Amelia County, Virginia

Amelia County is a United States county located just west of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county is included in the Greater Richmond Region, and its county seat is Amelia Courthouse.[1]

Amelia County was created in 1735 from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties, and it was named in honor of Princess Amelia of Great Britain. Parts of the county were later carved out to create Prince Edward and Nottoway counties.

As of the 2010 census, the county population was 12,690, which is an increase of more than 44 percent from the 1990 census.[2]

Amelia County, Virginia
Amelia VA - county courthouse
Amelia County Courthouse
Seal of Amelia County, Virginia

Map of Virginia highlighting Amelia County

Location within the U.S. state of Virginia
Map of the United States highlighting Virginia

Virginia's location within the U.S.
Named forPrincess Amelia
 • Total359 sq mi (930 km2)
 • Land355 sq mi (919 km2)
 • Water3.3 sq mi (9 km2), 0.9%
Population (est.)
 • (2015)12,903
 • Density35/sq mi (13.7/km2)
Congressional district7th
Time zoneEastern: UTC−5/−4


Princess Amelia of Great Britain (1711-1786) by Jean-Baptiste van Loo
Princess Amelia of Great Britain, for whom the County is named

Amelia County was created by a legislative act in 1734 and 1735[3] from parts of Prince George and Brunswick counties. The County is named for Princess Amelia of Great Britain, daughter of King George II. As was customary, as population increased in the region, Amelia County was reduced by the division of territory to form newer counties; in 1754, Prince Edward County was formed from parts of Amelia County, and in 1789, Nottoway County was formed. It was developed for plantation agriculture dependent on slave labor.

During the Civil War General Robert E. Lee and his Army spent April 4 and 5, 1865 at Amelia Courthouse before his surrender on April 9 to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox. The last major battle of his army was fought at Sayler's Creek on April 6.

Amelia is known for its minerals, including the nation's best supply of amazonite, a green feldspar found at the Morefield mine. In the 19th century, spas were developed around its mineral springs, which were destinations for travelers.

In 1986 the Amelia County Fair sponsored a competition for the world's largest potato pancake (with apple sauce). It was constructed to raise money that year for the German American National Scholarship Fund. The pancake weighed more than two and one quarter tons and used four truck loads of potatoes.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 359 square miles (930 km2), of which 355 square miles (920 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.9%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Major highways


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 201612,913[5]1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[2]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 11,400 people, 4,240 households, and 3,175 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 4,609 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.57% White, 28.05% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.80% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,240 households out of which 32.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.10% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.30% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 29.20% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,252, and the median income for a family was $47,157. Males had a median income of $32,315 versus $23,102 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,858. 8.40% of the population and 6.70% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 7.10% are under the age of 18 and 11.70% are 65 or older.


Board of Supervisors

  • District 1: Thomas Gleason, Vice Chairman (I)
  • District 2: Roger A. Scott (I)
  • District 3: Ralph A. Whitaker, Jr. (R)
  • District 4: Carroll E. Barnard (R)
  • District 5: Franklin D. Harris, Chairman (D)

Constitutional officers

  • Clerk of the Circuit Court: Marilyn L. Wilson (D)
  • Commissioner of the Revenue: Laura Walsh (I)
  • Commonwealth's Attorney: Lee R. Harrison (I)
  • Sheriff: Rick Walker (I)
  • Treasurer: Pam Conyers (D)

Amelia County is represented by Republican Amanda Chase in the Virginia Senate, Republican Thomas C. Wright, Jr. in the Virginia House of Delegates, and Democrat Abigail Spanberger in the U.S. House of Representatives.


The Amelia Bulletin Monitor, a weekly newspaper, has covered the county since 1973.


There are no incorporated communities in Amelia County.

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated communities

Notable residents

See also


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  3. ^ History of Amelia County Archived 2010-12-05 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 31, 2013.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
  13. ^ Scruggs, Lawson Andrew (1893). Women of Distinction: Remarkable in Works and Invincible in Character. Raleigh, North Carolina: L. A. Scruggs. p. 247. OCLC 4255360.

External links

Coordinates: 37°20′N 77°59′W / 37.34°N 77.98°W

Amelia Courthouse, Virginia

Amelia Court House is a census-designated place (CDP) in and the county seat of Amelia County, Virginia, United States. The population as of the 2010 Census was 1,099. Amelia Court House is also known as Amelia Courthouse and Amelia.

Amelia Wildlife Management Area

Amelia Wildlife Management Area is a 2,217-acre (8.97 km2) Wildlife Management Area located in Amelia County, Virginia. Primarily upland habitat, it also preserves around 175 acres (0.71 km2) of bottomland hardwoods and beaver swampland along the Appomattox River. Much of the land was formerly used for farming; today it is managed to preserve wildlife habitat. The forest is mature, with gently rolling terrain, and an altitude between 200 and 300 feet (61 and 91 m) above sea level. Much of the area is bounded on the north by the Appomattox River.Amelia Wildlife Management Area is owned and maintained by the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. The area is open to the public for hunting, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, boating, and camping. Access for persons 17 years of age or older requires a valid hunting or fishing permit, a current Virginia boat registration, or a WMA access permit.

Ammon, Virginia

Ammon is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Chula, Virginia

Chula is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.Dykeland, Egglestetton, Grub Hill Church, and The Wigwam are historic buildings of Chula that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Earls, Virginia

Earls is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Jetersville, Virginia

Jetersville is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

John Winston Jones

John Winston Jones (November 22, 1791 – January 29, 1848) was an American politician and lawyer.

Maplewood, Virginia

Maplewood is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Mattoax, Virginia

Mattoax is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Morven, Virginia

Morven is an unincorporated community in Amelia County, Virginia, United States. It lies at the intersection of Clementown Road (former SR 38) and Genito Road (former SR 149).

National Register of Historic Places listings in Amelia County, Virginia

This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Amelia County, Virginia.

This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Amelia County, Virginia, United States. The locations of National Register properties and districts for which the latitude and longitude coordinates are included below, may be seen in a Google map.There are 10 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 1 National Historic Landmark.

This National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 12, 2019.

Paineville, Virginia

Paineville is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park

Sailor's Creek Battlefield Historical State Park is a 321-acre (130 ha) state park in Rice, Virginia, (Prince Edward County). It includes a portion of the landmarked Sayler's Creek Battlefield, an area of 1,022 acres (414 ha) that was the site of the April 6th, 1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek, one of the last major engagements in the Eastern Theater of the war during Confederate General-in-Chief Robert E. Lee (1807-1870), during his week-long retreat to the southwest in the final Appomattox campaign from the fallen Confederate capital at Richmond and nearby Petersburg, before his subsequent surrender three days later at Appomattox Court House to pursuing Union Army General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant (1822-1885), on April 9th, 1865, effectively ending the American Civil War (1861-1865).

It is also likely that some of this state historical park established in 1985 by the Commonwealth of Virginia is not included in the four separated parcels that were landmarked.

Besides the historical landmark house, visitors center, exhibits with artifacts/memorabilia, park ranger talks and lectures, walking trails, interpretive plaques, gift shop. etc., the park also includes such amenities as picnic tables and barbecue grills available for use.The Overton-Hillsman House on the site was used as a field hospital during and after the battle, and is open to visitors in the summer and by request. The park also occasionally hosts "living history" events with Civil War soldier and civilian reenactors during the year.

The park name appears to be a further misspelling of Saylor, a farmer after whose land and the stream for which the Battle of Sayler's Creek was afterwards later named in 1865. Some official records such as those of the National Historic Landmark program correctly refer to this park as being named the Sayler's Creek Battlefield State Park.

Scotts Fork, Virginia

Scotts Fork is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Tabb Monument

The Tabb Monument, dedicated in 1936, is a monument in Amelia County, Virginia dedicated to Virginia-born Catholic poet John Bannister Tabb. The marker, and the one-acre (4,000 m2) plot of land surrounding it, are managed as a state park by the Commonwealth of Virginia.

Thomas Bibb

Thomas Bibb (May 8, 1783 – September 20, 1839) was the second Governor of the U.S. state of Alabama from 1820 to 1821. He was born in Amelia County, Virginia in 1783. He was president of the Alabama Senate when his brother, Governor William Wyatt Bibb, died in office on July 10, 1820, and took over as governor for the remainder of his term. He was married to Parmelia Thompson from 1809 to his death in 1839.

Bibb was an ancestor of James C. Gardner, a Louisiana politician who served as the mayor of Shreveport from 1954–1958. Julia Pleasants and David Creswell, Gardner's maternal great-grandparents, were married in 1854 at Bibb's columned plantation house, Belle Mina, located in Limestone County near Huntsville, Alabama.

Truxillo, Virginia

Truxillo is an unincorporated community located in Amelia County, in the U.S. state of Virginia.

Virginia's 11th Senate district

District 11 of the Virginia Senate is a senatorial district made up of Colonial Heights, Amelia County and part of Chesterfield County in the U.S. state of Virginia. This district is currently represented by Amanda Chase.

William S. Archer

William Segar Archer (March 5, 1789 – March 28, 1855) was a politician and lawyer from Virginia who served in the United States Senate from 1841 to 1847. He was the nephew of Joseph Eggleston.

Places adjacent to Amelia County, Virginia
Municipalities and communities of Amelia County, Virginia, United States
Metro areas

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