American League Park, known by historians as American League Park I, was a baseball park that formerly stood in Washington, D.C., at the corner of Florida Avenue and Trinidad Avenue NE on land previously belonging to the Washington Brick Company. It hosted the Washington Senators from the 1901 season through the 1903 season.
On March 20, 1901, the District Commissioners granted permission to the American League to establish a baseball park at the location following an application including plans and specifications for the grand stand and the other supporting structures. Snowden Ashford was the Building Inspector who handled the case. The land had been previously occupied by the Washington Brick Company in an area sparsely built at the time; the closest buildings were located more than 50 feet from the outlines of the grounds. Therefore it was considered that it would not cause more menace to the area then if a lumber yard was established there. No specific regulations for the establishment of baseball grounds were in place in the District of Columbia at the time. No opposition from nearby landowners was received, therefore permission was granted.
The grandstands were made out of wood as most ballparks of the time. The left-field line ran North-South with the left-field measuring 290 feet.
Boundary Field, in Northwest DC, had been the preferred site for the American League Senators, but its usage had been blocked by the National League, which still had rights to the site despite no longer having a franchise in Washington. Once peace was reached between the leagues, the Senators moved to that site for the 1904 season, which became known as American League Park II or National Park. The stands from American League Park I were transported to the new location along with the team. By 1907, there was no longer a baseball field on the site.
| Home of the
1901 – 1903
|American League Park|
American League Park I
|Location||Corner of Florida Avenue NE and Trinidad Avenue NE, Washington DC|
|1901–1903:American League's Washington Senators|
The 1901 Washington Senators won 61 games, lost 72, and finished in sixth place in the American League in its first year as a major league team. They were managed by Jim Manning and played home games at American League Park II.1902 Washington Senators season
The 1902 Washington Senators won 61 games, lost 75, and finished in sixth place in the American League. They were managed by Tom Loftus and played home games at American League Park II.1903 New York Highlanders season
The New York Highlanders' 1903 season finished with the team in 4th place in the American League with a record of 72–62. The team was managed by Clark Griffith and played its home games at Hilltop Park (formally "American League Park"). The season began with the Baltimore Orioles relocating to New York in what would be a first of many seasons in the city. The club was at first officially the "Greater New York" baseball club, in deference to the established New York Giants, which were based in the Polo Grounds. This was the first winning season for the franchise that would be later known as the now-storied New York Yankees.1904 Columbia Lions football team
The 1904 Columbia Lions football team was an American football team that represented Columbia University as an independent during the 1904 college football season. In its third season under head coach Bill Morley, the team compiled a 7–3 record and outscored opponents by a total of 120 to 68. Robert S. Stangland was the team captain.The team's roster included W. E. Metzenthin at quarterback and Tom Thorp at tackle. Metzenthin was selected as a first-team All-American by the New York Herald, and Thorp was selected as a second-team All-American by Walter Camp, Caspar Whitney, and the New York Sun.The team played its home games at the American League Park, a baseball park in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City that was also the home field of the New York Yankees.1905 Columbia Lions football team
The 1905 Columbia Lions football team was an American football team that represented Columbia University as an independent during the 1905 college football season. In its fourth season under head coach Bill Morley, the team compiled a 4–3–2 record and was outscored by a total of 109 to 77. The team's three losses were to undefeated national champion Yale, undefeated Penn, and Princeton. John R. Fisher was the team captain.The team played its home games at the American League Park, a baseball park in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City that was also the home field of the New York Yankees.1908 George Washington Hatchetites football team
The 1908 George Washington Hatchetites football team represented George Washington University in the 1908 college football season. Led by second year coach Fred K. Nielsen, the team went 8–1–1 and were one of two teams given the mythical title of Southern champion. The Colonials outscored opponents 297 to 28. Curley Byrd was a member of the team.Boundary Field
Boundary Field, also known as American League Park II and National Park, is a former baseball ground in Washington, D.C. located on the site currently occupied by Howard University Hospital; bounded approximately by Georgia Avenue, 5th Street, W Street and Florida Avenue, NW. It was just outside what was then the city limit of Washington, whose northern boundary was Boundary Street which was renamed Florida Avenue in 1890.Dave St. Peter
David St. Peter (born January 3, 1967 in Bismarck, North Dakota) has served as president of the Minnesota Twins of Major League Baseball since 2002.
St. Peter was born in Bismarck, North Dakota, and attended St. Mary's Central High School in Bismarck and the University of North Dakota. He joined the Twins organization in 1990.Griffith Stadium
Griffith Stadium was a mixed-use stadium that stood in Washington, D.C., from 1911 to 1965, between Georgia Avenue and 5th Street (left field), and between W Street and Florida Avenue NW.
An earlier wooden baseball park had been built on the same site in 1891. It was called Boundary Field, or National Park as its occupants were then known primarily by the nickname Nationals. This park was destroyed by a fire in March 1911 and replaced by a steel and concrete structure, also at first called National Park and then American League Park; it was renamed for Washington Senators owner Clark Griffith in 1923. The stadium was home to the American League Senators from 1911 through 1960, and to an expansion team of the same name for their first season in 1961.
The venue hosted the All-Star Game in 1937 and 1956, as well as World Series games in 1924, 1925, and 1933. It served as home for the Negro league Homestead Grays during the 1940s. It was also home to the Washington Redskins of the National Football League for 24 seasons, from the time they transferred from Boston in 1937 through the 1960 season.
The ballpark was demolished in 1965 and the Howard University Hospital now occupies the site.Hilltop Park
Hilltop Park was the nickname of a baseball park that stood in the Washington Heights neighborhood of New York City. It was the home of the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball from 1903 to 1912, when they were known as the "Highlanders". It was also the temporary home of the New York Giants during a two-month period in 1911 while the Polo Grounds was being rebuilt after a fire.
The ballpark's formal name, as painted on its exterior walls, was American League Park. Because the park was located on top of a ridge of Manhattan Island, it came to be known as Hilltop Park, and its team was most often called the New York Highlanders (as well as the Americans and the Yankees). This "Highland" connection contrasted with their intra-city rivals, the Giants, whose Polo Grounds was just a few blocks away, in the bottomland under Coogan's Bluff.
Hilltop Park sat on the block bounded by Broadway, 165th Street, Fort Washington Avenue, and 168th Street. The structure consisted of a covered grandstand stretching from first base to third base and uncovered bleacher sections down the right and left field lines. Originally built in just six weeks, the park sat 16,000, with standing room for an additional 10,000 or so. The bleachers were covered in 1911, and also bleachers to seat an additional 5,000 fans were built in 1911 (partially to accommodate Giants fans, who were temporary tenants after the Polo Grounds fire) in center field.
The field was initially huge by modern standards — 365 ft (111 m) to left field, 542 ft (165 m) to center field and 400 ft (120 m) to right field. An inner fence was soon constructed to create more realistic action. Both the park and the nickname "Highlanders" were abandoned when the American Leaguers left, at the beginning of the 1913 season, to rent the Polo Grounds from the Giants. The Polo Grounds had a far larger seating capacity, and by that time was made of concrete due to the 1911 fire. Hilltop Park was demolished in 1914.History of the Washington Senators (1901–1960)
The Washington Senators baseball team was one of the American League's eight charter franchises. Now known as the Minnesota Twins, the club was founded in Washington, D.C. in 1901 as the Washington Senators. In 1905, the team changed its official name to the Washington Nationals. The name "Nationals" appeared on the uniforms for only two seasons, and was then replaced with the "W" logo for the next 52 years. However, the names "Senators", "Nationals" and shorter "Nats" were used interchangeably by fans and media for the next sixty years; in 2005, the latter two names were revived for the current National League franchise that had previously played in Montreal. For a time, from 1911 to 1933, the Senators were one of the more successful franchises in Major League Baseball. The team's rosters included Baseball Hall of Fame members Goose Goslin, Sam Rice, Joe Cronin, Bucky Harris, Heinie Manush and one of the greatest players and pitchers of all time, Walter Johnson. But the Senators are remembered more for their many years of mediocrity and futility, including six last-place finishes in the 1940s and 1950s. Joe Judge, Cecil Travis, Buddy Myer, Roy Sievers and Eddie Yost were other notable Senators players whose careers were spent in obscurity due to the team's lack of success.List of Minnesota Twins broadcasters
The Minnesota Twins baseball team have had many broadcasters in their history in Minnesota. Here is a list of the people who have been a part of bringing the Twins to the people of Minnesota.List of New York Yankees Opening Day starting pitchers
The New York Yankees are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in The Bronx, New York City, New York. They play in the American League East division. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. The Yankees have used 57 different Opening Day starting pitchers in their 110 seasons. Since the franchise's beginning in 1901, the 58 starters have a combined Opening Day record of 57 wins, 36 losses, 1 tie (57–36–1), and 17 no decisions. No decisions are only awarded to the starting pitcher if the game is won or lost after the starting pitcher has left the game. Although in modern baseball, ties are rare due to extra innings, in 1910, New York's Opening Game against the Boston Red Sox was declared a tie due to darkness – at the time, Hilltop Park had lacked adequate lighting.Whitey Ford, Ron Guidry, and Mel Stottlemyre hold the Yankees record for most Opening Day starts with seven. The other pitchers with three or more Opening Day starts for New York are CC Sabathia (6), Lefty Gomez (6), Red Ruffing (5), Jack Chesbro (4), Roger Clemens (4), Bob Shawkey (4), Ray Caldwell (3), Jimmy Key (3), Vic Raschi (3), and most recently Masahiro Tanaka (4). Jimmy Key holds the Yankee record for best Opening Day record with a perfect 3–0.On Opening Day, Yankee pitchers have a combined record of 35–12–1 when playing at home. Of those games, pitchers have a 1–0 record at Oriole Park, a 3–1–1 record at Hilltop Park, a 2–3 record from Polo Grounds, a 28–8 record at Yankee Stadium, and a 1–0 record at Shea Stadium. When on the road for Opening Day, Yankee pitchers have a combined record of 27–27.
During the 1901 and 1902 seasons, the franchise played in Baltimore as the "Baltimore Orioles". The franchise has Opening Day record of 1–1 as Baltimore. After their move to New York in 1903, the franchise was known as the New York Highlanders until 1912. As the Highlanders, they had a 6–3–1 Opening Day record. For seasons in which New York would later win the World Series, the starting pitchers have a 16–8 record.List of Washington Senators Opening Day starting pitchers
Two American League baseball franchises have borne the name "Washington Senators". The first franchise was one of the teams that was originally part of the American League when it became a Major League in 1901. That franchise moved to Minnesota after the 1960 season, becoming the Minnesota Twins. It was replaced by a new Washington Senators franchise in 1961. That franchise moved to Arlington, Texas after the 1971 season, becoming the Texas Rangers. The Washington Senators played in three home ball parks over their history. They started in American League Park and moved to American League Park II in 1903. In 1911, they moved to Griffith Park, where they remained until 1961. The first game of the new baseball season for a team is played on Opening Day, and being named the Opening Day starter is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day.The 1901-1960 franchise won 32 Opening Day games against 28 losses. The 1901-1960 franchise had a record in Opening Day games at home of 26 wins and 21 losses. On the road, they had an Opening Day record of six wins and seven losses.
The 1901-1960 franchise used 32 Opening Day starting pitchers in their 60 seasons in Washington. One pitcher made Opening Day starts for both franchises. Camilo Pascual made two Opening Day starts for the 1901-1960 franchise, in 1956 and 1960, and later made two Opening Day starts for the 1961-1971 franchise.Walter Johnson holds the record for most Opening Day starts for either franchise, with 14 Opening Day starts for the 1901-1960 franchise between 1910 and 1926, including ten consecutive Opening Day starts from 1912 through 1921. Dutch Leonard made four Opening Day starts for the 1901-1960 franchise between 1940 and 1945. Bob Porterfield made three Opning Day starts for the 1901-1960 franchise between 1952 and 1955. Other pitchers with multiple Opening Day starts for the 1901-1960 franchise are Al Orth, Long Tom Hughes, Charlie Smith, George Mogridge, Alvin Crowder, Earl Whitehill, Early Wynn, Pedro Ramos and Pascual, with two apiece.
The Senators won three American League championships in their history, all by the 1901-1960 franchise. Their championships were won in 1924, 1925 and 1933. They won the World Series in 1924, but lost in 1925 and 1933. The Senators' Opening Day starters in their American League championship years were Johnson in 1924, Mogridge in 1925 and Crowder in 1933.List of baseball parks in Washington, D.C.
This is a list of venues used for professional baseball in Washington, D.C.. The information is a compilation of the information contained in the references listed.
Olympic – independent (1870), NA (1871–1872)
National – NA (1872–1873)
Location: 16th Street NW (east); 17th Street NW (west); S Street NW (south) – about a mile west-southwest of the eventual site of Griffith Stadium
Currently: residential, commercialAthletic Park
Occupant: Washington Nationals a.k.a. Statesmen – AA (1884 part)
Location: S Street NW (south); T Street NW (north); 9th Street NW (east) – about a quarter mile southwest of the eventual site of Griffith Stadium
Currently: ResidentialCapitol Grounds a.k.a. Capitol Park (I) a.k.a. Union Association Park
Occupant: Washington Nationals (UA) – UA (1884) / Eastern League (1885)
Location: C Street NE (north); Delaware Avenue NE (west): B Street (now Constitution Avenue) NE (south); First Street NE (east) – a couple of blocks northeast of the Capitol building
Currently: Russell Senate Office BuildingSwampoodle Grounds a.k.a. Capitol Park (II)
Occupant Washington Nationals – NL (1886–1889)
Location: North Capitol Street NE and tracks (west); F Street NE (south); Delaware Avenue NE (east); G Street NE (north) – a couple of blocks north of the first Capitol Park – in the Swampoodle neighborhood
Currently: National Postal Museum and Union Station National Visitors CenterGriffith Stadium prev. Boundary Field, National Park, American League Park (II)
Washington Senators – AA (1891), NL (1892–1899)
Washington Senators/Nationals – AL (1904–1960)
Washington Senators – AL (1961)
Homestead Grays – Negro Leagues (1937–1948) part-time home
Location: Georgia Avenue (extension of 7th Avenue – formerly Brightwood) NW (west, first base); Florida Avenue NW, Bohrer Street NW, and U Street NW (south, right field); 5th Street NW (east, left/center field); Howard University buildings and W Street NW (north, third base)
Currently: Howard University HospitalAmerican League Park (I)
Occupant: Washington Senators/Nationals – AL (1901–1903)
Location: Florida Avenue NE (southwest, first base); Trinidad Avenue NE (northwest, third base)
Currently: Residential areaRFK Stadium orig. D.C. Stadium
Washington Senators – AL (1962–1971)
Washington Nationals – NL (2005–2007)
Location: 2400 East Capitol Street SE – T's into 22nd Street SE (west, home plate); Independence Avenue SE (south/southeast, right field); C Street NE (north/northeast, left field)
Currently: UnoccupiedNationals Park
Occupant: Washington Nationals – NL (2008–present)
Location: 1500 South Capitol Street SE – Capitol Street (west, third base); N Street SE (north, left-center field); 1st Street SE (east, right field); Potomac Avenue SE (south, first base)Oriole Park
Oriole Park is the name of several former major league and minor league baseball parks in Baltimore, Maryland.
It is also half the name of the current downtown home of the Baltimore Orioles, its full name being Oriole Park at Camden Yards.
All of the early incarnations of "Oriole Park" were built within a few blocks of each other.Washington Senators (NFL)
Washington Senators, also referred to as the Washington Pros or Washington Presidents, was a professional football club from Washington, D.C.. The team played in the American Professional Football Association (now the National Football League) during the 1921 season, and continued to operate as a football club until 1941. The Senators played and practiced at American League Park.
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