen Hogarth, Allen Weston once.Norton is known best for science-fiction and fantasy, or speculative fiction, a field where her work was first published in the 1950s. She also wrote crime fiction, romantic fiction, and historical fiction, mainly before 1960. The term non-genre distinguishes that other work here, which expresses the perspective of the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB).

Beastmaster (TV series)

Beastmaster is a Canadian/American/Australian television series that aired from 1999 to 2002. It was loosely based on a 1982 MGM film The Beastmaster itself loosely adapted from the novel The Beast Master by Andre Norton. The series aired 66 episodes over three complete seasons. It was produced by Coote/Hayes Productions.

The series was nominated for the Open Craft Award in the category of cinematography by the Australian Film Institute in 2000, and for the Saturn Award for Best Syndicated/Cable Television Series by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy, and Horror Films, USA, in 2001. It did not win any of them.

Catherynne M. Valente

Catherynne M. Valente (born Bethany Thomas, May 5, 1979) is an American fiction writer, poet, and literary critic. For her speculative fiction novels she has won the annual James Tiptree, Andre Norton, and Mythopoeic Fantasy Awards. Her short fiction has appeared in Clarkesworld Magazine, the World Fantasy Award–winning anthologies Salon Fantastique and Paper Cities, along with numerous Year's Best volumes. Her critical work has appeared in the International Journal of the Humanities as well as in numerous essay collections.

Catseye (novel)

Catseye is a 1961 science fiction novel by Andre Norton. It tells the story of a boy living as a member of the underclass in the "Dipple", a deprived part of a colony on a distant planet, who discovers an ancient secret that changes his life. Catseye is the first of her Dipple series of novels. The other novels in the Dipple series are Judgment on Janus (1963), Night of Masks (1964), and Forerunner Foray (1973).

Crawford Award

See also Crawford MedalThe IAFA William L. Crawford Fantasy Award (short: Crawford award) is a literary award given to a writer whose first fantasy book was published during the preceding 18 months. It's one of several awards presented by the International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts (IAFA), and is presented at the conference each March in Orlando. The award is named after the publisher and editor, William L. Crawford.The Prize was conceived and established with the help of Andre Norton, who continued to sponsor it for many years.

DAW Books

DAW Books is an American science fiction and fantasy publisher, founded by Donald A. Wollheim following his departure from Ace Books in 1971. The company claims to be "the first publishing company ever devoted exclusively to science fiction and fantasy." The first DAW Book published was the 1972 short story collection Spell of the Witch World, by Andre Norton.In its early years under the leadership of Wollheim and his wife Elsie, DAW gained a reputation of publishing popular, though not always critically acclaimed, works of science fiction and fantasy. Nevertheless, in the 1970s the company published numerous books by award-winning authors such as Marion Zimmer Bradley, Fritz Leiber, Edward Llewellyn, Jerry Pournelle, Roger Zelazny, and many others. In 1982, C. J. Cherryh's Downbelow Station was the first DAW book to win the Hugo Award for best novel, gaining the publishing house increased respect within the industry.Until June 1984, all DAW books were characterized by yellow spines, and a prominent yellow cover box containing the company's logo as well as a chronological publication number. When the design was changed, the chronological number was retained, but moved to the copyright page and renamed the DAW Collectors' Book Number.As of October 2010, the company had published more than 1,500 titles during its 38-year history.Although it has a distribution relationship with Penguin Group and is headquartered in Penguin USA's offices, DAW is editorially independent and closely held by its current publishers, Betsy Wollheim (Donald's daughter) and Sheila E. Gilbert. The company's offices are in New York City.

Edward E. Smith Memorial Award

The Edward E. Smith Memorial Award for Imaginative Fiction, or "Skylark", annually recognizes someone for lifetime contributions to science fiction, "both through work in the field and by exemplifying the personal qualities which made the late "Doc" Smith well-loved by those who knew him." It is presented by the New England Science Fiction Association at its annual convention, Boskone, to someone chosen by a vote of NESFA members. The trophy is a large lens mounted on a simple plinth.The award was inaugurated in 1966, the year after Smith's death. Fifty-one people have been honored in 49 years to 2015 (Hal Clement received the award twice, in 1969 and 1997).

Skylark recipients

Galactic Derelict

Galactic Derelict is a science fiction novel by American writer Andre Norton, the second in her Time Traders series. It was first published in 1959, and as of 2012, had been reprinted in eight editions. It is part of Norton's Forerunner universe.

Galactic Derelict continues the series’ premise, an encounter between Western heroes and a mysterious alien race that has used time travel to alter Earth. This novel shifts between present day and the time of Folsom Man, some 10,000 years ago.

Kirkus Reviews comments for this novel “Andre Norton has no peer in his [​sic​] chosen field of science fiction for teenagers ... [here] there’s a hint of racial antagonism.” (The novel has pointed comments about racism against American Indians.)

In the 2000 republished version Norton changed the word Reds to Russians. No change was made in the story.

I Shall Wear Midnight

I Shall Wear Midnight is comic fantasy novel by English writer Terry Pratchett, set on the Discworld. It is the fourth novel within the Discworld series to be based on the character of Tiffany Aching. It was published on 2 September 2010 in the United Kingdom, and on 28 September in the United States, and won the 2010 Andre Norton Award.It centres on Tiffany Aching, who is now fifteen years old and getting on with the hard work of being a witch. The title is taken from a quotation in A Hat Full of Sky: "When I'm old I shall wear midnight, she'd decided. But for now she'd had enough of darkness."

In an interview at the Guardian Book Club, Pratchett remarked that the book is an urban fantasy.

List of science fiction novels

This is a list of science fiction novels, novel series, and collections of linked short stories. It includes modern novels, as well as novels written before the term "science fiction" was in common use. This list includes novels not marketed as SF but still considered to be substantially science fiction in content by some critics, such as Nineteen Eighty Four. As such, it is an inclusive list, not an exclusive list based on other factors such as level of notability or literary quality. Books are listed in alphabetical order by title, ignoring the leading articles "A", "An", and "The". Novel series are alphabetical by author-designated name or, if there is none, the title of the first novel in the series or some other reasonable designation.


Megacorporation, mega-corporation, or megacorp, a term popularized by William Gibson, derives from the combination of the prefix mega- with the word corporation. It has become widespread in cyberpunk literature. It refers to a corporation (normally fictional) that is a massive conglomerate (usually private), holding monopolistic or near-monopolistic control over multiple markets (thus exhibiting both a horizontal and a vertical monopoly). Megacorps are so powerful that they can ignore the law, possess their own heavily armed (often military-sized) private armies, be the operator of a privatized police force, hold "sovereign" territory, and even act as outright governments. They often exercise a large degree of control over their employees, taking the idea of "corporate culture" to an extreme. Such organizations as a staple of science fiction long predate cyberpunk, appearing in the works of writers such as Philip K. Dick (Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?, 1968), Thea von Harbou (Metropolis, 1927), Robert A. Heinlein (Citizen of the Galaxy, 1957), Robert Asprin (The Cold Cash War, 1977), Andre Norton (the Solar Queen novels) and David Weber (the "Honorverse" novels). The explicit use of the term in the Traveller science fiction roleplaying game from 1977 predates Gibson's use of it.

Sherwood Smith

Sherwood Smith (born 1951) is an American fantasy and science fiction writer for young adults and adults. Smith is a Nebula Award finalist and a longtime writing group organizer and participant.

Smith's works include the YA novel Crown Duel. Smith also collaborated with Dave Trowbridge in writing the Exordium series and with Andre Norton in writing two of the books in the Solar Queen universe.

In 2001, her short story "Mom and Dad at the Home Front" was a finalist for the Nebula Award for Best Short Story. Smith's children's books have made it on many library Best Books lists. Her Wren's War was an Anne Spencer Lindbergh Honor Book, and it and The Spy Princess were Mythopoeic Fantasy Award finalists. She is the current Royal Historian of Oz.

Star Gate (novel)

Star Gate is a science fantasy novel by American writer Andre Norton, published by Harcourt, Brace & Company in 1958. The story is a blend of science fiction with sword and sorcery, continuing the premise that Norton introduced in The Crossroads of Time, mingling technologically advanced aliens (from Earth) with the natives of the far-off world Gorth and a native culture that has achieved the development level of Medieval Europe.

The Beast Master

The Beast Master is a science fiction novel by Andre Norton published by Harcourt in 1959. It inaugurated the Beast Master series, or Hosteen Storm series after the main character. In German-language translation it was published as Der Letzte der Navajos (de: Arthur Moewig Verlag, 1963) —literally The Last of the Navajo.

Norton wrote one sequel published in 1962 and three by Andre Norton and Lyn McConchie of New Zealand were published forty years later, one of them after Norton's 2005 death. According to McConchie, they were "written solely by Lyn from a brief collaborated outline." The first two latterday sequels were named the year's best novel by New Zealand science fiction fans (Sir Julius Vogel Award).

The Halfblood Chronicles

The Halfblood Chronicles is a series of four fantasy books written by Andre Norton and Mercedes Lackey. The series is set in a mystical world of elves, wizards and dragons. The series is released by Tor Books, and comprises Elvenbane (1991), Elvenblood (1995), Elvenborn (2002), and Elvenbred. Elvenbred, the fourth book in the series, has not yet been released. Due to the death of co-author Andre Norton it is stated that the series 4th book has been handed over to Mercedes Lackey as of March 17, 2017 and is intended to be started summer 2017, hopefully to have it finished by 2017's end.

Witch World

Witch World is a speculative fiction project of American writer Andre Norton, inaugurated by her 1963 novel Witch World and continuing more than four decades. Beginning in the mid-1980s, when she was about 75 years old, Norton recruited other writers to the project, and some books were published only after her death in 2005. The Witch World setting is one planet in a parallel universe where magic long ago superseded science; early in the fictional history it is performed exclusively by women. The series began as a hybrid of science fiction and sword and sorcery but for the most part it combines the latter with high fantasy.

Witch World begins with what is now called the Estcarp cycle. These describe the adventures of Simon Tregarth from Earth, his witch wife Jaelithe, and their three children Kyllan, Kemoc and Kaththea.

The series was expanded with the High Hallack cycle, starting with Year of the Unicorn in 1965 and its sequels Jargoon Pard and Gryphon in Glory. The Dales of High Hallack are on a different continent from Estcarp and its neighboring lands.

Mostly these cycles are organized by continent, Estcarp and its neighboring countries being situated on an eastern continent and High Hallack on a western one, with a sea between.

The Turning sequence is about events which convinced conservative witches that men could handle magic responsibly. The Secrets sequence brings many of these story lines to a climax. Both deal with worldwide events. Except for the last Secrets book, most of these were written in collaboration with Norton's fans. The Witch World series can be considered the first romantic fantasy series, both because of the content and because these books were a primary inspiration to later romantic fantasy authors like Mercedes Lackey.

On the Witch World, magical ability is considered to be exclusively female and exercised only by virgins, with the sexual act depriving a witch of her power. Estcarp's male-dominated enemies consider rape as a convenient way of neutralising captive witches. The advent of Simon Tregarth, a man who turns out to possess some magical power and who forms a magical link with the witch Jaelithe after she becomes his wife, poses an uncomfortable challenge to the conservative witch hierarchy, which is by slow degrees forced to accept that males – and females who have relationships with them – can and do possess magic power.

Witch World (novel)

Witch World is a science fantasy novel by American writer Andre Norton, published as a paperback original by Ace Books in 1963. It inaugurated the Witch World series and established a setting that she eventually shared with other writers.The first hardcover edition was published by Gregg Press of Boston in 1977 as #1 in a set of seven called "The Witch World Novels of Andre Norton". Later it appeared in three-novel omnibus editions and in audiobook.

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