Anantnag

Anantnag (/ə'nʌntna:g/ or /-nɑːg/ listen [2] is a city and a municipality, capital of the Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Anantnag is located at a distance of 53 kilometres (33 miles) from the state's capital Srinagar. It is the third largest city in Jammu and Kashmir after Srinagar and Jammu with an urban agglomerate population of more than 200,000 and municipal limit population over 100,000.[1]

Anantnag
Wide View of Anantnag
Wide View of Anantnag
Anantnag is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Anantnag
Anantnag
Location in Jammu and Kashmir
Coordinates: 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°ECoordinates: 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°E
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictAnantnag
Settled5 BCE
Area
 • Total2,917 km2 (1,126 sq mi)
Elevation
1,601 m (5,253 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total159,838[1]
Languages
 • RegionalUrdu, Kashmiri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
Telephone code01932
Vehicle registrationJK 03
Sex ratio1000 /927
Literacy71.97%
Websiteanantnag.nic.in

Etymology

The name Anantnag is thought to originate from the Sanskrit term ananta, meaning "infinite", and Kashmiri word naga, "water spring"; Anantnag would thus mean "numerous springs", as there are indeed many springs in the town. According to Marc Aurel Stein, however, the name of the city comes from the name of the spring of Shesha Nag, the "Divine Serpent" in Hindu theology, who was also called Anantnag; the spring located in the town.[3] This is also corroborated by almost all local historians including Kalhana, according to whom the city has taken the name of the spring of Shesha Nag also known as Ananta Nag.

The name Islamabad is believed to have derived from the name of a Mughal governor Islam Khan who built a garden in the area.[4][5]

Both names are used for the town, Anantnag being preferred by the Hindus and Sikhs and Islamabad being preferred by the Muslims. The district surrounding the town was called the Islamabad district until the 1950s when Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad administration changed it to "Anantnag district". The locals continue to use the name "Islamabad", even though the Indian security forces deployed in the area with the start of Kashmir insurgency frowned on its use.[6][4][7]

Geography

Anantnag is located at 33°44′N 75°09′E / 33.73°N 75.15°E,[8] at an elevation of 5,300 feet (1,600 m) above sea level, at a distance of 53 kilometres (33 mi) from Srinagar on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways).

Demographics

From 2001 to 2011, the population of the city grew from 63,437[10] to 109,433,[1] while the metropolitan area (Anantnag Urban Agglomeration) grew to 159,838 by 2011.[1] In Anantnag city, males constituted 51.6% and females 48.4% of the population. Sex ratio was 937 females per 1,000 males compared to national average 940. The sex ratio was worse at 874 for the 0 to 6-year age-group compared to national average 918. Anantnag had an average literacy rate of 62.2%, lower than the national average of 64.3%. Male literacy was 71%, and female literacy was 61%. Children under six years of age numbered 18,056 in Anantnag city and were 16.6% of the population in 2011.[1]

Sites

Lal Chowk is the city square, it is where Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian National Flag in 1948, as Jammu and Kashmir acceded to India.[11] Masjid Baba Dawood Khaki is among the oldest mosques in the city, being built around 1400 CE.[11]The Martand temple is one of the important archaeological sites of Kashmir. It was built around 500 CE. This temple has the typical Aryan structure as was present in Aryan Kashmir. The Martand temple is situated at Kehribal, 9 km east-north-east of Anantnag and south of Mattan.[11]

Martand - Sun Temple Panorama
A panoramic view of Martand Sun Temple

Economy

In 2010 Anantnag was declared as major City of Export excellence with a total GDP of 3.7 billion $.[12] The high GDP of Anantnag is due to the centralised position and presence of high concentration of troops and migrant labours in it. Anantnag has a strategic position lying on the main North-South Corridor Road and with the highest number of tourist destinations it an economic hub of Kashmir Valley. The city suffered heavily during conflict times of the 1990s; many roads, bridges, and government buildings were reduced to ash. But in the 2000s, it made a quick recovery. It has been listed among 100 fastest economically developing cities.[12]

Transport

Srinagar is 53 km from Anantnag on NH 44 (former name NH 1A before renumbering of all national highways). The distances of some other towns from Anantnag are: Achabal 10 km, Kokarnag 23 km, Doru Shahabad 20 km and Pahalgam 39 km.[13]

Education

There are numerous primary, middle secondary and higher secondary schools in the city.

Of the higher education, the following establishments are notable:

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Anantnag City Census 2011 data". Archived from the original on 5 May 2012.
  2. ^ {{lit|countless springs}Bhat, M. Ashraf (2017), The Changing Language Roles and Linguistic Identities of the Kashmiri Speech Community, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 57, ISBN 978-1-4438-6260-8
  3. ^ "Ananta Shesha". www.speakingtree.in. Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Anantnag or Islamabad? What is the actual name of this South Kashmir district?". Kashmir Watch. 15 February 2018. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  5. ^ Ahmad, Khalid Bashir (2017), Kashmir: Exposing the Myth behind the Narrative, SAGE Publishing India, pp. 201–, ISBN 978-93-86062-81-9
  6. ^ Bhat, M. Ashraf (2017), The Changing Language Roles and Linguistic Identities of the Kashmiri Speech Community, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, p. 57, ISBN 978-1-4438-6260-8
  7. ^ "What is in a name – Islamabad". kashmirdispatch.com. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  8. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Anantnag. Fallingrain.com.
  9. ^ "Climatological Information for Srinigar, India". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ a b c "Places To Visit In Anantnag". Holidify Pvt Ltd.
  12. ^ a b "Centre declares Srinagar, Anantnag as 'Export Excellence towns'". The Economic Times. 1 December 2010. Archived from the original on 12 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Anantnag Pin code". citypincode.in. Retrieved 20 March 2014.

External links

Achabal

Achabal (locally known as Achhval) is a town in Anantnag district, in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Achabal is an important tourist place about 9.1 km away from Anantnag. The place is notable for an ancient spring surrounded by a garden terraced and developed by the Mughals. The upper portion of the garden is called 'Bag-e-Begum Abad' developed by Malika Noor Jehan Begum in 1616 AD and renowned as Sahib Abad in which there is a Hamam (treasure of water) getting heat from a logical lamp (Tosnag).

Cascades and fountains have been erected by Mughal Emperors. A mosque standing in the garden is believed to have been

constructed by Mughal Prince Dara Shikwah. Achabal was once the pleasure retreat of Empress Noor Jehan. A trout hatchery is also located nearby.

Achabal is the site of a Mughal garden called Achabal Gardens.

Achabal Gardens

Achabal Gardens, "the places of the princes", is a small Mughal garden located at the southeastern end of the Kashmir Valley in the town of Achabal, Anantnag district, India. Located near the Himalayan Mountains, the site may have been a Hindu sacred site known as "Akkshavala" previously.

Akingam

Akingam is a village in South Kashmir and a newly formed tehsil in the Anantnag district, in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir.It is at a distance of 14.2 km or 8.8 miles (approx) from the Lal Chowk in Anantnag along a route passing through the tourist resorts of Achabal and Kokernag. In revenue records the village Akingam is still called Maqan Shiva Bhagwati. The adjacent villages are Mohripura, Hiller, Badasgam, Hardpora and Badoora.

Anantnag district

Anantnag is a district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of ten districts which make up the Kashmir Valley. The district headquarters is Anantnag city. As of 2011, it was the third most populous district of Jammu and Kashmir (out of 22), after Jammu and Srinagar.

Anantnag railway station

Anantnag railway station is a railway station on the Northern railway network. It is the headquarters of Anantnag division of Northern Railway zone .

Bijbehara railway station

Bijbehara railway station is a railway station on the Northern railway network in Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir. It is the twelfth station on the railway line about 93 km from Baramulla railway station. It is 3 km away from the main town.

Daksum

Daksum (Kashmiri: ڈکسم, Hindi: डक्सुम ) located in the Green Forests of Jammu and Kashmir at Anantnag-Semthan-Kishtwar road (NH-1B), is a natural scenic spot. However, it is still to be counted in the Tourist Places of JK Tourism Department with Sinthan top (situated at an altitude of 2,438m).Coordinates: 33°36'43"N 75°26'6"E.

Doru Shahabad

Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.

Fatehpora

Fatehpora also known as Fateh Pora & Fatehpura, is an economic hub area of Anantnag district in the state of Jammu & Kashmir, India.Fatehpora is located at 33.656027°N 75.160375°E / 33.656027; 75.160375. It has an average elevation of 1600 metres (5478 feet) above mean sea level.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Kokernag

Kokernag is a sub-district town and a notified area committee in Breng Valley (The Golden Crown of Kashmir), Anantnag district in the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. The place is known for its gardens, pristine fresh water springs and rainbow trout farms. It is 25.3 km from Anantnag via NH244.It is one of the most popular weekend getaways from the state capital Srinagar.

Lidder Valley

The Lidder Valley or Liddar Valley in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, is a Himalayan sub-valley that forms the southeastern corner of the Kashmir Valley. The Lidder River flows down the valley. The entrance to the valley lies 7 km northeast from Anantnag town and 62 km southeast from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a 40-km-long gorge valley with an average width of 3 km.

Mehbooba Mufti

Mehbooba Mufti (born 22 May 1959) is an Indian politician of the Jammu and Kashmir Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), who served as the Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir from 4 April 2016 to 19 June 2018. She formed a coalition government with the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and resigned on 19 June 2018 after the BJP withdrew from the coalition.Mufti was the first woman to hold the office of Chief Minister in the state. She is the president of the PDP and was a member of the Indian parliament, representing Anantnag in the 16th Lok Sabha; before she was sworn in as the Chief Minister of J&K. She had previously represented Anantnag in the 14th Lok Sabha (2004–09) but did not contest the 2009 election for the 15th Lok Sabha.

Pahalgam

Pahalgam is a tourist town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a popular tourist destination and hill station. Its lush green meadows and pristine waters attract thousands of tourists from all over the world each year. It is located 45 kilometres (28 mi) from Anantnag on the banks of Lidder River at an altitude of 7,200 feet (2,200 m). Pahalgam is the headquarters of one of the five tehsils of Anantnag district. Pahalgam is associated with the annual Amarnath Yatra. Chandanwari, located 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Pahalgam is the starting point of the yatra that takes place every year in the months of July–August.

Quimoh

Quimoh is a town situated between two districts, Kulgam district and Anantnag district, towards North of Dachnipora located in Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The distance between Kulgam and Quimoh is 11 KM where its headquarters are located. It is bounded by Devsar towards west, Anantnag city towards East, Qazigund town towards South, and Kulgam city towards west.

Sadura railway station

Sadura Railway Station is a railway station on the Northern railway network of India. It is the headquarters of Anantnag division of Northern Railway zone.

Shangus

Shangus is a town, notified area committee and a tehsil in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Shangus is about 4.5 kilometres from Achabal.

Sinthan top

Sinthen top is a mountain pass, a popular tourist destination located between South Kashmir's Breng Valley (Sub-District Kokernag) in Anantnag district and Kishtwar in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Most of the part lies on Kishtwar side.

Tarsar Lake

The Tarsar Lake or Tar Sar is an almond-shaped, oligotrophic alpine lake situated in the Kashmir Valley, specifically in Aru, Anantnag district, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Climate data for Anantnag (1971–1986)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7.3
(45.1)
8.4
(47.1)
14.0
(57.2)
20.5
(68.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.6
(85.3)
30.2
(86.4)
29.8
(85.6)
27.3
(81.1)
22.2
(72.0)
15.1
(59.2)
8.2
(46.8)
19.7
(67.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.1
(28.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
3.4
(38.1)
7.9
(46.2)
10.9
(51.6)
14.8
(58.6)
18.3
(64.9)
17.2
(63.0)
12.1
(53.8)
5.8
(42.4)
−0.1
(31.8)
−1.4
(29.5)
7.3
(45.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 47
(1.9)
69
(2.7)
122
(4.8)
88
(3.5)
67
(2.6)
36
(1.4)
61
(2.4)
77
(3.0)
31
(1.2)
33
(1.3)
32
(1.3)
54
(2.1)
717
(28.2)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 7.0 8.3 11.1 8.2 8.2 5.9 7.7 6.6 3.5 3.1 3.0 5.9 78.5
Source: HKO[9]
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