Anapa (Russian: Анапа, Circassian: Iэнапэ) is a town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the northern coast of the Black Sea near the Sea of Azov. Population: 58,990 (2010 Census); 53,493 (2002 Census); 54,796 (1989 Census).
A beach in Anapa
Coat of arms
Location of Anapa
Location of Anapa
Anapa (Krasnodar Krai)
|Federal subject||Krasnodar Krai|
|Town status since||1846|
|• Mayor||Sergey Sergeyev|
|• Total||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
| • Estimate |
|• Rank||280th in 2010|
|• Density||1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)|
|• Subordinated to||Town of Anapa|
|• Capital of||Town of Anapa, Anapsky District|
|• Urban okrug||Anapa Urban Okrug|
|• Capital of||Anapa Urban Okrug|
|Dialing code(s)||+7 86133|
The area around Anapa was settled in antiquity. It was originally a major seaport (Sinda) for the Natkhuay tribe of the Adyghe people and then the capital of Sindica. The colony of Gorgippia (Greek: Γοργιππία) was built on the site of Sinda in the 6th century BCE by Pontic Greeks, who named it after a king of the Cimmerian Bosporus. In the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE, Gorgippia flourished as part of the Bosporan Kingdom, as did its guild of shipowners, which controlled maritime trade in the eastern part of the Black Sea. A fine statue of Neokles (a local potentate, son of Herodoros) was unearthed by Russian archaeologists and is now on exhibit at the Russian Museum. Gorgippia was inhabited until the 3rd century CE, when it was overrun by nomadic tribes. These tribes, of Circassian or Adyghe origin, gave Anapa its modern name.
Later the Black Sea littoral was overrun by successive waves of Asiatic nomads, including the Sarmatians, Ostrogoths, Huns, Avars, Gokturks, Khazars, Circassians, and Tatars. The settlement was renamed Mapa by the Genoese at the turn of the 14th century. Genoese domination lasted until the arrival of an Ottoman fleet in 1475. The Turks later built a fort against the Russian Cossacks. The fortress was repeatedly attacked by the Russian Empire and was all but destroyed during its last siege in 1829. The town was passed to Russia after the Treaty of Adrianople (1829). See Russian conquest of the Caucasus#Black Sea Coast. It was included in Black Sea Okrug of Kuban Oblast and was granted town status in 1846.
It was occupied by Ottomans between 1853-1856 during the Crimean War. It became part of Black Sea Governorate in 1896. Elizabeth Pilenko, later named as a saint in the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, was the mayor during the Russian Revolution. It became part of Kuban-Black Sea Oblast in 1920. During World War II, it was occupied and totally demolished by Nazi Germany with the help of Romanian troops between August 30, 1942 and September 22, 1943.
Within the framework of administrative divisions, Anapa serves as the administrative center of Anapsky District, even though it is not a part of it. As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated separately as the Town of Anapa—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the territories of the Town of Anapa and of Anapsky District are incorporated as Anapa Urban Okrug.
The town boasts a number of sanatoria and hotels. Anapa, Sochi, and several other cities along the Russian coast of the Black Sea have enjoyed a substantial increase in popularity since the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which left traditional Soviet resort cities in Abkhazia on the other side of the national border. Anapa is served by the Anapa Airport.
Anapa, like the other Black Sea coast resorts, has a superb sunny summer climate. Anapa has beautiful, mostly sandy beaches. However, Anapa seldom attracts tourists from outside Russia due to its modest infrastructure and its inconvenient accessibility from Western Europe via Moscow or Krasnodar. Anapa remains an attractive and inexpensive option for Russians who prefer traditional Russian resorts to more expensive destinations.
Anapa has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) at the lower elevations. Its average annual temperature is +12.4 °C (54.3 °F): +16.4 °C (61.5 °F) during the day and +9.0 °C (48.2 °F) at night. Average annual precipitation is about 560 millimeters (22 in).
|Average temperature||6.8 °C||6.1 °C||7.4 °C||10.6 °C||15.1 °C||20.0 °C||23.1 °C||24.1 °C||21.1 °C||16.6 °C||11.9 °C||8.7 °C|
The Town Theater of Anapa is located on Krymskaya Street. It was opened after the reconstruction of the Town Cultural Center. There are twenty nine public libraries including four for children. In 2010 the libraries of Anapa received more than 8,000 books, and magazines and newspapers were ordered costing more than 1,000,000 roubles, in addition, nine hundred CDs were purchased.
There is museum of Local History (Краеведческий музей) on Protapova Street.
Anapa is twinned with:
The 1976 Anapa mid-air collision was the collision of Aeroflot Flight 7957 (an Antonov An-24RV) and Aeroflot Flight 31 (a Yakolev Yak-40) on 9 September 1976, off the coast of Anapa in the Soviet Union. All 70 people on the two aircraft were killed in the crash. The primary cause of the accident was determined to be error by the air traffic controller; investigators never recovered the fuselage of the Yak-40.Anapa Airport
Anapa Airport (Russian: аэропорт Анапа) (IATA: AAQ, ICAO: URKA), also known as Vityazevo Airport (Russian: аэропорт Витязево) is an international airport located near Vityazevo village in Anapa, Russia. It serves the resort town of Anapa, as well as Novorossiysk and Temryuk with a total population of over 400,000 people.
The airport is a part of Basel Aero, airport managing holding that also runs Sochi International Airport, Krasnodar and Gelendzhik airports.Passenger traffic of the Anapa airport in 2013 was 739,637 people. The airport is among the top 30 of Russia’s busiest airports.
Construction of a new terminal began in March 2016, and was completed in July 2017, when the new terminal building became operational.Anapa Urban Okrug
Anapa Urban Okrug (Russian: городско́й о́круг Ана́па) is a municipal formation (an urban okrug) in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, one of the seven urban okrugs in the krai. Its territory comprises the territories of two administrative divisions of Krasnodar Krai—Anapsky District and the Town of Anapa. The area of the urban okrug is 981.86 square kilometers (379.10 sq mi).The municipal formation was established on September 16, 1996. Urban okrug status was granted to it by the Law of Krasnodar Krai #676-KZ of April 1, 2004.Anapsky District
Anapsky District (Russian: Ана́пский райо́н) is an administrative district (raion), one of the thirty-eight in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. It is located in the west of the krai. Its administrative center is the town of Anapa (which is not a part of the administrative district). Population: 76,904 (2010 Census); 69,134 (2002 Census); 57,281 (1989 Census).FC Spartak-UGP Anapa
FC Spartak-UGP Anapa (Russian: ФК «Спартак-УГП» Анапа) was a Russian football team from Anapa. UGP stands for their sponsor, Gazprom subsidiary, Urengoygazprom. It existed from 1986 to early 2009 and played professionally from 1988 to 1998, 2001 to 2003 and 2005 to 2008 (including a stint in the Russian First Division in 1992 and 1993). In early 2009 it was dissolved due to financial problems. It was called Dynamo Anapa (1986–1987), Gekris Anapa (1995), FC Anapa (1998–1999) and Spartak Anapa (1988–1994, 1996–1997, 2000–2003).Interavia Airlines
Interavia Airlines (Russian: Авиакомпания Интеравиа) was an airline based in Moscow, Russia. It operated scheduled and charter passenger services. Its main base was Domodedovo International Airport, Moscow. The Russian aviation authority suspended their flights from 17 October 2008.Ivan Levenets
Ivan Pavlovich Levenets (born 22 February 1980) is a Russian football goalkeeper. He last played for Lokomotiv Moscow in the Russian Premier League. His previous clubs include FC Amkar Perm, FC Spartak Anapa, Chernomorets Novorossiysk, FC Anapa, Zhemchuzhina Sochi.Konstantin Bazelyuk
Konstantin Sergeyevich Bazelyuk (Russian: Константин Сергеевич Базелюк; born 12 April 1993) is a Russian football striker.Krasnodar–Anapa
Krasnodar–Anapa is a cycling race held annually in Russia. It is part of UCI Europe Tour in category 1.2.List of football clubs in Russia
This is the list of Russian football clubs that ever played at a professional level since 1992.North Caucasus Railway
North Caucasus Railway (Russian: Северо-Кавказская железная дорога) is a 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 27⁄32 in) broad gauge Russian railway network that links the Sea of Azov (in the west) and Caspian Sea (in the east). It runs through ten federal subjects: Rostov Oblast, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, Republic of Adygeya, Karachay–Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, Dagestan, and Kalmykia. The headquarters are in Rostov-on-Don.
The network comprises Grozny, Krasnodar, Makhachkala, Mineralnye Vody, and Rostov passenger and freight railways, as well as two children's railways (in Vladikavkaz and Rostov). As of 2005, there were 6315.9 km of railtrack and 403 railway stations. The railway is operated by the Russian Railways and employs 80,757 people.
The Black Sea resorts of Sochi, Gelendzhik and Anapa are the principal passenger destinations on the railway. The Sochi line, running for many miles along the coast of the Black Sea, is especially busy in summer with regular extra direct express trains for holiday makers. The oil ports at Novorossiysk and Tuapse are significant destinations for rail freight traffic.Oleksandr Ryabokon
Oleksandr Ryabokon (Ukrainian: Олександр Дмитрович Рябоконь; born 21 February 1964 in Kiev, in the Ukrainian SSR of the Soviet Union) is a former Ukrainian football defender, and currently the head-coach of FC Desna Chernihiv in the Ukrainian First League.Pobeda (airline)
Pobeda Airlines LLC (Russian: Победа, Budget Carrier, LLC) is a Russian low-cost airline and a wholly owned subsidiary of Aeroflot. It is based in Vnukovo International Airport, with secondary bases in Anapa and Sochi. It operates scheduled services to domestic and international destinations. "Pobeda" is the Russian word for victory.Russo-Circassian War
The Russo-Circassian War (1763–1864) involved a series of battles and wars in Circassia, the northwestern part of the Caucasus, during the course of the Russian Empire's conquest of the Caucasus. Those who use the term Russian–Circassian War take its starting date as 1763, when the Russians began establishing forts, including at Mozdok, to be used as springboards for conquest; and only ending approximately 101 years later, with the signing of loyalty oaths by Circassian leaders on 2 June [O.S. 21 May] 1864. The alternative term used, the Caucasian War, commonly refers only to the period 1817–1864.
After the end of the War the Ottoman Empire offered to harbour the Circassians who did not wish to accept the rule of a Christian monarch, and many emigrated to Anatolia, the heart of the Ottoman territory and ended up in modern Turkey, Syria, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Iraq and Kosovo. Different smaller numbers ended up in neighbouring Persia. Various Russian, Caucasus, and Western historians agree on the figure of ca. 500,000 inhabitants of the highland Caucasus being deported by Russia in the 1860s. A large fraction of them died in transit from disease. Some of those that remained loyal to Russia were settled into the lowlands, the left-bank of the Kuban River.Timur Zakirov (footballer, born 1996)
Timur Timurovich Zakirov (Russian: Тимур Тимурович Закиров; born 12 April 1996) is a Russian football player who plays for resurrected FC Kuban Krasnodar.Treaty of Bucharest (1812)
The Treaty of Bucharest between the Ottoman Empire and the Russian Empire, was signed on 28 May 1812, in Manuc's Inn
in Bucharest, and ratified on 5 July 1812, at the end of the Russo-Turkish War of 1806–12.Under its terms, the eastern half of the Principality of Moldavia, between Prut and Dniester Rivers, with an area of 45,630 km2 (17,617.8 sq mi) (Bessarabia), was ceded by the Ottoman Empire (to which Moldavia was a vassal) to Russia. Also, Russia obtained trading rights on the Danube.
A truce was signed (Article 8 of the Treaty) with the rebelling Serbs and autonomy given to Serbia.The treaty, signed by the Russian commander Mikhail Kutuzov, was ratified by Alexander I of Russia 13 days before Napoleon's invasion of Russia.
In Transcaucasia, the Ottomans renounced their claims to most of western Georgia, but retained control of Akhalkalaki, Poti, and Anapa previously captured by the Russo-Georgian troops in the course of the warTurkStream
TurkStream (originally: Turkish Stream, Turkish: TürkAkım or Türk Akımı, Russian: Турецкий поток) is a natural gas pipeline running from the Russian Federation to Turkey. It runs from Russkaya compressor station near Anapa in Krasnodar Region across the Black Sea to Kıyıköy on the Turkish Thrace coast. It is replacing the cancelled South Stream project.Following the shootdown of a Russian fighter jet by Turkey in November 2015, the project was temporarily halted. However, Russia–Turkey relations were restored in summer 2016 and the intergovernmental agreement for TurkStream was signed in October 2016. Construction started in May 2017 and was completed in November 2018.Yamal Airlines
Yamal Airlines (Russian: ОАО «Авиационная транспортная компания «Ямал», OAO Aviacionnaja transportnaja kompania «Yamal») is an airline based in Salekhard, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia. It operates regional passenger services and was established in 1997.Yevgeni Saprykin
Yevgeni Aleksandrovich Saprykin (Russian: Евгений Александрович Сапрыкин; born 18 April 1970; died in January 2015) was a Russian professional football player.
|Climate data for Anapa|
|Record high °C (°F)||17.7
|Average high °C (°F)||6.0
|Daily mean °C (°F)||2.7
|Average low °C (°F)||0.2
|Record low °C (°F)||−23.9
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||55
|Average rainy days||13||12||13||13||11||9||7||6||9||10||13||14||130|
|Average snowy days||6||6||4||0.2||0||0||0||0||0||0.2||2||5||23.4|
|Average relative humidity (%)||81||78||77||77||77||78||71||69||72||75||79||81||76|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||72.9||97.1||148.8||191.0||272.3||310.1||339.9||319.1||251.7||191.5||102.9||58.6||2,355.9|
|Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net|
|Source #2: Weatherbase (sunshine hours)|
|Cities and towns|