Amphibious transport dock

An amphibious transport dock, also called a landing platform/dock (LPD), is an amphibious warfare ship, a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions.[1] Several navies currently operate this kind of ship. The ships are generally designed to transport troops into a war zone by sea, primarily using landing craft, although invariably they also have the capability to operate transport helicopters.

Amphibious transport docks perform the mission of amphibious transports, amphibious cargo ships, and the older LSDs by incorporating both a flight deck and a well deck that can be ballasted and deballasted to support landing craft or amphibious vehicles. The main difference between LSDs and LPDs is that while both have helicopter landing decks, the LPD also has hangar facilities for protection and maintenance.[2] In the United States Navy, the newer class of LPD has succeeded the older classes of LSDs, and both the Navy and U.S. Marine Corps are looking to the LPD to be the basis of their new LX(R) program to replace their LSDs.[3]

San Antonio class rendering
The interior configuration of the United States Navy's San Antonio-class amphibious transport dock shows features common to most LPDs

LPD classes

In service

Country Class In service Commissioned Length Beam Draft Displacement (mt) Note
 Algeria Kalaat Béni Abbès 1 2015 140 m (460 ft) 21.5 m (71 ft) 5.3 m (17 ft) 9,000 BDSL-474
 Brazil Bahia 1 2016 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Ex-Siroco (L9012) sold to Brazil Navy in 2015, renamed Bahia (G40). Siroco toulon
 Chile Sargento Aldea 1 2011 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Ex-Foudre (L9011) sold to Chile Navy in 2011, renamed Sargento Aldea (LSDH-91). USS America (LHA-6) and Sargento Aldea (LSDH-91) underway off Chile in August 2014
 China Type 071 (Yuzhao)[4] 5 2007 210 m (690 ft) 28 m (92 ft) 7 m (23 ft) 25,000 Yuzhao (Type 071) Class Amphibious Ship
 India Jalashwa 1 2007 173.7 m (570 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,600 Ex-USS Trenton (LPD-14) sold to the Indian Navy in 2007, renamed INS Jalashwa (L41). INS Jalashwa
 Indonesia Tanjung Dalpele 1 2003 122 m (400 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394 Converted to a hospital ship in 2007, renamed KRI Dr Soeharso (990). 015BANGGA
Makassar 4 2007 122–125 m (400–410 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394 Kri makassar-590
 Italy San Giorgio 3 1987 133 m (436 ft) 20.5 m (67 ft) 7,650 (San Giorgio and San Marco)
7,980 (San Giusto)
San Marco (L9893) underway in the Mediterranean Sea on 16 June 2016
 Japan Ōsumi 3 1998 178 m (584 ft) 25.8 m (85 ft) 6.0 m (19.7 ft) 14,000 OsumiNagasaki
 Netherlands Rotterdam 2 1997 166 m (545 ft) 27 m (89 ft) 6.0 m (19.7 ft) 12,750 (Rotterdam)
16,800 (Johan de Witt)
Johan de Wit L801
 Peru Makassar 2 on order[5] 122 m (400 ft) 22 m (72 ft) 4.9 m (16 ft) 11,394 Kri makassar-590
 Philippines Tarlac 2 2016[6] 123 m (404 ft) 21.8 m (72 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 11,583 BRP Tarlac homebound
 Singapore Endurance 4 2000 141 m (463 ft) 21 m (69 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 8,500 Singapore Strait Passing warship
 Spain Galicia 2 1998 166 m (545 ft) 25 m (82 ft) 5.8 m (19 ft) 13,815 Buque de asalto anfibio(L-51) Galicia santander
 Thailand Angthong 1 2012 141 m (463 ft) 21 m (69 ft) 5.0 m (16.4 ft) 8,500 Thai landing ship Angthong (LPD 791) in February 2016
 United Kingdom Albion 2 2003 176 m (577 ft) 28.9 m (95 ft) 7.1 m (23 ft) 19,560 HMS Albion MOD 45151289
 United States San Antonio 11 2006 208 m (682 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 7.0 m (23.0 ft) 24,900 USS San Antonio

Decommissioned

Country Class In service Commissioned Length Beam Draft Displacement (mt) Note
 France Ouragan 2 1963–2007 149 m (489 ft) 21.5 m (71 ft) 5.4 m (18 ft) 8,500 FS Ouragan 2
Bougainville 1 1988–2008 113.50 m (372.4 ft) 17.00 m (55.77 ft) 4.24 m (13.9 ft) 4,870 Bougainville p1150183
Foudre 2 1990–2015 168 m (551 ft) 23.5 m (77 ft) 5.2 m (17 ft) 12,000 Sold to Chile and Brazil. Siroco toulon
 United States Raleigh 3 1962–2005 159 m (522 ft) 30 m (98 ft) 7.0 m (23.0 ft) 13,818 USS La Salle (LPD-3)converted from Landing Platform Dock to Auxiliary Flagship and redesignated as USS La Salle (AGF-3) in 1972. Dedalo (R01) USS Raleigh (LPD-1) and USS Saipan (LHA-2) at Rota 1982.JPEG
Austin 3 1965–2007 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914 120828-N-YG591-126
Cleveland 7 1967–2014 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914 Some sources consider Cleveland (seven built) to be a part of the Austin class. USS Coronado (LPD-11) converted from Landing Platform Dock to Auxiliary Flagship and redesignated as USS Coronado (AGF-11) in 1980. USS Cleveland LPD-7
Trenton 2 1971–2017 173 m (568 ft) 32 m (105 ft) 6.7 m (22 ft) 16,914 Some sources consider Trenton (two built) ships to be a part of the Austin class. Ex-USS Trenton (LPD-14) sold to the Indian Navy and in active service with Indian Navy. USS Ponce (LPD-15) converted to an Afloat Forward Staging Base (Interim) in 2012, redesignated as USS Ponce (AFSB(I)-15). USS Trenton LPD-14 fleetweek2004
 United Kingdom Fearless 2 1965-2002 158.5 m (520 ft) 24.4 m (80 ft) 6.3 m (21 ft) 16,950 Scrapped in between 2002 and 2008 in Belgium and UK. HMS Ocean provided amphibious cover until the two ships of the Albion class were available. HMS Fearless (L10) off North Carolina 1996.JPEG

Gallery

LCVP III in Hr.Ms. Rotterdam

The well deck of HNLMS Rotterdam

Aboard HNLMS Johan De Witt (L 801)

Aviation hangar of the Rotterdam-class HNLMS Johan de Witt

USSJuneausternflood

Stern of USS Juneau ballasted for amphibious operations

Siroco2.jpeg

The open well deck of the French ship Siroco

USS San Antonio AAV02

The well deck of USS San Antonio

See also

References

  1. ^ "Northrop wins contract add-on for 10th LPD-class amphibious transport dock ship". The Mississippi Press. 30 April 2010.
  2. ^ "World Wide Landing Ship Dock/Landing Platform Dock". Retrieved 2012-05-17.
  3. ^ "[USMC General] Amos: Replace LSD amphib fleet with LPDs". military.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  4. ^ "Chinese Amphibious Type 071 Class Landing Platform Dock". May 2, 2013.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-07-13. Retrieved 2013-07-13.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2014-01-29.

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