Anchiale

Anchiale (Ancient Greek: Ἀγχιάλη) or Anchialeia was a historic city of ancient Cilicia near modern Mersin, Turkey. It was inhabited during the Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine eras.[1]

Karaduvar aqueduct
Karadıvar aqueduct in Mersin, Turkey

History

The main informant about Anchiale was Strabo. According to Strabo the city had been constructed by Sardanapalus, the last king of Assyria. Strabo further claims that Sardanapalus' tomb is in Anchiale. The city was conquered by Alexander the Great just before the battle of Issus.

Geography

The site of Anchiale is located near Yümüktepe in Asiatic Turkey.[1][2]

Ruins

As Beaufort points out there are only a few ruins. There are a tumulus, several house ruins and an aqueduct from the original city. Bath mosaic is from Roman times.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 66, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  3. ^ Travel page (in Turkish)

Coordinates: 36°48′04″N 34°36′15″E / 36.80123°N 34.60406°E

Anchiale (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Anchiale or Ankhiale (Ancient Greek: Ἀγχιάλη) was the name of the following personages:

Anchiale, said to have founded the town of Anchiale near Tarsus in Cilicia. Her father was named Iapetus, and she had a son named Cydnus.

Anchiale, a Cretan nymph, who gave birth to the metalworking Idaean Dactyls in the Dictaean cave. She was also seen as a Titan goddess and perhaps represented the warmth of fire. She was the wife of Hecaterus.

Anchiale, according to Servius, was the mother of Oaxes by Apollo.

Ariassus

Ariassus or Ariassos (Ancient Greek: Άριασσός) was a town in Pisidia, Asia Minor built on a steep hillside about 50 kilometres inland from Attaleia (modern Antalya).

Aulae (Cilicia)

Aulae or Aulai (Ancient Greek: Αὐλαί) was a town in ancient Cilicia, and now is an archaeological site close to Mersin, Turkey.

Cestrus

Cestrus was a city in the Roman province of Isauria, in Asia Minor. Its placing within Isauria is given by Hierocles, Georgius Cyprius, and Parthey's (Notitiae episcopatuum). While recognizing what the ancient sources said, Lequien supposed that the town, whose site has not been identified, took its name from the River Cestros and was thus in Pamphylia. Following Lequien's hypothesis, the 19th-century annual publication Gerarchia cattolica identified the town with "Ak-Sou", which Sophrone Pétridès called an odd mistake, since this is the name of the River Cestros, not of a city.

Cotenna

Cotenna was a city in the Roman province of Pamphylia I in Asia Minor. It corresponds to modern Gödene, near Konya, Turkey.

Ctenomorphodes

Ctenomorphodes is an invalid genus of stick insects. There are four species in the genus, all found in Australia.

Ctenomorphodes aliena

Ctenomorphodes briareus

Ctenomorphodes chronus

Ctenomorphodes tessulatus (new name: Anchiale austrotessulata)This genus is a synonym of the genus Anchiale.

Ctenomorphodes tessulatus

The Tessellated stick insect, Tessellated Phasmid, or occasionally Tessulata stick insect is a medium-sized, common species of stick insect found in the Brisbane area of Australia. Fully grown males in mating season exhibit frenetic behaviour. This species is also parthenogenetic.

Deliçay

Deliçay (literally 'crazy creek', also called Selindi) is a creek in Mersin Province, Turkey. The name refers to its highly irregular flowrate.

The head waters are close to the village Değirmendere in Toros Mountains. In fact at this point the village and the river are named after each other. (Değirmendere means "mill river") But in the lower reaches it is called Deliçay. It flows by the villages of Çandır, Parmakkurdu and Hebilli. It discharges to Mediterranean sea at 36°48′29″N 34°42′57″E between Kazanlı (Aulai of the antiquity) and Karaduvar (Anchiale of the antiquity).In the past this river was called Serince, Selinti and Anhiyaleos

Dikilitaş, Mersin

Dikilitaş (also known as Bekirde) is the name of a rock monument and a neighbourhood of Mersin, Turkey named after the monument.

Iapetus

In Greek mythology, Iapetus (), also Japetus (Ancient Greek: Ἰαπετός Iapetos), was a Titan, the son of Uranus and Gaia, and father (by an Oceanid named Clymene or Asia) of Atlas, Prometheus, Epimetheus and Menoetius. He was also called the father of Buphagus and Anchiale in other sources.

Iapetus as the progenitor of mankind has been equated with Japheth (יֶפֶת), the son of Noah, based on the similarity of their names and the tradition, reported by Josephus (Antiquities of the Jews), which made Japheth the ancestor of the "Japhetites". Iapetus was linked to Japheth by 17th-century theologian Matthew Poole and, more recently, by Robert Graves and by John Pairman Brown.

Karataş

Karataş (Greek: Μεγαρσος, Mègarsos) is a small city and a district in Adana Province, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, 47 km from the city of Adana, between the rivers of Seyhan and Ceyhan, the Pyramos of Antiquity. The city of Karataş has a population of 8,483 (in 2010), with another 13,000 living in surrounding villages.

List of Phasmatodea of Australia

This is a list of the Australian Phasmatodea. There are approximately 150 species.

The list is organized from family, to subfamily, genus and then species.

List of ancient settlements in Turkey

Below is the list of ancient settlements in Turkey. There are innumerable ruins of ancient settlements spread all over the country. While some ruins date back to Neolithic times, most of them were settlements of Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Ionians, Urartians, and so on.

Oaxes

In Greek mythology, Oaxes or Oaxos (Ancient Greek: Ὄαξος) was the founder of the town of Oaxus within Crete, a place known to Servius and Herodotus. He was the son of the god Apollo either by the Cretan nymph Anchiale or Acacallis, daughter of Minos. Apollonius wrote in Argonautica of Crete being the Oaxian land. Vibius Sequester wrote the river Oaxes gave its name (to the city Oaxia). The river Oaxes was, according to Baudrand, very cold.

Phasmatinae

The Phasmatinae are a subfamily of stick insects in the family Phasmatidae. They contain at least three tribes; Bradley and Galil corrected the spelling to "Phasmatinae" and provides a key to tribes.

Pomorie

Pomorie (Bulgarian: Поморие) is a town and seaside resort in southeastern Bulgaria, located on a narrow rocky peninsula in Burgas Bay on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.

It is situated in Burgas Province, 20 km away from the city of Burgas and 18 km from the Sunny Beach resort. The ultrasaline lagoon Lake Pomorie, the northernmost of the Burgas Lakes, lies in the immediate proximity. The town is the administrative centre of the eponymous Pomorie Municipality.

Pomorie is an ancient city and today an important tourist destination. As of December 2009, it has a population of 13,569 inhabitants. It lies at 42°33′N 27°39′E.

Stratonicea (Lydia)

Stratonicea – (Greek: Στρατoνικεια, or Στρατονίκεια) also transliterated as Stratoniceia and Stratonikeia, earlier Indi, and later for a time Hadrianapolis – was an ancient city in the valley of the Caicus river, between Germe and Acrasus, in Lydia, Anatolia; its site is currently near the village of Siledik, in the district of Kırkağaç, Manisa Province, in the Aegean Region of Turkey.

Titias

In Greek mythology, Titias (Τιτίας) or Titius (Τίτιος) was one of the Idaean Dactyls.

Tower of Gömeç

The Tower of Gömeç (Gömeç Kalesi) is a Roman watch tower in Rough Cilicia in southern Turkey.

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