Andenes

 Andenes  is the administrative centre of Andøy Municipality which is located in the Vesterålen district of Nordland county, Norway. The village of Andenes is the northernmost settlement of the island of Andøya (and in Nordland county). To the east is the island of Senja (in Troms county), and to the west the endless horizon of the North Atlantic Ocean. Andenes Lighthouse sits along the harbor and can be seen for long distances. Andøya Airport, Andenes is located just south of the village, off of Norwegian County Road 82.

The 1.76-square-kilometre (430-acre) village has a population (2017) of 2,693 which gives the village a population density of 1,530 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,000/sq mi).[1]

Andenes
Village
View of Andenes (seen from Mount Røyken)
View of Andenes (seen from Mount Røyken)
Andenes is located in Nordland
Andenes
Andenes
Location in Nordland
Andenes is located in Norway
Andenes
Andenes
Andenes (Norway)
Coordinates: 69°18′52″N 16°07′10″E / 69.3144°N 16.1194°ECoordinates: 69°18′52″N 16°07′10″E / 69.3144°N 16.1194°E
CountryNorway
RegionNorthern Norway
CountyNordland
DistrictVesterålen
MunicipalityAndøy Municipality
Area[1]
 • Total1.76 km2 (0.68 sq mi)
Elevation[2]6 m (20 ft)
Population (2017)[1]
 • Total2,693
 • Density1,530/km2 (4,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Post Code8480 Andenes
ClimateCfc

History

Fishing Boats, Andenes
View of the local fishing boats
Andenes-motfyr
Andenes harbour

Andenes was already an important fishing village during the Iron Age. By the early 1900s, it had become one of the largest fishing ports in Norway.

The municipality of Andenes was established on 1 January 1924 when it was separated from Dverberg municipality. Initially, Andenes had 2,213 residents. On 1 January 1964, Andenes was merged with Dverberg and Bjørnskinn municipalities to create the new municipality of Andøy.

In the early 1980s, the population of the village of Andenes was 3,770, which made it the largest village in Vesterålen. The downsizing of Andøya Air Station and general population centralization in Norway has led to a dramatic decline in inhabitants over the last 20 years.

Name

The Old Norse form of the name was Andarnes (from originally Amdarnes). The first element is the genitive case of Ömd (the old name of the island Andøya) and the last element is nes which means "headland".[3]

Air Station

The construction of Andøya Air Station was commissioned in 1952 and funded in large part by NATO. It was to be situated between Haugnes and Andenes. A DC-3 Dakota of the Royal Norwegian Air Force (RNoAF) undertook the first landing on 17 September 1954. The air station however was not fully operative until 15 September 1957.

In 1961, the 333 Squadron was moved from Sola Air Station to Andøya with their Grumman HU-16 Albatross. In 1969, these were replaced by the Lockheed P-3 Orion. In 1989, the Lockheed P-3C Orion replaced the aging P-3Bs. However, two of the newest P-3Bs were converted to P-3Ns and fly missions for the Norwegian Coast Guard. Besides fisheries, Andøya Air Station has been the largest workplace in Andøy since the 1970s.

In the autumn of 2011, an Orion aircraft from Andenes patrolled the Indian Ocean from a forward base in the Seychelles, supported by 44 personnel and contributing 29 patrols of 8–10 hours to NATO's anti-piracy operation.[4] The flights led directly to the arrest of five pirate groups.

Geography

The village lies 300 kilometres (190 mi) north of the Arctic Circle and the midnight sun is visible from May 19 to July 25. The sun is below the horizon from November 25 to January 28.

Climate

Andenes has a climate on the boundary between the subarctic and the subpolar oceanic climates, due to it being extremely mild for its latitude as a result of Gulf Stream influence. Summers are extremely cool due to the moderation, whereas even during the polar night period, daytime highs frequently rise above freezing.

Climate data for Andenes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
8.1
(46.6)
9.6
(49.3)
15.1
(59.2)
21.1
(70)
26.1
(79)
27.6
(81.7)
25.3
(77.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.6
(61.9)
12.5
(54.5)
15.1
(59.2)
27.6
(81.7)
Average high °C (°F) 1.1
(34)
0.6
(33.1)
1.3
(34.3)
4.0
(39.2)
8.1
(46.6)
10.9
(51.6)
13.8
(56.8)
13.7
(56.7)
10.6
(51.1)
6.6
(43.9)
3.2
(37.8)
1.6
(34.9)
6.3
(43.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
1.4
(34.5)
5.6
(42.1)
8.6
(47.5)
11.4
(52.5)
11.2
(52.2)
8.1
(46.6)
4.3
(39.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.9
(39)
Average low °C (°F) −4.1
(24.6)
−4.3
(24.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.0
(37.4)
6.4
(43.5)
9.1
(48.4)
8.7
(47.7)
5.6
(42.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−1.3
(29.7)
−3.4
(25.9)
1.4
(34.5)
Record low °C (°F) −19.9
(−3.8)
−18.4
(−1.1)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−13.6
(7.5)
−10.5
(13.1)
−1.1
(30)
0.6
(33.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.0
(12.2)
−14.1
(6.6)
−17.4
(0.7)
−19.9
(−3.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 118.2
(4.654)
102.7
(4.043)
88.4
(3.48)
74.7
(2.941)
59.2
(2.331)
52.5
(2.067)
66.4
(2.614)
75.6
(2.976)
110.9
(4.366)
146.0
(5.748)
107.8
(4.244)
119.1
(4.689)
1,122.1
(44.177)
Source: Météo Climat [5] [6]

Culture

Andenes Church is located in the central part of the village. The local newspaper is named Andøyposten. Andenes hosts the annual "Rock mot Rus" (Rock against drugs) festival, where young people perform their own rock music as well as more known headliner such as Dead by April, Dimmu Borgir, Kvelertak, Turdus Musicus and Torch.

Notable residents

References

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2017). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality".
  2. ^ "Andenes, Andøy (Nordland)". yr.no. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 402.
  4. ^ "Har avslørt fem piratgrupper utenfor Somalia" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten.
  5. ^ "Météo Climat stats for Andeyes". Météo Climat. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  6. ^ "Météo climat stats extreme values for Andeyes". Météo Climat. Retrieved 24 March 2017.

External links

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