André Maurois

André Maurois (French: [mɔʁwa]; born Émile Salomon Wilhelm Herzog; 26 July 1885 – 9 October 1967) was a French author.

AndreMaurois
1970 photograph of André Maurois

Biography

Maurois was born on 26 July 1885 in Elbeuf and educated at the Lycée Pierre Corneille in Rouen,[1] both in Normandy. A member of the Javal family, Maurois was the son of Ernest Herzog, a Jewish textile manufacturer, and his wife Alice Lévy-Rueff. His family had fled Alsace after the Franco-Prussian War of 1870–71 and took refuge in Elbeuf, where they owned a woollen mill.[2] As noted by Maurois, the family brought their entire Alsatian workforce with them to the relocated mill, for which Maurois' grandfather was awarded the Legion of Honour for having "saved a French industry".[3] This family background is reflected in Maurois' "Bernard Quesnay" - the story of a young World War I veteran with artistic and intellectual inclinations who is drawn, much against his will, to work as a director in his grandfather's textile mills - a character clearly having many autobiographical elements.[4][5]

During World War I he joined the French army and served as an interpreter and later a liaison officer with the British army. His first novel, Les silences du colonel Bramble, was a witty and socially realistic account of that experience. It was an immediate success in France. It was translated and became popular in the United Kingdom and other English-speaking countries as The Silence of Colonel Bramble. Many of his other works have also been translated into English,[6] as they often dealt with British people or topics, such as his biographies of Disraeli, Byron, and Shelley.

In 1938 Maurois was elected to the prestigious Académie française. He was encouraged and assisted in seeking this post by Marshal Philippe Pétain, and he made a point of acknowledging with thanks his debt to Pétain in his 1941 autobiography, "Call no man happy" – though by the time of writing their paths had sharply diverged, Pétain having become Head of State of Vichy France.

When World War II began, he was appointed the French Official Observer attached to the British General Headquarters. In this capacity he accompanied the British Army to Belgium. He knew personally the main politicians in the French Government, and on 10 June 1940 he was sent on a mission to London. The Armistice ended that mission. Maurois was demobilised and travelled from England to Canada. He wrote of these experiences in his book, Tragedy in France.[7]

Later in World War II he served in the French army and the Free French Forces.

His Maurois pseudonym became his legal name in 1947.

He died in 1967 in Neuilly-sur-Seine after a long career as an author of novels, biographies, histories, children's books and science fiction stories. He is buried in Neuilly-sur-Seine community cemetery near Paris.

Family

Tombe André Maurois
Family grave.

Maurois's first wife was Jeanne-Marie Wanda de Szymkiewicz, a young Polish-Russian aristocrat who had studied at Oxford University. She had a nervous breakdown in 1918 and in 1924 she died of septicemia. After the death of his father, Maurois gave up the family business of textile manufacturing (in the 1926 novel "Bernard Quesnay" he in effect described an alternative life of himself, in which he would have plunged into the life of a textile industrialist and given up everything else all other things).

Maurois's second wife was Simone de Caillavet, the granddaughter of Anatole France's mistress Léontine Arman de Caillavet. After the fall of France in 1940, the couple moved to the United States to help with propaganda work against the Nazis.[2]

Jean-Richard Bloch was his brother-in-law.[8]

Quotations

  • "The minds of different generations are as impenetrable one by the other as are the monads of Leibniz." (Ariel, 1923.)
  • "Without a family, man, alone in the world, trembles with the cold."[9][10]

Bibliography

  • Climats (illustrated by Jean Hugo)
  • Lelia, ou la vie de George Sand (Lelia, or the life of George Sand) (1952)
  • Histoire d'Angleterre (History of England)
  • Si-- (translation of Kipling's If--, 1918)
  • Ni Ange, Ni Bête (1919) (English, Neither Angel, Nor Beast, translated by Preston and Sylvie Shires)
  • Bernard Quesnay (1927)
  • Aspects of Biography (1929)
  • Patapoufs et Filifers (Fattypuffs and Thinifers) (1930)
  • The Next Chapter: The War Against the Moon (1928)
  • Ariel (a biography of Shelley) (1924)
  • Byron (first published in hardback by Cape in 1930)
  • Captains and Kings
  • Disraeli
  • Mape
  • Lyautey (1931)
  • The Weigher of Souls (1931)
  • The Edwardian Era (1933)
  • The Silence of Colonel Bramble
  • Kipling and His Works from a French Point of View (The Kipling Society, 1934; republished in "Rudyard Kipling: The Critical Heritage", ed. RL Green, 1971 & 1997)
  • Voltaire
  • Dickens
  • Prophets and Poets
  • The Thought Reading Machine
  • Ricochets
  • The Miracle of England
  • Chateaubriand
  • The Art of Living
  • Tragedy in France (1940) (trans. Denver Lindley; Harper & Brothers)
  • I Remember, I Remember
  • The Miracle of America
  • Why France Fell (1941)
  • Les Origines de la Guerre de 1939
  • Woman Without Love
  • My American Journal
  • Olympio: The Turbulent Life of Victor Hugo
  • To an Unknown Lady
  • Prometheus: The Life of Balzac
  • Cecil Rhodes
  • The Life of Sir Alexander Fleming: Discoverer of Penicillin
  • Adrienne, ou, La vie de Mme de La Fayette (Paris, 1960)
  • The World of Marcel Proust
  • Titans: A Three-Generation Biography of the Dumas
  • Call no man happy: Autobiography (originally published 1941; The Reprint Society, 1944.)
  • From My Journal (English, translated by Joan Charles; Harper & Brothers, 1947.)
  • "Histoire de la France" (Librairie Hachette, 1957)
  • The Art of Writing (tr. G. Hopkins, 1960)
  • Points of view from Kipling to Graham Greene (English, 1969)
  • Memoirs 1885-1967 (English, translated by Denver Lindley; Harper & Row, 1970.)
  • The Collected Short Stories of André Maurois (English, translated by Adrienne Foulke)
An Imaginary Interview
Reality Transposed
Darling, Good Evening!
Lord of the Shadows
Ariane, My Sister...
Home Port
Myrrhine
Biography
Thanatos Palace Hotel (adapted as an episode of The Alfred Hitchcock Hour)
Friends
Dinner Under the Chestnut Trees
Bodies and Souls
The Curse of Gold
For Piano Alone
The Departure
The Fault of M. Balzac
Love in Exile
Wednesday's Violets
A Career
Ten Year Later
Tidal Wave
Transference
Flowers in Season
The Will
The Campaign
The Life of Man
The Corinthian Porch
The Cathedral
The Ants
The Postcard
Poor Maman
The Green Belt
The Neuilly Fair
The Birth of a Master
Black Masks
Irène
The Letters
The Cuckoo
The House

References

  1. ^ Lycée Pierre Corneille de Rouen - History
  2. ^ a b Liukkonen, Petri. "André Maurois". Books and Writers (kirjasto.sci.fi). Finland: Kuusankoski Public Library. Archived from the original on 5 December 2006.
  3. ^ Quoted in the forward to "The Silence of Colonel Bramble"
  4. ^ Review by C. D. Stillman, The Harvard Crimson, May 16, 1927 [1]
  5. ^ Cover of the original Gallimard edition [2]
  6. ^ His principal translator into English was Hamish Miles (1894–1937).
  7. ^ Maurois, 1940, Foreword
  8. ^ "Bloch, Jean–Richard - Dictionary definition of Bloch, Jean–Richard | Encyclopedia.com: FREE online dictionary". www.encyclopedia.com. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  9. ^ Main, Jeremy (April 1967). "The Kempers of Kansas City". Fortune. Archived from the original on 2011-07-28. Retrieved 2018-10-18.
  10. ^ Kolbert, Jack (1985). The worlds of André Maurois. Susquehanna University Press. p. 59. ISBN 0-941664-16-3.

External links

1885 in France

Events from the year 1885 in France.

1957 Cannes Film Festival

The 10th Cannes Film Festival was held from 2 to 17 May 1957. The Palme d'Or went to the Friendly Persuasion by William Wyler. The festival opened with Around the World in 80 Days by Michael Anderson.During the 1957 Cannes Film Festival, Dolores del Río was the first female member of the jury for the official selection.

André Chamson

André Chamson (6 June 1900 – 9 November 1983) was a French archivist, novelist and essayist.

He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature.He was the father of the novelist Frédérique Hébrard.

Armand Salacrou

Armand Camille Salacrou (9 August 1899 – 23 November 1989) was a French dramatist.

Château de la Grange-Bléneau

The Château de la Grange-Bléneau is a castle in the commune of Courpalay in the Seine-et-Marne département of France.

Denver Lindley

Denver Lindley (1904-1982) was an American translator noted for his translations of works by Thomas Mann, Hermann Hesse, Ernst Schnabel, André Maurois, and others. Lindley studied at Princeton University and joined Collier's magazine as an editor in 1927.

Elsa Thulin

Elsa Harriet Thulin (née Sachs, born 19 January 1887 in Stockholm, died 29 March 1960 in Stockholm), was a Swedish translator.Thulin went to Wallinska skolan in Stockholm and studied English, German and the Romance languages at Uppsala University, earning her bachelor's degree in 1908.She started translating in her twenties. Her main source language was French; among the works she introduced to Swedish readers were The Plague by Albert Camus, La Symphonie pastorale by André Gide, several books by André Maurois, The Psychology of Art by André Malraux and Wagner by Guy de Pourtalès. She also translated Norwegian (Trygve Gulbranssen, Sigrid Boo), Danish (Ingrid Møller, William Heinesen) and Italian (Luigi Pirandello) authors.She was also a journalist and debater who distinguished herself during World War II by taking a strong anti-Nazi stance. A champion of improving literary translators' working conditions, she led the formation of the Swedish Translators' Association (Swedish: Svenska Översättarförbundet) in 1954 and served as its president until her death.Thulin received the Swedish Academy Translation Award in 1956 but also gave her name to a prize herself, the Elsa Thulin Prize for literary translators, established in 1960. For her contribution to popularizing French culture in Sweden, Thulin was awarded the Ordre des Palmes Académiques and the Legion of Honour. The French daily newspaper Le Figaro paid tribute in an obituary after her death.Elsa Thulin married John Thulin in 1910; they had two children: Ebba, born 1911, and Lars, born 1913.

Entente cordiale (film)

Entente cordiale is a 1939 French drama film directed by Marcel L'Herbier and starring Gaby Morlay, Victor Francen and Pierre Richard-Willm. The film depicts events between the Fashoda crisis in 1898 and the 1904 signing of the Entente Cordiale creating an alliance between Britain and France and ending their historic rivalry. It was based on the book King Edward VII and His Times by André Maurois. It was made with an eye to its propaganda value, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938 and in anticipation of the outbreak of a Second World War which would test the bonds between Britain and France in a conflict with Nazi Germany.

Fattypuffs and Thinifers

Fattypuffs and Thinifers (ISBN 1-903252-07-5) is a 1941 translation of the French children's book Patapoufs et Filifers originally written in 1930 by André Maurois. It concerns the imaginary underground land of the fat and congenial Fattypuffs and the thin and irritable Thinifers, which is visited by the Double brothers, the plump Edmund and the thin Terry. Fattypuffs and Thinifers do not mix, and their respective countries are on the verge of war when Edmund and Terry make their visit.

Haitham Hakki

Haitham Hakki (Arabic: هيثم حقي‎; born 1948) is a Syrian film director, screenplay writer, and film producer. He is regarded as the father of Syrian TV drama. His first film was his graduation film from the Moscow Film Institute in 1973: Hotel Thanatos, an adaptation of a book by André Maurois.

He created his Enterprise Al Rahba for artistic productions in 1987. Al Rahba now has a small cinema-city outside of Damascus.In the 41 years of his working life he wrote hundreds of cinematographic articles as well as political articles, and he published a book, Between Cinema and Television.

Internatsionalnaya Literatura

Internatsionalnaya Literatura (Russian: Интернациональная литература, lit. "International literature") was a monthly literary and political magazine published in the Soviet Union from 1933 to 1943. The magazine was based in Moscow. It was published by the International Association of Revolutionary Writers (Russian: Международное объединение революционных писателей, tr. Mezhdunarodnoe obyedinenie revoljutsionnykh pisatelej) until December 1935. Then the Union of Soviet Writers took over. The magazine had Russian, French, English and German editions. The magazine contained literary criticism of both Soviet and foreign literature, a chronicle of the international literary world, and the works of the "approved" authors, such as Romain Rolland, Ernest Hemingway, Richard Wright, Heinrich Mann, Lion Feuchtwanger, William Saroyan, André Maurois, Luigi Pirandello.

Internatsionalnaya Literatura was created as a result of the merge between the magazines The Bulletin of Foreign Literature (Russian: Вестник иностранной литературы, tr. Vestnik inostrannoj literatury), published in 1928 and 1929–1930, and The World Revolution Literature (Russian: Литература мировой революции, tr. Literatura mirovoj revoljutsii), published in 1931–1932. It was shut down 1943 to be restarted in 1955 as Inostrannaya Literatura.

Jacques Deray

Jacques Deray (19 February 1929 in Lyon – 9 August 2003 in Boulogne-Billancourt) was a French film director and screenwriter. Deray is prominently known for directing many crime and thriller films.

Javal family

The Javal family originated in Alsace. They benefited from Napoleon I's policy of openness toward Jews, and in the 19th century experienced a remarkable ascent, with family members becoming prominent bankers, industrialists, physicians, public officials and artists. Dr Dov Weisbrot says "In the twentieth century, the name Javal was equal in prestige with those of Pereire, Fould, and Rothschild."

The Javal were a family of important captains of industry, businessmen and bankers, well rooted for many generation [in 1889] in Paris and Europe (...) The Javal [...] managed for well over a century that jump in the industrial revolution. Amongst the minority of businessmen and industrials that evolved at the top of French society and integrated with its elite, were the Javal. This family produced all across the 19th century bankers, captains of industry, professors of medicine, high civil servants, members of parliament and artists.The Javal, writes Pierre Birnbaum have known an exceptional financial success. Since the late 18th century, they participated to numerous economic adventures, from railways to textiles and weaved very close links with the business world [...] At the heart of an international industrial network, they start in the early 19th century financial operations on a vast scale, gathering a considerable fortune that places them in the first rank of the social elite.

Labyrinths

Labyrinths (1962, 1964, 1970, 1983) is an award-winning collection of short stories and essays by Jorge Luis Borges translated into the English language, published soon after Borges won the International Publishers' Prize with Samuel Beckett.It includes, among other stories, "Tlön, Uqbar, Orbis Tertius", "The Garden of Forking Paths", and "The Library of Babel", three of Borges' most famous stories. Many of the stories are from the collections Ficciones (1944) and El Aleph (1949). The edition, published only in English, was edited by James E. Irby and Donald A. Yates, with a Preface by André Maurois of the Académie française and an Introduction by Professor Irby.

List of Cannes Film Festival juries (Feature films)

Each year, prior to the beginning of each event, the Cannes Film Festival board of directors appoints the juries who hold sole responsibility for choosing which films will receive an award. Jurors are chosen from a wide range of international artists, based on their body of work and respect from their peers. The jury president is an internationally recognized personality of cinema. This list covers the juries for the "Feature films".

List of Cannes Film Festival jury presidents

Each year, the jury of the Cannes Film Festival is chaired by an internationally recognized personality of cinema. Being appointed to this position is the recognition of an outstanding career.

Since 1960, there has been only one personality to get this honor twice: Jeanne Moreau in 1975 and 1995. The last non-professional film personality to be president of the jury is the American writer William Styron in 1983.

Since 1987, the Official Selection includes a separate jury and its President in the frame of the Caméra d'Or ("Golden Camera") which chooses its best feature film presented in one of the Cannes' selections (Official Selection, Directors' Fortnight, or International Critics' Week). Since 1998, another separate jury and its President have been added for the films of the Un Certain Regard section.

Lycée André Maurois (Deauville)

The Lycée André Maurois is a secondary school in Deauville, France.

Prix Blumenthal

The Prix Blumenthal (or Blumenthal Prize) was a grant or stipend awarded through the philanthropy of Florence Meyer Blumenthal (1875–1930) — and the foundation she created, Fondation franco-américaine Florence Blumenthal (Franco-American Florence Blumenthal Foundation) — to discover young French artists, aid them financially, and in the process draw the United States and France closer together through the arts.Winners were designated by seven juries in the fields of the literature, painting, sculpture, decorative arts, structure, engraving and music — to receive a purse of six thousand francs per year, given for two years. The purse increased in 1926 until Blumenthal's death in 1930 to ten thousand francs for two years.

Jurors included philosopher Henri Bergson; novelist Roland Dorgelès; novelist, essayist, diplomat and playwright Jean Giraudoux; writer Anna de Noailles; poet and essayist Paul Valéry; painter Paul Signac, painter and printmaker Édouard Vuillard, sculptor Paul Landowski, painter and sculptor Aristide Maillol, architect Auguste Perret, composer Paul Dukas, composer Maurice Ravel and composer/conductor Guy Ropartz.

Composer Georges Migot served as vice-president and subsequently as president (1931–1935) of the foundation, as well as the archivist of the winners.Beginning in 1919 the foundation awarded nearly two hundred grants, and on April 11, 1937, the Prix Blumenthal was declared d'utilité publique ("of public service"), giving it a special tax classification. Awards were given through 1954. At the time of the foundation's dissolution in 1973 it was under the direction of Georges Huisman, director of the école des Beaux-Arts, along with author André Maurois and novelist Roland Dorgelès.In 2010 (May 14 – June 5), the Médiathèque of Haguenau hosted an exhibit of the Florence Blumenthal archives.

Ryōzō Nagashima

Ryōzō Nagashima (長島 良三, Nagashima Ryōzō, 1936 – October 14, 2013) was a Japanese editor, writer, and translator.

A graduate of Meiji University's French Literature Department, he joined Hayakawa Shobō, a publishing company, where he stayed until 1975 specializing in translating French literature, translating, among others, works by André Maurois, Boris Vian, Georges Simenon, Maurice Leblanc. In 1985, he published Dorafuto Renzoku Satsujin Jiken (ドラフト連続殺人事件, lit. The Draft Serial Murders). He also used the pseudonym Ryōzō Kitamura (北村良三, Kitamura Ryōzō).

He died on October 14, 2013 of heart failure.

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