American Hockey Association (1926–1942)

The American Hockey Association (AHA) was a minor professional hockey league that operated between 1926 and 1942. It had previously operated as the Central Hockey League (1925–1926), and before that as part of the United States Amateur Hockey Association. The founding president was Alvin Warren, who also owned the St. Paul Saints.

Other founding owners included William Grant, league secretary and owner of the Duluth Hornets (and Warren's successor as president in 1930), Paul Loudon of the Minneapolis Millers, and William Holmes, owner of the league's only Canadian franchise, the Winnipeg Maroons, and also owner of the Winnipeg Auditorium.

Eddie Livingstone, banished by National Hockey League team owners in 1917, owned the Chicago Cardinals. Eager to sign a new interleague agreement with the NHL in 1927, the AHA revoked Livingstone's franchise after one season when NHL president Frank Calder threatened that no deal would be signed with the league as long as it was associated with Livingstone.

The AHA was the first professional hockey league to field teams in the Southern United States. The Oklahoma-based Tulsa Oilers and Missouri-based St. Louis Flyers took the ice in 1928, predating the NHL's short-lived St. Louis Eagles franchise by six years. The Kansas City Greyhounds were added to the league in 1933. The Oilers and Flyers were also joined in the early 1940s by two Texas-based teams, the Dallas Texans and Fort Worth Rangers.

By 1930, some AHA owners, led by Walter Whiteside of the Tulsa Oilers, were questioning the league's relationship with the NHL. They approved the creation of a new Chicago franchise, the Chicago Shamrocks, owned by James E. Norris, bringing the league into an NHL market. Renaming the league the American Hockey League, they also established a franchise in Buffalo, New York, an IHL city, which would have been prohibited under the previous agreement with the NHL.[1] In October 1930, Calder declared the AHL to be an outlaw league and threatened never to allow any AHL players into the NHL. The NHL carried out its threat and denied the applications of former AHL players to join NHL teams for the 1931–32 season. In the fall of 1931, the AHL applied to the Stanley Cup trustees to challenge for the trophy, but was unsuccessful in its attempts to force the NHL into a series.

The AHL struggled through two seasons in opposition to the NHL. The Buffalo Majors folded halfway through the 1931–32 season, leaving 12 players who unsuccessfully tried to sue team owners to recover $12,000 in unpaid salaries.[2] By the summer of 1932, the AHL was willing to sign another affiliation agreement with the NHL and officially return to minor league status.[3] The NHL insisted that the AHL leave Chicago, and the Shamrocks were shut down, despite having won the league championship. Norris was told that he would be welcomed into the NHL and acquired the Detroit franchise in 1933. The AHL went back to being known as the American Hockey Association.

The AHA, led by acting president Lyle Wright of the Omaha Knights, voted to shut the league down in the fall of 1942. It returned after World War II as the United States Hockey League, starting with the 1945–46 season.


Incomplete list:

  • Buffalo Majors (1930–31 to 1931–32)
  • Chicago Americans/Cardinals (1926–27)
  • Chicago Shamrocks (1930–31 to 1931–32)
  • Dallas Texans (1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • Detroit Greyhounds (1926–27)
  • Duluth Hornets (1926–27 to 1932–33)
  • Fort Worth Rangers (1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • Kansas City Americans (1940–41 to 1941–42)
  • Kansas City Greyhounds (1933–34 to 1939–40)
  • Kansas City Pla-Mors (1927–28 to 1931–32; joins USHL in 1945)
  • Minneapolis Millers (1926–27 to 1930–31; 1936–37 to 1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • Minneapolis Warriors (1935–36)
  • Oklahoma City Warriors (1933–34 to 1935–36)
  • Omaha Knights (1939–40 to 1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • St. Louis Flyers (1928–29 to 1941–42)
  • St. Paul Saints (1926–27 to 1929–30; 1932–33; 1935–36 to 1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • St. Paul Greyhounds (1932-33)
  • Tulsa Oilers (1928–29 to 1931–32; 1932–33 to 1941–42; joins USHL in 1945)
  • Tulsa Indians (1933-34)
  • Wichita Blue Jays (1932–33)
  • Wichita Skyhawks (1935–36 to 1939–40)
  • Wichita Vikings (1933–34)
  • Winnipeg Maroons (1926–27 to 1927–28)


The Harry F. Sinclair Trophy was awarded to the league champions.

  • 1926–27 — Duluth Hornets
  • 1927–28 — Minneapolis Millers
  • 1928–29 — Tulsa Oilers
  • 1929–30 — Kansas City Pla-Mors
  • 1930–31 — Tulsa Oilers
  • 1931–32 — Chicago Shamrocks
  • 1932–33 — Kansas City Greyhounds
  • 1933–34 — Kansas City Greyhounds
  • 1934–35 — St. Louis Flyers
  • 1935–36 — St. Louis Flyers
  • 1936–37 — Minneapolis Millers
  • 1937–38 — St. Louis Flyers
  • 1938–39 — St. Louis Flyers
  • 1939–40 — St. Paul Saints
  • 1940–41 — St. Louis Flyers
  • 1941–42 — Omaha Knights


  1. ^ "Regard American as an outlaw league," Toronto Star, October 10, 1930, p. 14.
  2. ^ "Hockey players fail to recover salaries," Toronto Star, July 13, 1932, p. 12.
  3. ^ "Hockey league feud brought to an end," Toronto Star, September 16, 1932, p. 13.

External links

American Hockey Association

American Hockey Association may refer to:

American Hockey Association (1926–1942), a minor pro league existing between 1926 and 1942

American Hockey Association (1992–1993), a minor pro league existing between 1992 and 1993

American Hockey League

The American Hockey League (AHL) is a professional ice hockey league based in the United States and Canada that serves as the primary developmental league for the National Hockey League (NHL). Since the 2010–11 season, every team in the league has an affiliation agreement with one NHL team. When NHL teams do not have an AHL affiliate, players are assigned to AHL teams affiliated with other NHL teams. Twenty-seven AHL teams are located in the United States and the remaining four are in Canada. The league offices are located in Springfield, Massachusetts, and its current president is David Andrews.

In general, a player must be at least 18 years of age to play in the AHL or not currently be beholden to a junior ice hockey team. The league limits the number of experienced professional players on a team's active roster during any given game; only five skaters can have accumulated four full seasons of play or more at the professional level (goaltenders are exempt from this rule and can stay in the AHL indefinitely without being subject to this cap). The AHL allows for practice squad contracts.The annual playoff champion is awarded the Calder Cup, named for Frank Calder, the first President (1917–1943) of the NHL. The reigning champions are the Toronto Marlies.

Gus Forslund

Gustaf Oliver Forslund (April 25, 1908 – August 4, 1962) was a Swedish-born Canadian professional ice hockey right wing player. In the 1932–33 season, he became the first Swedish-born player in the National Hockey League.

Gustaf Forslund was born in Holmsund in Västerbotten, Sweden to Lars Anton Forslund and his wife Ida Maria Fällman. When he was still a child, his family moved to Fort William and later Port Arthur, Ontario.

List of ice hockey leagues

This is a list of ice hockey leagues, both professional and amateur, from around the world; parentheses denote year of establishment and, where applicable, year of disestablishment.

List of ice hockey teams in Michigan

The following is a list of ice hockey teams in Michigan, past and present. It includes the league(s) they play for, and championships won.

St. Louis Flyers

The St. Louis Flyers were a minor league ice hockey team, based in St. Louis, Missouri, playing home games at the St. Louis Arena in the Cheltenham, St. Louis neighborhood, across from Forest Park.

The Flyers played fourteen seasons in the American Hockey Association from 1928 to 1942, and played nine seasons in the American Hockey League from 1944–45 and 1952–53. This was St. Louis' first and only AHL team.

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