Amit Singhal

Amitabh Kumar "Amit" Singhal (born September 1968) was the senior vice president at Google Inc. He was a Google Fellow and the head of Google's core Search team for 15 years.[5][6] He left Google on 26 February 2016 as the Head of Google Search.[7][8]

He joined as Senior Vice President of engineering at Uber, a position he took up in 2017, which he was asked to resign from shortly after for failing to disclose a sexual harassment case during his time at Google.[9][10][11]

Amit Singhal
BornSeptember 1968 (age 50)
Alma materCornell University (PhD,1996)
University of Minnesota (MS,1991)
IIT Roorkee (BS,1989)
AwardsMember of NAE
ACM Fellow
Scientific career
FieldsInformation retrieval
ThesisTerm weighting revisited (1997)
Doctoral advisorClaire Cardie[2][3]
Gerard Salton [4]
Websitesinghal.info

Biography

Born in Jhansi, a city in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India,[12] Singhal received a Bachelor of Engineering degree in computer science from IIT Roorkee in 1989.[13] He continued his computer science education in the United States, and received an M.S. degree from University of Minnesota Duluth in 1991.[14] He wrote about his time at the University of Minnesota Duluth:

UMD was the turning point in my life. Studying Information Retrieval with Don Crouch and then Don recommending that I move to Cornell to study with Gerard Salton, is the main reason behind my success today. Don gave me the love for search, I have just followed my passion ever since.[14]

— Amit Singhal

Singhal continued his studies at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York and received a Ph.D. degree in 1996.[14] At Cornell, Singhal studied with Gerard Salton, a pioneer in the field of information retrieval, the academic discipline which forms the foundation of modern search. John Battelle, in his book "The Search" calls Gerard Salton "the father of digital search." He got interested in the problem of search in 1990 at the University of Minnesota Duluth. After getting a Ph.D. in 1996, Singhal joined AT&T Labs (previously a part of Bell Labs), where he continued his research in information retrieval, speech retrieval and other related fields.[14]

Career

In 2000, he was recruited by friend Krishna Bharat to join Google.[14] Singhal ran Google's core search quality department where he and his team were responsible for the Google search algorithms. According to The New York Times, Singhal was the "master" of Google's ranking algorithm — the formulas that decide which Web pages best answer each user's question.[15] As a reward for his rewrite of the search engine in 2001, Singhal was named a "Google Fellow".[16] Singhal served as the head of Google's core search ranking team[5][6] until his retirement announced on 26 February 2016.[7] It would later transpire that Singhal's departure from Google had occurred after a sexual harassment complaint against him, that an internal review had found "credible".[9]

In 2017, he joined Uber as SVP of Engineering, reporting to CEO Travis Kalanick, and with his fellow Google alum Kevin Thompson operating as SVP of marketplace engineering.[17] He was asked to leave in February 2017 after it emerged that he had not disclosed to Uber the sexual harassment complaint against him that had been responsible for him leaving Google.[9] Singhal's departure from Uber came at a time when Uber was receiving criticism and media attention after allegations by former employee Susan Fowler of a dysfunctional culture of sexual harassment at the company.[18]

Honors and awards

In 2011 he was inducted as a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery.[19][20]

Fortune named Singhal one of the smartest people in tech.[21]

In 2011, Singhal was given the Outstanding Achievement in Science and Technology Award at The Asian Awards.[22]

He was elected Member of the National Academy of Engineering.

References

  1. ^ "Amit Singhal's journey from Jhansi to Google". CNN-IBN. 4 February 2016.
  2. ^ "Alumni by Year". Cornell University. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Abstract/Details". ProQuest. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  4. ^ "acknowledgements in doctoral thesis of Amit Singhal". Cornell University. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  5. ^ a b Bloomberg Businessweek's interview with Amit Singhal Archived 17 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b Adams, Tim (2013-01-19). "Google and the future of search: Amit Singhal and the Knowledge Graph". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2013-01-20.
  7. ^ a b "Amit Singhal, an Influential Engineer at Google, Will Retire". Cornell University. Retrieved 4 February 2016.
  8. ^ "Search chief Amit Singhal is retiring and being replaced by the firm's leading machine learning expert". Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  9. ^ a b c Swisher, Kara (February 27, 2017). "Uber's SVP of engineering is out after he did not disclose he left Google in a dispute over a sexual harassment allegation". Recode.
  10. ^ Etherington, Darrell. "Uber hires former Google search chief Amit Singhal as SVP of Engineering". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-01-20.
  11. ^ "Uber hires Google search veteran Singhal for senior engineering post". Reuters. 20 January 2017. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  12. ^ Amitabh Kumar Singhal (1997). Term Weighting Revisited (PhD). Cornell University. hdl:1813/7281.
  13. ^ "University of Minnesota's page with Amit Singhal biography". Archived from the original on 2010-09-22. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  14. ^ a b c d e "University of Minnesota's newsletter. Alumni spotlight - Amit Singhal" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2010-09-22. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  15. ^ New York Times article by Saul Hansell
  16. ^ Wired Magazine: Exclusive: How Google’s Algorithm Rules the Web
  17. ^ Etherington, Darrell. "Uber hires former YouTube exec Kevin Thompson as VP of Marketplace Engineering". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2017-01-20.
  18. ^ Griswold, Alison (27 February 2017). "Uber fired a top engineer for covering up allegations of sexual harassment". Quartz. Retrieved 3 March 2017.
  19. ^ http://fellows.acm.org/fellow_citation.cfm?id=3910767&srt=year&year=2011
  20. ^ India Abroad: Top 50 Most Influential Indian Americans - Amit Singhal
  21. ^ The smartest people in tech - Amit Singhal Archived 12 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ Home Secretary celebrates Asian Achievement

External links

AI Challenge

The AI Challenge was an international artificial intelligence programming contest started by the University of Waterloo Computer Science Club.

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GData

GData (Google Data Protocol) provides a simple protocol for reading and writing data on the Internet, designed by Google. GData combines common XML-based syndication formats (Atom and RSS) with a feed-publishing system based on the Atom Publishing Protocol, plus some extensions for handling queries. It relies on XML or JSON as a data format.

Google provides GData client libraries for Java, JavaScript, .NET, PHP, Python, and Objective-C.

G Suite Marketplace

G Suite Marketplace (formerly Google Apps Marketplace) is a product of Google Inc. It is an online store for web applications that work with Google Apps (Gmail, Google Docs, Google Sites, Google Calendar, Google Contacts, etc.) and with third party software. Some Apps are free. Apps are based on Google APIs or on Google Apps Script.

Gayglers

Gayglers is a term for the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender employees of Google. The term was first used for all LGBT employees at the company in 2006, and was conceived as a play on the word "Googler" (a colloquial term to describe all employees of Google).The term, first published openly by The New York Times in 2006 to describe some of the employees at the company's new Manhattan office, came into public awareness when Google began to participate as a corporate sponsor and float participant at several pride parades in San Francisco, New York, Dublin and Madrid during 2006. Google has since increased its public backing of LGBT-positive events and initiatives, including an announcement of opposition to Proposition 8.

Google Behind the Screen

"Google: Behind the Screen" (Dutch: "Google: achter het scherm") is a 51-minute episode of the documentary television series Backlight about Google. The episode was first broadcast on 7 May 2006 by VPRO on Nederland 3. It was directed by IJsbrand van Veelen, produced by Nicoline Tania, and edited by Doke Romeijn and Frank Wiering.

Google Dataset Search

Google Dataset Search is a search engine from Google that helps researchers locate online data that is freely available for use. The company launched the service on September 5, 2018, and stated that the product was targeted at scientists and data journalists.

Google Dataset Search complements Google Scholar, the company's search engine for academic studies and reports.

Google Finance

Google Finance is a website focusing on business news and financial information hosted by Google.

Google Fit

Google Fit is a health-tracking platform developed by Google for the Android operating system and Wear OS. It is a single set of APIs that blends data from multiple apps and devices. Google Fit uses sensors in a user's activity tracker or mobile device to record physical fitness activities (such as walking or cycling), which are measured against the user's fitness goals to provide a comprehensive view of their fitness.

Google Forms

Google Forms is a survey administration app that is included in the Google Drive office suite along with Google Docs, Google Sheets, and Google Slides.

Forms features all of the collaboration and sharing features found in Docs, Sheets, and Slides.

Google Guice

Google Guice (pronounced "juice") is an open-source software framework for the Java platform released by Google under the Apache License. It provides support for dependency injection using annotations to configure Java objects. Dependency injection is a design pattern whose core principle is to separate behavior from dependency resolution.

Guice allows implementation classes to be bound programmatically to an interface, then injected into constructors, methods or fields using an @Inject annotation. When more than one implementation of the same interface is needed, the user can create custom annotations that identify an implementation, then use that annotation when injecting it.

Being the first generic framework for dependency injection using Java annotations in 2008, Guice won the 18th Jolt Award for best Library, Framework, or Component.

Google Hummingbird

Hummingbird is the codename given to a significant algorithm change in Google Search in 2013. Its name was derived from the speed and accuracy of the hummingbird. The change was announced on September 26, 2013, having already been in use for a month. "Hummingbird" places greater emphasis on natural language queries, considering context and meaning over individual keywords. It also looks deeper at content on individual pages of a website, with improved ability to lead users directly to the most appropriate page rather than just a website's homepage.

The upgrade marked the most significant change to Google search in years, with more "human" search interactions and a much heavier focus on conversation and meaning. Thus, web developers and writers were encouraged to optimize their sites with natural writing rather than forced keywords, and make effective use of technical web development for on-site navigation.

Google The Thinking Factory

Google: The Thinking Factory is documentary film about Google Inc. from 2008 written and directed by Gilles Cayatte.

Google and the World Brain

Google and the World Brain is a 2013 documentary movie about the Google Books Library Project directed by Ben Lewis, produced by BBC, Polar Star Films and Arte. The main focus in the plot is on copyright controversy caused by the project that resulted in Google Book Search Settlement Agreement.

The movie has received several awards at festivals.It features interviews with many figures concerned, which include German chancellor Angela Merkel and Creative Commons founder Lawrence Lessig.

Project Sunroof

Project Sunroof is a solar power initiative started by Google engineer Carl Elkin. The initiative's stated purpose is "mapping the planet's solar potential, one roof at a time."

Rajen Sheth

Rajen Sheth is an executive at Google, where he currently runs product management at cloud AI and machine learning team. The idea of an enterprise version Google's email service Gmail was pitched by Rajen in a meeting with CEO Eric Schmidt in 2004. Schmidt initially rejected the proposal, arguing that the division should focus on web search, but the suggestion was later accepted. Sheth is known as "father of Google Apps", and is responsible for development of Chrome and Chrome OS for Business.

Singhal

Singhal (Hindi: सिंघल) is an Indian surname that has origins in the Sanskrit word simvha, meaning leonine. Variant spellings include Singal.

Notable people with this surname include:

Amit Singhal, former senior vice president of engineering at Uber and former head of Google Inc.'s Core Ranking Team

Arvind Singhal, Indian writer

Ashok Singhal, ex–International President of the Hindu organisation Vishwa Hindu Parishad

Bhim Singhal, Indian neurologist

Chand Singhal, Indian politician

Ira Singhal, Indian bureaucrat

Krishan Chandra Singhal, Indian pharmacologist

Lokesh Kumar Singhal, Indian metallurgical engineer

Manimala Singhal, Indian cricketer

Ram Kishan Singhal, Indian politician

Salil Singhal, Indian businessman

Supra Singhal, Ugandan swimmer

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