Amravati (pronunciation (help·info)) is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. Amravati is the 2nd largest and most populous city of Vidarbha after Nagpur. It is also known as Cultural Capital of Vidarbha because of its education facilities and cultural heritage. It is the administrative headquarters of the Amravati district. It is also the headquarters of the "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state. Among the historical landmarks in the city are the temples of Shree Ambadevi, Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara Swamy. The city is famous for Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, one of the largest sports complexes in India, is famous for its facility for different kinds of sports.
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Amravati Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Sanjay Naravane|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Hemant Pawar|
|• Total||183 km2 (71 sq mi)|
|Elevation||343 m (1,125 ft)|
|• Rank||India: 68th|
|• Density||3,819/km2 (9,890/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
444 601 - 444 607
|Vehicle registration||MH 27 (for entire Amravati district)|
|Distance from Nagpur||152 kilometres (94 mi) (land)|
|Distance from Mumbai||663 kilometres (412 mi) (land)|
The ancient name of Amravati is "Audumbaravati", in Prakrit, "Umbravati". The variant "Amravati" is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple. A mention of Amravati can be found on a stone inscription on the base of the marble statue of God Adinath (Jain God) Rhishabhnath. The statues date back to the year 1097. Govind Maha Prabhu visited Amravati in the 13th century, when Wardha was under the rule of Deogiri's Hindu King (Yadava dynasty). In the 14th century, there was drought and famine in Amravati, so people abandoned Amravati and left for Gujrat and Malwa. Though some locals returned after several years, this resulted in a scanty population. In the 17th century, Magar Aurangpura (today, 'Sabanpura') was allotted for a Jama Masjid by Mughal Aurangzeb. This indicates the existence of a Muslim population. In 1722, Chhattrapati Shahu presented Amravati and Badnera to Ranoji Bhosle; eventually Amravati was known as Bhosle ki Amravati. The city was reconstructed and developed by Ranoji Bhosle after the treaty of Devgaon and Anjangaon Surji and victory over Gavilgad (Fort of Chikhaldara). The British general and author Wellesly camped in Amravati, the place is still known as the 'camp', by Amravati people. Amravati city was founded towards the end of the 18th century. The Union state of Nizam and Bhosle ruled Amravati. They appointed a revenue officer but neglected defence. The Gavilgad fort was conquered by the British on 15 December 1803. Under to the Deogaon treaty, Warhad was presented as a token of the friendship to the Nizam.
Warhad was ruled by the Nizams thereafter. Around 1805, the Pendharies attacked Amravati city.
The Sahukars (bankers and merchants) of Amravati saved Amravati by presenting seven lakh rupees to Chittu Pendhari. The Nizam ruled for a more than half century. From 1859 to 1871, many government buildings were constructed by the British. The Railway Station was constructed in 1859; the Commissioner Bungalow in 1860, the Small Causes Court in 1886, (today, the S.D.O. OFFICE), the Tahsil Office & the Main Post Office were built in 1871. The Central Jail, Collector's Office, the Rest House and Cotton Market were also built. During 1896, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Sir Moropant Joshi, Pralhad Pant Jog were prominent men in Amravati. The 13th Congress Conference was held at Amravati on 27–29 Dec' 1897 due to their efforts. The Municipal AV High School was inaugurated at the hands of Subhas Chandra Bose. Amravati housed the head office of 'Savinay Awagya Andolan '(The Civil Disobedience Movement). On 26 April 1930, water was taken from 'Dahihanda' for the famous 'Namak Satyagrah', Dr Soman brought sea water from Mumbai for the occasion. About ten thousand people prepared salt under the leadership of Vamanrao Joshi.
Udumbaravati is the ancient name of Amravati. It was due to the presence of a large number of Audumber trees in the region. Umbravati, Umravati& Amravati are derivatives of Udumbaravati. The city grew rapidly at the end of the 18th century due to growth in businesses.
In 1853, the present day territory of Amravati district, as a part of the Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amraoti. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August 1905, when the whole province was reorganised into six districts, it was again merged into the district. It became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar in 1903. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after Bombay state's bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.
Amravati, in Sanskrit, literally means 'abode of immortals'. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833, Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, due to the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. Later in 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts.
In 1897, the Indian National Congress assembled at Amraoti. It was headed by Chettur Sankaran Nair . In an address he referred to the high-handedness of foreign administration, called for reforms and asked for self-government for India with Dominion Status.
Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh hid for 3 days in Amravati during his underground stint. He is known to have frequently visited the Hanuman Akhada (Gym) in this time. The ancient name of Amravati is "Audumbaravati", in prakrut, "Umbravati". The variant 'Amravati' is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple.
Population of Amravati in 2011 was 6,47,057; of which male and female are 3,29,992 and 3,17,065 respectively. The sex ratio of Amravati city is 957 per 1000 males.
Amravati is located at  It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 mi) west of Nagpur and serves as the administrative centre of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. The city is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. There are two lakes in the eastern part of the city, Chhatri Talao & Wadali Talao. Pohara & Chirodi hills are to the east of the city. The Maltekdi hill is inside the city, it is 60 meters high..
Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters. Summer lasts from March to June, monsoon season from July to October and winter from November to March.
The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 49.1 °C on 25 May 2013 and 5.0 °C on 9 February 1887 respectively.
|Climate data for Amravati|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||15
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||13
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
Amravati Municipal Corporation is the local authority in the city. It is headed by a mayor who is assisted by a deputy mayor elected for a tenure of three years. It was established on 15 August 1983. The area governed by the Municipal Corporation at that time was 121.65 km2 comprising the erstwhile Municipal Councils of Amravati and Badnera along with eighteen revenue villages. Now the total area of Amravati city is 270 km2 of which 181 km2 falls under municipal limits and about 89 km2 does not fall within the municipal limits.
Amravati district's police is headed by Police Commissioner. The city has ten police stations.
At the heart of the city is the Government Vidarbha Institute Of Science And Humanities, formerly Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya established in -1923 It started out as King Edward College. It is a college serving Amravati with many branches for humanities at the undergraduate and post-graduate level. The college has several renowned alumni. All the colleges in the city are affiliated to Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University including Government College of Engineering, Amravati.
Shree Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal was established in 1914 and is serving as a sports institution. Its members are known to have participated in the Indian independence movement. It has diversified its activities to the field of Ayurveda, education (in tribal areas), Engineering and Technology.
Temple of Goddess Amba, also known as Ekvira, is an example of religious architecture in the Vidarbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laid from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but it is now caved in.
An artistic mosque was built by the Nizam of Hyderabad, Mir Osman Ali Khan, this Masjid was named "Osmania Masjid".
There are well known temples located in the city, examples include the Balkrishna temple, Someshwar Temple, Murlidhar, Vitthal Mandir, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Jain Shwetamber Temple, Kala Maroti Temple, Nilkanth Temple, Shri Krishna temple, and Mrugendraswami math.
City bus service is run by the Amravati Municipal Corporation. Private auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also popular. Motorcycles and scooters outnumber cars. Amravati has also started a Women's Special City bus which is a first in Vidarbha region.
The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) provides transport services for intercity and interstate travel. Many private operators also ply on the highly travelled Amravati – Pune and Amravati – Indore route. Bus services to cities like Nagpur, Bhopal, Indore, Raipur, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Pune, Akola, Nanded, Aurangabad, Parbhani, Solapur, Gondia, Shirdi, Hyderabad and Kolhapur are also available.
Recently new Star City Buses are launched in the city replacing the old city buses.
Amravati has three railway stations: Amravati, New Amravati and Badnera junction, Amravati station in the heart of the city is a terminus. Railway line could not be extended beyond it. Therefore, a new station was constructed outside the city when a new railway line was laid to connect Badnera junction to Narkhed on the Nagpur-Itarsi main railway line.
Amravati railway station is situated on the branch line from Badnera on Nagpur-Bhusawal section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of Central Railways. The New Amravati railway station building was inaugurated on 10 December 2011. Amravati railway station provides multiple shuttle services to Badnera throughout the day.
Important trains departing Amravati Terminal:
11406 : Amravati - Pune Express
12159 : Amravati - Jabalpur Super fast Express 12112 : Amravati - Mumbai Superfast Express 12119 : Amravati - Ajni Intercity Express 22118 : Amravati -Pune AC SuperFast Express
19026 : Amravati - Surat Express 12766 : Amravati - Tirupati Express
Daily 8 shuttle trains run between Amravati - Badnera Jn.
Amravati Airport, located at Bellora, 15 kilometres off NH-6 towards Akola, is operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC). Presently it has no commercial scheduled flights. The Nagpur Flying Club has applied to DGCA for permission to shift its flying operations to Amravati airport.  It also has a helipad facility. MADC is acquiring about 400 Hectares of land for developing the airport and related facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 2.25 billion. Recently Amravati Airport has been handed over to Airport Authority Of India for development
Territorial Army Parade Ground is a multi purpose stadium in the city, formerly known as the Reforms Club Ground. 1958 First recorded Cricket match was held in 1958. The ground is owned and managed by the Territorial Army, a part-time branch of the Indian Army. The ground is mainly used for organizing football and cricket matches and other sports.
The stadium hosted one Ranji Trophy match in 1976 when the Vidarbha cricket team played against the Rajasthan cricket team.
Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal Ground is a cricket ground that held a single first-class match when Vidarbha cricket team played Rajasthan cricket team in the 1980/81 Ranji Trophy, which resulted in a Rajasthan victory by 7 wickets.
The city has been rapidly expanded beyond Badnera, 10 km to the south, an important railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main Mumbai–Bhusawal–Akola–Nagpur railway line.
Amravati is growing as an industrial centre, with cotton mills leading the way. Amravati district is home to Vidarbha Sugar Mills Ltd., Kurha. It is the sole surviving sugar factory in Amravati region. A 2,700 MW Thermal Power Plant is being developed at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) plans to make air defense missiles at a proposed site at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC. Many major textile industries such as siyaram's, Raymonds, Finlay mills have been established in the outskirts of the city.
Warehousing / Godown facility Amravati is main city in Vidarbha region and division in Maharashtra. Warehousing facility is available provided by Central Warehousing Corporation and for agricultural produce APMC godowns are available which is not sufficient for this huge city. Maharashtra state warehousing Corporation does't have any warehousing centre in city.
Infrastructure development is also being seen in the city as the construction of new flyovers, malls leading their way. The main attraction is 'Y' flyover situated at Panchavati - Gadge Nagar link road.
Work on Amravati Airport will start soon as it has been handed over to Airports Authority of India for the development. AAI is planning to develop the Airport in Amravati city within 2–3 years. The runway will be extended and night landing facilities will be provided.
This includes must see places in Amravati and surrounding areas.
Akola is a district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The city of Akola is the district headquarters. Akola district forms the central part of Amravati Division, which was the former British Raj Berar Province.
Area of the district is 5,431 km². It is bounded on the north by Amravati District, to the east by Amravati District and by Washim District, to the south by Washim District, and to the west by Buldhana District. Washim was earlier a part of Akola till 1999.Amaravati
Amaravati is the de facto capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. The planned city is located on the southern banks of the Krishna river in Guntur district, within the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region, being built on a 217 sq km riverfront designed to have 51% of green spaces and 10% of water bodies. The word "Amaravati" derives from the historical Amaravathi Temple town, the ancient capital of the Satavahana dynasty. The foundation stone was laid on 22 October 2015, at Uddandarayunipalem area by the Prime Minister, Narendra Modi. The metropolitan area of Guntur and Vijayawada are the major conurbations of Amaravati.Amaravati is being constructed to serve as the new capital city of Andhra Pradesh, after Telangana was split off as a separate state in 2014. The former capital city, Hyderabad, is now located inside Telangana. A new capital city had to be either assigned or constructed on the remaining territory of Andhra Pradesh. The choice fell on the Amaravati, which was specifically designed to that end. For a transitional period of no more than 10 years, Hyderabad could continue to serve as the residence of Andhra Pradesh's official state institutions; thus, they are required to move to the newly constructed capital of Amaravati by 2024.
As of October 2016, the majority of departments and officials of the Andhra Pradesh State Government are now functioning from interim facilities located in the Velagapudi area of Amaravati, with only a skeleton staff remaining behind in Hyderabad. Since April 2016, the office of the Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh started its operations from Velagapudi. The Andhra Pradesh Legislature remained in Hyderabad until March 2017, when it relocated to newly constructed interim legislative buildings in Velagapudi.Amravati (Lok Sabha constituency)
Amravati Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India.Amravati district
Amravati District is a District of Maharashtra state in central India. Amravati is the administrative headquarters of the district.
The district is situated between 20°32' and 21°46' north latitudes and 76°37' and 78°27' east longitudes. The district occupies an area of 12,235 km². The district is bounded by Betul District of Madhya Pradesh state to the north, and by the Maharashtra districts of Nagpur to the northeast, Chindwara district of Madhya Pradesh to the northeast Wardha to the east, Yavatmal to the south, Washim to the southwest, and Akola and Buldhana districts to the west.Amravati division
Amravati division also known as Varhad is one of the six administrative divisions of Maharashtra state in India. Amravati and Nagpur divisions constitute the ancient Vidarbha region. Amravati Division is bound by Madhya Pradesh state to the north, Nagpur Division to the east, Telangana state to the southeast, Marathwada region (Aurangabad Division) to the south and southwest, and Nashik Division to the west.
Area: 46,090 km²
Population (2011 census): 11,266,653
Districts: Akola, Amravati, Buldhana, Washim, Yavatmal
Largest City: Amravati
Area under irrigation: 2,582.02 km²
Railways: broad gauge 249 km, meter gauge 227 km, narrow gauge 188 km.Amravati railway station
Amravati railway station serves Amravati in Amravati district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is linked to Badnera railway station on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. This is a Terminal Station. Train for Mumbai, Pune, Tirupati, Jabalpur, Surat, Nagpur originates from Amravati. It is one of the three railway stations of Amravati city.Badnera Junction railway station
Badnera railway station serves Badnera, an area in Amravati city in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is a junction station on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line. There is a broad gauge line to Narkhed. Today, Badnera is a part of Amravati Municipal Corporation. City buses are also available from this Railway station to many area of Amravati city. This is one of major junctions on the Mumbai Howrah Railway Line. Badnera is crew change point for all goods Trains plying Bhusaval Nagpur Line addition to that some Express Trains gets crew change here as well. Badnera is last station of Bhusaval Division of Central Railway so, many express trains get slack time here so reached Badnera Right time. There is one Branch line for Amravati which is for 9 km one of shortest branch lines in India. Badnera, New Amravati Railway station are in Amravati Municipal Corporation, so connected well with Amravati city. Trains starting from Amravati to Nagpur does not touch Badnera due Chord line which eliminates Reversal at Badnera.51262 Wardha Amravati Passenger halt here for 110minutes, 51198 Wardha Bhusaval Passenger halt here for 85 min which is very rare in Indian Railways in terms of halt time.Buldhana district
Buldhana district is located in the Amravati division of Maharashtra, India. It is situated at the western border of Vidarbha region and is 500 km away from the state capital, Mumbai. The district has towns and cities like Shegaon, Malkapur, Khamgaon, Lonar, Mehkar, and Chikhli. It is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh in the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west.Latitudes are 19.51° to 21.17° N and Longitudes are 75.57° to 76.59° E. Bounded on the north by Madhya Pradesh state, to the east by Akola and Washim, to the south by Parbhani and Jalna districts, and to the west by Jalna and Jalgaon districts.
Buldhana holds religious significance as it is the site of the Shri Gajanan Maharaj temple, Shegaon.Gawilghur
Gawilghur (also Gawilgarh or Gawilgad) was a well-fortified mountain stronghold of the Maratha Empire north of the Deccan Plateau, in the vicinity of Melghat Tiger Reserve, Amravati District, Maharashtra. It was successfully assaulted by an Anglo-Indian force commanded by Arthur Wellesley on 15 December 1803 during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. The campaign to take Gawilghur forms the background of the novel Sharpe's Fortress by Bernard Cornwell, the third in a series of books covering the hero's time in the British army in India during the Napoleonic era.List of districts of Maharashtra
The Indian State of Maharashtra came into existence on 1 May 1960. It is also known as Maharashtra Day, initially with 26 districts. 10 new districts have been created since then, and currently the number of districts in the state is 36. These districts are grouped into five administrative divisions shown below.List of state highways in Maharashtra
The state highways are arterial routes of a state, linking district headquarters and important towns within the state and connecting them with national highways or highways of the neighbouring states.Malkhed railway station
Malkhed railway station is a small railway station located in Amravati District of Maharashtra state in Western India.
Its Indian Railways station code is MLR. It serves Malkhed town in Amravati district and its nearby areas. Currently 6 trains stop at Malkhed railway stationNarkhed–Amravati line
The Narkhed–Amravati line is a railway line connecting Narkhed town in Nagpur district and Amravati city, both in the Indian state of the Maharashtra. The line is under the administrative jurisdiction of Central RailwayNew Amravati railway station
New Amravati railway station is a small railway station in Amravati city of Maharashtra. Its code is NAVI.Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar
Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar CIE was an Indian politician who served as the President of the Indian National Congress for one term, succeeding Pandit Bishan Narayan Dar. He presided over 27th session of Indian National Congress at Bankipore (Patna) in 1912.Raghunath Mudholkar was born in Dhulia, Khandesh, in a respectable middle-class family on 16 May 1857. He had his education partly at Dhulia and partly in Vidarbha. Then he went to Bombay and graduated from Elphinstone College where he was granted a Fellowship.
He was leading Lawyer practising at Amravati along with G. S. Khaparde and Moropant V Joshi. He was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire in January 1914, in recognition of his public services.He was a devout Hindu, advocated social reforms like female education, widow remarriage and removal of Untouchability. As a follower of Gokhale, he believed that developing nationalism required British cooperation and therefore the national movement should be constitutional and nonviolent. He was in the Congress from 1888 to 1917, and thereafter joined the Liberals. He was in the Congress delegation of 1890 sent to England to voice the grievances of the Indians. He was President of the Indian National Congress held at Bankipur in 1912.
He admired Parliamentary democracy but opposed British bureaucracy. He criticised the economic policy of the Government, helped to establish a number of industries in Vidarbha and advocated technical education. He founded several social organisations and worked for the uplift of the poor. He died on 13 January 1921.His son Janardhan became Judge at Supreme Court of India during 1960-1966.Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University
Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University (previously known as Amravati University), named after Sant Gadge Baba, is a public state university located at Amravati in the Vidarbha region of the state of Maharashtra, India.Shendurjana Ghat
Shendurjana Ghat is a town of Warud Tehsil, Amravati district, Maharashtra, India.Vidarbha
Vidarbha is the eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division. Amravati division's former name is Berar (Varhad in Marathi). It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. Situated in central India, Vidarbha has its own rich cultural and historical background distinct from rest of Maharashtra. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.The Nagpur region is known for growing oranges and cotton. Vidarbha holds two-thirds of Maharashtra's mineral resources and three-quarters of its forest resources, and is a net producer of power. Vidarbha region contains Tadoba Andhari Tiger Project, Melghat Tiger Reserve, Bor Wildlife Sanctuary, Navegaon National Park, Nagzira Wildlife Sanctuary and Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary. Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the premier tiger reserves of India and the only one to straddle across two states: Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.
Throughout its history, Vidarbha has remained much calmer than the rest of India, especially during the communal troubles. However there is considerable poverty and malnutrition. It is less economically prosperous compared to the rest of Maharashtra. The living conditions of farmers in this region are poor compared to India as a whole. There have been more than 200,000 farmers' suicides in Maharashtra in a decade, of which 70% being in the 11 districts of Vidarbha region.There have been recent calls for a separate state of Vidarbha, due to perceived neglect from the Government of Maharashtra and incompetent political leadership in Vidarbha. Though rich in minerals, coal, forests and mountains, this region has mostly remained underdeveloped because of the continuous dominance of political leadership from the other parts of the state, especially Western Maharashtra. Being culturally, politically and financially distinct from the rest of Maharashtra, the calls for a separate state rose to prominence only when the leaders from this region were sidelined by other political leaders in recent years. Statehood demands have not been fulfilled mainly due to the opposition from the Shiv Sena, a major state political party.Warud Orange City railway station
Warud Orange City railway station is a small railway station in Amravati district, Maharashtra. Its code is WOC. It serves Warud Town. The station consists of one platform. The platform is not well sheltered. It lacks many facilities including water and sanitation.Waruds railway station has given the name "Warud Orange City" because it is the biggest exporter of oranges in India.