Anapa

Anapa (Russian: Анапа, Circassian: Iэнапэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the northern coast of the Black Sea near the Sea of Azov. Population: 58,990 (2010 Census);[4] 53,493 (2002 Census);[10] 54,796 (1989 Census).[11]

Anapa

Анапа
A beach in Anapa
A beach in Anapa
Flag of Anapa

Flag
Coat of arms of Anapa

Coat of arms
Location of Anapa
Anapa is located in Russia
Anapa
Anapa
Location of Anapa
Anapa is located in Krasnodar Krai
Anapa
Anapa
Anapa (Krasnodar Krai)
Coordinates: 44°52′N 37°22′E / 44.867°N 37.367°ECoordinates: 44°52′N 37°22′E / 44.867°N 37.367°E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectKrasnodar Krai[1]
Founded14th century[2]
Town status since1846[3]
Government
 • MayorSergey Sergeyev
Area
 • Total40 km2 (20 sq mi)
Elevation
20 m (70 ft)
Population
 • Total58,990
 • Estimate 
(2018)[5]
75,865 (+28.6%)
 • Rank280th in 2010
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated toTown of Anapa[6]
 • Capital ofTown of Anapa[1], Anapsky District[1]
 • Urban okrugAnapa Urban Okrug[7]
 • Capital ofAnapa Urban Okrug[6]
Postal code(s)[9]
353440—353458
Dialing code(s)+7 86133
OKTMO ID03703000001
Websitewww.anapa-official.ru

History

Gorgippia
The archaeological site of Gorgippia

The area around Anapa was settled in antiquity. It was originally a major seaport (Sinda) for the Natkhuay tribe of the Adyghe people and then the capital of Sindica. The colony of Gorgippia (Greek: Γοργιππία) was built on the site of Sinda in the 6th century BCE by Pontic Greeks, who named it after a king of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, Gorgippia flourished as part of the Bosporan Kingdom, as did its guild of shipowners, which controlled maritime trade in the eastern part of the Black Sea. A fine statue of Neokles (a local potentate, son of Herodoros) was unearthed by Russian archaeologists and is now on exhibit at the Russian Museum. Gorgippia was inhabited until the 3rd century CE, when it was overrun by nomadic tribes. These tribes, of Circassian or Adyghe origin, gave Anapa its modern name.

Later the Black Sea littoral was overrun by successive waves of Asiatic nomads, including the Sarmatians, Ostrogoths, Huns, Avars, Gokturks, Khazars, Circassians, and Tatars. The settlement was renamed Mapa by the Genoese at the turn of the 14th century. Genoese domination lasted until the arrival of an Ottoman fleet in 1475. The Turks later built a fort against the Russian Cossacks. The fortress was repeatedly attacked by the Russian Empire and was all but destroyed during its last siege in 1829. The town was passed to Russia after the Treaty of Adrianople (1829). See Russian conquest of the Caucasus#Black Sea Coast. It was included in Black Sea Okrug of Kuban Oblast and was granted town status in 1846.[3]

It was occupied by Ottomans between 1853-1856 during the Crimean War. It became part of Black Sea Governorate in 1896. Elizabeth Pilenko, later named as a saint in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, was the mayor during the Russian Revolution. It became part of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast in 1920. During World War II, it was occupied and totally demolished by Nazi Germany with the help of Romanian troops between August 30, 1942 and September 22, 1943.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Anapa serves as the administrative center of Anapsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated separately as the Town of Anapa—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the territories of the Town of Anapa and of Anapsky District are incorporated as Anapa Urban Okrug.[6][7]

RR5714-0039R
Commemorative coin of the Bank of Russia with a face of anapa of 10 rubles (2014)

Tourism

The town boasts a number of sanatoria and hotels. Anapa, Sochi, and several other cities along the Russian coast of the Black Sea have enjoyed a substantial increase in popularity since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which left traditional Soviet resort cities in Abkhazia on the other side of the national border. Anapa is served by the Anapa Airport.

Anapa, like the other Black Sea coast resorts, has a superb sunny summer climate. Anapa has beautiful, mostly sandy beaches. However, Anapa seldom attracts tourists from outside Russia due to its modest infrastructure and its inconvenient accessibility from Western Europe via Moscow or Krasnodar. Anapa remains an attractive and inexpensive option for Russians who prefer traditional Russian resorts to more expensive destinations.

Transportation

Анапа.Вокзал

Train station in Anapa

Аэропорт Анапа 1

Anapa Airport

Transportation facilities include the Anapa Airport, a railway station, an international passenger port for small-tonnage ships, a bus station, and a network of highways.[12]

Climate

Anapa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) at the lower elevations.[13] Its average annual temperature is +12.4 °C (54.3 °F): +16.4 °C (61.5 °F) during the day and +9.0 °C (48.2 °F) at night. Average annual precipitation is about 560 millimeters (22 in).

Average Sea Temperature (1977-2006).[16]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average temperature 6.8 °C 6.1 °C 7.4 °C 10.6 °C 15.1 °C 20.0 °C 23.1 °C 24.1 °C 21.1 °C 16.6 °C 11.9 °C 8.7 °C

Culture

The Town Theater of Anapa is located on Krymskaya Street. It was opened after the reconstruction of the Town Cultural Center.[17] There are twenty nine public libraries including four for children. In 2010 the libraries of Anapa received more than 8,000 books, and magazines and newspapers were ordered costing more than 1,000,000 roubles, in addition, nine hundred CDs were purchased.[18]

Русские ворота и остатки стен крепости (1)
The only remaining gates of an Ottoman fort
Gorgippia ruler Neocl
Anonymous ruler of the city of Gorgippia (Anapa) in the Bosporan Kingdom, c. 180 AD, during the period of Roman Crimea

There is museum of Local History (Краеведческий музей) on Protapova Street.[19]

Architecture and sights

  • The Gorgippia Archeological museum[20]
  • Gates of Turkish fortress[21]
  • Church of St. Onuphrius[22]
  • Lighthouse[23]
  • Wildlife preserve of Bolshoy Utrish south of Sukko[24]

List of mayors

Activities carried out in the town

Twin towns and sister cities

Anapa is twinned with:

Gallery

Anapa. Administration

Administration building

Anapa. Anapka river

Anapa river

Анапа 2011 (0001)

The sea in Anapa

Anapa. Lighthouse

Lighthouse

Anapa. Svyato-Onufrievsky hram

temple of Saint Onuphrius the Great

Русские ворота и остатки стен крепости - back view

The only remaining gates of an Ottoman fort

Анапа 2011 (0003)

Equestrian statue in Gemete restaurant of the Colosseum

Anapa Lenin monument

Lenin Monument

Anapa beach

Beach in the Little Bay

Anapa estrada

Concert platform "Summer Estrada"

Anapa chapel

Chapel of the Prophet Hosea

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 20. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  3. ^ a b "General Information" (in Russian). Retrieved February 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  5. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  6. ^ a b c Charter of Anapa Urban Okrug
  7. ^ a b Law #676-KZ
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) ‹See Tfd›(in Russian)
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  12. ^ Вокзал Анапа: жд вокзал Анапа, авто вокзал в Анапе, морской вокзал. Anapa.yuginform.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  13. ^ "Using the Köppen classification to quantify climate variation and change". Environmental Development, volume 6, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  14. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Retrieved September 8, 2007.
  15. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Anapa, Russia". Weatherbase. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
  16. ^ Anapa Water temperature 1977-2006 (in Russian), Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  17. ^ Городской театр [Town theatre]. gorodanapa.com (in Russian).
  18. ^ Сологуб, В. "Некриминальное чтиво". Анапа. Anapa, Russia.
  19. ^ Анапский краеведческий музей, Анапа. ЮГА.ру (in Russian). ООО "ЮГА.ру". Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  20. ^ "Анапский археологический музей — филиал Краснодарского государственного историко-археологического музея-заповедника имени Е.Д. Фелицына". Museum.ru. Archived from the original on January 3, 2011. Retrieved 10 March 2011.
  21. ^ Остатки турецкой крепости Анапа и памятник А.д. безкровному [Remnants of the Turkish fortress of Anapa and the monument to Bezkrovny]. Anapafuture.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  22. ^ Храм Святого Онуфрия Великого. Anapahome.ru (in Russian). Retrieved March 10, 2011.
  23. ^ Анапский Маяк. Turspeak.ru (in Russian).
  24. ^ Заказник "Большой Утриш". Справка. Eco.rian.ru (in Russian).
  25. ^ Мать Мария, бывшая в 1917 г. главой Анапы, причислена к лику святых [Mother Maria who was a mayor of Anapa in 1917 is canonised.]. Юга.Ру (in Russian). Krasnodar, Russia: ООО "ЮГА.ру". February 13, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  26. ^ Ольга Лихина; Наталья Орлова (September 11, 1993). Канарские острова стали лучшим курортом в мире, не считая Анапы [Canary islands became a best resort in a world, to say nothing about Anapa.]. Коммерсантъ (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  27. ^ Павлючик, Леонид (September 21, 2000). "От шока — к шику" [From shock to chic]. Труд (in Russian). Russia. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  28. ^ Анапа официально открыла курортный сезон [Anapa officially opened the holiday season]. RATA-news (in Russian). Russia. June 23, 2004. Archived from the original on February 26, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  29. ^ Краснодарский край. Мэрию Анапы ждут реформы, в том числе кадровые. [Krasnodar Krai. Reforms, Including Staffing, Planned in Town Hall of Anapa]. Regions.ru (in Russian). Russia. December 16, 2004. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  30. ^ А. Пахомов вступил в должность мэра Анапы [A. Pakhomov assumed the position of Mayor of Anapa]. Юга.Ру (in Russian). Russia. March 22, 2006. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  31. ^ Кузнецова, Татьяна (April 3, 2009). Вступит в должность новый мэр Анапы [The new mayor of Anapa will assume post.] (in Russian). Russia. RIA Novosti. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
  32. ^ www.kinoshock.ru
  33. ^ Жданович, Николай (September 15, 2010). "Archived copy" Знаковый момент [Moment of significance]. Рэспубліка (in Russian). Belarus. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  34. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 4, 2011. Retrieved 2009-11-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Sources

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №676-КЗ от 1 апреля 2004 г. «Об установлении границ муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа и наделении его статусом городского округа», в ред. Закона №1756-КЗ от 3 июня 2009 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края об установлении границ муниципальных образований». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №64–65, 17 апреля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #676-KZ of April 1, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formation of the Resort City of Anapa and on Granting It the Status of an Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #1756-KZ of June 3, 2009 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Совет муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа. Решение №544 от 16 апреля 2015 г. «О принятии Устава муниципального образования город-курорт Анапа». Вступил в силу после официального опубликования, за исключением отдельных положений, вступающих в силу в иные сроки. Опубликован: "Анапское Черноморье", №62–66, 30 мая 2015 г. (Council of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Anapa. Decision #544 of April 16, 2015 On Adopting the Charter of the Municipal Formation of the Resort Town of Anapa. Effective as of after the official publication, with the exception of clauses which take effect on different dates.).

External links

1976 Anapa mid-air collision

The 1976 Anapa mid-air collision was the collision of Aeroflot Flight 7957 (an Antonov An-24RV) and Aeroflot Flight 31 (a Yakolev Yak-40) on 9 September 1976, off the coast of Anapa in the Soviet Union. All 70 people on the two aircraft were killed in the crash. The primary cause of the accident was determined to be error by the air traffic controller; investigators never recovered the fuselage of the Yak-40.

Anapa Airport

Anapa Airport (Russian: аэропорт Анапа) (IATA: AAQ, ICAO: URKA), also known as Vityazevo Airport (Russian: аэропорт Витязево) is an international airport located near Vityazevo village in Anapa, Russia. It serves the resort town of Anapa, as well as Novorossiysk and Temryuk with a total population of over 400,000 people.

The airport is a part of Basel Aero, airport managing holding that also runs Sochi International Airport, Krasnodar and Gelendzhik airports.Passenger traffic of the Anapa airport in 2013 was 739,637 people. The airport is among the top 30 of Russia’s busiest airports.

Construction of a new terminal began in March 2016, and was completed in July 2017, when the new terminal building became operational.

Anapa Urban Okrug

Anapa Urban Okrug (Russian: городско́й о́круг Ана́па) is a municipal formation (an urban okrug) in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, one of the seven urban okrugs in the krai. Its territory comprises the territories of two administrative divisions of Krasnodar Krai—Anapsky District and the Town of Anapa. The area of the urban okrug is 981.86 square kilometers (379.10 sq mi).The municipal formation was established on September 16, 1996. Urban okrug status was granted to it by the Law of Krasnodar Krai #676-KZ of April 1, 2004.

Anapsky District

Anapsky District (Russian: Ана́пский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-eight in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is located in the west of the krai. Its administrative center is the town of Anapa (which is not a part of the administrative district). Population: 76,904 (2010 Census); 69,134 (2002 Census); 57,281 (1989 Census).

FC Spartak-UGP Anapa

FC Spartak-UGP Anapa (Russian: ФК «Спартак-УГП» Анапа) was a Russian football team from Anapa. UGP stands for their sponsor, Gazprom subsidiary, Urengoygazprom. It existed from 1986 to early 2009 and played professionally from 1988 to 1998, 2001 to 2003 and 2005 to 2008 (including a stint in the Russian First Division in 1992 and 1993). In early 2009 it was dissolved due to financial problems. It was called Dynamo Anapa (1986–1987), Gekris Anapa (1995), FC Anapa (1998–1999) and Spartak Anapa (1988–1994, 1996–1997, 2000–2003).

Interavia Airlines

Interavia Airlines (Russian: Авиакомпания Интеравиа) was an airline based in Moscow, Russia. It operated scheduled and charter passenger services. Its main base was Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow. The Russian aviation authority suspended their flights from 17 October 2008.

Ivan Levenets

Ivan Pavlovich Levenets (born 22 February 1980) is a Russian football goalkeeper. He last played for Lokomotiv Moscow in the Russian Premier League. His previous clubs include FC Amkar Perm, FC Spartak Anapa, Chernomorets Novorossiysk, FC Anapa, Zhemchuzhina Sochi.

Konstantin Bazelyuk

Konstantin Sergeyevich Bazelyuk (Russian: Константин Сергеевич Базелюк; born 12 April 1993) is a Russian football striker.

Krasnodar–Anapa

Krasnodar–Anapa is a cycling race held annually in Russia. It is part of UCI Europe Tour in category 1.2.

List of football clubs in Russia

This is the list of Russian football clubs that ever played at a professional level since 1992.

North Caucasus Railway

North Caucasus Railway (Russian: Северо-Кавказская железная дорога) is a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) broad gauge Russian railway network that links the Sea of Azov (in the west) and Caspian Sea (in the east). It runs through ten federal subjects: Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Republic of Adygeya, Karachay–Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Dagestan, and Kalmykia. The headquarters are in Rostov-on-Don.

The network comprises Grozny, Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, and Rostov passenger and freight railways, as well as two children's railways (in Vladikavkaz and Rostov). As of 2005, there were 6315.9 km of railtrack and 403 railway stations. The railway is operated by the Russian Railways and employs 80,757 people.

The Black Sea resorts of Sochi, Gelendzhik and Anapa are the principal passenger destinations on the railway. The Sochi line, running for many miles along the coast of the Black Sea, is especially busy in summer with regular extra direct express trains for holiday makers. The oil ports at Novorossiysk and Tuapse are significant destinations for rail freight traffic.

Oleksandr Ryabokon

Oleksandr Ryabokon (Ukrainian: Олександр Дмитрович Рябоконь; born 21 February 1964 in Kiev, in the Ukrainian SSR of the Soviet Union) is a former Ukrainian football defender, and currently the head-coach of FC Desna Chernihiv in the Ukrainian First League.

Pobeda (airline)

Pobeda Airlines LLC (Russian: Победа, Budget Carrier, LLC) is a Russian low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of Aeroflot. It is based in Vnukovo International Airport, with secondary bases in Anapa and Sochi. It operates scheduled services to domestic and international destinations. "Pobeda" is the Russian word for victory.

Russo-Circassian War

The Russo-Circassian War (1763–1864) involved a series of battles and wars in Circassia, the northwestern part of the Caucasus, during the course of the Russian Empire's conquest of the Caucasus. Those who use the term Russian–Circassian War take its starting date as 1763, when the Russians began establishing forts, including at Mozdok, to be used as springboards for conquest; and only ending approximately 101 years later, with the signing of loyalty oaths by Circassian leaders on 2 June [O.S. 21 May] 1864. The alternative term used, the Caucasian War, commonly refers only to the period 1817–1864.

After the end of the War the Ottoman Empire offered to harbour the Circassians who did not wish to accept the rule of a Christian monarch, and many emigrated to Anatolia, the heart of the Ottoman territory and ended up in modern Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Iraq and Kosovo. Different smaller numbers ended up in neighbouring Persia. Various Russian, Caucasus, and Western historians agree on the figure of ca. 500,000 inhabitants of the highland Caucasus being deported by Russia in the 1860s. A large fraction of them died in transit from disease. Some of those that remained loyal to Russia were settled into the lowlands, the left-bank of the Kuban River.

Timur Zakirov (footballer, born 1996)

Timur Timurovich Zakirov (Russian: Тимур Тимурович Закиров; born 12 April 1996) is a Russian football player who plays for resurrected FC Kuban Krasnodar.

Treaty of Bucharest (1812)

The Treaty of Bucharest between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, was signed on 28 May 1812, in Manuc's Inn

in Bucharest, and ratified on 5 July 1812, at the end of the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12.Under its terms, the eastern half of the Principality of Moldavia, between Prut and Dniester Rivers, with an area of 45,630 km2 (17,617.8 sq mi) (Bessarabia), was ceded by the Ottoman Empire (to which Moldavia was a vassal) to Russia. Also, Russia obtained trading rights on the Danube.

A truce was signed (Article 8 of the Treaty) with the rebelling Serbs and autonomy given to Serbia.The treaty, signed by the Russian commander Mikhail Kutuzov, was ratified by Alexander I of Russia 13 days before Napoleon's invasion of Russia.

In Transcaucasia, the Ottomans renounced their claims to most of western Georgia, but retained control of Akhalkalaki, Poti, and Anapa previously captured by the Russo-Georgian troops in the course of the war

TurkStream

TurkStream (originally: Turkish Stream, Turkish: TürkAkım or Türk Akımı, Russian: Турецкий поток) is a natural gas pipeline running from the Russian Federation to Turkey. It runs from Russkaya compressor station near Anapa in Krasnodar Region across the Black Sea to Kıyıköy on the Turkish Thrace coast. It is replacing the cancelled South Stream project.Following the shootdown of a Russian fighter jet by Turkey in November 2015, the project was temporarily halted. However, Russia–Turkey relations were restored in summer 2016 and the intergovernmental agreement for TurkStream was signed in October 2016. Construction started in May 2017 and was completed in November 2018.

Yamal Airlines

Yamal Airlines (Russian: ОАО «Авиационная транспортная компания «Ямал», OAO Aviacionnaja transportnaja kompania «Yamal») is an airline based in Salekhard, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It operates regional passenger services and was established in 1997.

Yevgeni Saprykin

Yevgeni Aleksandrovich Saprykin (Russian: Евгений Александрович Сапрыкин; born 18 April 1970; died in January 2015) was a Russian professional football player.

Climate data for Anapa
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
24.5
(76.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
34.9
(94.8)
38.0
(100.4)
38.2
(100.8)
32.9
(91.2)
35.6
(96.1)
27.1
(80.8)
21.1
(70.0)
38.2
(100.8)
Average high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
6.2
(43.2)
9.3
(48.7)
14.7
(58.5)
19.6
(67.3)
24.1
(75.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.3
(82.9)
23.3
(73.9)
17.6
(63.7)
11.8
(53.2)
7.7
(45.9)
16.4
(61.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
2.6
(36.7)
5.6
(42.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.5
(59.9)
20.3
(68.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
18.8
(65.8)
13.4
(56.1)
8.1
(46.6)
4.4
(39.9)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
2.7
(36.9)
7.7
(45.9)
12.2
(54.0)
16.8
(62.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.1
(66.4)
14.5
(58.1)
9.8
(49.6)
4.9
(40.8)
1.6
(34.9)
9.0
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) −23.9
(−11.0)
−19.6
(−3.3)
−13.2
(8.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
0.7
(33.3)
7.0
(44.6)
11.1
(52.0)
8.5
(47.3)
0.8
(33.4)
−6.3
(20.7)
−12.2
(10.0)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−23.9
(−11.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55
(2.2)
49
(1.9)
49
(1.9)
40
(1.6)
36
(1.4)
43
(1.7)
33
(1.3)
40
(1.6)
46
(1.8)
42
(1.7)
59
(2.3)
68
(2.7)
560
(22.0)
Average rainy days 13 12 13 13 11 9 7 6 9 10 13 14 130
Average snowy days 6 6 4 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 2 5 23.4
Average relative humidity (%) 81 78 77 77 77 78 71 69 72 75 79 81 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.9 97.1 148.8 191.0 272.3 310.1 339.9 319.1 251.7 191.5 102.9 58.6 2,355.9
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[14]
Source #2: Weatherbase (sunshine hours)[15]
Districts
Cities and towns
Urban-type settlements

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