American Management Association

The American Management Association (AMA) is an American non-profit educational membership organization for the promotion of management, based in New York City.[2][3][4] The association has its headquarter in New York City, and has local head-offices throughout the world.

It offers its members a wide range of training programs, seminars, conferences, studies and publications, that cover topics as diverse as industrial or commercial management, communication, finance and accounting, human resources management, leadership, international management, marketing and sales.

As corporate training and consulting group it provides a variety of educational and management development services to businesses, government agencies and individuals.

American Management Association
Logo of American Management Association
American Management Association (ASA) logo
PredecessorThe National Association of Corporation Schools et al.
Typenot-for-profit membership organization
HeadquartersNew York City, U.S.
Region served
25,000 members and 3,000 organizations in 90 countries
Official language
Manny Avramidis.[1]



The origins of the American Management Association dates back to the beginning of the 20th century, when the training of industrial workers became a concern for large American companies. In 1913, 35 of the most important professional schools, led by the New York Edison Company, joined forces to create The National Association of Corporation Schools (NACS).

Arthur Williams (1868-1937)
Arthur Williams, first president of NACS, 1913.

It came to life at a convention held at the New York University on January 24, 1913, at which a constitution was adopted, officers were elected and provision were made for the appointment of working committees.

As first president was elected Arthur Williams, an electrical engineer and executive at the New York Edison Company,[5] as first vice-president E. St. Elmo Lewis, as second vice-president Charles Proteus Steinmetz, as secretary Lee Galloway, and as treasurer E. J. Mehren. Frederick C. Henderschott was elected assistant secretary-treasurer.[6]

The first national convention of the association was held in September that year in Dayton, Ohio, under the auspices of the National Cash Register Company. In the first year already 30+ major corporations had joined, with in total over 500.000 employees.[7]

Under the influence of Taylor's methods, the aim of the association was to promote vocational training as a factor in the competitiveness of industrial activity. After the First World War, The National Association of Corporation Schools moved closer to another recently created association, the Employment Managers' Association.

The Employment Managers' Association was in 1920 reorganized into the Industrial Relations Association of America,[8] which in 1922 merged with The National Association of Corporation Schools to form the National Personnel Association.[9]

Early years

In 1923 the association changed its name into the current American Management Association. Some of the founders of the American Management Association were Meyer Bloomfield,[10] Henry S. Dennison,[11]William J. Graham[12] and the first president Sam A. Lewisohn (1884-1951).[13]

Sam A. Lewisohn
Sam A. Lewisohn, first AMA president in 1923-26.

At the end of the war, there were movements in industry to spread socialist ideals and to revive trade unionism. The American Management Association made it their mission to help managers manage social relations in order to cope with them. However, with the Great Depression of 1929, the American Management Association adopted more progressive positions to limit direct policy interventions in the management of enterprises.

With World War II the American Management Association began to advocate greater equality of treatment at work. In 1942, it published a study that called for better integration of black workers into the world of work. In 1943 it published a similar study on women's work. During these war years the American Management Association brought together a large number of business leaders, and was very close to the political power. The American Management Association Vice-President Lawrence A. Appley was one of the directors of the War Manpower Commission.

After the war the influence of American Management Association remained high, and they successively published recommendations on the quality of financial reporting in 1946, and on cooperation with the trade unions in 1948. By the time Lawrence A. Appley started his presidency, in 1948, the American Management Association offered a forum for debates, a network of influence, and a platform for the leaders in the training of business leaders.

Further developments

Throughout the 1950s, the American Management Association continued to link the world of big business with government. It was in 1961 that it began its international expansion with the opening of a European center in Brussels. It then opened one in Mexico City in 1966, Canada in 1974, Japan in 1993, Shanghai in 1995 and Latin America in 1996. During this period, several centers were also established in the United States in Atlanta, Chicago, San Francisco and Washington, DC.

In 1963, the American Management Association established the Operation Enterprise, a program designed for high school and college students.[14] From the 1960s on, it also increased its editorial activity and created a publishing house, Amacom, in 1963. In 1972, it founded a newspaper, Organizational Dynamics, and launched a second in 2000, MWorld.

To date, the American Management Association has 25,000 members and 3,000 organizations in 90 countries. The current President and CEO of the American Management Association is Manny Avramidis.[1] [15]

Past presidents

Presidents of the American Management Association, and some notable other functions, have been:

In 2017 Manny Avramidis was named 18th President and Chief Executive of the American Management Association.[39]

See also


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ The College Blue Book Volume 8. 1969. p. 383
  3. ^ Association for Educational and Training Technology, International Yearbook of Educational and Instructional Technology, 1982. p. 291
  4. ^ Ken Cooper. Effective Competency Modeling & Reporting. 2000. p. 315
  5. ^ David F Noble. AMERICA BY DESIGN, 2013. p. 179
  6. ^ The National Association of Corporation Schools. Bulletin, v.1, no.1-6 (inc.) (1914).
  7. ^ F.C. Henderschott, "The National Association of Corporation Schools." Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 32.2 (1913): 1413-1416.
  8. ^ Bruce E. Kaufman. The Origins & Evolution of the Field of Industrial Relations in the United States. 1993. p. 11.
  9. ^ a b Tina Grant, International Directory of Company Histories, Volume 76. 2006. p. 24
  10. ^ Mark L. Savickas, "Meyer Bloomfield: Organizer of the Vocational Guidance Movement (1907–1917)" Career Development Quarterly. 57: (2009) 259-273.
  11. ^ Patrick D. Reagan. Designing a New America: The Origins of New Deal Planning, 1890-1943. 1999, p. 4
  12. ^ Casualty Actuarial Society, "Obituary: William Joseph Graham: 1877-1963," in: Proceedings of the Casualty Actuarial Society, Volume 50. 1964. p. 158
  13. ^ a b Sam A. Lewisohn, 1884-1951, Stamford, Conn. : The Overbrook Press. 1951. p. 11
  14. ^ Operation Enterprise: Preparing Young Adults For Successful Careers at, 2017.
  15. ^ "American Management Association." International Directory of Company Histories. Ed. Tina Grant. Vol. 76. Detroit: St. James Press, 2006. Business Insights: Essentials. Web. 31 Jan. 2014.[1]
  16. ^ William Lazonick. American Corporate Economy: Critical Perspectives on Business and Management, Volume 2. Taylor & Francis, 2002. p. 316
  17. ^ Factory: The Magazine of Management, Volume 38. 1927. p. 40:
  18. ^ American Management Association, Special Papers, Nr. 17, 1928. p. 21.
  19. ^ American Management Association. Institute of Management Series, Nr. 2-19, 1928. p. 12
  20. ^ Printers' Ink, Volume 147. 1929. p. 35
  21. ^ Journal of American Insurance. 1930. p. 13.
  22. ^ American Management Association, Management Review, Volume 20.1931. p. 226
  23. ^ American Management Association, Management Review, Volume 22. 1933. p. 34; p. 130
  24. ^ Insurance Newsweek, Volume 64, Nr 1-17. Vantage Enterprise, 1963. 0p. 13
  25. ^ Arthur G. Bedeian, A Standardization of Selected Management Concepts, 1986. p. 262
  26. ^ Peter A. Swenson. Capitalists Against Markets: The Making of Labor Markets and Welfare ... 2002. p. 218
  27. ^ Plant Operating Management, Volume 19. 1936. p. 69, mentioned: "Alvin E. Dodd, the new president of the American Management Association,..."
  28. ^ "Alvin Dodd Dead: Industry Expert," in New York Times, June 3, 1951
  29. ^ Flesher, Dale L. and Tonya K. Flesher. "McKinsey, James O. (1889-1937)." In History of Accounting: An International Encyclopedia, edited by Michael Chatfield and Richard Vangermeersch. New York: Garland Publishing, 1996. pp. 410–411.
  30. ^ Michigan Business Review, Volumes 17-19. 1965. p. 35
  31. ^ Robert Sobel (ed.). Biographical Directory of the United States Executive Branch, 1774-1989. 1990. p. 357
  32. ^ Association Management, Volume 23. 1971. p. 11
  33. ^ "J. L. Hayes, 74; Led Business Association," New York Times, May 17, 1989.
  34. ^ The American Economy in Transition, 1983. p. 12:
  35. ^ "Paid Notice: Deaths HORTON, THOMAS R." New York Times, August 12. 2003.
  36. ^ Management Review: Managing For Quality, 1994. p 8
  37. ^ Barry Williams, The HistoryMakers, 2017. Accessed 2017-10-06.
  38. ^ Allyson Stewart-Allen, Lanie Denslow. Working with Americans: How to Build Profitable Business Relationships. 2002. Back cover.
  39. ^ a b AMA. "American Management Association International Names New CEO; Reilly to Pass the Reins After 16 Years of Leadership," at, 6/16/2017.

Further reading

  • F.C. Henderschott, "The National Association of Corporation Schools." Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 32.2 (1913): 1413-1416.
  • Jacoby, Sanford M. Employing bureaucracy: Managers, unions, and the transformation of work in American industry, 1900-1945. Columbia University Press, 1985.
  • Lange, William H. The American Management Association and Its Predecessors: Significant Evidence of Trends in Personnel Management and Industrial Relations. Special paper no. 17. New York: American Management Association, 1928.

External links

Alvin E. Dodd

Alvin Earl Dodd (March 11, 1883 - June 2, 1951) was an American consulting engineer and president of the American Management Association, known as industry expert and recipient of the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal in 1944

Barbara Franklin

Barbara Hackman Franklin (born March 19, 1940) is an American government official, corporate director, and business executive. She served as the 29th U.S. Secretary of Commerce from 1992-1993 to President George H.W. Bush, during which she led a Presidential mission to China.

Prior to her Cabinet position, Franklin served in the presidential administrations of Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan. She was one of the original Commissioners and first Vice Chair of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission. In 2006, she received the Woodrow Wilson Award for Public Service.

Franklin has served on the board of directors of 18 companies, including Dow Chemical, Aetna Inc., Westinghouse, and Nordstrom. Directorship Magazine and the American Management Association named her one of the most influential people in corporate governance, and in 2014 she was inducted into the Directorship 100 Hall of Fame. She is currently the President and CEO of Barbara Franklin Enterprises, a private international consulting firm.

Franklin was one of the first women graduates of the Harvard Business School. She is married to Wallace Barnes, retired chairman and CEO of Barnes Group, Inc.

Critical path method

The critical path method (CPM), or critical path analysis (CPA), is an algorithm for scheduling a set of project activities. It is commonly used in conjunction with the program evaluation and review technique (PERT). A critical path is determined by identifying the longest stretch of dependent activities and measuring the time required to complete them from start to finish.


Discipline is action or inaction that is regulated to be in accordance (or to achieve accord) with a particular system of governance. Discipline is commonly applied to regulating human and animal behavior, and furthermore, it is applied to each activity-branch in all branches of organized activity, knowledge, and other fields of study and observation. Discipline can be a set of expectations that are required by any governing entity including the self, groups, classes, fields, industries, or societies.

Frank Henry Neely

Frank Henry Neely (January 19, 1884 - May 24, 1979) was an American mechanical engineer, consulting engineer, and President of Rich's Department Store in Atlanta. He is known for his civic activities in Atlanta, and as recipient of the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal in 1952.

Frank L. Sweetser

Frank Loel Sweetser (June 2, 1873 – December 17, 1953) was an American pioneer management consultant, business executive, and organizational theorist. He was general manager of the Dutchess Manufacturing Company, and served as president of the American Management Association, and of the National Association of Cost Accountants, now Institute of Management Accountants.

Frederick C. Henderschott

Frederick Chauncey (Fred) Henderschott (12 February 1870 – 30 March 1934) was an American journalist, educator, and executive at the New York Edison Company, and later American Management Association. Henderschott and Lee Galloway of the New York University are considered the prime movers of The National Association of Corporation Schools, predecessor of the American Management Association.

Harold Fowler McCormick

Harold Fowler McCormick (May 2, 1872 – October 16, 1941) was an American businessman. He was chairman of the board of International Harvester Company and a member of the McCormick family. in 1948 he was awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal by the American Management Association and the ASME.

Henry Laurence Gantt Medal

The Henry Laurence Gantt Medal was established in 1929 by the American Management Association and the Management section of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for "distinguished achievement in management and service to the community" in honour of Henry Laurence Gantt. By the year 1984 in total 45 medals had been awarded.

Identifying and Managing Project Risk

Identifying and Managing Project Risk by Tom Kendrick is a book about identifying and managing risks on projects. It was published on April 25, 2003 by American Management Association.

John Milton Hancock

John Milton Hancock (February 2, 1883 - September 25, 1956) was an American engineer, navy man, interim-manager and Wall Street banker. He is known for distinguished achievement in industrial management in the privat and public sector, for which he has been awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal in 1944.

Lawrence A. Appley

Lawrence Asa (Larry) Appley (April 22, 1904 - April 4, 1997) was an American management specialist and organizational theorist, known for his early work on management and organization, especially quality management. In 1962 he was awarded the Henry Laurence Gantt Medal.

Michel Gratton (politician)

Michel Gratton (born February 1, 1939) is an engineer and former member of the National Assembly of Quebec.

The son of Aurèle Gratton and Germaine Trépanier, he was born in Hull, Quebec (now Gatineau, Quebec). Gratton received his primary schooling at Laverdure and Larocque schools in Hull and attended secondary school at the University of Ottawa. He continued his education at the University of Ottawa and McGill University, receiving a bachelor's degree in civil engineering. Gratton pursued post-graduate studies in natural gas technology at the Illinois Institute of Technology and in public relations and general management at the American Management Association in New York City.From 1960 to 1962, Gratton worked for Consumer Gas in Toronto as assistant to the vice-president. From 1962 to 1964, he was director of distribution for Ottawa Gas and the Société gazifère de Hull. From 1964 to 1967, he was assistant to the president of J.G. Bisson Construction in Hull. From 1967 to 1970, he was director general and then secretary-treasurer for Distribuco. Gratton was also president of the Hull Chamber of Commerce in 1971 and 1972.In 1970, he was founding president for the Liberal Association in the Gatineau riding; he was regional president for the Quebec Liberal Party in 1971 and 1972. In 1970, Gratton ran unsuccessfully for the position of mayor of Hull. He was elected to the Quebec assembly for the Gatineau electoral district in a 1972 by-election and was reelected in 1973, 1976, 1981 and 1985. From October 1982 to March 1984, he was deputy leader of the official opposition in the assembly; he was leader of the official opposition from March 1984 to June 1985. From December 1985 to August 1989, he was Government House Leader for the assembly. Gratton served in the Quebec cabinet as Minister of Revenue from December 1985 to June 1987 and as Minister of Tourism from June 1987 to October 1989; he was Minister responsible for Electoral Reform from December 1985 to October 1989. He did not run for reelection in 1989.After leaving politics, he served as director general and then president for the Asbestos Institute.

Operation Enterprise

Operation Enterprise (or OE) is a high school and college student program sponsored by the American Management Association.

Paul Judge

Sir Paul Rupert Judge (25 April 1949 – 21 May 2017) was an English business and political figure. He served as Chairman of the Royal Society of Arts, President of the Chartered Management Institute, and Deputy Chairman of the American Management Association. He also served as the Director General of the Conservative Party and a Ministerial Advisor to the Cabinet Office. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.


Contemporary business and science treat as a project (or program) any undertaking, carried out individually or collaboratively and possibly involving research or design, that is carefully planned (usually by a project team) to achieve a particular aim.An alternative view sees a project managerially as a sequence of events: a "set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period and within certain cost and other limitations".A project may be a temporary (rather than permanent) social system (work system), possibly constituted by teams (within or across organizations) to accomplish particular tasks under time constraints.A project may be a part of wider programme management or an ad hoc structure.

Note that open-source software "projects" (for example) may lack defined team-membership, precise planning and time-limited durations.

Sense and respond

Sense and respond has been used in control theory for several decades, primarily in closed systems such as refineries where comparisons are made between measurements and desired values, and system settings are adjusted to narrow the gap between the two. Since the early 1980s, sense and respond has also been used to describe the behavior of certain open systems.

Sense and respond is based on lean principles and follows URSLIMM:

U - understand customer value

R - remove waste

S - standardize

L - learn by doing

I - involve everyone

M - measure what matters

M - manage performance visuallyThe term "sense and respond" as a business concept was used in a 1992 American Management Association Management Review article by Stephan H. Haeckel. It was Developed by Haeckel at IBM’s Advanced Business Institute.

Taylor Key

The Taylor Key Award is one of the highest awards of the Society for Advancement of Management. This management awards is awarded annually to one or more persons for "the outstanding contribution to the advancement of the art and science of management as conceived by Frederick W. Taylor."The Taylor Key has been awarded in cooperation with the American Management Association.

William W. Kincaid

William Wallace Kincaid (April 26, 1868 – May 19, 1946) was an American entrepreneur, businessman, executive, and inventor. He was founder of the Spirella Co., manufacturer of Spirella corsets, and served as president of the National Personnel Association and as president of the American Management Association.

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