Anant Kanekar

Anant Atmaram Kanekar (1905–1980) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.

He was born in Mumbai on 2 December 1905.

Education and career

Kanekar finished his high school studies in 1923 at Chikitsak Samuha Shirolkar High School in Girgaon, Mumbai. After receiving from Mumbai University a bachelor's degree and a law degree in 1927 and 1929, respectively, Kanekar practiced law for about four years.

Through publication of a collection of his poems in 1933 and a collection of his short personal essays the next year, Kanekar had established himself by 1935 as a successful writer. Leaving the legal profession in 1935, he worked during the next five years as an editor of, first, weekly Chitra (चित्रा) and then weekly Asha (आशा).

In 1941, he joined Khalsa College in Mumbai, and moved on to Siddarth College in the same city five years later, both in a professorial capacity. He stayed at the latter college as a professor for many years.

Literary work


  • Chandarat (चांदरात) (collection); 1933

Short personal essays

  • Pikali Pane (पिकली पाने)


  • Dhukyatun Lal Taryakade (धुक्यातून लाल तार्याकडे) (concerning 1937 travels through Europe and the Soviet Union)
  • Amachi Mati, Amache Akash (आमची माती, आमचे आकाश) (concerning 1949 travels through northern regions of India)
  • Nile Dongar, Tambdi Mati (निळे डोंगर, तांबडी माती) (concerning 1950 travels through southern regions of India)
  • Khadak Kortat Aakash (खडक कोरतात आकाश)

Short stories

  • Jagatya Chhaya (जागत्या छाया) (collection)
  • Wijechi Wel (विजेची वेल) (collection)

Movie dialogs

  • Manus (माणूस); 1939
  • Adami (आदमी) (Hindi version of Manus); 1939


In 1933, in collaboration with four littérateurs interested like him in promoting stage plays, Kanekar co-founded Natya Manvantar (नाट्यमन्वंतर). The organization successfully presented for some years several stage performances. Kanekar wrote a few of the plays --Nishikantachi Nawari (निशिकांताची नवरी) is one of them—and also performed in a few plays. He also translated the play " DOLL'S HOUSE" by Ibsen as "GHARKUL" which was probably best transformation of original.


Kanekar presided over Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan in Aurangabad in 1957.

Mumbai University holds a series of lectures in his memory.

External links

15th National Film Awards

The 15th National Film Awards, presented by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, India to felicitate the best of Indian Cinema released in 1967. Ceremony took place at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi on 25 November 1968 and awards were given by then President of India, Zakir Hussain.

With 15th National Film Awards, format of awards has been changed, which includes introduction of new awards and categorisation. Unlike earlier, films then categorised into feature films and short films. Feature films awards were continued with All India Awards and Regional Awards but couple of more awards were introduced at the all India level to honour artists and technicians.

Major awards introduced for feature films starting with 15th National Film Awards includes awards for Best Actor, Best Actress, Best Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Music Direction, Best Playback Singer of the Year and Best Screenplay.

Starting 15th National Film Awards, Short films had their own share of awards which introduced seven new awards for various types/genre of short films made in the country, including Best Promotional Film, Best Educational / Instructional Film, Best Film on Social Documentation etc.

Certificate of Merit in all the categories is discontinued with 15th National Film Awards, which also led to discontinuation of second and third film/documentary, again in all the categories, except Second Best Feature Film.

Bombay riots

The Bombay riots usually refers to the riots in Mumbai, in December 1992 and January 1993, in which around 700 people died. The riots were mainly due to escalations of hostilities after large scale violent protests by Muslims in reaction to the 1992 Babri Masjid Demolition by Hindu Karsevaks in Ayodhya.An investigative commission was formed under Justice B.N. Srikrishna, but the recommendations of the Inquiry were not enacted.Many scholars stated that the riots were allegedly pre-planned, and that the Hindu rioters were allegedly granted access to information about the locations of Muslim homes and businesses through sources that were not public. The violence was widely reported as having been orchestrated by the Shiv Sena, a Hindu-nationalist political party in Maharashtra. A high-ranking member of the special branch later stated that the police were fully aware of the Shiv Sena's capabilities to commit acts of violence, and that they had incited hate against the minority communities. Historian Barbara Metcalf has stated that the riots were anti-Muslim pogrom.The riots were followed by the retaliatory 12 March 1993 Bombay Bombings.

Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu

Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhu (CKP) is an ethno-religious clan of South Asia.

Traditionally, the CKPs have the upanayana (thread ceremony) and have been granted the rights to study the vedas and perform vedic rituals along with the Brahmins.

Ritually ranked very high, they may be considered socially proximate to the Maharashtrian Brahmin community, They have traditionally been an elite and literate but a numerically small community.'Prabhu' means a person who holds a high position in the government.Historically, they made equally good warriors, statesmen as well as writers.According to the historian, B.R. Sunthankar, this community produced some of the best warriors in Maharashtrian History. The CKP also performed three Vedic karmas(duties) which in sanskrit are called: Adhyayan- studying of the Vedas, yajna- ritual done in front of a sacred fire, often with mantras and dāna – alms or charity.Traditionally, in Maharashtra, the caste structure was headed by the Brahmins castes – the deshasthas, chitpawans, karhade, saraswats and the CKPs.Other than the Brahmins, the Prabhus (CKPs and Pathare Prabhus) were the communities advanced in education.They are mainly concentrated in Maharashtra. They may be considered part of the broader "non-uniform functional group" called Kayastha which modern scholars opine is not a "caste" but a group composed of distinct castes of different varna origins (based on the region of origin), each of different social and ritual status. For example, the CKP, who are "Chandraseniya" or "Chandraseni" are of distinct origin and status from the "Chitragupta" Kayasthas of north-India and Bengal. Another difference given by Hayden J. Bellenoit who only discusses the north-Indian group in depth is that the north-Indian (Chitragupta) group usually held only lower level administrative and scribal(writer) posts unlike the Prabhus(CKP) and other groups who were more prominent. In addition, the north-Indian Kayasthas did not hold any military posts unlike the CKPs in the medieval era. The others [non-CKP] have subdivisions that again vary in Varna, origin and ritual status based on the subgroup whereas the CKP do not have any subdivisions.More formally, in Maharashtra, they are one of the Prabhu Communities and a sister caste of the Pathare Prabhu.The CKP followed the Advaita Vedanta tradition propounded by Adi Shankara, the first Shankaracharya whereas the Pathare Prabhu followed the Smartha tradition.

Chikitsak Samuha Shirolkar High School

Chikitsak Samuha Shirolkar High School (CSS High School) is an educational institute, established in 1906, in Girgaon area of Mumbai, Maharashtra State in India.

It has been a Marathi medium school since its inception and has recently incorporated an English medium section. CSS High School has been well recognized as the alma mater of top-ranking students in Maharashtra State Secondary School (SSC) Board Examinations year after year.

List of Marathi-language authors

This article contains a list of Marathi writers arranged in the English alphabetical order of the writers' last names.


Manoos, also called Life's for Living, is a 1939 Indian Marathi social melodrama film directed by V. Shantaram. The movie then remade in Hindi as Aadmi. The film was based on a short story called "The Police Constable". The story was by A. Bhaskarrao, with screenplay and dialogue by Anant Kanekar. The cinematographer was V. Avadhoot and the music was composed by Master Krishna Rao, with lyrics by Kanekar. The cast included Shahu Modak, Shanta Hublikar, Sundara Bai, Ram Marathe, Narmada, Ganpatrao and Raja Paranjpe.Manoos, termed as a "reformist social melodrama", involved the subject of an honest policemen's love for a prostitute and his attempts to rehabilitate her, and the rejection by society.

Muktabai Dixit

Muktabai Dixit (Devanagari: मुक्ताबाई दीक्षित) (1901 - ?) was a Marathi writer from Maharashtra, India.

She was born in December 1901 in the town of Edalabad in Khandesh. After finishing her high school education in Huzurpaga girls' school in Pune in 1922, she received her college education at S. P. College, also in Pune, to obtain her B.A. degree in philosophy and psychology from Mumbai University. After receiving a degree in teaching, she served as a teacher for seven years at Maharani High School in Baroda. In 1935, she obtained a master's degree in Marathi literature from Nagpur University, and joined the faculty of Thackersey College of SNDT Women's University in Pune as a professor of Marathi. Her husband owned the famous shop 'International Book Store', which is located in the Deccan area of Pune.


Mumbai (, also known as Bombay , the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2011 it is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million. The larger Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.The seven islands that constitute Mumbai were originally home to communities of Koli people, who originated in Gujarat in prehistoric times. For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay. During the mid-18th century, Bombay was reshaped by the Hornby Vellard project, which undertook reclamation of the area between the seven islands from the sea. Along with construction of major roads and railways, the reclamation project, completed in 1845, transformed Bombay into a major seaport on the Arabian Sea. Bombay in the 19th century was characterised by economic and educational development. During the early 20th century it became a strong base for the Indian independence movement. Upon India's independence in 1947 the city was incorporated into Bombay State. In 1960, following the Samyukta Maharashtra Movement, a new state of Maharashtra was created with Bombay as the capital.Mumbai is the financial, commercial and entertainment capital of India. It is also one of the world's top ten centres of commerce in terms of global financial flow, generating 6.16% of India's GDP and accounting for 25% of industrial output, 70% of maritime trade in India (Mumbai Port Trust and JNPT), and 70% of capital transactions to India's economy. The city houses important financial institutions such as the Reserve Bank of India, the Bombay Stock Exchange, the National Stock Exchange of India, the SEBI and the corporate headquarters of numerous Indian companies and multinational corporations. It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Indian Rare Earths, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic Energy Commission of India, and the Department of Atomic Energy. The city also houses India's Hindi (Bollywood) and Marathi cinema industries. Mumbai's business opportunities, as well as its potential to offer a higher standard of living, attract migrants from all over India, making the city a melting pot of many communities and cultures.

Narayan Murlidhar Gupte

Narayan Murlidhar Gupte (1 June 1872 – 30 August 1947), also known as Kavi Bee, was an Indian poet and scholar of English, Sanskrit and Marathi literature.

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