Andenes (help·info) is the administrative centre of Andøy Municipality which is located in the Vesterålen district of Nordland county, Norway. The village of Andenes is the northernmost settlement of the island of Andøya (and in Nordland county). To the east is the island of Senja (in Troms county), and to the west the endless horizon of the North Atlantic Ocean. Andenes Lighthouse sits along the harbor and can be seen for long distances. Andøya Airport, Andenes is located just south of the village, off of Norwegian County Road 82.
View of Andenes (seen from Mount Røyken)
|• Total||1.77 km2 (0.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|• Density||1,522/km2 (3,940/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
The municipality of Andenes was established on 1 January 1924 when it was separated from Dverberg municipality. Initially, Andenes had 2,213 residents. On 1 January 1964, Andenes was merged with Dverberg and Bjørnskinn municipalities to create the new municipality of Andøy.
In the early 1980s, the population of the village of Andenes was 3,770, which made it the largest village in Vesterålen. The downsizing of Andøya Air Station and general population centralization in Norway has led to a dramatic decline in inhabitants over the last 20 years.
The Old Norse form of the name was Andarnes (from originally Amdarnes). The first element is the genitive case of Ömd (the old name of the island Andøya) and the last element is nes which means "headland".
The construction of Andøya Air Station was commissioned in 1952 and funded in large part by NATO. It was to be situated between Haugnes and Andenes. A DC-3 Dakota of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) undertook the first landing on 17 September 1954. The air station however was not fully operative until 15 September 1957.
In 1961, the 333 Squadron was moved from Sola Air Station to Andøya with their Grumman HU-16 Albatross. In 1969, these were replaced by the Lockheed P-3 Orion. In 1989, the Lockheed P-3C Orion replaced the aging P-3Bs. However, two of the newest P-3Bs were converted to P-3Ns and fly missions for the Norwegian Coast Guard. Besides fisheries, Andøya Air Station has been the largest workplace in Andøy since the 1970s.
In the autumn of 2011, an Orion aircraft from Andenes patrolled the Indian Ocean from a forward base in the Seychelles, supported by 44 personnel and contributing 29 patrols of 8–10 hours to NATO's anti-piracy operation. The flights led directly to the arrest of five pirate groups.
Andenes has a climate on the boundary between the subarctic and the subpolar oceanic climates, due to it being extremely mild for its latitude as a result of Gulf Stream influence. Summers are extremely cool due to the moderation, whereas even during the polar night period, daytime highs frequently rise above freezing.
|Climate data for Andenes|
|Record high °C (°F)||9.0
|Average high °C (°F)||1.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−4.1
|Record low °C (°F)||−19.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||118.2
|Source: Météo Climat  |
Andenes Church is located in the central part of the village. The local newspaper is named Andøyposten. Andenes hosts the annual "Rock mot Rus" (Rock against drugs) festival, where young people perform their own rock music as well as more known headliner such as Dead by April, Dimmu Borgir, Kvelertak, Turdus Musicus and Torch.
Andenes is a former municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The 71-square-kilometre (27 sq mi) municipality existed from 1924 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality included the northern part of the island of Andøya as well as many small surrounding islets and skerries in what is now Andøy Municipality. The administrative centre was the village of Andenes where the Andenes Church is located.Andenes Church
Andenes Church (Norwegian: Andenes kirke) is a parish church of the Church of Norway in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Andenes on the northern tip of the island of Andøya. It is the church for the Andenes parish which is part of the Vesterålen prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland. The white, wooden church was built in a long church style in 1876 by the architect Ingebrigt Julin. The church seats about 400 people.Andenes Knoll
Andenes Knoll (72°26′S 22°50′W) is the southeastern most knoll in a group of three knolls in the Weddell Sea, the other two being Explora Knoll and Polarstern Knoll. It was named for the Norwegian coast-guard vessel K.V. Andenes, the name being proposed by Dr. Heinrich Hinze of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, Germany, and approved by the Advisory Committee on Undersea Features in June, 1997.Andenes Lighthouse
Andenes Lighthouse (Norwegian: Andenes fyr) is a coastal lighthouse in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is located in the village of Andenes at the northern end of the island of Andøya in the Vesterålen archipelago. It was established in 1859 and automated in 1978. The lighthouse was listed as a protected site in 1999.The lighthouse emits a continuous white light with a more intense flash every 30 seconds. The light sits atop a 40-metre (130 ft) tall red round cast iron tower. The light can be seen for about 18 nautical miles (33 km; 21 mi). The light burns from August 10 until April 26 each year, but there is no light the rest of the year due to the midnight sun at this location. The lighthouse is managed by the nearby Andøy Museum (Andøymuseet), which offers guided tours during the summer season. As a result, this is the best known and most visited lighthouse of Norway's Arctic region.Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry
Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry is an automotive ferry service connecting the islands of Andøya (in Nordland county) and Senja (in Troms county) in Norway. Operated by Troms fylkestrafikk, the crossing between the villages of Andenes in Andøy Municipality and Gryllefjord in Torsken Municipality takes 1 hour and 40 minutes. The service is only operated from late May until late August, and it has three crossings per day.The 37-kilometre (23 mi) long crossing is part of County Road 82, although the road continues as County Road 86 at Gryllestad. Both routes are classified as National Tourist Routes.Andfjorden
Andfjorden is a fjord on the border of Nordland and Troms counties in Norway. It primarily flows between the large islands of Andøya and Senja. Grytøya and the smaller islands Bjarkøya and Krøttøya are located in the fjord. The main crossing is via the Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry between Andøy and Torsken municipalities. Other municipalities through which the fjord flows are Tranøy, Harstad, and Kvæfjord.
The fjord is about 60 kilometres (37 mi) long, has a maximum width of 30 kilometres (19 mi), and has a maximum depth of 517 metres (1,696 ft) which makes it a rich feeding ground for Sperm whales and Killer whales. Whale safaris are run from Andenes and from Krøttøya. Several other fjords branch off the Andfjorden including the Kvæfjorden, Godfjorden, and the Vågsfjorden.At the tiny Steinavær islands in the Andfjorden, there is a large coral reef.Andén
An andén (plural andenes), Spanish for "platform", is a stair-step like terrace dug into the slope of a hillside for agricultural purposes. The term is most often used to refer to the terraces built by pre-Columbian cultures in the Andes mountains of South America. Andenes had several functions, the most important of which was to increase the amount of cultivatable land available to farmers by leveling a planting area for crops. The best known examples of andenes are in Peru, especially in the Sacred Valley near the Inca capital of Cuzco and in the Colca Canyon. Many andenes have survived for more than 500 years and are still in use by farmers throughout the region.
The benefits of andenes include utilizing steep slopes for agriculture, minimizing the threat of freezes, increasing exposure to sunlight, controlling erosion, improving absorption of water, and better aeration of the soil. The construction and use of andenes for crops enabled agriculture in the Andes to expand into climatically marginal areas of low or seasonal rainfall, low temperatures, and thin soils.Andøy
Andøy is the northernmost municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the Vesterålen archipelago. The main island in the municipality is Andøya. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Andenes. Other villages in the municipality include Bjørnskinn, Bleik, Dverberg, Fiskenes, Fornes, Nordmela, Risøyhamn, Skarstein, Å, Åknes, and Åse.
The 656-square-kilometre (253 sq mi) municipality is the 171st largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Andøy is the 205th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 4,902. The municipality's population density is 7.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (20/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 3.5% over the last decade.Andøya
Andøya is the northernmost island in the Vesterålen archipelago, situated about 300 kilometres (190 mi) inside the Arctic circle. Andøya is located in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The main population centres on the island include the villages of Andenes, Bleik, and Risøyhamn.
The island has an area of 489 square kilometres (189 sq mi), making it the tenth largest island in Norway. The island is connected to the neighboring island of Hinnøya via the Andøy Bridge. The Andfjorden lies to the east of the island, the Risøysundet strait lies to the south and east side of the island, and the Gavlfjorden lies to the southwest side. The Norwegian Sea lies to the west and north.The numerous bog areas on Andøya are used for the extensive production of peat. Andøya is also well known for its cloudberries. Besides the flat and largely continuous bog areas, Andøya also consists of steep mountain ranges reaching up to 700 metres (2,300 ft) high. The sharp peak of Kvasstinden is the highest point on the island at 705 metres (2,313 ft). The Andøya Rocket Range which was founded in 1962 is also located on the island near the Andøya Air Station.Andøya Air Station
Andøya Air Station (Norwegian: Andøya Flystasjon) is a military air station in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The station is located near the village of Andenes at the northern end of the island of Andøya in the Vesterålen archipelago. The 333 Squadron of the Norwegian air force is based here with P-3C Orions. The squadron is Norway's only surveillance squadron and stands as the airborne defence of northern Norway. Andøya Air Station is designed to handle fighters and should it become necessary, fighter squadrons can be deployed to protect this region. Squadron 333 is the only Norwegian squadron still in operation after its initial deployment.
The civil airport Andøya Airport, Andenes and the civilian sounding rocket launch facility Andøya Rocket Range are also located on the island.
The primary function of the six Orion aircraft is surveillance, mostly in the North and for both military and civilian functions. The planes are also the only aircraft that can provide assistance to stricken ships far from land. The aircraft frequently cooperate with the Norwegian Coast Guard.
The government voted in 2016 to put new Maritime Patrol Aircraft along with the F-35 aircraft at Evenes Air Station. Evenes will be strengthened with the establishment of dedicated base defence units and long-range air defences at the same site, so Andøya air station is slated for closure.Andøya Airport, Andenes
Andøya Airport, Andenes (Norwegian: Andøya lufthavn, Andenes; IATA: ANX, ICAO: ENAN) is a domestic airport located in the village of Andenes in Andøy Municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is situated on the northern tip of the island of Andøya. The airport is the civilian sector of Andøya Air Station and is operated by the state-owned Avinor. The airport consists of two runways, 2,468 and 1,672 meters (8,097 and 5,486 ft) long, and served 48,254 passengers in 2012. Widerøe operates public service obligation (PSO) flights to Bodø, Tromsø, Stokmarknes and Harstad/Narvik, while Norwegian Air Shuttle operates seasonal flights to Oslo.
Construction of the air station started in 1952 to host the 333 Squadron. Civilian operations started in 1964, when Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) started flights to Oslo. Widerøe started serving the airport as part of the regional network in 1972, with SAS withdrawing four years later. Widerøe originally used the Twin Otter, replacing it with the Dash 7 from 1981 and the Dash 8 between 1993 and 1995. Routes have been subject to PSO flights since 1997; these have been operated by Norwegian Air Shuttle for part of 2003 and by Coast Air for part of 2006 og 2007, and otherwise by Widerøe.Bjørnskinn (municipality)
Bjørnskinn is a former municipality in Nordland county, Norway. The 310-square-kilometre (120 sq mi) municipality existed from 1924 until its dissolution in 1964. The municipality was centered around the Risøysundet strait. It encompassed the southern part of the island of Andøya and the northern part of the island of Hinnøya in the southern part of what is now Andøy Municipality. The administrative centre was the small village of Bjørnskinn where Bjørnskinn Church is located. The largest village in Bjørnskinn was the village of Risøyhamn.David Pedersen
David Pedersen (born May 15, 1986 in Andenes, Vesterålen) is a Norwegian singer and came in 3rd place on Idol in 2003. The next year David was asked to join the band Carnival. The band only released one single before disbanding in late 2006.Gryllefjord
Gryllefjord is a fishing village and also the administrative centre of Torsken Municipality in Troms county, Norway. It is located on the island of Senja, along the Gryllefjorden in the northern part of the municipality. The 0.25-square-kilometre (62-acre) village has a population (2017) of 383 which gives the village a population density of 1,532 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,970/sq mi).The Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry, is a car ferry service that runs during the summer to Andenes on the island of Andøya. The village is connected by road to the village of Torsken, about 4 km (2.5 mi) south, and to the larger community of Finnsnes, about 60 km (37 mi) east.HMS Acanthus
HMS Acanthus was a Flower-class corvette of the Royal Navy.Nordkapp-class offshore patrol vessel
The Nordkapp class is a Norwegian Coast Guard ship class built in the 1980s, and is used for rescue, fishery inspection, research purposes and general EEZ patrol in Norwegian waters. It is a class of ships purpose built for the Norwegian Coast Guard with a secondary role as wartime naval escorts. The Norwegian Coast Guard is a part of the Royal Norwegian Navy, and has some police authority.
In June 2018 it was announced that the Vard Group, a subsidiary of Fincantieri, would built three replacement vessels for NOK 5 billion (US$ 605 million); delivery of the three new vessels is scheduled to be in 1Q 2022, 1Q 2023, and 1Q 2024, respectively.Norwegian County Road 82
County Road 82 (Norwegian: Fylkesvei 82) is a road in Nordland county, Norway. It runs between the village of Fiskebøl (in Hadsel Municipality) and the town of Andenes (in Andøy Municipality). The road runs through the municipalities of Hadsel, Sortland, and Andøy. At Fiskebøl, the road intersects with the European route E10 highway before crossing the Hadselfjorden on the Fiskebøl–Melbu Ferry. Bridges on the road include Andøy Bridge, Sortland Bridge, Hadsel Bridge, and Børøy Bridge. Two sections are designated as part of two National Tourist Routes in Norway: the section from the intersection with E10 to Fiskebøl is part of Lofoten National Tourist Route, and the section through Andenes is part of Andenes National Tourist Route. During summer, the Andenes–Gryllefjord Ferry connects to County Road 86 at Gryllefjord on the island of Senja. Before 1 January 2010, the road was called National Road 82 (Norwegian: Riksvei 82), but due to reforms that went into effect on that day, the county took over the ownership and maintenance of the road.Paucarpata District
Paucarpata District is one of the twenty-nine districts of the Arequipa Province in Peru. It is noted for its terraced agricultural hills, called andenes in Spanish.Wiñay Wayna
Wiñay Wayna (2650 m) (Quechua for "forever young", hispanicized spelling Huiñay Huayna) is an Inca ruin along the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu. It is built into a steep hillside overlooking the Urubamba River. The site consists of upper and lower house complexes connected by a staircase and fountain structures. Above and below the houses the people built areas of agricultural terraces or andenes, which are still visible.
A camp site for hikers with the same name is located in the vicinity and is usually used as the last overnight camping site for hikers undertaking the classical Inca Trail.