Anchieta's pipistrelle

Anchieta's pipistrelle (Pipistrellus anchietae)[4] is a species of vesper bat. It is found in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Madagascar. The species inhabits dry savanna and moist savanna habitats.

Anchieta's pipistrelle
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Pipistrellus
Species:
P. anchietae
Binomial name
Pipistrellus anchietae
Seabra, 1900
Distribution of Hypsugo anchietae
Synonyms[3][4]
  • Vesperugo anchieta Seabra, 1900 (original name)
  • Vesperugo anchietae Seabra, 1900 (emendation)
  • Pipistrellus anchietae Monard, 1935
  • Pipistrellus anchietai Ellerman et al., 1953 (unjustified emendation)
  • Hypsugo anchietae Kearney, et al., 2002[2]

Taxonomy and etymology

It was described as a new species in 1900 by Antero Frederico de Seabra. Seabra gave it the binomial of Vesperugo anchieta. The specific epithet anchieta was emended to anchietae, which is the current specific epithet. Seabra made an error in his original spelling and corrected it in a later publication in 1900.[5] The holotype had been collected in Cahata, Angola.[6] The eponym for the species name "anchietae" is José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta, a Portuguese zoologist.

Description

It has a head and body length of 40 mm (1.6 in). Its ear is 11 mm (0.43 in) long; its tail is 32 mm (1.3 in) long; its forearm is 35 mm (1.4 in) long.[6]

Range and habitat

It is found in several countries in Africa, including Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Africa, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.[7] It has also been documented in Madagascar, though observations are rare.[1] It is found in association with riparian habitats, as well as coastal and scrub forests. It has been documented in the Bushveld ecoregion, often near open water.[7]

References

  1. ^ a b Monadjem, A.; Griffin, M.; Cotterill, F.; Jacobs, D.; Taylor, P.J. (2017). "Pipistrellus anchietae". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T44851A22072042. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T44851A22072042.en.
  2. ^ Kearney, Teresa C.; Volleth, Marianne; Contrafatto, Giancarlo; Taylor, Peter J. (2002). "Systematic Implications of Chromosome Gtg-Band and Bacula Morphology for Southern African Eptesicus and Pipistrellus and Several Other Species of Vespertilioninae (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)". Acta Chiropterologica. 4 (1): 55–76. doi:10.3161/001.004.0107.
  3. ^ Kock, Dieter (2001). "Rousettus aegyptiacus (E. Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1810) and Pipistrellus anchietae (Seabra, 1900), justified emendations of original spellings". Acta Chiropterologica. 3 (2): 245–248.
  4. ^ a b Kearney, Teresa (2013). "Pipistrellus anchietae Anchieta's Pipistrelle". In Happold, Meredith; Happold, David C. D. (eds.). Hedgehogs, Shrews and Bats. Mammals of Africa. 4. London: Bloomsbury. pp. 610–611.
  5. ^ Seabra, A. F. (1900). "Diagnoses de quelques nouvelles especes et variétés de Chiropteres d'Afrique". Jornal de Sciencias, Mathematicas, Physicas e Naturaes, Lisboa. 2. 6: 120–121.
  6. ^ a b Seabra, A. D. (1900). "Sombre um caracter importante para a determinacao dos generos e especies dos microchiropteros e lista das especies d'este grupo existentes nas colleccoes do Museu Nacional". Jornal de Sciencias, Mathemáticas, Physicas, e Naturaes. 2. 6: 26.
  7. ^ a b Kingdon, J.; Happold, D.; Butynski, T.; Hoffmann, M.; Happold, M.; Kalina, J. (2013). Mammals of Africa. 4. A&C Black. pp. 610–611. ISBN 978-1408122549.
Antero Frederico de Seabra

Antero Frederico de Seabra (sometimes Anthero; 1874–1952) was a Portuguese naturalist.

He was founder and president of the Society of Biological Sciences.

He particularly specialized in entomology, publishing a series of foundational papers on the family Aradidae.

Arielulus

Arielulus is a genus of vesper bats with the following species, sometimes in Pipistrellus:

Genus Arielulus

Collared pipistrelle (A. aureocollaris)

Black-gilded pipistrelle (A. circumdatus)

Coppery pipistrelle (A. cuprosus)

Social pipistrelle (A. societatis)

Necklace pipistrelle (A. torquatus)

Barbastella

Barbastella is a small genus of vespertilionid bats. There are five described species in this genus.

Brazilian brown bat

The Brazilian brown bat (Eptesicus brasiliensis), is a bat species from South and Central America.

D'Anchieta's fruit bat

D'Anchieta's fruit bat (Plerotes anchietae) is a species of megabat in the family Pteropodidae. It is the only species in the genus Plerotes. It is found in Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Malawi, and Zambia, where it lives in subtropical or tropical dry forests, dry savanna, and moist savanna. It is listed as Data Deficient on the IUCN Red List. The scientific and common names for the species commemorate José Alberto de Oliveira Anchieta, who is also honoured in the names of Anchieta's Pipistrelle (Hypsugo anchietae) and the Angolan Vlei Rat (Otomys anchietae). It was described in 1900 by Antero Frederico de Seabra, under the name Epomorphus anchietae.

Desert pipistrelle

The desert pipistrelle (Hypsugo ariel) is a species of vesper bat in the genus Hypsugo. It is found in Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Yemen. Some of the Arabian populations were previously regarded as a separate species, Hypsugo bodenheimeri, but the proposed differences between the two do not hold. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, rocky areas, and hot deserts.

Grey long-eared bat

The grey long-eared bat (Plecotus austriacus) is a fairly large European bat. It has distinctive ears, long and with a distinctive fold. It hunts above woodland, often by day, and mostly for moths. It is extremely similar to the more common brown long-eared bat, and was only distinguished in the 1960s, but has a paler belly.

Hypsugo

The genus Hypsugo contains many bats referred to as pipistrelles or pipistrelle bats. They belong to the family Vespertilionidae or vesper bats within the order Chiroptera.

Laephotis

Laephotis is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae. Species within this genus are:

Angolan long-eared bat (Laephotis angolensis)

Botswanan long-eared bat (Laephotis botswanae)

Namib long-eared bat (Laephotis namibensis)

De Winton's long-eared bat (Laephotis wintoni)

Moloney's mimic bat

Moloney's mimic bat (Mimetillus moloneyi) is a species of vesper bat. It can be found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zambia. It is found in subtropical or tropical dry or moist forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, subtropical or tropical moist montane forests, dry and moist savanna.

Neoromicia

Neoromicia is a genus of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

It contains the following species:

Dark-brown serotine (Neoromicia brunneus)

Cape serotine (Neoromicia capensis)

Yellow serotine (Neoromicia flavescens)

Neoromicia grandidieri

Tiny serotine (Neoromicia guineensis)

Heller's pipistrelle (Neoromicia helios)

Isabelline white-winged serotine (Neoromicia isabella)

Isalo serotine (Neoromicia malagasyensis)

Malagasy serotine (Neoromicia matroka)

Melck's house bat (Neoromicia melckorum)

Banana pipistrelle (Neoromicia nana)

Rendall's serotine (Neoromicia rendalli)

Rosevear's serotine (Neoromicia roseveari)

Neoromicia robertsi

Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalicus)

Neoromicia stanleyi

White-winged serotine (Neoromicia tenuipinnis)

Aloe serotine (Neoromicia zuluensis)

Nyctalus

Nyctalus is a genus of vespertilionid bats commonly known as the noctule bats. They are distributed in the temperate and subtropical areas of Europe, Asia and North Africa.

There are eight species within this genus:

Birdlike noctule, Nyctalus aviator

Azores noctule, Nyctalus azoreum

Japanese noctule, Nyctalus furvus

Greater noctule bat, Nyctalus lasiopterus

Lesser noctule, Nyctalus leisleri

Mountain noctule, Nyctalus montanus

Common noctule, Nyctalus noctula

Chinese noctule, Nyctalus plancyi

Pipistrellus

For the light aircraft manufacturer, see Pipistrel.

Pipistrellus is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae and subfamily Vespertilioninae. The name of the genus is derived from the Italian word pipistrello, meaning "bat" (from Latin vespertilio "bird of evening, bat").

The size of the genus has been considerably reduced as a result of work during the 1990s and 2000s, with genera such as Arielulus, Hypsugo, Falsistrellus, Neoromicia, Parastrellus, Perimyotis, Scotozous, and Vespadelus being split off. Still, molecular evidence suggests the genus is not monophyletic. Several other genera in the subfamily Vespertilioninae have also been merged with Pipistrellus in previous classifications. Species in the genus may be referred to as "pipistrelles" or "pipistrelle bats", though these terms are also used for species now placed in other genera, such as the western pipistrelle (Parastrellus hesperus) and eastern pipistrelle (Perimyotis subflavus) of North America. Species of the southern hemisphere separated to genus Falsistrellus are sometimes referred to as 'false pipistrelle' or 'falsistrelle'.They are somewhat distinguished from their much larger relatives, the noctule bats Nyctalus by their weak, fluttery flight reminiscent of a butterfly, though a few species are more direct in their flight.

Scotoecus

Scotoecus is a genus of bats in the family Vespertilionidae.

Scotophilus tandrefana

The western yellow bat (Scotophilus tandrefana) is a species of vesper bat endemic to Madagascar.

Silvered bat

The silvered bat (Glauconycteris argentata) is a species of vesper bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

It is found in Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Rwanda, and Tanzania.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and moist savanna.

Somali serotine

The Somali serotine (Neoromicia somalica) is a species of vesper bat.

It is found in Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.

Its natural habitats are dry savanna and moist savanna.

Tiny pipistrelle

The tiny pipistrelle (Pipistrellus nanulus) is a species of vesper bat. It can be found in Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Uganda. It is found in subtropical or tropical dry forest, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forest, and moist savanna.

Vespertilioninae

The Vespertilioninae are a subfamily of vesper bats from the family Vespertilionidae.

Species of subfamily Vespertilioninae
Aeorestes
Antrozous
Arielulus
Barbastella
Bauerus
Chalinolobus
Corynorhinus
Dasypterus
Eptesicus
Euderma
Eudiscopus
Falsistrellus
Glauconycteris
Glischropus
Hesperoptenus
Histiotus
Hypsugo
Ia
Idionycteris
Laephotis
Lasionycteris
Lasiurus
Mimetillus
Neoromicia
Niumbaha
Nyctalus
Nycticeinops
Nycticeius
Nyctophilus
Otonycteris
Parastrellus
Perimyotis
Pharotis
Philetor
Pipistrellus
Plecotus
Rhogeessa
Scoteanax
Scotoecus
Scotomanes
Scotophilus
Scotorepens
Scotozous
Tylonycteris
Vespadelus
Vespertilio

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