Anaxander

Anaxander or Anaxandros (Greek: Ἀνάξανδρος) was the 12th Agiad dynasty King[3] of Sparta[4] (ruled c. 640-615 BC).[5]

He was the son of King Eurycrates[6] and father of King Eurycratides.

His grandson was King Leon of Sparta.[7][8]

Anaxander is mentioned by famous persons, including Tyrtaeus (a poet) and Pausanias (geographer).[9]

King Anaxander of Sparta
IssueKing Eurycratides of Sparta
FatherKing Eurycrates of Sparta[1]
MotherConsort of Eurycrates[2]

References

  1. ^ Totius latinitatis lexicon: C-E (1861) by Egidio Forcellini, Vincenzo de Vit and Giuseppe Furlanetto
  2. ^ Herodotus 7.204, "(Leonides) Anaxandrides' son, Leon's son, Eurycratides' son, Anaxandrus' son, Eurycrates' son".
  3. ^ Anaxander King of Sparta
  4. ^ Plutarch’s Morals, Volume 1
  5. ^ Kings of Sparta Archived April 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Family tree of king Anaxander
  7. ^ Herodotus 1.65.
  8. ^ Ancient History: A Revised Chronology, Volume 1 by Anthony Lyle
  9. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology

External links

Preceded by
Eurycrates
King of Sparta
640 – 615 BC
Succeeded by
Eurycratides
Anaxidamus

Anaxidamus (Greek: Ἀναξίδαμος) was a king of Sparta, 11th of the Eurypontids.

Anaxidamus was the son of Zeuxidamus and contemporary with Anaxander, and lived to the conclusion of the Messenian Wars, 668 BC (Paus. iii. 7. § 5.) He was succeeded by his son Archidamus I.

Eurycrates

Eurycrates (Greek: Εὐρυκράτης Eurykrates) was the 11th Agiad dynasty king of the Greek city-state of Sparta, who was preceded by his father Polydorus followed by his son Anaxander. He ruled from 665 to 640 BC.

Eurycratides

Eurycratides (Greek: Εὐρυκρατίδης, "wide ruler") was the thirteenth king of Sparta from the Agiad dynasty. He succeeded his father Anaxander around 615 BC and reigned during a devastating period of war with Tegea.In 590 BC Eurycratides was succeeded by his son Leon ("lion"). His grandson was King Anaxandridas II.

Leon of Sparta

Leon (Greek: Λέων) was the 14th Agiad dynasty King of Sparta, ruling from 590 BC to 560 BC.

List of ancient Greeks

This an alphabetical list of ancient Greeks. These include ethnic Greeks and Greek language speakers from Greece and the Mediterranean world up to about 200 AD.

List of kings of Sparta

This list of kings of Sparta details the important rulers of the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta in the Peloponnese.

Sparta was unusual among the Greek city-states in that it maintained its kingship past the Archaic age. It was even more unusual in that it had two kings simultaneously, who were called the archagetai, coming from two separate lines. According to tradition, the two lines, the Agiads and Eurypontids, were respectively descended from the twins Eurysthenes and Procles, the descendants of Heracles who supposedly conquered Sparta two generations after the Trojan War. The dynasties themselves, however, were named after the twins' grandsons, the kings Agis I and Eurypon, respectively. The Agiad line was regarded as being senior to the Eurypontid line.Although there are lists of the earlier purported Kings of Sparta, there is little evidence for the existence of any kings before the middle of the sixth century BC or so.

Spartan kings received a recurring posthumous hero cult like that of the Doric kings of Cyrene. The kings' firstborns sons, as heirs apparent, were the only Spartan boys expressly exempt from the Agoge; however, they were allowed to take part if they so wished, and this endowed them with increased prestige when they ascended the throne.

Quo Vadis (1951 film)

Quo Vadis (Latin for "Where are you going?") is a 1951 American epic film made by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in Technicolor. It was directed by Mervyn LeRoy and produced by Sam Zimbalist, from a screenplay by John Lee Mahin, S.N. Behrman and Sonya Levien, adapted from the novel Quo Vadis (1896) by the Polish Nobel Laureate author Henryk Sienkiewicz. The score is by Miklós Rózsa and the cinematography by Robert Surtees and William V. Skall. The title refers to an incident in the apocryphal Acts of Peter.The film starred Robert Taylor, Deborah Kerr, Leo Genn, and Peter Ustinov, and featured Patricia Laffan, Finlay Currie, Abraham Sofaer, Marina Berti, Buddy Baer and Felix Aylmer. Anthony Mann worked on the film for four weeks as an uncredited second-unit director. Sergio Leone was an uncredited assistant director of Italian extras. Future Italian stars Sophia Loren and Bud Spencer appeared as uncredited extras. The film was nominated for eight Academy Awards (though it won none), and it was such a huge box-office success that it was credited with single-handedly rescuing M-G-M from the brink of bankruptcy.

Second Messenian War

The Second Messenian War was a war between the Ancient Greek states of Messenia and Sparta. It started around 40 years after the end of the First Messenian War with the uprising of a slave rebellion. This war lasted from 685 to 668 BC. Other scholars, however, assign later dates, claiming, for example, that 668 is the date of the war's start, pointing at Sparta's defeat at the First Battle of Hysiae as a possible catalyst for the uprising.

Thetis

Thetis (; Greek: Θέτις [tʰétis]), is a figure from Greek mythology with varying mythological roles. She mainly appears as a sea nymph, a goddess of water, or one of the 50 Nereids, daughters of the ancient sea god Nereus.When described as a Nereid in Classical myths, Thetis was the daughter of Nereus and Doris, and a granddaughter of Tethys with whom she sometimes shares characteristics. Often she seems to lead the Nereids as they attend to her tasks. Sometimes she also is identified with Metis.

Some sources argue that she was one of the earliest of deities worshipped in Archaic Greece, the oral traditions and records of which are lost. Only one written record, a fragment, exists attesting to her worship and an early Alcman hymn exists that identifies Thetis as the creator of the universe. Worship of Thetis as the goddess is documented to have persisted in some regions by historical writers such as Pausanias.

In the Trojan War cycle of myth, the wedding of Thetis and the Greek hero Peleus is one of the precipitating events in the war which also led to the birth of their child Achilles.

William Tubbs

William Tubbs (May 10, 1907 – January 25, 1953) was an American stage and film actor. He appeared in a number of European films in the years after the Second World War including several by Roberto Rossellini.

Lelegids
Lacedaemonids
Atreids
Early Heraclids
Heraclids
Agiad dynasty
Heraclids
Eurypontid dynasty
Later rulers

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