America West Airlines

America West Airlines was a U.S. regional airline headquartered in Tempe, Arizona. Their main hub was at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, with a secondary hub at Las Vegas McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada. The airline acquired U.S. Airways in 2005 but took on the name of U.S. Airways.[5] America West served approximately 100 destinations in the US, Canada, and Mexico. Service to Europe was provided through codeshare partners. In March 2005, the airline operated a fleet of 132 aircraft, with a single maintenance base at Sky Harbor Airport in Phoenix. Regional jet and/or turboprop feeder flights were operated on a code sharing basis by Mesa Airlines and Chautauqua Airlines as America West Express.

Beginning in January 2006, all America West flights were branded as US Airways, along with most signage at airports and other printed material, though many flights were described as "operated by America West." Apart from two heritage aircraft, the only remaining America West branding on aircraft can be found on some seat covers and bulkheads. The merged airline used America West's "CACTUS" callsign and ICAO code "AWE", but retained the US Airways name. As part of a merger between American Airlines and US Airways in February 2013,[6] which led to American becoming the world's largest airline, the call sign and ICAO code name was later retired on April 8, 2015 when the FAA granted a single operating certificate for both US Airways and American Airlines.[7] The US Airways brand continued until October 17, 2015, when American Airlines retired the name.

America West Airlines
America West Airlines Logo
IATA ICAO Callsign
HP AWE CACTUS
FoundedFebruary 1981[1]
Commenced operationsAugust 1, 1983[1]
Ceased operations2005 (became US Airways)
Hubs
Secondary hubs
Frequent-flyer programFlightFund
Fleet size132
Destinations95
Company sloganWhat We Serve Is You
Across the U.S. and Pacific, what we serve is you"[2]
The More You Fly, The More We Make Sense [3]
Every flight counts[4]
It seems silly to pay more
Get on board
Parent companyAmerica West Holdings (now known as American Airlines Group)
HeadquartersTempe, Arizona, USA
Key people
Websiteamericawest.com at the Wayback Machine (archive index)

History

The early years

The airline was established in February 1981 and began operations August 1, 1983, using three leased Boeing 737 aircraft flying out of their base in Phoenix, Arizona (PHX), with Ed Beauvais, a well-known airline industry consultant, as their CEO.[8] In the early years, passengers could purchase their tickets on board the aircraft.

The airline quickly expanded, with 11 737s operating flights to 13 cities, and by late 1986 they developed a secondary hub in Las Vegas, Nevada. In 1984, America West's fleet grew to 21 aircraft operating flights to 23 cities. [1] (Timetableimages has timetable maps showing America West routes in 1983, 1984, and 1991.)

A potential sign of the carrier's ever optimistic vision and confidence in its future expansion, the increasingly dominant carrier at Phoenix Sky Harbor exerted its influence over the development of Terminal 4. America West requested that the construction include an auxiliary power facility and an underground cavity to accommodate a future rail station which the airport ultimately agreed to.[9]

America West was one of the first airlines to use extensive "cross-utilization", in which employees were trained in a variety of airline jobs, such as pilots being trained in dispatch, and both baggage handlers and flight attendants also being trained as gate agents. America West also started as a "full-service" airline, in contrast with Southwest Airlines, the discount air carrier competing in many of the same markets. America West also used an aggressive employee stock ownership program, in which new employees were required to invest 20% of their salary in company stock, providing a steady flow of cash as the company grew. America West pilots and other employees were paid wages far below those of their competitors (see Pilot salary history, MIT Study.)

Year Traffic
1984 2006
1985 3675
1990 17869
1995 21420
2000 30753
2005 39036
Former America West Airlines logo
Former America West logo

By 1985 America West had outgrown their gate space at Sky Harbor International Airport, and during the construction of Terminal 4, approved in 1986, a temporary concourse was added to the southwest corner of Terminal 3 to give them six more gates (growing to eleven by 1990).

The airline's rapid growth continued in 1986, and the airline greatly expanded their fleet, primarily with Boeing 757-200s purchased from Northwest Airlines (following Northwest's acquisition of Republic Airlines) as well as a number of de Havilland Canada DHC-8 Dash 8 turboprop aircraft for local service from Phoenix and Las Vegas including flights to Grand Canyon National Park Airport. The airline also started operating red-eye flights from Las Vegas in order to increase aircraft utilization.

America West Boeing 747-200 Maiwald-1
Boeing 747-200 at Sky Harbor Airport in 1991

America West's rapid growth resulted in large operating losses, and by 1986 the company was on the verge of bankruptcy. Originally slated to occupy the vast majority of the gates in Terminal 4, the airline had to reduce their commitment to the city of Phoenix to just 28 gates, with the growing Southwest Airlines agreeing to lease the remainder of Terminal 4.

In August 1987, a unit of Ansett Transport Industries, an Australian airline company and at the time 50% owned by News Corporation, purchased a 21.6 percent stake in America West.

In 1988, Patrick Thurston, Vice-President of Operations, Bob Russell, Chief of Pilots, and Carl Wobser, a captain, all pleaded guilty to multiple counts of narcotics trafficking.[10]

In 1989, Ansett used its influence and investment money in America West Airlines to have them fly three aircraft in charter service after the Australian pilots resigned their jobs due to a dispute (not a strike) with the Australian government, which regulated the airline industry in that country. (1989 Australian pilots' dispute). The following article is from a pilot involved: : The Down UnderWare Chronicles America West Pilot article.

As they explored destinations beyond the United States, America West filed with U.S. Department of Transportation for a Phoenix-to-Sydney route in order to provide connections with now-defunct Ansett Airlines in Australia. The proposal was rejected, however, and the Reagan Administration awarded the route to another airline. America West leased four Boeing 747-200 aircraft (formerly operated by KLM) and began operating nonstop wide body 747 service between Phoenix and Honolulu, Hawaii and also nonstop between Honolulu and Nagoya, Japan. The 747 was the only wide body aircraft ever operated by America West. The airline also expanded narrow body jet service to Mexican destinations.

In 1990, America West moved into the new Terminal 4 at Phoenix and also took delivery of several Airbus A320 aircraft originally destined for the now-defunct Braniff Airways. Braniff had purchased the original aircraft order rights from Pan Am, another troubled carrier, and the A320s were sold to America West at a steep discount. The U.S. Department of Transportation started classifying America West Airlines as a major airline.[8]

Despite these developments, the airline continued to lose money. Operating expenses at Terminal 4 were far higher than in the temporary Terminal 3 concourse. The Nagoya route experienced extremely low ticket sales, and flights there were flying with almost no passengers. In addition, tensions in the leadup to the Gulf War were causing fuel costs to rise. The combined impact forced America West to file for bankruptcy in June 1991.

In June 1995, W. Douglas Parker joined America West Airlines as senior vice president and chief financial officer. He would later be elected chairman, president and CEO in September 2001.[2] The airline would be fined $2,500,000 for maintenance violations in July 1998 (America West Airline Fined $2.5 Million for Violations.), and in August 2000, the FAA was reportedly prepared to ground the airline for these violations. (see FAA May Ground America West.)

Bankruptcy

America West Airlines Boeing 737-300 and America West Express Beech 1900 Kennaugh
America West Boeing 737-300 and America West Express Beechcraft 1900D at Sky Harbor International Airport (1995)

America West operated under bankruptcy from 1991 to 1994. As part of their restructuring, employee stock became worthless, the airline's 747s and Dash 8s were sold, and the fleet was heavily pared down to 87 aircraft. Hawaii and Nagoya routes were scrapped and America West feeder service to smaller cities and local markets was contracted to Mesa Airlines, which began conducting operations as America West Express utilizing regional jet and turboprop aircraft.

On the management side, Founder Ed Beauvais was removed as CEO, remaining on the board of directors, and was replaced with Mike Conway, who had been with the airline since the start. Conway left the airline in 1994, replaced as CEO by A. Maurice Myers.

America West's flight attendants unionized in 1993, ending cross-utilization between customer service agents, flight attendants, and ground agents. Several maintenance and training functions previously operated in-house by America West were outsourced during the bankruptcy.

Reorganization

America West A319.jpeg
America West Airlines Airbus A319 departing Portland International Airport

In 1994, America West was finally able to secure a reorganization allowing them to come out of bankruptcy, with a large portion of the airline owned by a partnership including Mesa Airlines and Continental Airlines, resulting in respective code sharing agreements with these airlines.

To help reinvigorate the airline as they emerged from bankruptcy, a number of consumer-visible changes occurred, including a new color scheme and logo (used until the merger with US Airways), new livery, E-tickets, and online ticket purchasing in 1996. The airline continued ordering Airbus A320 aircraft and began gradually retiring their older Boeing 737-200s.

In the 1990s, America West opened an east coast hub at Port Columbus International Airport in Columbus, Ohio, using Chautauqua Airlines and Mesa Airlines to provide commuter and regional flights via respective code sharing agreements in addition to mainline jet service. An America West Club was located at the hub in an area previously used for a TWA Ambassadors' Club.

In late 2001, America West was the first airline to apply for and receive a loan from the Air Transportation Stabilization Board.[11] As of April 2005, the remaining balance on the loan was $300 million. The ATSB loan and its guarantees were paid back by US Airways and the debt refinanced by other lenders during the merger.[12]

In 2003, America West Airlines closed its Port Columbus hub, reducing the number of scheduled daily flights from almost 50 to 4.

US Airways

US Airways A320-231 SAN N632AW
An Airbus A320 in the 2005-2015 America West / US Airways livery at San Diego International Airport
AmericaWestExpress
A traveler boards an America West Express CRJ-200 regional jet operated by Mesa Airlines

In the second quarter of 2005, America West entered into merger negotiations with then-bankrupt US Airways. It was structured as a purchase of US Airways by America West Holdings Corporation; however, the internal structure was a reverse merger, with legacy US Airways operations taken over by those of America West.

As the holding companies merged, brand conversion began. The America West Club was renamed the US Airways Club in October 2005. All new America West aircraft were delivered in the new US Airways livery, and older aircraft repainted (while retaining America West interiors). Gates and ticket counters were consolidated at airports where both airlines had operated, aided by the March 2007 transfer of all US Airways reservations to the Shares computer system used by America West (US Airways had previously used a very different Sabre system).

All express flights were branded as US Airways Express, and aircraft were no longer confined to operations out of their pre-merger hubs (America West aircraft could fly from Philadelphia to destinations other than Phoenix and Las Vegas, for example). The two airlines' operating certificates were merged in September 2007. After initially using the "CACTUS" callsign for the west fleet and "USAIR" for the east fleet, all aircraft began flying under a single "CACTUS" callsign and ICAO code "AWE" in September 2008. Former America West aircraft were distinguished apart from US Airways pre-merger aircraft by their use of registrations ending in "-AW", while pre-merger US Airways aircraft used registrations ending in "-US". US Airways would later merge with American Airlines in 2013, with the former America West callsign and ICAO code retired in 2015 (alongside with the US Airways brand). America West's Phoenix hub has remained intact with American Airlines.

Fleet

Americawestboeing757-200
An America West Boeing 757-200

All outstanding America West aircraft orders were transferred to the merged entity, US Airways.

America West Airlines Fleet
(Before Merging with US Airways)
Aircraft Total
Airbus A319-100
38
Airbus A320-200
55
Boeing 737-300
27
Boeing 757-200
12

Aircraft counts accurate as of December 2006, according to FAA records.

Previous aircraft

America West Airlines Past Fleet[13]
Aircraft
Boeing 737-100
Boeing 727-100
Boeing 737-200
Boeing 747-200
de Havilland Canada DHC-8-100 Dash 8 - only turboprop aircraft directly operated by the airline

America West Express aircraft

America West Express services primarily operated by Mesa Airlines via a code sharing agreement with America West utilized the following regional jet and turboprop aircraft:

Chautauqua Airlines operated Embraer ERJ-145 aircraft on America West Express services via a code sharing agreement as well.

FlightFund

The airline had a frequent flyer program called FlightFund.[14] In 2006, FlightFund was merged into the US Airways Dividend Miles program.

Partner airlines or programs for Dividend Miles (formerly FlightFund) include:

Codeshare agreements

America West had codeshare agreements with the following airlines in January 2007:

Former codeshare agreements

Headquarters

America West HQ Tempe - North
The headquarters of America West Airlines in Tempe, which also served as the headquarters for US Airways post-acquisition

America West had its headquarters in Tempe, Arizona from the airline's start in 1983, and it retained the same location when it merged with US Airways and retained the US Airways name.[18] The airline used the nine-story[19] 225,000 square feet (20,900 m2) building as its headquarters once the America West and US Airways merged,[20] but the building has since been vacated when US Airways' management team took over American Airlines in an acquisition. Jahna Berry of the Arizona Business Gazette said in 2005 that the building "is one of the dominant buildings in downtown Tempe."[18] The City of Tempe gave America West $11 million in incentives and tax breaks so it could occupy the headquarters, which cost $37 million to construct.[21] The construction of the building began in January 1998; the groundbreaking ceremony was held on February 19 of that year.[22] The previous America West headquarters were demolished.[23]

Other commercial interests

America West had promotional partnerships with the Phoenix Suns NBA team, the 2001 World Series champion Arizona Diamondbacks baseball team, and the Arizona Cardinals NFL team.

In 1992, America West paid $26 million for the 30-year naming rights of the Phoenix Suns' home court, which it named America West Arena. Since the merger with US Airways, the arena was called US Airways Center (not to be confused with the USAir Arena in Prince George's County, Maryland, razed in 2002), until it was renamed to Talking Stick Resort arena.

Accidents and incidents

America West had four in-flight incidents on its aircraft, but never had an accident resulting in a fatality. Two accidents resulted in hull loss write-offs.

Flight Date Aircraft Location Descriptions Injuries
America West Flight 450 December 30, 1989 737-200 Tucson, Arizona A fire in the wheel well burned through hydraulic cabling. During landing, braking was ineffective and the aircraft overran the end of the runway. After colliding with a concrete structure, the plane came to a stop. The aircraft was written off. NTSB probable cause 10 minor
America West Flight 727 January 16, 1990 737-300 Austin, Texas On January 16, 1990, America West flight 727 was hijacked en route to Las Vegas from Houston. The hijacker forced the pilot to land the aircraft in Austin, Texas, so it could be refueled and flown to Cuba. At the Austin airport, police overpowered and arrested the hijacker. none
America West Flight 556 July 1, 2002 A319-100 Miami, Florida The flight was halted by Transportation Security Administration and local police after a tip that the pilots appeared to be drunk. Sobriety tests showed that the pilots were legally intoxicated, and they were eventually sentenced to prison for operating an aircraft while intoxicated. none
America West Flight 794 August 28, 2002 A320-231 Phoenix, Arizona The pilot failed to maintain directional control during landing, causing the aircraft to veer off the side of the runway onto a dirt infield, and the nose gear strut collapsed. The aircraft was written off. NTSB brief 1 serious, 9 minor

References

  1. ^ a b Norwood, Tom; Wegg, John (2002). North American Airlines Handbook (3rd ed.). Sandpoint, ID: Airways International. ISBN 0-9653993-8-9. Archived from the original on 2016-11-28. Retrieved 2018-10-15.
  2. ^ America West 747 Japan commercial. 2 October 2007. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via YouTube.
  3. ^ America West- The More You Fly. 3 July 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via YouTube.
  4. ^ 1999 America West Commercial - 1. 26 June 2006. Retrieved 20 December 2015 – via YouTube.
  5. ^ "US Airways To Merge, Move Base To Arizona". Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  6. ^ Diane Bartz and Karen Jacobs (July 1, 2013). "State Attorneys General Join Probe Of American Airlines, U.S. Airways Merger". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  7. ^ Gilbertson, Dawn (April 10, 2015). "'Cactus' call sign fades into US Airways history". The Arizona Republic.
  8. ^ a b "America West Holdings Corporation". Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  9. ^ Beauvais, Ed (2016). Up, Up And Away, From The Beginning to My Journey's End 1981-1992. Scottsdale, AZ: Ed Beauvais. p. 28. ISBN 978-0-692-45268-4.
  10. ^ "THE PHOENIX-BANGKOK HEROIN CONNECTION". Retrieved 20 December 2015.
  11. ^ Air Transportation Stabilization Board Conditionally Approves Application By America West Archived 2008-09-08 at the Wayback Machine U.S. Treasury
  12. ^ US Air Uses Cash To Buy Back ATSB Stock From Aviationweek.com 2005 October
  13. ^ America West Airlines fleet details Airfleets.net
  14. ^ ""Welcome to FlightFund"". Archived from the original on October 22, 1996. Retrieved 2017-05-30.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). America West Airlines. October 22, 1996. Retrieved on October 1, 2009.
  15. ^ British Airways ends code-share with America West ended on December 31, 2005 Archived 2007-02-27 at the Wayback Machine Cheapflights.co.uk.
  16. ^ Continental Ends Ticket Alliance With America West New York Times Online Archives
  17. ^ http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 2003 America West Airlines route map
  18. ^ a b Berry, Jahna. "Tempe breathes a sigh on AmWest merger plan." Arizona Business Gazette. June 2, 2005. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
  19. ^ "Phoenix mostly shrugs at prospect of Delta merger." Atlanta Journal Constitution. November 19, 2006. A1. Retrieved on March 1, 2010. "More than 700 people work at US Airways' nine-story headquarters."
  20. ^ "Article: Carey Diversified Finances America West Headquarters; $25 Million Non-Recourse Mortgage Secured by Recently Completed Facility." PR Newswire. July 27, 1999. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
  21. ^ "United-America West Deal Has Implications Across The West .." Associated Press at Lodi News-Sentinel. Friday January 22, 1999. Business 13. Retrieved from Google News (8 of 38) on March 1, 2010.
  22. ^ "America West Completes Financing of New Corporate Headquarters." PR Newswire. February 19, 1998. Retrieved on March 1, 2010.
  23. ^ Lehman, William. "Part VII - America West." US Airways. Retrieved on February 18, 2010.

External links

AWA

AWA may be an abbreviation for:

Adam Walsh Act

Advancing Women Artists Foundation

Africa World Airlines

Africa Wrestling Alliance, a wrestling organization

All Writs Act

Aluminium wire armour, an electrical cable

Amalgamated Weavers' Association

Amalgamated Wireless (Australasia), a telecommunications manufacturer

America West Airlines

American Whitewater

American Wrestling Association, a former wrestling organization

American Writers Association, a literary organization

Anarchism without adjectives, a school of anarchist thought

Animal Welfare Act (disambiguation), several laws

Anime Weekend Atlanta, an annual anime convention located in Georgia

Australian workplace agreement, an employment contract

AWA Tower, Sydney, Australia

Awadhi language

Aeroxchange

Aeroxchange is a neutral purchasing portal for the aviation industry based in Irving, Texas. Founded in July 2000 and commenced operations a couple of months later on October 1, 2000. It is the only electronic business network that supports all MRO business processes within the aviation industry for buyer and sellers. Aeroxchange provides a complete lifecycle of electronic communication from order creation to final invoice. The Aeroxchange service accelerates repair, replenishment, sourcing, inventory pooling and other critical operations in the aviation supply chain.Aeroxchange automates the exchange of documents and information for commercial transactions. Its electronic platform dramatically reduces manual activity for transaction processed by fax, telephone and email, and increases the accuracy and timeliness of information and document exchange.

Founded by 13 airlines, Aeroxchange has been joined by 20 other airlines and several suppliers. The founders include Air Canada, Air New Zealand, All Nippon Airways, America West Airlines, Austrian Airlines Group, Cathay Pacific Airways, FedEx Express, Japan Airlines, KLM, Lufthansa, Northwest Airlines, Scandinavian Airlines System and Singapore Airlines.

The service focuses on the repair, replenishment, sourcing, inventory pooling and other critical operations in the aviation supply chain. It automates the exchange of documents and information for commercial transactions. Aeroxchange claims, “Our electronic platform dramatically reduces manual activity for transaction processed by fax, telephone and email, and increases the accuracy and timeliness of information and document exchange.”

America West Airlines Flight 556

America West Airlines Flight 556 was a regularly scheduled flight from Miami, Florida, to Phoenix, Arizona, operated by an America West Airlines Airbus A319. On July 1, 2002, the plane was ordered back to the terminal after the pilots were suspected of being drunk beyond the legal limit. The pilots were ultimately convicted of operating an aircraft while intoxicated.

America West Express

America West Express was the name for America West Airlines commuter and regional flights operated by Mesa Air Group's Mesa Airlines under a code share agreement. Today Mesa Airlines operates for American Eagle.Mesa Airlines operated America West Express from hubs at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix, Arizona, McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas, Nevada, and Los Angeles International Airport in Los Angeles, California to regional destinations.

Chautauqua Airlines also operated America West Express regional jet service via a code sharing agreement in support of the America West hub in Columbus, Ohio.

America West Express fleet consisted of 61 turboprop and regional jet aircraft.

America West Holdings

America West Holdings Corporation was an Arizona-based company whose primary holding was America West Airlines. On May 19, 2005, America West Holdings Corporation announced it would acquire the Arlington, Virginia-based US Airways Group.

The merged company adopted the well-known US Airways Group name and was based in America West's former corporate offices in Tempe. US Airways Group corporate offices in Arlington were closed, and most US Airways management were laid off. America West CEO Doug Parker became CEO of the merged company. The merger was completed on September 27, 2005. A merger of the two airlines' FAA operating certificates occurred on September 25, 2007 (the US Airways certificate survived), ending the 24-year history of the America West Airlines name.

JetBlue Flight 292

JetBlue Flight 292 was a scheduled flight from Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California to John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. On September 21, 2005, Captain Scott Burke executed an emergency landing in the Airbus A320-200 at Los Angeles International Airport after the nose gear jammed in an abnormal position. No one was injured.

List of America West Airlines destinations

This is a list of airports that America West Airlines flew to as of September 24, 2007, and does not include cities only served by America West Express which are listed at America West Express destinations. America West Airlines is a subsidiary of the US Airways Group.

For all of the destinations served by the US Airways Group, including US Airways, US Airways Express, America West Airlines, and America West Express, see US Airways Destinations.

List of defunct airlines of the United States

This is a list of defunct airlines of the United States. However, some of these airlines have changed identities and/or FAA certificates and are still operating under a different name (e.g. America West Airlines changed to use the identity of US Airways in 2005 - which itself also changed identity to American Airlines in 2015).

Mesa Airlines

Mesa Airlines, Inc. is an American regional airline based in Phoenix, Arizona. It is a FAA Part 121-certificated air carrier operating under air carrier certificate number MASA036A issued on June 29, 1979. It is a subsidiary of Mesa Air Group and operates flights as American Eagle and United Express via respective code sharing agreements with American Airlines and United Airlines. It serves more than 180 markets in the Western Hemisphere. Mesa's safety record was noted as having the fewest incidents among domestic regional airlines in the Journal of Air Transportation.

Mesa filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in January 2010, hoping to shed financial obligations for leases on airplanes it no longer needed. In March 2011, Mesa emerged from Chapter 11 bankruptcy. The time Mesa spent in bankruptcy was one of the shortest periods in aviation history. Since 2013, Mesa has added more aircraft to its fleet than any other regional airline. In November 2017, Mesa opened a new training center in Phoenix. The 23,000-square-foot facility features a full-size CRJ-200 cabin trainer aircraft, 14 classrooms, and has the capacity to train 300 crew members at one time.

Pacific Southwest Airlines

Pacific Southwest Airlines (PSA) was a United States airline headquartered in San Diego, California, that operated from 1949 to 1988. It was the first large discount airline in the United States. PSA called itself "The World's Friendliest Airline" and painted a smile on the nose of its airplanes, the PSA Grinningbirds. Opinion L.A. of the Los Angeles Times called PSA "practically the unofficial flag carrier airline of California for almost 40 years."The airline initially operated as an intrastate airline wholly within the state of California. This strategy which avoided the steep costs from federal regulation would later serve as the model for Southwest Airlines, doing in Texas what PSA had done in California. Following the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978, PSA expanded to other destinations in other western states in the U.S., and also eventually operated international service to several destinations in Mexico.

In 1986, PSA became the first of two airlines that were bought, or merged, into the existing USAir, followed by Piedmont Airlines in 1987. The PSA acquisition was completed in 1988. USAir changed its name to US Airways in 1997. In 2005, after its second bankruptcy filing, America West Airlines acquired US Airways, continuing with the name until it merged with American Airlines in 2013.

In November 1995, the PSA name was given to Jetstream International Airlines, becoming PSA Airlines, so that US Airways could preserve the PSA name and trademarks. US Airways had acquired Jetstream International in 1987, when it was a subsidiary of Piedmont Airlines.

Palmdale Regional Airport

See: United States Air Force Plant 42 for the United States Government use of the facilityPalmdale Regional Airport (IATA: PMD, ICAO: KPMD, FAA LID: PMD) is an airport in Palmdale, California. The city of Palmdale took over the airport at the end of 2013, managing it via the Palmdale Airport Authority.

Reverse takeover

A reverse takeover or reverse merger takeover (reverse IPO) is the acquisition of a public company by a private company so that the private company can bypass the lengthy and complex process of going public. The transaction typically requires reorganization of capitalization of the acquiring company. Sometimes, conversely, the private company is bought by the public listed company through an asset swap and share issue.

Rick Kirkman

Rick Kirkman (born 1953) is a cartoonist and co-creator of the comic strip Baby Blues. He received the National Cartoonist Society Newspaper Comic Strip Award in 1995, and the Reuben Award in 2012 for his work on the strip. He also served as co-executive producer of the WB Network TV series of Baby Blues.

Prior to the creation of Baby Blues,

Rick Kirkman worked as a humorous illustrator and gag cartoonist. His gag cartoons appeared in magazines including Saturday Evening Post, Saturday Review and Good Housekeeping. He created humorous illustrations for advertising clients including America West Airlines, BIC Corporation, Campbells, Ramada Inn and Best Western; and accompanying articles in Parents Magazine, Money, Children's Television Workshop and Redbook.

He collaborated with longtime friend, Jerry Scott,

to create the comic strip Baby Blues, which was launched in 1990 by Creators Syndicate.

US Airline Pilots Association

The US Airline Pilots Association (USAPA) was the collective bargaining agent for the majority former US Airways "East" pilots, and the minority former America West Airlines "West" regional pilots. USAPA was led by East pilot Mike Cleary. USAPA was formed by East pilots for the exclusive and purpose of attempting to overturn the results of the previous pilot seniority integration arbitration. During the fair representation trial, USAPA used as courtroom witnesses East pilots Sully Sullenberger and Jeffrey Skiles of the infamous Hudson River flight 1549. Both witnesses testified in support of USAPA.

US Airways

US Airways (formerly known as USAir) was a major American airline that ceased to operate independently when the Federal Aviation Administration granted a single operating certificate (SOC) for US Airways and American Airlines on April 8, 2015. Publicly, the two carriers appeared to merge when their reservations systems and booking processes were merged on October 17, 2015; however, other systems were still separate at that time. The airline had an extensive international and domestic network, with 193 destinations in 24 countries in North America, South America, Europe, and the Middle East. The airline was a member of the Star Alliance, before becoming an affiliate member of Oneworld in March 2014. US Airways utilized a fleet of 343 mainline jet aircraft, as well as 278 regional jet and turbo-prop aircraft operated by contract and subsidiary airlines under the name US Airways Express via code sharing agreements.

The carrier operated the US Airways Shuttle, a US Airways brand which provided hourly service between Logan International Airport in Boston, LaGuardia Airport in New York City, and Ronald Reagan Washington National Airport in Washington, D.C. As of October 2013, US Airways employed 32,312 people worldwide and operated 3,028 daily flights (1,241 US Airways Mainline, 1,790 US Airways Express) Roughly 60% of US Airways flights were operated by US Airways Express.In 1979, after passage of the Airline Deregulation Act, Allegheny Airlines changed its name to USAir and began seeking to expand its operations. A decade later, it had acquired Piedmont Airlines and Pacific Southwest Airlines, and was one of the U.S.'s seven remaining transcontinental legacy carriers. In 2005, America West Airlines carried out a reverse merger, acquiring the assets and branding of the larger US Airways while putting the America West leadership team largely in charge of the merged airline.

In February 2013, American Airlines and US Airways announced plans to merge, creating the largest airline in the world. The holding companies of American and US Airways merged effective December 9, 2013. In preparation for their eventual integration, the airlines began offering reciprocal frequent flyer benefits on January 7, 2014, and US Airways left Star Alliance to join Oneworld on March 31, 2014. The combined airline carries the American Airlines name and branding and will maintain the existing US Airways hubs in Charlotte, Philadelphia, Phoenix, and Washington for a period of at least five years under the terms of a settlement with the Department of Justice and several state attorneys general. US Airways management runs the combined airline from the American headquarters in Fort Worth, Texas. On April 8, 2015, the FAA officially granted a single operating certificate for both carriers, marking the end of US Airways as an independent carrier. The brand continued to exist until October.On July 13, 2015, American announced that it planned to discontinue the US Airways brand name on October 17, 2015. On that date, US Airways made the final flight for the airline from San Francisco to Philadelphia with stops at Phoenix and Charlotte, operating as Flight 1939—with 1939 commemorating the birth of All American Aviation, which evolved over the decades to become US Airways. However, repainting of US Airways' planes into the American Airlines scheme was expected to take until "late 2016", with new flight attendant uniforms also being introduced in 2016, at which point the US Airways brand was to no longer be displayed on any of its former planes, employees or assets.

US Airways Group

US Airways Group Inc. was an airline holding company based in Tempe, Arizona. US Airways Group operated US Airways, along with its subsidiaries PSA Airlines, Inc. and Piedmont Airlines, Inc., which are wholly owned but marketed under the branding of US Airways Express. It merged with America West Holdings Corporation, parent of America West Airlines, in 2005, and the combined company adopted the better-known US Airways name; the two airlines' operating certificates merged in 2007. It also operates additional companies that provide associated services. ACE Aviation Holdings, the Canadian parent of Air Canada retained a roughly 6.1% investment stake in US Airways Group. The route network covered destinations in 47 states, as well as international destinations.

The company merged with AMR Corporation; the combined business began trading under the new name of American Airlines Group on December 9, 2013. The combined airlines formed the largest airline in the world. US Airways' CEO, Doug Parker, became CEO of the new company.

US Airways fleet

US Airways operated a predominantly Airbus fleet, with some older Boeing aircraft and a small fleet of Embraer jets.

US Airways livery

US Airways' aircraft livery has varied both under the US Airways and USAir name. In general the Express and Shuttle divisions have had liveries that closely parallel the company-wide livery at the time. The US Airways livery has been replaced with the new American Airlines livery, in accordance with their merger.

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