Ambedkar Nagar district

Ambedkar Nagar district is a district in the Ayodhya division of Uttar Pradesh in India. This district was created on September 29, 1995 and was named in memory of Bhimrao Ambedkar, who worked for the advancement of the deprived classes, women and other weaker sections of society.

Ambedkar Nagar district
Location of Ambedkar Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Ambedkar Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
Administrative divisionAyodhya
HeadquartersAkbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar
TehsilsAkbarpur, Tanda, Jalalpur, Allapur, Bhiti
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency)- Akbarpur, Jalalpur, Katehari, Tanda
2. Sant Kabir Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency)-Rajesultanpur,Allapur
 • Assembly seats1. Katehari
2. Akbarpur
3. Tanda
4. Jalalpur
5. Alapur
Area
 • Total2,520 km2 (970 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total2,398,709
 • Density950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy74.37%
 • Sex ratio976
Major highwaysNH 28, NH 128, NH 233A, NH 233B State Highway 30
WebsiteOfficial website

Geography

Ambedkarnagar district is located on the North-Eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. It lies between 26° 09' N to 26° 40' N latitudes and 82° 12' E to 83° 05' E longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar districts, on the north-east by Gorakhpur district, on the south by Sultanpur district, on the west by Ayodhya district and on the east by Azamgarh district. The total area of the district is 2520 km². The total length of the district from east to west is approximately 75 km and the breadth from north to south is about 42 km.

The district of Ambedkarnagar forms a part of the central Ganga basin. The soils of the Ambedkarnagar district are alluvium.

The Saryu River is the main river and is located at the northern boundary of the district. The Tanda, Rajesultanpur, Ramnager and Baskhari blocks are located along this river and use its water for irrigation. Irrigation in the Baskhari block is also from Lake Devhat and the Rajesultanpur Lakes. Lake Darvan provides water in the Katehari block. The Akbarpur, Bhiti, Bhiyam, and Jalapur blocks depend upon smaller rivers and seasonal streams. The city of Akbarpur is situated on the banks of the River Tons (Tamasa), which divides the city into the two parts Akbarpur and Shahzadpur, with the latter being the main commercial centre of the city.

Languages

The most common language of Ambedkarnagar is Awadhi language, which can be considered as their native language. There is a wrong perception that the Awadhi[1] language is a mix of Awadhi with Bhojpuri, that both are the same language. Awadhi is very different from Bhojpuri and considered as very sweet flavor language, while it is very courteous and decent language.

Climate

The climate of the district resembles that of eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is characterized by a rhythm of seasons, which are produced by south-west and north-east monsoon. The reversal of winds takes place twice a year. The climate of the district may be classified into three distinct seasons.

  • Cold weather season (November to February)
  • Hot weather season (March to mid-June)
  • Season of rains (mid-June to October)

The cold weather season lasts from November to February. In November, the belt of high pressure extends from north-west India and covers the whole of the Uttar Pradesh. The temperature beings to decline and the maximum and minimum are 32.15°C and 8.95°C respectively, in this month. The prevailing winds blow from west to east and are influenced by the pressure distribution and pattern of the Himalayas.

Cities and Towns

Ambedkar Nagar Nagar Panchayat and Nagar Palika

Blocks

Economy

Ambedkar Nagar is known for its textile industry, power plant, sugar plant and cement manufacturing plant. Tanda town is well known for its "Tanda Terrycot". The major economic activity of the district is agro-based industries, firms small, power looms and farming. There is a thermal power plant belonging to the NTPC at Makhdoom Nagar area near Tanda. Jaypee Group (Jaypee Ayoudha Greeding) has set up a cement manufacturing plant at Naseebjot Village near Tanda. The district has a sugar factory called Akbarpur Sugar Mill, which is situated near Mijhaura, about ten kilometres from the district headquarters. Akbarpur is a very important town and district headquarter of Ambedkar Nagar district with active participation in the production of plastic along with farm based products.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ambedkar Nagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Demography

According to the 2011 census Ambedkar Nagar district has a population of 2,398,709,[3] This gives it a ranking of 186th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,021 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,640/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.35%.[3] Ambedkar Nagar has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 74.37%.[3] The distribution of population in each block is controlled by physical conditions and socio-economic causes. Akbarpur block has the highest share of population (16.56%t) of the study area, followed by Jalalpur (13.80%), Tanda (12.32%), Ramnagar (10.26%), Katehri (10.03%), Bhiyaon (9.78%), Baskhari (9.53%), Jahangirganj (9.17%) and Bhiti (8.55%).

Education

Ambedkar Nagar has Government Engineering College, Government Medical College, Government colleges, schools and government-aided colleges besides the privately managed schools and degree colleges. Notable institutes are BNKB PG College, Manyawar Kanshiram Engineering College of Information Technology, Mahamaya Rajkiya Allopathic Medical College, BBS PG College Rajesultanpur, Ramabai Government Women Post Graduate College, Akbarpur and SLJB PG College, Rajesultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar. Adarsh Janta inter college Tanda Ambedkar Nagar has an Agriculture Engineering College, and a polytechnic institute in the district. There are also industrial training institutes like Pt. S.D. Pandey ITC, Jamunipur, SLJB PG College Rajesultanpur, GGIC Rajesultanpur and DAV College Rajesultanpur. Other higher education institutions include Rajkiya Engineering College, Ambedkar Nagar and Mahamaya Medical College and GSIC Rajesultanpur, ITI College Rajesultanpur, Kanya Inter College (Bhiti), Chandra ITC Dhaurahara Sinjhauli (Akbarpur) and Sirsiya Group of college Rajesultanpur.

Medical and engineering colleges

Notable colleges

Tourism

The shrine of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani[4] is located in Kicchocha Sharif (Kichhauchha Sharif). According to Ramayana, Sravana Kumar was killed by King Dasharatha of Ramayana at Shravan Kshetra near Akbarpur. At Shravan Kshetra an annual fair is held on Magh Purnima (February full moon). The fort at Lorepur is an important tourist attraction in the district. Mahadev Mandir at Beedi Village on Dostpur Road from Akbarpur Rly Station and Shiv Baba Mandir near Akbarpur is also one of the famous religious places in Ambedkarnagar. Every Monday and Friday a fair is held here and the people from nearby districts visit this place to fulfill their wishes.

Media

Ambedkar Nagar has some active media groups which continuously give news updates on Ambedkar Nagar news in Hindi, including breaking news and current news. These media groups include Amar Ujala,[5] Dainik Jagaran, and Dainik Bhaskar.

Notable people

Bus stations

References

  1. ^ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Awadhi_language
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ 'Hayate Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani(1975), Second Edition(2017) ISBN 978-93-85295-54-6, Maktaba Jamia Ltd, Shamshad Market, Aligarh 202002,India.
  5. ^ "Hindi Newspapers". Amar Ujala. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
Akbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar

Akbarpur is a city and a municipal board in, and the administrative headquarters of, Ambedkar Nagar district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Akbarpur is the birthplace of Ram Manohar Lohia (1910–1967), who was a renowned Indian freedom fighter and socialist political leader.

Akbarpur (Ambedkar Nagar) Airstrip

Akbarpur Airstrip is an airstrip/aerodrome located in Akbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar, Uttar Pradesh.

Akbarpur (Assembly constituency)

Akbarpur Assembly constituency is one of the 403 constituencies of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly, India. It is a part of the Ambedkar Nagar district and one of the five assembly constituencies in the Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency). Akbarpur Assembly constituency came into existence in 1955 as a result of the "Final Order DC (1953-1955)". The extant and serial number of this constituency was last defined in "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008".

Akbarpur Junction railway station

Akbarpur Junction railway station is a junction station between Lucknow,Faizabad and Varanasi and Ayodhya. Railway stations near Akbarpur are Shahganj Junction (SHG), Jaunpur Junction(JNU), Goshianganj (GGJ), Malipur (MLPR) and Bilwai (BWI).

Ashrafi Family

The Ashrafs are the descendants of the Sufi saint Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani who had settled at Kichhauchha Sharif (Ashrafpur Kichhauchha) in the Ambedkar Nagar District, Uttar Pradesh, India, after relinquishing his throne in Semnan ( Iran). His shrine is situated at Dargah, Rasoolpur between Kichaucha Sharif and Baskhari Sharif and is visited by thousands of devotees irrespective of caste, creed and sex. The Ashraf family members' chief meeting place are Baskhari Sharif & Kichaucha Sharif, where their main family members reside. It is one of the most revered and authentic families of Hashemite Syeds residing in India.

Ashrafpur Kichhauchha

Ashrafpur Kichhauchha is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ambedkar Nagar District in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is well known worldwide as here is located the shrine of the famous Chisti Sufi saint Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani, which attracts millions of devotees irrespective of religion, caste, creed and sex all the year round. The nearest railway station is the Akbarpur station which is about 23 kilometers. Akbarpur station is connected by rail to big cities such as Kolkata, Delhi, Lucknow, Varanasi and Mumbai.

Baskhari

Baskhari, is a Town Area in Ambedkar Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Hanswar

Hanswar is a village in the Ambedkar Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India, located east of Tanda. It was ruled by the Royal Family of Hanswar Estate till 1950. Demographically, Hanswar resembles the rest of the Purvanchal area in which it is located. It is primarily an agricultural area. It rates moderate in its level of literacy, and has a low human development index.

Hari Om Pandey

Hari Om Pandey is an Indian politician belonging to the Bharatiya Janata Party. He is a Member of the Parliament, as of 2014. He won in the Indian general elections, 2014 from the Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) in the state of Uttar Pradesh. He defeated his nearest rival Rakesh Pandey of Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) by a margin of 139,429 votes. He is the first person from BJP to win Ambedkar nagar constituency. He is also Cousin of NRI Researcher Kaushlendra Tripathi.

Hirapur, Uttar Pradesh

Hirapur is a village in Ambedkar Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh, India. Hirapur is situated 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) east of Tanda Busstand. Hirapur is also known as the Yadav Chowraha.

A notable resident was Dayaram Yadav, a social worker and the village head man (gram pardhan) of Narayanpur pretampur. He was born on 27 December 1949 and died on 29 October 2005.There are 5 schools in Hirapur. There is a Bank of Baroda branch in Hirapur.

Iltifatganj

Iltifatganj is a town and a nagar panchayat in Ambedaker Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Jalalpur

Jalalpur is a town and a municipal board in Ambedkar Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

The most prominent personality of the city is Anwar Jalalpuri, a Urdu poet who translated the Geeta in the Urdu language entitled "Urdu Shairi Mein Geeta". He has also worked in the movie, Dedh Ishqiya.

Jalalpur (Assembly constituency)

Jalalpur is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Jalalpur in the Ambedkar Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Jalalpur is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 280 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Ritesh Pandey who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Rajesh Singh by a margin of 13,030 votes.

Katehari (Assembly constituency)

Katehari is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Katehari in the Ambedkar Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Katehari is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 277 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bahujan Samaj Party candidate Lal ji Verma who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Awadhesh Kumar Dwiwedi by a margin of 6,287 votes.

Mokalpur, Uttar Pradesh

Mokalpur is a village in Alapur tehsil of Ambedkar Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh state, India. It belongs to Faizabad division. It is located 30 kilometres (19 mi) east of the District headquarters at Akbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar and 216 kilometres (134 mi) from the state capital at Lucknow.

Rajesultanpur

Rajesultanpur or Raje Sultanpur is a town and Nagar Panchayat in Ambedkar Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

Tanda, Ambedkar Nagar

Tanda is a city and municipal board in the Ambedkar Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Sanju Devi (BJP) is MLA from Tanda. Devi is an Indian politician and a member of 17th Legislative Assembly of Tanda, Uttar Pradesh of India.

Tanda (Assembly constituency)

Tanda is a constituency of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly covering the city of Tanda in the Ambedkar Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Tanda is one of five assembly constituencies in the Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency) Since 2008, this assembly constituency is numbered 278 amongst 403 constituencies.

Currently this seat belongs to Bharatiya Janta Party candidate Sanju Devi who won in last Assembly election of 2017 Uttar Pradesh Lagislative Elections defeating Samajwadi Party candidate Azeemul Haq Pahalwan by a margin of 1,723 votes.

Tanda thermal power plant

Tanda Thermal Power Station is located in Ambedkar Nagar district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The power plant is one of the coal based power plants of NTPC. The coal for the power plant is sourced from North Karnpura Coal Fields. Source of water for the power plant is from Tanda Pump Canal on Saryu River.

In the year 2000, Uttar Pradesh State Electricity Board (U.P.S.E.B.) transferred Tanda Thermal Power Plant to NTPC Limited against payment overdue. After acquisition of this plant, because of the better maintenance by NTPC Limited, this power plant has crossed its Plant Load Factor (P.L.F.) to more than 100%.

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